An Accademie of Armory OR A Store House of Armory & Blazon Containeing all thinges Borne in Coates of Armes Both Forraign and Domes tick. With the termes of Art used in each Science.

By Randle Holme

Donum Tho: Simpson de civit: Gestr Aldr: et just: pacis

Printed att Chester By the Author

THE ACADEMY OF ARMORY, OR, A STOREHOUSE OF ARMORY AND BLAZON. CONTAINING The several variety of Created Beings, and how born in Coats of Arms, both Foreign and Domestick. WITH The Instruments used in all Trades and Sciences, together with their Terms of Art. ALSO The Etymologies, Definitions, and Historical Observations on the same, Explicated and Explained according to our Modern Language. Very usefel for all Gentlemen, Scholars, Divines, and all such as desire any Know­ledge in Arts and Sciences.

Every Man shall Camp by his Standard, and under the Ensign of his Fathers House, Numb. 2.2.
Put on the whole Armour of God, that you may be able to stand against the Assaults of the Devil; above all take the Shield of Faith. Ephes. 6.11.16.

By Randle Holme, of the City of Chester, Gentleman Sewer in Extraordinary to his late Majesty King Charles 2. And some­times Deputy for the Kings of Arms.

CHESTER, Printed for the Author, MDCLXXXVIII.

In Commendation of that Elaborate Piece of Heraldry, Intituled The Aca­demy of Armory; Published by his Loving Friend Randle Holme, Herald in Chester.

NOne but thy Sire can faithfully Express,
What vast Expence, and Toyl brought Thee too Press;
The Expence so Great, so Numerous the Days,
As Thee to a due Estimate may raise:
Days did I say, nor Months, but Years, and those
Not few, tho' well Imploy'd did Thee Compose.
A Work Herculean, in which thy Sire
Must Live always, tho's Vitals shall Expire.
H. Williamson, M. D.

In Commendation of that Ingenious piece of Heraldry, Intituled The Academy of Armory and Blazon; Composed by my loving Friend Randle Holme Herald in Chester.

SOme Strenuously their Wits do strain,
For the Alluring hopes of Worldly gain;
Many Sinister Ends that others make,
Of worthless Writings which they Undertake.
But this Unfolding th' Mystery of our Arms
In Heraldry, preserves us from the Harmes;
Which Ignorance, or dark Oblivion might
Involve us in, and make our Blazons Light.
I. Rock, Med.

In Praise of that Ingenious, and Chargable Piece of Heraldry, Composed by Randle Holme, Herald at Armes in Chester; Intituled the Academy of Armory.

KInd Reader do so much as cast your Eye,
Upon this Precious Piece of Heraldry
Here you may See, both High and Low their Armes,
Likewise of Honor, and Mechanick Terms.
And other Things, (I may make Bold to say,)
That ne'er saw Light until this present Day.
Of all the Books that hereto hath been Writ,
There's none of Heraldry compar'd to it.
T. Tillier, Typog.

RANDLE HOLMES. ANAGRAM. Lo Mens Herald.

THis Title Herald which doth thee adorn,
Was given thee soon after thou was born.
The Priest e'en at the Font sure could divine,
When he bestow'd on thee that name of thine:
He then foretold thy Calling and thy Fame,
And therefore he Wove Herald in thy Name.
Now his Prediction thou hast fulfill'd,
In Heraldry there none is better skill'd.
Thou'st drawn a Patern, that may others teach,
What they may aim at but yet never reach:
The best may see portray'd before their Eyes,
A multitude of most rare Novelties;
Which for a long time in abstruse did lurk,
But now appears in thy Laborious Work.
A Work needless of praise, to set it forth,
It self sufficient is to tell its worth.
The World's Indebted for thy great Expence,
Thou well deserves an ample recompence.
Thou hast out vi'd all those, writ thee before,
Succeeding Ages will thy Works adore.
I say but this, least I be said to flatter,
Thou art of all the best, Caduceator.
'Twixt Mercury and thee, there's but this odds,
Thou art Mens Herald, and he was the Gods.
By him who Eighty four years hath out worn,
Unfit for Rime, but more fit for his Urne.
Richard Blackbourne, Gest.

THE ACADEMY OF ARMORY, OR STORE-HOUSE of ARMS. In FOUR BOOKS.

LIBER I. The First Book Treateth generally of the Rules of Heraldry as to the Honorable Ordinaries how they have been Anciently and Modernly termed, with the several Ways or Methods of Blazon.

CHAP. I.

TREATETH of the Original, and Office of Heraulds, their Colledge, and Fees.

CHAP. II.

Treateth of Shields and Bucklers, their va­rious Names, of what made, and the diverse Forms of them, how used: and what Colours have been used in them, their Signification, and worthiness of one above another, and of the points of an Escochion.

CHAP. III.

Treateth of the Antiquity of Arms, and first Painting of Shields; the Colours used in Arms, and Rules of Bla­zon in General, and in Particular; with the several ways of Blazoning of Arms.

Of the Honourable Ordinaries, and their Composi­tion according to their several Lines. As of the Chief, and its diverse ways of Bearing. Of the Pale; and Pile; the Gyron, and Canton; with their several ways of Composition.

CHAP. IV.

Treateth of the Bend, the Bendlett, and Cost: The Fesse, the Barr, and Barrulett. The Escochion, the Treasure, and Orle: With the Flanch, and Flasques, according to their several Compositions.

CHAP. V.

Treateh of all Sorts of Crosses, that are in Arms, and their Names by whom they are born.

CHAP. VI.

Treateth of the Cheveron, the Cheveronell, and the Couple Close: The Salter, and Frert: The Rund­lett▪ with its Terms answerable to the Colour. Of the Loseng, Fusill, and Mascle. Of the Gutte, or Drop, and its diverse Blazoning. Of the Bordures, and their several Compositions.

CHAP. VII.

Treateth of Furrs, and Tinctures of Eields, accord­ing to several Forms and Shapes: As by Abatemee [...], by Ordinaries, Per Pile, Pale, Fesse, Bend, and Per Cheveron. As also Tinctures of Eields by a twofold Ordinary, as Per Pale and Pile; Per Pale and Salter: &c. And also Tinctures of Fields by Obscure Ordina­ries, as Barry Bendy: Losen [...]y: &c.

CHAP. VIII.

Treateth of the File, and Lambeaux: Of the bea­ring of Ordinaries, one upon another; Between one another: By the side one of another; and Commixt. Also of Ordinaries Diminishing one another; And Piercing, or Fretting one another.

CHAP. IX. & X.

Treateth of some Sorts of Bearings, which are Omit­ed in the Former Chapters. To all the foresaid Bear­ings, are set down the Name or Sur names of such Famileys, as have such Charges in their Coats of Arms.

LIBER II. The Second Book Tr [...]teth in General of all Essential, and Created Beings, in whom there is either Life, or Motion, as Vegetives, Sensitives, and Rational Creatures.

CHAP. I.

TReateth of things in Heaven, as GOD the Fathe [...] ▪ the Son, and Holy Spirit, Cherubims, and Se­raphims: The distances of the Heavens. The descrip­tion of the Heathen Gods and Goddesses; Demy Gods and Countrey-Gods, and Gobdesses. The Holy Or­der of Angels. The Infernal Order of Devils: And the Names the Devil is called by.

Of the Heavenly Sphere, with its Circles Names. Of the Planets, and how described; And the Signs of the Zodiak. With the Names of the Northern and Southern Stars. Of the Sun and Moon. Of the Ele­ment of Air, and Wind, with the products thereof.

Of the Element of Fire, and its Products. The Reason of the Change of the Moon, a [...]d its Eclipse; Of the Aspects, and their Characters: With some Terms used by Astronomers, and Astrologers, concern­ing the Celestial Sphere.

CHAP. II.

Treateth of the Element of Water, the Several Sorts, and Terms of Waters. Of the Terrestrial Globe, and Element of Earth, with its Products; Of the Fo [...] Parts of the World, and what Kingdom, Countreys, and Islands, are in each Part.

Of Minerals, Metals, and Moulds. Of Stones, and Precious Gems.

CHAP. III.

Treateth of Trees of all Sorts, Shrubs, Dead Wood, and Perished Trees: Of Roots, Mushrooms, and several Sorts of Corn, and Grass.

CHAP. IV.

Treateth of all Sorts of Flowers, Leaves, and Herbs; with their Descriptions, and Colours. Of Fruitage, and Flowerage.

CHAP. V.

Treateth of the Affinity of Leaves; Also of Seeds, Pods, and Fruit. Of Some Trees before omitted in the Third Chapter. With the Terms used by Herba­lists, about the Roots, Stocks, Leaves, and Fruit of Trees: With other Terms used by them.

CHAP. VI.

Treateth of the Affinity of Leaves, and Flowers, belonging to Herbs and Plants; With the Name assigned the Leaf according to its shape and form. Also such Terms as are given to Clusters of Filowers, accord­ing to the form they grow in. And Names to perticu­lar, or single Flowers, according to their kinds. With Terms used by Florists and Gardeners; and the Instru­ments they use. Of the signification of Trees, Plants, Fruits, Flowers, and Herbs used in Coats of Arms.

CHAP. VII.

Treateth of the several Kinds of Beasts, and Cattle, the Terms for all their parts, when they are in Compa­nies, according to their Age: Also Terms for there En­gendering, and bringing forth Young. The Voices of Beasts, Lodging and Feeding: With the names of the Male and Female, of Beasts. The several postures of Beasts; how Termed, when standing upright Of Horse­manship, with the Terms used about the Horse, as its Parts, Bones, Diseases.

CHAP. VIII.

Treateth of divers and various Beasts, Vermin, Li­zards, and Amphibious four-footed Creatures. With the terms used, for the several ways of bending the Legs, and Arms in Heraldry.

CHAP. IX.

Treateth of several other Beasts and Cattle, Foreign and Domestick, the parts of a Bull and Cow; their Di­seases, the Benefit and Blessing of Cows, Terms used by Cowherds, and Instruments used by them.

Shepherds Terms about Sheep, their Parts, Diseases, and Observations in them. Swineherds Terms about Swine, their Parts and Diseases. Hunters Terms, sorts of Dogs their parts, and Diseases.

Of Insects, Bees, Worms, Serpents, their Voices; terms about Bees and Honey; sorts of Flies and Butter­flies, and of what Worms they proceed. Of the several terms used for the turning of Serpents Tails in Heraldry.

CHAP. X.

Treateth of Monsterous Creatures, Amphibious Crea­tures, and Bigenerous Creatures; of the Caterpiller, and several other sorts of Worms, and Insects, not mention­ed before. The signification of Beasts in Armory.

CHAP. XI.

Treateth of Fowl, and Birds of Prey, with other Birds of the Woods, and Mountains, as also Domestick. Ob­servations of Birds of Prey. Sorts of Hawks: The names of the Males and Females: and according to their Age: The parts of an Hawk, their Diseases, and the terms used by Falconers: And things used about Hawks. Of Cock­ing, and the terms used by Cock-masters, of Cockpit-laws.

CHAP. XII.

Treateth of several other sorts of Fowls, Foreign and Domestick: Also of Monstrous Birds.

CHAP. XIII.

Treateth of several Foreign Birds, with their Parts, and Members, as born in Arms, not mentioned in the former Chapters. The signification of Birds used in Arms; the parts of all Birds in General, inwards and outwards; with other remarkable things in them, and not in other Creatures. Voices of Birds, how termed in Companies. Of Poultry, and Terms for their Age. With the Expla­nation of Naturalists terms, in their Description of Birds.

CHAP. XIV.

Treateth of Fish of all sorts, their Covering, Form, and Shape; the Parts of a Fish. Of their names accord­ing [Page] to the Age, and how termed in Companies. As also of all sorts of Shell-fish.

CHAP. XV.

Treateth of other sorts of Fish, and some Shell fish, omitted in the last Chapter Of Monstrous shaped fish.

CHAP. XVI.

Treateth of Monsters of the Sea, and Fish of lesser knowledge, because but rarely seen. The signification of Fish used in Arms: The terms used by Historians in the Description of Fish; Explained, as also terms of Bla­zoning.

CHAP. XVII.

Treateth of Mankind, of all the parts, as born in Arms: with the Cyru [...]geons, and Anatomists terms used for all the mem [...]e [...]s o [...] t [...]e Body, inwar [...]s and outward: Of the Senses, and va [...]ous Voices of Men: And Names given to the Male and Female, according to their Ages. Men and Women Metamorphosed.

Time in all its parts of Time, how severally describ­ed, or drawn into Emblems, and Figures; and other things depending upon Time, illustrated. Of Men pu­nished in Hell.

The Emblems of the Faculties of the Mind or Soul; and the Passions, and a Description of them. Of the Di­seases of the Body inward, and outward. The terms of the Art of Palmestry, and Names of the Lines in the Hand. And of several Words and terms used by Chy­rurgions, and Anatomists, about Man's Body.

CHAP. XVIII.

Treateth of several things omitted in the Chapters of this Second Book, which are here added, and are to be transferred to their mentioned Places.

LIBER III. The Third Book Treateth of Vestments for the Ornament of the Body according to Places, and Est [...]em [...], wi [...]h all the I [...] of the Liberal S [...]iences, or that are used by Me­chanick Trades, and who beareth such things in their Coats Armor.

CHAP. I.

OF the Ornaments for the Head, as Crowns, [...] ­rels, Caps of Dignity, Morions, Miters [...] Turbots, Hats, Hoods and Tanks. O [...] for the Feet, as Hose, Startops, Garters, Shoos▪ [...] and Broges, with the terms of all parts of them.

CHAP. II.

Treateth of Bands, Ru [...]fs, Gorgets, Sleeves, M [...] ­ches, Gioves, Coats, Dublers, Robes, [...]oakes, Gir [...] Scarfs. Ornaments for the Hands and F [...]ugers, as [...] Annulets, Bracelets, Chains of Gold, Jewels, Scepter▪ Monds, Maces, Virges, Swords of State, C [...]ossiers, Rods▪ Crosses, Crucifixes, and Cruches. Purse of Estate, Purses with the several Names, or terms given to each part of them.

Also all sorts of Coins, or Moneys, used amongst the Ancient Iews, Greeks, and Romans, and what value it beareth with our English Money. Also all our English and Scotch Coins, both of Silver and Gold: With the Names and Descriptions of all the sorts of Coin used in our neighbouring Kingdoms and Countries, Alphabeti­cally set down; whether Brass, Silver, or Gold; and their value with ours.

CHAP. III.

Treateth of Emperors and Kings; of their Robes and Ensigns of Regality, the Ceremonies of their Coronati­ons, Offices for those Festivals; and Officers and Servants belonging to the King's Houshold, with their Fees.

A Description of several Ancient Emperors, Kings and Princes; with the 9 Worthies. The Ceremonies at the Creation of a Prince, Arch-duke, Duke, Marquess and Earl: Of the Domestick and State Officers belonging to the Earl of Chester. A [...]iscount and Baron, and the manner of their Creations.

Several sorts of Barons, Knights: Orders and Sta­tutes for Knights of the Garter, Officers belonging to the Garter. Creation and Habet of a Knight of the Bath. A Knight Banneret and Baronet. A Knight how made, and degrading o [...] Knighthood: A Catalogue of the se­veral Orders of Knig [...]ts Secular.

The Creation of a King and Herauld of Arms, The Office a Major, with the Offi [...]ers of a City, or C [...]rporation, and their Habits. The Lord Chief [...] his Habit. A Serjeant at Law his Habit, and Ceremony at his making. The Officers in the Com­mon Law, and Courts of Chancery: The Chancelors. [...] of Divinity, Civil Law, and Physick; their [...], and Ceremonies at the receiving of their De­ [...] The Officers in the Universities, and Degrees [...] Scholars, with their Habits: And of a Beads man, an Hospitaller, or Alms man.

Of the Esquire, and the several Degrees of Esquires. Of Gentlemen, and the several Degrees of them, and how made so. Of Yeomen, Freeholders, Pages, Servants, and Labourers: With the several sorts of them A Countrey Clown, or Bore described.

The several Countrey Occupations, as the Mower, with what terms is used about Hav making. Thrasher, with several Terms of Husbandry about Tillage, Sow­ing, and Reaping; Thrashing, Winding of Corn.

Of the Huntsman, Courser, Forester, and Faulco­ner, with their Terms of Art.

Also the several Occupations in Cities, as Cooks with their Terms in Cookery; and how to send up Dish­meats in their Order, at Grand Feasts. Of the Baker, Tanner, Glower, Currier, with their Terms▪

And the Burcher, with his Terms for all the pieces of Meat cut in the Shambles; either from, or in Beef, or Veal, Mutton, Pork, and Brawn.

With the Smith, Farrier, Gun-smith, Lorrinor, Spurrier, Gold-smith, Jeweller, Lapidarie, Pinner, or Pinmaker, Needle-maker, Tyn-man, and Cutler with his several sorts of cutting Weapons. Also Powterers, Founders, or Brasiers, Plummers, Card-makers, and Saddlers, with the several parts of a Saddle, Bridle, Pil­lion, and Side-saddle.

[Page]Of the Taylor, with the parts of the Doublet, Coat, Breeches, Cloak, Womens Gowns, Mantues, Wast­coats, and Petticoats. The Upholsterers, with their terms for the several parts of a Bed, and Hanging about a Room. Of the Semster, Laundress, Needle-work Mistress, with the severall terms of Needle-work.

The Shoomaker, with the names of St. Hugh's Bones, and the terms of their Size. And of the Embroiderer, the Joyner, Carpenter, Tallow-chandler, and Wax­chandler, Fisher, or Drawer, Angler, Water-leaders, Beer-Brewers, Malt-makers, Fietchers, Bowyers, and Stringers; with the terms used in their several Arts, and Occupations explained.

And the Hutler, or Huxter, Gardiner, Flax-dresser, with the Ordering of Flax, and Hemp: And Weaver, Cooper, Masons, Stone-cutters, and Stone-getters Pot­ters, Rope-makers, Printers, Barbers, and Hat-makers, with the several sorts of Hats; and terms of Art used in their Misteries or Trades.

An Astronomer, and Astrologer, how they Reckon the Sabbath days throughout the year; to know the moveable Feasts in the year, and the time of the English Kings Reign, with a Calendar of all the Saints days, Jewish Months, with Evil and Good days for any Employ in the year. Of Geometry, and the names of severall parcels of Lands: Of Arithmetick, and how the Jews, and Hebrews, Romans, Greeks, and Arabi­ans, used to express numbers; of casting up Sum [...] by Counters, with several terms taught in the Art of Nu­meration; with the Description of several Anti [...]nt Phi­losophers.

Of the Painter, Graver, Etcher, Gla [...]-painter, and Glasier; And Men famous for Invention, and impro­vers of Arts. The Musitianer, with several sorts of Musick, both of Voice, Strings, and Wind; with their Musical terms.

The Crate-carrier, Porter, Tinker▪ Sowgelder, Bed­lam, Chimney-sweeper: with what Instruments and terms they use. Of the Witchman, or Salster, the Sailer, with his Terms of Navigation. The Begger, Cripple, and Vagabonds, with their Canting Terms; the Morrice-dancers, with the several Terms used in modest Dances.

CHAP. IV.

Treateth of Holy, and Religious Persons, and Or­ders; as of our Saviour Jesus Christ's Birth, Life, and Passion, Resurrection, and Ascention; the Jews High Priest, with the terms of his Vestments, and manner of Consecration. The Bishop, his Election and Consecra­tion, as in the Romish Church. A Dean, a Mass-priest, Doctor of the Civil Law, with the names of their Ecclesiastical Vestments.

Of the Orders of Monks, Friers, and Jesuits, their Rules, receiving into Monasteries, and Consecrations: Of the Election of Abbots, and their Consecration, the several Officers in a Monastery; the Places in a Mona­stery, and their Priviledges. The Canons Secular, the degrees of Church Officers, their Vestments, and Con­secrations; the Canons Regular, their Vestments, and Orders.

Of the Knights Templars, and Hospitallers, and their Rules: With other Ecclesiastical, or Spiritual Kts of several Orders, and manner of their Installing. Of Hermits and Friers of several Orders; with Pilgrims, or Palmers.

The Description of several Catholick Saints, and of what Countreys, and of what Trades they are Patrons. The Description of the four Evangelists, and twelve Apostles.

Of the Protestant Bishops, their Habit, Election, and Consecration: A Doctor of Divinities Habit, and how made a Doctor: a Minister or Parson, and a Deacon, how Ordained, and their Canonical Habits. A Master of Arts, and his Habit: Of Martyrs. Rhetorick, and Logick described, with some terms of Art used therein.

Also of a Lady Abbess, Nuns, and Religious Wo­men of several Orders, and of their admission into the Nunnery, and Consecration, and Habit. The De­scription of several Women Saints, and of the seven Cardinal Virtues, and other Virtues. Also the De­scription of the seven Deadly Sins, with other Wicked­nesses. The Sibylls described: and Poverty.

CHAP. V.

Treateth of several sorts of Countrey Men and VVo­men, as the Islander, Russian, Muscovian, Tartarian, Polander, Iew, Turk, Roman, Irish, Aegyptian, Chi­nensian, Arabian, English, French, Spanish, German, Britaine, Indian, Morocco, Brisilian, Virginian, &c. with their Habits, Religion, and Climate of the Coun­trey; the Description of the nine VVorthy VVomen. Apparel now used by VVomen.

Of a Queen, Lady, Virago, or an Amazon, a VVoman, and Maid, a Shepderdess. The Salutation, with its Honours described. Of VVrestling, and the terms used therein. Labour in Vain, with other Be [...]r­ings both of Men and VVomen, both in Coats and Cog­nizances of Persons and Houses.

In the Additional Plate, is described more sorts of Crowns, also of some Hoods, Caps, and other Orna­ments for the Head, with Garter, and Boots: which should have been incerted in chap. 1. Also to chap. 2. add some Variety of Sleeves, or Maunches, anciently and now in use.

Of the Description of the Liberal Art or Science of Grammar, with some terms belonging thereunto. Of the Merchant, with several terms about Weights, and Merchandize Goods; the Bricklayers Tools, and the terms used in their Trade.

The Billiard Play, and what terms they used therein▪ Chess Play, and its terms. Tennis Play, and terms used in that Exercise. The Slater, his Tools, and the terms for Slates. The Carter, and his Gee-wo terms.

The Thrower, or Turner, with their terms. Also certain Heads, and Faces, which should have been in chap 3. Of the Roper, and Upholsterer, their tools or working Instruments, with their several Parts and Members, how termed.

CHAP. VI.

Treateth of all the Instruments of Huswifery, and Spinning of Wool, Flax, or Hemp, and Jarsey; with the Names of all the parts of the said Instruments. Also the Working Tools of a Weaver, Fuller, Sheerman, or Clothworker, Taylor, Harmaker, Shoomaker, Ba­ker, Butcher, Cook, or Victualler, Cooper, Beer-brewer, and Water-carrier; with the parts of a Pump, and the several sorts of them.

CHAP. VII.

Treateth of Smiths Tools, with several Iron-works made by them, their names, and terms for their se [...]veral Parts, and Members. The Farriers, Spurriers, and Lorrillers Tools, and VVorks made by them: As also the Gla [...]ers, Imbroiderers, Goldsmiths, and the Plumme [...]s [...] to work with. And Instruments of Punishment for of [...]ending persons, according to the de­gree of the [...].

In the Second Plate of this Chapter, is the description of some Tools of Trades omitted in the two former Chapters, viz. of the Butchers, Bakers, White-coopers, Beer-brewers, Smiths, Lock-smiths, Farriers, Spur­riers, Lorrillers, Plummers, and Instrum [...]nts for Pun­ishment. Also some few things belonging to Hus [...]and­ry, omitted in the Subsequent Chapter 8.

CHAP. VIII.

Treateth of the Tools, and Instruments of Husband [...]ry, as Plowing Reaping; also such as belong to the Dairy, Stable, Cow-house, and Pasture. The things about Water and Wind Mills. Tools belonging to a Bricklayer, Mason, Pavier, Slater, and Plasterer; of Chariots, Coaches, Sedans, Selas [...]s, and Horse-li [...]ers. Of the Saddle, with the terms belonging to each [...] of it, the several sorts of Saddles, with the Sadlers tools which he works withall.

In the Second Plate of this Chapter, is the description of some Tools omitted in Chap. 6. belonging to the VVeavers, Clothworkers, and Shoomakers: with a further Procession of Tradesmens Tools, as the Tan [...]ners, Fletchers, Curriers, Joyners, Carpenters and their Engines, for drawing of great Peeces; Turners in wood, Brass, Ivory, or with the Engine: the Dry [...]lover. And Geometrical Instruments, to be added to them in the next Chapter.

CHAP. IX.

Treateth further of Joyners, and Carpenters Tools; and such as belong to the Limner, or Painter; the wet Glover, Stationer, and Book binder: Instruments for the measuring of Lands, with certaine terms given to several Geometrical Lines, and Cubical Bodies.

In the second Plate of this Chapter, is the Tools be longing to a Pewterer, Jeweller, and Lapidary; also the working Instruments of a Comb maker, Card maker, Glasier, Felt-maker, Needle-maker, Inkhorn-maker, and Lanthorn-maker.

In the third Plate of this Chapter, it treateth of the omission of some Tools belonging to Husbandry, and Millery; the Mason, Slater, Bricklaver, Plasterer, & Sadler, in Chapter 8. As also of som Chyrurgions Instruments, and Edifices, omitted in the following, Chapters. 10, 11, 12.

CHAP. X.

Treateth of the Rom [...]n, Saxon, German, High Dutch French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Hebrew Letters, with their Accents; with the ancient British Characters.

Of the Romans notes of Antiquity, and Numbers, and how expressed by Letters. Also the Breviation of VVords anciently used in old VVritings, explain­ed.

In the Plate of Letters in this Chapter, placed f [...]lio. 416 a. It treateth of the Secretary, or mixt Letters; Chancery, or Sett Hand, and Court Hand writting, with the right Pronouncing of the English, Dutch, and French, &c. Letters. Also the Alphabets, of the Goths, Celts, Normans, Franks, Irish, Manks, Ph [...]nice, Egypt, Turky, Ancient Greeks, Ethiopia, Phrigia, Illy­rick, Slavon [...]a, Croatick, Dalmatia, Israel, Samaria, Chaldia, Syriack, India, Sarjinia, Arminia, and Ara­bia, and how pronounced.

CHAP. XI.

Treateth of the Instruments belonging to a Barber, and a Chyrurgion; with Vessels, and other usefull In­struments for Distillation, or Squeezing out of Oyls, and Liquors.

CHAP. XII.

Is a Continuance of Chyrurgions Instruments: Also Instruments for Leger [...]de main, or Art of Juggleing. And of Dweling places, as Huts, Tents, Tabernacles, Houses, Towers, Cities.

CHAP. XIII.

Is a Continuance of several Forms of Towers, Castles, VValls, Arches, Churches, Chappels, Cathedrals; with the Bells, Alters, Fonts, and other Utensils be­longing to the Jewish and Christian Churches. VVith all the terms of Art given to all parts of a Pillar, ac­cording to the five Orders.

The second Plate of this Chapter, Treateth of some other sorts of Buildings of Towers, VValls, Pillars, and Castles. To which is added several sorts of Knots, and interlacing of Lines, and Fretting of An­ [...]les, with other Extravagant Things, found in Coats of Arms: which could not fitly be set under any head, or order; therefore as Heteroclites, are set by themselves.

Thus far have I with much Cost and Pains, caused to be Printed for the publick benefit; what remains (and is ready for the Press) is as followeth in the succeeding Contents: which if encouraged by Liberal and free Contributers, may appear in the World, else will sleep in the Bed of its Conception, and never see the Glorious Light of the Sun.

The Second Part of the Third Book Treateth of Houshold Goods, Instruments of Recreation, Arms Offensive and Defensive, Field Fights, &c. With several other sorts of Mecanical Impliments, by which it is concluded.

CHAP. XIV.

TReateth of all sorts of Goods belonging, and useful for a House, and Family; and are necessary for a Kitchin, Hall, Parlour, or Lodging-room.

CHAP. XV.

Treateth of all sorts of writing Instruments, Scrowls, Papers, Books, Libraries. Also such things as are ne­cessary for Navigation, as Boats, Lighters, Ships, and Fire ships with Men-of-war: with all the terms given to an Anchor, Masts, Sails, Riggings, and every Part of a Ship, inward, and outward: The Names of all sorts of Boats, and Ships, with the terms of the Irons about them: with the Sailers Terms, when they are about Sailing: or Sea Fights.

CHAP. XVI.

Treateth of several sorts of Musical Instruments, both of VVind, and String Musick: And such as are plaid on by the Hands, or with Sticks. Things for Gaming, as Cards, Dice, Tables, Tennis, Hunting, Birding, Hawk­ing, Fishing and VValking: VVith the Names, and terms belonging to each part of the aforesaid Instru­ments, and of their manner of Plays and Exercises.

In the Second Plate of this Chapter, is an Addition of some few things that should have been in Chap. 14. a­bout Houshold Goods: And in Chap. 15. amongst things belonging to Shipping, and to be added to this Chapter unto the Instruments for Hunting, Birding Fish­ing, and Chess, and to be as a Supplement to the suc­ceeding Chap. 17, 18, 19. Of some Offensive and de­fensive Weapons, and Souldiers: Also of the manner of Fortifying of Cities, and great Towns with Walls, or Bulwarks, with the terms used by Souldiers in their Fights, Sieges, Marching, Encampings: With Ingineers terms, for all the parts of M [...]dwall Fortifications.

CHAP. XVII.

Treateth of Offensive and Defensive Arms, as Ar­mour, from head to foot, and how each part is termed: Of Spears, Lances, Bows and Arrows, Clubs, Bills, Hal­berts, with such like; with the Names of every Part and Member of the said several Warlike Weapons.

CHAP. XVIII.

Treateth of all sorts of flying Field Colours, as the Standard, Ensign, Penon, Banner and Guydon. Lead­ing Staves, Swords, Rapiers, Fauchions; with great and small Artillery and Engines for Battery, with all the parts, and terms used about the same, in every branch and member thereof, and the things belonging to them.

CHAP. XIX.

Treateth of men at Arms, and the words of Command and Posture for the Pike, Pike and Target, Musket, the several beatings of the Drum, the Offices of Souldiers from the lowest to the highest Commander. The terms for carrying, and displaying of an Ensign, the Honour, and Dignity of an Ensign.

The Play at Foils, or Rapier, with the terms used at it, and Sword play: with necessary things fit to be known in the Art of Defence. The Names and Places of all the Roman, Greek, and English Army-Officers, from the first to the last in Command. The 6 Points of War sounded by the Trumpet. The manner of Must­ering, and the way of Horse-firing, and Office of all Horse-Officers, from first to last.

Of Combats or Duels for Life, the ancient manner of Challenges, in what Causes to be denied, preparations for it, and the manner of the Combatants coming to the Field, the Victors manner of Return. The original of Tilts and Tourneyments, the Exercise and Prize. Barriers, and the manly Exercise thereof, who admit­ted to these Heroick Exercises.

Terms for the Riding, and Exercise of the War-horse, Race-horse, and Hackney. The Exercise, Motions, Words of Command therein, and their manner of Fire­ing, and Fighting: Of the use of Iron Chariots, Wheels, and Elephants in War. The manner of Exerciseing the Foot Company, with the terms given to each part of it, being drawn up into a Body: Of Distances, Facings, Doublings, Conversions, Countermarches, Wheelings; with Observations upon all Motions.

Of the Marching, Imbattailing, Encamping, of an Army; both by the Greeks, Romans, and our Modern Armies: Of the Name and term given to the several parts, or divisions o [...] an Army. Of the manner of Fire­ing both by Forlorns, Ranks Divisions, Vollies, &c. Of Victory, and of the Greek and Roman manner of Tri­umphs after Victory: and Gifts and Rewards given to Souldiers for valour and service.

Of Souldiers Punishments; with brief discourses of the Souldiers Priviledges, Wages, Donatives, Ap­parel, Hostages, Prisoners, Rescues, Paroles, Leagues, and Allies, Treaties, Enemies, Ambassadors, and Dis­missions, or Disbanding after Wars

In the second Plate of this Chapter, Treateth of some sorts of Armor both Defensive and Offensive, used by the Ancient Romans, and in our modern times, since the use of Fire-Arms. Instrument belonging to a Gardiner; a Wax and Tallow Chandler, and the Lanthorn-maker. With several other Tools and Instruments belonging to Trades formerly omitted and therefore set in this place.

CHAP. XX.

Treateth of the Instruments belonging to a Silk Wea­ver, Button-maker, Printers of Books, Letter Founders▪ Pin-makers, and Plate-workers, with some Castles, and Heathenish Temple, Alters or Tables, used by those peo- before Christianity.

CHAP. XXI.

Treateth of such Instruments as are used by Tin-men, or workers of Tin Plate; Brass Founders, Cutlers, Tobacco pipe-makers, and Tobacco cutters, with their cut­ting Engine, Presses, Mill, and Wheel. Also Tools be­longing to a Pastry-Cook; and such as are used about Angleing and Fishing, with several sorts of Nets, Hooks, and Decoying Wills. And in the end, those that belong to the Sope-Maker, and Sugar-Boiler.

LIBER IV. The Fourth Book Treateth of the Art of Blazon, both of Single and Double Coats, according as the Charges are interposed with the Ordinaries, or the Ordinaries with them; of Im­paleing, and Marshalling of Coats, according to the Degrees of Persons. Badges of King­doms; Orders and Processions of State, and at Coronations: The Solemnizing of Fune­rals, with Precedency of Persons.

CHAP. I.

TReateth of Coats of single Charges, and so proceed­ing to the Number ten: how Blazoned when Charges are in place of the Ordinaries, on, or between them: or if they be interposed with the Charges: or if confusedly commixt one with another.

CHAP. II.

Treateth of Examples of Coats, which have Variety of Ordinaries, and Charges, in one and the same Bear­ing. Also of Coats, which are Charged with Variety of Charges, without any Ordinaries interposing.

CHAP. III.

Treateth of the Marshalling part of Heraldry, which is to impale Coats together, as Baron and Femme; or according to the Functions of Persons, put [...]ing the Spiri­tual and Temporal Coats together. Also of Quarter­ing of Coats, according to the number of Heirs Married withal; or else according to Coats by the Gift of Princes. And lastly assigning to each Family his due difference as there are branched out of the main stock, or H [...]se: giving such those Rebatements of Honor, who have car­ried themselves according to their Significations.

CHAP. IV.

Treateth of the Adorning of Arms above the Esco­chion, that is with Crown, Miters, Caps, or Hats, ac­cording to the degrees of Persons. Of the several ways Crests have been born, and in what, before the use of Wreaths: And of the variously contriving of Crests, contrary to simple Charges, of which there is set down many Examples, of things between; things pierced, and things held, or supported, by Crests.

CHAP. V.

Treateth of Beasts in several Postures, Arms diversly bended, Demy-Persons, and in whole, in various Acti­ons: and lastly, several things mixt together for one Crest.

CHAP. VI.

Treateth of the Ma [...]shalling of Coats, by adorning them about, either with Compartments, Garters, Col­lars of Esses, Scarffs, Branches; or else on the side of the Escochions, which is by Supporters, Swords, Fea­thers, Crosiers, and Crosses; or else by things under the Escochion by Escrowles, Badges of Honor, and Em­blems, of such Persons, Places, and Dignities. And in the last place, giving Examples of Mantlings, both Ancient and Modern, according to the Degrees, and Offices of Persons, whether Spiritual or Temporal.

CHAP. VII.

Treateth of several Forms of Supporters, composed of, and from divers Proportions; or Examples of divers Antique Supporters, drawn forth according to the Fan­cy of the Bearers.

CHAP. VIII.

Treateth of the Marshalling of whole Atchievements, due and belonging to each Degree, from the Peasant to the Prince; with all their Titles of Worship, Honor, and Dignity; with the Blazon, of all the Coats of the Nobility of England, in their several Degrees, with their Crests and Supporters.

CHAP. IX.

Treateth of the Badges, or Tokens of Kingdoms, whereby one is known, or distinguished from the other: the Ensigns, or Banners of all the European Kingdoms▪ displayed in their proper Colours: the Ensigns, or Coa [...] or Seals, of the Cities and Towns Corporate in England Blazoned; the Badges of Houses, as University Col­ledges, Halls, Inns of Courts, Abbies, and such like.

CHAP. X.

Treateth of the Badges of Princes, and Noble Persons, with the Tokens, and Cognizance of their Offices, De­grees, and Orders: both Military and Civil, Spiritual and Temporal. The Signs, Marks, and Tokens of Ar­mies, distinguishing of Regiments, and Companies, that each Souldier may know his Leader and Company. Al­so the Coats and Cognizance of Trades, and Trades­men; with the Mark used by Merchants, and such as Traffick beyond Seas.

CHAP. XI.

Treateth of the Orders, and Processions of great Per­sons Baptized, with the Ceremonies attending such mag­nificent Solemnities. Also of the Order and Manner of the Solemnization of Marriages of great Personages; se­veral Presidents of such described.

CHAP. XII.

Treateth of the Pompous Progression, and Ceremo­nies of several great Princes, and Potentates, at their Inauguration, and Crowning; and of divers Kings and Queens riding in Triumph through the City of London, before their Coronations; their going to Parliament; with several other Processions of State, both in this King­dom, and in other Foreign Places: with the Feasts and Banquets used at the time of such Ceremonies. Also of the Precedency of all Orders, and Dignities, according to their Office, and Place and Birth.

CHAP. XIII.

Treateth of Funerals for all degrees of Persons, as of Gentlemen, Esquires, Knights, and Baronets; the man­ner of Foreign Funerals, both Ancient, and Modern; as Iews, Greeks, Roman [...], &c.

CHAP. XIV.

Treateth of the Funerals of a Baron, Viscount, Earl, a Bishop, and Arch-bishop; with Persons in high Offices, and Places of great Dignity; with the Form, and De­scriptions of Hearses, Monuments, and Trophies of Ho­nour set over them.

CHAP. XV.

Treateth of the Funeral of a Marquess, Duke, Prince, or any Great Potentate: the Forms of ther Hearses, with other Funeral Ceremonies, with which all is concluded.

Post Funera nihil.

IN LAVDEM AVTHORIS.

READER observe, and here you'l plainly See,
The Labyrinthean knots of HERALDRY;
Clearly unty'd, and that laid ope' to view,
Which other Writers but till now ne'er knew.
So that if e're you doubt, you need not look
In any other, but in HOLMES his Book.
Tho. Simpson, Jun.

In Laudem operis Elaborati Patris Charentissimi Ranulphi Holme, Nominati Academia Armorum.

WHAT Art, Labour, Wit, Industry contriv'd,
In former ages is herein reviv'd;
Things long hid is brought to light again,
For the Lovers of Arts, them to attain.
By them Accepted will most kindly be,
Though others it contemn I plainly see.
FOR
Haply thy Appetite likes not that thing,
Speaks of Honor, and lasting Fame doth bring.
And apt to Censure that thou dost not know,
And to Carp at Faults, which are nothing so:
If this thou do, making it thy only end,
Know thou art neither Arts, or Learnings friend.
But an Ignorant, Empty, Brainless Sot,
Whose chiefest Study is the Can and Pot.
If this be so, as nought else in't there may,
Then to your Works this Farewel I do say;
Go thy ways Arts Book, and Feare no evill,
Envy'd by none, but Sons of the ♉ [...]
Servus humilimus & filius tuus Obedientissimus, Ranulphus Holme, Jun.
[Page 1] TO THE Honourable the KINGS at ARMS, WITH THE Worshipful the COLLEDG of HERAULDS: R. H. Yonr Deputy for the County Palatine of Chester and Lancaster, with North-Wales; Wisheth Prosperity and increase of Happiness. After I had read over several English Authors treating of this Subject (Herauldry); and weighing them altogether, I found there was a great deficiency in them as to those variety of Charges borne in Coats; which caused me to enter into some thoughts of an enl [...]rgement, espe­cially in those things which I observed was never taken notice of by publick Authors: And this I was the more encouraged to do, having in those days the liberty of the Office, and other Libraries of that concern. Which endeavour though of many years search and industry in compiling, yet it comes far short of what is born in Arms: That which remaineth I must leave (as an addi­tion) to more diligent Persons, and learned Pens.

BOOK I. CHAPTER I.

THE Word Herauld is a Term derived from the Saxon, Here-hault, or Here-auld; which is as much as to say an old Lord, or ancient Sir. Noting that he must be a Champion of an Army, a Gentleman of Quality, and an old experi­enced Man; else he cannot be admitted into so honourable an Order as this of an Herauld is.

The Antiquity of Heraulds.

2. WE have it recorded in sacred Scripture, Dan. 3.4. that in the Reign of Nebuchadnezzar King of Babilon, there was a Herauld which proclaimed the King's Will and Pleasure. Sir Iohn Ferne saith, Glo. 158. it took its beginning in the Reign of Priam King of Troy, in their solemn Plays of Wrestling, and other Feats of Activity, done in the Court of the said King, before the Greek Wars. But Heraulds were far more ancient than either of these: For among all Nations, ever since any Battle was fought, Heraulds and Officers have been appointed to fee to the ordering of things belonging to Arms, and warlike Discipline; else there would have been nothing but Con­fusion, without Victory.

3. At the first they were certain Knights, called Aunci­entes, such as had served in the Wars 20 Years, at the least, who being sore bruised, lamed, and well stept into Years: Such were by Emperors, and Kings made the Judges of Martial Acts, and of the Laws of Arms.

4. We read that when Iulius Caesar encamped before the City of Carthage, a Debate arose among his Captains, touching the worthyness of their Service upon the Enemy, every Man challenging the chiefest Honour as due to him­self, because he had merited the best: Whereat Caesar being greatly astonished, but having pacified this Conten­tion, to prevent the like inconvenience, established the foresaid Office, appointing two old Knights, to whom it was given in charge to oversee each Man's Doing and Be­haviour in the Battle, that upon their Report and Judg­ment, the Emperour or General of the Host might be in­structed how to reward them with Honour: And that from the Sentence of those Knights should no Man appeal, no not to the Senate.

5. From which Constitution and Order then begun, have our Officers, called Heraulds, by imitation, drawn their Function and Authority: They were by the Romans called Feciales, (a fedore faciendo) from their making of Leagues; and Cadu [...]ea [...]ores, from their carrying of Rods or Wands, made of the branches of Palm, or Olive, writhen about with two Serpents; like to that of Mercury, whom the Poets feign to be the Messenger, the Herauld and Interpreter of the Gods: Whose Rod is called Cadu­ceus. The Greeks call them Ceryces, and Ireno-phylaces, Guardians and Sequestrators of Peace; taken from the effect and issue of their Charge, which was to appease Dif­ferences by the way of Mildness, and to appoint Nations and Kingdoms Enemies, before they should proceed to handy strokes.

[Page 2]6. By the ancient Ga [...]ls and Britains they were called Bards and Druids, who also carried their Caducean Rods, to shew that those sacred Heraulds or Ambassadors, were the Interpreters of their Princes Will and Pleasure. The English and French call them Heraulds, anciently Her­hault, Herold, Hyraud, &c. Which Stow in his Annals, pag. 12. derives them from Heroes, Noble-men; such as excel in Vertues, Demy or Half-Gods: because to them was committed the office of making Peace, and proclaim­ing of Wars. And as Vpton saith, they gave counsel without peril, for the which they were of all Estates had in Honour and Worship, their Persons were inviolable and sacred; to them no outrage ought to be done, neither any violence by words or deeds: Nay anciently they were held so sacred and reverend in account, that none was constitu­ted thereunto, but such as were gentle born, and Free-men.

The Office of Heraulds.

7. TO the Office of an Herauld is requisite the skill of many Faculties, and Professions of Literature; they ought to be well known in several Languages and Tongues, to be of a mild and gentle Spirit, thereby to de­liver either the Soveraigns peaceful Congratulations to Foreign Princes being at amity with him, or else the dreadful defiances and indictions of War, to those which do offer cause of Hostility; in which he is to shew Cou­rage and Magnanimity.

8. They are to be expert and knowing in Martial Acts, and of the Laws of Arms, as in Conquests, Fields, Bat­tles, Assaults, Roads, Combates, Tilts and Tournays, Encounters, Recountrings, Rescues, Challenges and Tri­umphs. They are to be present, as Judges, to assist the Earl-Marshal, and to be diligent in the observation of all actions of Nobleness; to record and register the merits of the Gentle, and Vertuous: As also to brand with infamy the disloyalty of Traitors.

9. They are to be well skilled both in the Laws of the Countrey and the Civil Laws; for that within the body of those great Volumns, lies scattered the Principles and Ru­diments of the Laws Martial. Likewise it is most necessary that he be well read in the Books of Holy Writ, for the Office of a Judg, and a Herauld, do of all others come nearest to the Office and Ministration of a Priest.

10. And as to the Laws, so they ought to be well learn­ed in History, to have the knowledg and antiquities of Nations and People: To see strange Countries, and to read the History of the World, to know the needful Forms and Ceremonies of Coronations of Kings and Princes, Creations of Noble-men, the Orders and Dubbing of Knights, making of Esquires: And in Royal Progresses and Triumphs, Princely Marriages, and Christianings; to know the difference of Robes pertaining to the Orders of Regality.

11. They ought to be exquisite in the noble art of Bla­zon, Painting and Limning: For the better ordering of Arms for such as the Prince shall enoble for their Vertue. As also to know the Nature, Property, and Condition of Birds, Beasts, and Creatures irrational, both on the Land, and in the Water: The vertue of Plants, Trees, Herbs, and Flowers: The Constellations of Heaven, with the courses and operations of the Stars and Planets. And from Heaven to descend into the bowels of the Earth, there to apprehend the nature of Mettals, Minerals, and precious Stones; by whose intermixture they may learn the com­position of Colours, which are all necessary for emblazon­ing of such Arms according to Art.

12. They are to be expert in the Marshalling and So­lemnities of Mournings, and Funerals of the Nobles and Gentry; And for that end they ought to be skilful in the Coats of Arms, the Pedigrees, and Tribes of the Gentry within their Provinces; taking great care that one Gentle­man do not bear the Coat of others: Lest thereby scandal do arise, and effusion of Blood do persue. Therefore a­bove all, they are (for that purpose) to be well known in old Deeds, Charters, Manuscripts, &c. the perfect read­ing thereof is requisite to find out hidden Antiquities, and to clear many doubts and scruples.

13. In a word, the Reader may herein perceive that the study of all Arts, Sciences, and Faculties, as well di­vine, as profane, noble, as ignoble, from the Scepter to the Spade, are to be known, and do all concur in the ad­vancing the skill of Herauldry, to make an absolute and compleat accomplished Herauld, or King at Arms.

14. But alas! now a-days (saith my Author, Theat. 35.) this noble Science is so corrupt, and out of order; every office being bought and sold, that such as hold the places of Heraulds, are as ignorant and clownish as if they had ne­ver seen any thing: But are so impertinent and unskilful in the noble art of Blazon, and Painting, that they know not how to devise an honourable Arms for a Prince, or great Lord. For every Painter, Tricker, or a meer Bla­zoner of Arms, will not serve to make such an Officer; but that Man is an absolute Herauld, in whom is found the skill of many Faculties, and Profession of Sciences, and good Literature, and likewise the knowledg of War: Nay he ought to be such a Man as hath skill and knowledg in every thing. In as much as there is nothing but it is born in Arms, or comprehended in this Art or Skill of He­rauldry.

The Colledg of Heraulds.

15. THE Office of Herauld began to be respectively known, as also to be in great Honour and Au­thority, under the Raign of King Henry the Third of England, whose Court was more magnificent and full of splendour than any King of England before him: In the 50th year of whose Government (as Spe [...]man in his Glos­sary informeth) there was then set up a School of Heraulds, consisting of Kings at Arms, Heraulds, and Pursevants; which in succeeding Ages were thus distinguished.

  • I. Garter, Principal King of Arms, instituted and created with that Term or Title by Henry the First King of England; whose office it is to attend the Solemnities of the Knights of the Garter, the Processions of great Estates, and to martial the Funerals of the greater Nobility, as of Princes, Dukes, Marquesses, Earls, Viscounts and Barons.
  • II. Clarencieux, Ksng of Arms for the South-side the River Trent, stiled anciently South-Roy, but by King Edword the Fourth created by the name of Clarencieux King of Arms, which before was only an Herauld. His proper office is to be at the ordering of great Estates, and to martial and dispose the Funerals of the lesser Nobility, as Baronet, Banneret, Knights, Esquires, and Gentlemen through the Realm, on the South-side the River Trent.
  • [Page 3]III. Norroy, or anciently North-Roy, whose office is the same to Clarencieux, for the North-side of the River Trent.

Heraulds of Arms.

16. BEsides the three Kings of Arms, there are six He­raulds at this day, whose Names and Offices, are,

  • I. Win [...]sor-Herauld, which Title was instituted about the 38th year of King Edward the Third, when he was in France.
  • II. Chester-Herauld, instituted in the time of Edward the Third, King of England.
  • III. Richmond-Herauld, came first to be instituted by King Edward the Fourth.
  • IV. Somerset-Herauld, instituted by King Henry the Eighth, about that time when he created his Son Henry Fitz-Roy, Duke of Somerset.
  • V. York-Herauld, instituted by King Edwar [...] the Third, in honour of his Son which he created Duke of York.
  • VI. Lancaster-Herauld, instituted by Edward the Third, when he created his other Son Duke of Lancaster.

These inferior Heraulds have no Provinces assigned them, as the Kings of Heraulds; not any priority in their places, but are superior one to the other, according to the time and antiquity of their Creation. Whose office it is to be Ministers, and Helpers of the Kings of Arms in their office.

17. These are all the present Heraulds, though in elder times we read of several others: As,

  • Guyon-Herauld, instituted by King Edward the First, and continued to the end of Edward the Third: And so Le [...] ­pard-Herauld of Normandy. Agencourt-Herauld, created by Henry the Fifth, in memory of the great victory he obtained against the French in those parts.
  • Ireland-Herauld, which was by King Edward the Sixth changed into the Title of Vlster-Herauld, or King of Arms for Ireland.

18. Lion-Herauld, or King of Arms for Scotland, these Heraulds pertained to the Kings, and in their several Pro­vinces, were stiled Kings of Arms: But besides these there were other Heraulds belonging to the Nobility, for Dukes, and Earls especially, who had their names from the Duke they belonged unto: As Moubray Duke of Norfolk, stiled hss Herauld Moubray. Humphrey Duke of Glocester, and Richard Duke of Glocester, called them Glocester-Heraulds. And so the Earl of Pembrook, Pembrook-Herauld. Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk, Suffolk-Herauld: And Marleon his Pursevant. The Earl of Northumberland, Northumber­land-Herauld: And Esperance his Pursevant. So Art [...]ur Plantaginet, Viscount Lisley, Lisley-Pursevant And Ba­ron Hastings, Hasting-Pursevant.

But our Heraulds now being incorporated into a body, and made a Colledg by King Richard the Third, by Charter, under the great Seal of England, they have swal­lowed up all these inferior and domestick Heraulds, as I may term them.

Pursevants of Arms.

19. WIth the three Kings, and six Heraulds, there is joined four Marshals, Messengers, or Pur­sevants of Arms: And are Ministers to them in matters of Herauldry, in the execution of their Places: Which are these.

  • I. Rouge-Cross, the first of all for antiquity, and is stiled so from the Red Cross, born by St. George, Patron Saint of England.
  • II. Blew-Mantle, Pursevant of Arms, so stiled by King Edward the Third, in honour of the French Coat which he assumed, which Mantle was blew.
  • III. Rouge-Dragon, so stiled from the Coat of King Henry the Seventh, which was supported by a Red Dragon; which Title he instituted.
  • IV. Porculleis, instituted also by Henry the Seventh; which was a Symbol, Badg, or Cognizence used by him.

20. Besides these, in the Raign of several Princes, there were Pursevants of other Stiles, but time wore them away to the four above-said. As,

  • Faulcon, Pursevant of Arms in Edward the 4th, and Henry the 5th, and 6th's time.
  • Antelope Pursevants, in Edw. 4. Hen. 5. and 6.
  • Wallingford Pursevants, in Edw. 4. Hen. 5. and 6.
  • Cadran Pursevants, in Edw. 4. Hen. 5. and 6.
  • Roseblanch, Pursevant to the Duke of York; with se­veral others, which I forbear to name, as being nothing to my design.

If any desire a fuller relation of the Herauld's antiquity, and office; let them peruse these following Authors.

  • Accidence of Armory, pag. 40, 41, 42.
  • Glory of Generosity, pag. 151, 152, 153, 158, 159.
  • Theatre of Honour and Knighthood, lib. 1. cap. 4.
  • Spelman's Glossary, in verbo Heraldus, fol. 278, 279, 280.
  • Cowell's Interpreter, in the Word Herauld.
  • Poli [...]or Virgil, lib. 19.
  • Lupanus, lib. 1. de Magist. Francorum, cap. Heraldi.
  • Gwillam's Display of Heraul [...]ry, fol. 13.
  • Lord Cook's Institution of Iurisdictiod of Courts, fol. 126.

Fees belonging to Heraulds.

21. HEraulds are Houshold Servants to Kings, and Princes; in which respect they have their Robes, with an yearly Pention allowed them out of the Kings Ex­chequer, according to their qualities, which is all mention­ed in their several Patents of creation, viz. Garter Prin­cipal King of Arms, 40 l. per Annum: Clarencieux, and Norroy, Kings of Arms 20 l. each. Six Heraulds, 13 l. 6 s. 8 d. apiece. Four Pursevants amongst them all 93 l. 6 s. 8 d.

22. At the King and Queens Coronations, at the So­lemnities of their Marriages; or Princes and Princesses, at the Baptizing of their Children, and also at their Obse­quies, and Funerals; they generally have among them the Cloaks and Chaperons, the Cloathes they wear, the Ca­nopies of Estate, the Cup the King drinketh in; the Childs Mantle, Swath-bands, Warming-Pan, Cloth of State, Pillows, Bason and Ewer: The mourning Velvet-Pall over the Corps, the Hangings of Velvet, or Cloth, in the Rooms, Chappels, or Churches; all which doth amount to a vast Sum. Also at the foresaid Solemnities, pertaining to Joy, the Heraulds have a right three several times to cry Largesse, and throw Medols, or pieces of Gold, and Silver amongst the People, which is some benefit to them.

[Page 4]23. Also at the Creation of Noble-men, either of a Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, or Baron, there is a Fee either of 5, 10, 15, or 20 Pounds, due to the Heraulds, for taking their Names, Sir-names, Qualities; blazoning their Arms, and assigning them Supporters: Which is set down, and depicted in the Book of Nobility. And at the creation of a Baronet, making a Banneret, and dubbing of Knight, a Fee of 20 or 40 Shillings falls to their share; for which they record them amongst the number of such wor­thy and honourable Persons, with the blazoning of his Arms, and vertuous qualities.

24. Also at the installing or admitance of any new Of­ficer into the King's Houshold, at their entrance into the same, the Heraulds have a certain Fee, according to the quality of the Person, and Office. And if the King please to enoble any Person; or that inferior Men, by their Ver­tue, Learning, Valour, or any Industry, do attain to Ho­nour or Magestracy; then a Fee accordingly of 10 or 20 l. is payable to them, for confirmation or granting such Coats of Arms, and regestring them amongst the Gentry of that Shire, or Province, he or they live in.

25. But the Kings of Arms their principal Fees are those of the visitations of their Provinces; that is once in 20 or 30 years at the most, they ride through their part of the Kingdom assigned to them; where (in certain places most convenient) they summon in all the Gentry, as Baronets, Knights, Esquires, Gentlemen, and Free-holders, (or any whom he pleaseth to call before him) there to give an ac­count unto them of their Family, Matches, Issues, Coats of Arms belonging to them, and their Title, as Esquire, Knight, &c. all which is registred or recorded, in a Book called the Visitation-Book for such and such a County, ta­ken at such a time. For which regestring, traveling Ex­pences, and entertaining all his Visiters, the Kings of Arms, and his Marshal, demands from every Gentleman, 25 s. an Esquire, 35 s. a Knight or Baronet, 55 s. All which being summed up through the Kingdom, will amount to such a value, as may sustain them, with good husbandry, till the next Visitation; but that is seldom twice in one King at Arms's life-time.

26. Also at the death of every Gentleman, who was in­terr'd with Funeral Escochions, or with Trophies of Honour, according to his degree; then the Heraulds had a Fee, be­sides their Blacks, and travelling Expences, of 12 d. a Mile: Which Fees were anciently 20 s. for a Knight or Lady, 13 s. 4 d. an Esquire, 6 s. 8 d. a Gentleman, 5 s. a Gen­tlewoman, and 3 s. 4 d. a Citizen in Office, who was not a Gentleman of Blood, but enobled by his Office and Place in the Corporation. Which said Sums the Heraulds received from the Heirs of the Defunct, or his Executors; for which said Fees, the Heraulds are to take a Certificate (under their hands) of the time of the Persons Decease, place of his Burial, his Age, who he married, and when, what Issue he had, and the Coat of Arms of his Family; and to enter the same in a Book of Record, for benefit of Posterity: Called the Certificate-Book, for such a part, or County, of the Province.

27. But the Lords Commissioners, for regulating of the Court-Marshal, and for the better support and mainte­nance of the Heraulds, did in the year 1618, order a lar­ger Fee for them, as a Gentleman, 3 l. 6 s. 8 d. an Esquire, 6 l. 13. s. 4 d. a Knight, or Lady 10 l. a Baronet and a Banneret, 13 l. 6 s. 8 d. of every Baron and Baroness, 25 l. of every Bishop 25 l. of every Viscount and Viscountess, 30 l. of every Earl and Countess, 35 l. of every Marquess and Marchioness, 40 l. of every Duke and Dutchess, 45 l. and of every Arch-Bishop, 45 l. which Sums were after­wards taken of by the Parliament, in the year 1640, as an oppression of the Gentry, and Subjects of En [...]land; the Heraulds now being content with their ancient Fees, with what more addition they can get, and what the nobleness of the Gentry, as a free Gift, are willing to pay.

28. There were also, in former time, when Combates, Tilts, and Tournayments were in use; and upon all Mar­shal, and warlike Affairs, certain Fees due to the Heraulds: But as they are ceased, so the Fees are lost with them. However, in short, take them as my Author delivers them, Theat. lib. 1. cap. 4. fol. 33. In the days of Tournays and Combates, the Combatants stood obliged to give to the Heraulds all that fell to the Ground, and all that was car­ried between the two Lists, during the Combate, (except the Book whereon the Challengers and Defendants took their Oaths); after the Combate is ended, the Victor is to give a Largesse, that is to say, casts the Herauld a Crown, or more in Gold, or Silver: Also all the Arms and Orna­ments of the vanquished, belong to the Officers of Arms, and the Lists likewise, with the Chairs, and the Cup wherein the Combatants drink to each other, with Horse, Armour, Arms, Plumes, Bards, Chaufrains, Caparisons, and other Ornaments of War: And whatsoever is desired to be redeemed, by either party, is to pay the Herauld the just value of them.

See more of this Subject concerning Heraulds, of their Name, Antiquity, Creation, Number, Office, Colledg, Priviledges and Fees: In these Authors,

  • Thomas Gore, in his Catalogue of all the Authors both in Latine, French, Italian, Spanish, German, and English, which have written of Heraulds and their Office, chap. 2.
  • Elias Ashmole, of the Institution, Laws and Ceremonies, of the Knights of the Garter, chap. 8. sect. 4.
  • Edw. Bishe, in his Notes upon Nich. Vpton, p. 28, 29, 30.
  • Tho. Blount, his Glossographia, or Dictionary of hard Words, in the Word [Herauld.]
  • Edw. Chamberloin, in the second part of the present State of England.
  • Sir Edward Cook, in the fourth part of his Institutions, chap. 17.
  • Edmund Plowden, his Comments, or Reports, fol. 12. b.
  • Iames Salter, in Cal [...]ope's Cabinet opened, p. 48.
  • Iohn Stow, his Annals of England, fol. 11, 12, and 584.
  • Iohn Weever, his Funeral Monuments, fol. 661, to 688.
  • Matthew Carter, in his Analysis of Heraulds, p. 131, &c.
  • Andrew Favine, in his Theatre of Honour and Knight­hood, lib. 1. cap. 4.
  • Thomas Mills, de nobilitate politica vel civili, fol. 154▪ 155, 156.

With many more quoted by these Authors.

TO THE MAYOR, RECORDER, and JUSTICES; THE Sheriffs, Aldermen, Gentry, and Counsel, with the rest of the Citizens: OF THE Honourable and Loyal City of CHESTER. WHen the whole Kingdom was on Fire, through an home-bred War, and each took up Arms for the defence of his Place, and Person; altho tender Age made me uncapa­ble of that Action: Yet then it was my study to follow my Predecessors in that way which tend­ed to Marshal (as well as Civil) Discipline, viz. Arms, and Herauldry. Whose Endeavours (as a lover of, and a Free-born Citizen) I do humbly present to all the Loyal, True-hearted, Inhabitants; with my Prayers for the prosperous and flourishing Estate thereof: Whose Servant in all things I am. R. H.

CHAP. II.

A Shield, or Buckler, is an offensive (in some sence) and defensive Arms; by which we dint and blunt the edg of our Enemies Sword, and keep our Bodies from Blows and Wounds.

Names of Shields.

2. THE Latines gave several Denominations to Tar­gets, Shields and Bucklers, according to their use; as,

  • Albosia, Shields or Targets.
  • Clypeus, a Shield, Target, or Buckler, used by the Footmen only: So termed from its painting and engraving.
  • Scutum, is also a Target or Shield, used especially for an Horseman.
  • Ancile, a Shield without Corners.
  • Pelta, a Target, or Buckler, like an half-moon, used by Footmen.
  • Cetra, is a light Target, whereof the Poet maketh men­tion: Levam cetra tegit.
  • Parma, is also a Target, or Buckler, which Footmen use.

But the English give the name Target (or Tergate, as some write it) from the British word Tarian; and the French Thiros which as Pausanius saith, is the Buckler in use amongst the old Gauls.

3. An Escochion is the form or representation of a Shield, and is so called from the Latin word Scutum, which hath the same signification: Also the Target is not unaptly deduced from the word, T [...]rgus, a Beast Hide, whereof at first Shields were made, or covered; upon which in after Ages, every Warrier had a device drawn by which he might be known, and this he called his Coat of Arms.

Shields of what anciently made.

4. Shields, or Bucklers, at first were made of Osi­ers, or Twigs woven together, and then covered: Sometimes they were made of Wood, or the large Scales of Beasts, or Fish, as of the Rhinoceros, the Tortois, and such like. But they most commonly were made of raw Oxe Hides, or pieces of Leather doubled, (as Ovid saith); for Ajax had a seven-fold Buckler, and that Achilles had one was ten, and that done over with Brass besides: As also elsewhere he describes a Target, duo taurea terga; they were made of two Oxe Hides. Whereupon Pliny saith, Tergus ad scuta galeasque imp [...]netrabile, an impe­netrable Hide fit to make a Shield. And the Poet Statius saith, Caesis clypos vestire juventis, that with Bullocks Hides they clad their Shields. The Carthagenians were wont to make their Targets of beaten Gold.

The several sorts of Shields of Arms.

5. IT is a common Saying, in relation to our first Pa­rents, in the contempt of Shields, Arms, and Gen­try: That

When Adam Digged, and Eye Span,
Who was then the Gentleman?

Albeit there doth from thence arise no degrees of Gentry, and Noble-Blood, or Coat-Armour, as our Armourists, Ferne and Gwilliam set [...] forth, viz. from the Sp [...]de and Spindle: Yet from thence we may gather the Antiquity, the Forms and Fashions of Shields and Targets; which was the first degree, and from whence Nobility did arise.

I. Adam's Spade then we must set down for the first and most ancient form of a Shield, whose bottom sheweth the making of an Escochion, being a Fosile.

II. Eve's Spindle, being the form of a Fusil, is the se­cond sort of Shield, by which mankind is generally saved, and preserved from the furious strokes of Frost, Snow, and cold Winds. Now, as these two plead antiquity above all others, so they continue to this day for the same defence, and without which neither Prince nor People can be in safety. For saith Solomon, Eccles. 5.8. & Prov. 31.19, 21, 22, 23. The King is maintained by the Spade; and the Spindle pricureth the Womans honour: Perhaps to denote that Mans Atchievements is to be gained in the Field, be­cause he was formed there; and the Honour of Woman to be at Home, she being formed in Paradice.

III. But those Shields pertaining to War, this third Fi­gure is presented to us for the ancientest fashion; of which the Poets make mention in this wise: King Phocus had three Daughters, Medusa, Stena, and Euriale. Neptune God of the Sea, committed Adultery with Medusa in the Temple of Minerva; who in revenge thereof turned the Adulteress into an ugly monsterous shape, and her golden Hair into loathsom Serpents: Minerva yet seeking farther revenge, sought by all means how she might take away this Monsters life, gave a Christal Shield to her Lieutenant Perseus, the Paladian Knight, wherewith when he had slain the horrible Gorgon Medusa, consecrated the same Shield to the Goddess Pallas. This Shield (the very pat­tern whereof is presented to your Eye) was taken out of the City of Troy, about the Year of the World 1774, and before the Birth of Christ 1189 years.

This Goddess Pallas, taught to the Libians all things ap­pertaining to War: So that I take her to be the Goddess of Herauldry and Arms.

IV. This is by some Authors supposed (nay set down) to be the true form of Minerva's Shield which she gave to Perseus: But whether so or not, I will not dispute it, how­ever they may be taken one for the other, as having a near resemblance.

V. It is written of one Asterial, the Father of Olibion, who made a Target or Shield for his Son, when he war­red against the cursed Seed of Ham, who greatly troubled them, this Shield was made of an Olive-tree after this form, two corners above his Face, and one to the ground­ward, in token that he was the chief of the Blood of the three Sons of Noah: This Shield was used some hundreds of years after the Deluge.

VI. This is the form of the Shield used by the People that now inhabit Mesopotamia, otherwise of the French­men called Dier-bechias: They of old have used this fa­shion of Shields, which (is thought) was from the Trojans. It was brought into England, by the Ancestors of us Eng­lish-men, when they came out of Germany into Britain; which was about the year of our Lord 450, as Verstegan, in his Book of Antiquities, pag. 117. maketh mention: These People were descended of Gomar, whose Posterity used it as in the Figure before.

VII. This is a kind of Target used by the Catelines, whose Leader was that worthy Captain Catulus that sub­dued the Cimbrians, which was 10 years before the Birth of Christ: This noble man reproved Silla, for killing of a 1000 Prisoners (when he had given them their Lives in the Battle); saying with whom shall we live, if in War we kill the armed, and in Peace the unarmed: The People of the Isle of Sardinia used Shields of this fashion, who hardned them so by art, that they were impenetrable by Sword or Lance.

VIII. The round fashioned Shield, we read of in Holy Scripture, 1 King. 10.16, 17. that King Solomon caused to be made 300 of beaten Gold; 600 Shekels of Gold ment to the making of one Target: Which Targets or Shields were taken away from Ierusalem in the first year of Rehoboam, by Shishak King of Egypt, when he took the City of David; instead of which Shields King Rehobiam made Shields of Brass, 1 King. 14.25, 26, 27. The old Bri­tains used Shields after this form, and was of them called Parma, (quia a m [...]io in omnes partes [...]it par) being equal in all parts from its Center, like a Buckler.

King David furnished a Tower with a 1000 of them, and depicted the Arms and Devices of Princes on them; as Sir Iohn Ferne testifieth, in Lac. n [...]bil. pag. 76. which round form, is in Blazon called a Roundset, which is a mark of better Dignity than some take it to be.

IX. Shields of this fashion were used by the People inha­biting the Isle of Sardinia, called Sardalaries: This People did, by art, so harden their Shields (which were made of the wood of Saunders) that they could neither be cut with Swords, nor pierced with any Spea [...] or Lance what­soever.

X. This is that kind of Shield, which belonged to the most renowned Prince, Edward Prince of Wales; whose Tomb is in the goodly Cathedral Church of Canter [...]u [...]y, (as saith Mr. Bolton in his Elements of Armory, pag. 67.) there (with his quilted Coat-Armour, with its half-Sleeves, tabered fashion, and his triangular Shield, both of them painted with the Royal Arms of England) hangs this kind of Pavis or Target, curiously emboss'd, and painted with the Escocheon of the Arms of England in the midst there­of, which I omit and only give you the bare shape and form of the Shield of this victorious Black-Prince, for so was he commonly called: He died 1376.

XI. This is also another kind of Shield, used by the aforesaid Sardinians, spoken of in the ninth form of Shields.

XII. This kind of Shield was used by the Ancestors of the aforesaid Edward the Black-Prince; as Will [...]am the Conqueror, William Rufus, and Stephen Kings of Eng­land, as our Chronoligers and Antiquaries testify, who lived in and about the years 1066, and 1200, it may be called an Oval-Escochion Shield.

I find the Description of another such-like Shield as this, in Speed's Chron. fol. 455. only it was not so round at the [Page]

[figure]

[Page 8] top, but flat and then comes with a turning instead of the two Corners: It was much used about King Henry the Second's dayes, Anno 1175.

XIII. This Shield was used by that valiant Captain An­tonius, a brown man of colour, and very hardy, and of an undaunted Spirit; who married the famous Cleopatra that Royal Queen of Egypt. Amongst other of his victo­ries he took the King of Armenia, and tyed him in bands and fetters of Silver. He lived about the year of the worlds Creation 3900.

XIIII. This Shield hath a near resemblence to the pre­sident before, which was used by Antonius. Shields of this fashion were in use in Asia and the Eastern parts of the world; But when or where my Author is silent.

XV. This Shield may pass for a Couzen removed to the two next figures of Shields followi [...]g it, Being likewise (as is by some Authors) supposed to be another kind of Shield used by the Coribants. For it may not be thought, that all the People of one Kingdom had all their Shields and Bucklers alike, but that there may be some variation; as we may see by theirs in the Roman Empire.

Note, Here the Engraver hath omitted the figures 16, and 17. so that I must begin the next form of Shields at 18.

XVIII. This is a form of Shield which is near 3999 years since it was first used; for Iasius who was King of Italy, had a Son that succeeded him called Coribant, he called his People after his own name Coribants, who used these kind of Shields with two Darts; and by the strength of their Arms would cast them very violently.

XIX. This form of Shield was used by the Cimbrians, Ambrians, and the Teutons, which came to inhabite the west parts of Italy. Iustus Lipsius hath delivered it upon his credit, that this is the true Portraicture of those kind of Shields: And besides this his Testimony, we do find upon the ancient Roman Monies this Impression of a Gim­brian Pavis or Target; which shape answers Virgil's De­scription of the Gallick's Shields, in this his three quarter verse,

—Scutis protecti corpora longis.

XX. The Romans used their Shields in the form of O­vals, much after this manner; and the Inhabitants of China, do display their tokens of Honour and Arms, in Shields or Escochions, made after this manner; as Marcus Velserus, a learned and principal Gentleman of Auspurg hath declared for an absolute Truth. The like hath one Iosephus Acasta diligently noted, that the Nobility and Gentry of Mexico and Peru, ha [...]e their Arms in Escochi­ons after the form of an Oval [...] which gives us to under­stand that the Shields heretofore used by them, were after the same fashion.

XXI. The Romans in their Barriers, and Plays, had Shields and Bucklers after this form: As Iustus Lipsius, in his Saturnalium Sermonum, l [...]b. 2. cap. 4. relateth, and is there by figures (in Copper Cuts) expressed.

XXII. This form of Shield, as Authors say, was used at the Siege of Troy, by the Trojan Horsemen that then were clad all in Mail-Coats, having one of these Targets fixed before their Breasts somewhat toward the left Shoul­der. In the Raign of Numa King of the Romans, there fell a Shield out of the Air, which is said to be a Shield without Corners, so that I cannot discern (saith Leigh, pag. 20.) but it might be after this form and fashion.

XXIII. This form of Shield, I find by some Writers to be used by the aforesaid Trojans; and also by the Ro­mans in their Saturnal Sports: As I. Lipsius, lib. 2. cap. 21. describeth them.

XXIV. This form of Target is much between the two former, and was given me by an Acquaintance, a lover of Herauldry; but no time mentioned by him when, or by what kind of People used.

XXV. This form of Shield appertained to Iohn of Gaunt, the King of Castile; and Lion Duke of Lancaster, &c. who was third Brother to the most victorious Edward the Black-Prince, eldest Son to King Edward the Third.

This honourable Shield hangs at the Tomb of the said Duke, in St. Paul's in London, (as Dugdale's History of St. Paul's testifieth, fol. 90.) and Mr. Boltin in his Elements of Armory, pag. 68. where 'tis very exactly drawn out for the benefit of future Ages.

XXVI. This form of Shield is far different from any of the former, and was found engraven in the Column of Antonius, at Rome; which Column was raised long before Constantine the Great was born, which is now near 1378 years: Which shews it to be of great antiquity and stand­ing. Iustus Lipsius (as saith Mr. Bolton, pag. 148.) think­eth that the Souldier which beared this Shield was a Cap­tain, and Commander of a Legion, being made out of two parts: And his reason was, because an Eagle display'd having two Heads was figured upon the same, signifying that two parts of Eagles seemed (as it were) to be joined in one entire Body; or two broken Legions made into one.

XXVII. This was the fashion of the Shield, depicted by the Saxon's God of Battle, named Woden; who was whilst he lived, a most valiant and victorious Prince, and Cap­tain of the ancient Teutonicks, inhabiting a part of Germa­ny; who after his Death erected his Image in honour of him, which like to other Heathenish People they adored as a God, and our fourth day of the Week, they called by his name Wodens-day, now Wednesday, dedicating it to his Service; (as Verstegan, pag. 72. relateth) which by com­putation of time is above 1800 years since.

XXVIII. This is the Shield of Osyris, otherwise named Iupiter King of Egypt, which for antiquity is not inferiour to any; for this Osyris lived not many years after Noah's Flood, in whose time this kind of Target, and the other following were invented, (as my Author Diodorus Siculus tells) which is from this time near 3800 years.

XXIX. This was the shape of the Shield of that valiant Souldier Anubis, Son of Osyris, sirnamed Iupiter the Iust, of the Off-spring of Ham the cursed Son of Noah: Which said Osyris (as the aforesaid Author saith) being plentiful of Children, and by reason of the Curse fallen upon his Fa­ther, was banished from the blessed Tents of Shem and Ia­phat, and constrained to win himself and Children a dwel­ling place, in which War this form of Target was used, on which were painted signs and figures of Birds, Fish, and Beasts, or what the bearer pleased, and thought best to fit his Estate and Condition: Which signs were after called Arms. This form of Target by ancient Bla­zoners was called a Sarcote, but upon what grounds I know not.

XXX. In the time of Numa Pampilius this form of Shield was used, (the Story take thus) in his time there hap­pened a contagious Sickness amongst the R [...]mans, which no Sacrifice could remove; and at that time there fell a cer­tain [Page 9] brazen Target, or Escochion (called in Latin Aenea pelta, or Ancile, big at both ends (after this form) and cut like a half Moon on both sides) from Heaven into Numa's Hand, with a certain Voice, promising all Health to Rome so long as they could keep that safe, &c. Read the far­ther prosecution of the Story in Goodwin's Antiquities of Rome.

XXXI. This Shield is in fashion like those used by the Greeks at the Siege of Troy; and was also in after Ages used by them, and among the Morisco Horsemen: Which is born by them in such sort that it is a good defence for their Bodies, for it guardeth the Breast, and left Side, with the Head and Shoulders, which generally lies most open to the assaults of an Enemy.

XXXII. This is another fashion of the Morisco Targets, and is for likeness as the aforesaid, only this difference, that being a kind of a half round, this flat or straight.

XXXIII. This is said to be the Roman Souldier's Foot­men's Shield (as some give it forth) but I rather take them to be the Shields of the Knights Templers: And so I have seen several of their Monuments with Shields of this man­ner of form on their Arm, and before their Breast, bending as it were half round. See Weever's Funeral Monuments [...]or the Diocess of London.

XXXIII.* Though Shields were at first used by Horse­men, yet since their first Invention, they have been much used by Footmen, which were made of a longer size, than Horsemen could well manage; for short ones were best for them, and long for Footmen: Which did contain near six foot long, and two foot in breadth. For the largeness of these kind of Shields, we have many Examples in ancient Histories; for Sir Iohn Froysart, who writ of the great Bat­tle of Poicture, fought by the Flower of Chivalry, Edward, sirnamed the Black-Prince, who commanded the Body of the Lord Richard Duras should be laid on a Shield or Tar­get, and that five Men might bear the same to the Cardi­nal of Peregorth for a Present, &c. And in the latter end of the Raign of King Edward the Third, the Frenchmen to save themselves from the liberal Shot of the English Ar­chers, had Shields made of Elme-wood seven foot in length, and three in breadth, and an Inch in thickness, which were made sharp at the point to pitch into the Ground. Yet Mr. Bolton is of Judgment that the Shields there spoken of, were of the shape and fashion of the 10th Figure in the Copper Plate, before shewed. But for the largeness of Shields several Histories make mention (as witnesseth that of Alexander the Great) for his Shield was so great, that it served him instead of a Boat, to carry him over a great River, when he went against the puissant King Poru [...].

XXXIV. This form of Shield I found drawn in an old Manuscript, written about 200 years since, but by whom it was used or first invented, I find nothing: Yet (in my Author's Judgment) it is not inferiour to any for the defence of the whole Body, either being on Horse-back or on Foot; for the top is (like the Bever of an Helmet) with holes through, to see how to offend an Enemy, or defend his own Body: Likewise the bottom is so contrived, that the Bearer may either set his Foot forward or backward to his best advantage, and yet be a sure guard and defence for those parts.

XXXV. And XXXVI. These were Shields used by the ancient Romans, and were first invented (as Iust. Lipsius, l. 1. c. 8. and others believe) for their exercise in their Sa­turnal Sports and Plays; and after used for defence against their Enemies, both in Battles, single-Deuels, and Com­bates: The latter whereof they took much delight in, ne­ver accounting him a Man worthy of Honour, 'till he had vanquished or slain one in single Combate.

XXXVII. This is also another fashion of a Target, used by the aforesaid Romans, and is described to us by I. Lipsi­us, l. 1. c. 8. in his Saturnalium Sermonum, with Figures also of them engraven on Copper Plates: Beside him, if any one desire further satisfaction herein, and of their Laws, Sports, and Exercises in Feats of Arms, with their divers sorts of Weapons: They may peruse the Book entituled, The History of the Roman Customs.

XXXVIII. This sort of Shield was of no small account amongst the Romans, whereas it hath a rebatement on the one side of it, so was it their use and custom to rebate it (ac­cording as the Warrier was either right or left handed) on that side as was most suitable thereunto, and this they did only by altering of the Handle, and Arm-stay, on the back­side of it; as is seen in the 63d and 61st Figures on the Plate belonging to this Chapter.

XXXIX. This form of Shield, is of the Latin [...]s called Tesserae, and at this day (using the French Term) we call the same a Lozenge, which Word (of Latin) doth signify any thing four-square, being born with the two sharpest points, one above, and another beneath: But this fashion of Shield was long agoe out of all use in Wars, because of the unfitness of its service, it being the least and worst of all Shields, for a Souldier's use, either to offend his Enemy, or defend himself.

Therefore it is set a-part, and allowed only for Maids, Heir-trixes, Co-Heirs, and Widdows; also to Women de­scended of Noble-Blood, that on them they may set forth the Arms and Ensigns of the Houses they proceeded from: Women being a Sex unfit for War or Battle, of whom we shall speak more hereafter.

XL. This is the fashion of the Chinense's Shield, being a long square; with which, a Dart, and Curtle-Axe, they hold themselves well armed: And this is used altogether in the whole Empire of China.

XLI. This form of Shield is used by the People of, and about, the Friggid Zone; called the Ice-land and Lap-land People: And beside that for the defence of the Body, a­gainst the shot of the Enemies Arrows (for in those places Shooting is altogather in use) they served also for other pur­poses; for they are made after such a manner, that they will transport the Bearer over a River, Pond, or any other place of Water.

XLII. This form of Shield, I find was used by some of those Roman Legion Souldiers, which lived in the time of King Herod, who under the Roman Empire, exercised power and authority over Iudea, and the unbelieving Jews, whom God cast off to the hardness of their own Hearts: This Herod lived in the time of our Saviour's being upon Earth. And also in the first Persecution of the Church of Christ, in his Members the Apostles and Disciples, which is from this time, near 1680 years.

XLIII. This is the form of the Shield used by the Indi­ans and Moores, a rude and barbarous People on the bor­ders of Asia and Africa; and is to this day used by them, they being as yet but little acquainted with the Gun: Their fighting is with Swords, Darts and Arrows. This kind of Shield is four-square, but made after such a manner, that it turns half round, as if it were a defence only for the Breast, and no more.

[Page 10]On Squares, especially in quartered Coats of a Family, we of the western parts of the World, do depict or paint our Coats of Arms.

XLIV. This is another sort of Shield, I am informed doth belong to the Indians; and especially to him that is of any authority among them, as being their Head or su­pream Governour. Whether this be so I dare not averr; but this sufficient Authors affirm, that the Amazonian Wo­men, in imitation of Diana, the Goddess, or Patroness of Women, were armed with Moon-like Shields, and were buried under Lozenge Monuments.

XLV. This is a form of Shield used by the Inhabi­tants of the Island of Iapan, in America, as Historians do inform.

XLVI. This is the shape and fashion of the Shields used by the Inhab [...]tants of the West-Indies, or Guinny-Islands.

XLVII. This form of Shield (as I was informed) be lon [...]ed to the Knights-Templers; but the truth thereof I will not verify: Because I have seen Monuments of Knights-Templers, whose Shields are much after the man­ner of the English Foot-men's, described in the Plate, un­der the two 33 Figures; only this difference, that the Knights-Templers were half round, and the English and French Shields were straight.

These three foregoing Targets were shewed me by a Traveller, and a gather of Rareties, who lived near Fox-Hall, over against Westminster in South-warck; (with ano­ther Shield like to the 31st Figure in the Plate) which he said was also another form of Shield belonging to the Knights-Templers. But by his favour, in this, I shall not take his Word.

XLVIII. This kind of Shield, I find fixed on the Monu­ment of Mahomet the great Emperour of Turkey, who was the greatest Scourge to Christendom of all that had been before him; for he subdued Mentesia, Pera, Peleponesus, and Castria, wone Constantinople, overcame Cra [...]a, took O [...]r [...]n [...]o, and so going against the Caranianian King, died: To whose Memory, they of his Empire erected a Monu­ment, by whose Side this kind of Shield was placed, (with a great Battle-Axe in his Hand) having thereon the Arms of his said Empire: Which was done in the year 1481. But whether this was a Shield used by him, or the fancy of the Workman, I leave others to judge.

XLIX. This is also the Shield of Tamberlain Emperour of T [...]rtaria, called the Wrath of God, and Terrour of the World: He overthrew, and took Prisoner, Ba [...]azet, the Great Emperour of the S [...]razens and Turks, whose Army con­sisted of 100000 Men, and shut him up in an Iron Cage. He also conquered Mesopotamia, Babylon, and the King­dom of Persia. He died, as some affirm, in the year 1402. After whose death his Statue was erected, with this Shield by his left Side, and a Trunchion in his right Hand. But (as to the former Shield) so to this, a question may be made, whether such an one was used by him, or only the Invention of the Cutter? If so, then the shapes and forms of Shields, Targets, and Bucklers, would be as many as Ca [...]vers, Stone-cutters, Engravers, and Painters please: the variety whereof it is imposs [...]ble to describe, neither is it my intention, but only give such forms as have been in use by People and Nations, as they have been delivered to us by good Authors, and Men of credit.

L. This represents the form of Shields for Footmen, be­fore described, Numb. 33. * save this hath an oval-like hollowness, or vacancy on the right side of it; through which, I suppose, the Archer had a liberty to send forth his Arrow, or Souldier to manage his Spear: These were used by the ancient Saxons in their Wars near 1000 years since.

LI. This form of Shield, I had out of Mr. Morgan's Sphere of the Gentry, l. 3. fol. 54. which he tells me is a form of Pelta, or a Shield gathered out of old and decay­ed Monuments: Et laeva Ancile gerabat, according to Vir­gil's Aen. lib. 9.

LII. This (as the French Armorist informs me) was a kind of Target used by the ancient Romans: But this I take to be a Workman's device, as well as many others, which were never really in use for War.

LIII. Mr. Dugdale in his Description of Warwick-shire, fol. 434. gives me the form of this Shield, which was taken from a Monument, in a Glass-Window, in the Church of Compton-Murdack, with these Arms, Gules besantee a Canton Ermin: Which Glass-Window shews great antiquity, even to the time of Edward the third, above 300 years old.

LIV. This is the form of the Shield of the Earl of Flan­ders, as is described by Peter Balthazar, in the Lives and Genealogies of the Earls of Flanders, fol. 67. where he sets down the Effigies (with this shape of Shield) belonging to Baldwin de Bonnaire, the seventh Earl, who lived about the year 1006.

LV. This is a form of Target, which is set forth by a French Armourist, to be the Shield of Sir Bruor le Noir, one of the Knights of the Round-Table, to King Arthur of Britain, above 1100 years since.

[figure]

To the aforesaid fifty five, may be added these two, which I took out of Sir Iohn Fern's Glory of Generosity, p. 154, 155. which he presents there as an ancient form of a Shield.

[figure]

This (by old Heraulds) was termed a Tabard, a kind of Shield resembling or re­presenting a Garment, which in old times was worn of the Female Sex: And in that form of Shield it was thought fit that Wo­men should have their Coats of Arms de­picted.

And here I shall conclude the forms and fashions of Shields, with the advice of Sir Iohn Ferne, in his Lacies Nobility, p. 76. (though Leigh makes but 9 fashions, and I have produced 57.) Yet I am not so wedded to that opi­nion as to think there is no more, for there is no Kingdom, People, or Country, but they have their several forms and fashions: So that for 57 we may reckon up fifty times fifty seven; for as Men have altered in their civil Apparel or Vestures, so have they in all Ages, as phantastically, in their forms of Shields, Targets, Bucklers, and Esco­chions.

6. These foresaid Shields, or the most of them, which were used by the private Souldiers, were generally plain, without any Work or Embossments, till by their Swords they had meritted some Honour, whereby they were ad­vanced to higher places; then had they devices, and [...] ­kens of Honour bestowed upon them by their Soveraign [Page 11] the General, or his Vice-Roy: Which token they bore on their Shields, as a reward of their adventurous and noble Acts, which being continued by their Successors; at length became Hereditary.

7. Notwithstanding I have seen Shields of that form and make, as have by Plates, Studds, Embossments, with o­ther curious sorts of Workmanship made upon them, both in Steel and Brass, as hath made them look very lovely in the Beholder's Eyes; as the examples shewed by these fol­lowing Figures in the Plate.

LVI. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

LVII. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

LVIII. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

LIX. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

LX. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

LXI. All which doth manifest, how Shields (which had no Device, or Coat of Arms de­picted on them) were adorned in former time.

How Shields were used for a Souldiers Defence.

8. EVery Shield had upon the back-side of it a double buckled Leather, through which they put the Arm and the Hand, which kept it stedfast to the Arm; and so, through the active use of the Shoulder and Elbow, it was managed too and fro according to pleasure: Those Shields or Targets which had double stays for the Arm and Hand were for Horse-men; but such as had only one [...]andle were Bucklers for Foot-men. As the Figures doth mani­fest.

LXII. Foot-men's Bucklers with one Handle.

LXIV. Foot-men's Bucklers with one Handle.

LXIII. Horsemen's Shields with two Stays:

LXV. Horsemen's Shields with two Stays:

And these Shields and Bucklers thus supported, were by the Bearers thereof so managed, that by the skill and dex­terity of the Souldier, he was able to ward and defend his whole Body from all the Blows of his Enemy. Blows be­ing over it was cast upon the Back, where it hung by a Lea­ther Girdle.

Of the Colours of Shields.

9. THey were for the most part of one Colour (if they were plain); and the reason thereof was, that till some Feats of Chivalry were performed, Devices were not to be put thereon: And that they were before that time of one Colour is apparent from ancient History. For King Solomon made 200 Targets of beaten Gold; and that 600 Shekels of Gold went to one Target: And also that he made 300 Shields of beaten Gold, and that three pound of Gold went to each Shield, 1 King. 10.16, 17. These were Scuta, Escochions, or Targets for Horse-men; and the latter Pelta, or Bucklers for Foot-men: As Boswell in his Armory of Ho­nour, pag. 19. explains it.

10. Alexander the Great (as Iustin writeth) in a certain triumphant Journey of his, bestowed Shields of white Plate upon his Souldiers. In the Prophecy of Nahum, amongst the Books of Holy Scripture, it is said, Nah. 2.3. that The Shields of the Mighty are become Red. And our Saxon Ancestors used to cover their Shields with tann'd Hides, which are generally of reddish Colour.

11. We find also that the Grecians used Russet Shields; the People of Lucania, in Italy, had their Shields wrought of Osiers or Twiggs, and covered over with Leather. It was the manner of the Scythians, Medes, and Persians, to have their Shields of red Colour, to the end that the effu­sion of their Blood should not easily be discovered (when they received any Wound) either to the discouragment of themselves, or animating of their Enemies. Moreover, they used Scarlet, and red Colours in their Military Gar­ments, and Shields, to the end they might thereby strike the greater terrour and astonishment into the Hearts of their Enemies.

12. I find in a Note worthy of credit among the Arms of several Nobles and Gentlemen that attended on King Henry the First (in his expedition that he made into the parts of Scotland, to the Siege of Kalaverock) that one Eumenius de la Brect, did bear in his Shield only Gules.

To bear nothing in a Shield is now accounted dishonour­able, though the Heraulds of old were esteemed ingenious that gave the Field Sable to Gown-men; the Field Gules to them in favour, rich, and honourable: The Field Argent to Divines and Innocent Persons. So the plainer the Coat, the nearest Antiquity; the simpler the form, the more gentile the Person.

13. Yet after Ages conceived it convenient, by outward marks, signs or tokens, to be set on Shields, thereby not only to distinguish the Bearers thereof as well one from a­nother, but also to denote the Honour and Quality of the Person bearing it.

14. Our ancient Britains (besides other their Ensigns) had their Shields painted Blew: Perhaps (and as some do conjecture) because the Isle is invironed with the like co­loured Ocean. So were the Shields of the German Ar [...]i (as witnesseth Cornelius Tacitus) painted Black.

15. And that this general way of bearing Shields of one Colour, was not only to the Souldiers, but we r [...]ad of se­veral chief Commanders, who had their Shields of one Colour, not putting any Device thereon, till by their Va­lour they had merited the same.

16. The King of Portugal (as saith Andreas Rescendius) wore nothing at first but a white Flag, till by reason of a Victory obtained against five Morisco Kings, the five Es­cochions Azure were by King Alphonso added. So that Auristamb, that was so much admired by the French, was but of one colour, a square red Syndon Banner, which was thought to have been sent from Heaven, to lead the French Hoast: As the Shield at Rome, for staying of the Plague.

17. Likewise the Arms of Ara [...]on, as they were said to be long since, was only a Field Or: Not charged with four Pallets as now it is blazoned, which happened at such time as one of the Kings thereof dipped his Fingers in the Blood of a new slain Sarazen. (Or as others say) Lewis the Emperour, in the Wounds of Conde de Barcelona, fighting on his part against the Normans, ennobled that yel­low Standard, by drawing upon it those bloody marks which now it hath.

18. So we read of Helenor, described by Virgil, to wear a white Shield, till he had atchieved some honourable Note to put upon it. So Agripas had his Banner of an Azure Colour, being given him for a symbolical Argu­ment of Manhood, shewed at Sea. So also was the Ban­ner of Navarr all Red, and (as it is said) continued so till Sanchez le Fort King thereof, who added those golden Or­naments which now do shine therein. Also Simon the [Page 12] High-Priest of the Iews, sent with Numenius a Shield of great value to the Romans, to confirm the League of Friendship between them, which contained 1000 pound in weight. It may be probably conjectured that there was no Portraicture thereon, in that there is no mention of it.

19. Also all the Seiges of Tamberlain the Great, he ne­ver used any Flags but of White or Red; but these we must not take to be Coats of Arms, but Flags of Truce, or Signs of bloody War: Neither can a plain Field be called a Coat of Arms, without extream abuse of Speech; more than a plain piece of Wax, a Seal; or a Sheet of unwritten Paper, a Letter. But we must hold such things (as them of one colour) as Plato did of his Abrase Ta­bles, to be fit and capable of any Form: And till the re­ceiving of such Forms, we must account them as rude and improprious things.

The Significations of the Colours used in Arms.

20. THE Signification, and Names by which each Colour is distinguished, is first by Mettle or Co­lour; the second by precious Stones: And thirdly, by Ce­lestial Planets, as the Examples following will demon­strate.

LXVI. Is the colour White, which is termed in Blazon Argent; derived from the Latin Word Argentum, Sil­ver: And by the precious Stone, is understood by Pearl: And by the Planet, Luna. The colour White, resem­bleth the Light, and is by Scribonius thus defined, Albedo est color simplex, &c. White is a simple colour, and sub­ject to every stain, except great care be taken of those that wear or bear the same; for in Blazoning it betokeneth In­nocency, Cleanness of Life, and Chastity.

LXVII. Is the colour Red, and is termed Gules: By the precious Stone, Ruby: And by the Planet, Mars. This colour Vermilion, or Red, is the chief amongst colours, forasmuch as it representeth the Fire, which of all other Elements is the most lightsome, and approacheth nearest to the quality of the Sun: In regard whereof it was order­ed, that none should bear this colour but Persons of noble Birth and Rank, and Men of special Desert; for it signi­fyeth Dignity.

LXVIII. Is the colour Blew, and is termed Azure: By the precious Stone, Saphire: And by the Planet, Iu­piter. This colour Blew doth represent the Sky in a clear Sun-shining Day, when all Clouds are exiled. Iob speak­ing to the busy Searchers of God's Misteries, saith, Iob 11.17. That then shall the residue of their Lives, be as clear as the Noon-day. Which to the Judgment of Men (through the pureness of the Air) is of an Azure colour, or light Blew: And signifyeth Piety, and Sincerity.

LXIX. Is the colour Black, and is termed in Blazon by the Word, Sable; and is derived of the Latin Word Sabulum, which signifieth gross Sand, or Gravel, in re­spect of its heavy and earthy substance: The Blazon by precious Stones, is Diamond: And the Planet, Saturn. This colour Black, is contrary to White, having no par­ticipation with Light: And is by Scribonius thus defined, Nigrido est color in corpore, &c. For what thing soever there is, that hath either Life, Light, or Heat, if the same be once extinct, the thing it self forthwith becometh Black. This is said to be the colour of Horrour and Destruction; in which respect Mourning Garments are made of this co­lour, which signifieth and represents to us the horrour of Death and Corruption: As also Counsel and Antiquity.

LXX. Is the colour Green, and is termed by the Word, Uert, of Veridis; which signifies fresh and Green: By the precious Stone Emyrald: And the Planet, Venus. This colour Green, consisteth of Yellow and Blew, and is the first and principal of those mixt colours used in Herauldry. Which colour Gwilliam Terms, Colores medii, not being colours of themselves, but mixt of two Simples. It sig­nifieth Felicity and Pleasure.

LXXI. Is the colour Purpure, or Purple, and is termed in Blazon, Purpure: By the precious Stone, Amethist: And by the Planet, Mercury. The Purple colour is ano­ther mixt colour, and consisteth of much red, and a small quantity of black. Cassaneus saith, that these six colours White, Black, Red, Yellow, Blew and Green; being compounded and mixt together according to art and pro­portion, doth make a good Purple colour. This colour is by Ferne termed Plumby, (but this, and the two colours next nominated, being Murrey or Sanguine, and Tawny; are not in use in English Coats, but much used by the Dutch and French Gentry) it is, and in ancient time was, of that precious esteem, that none but Kings and Princes, and their Favourites, might be admitted to wear the same: As we may see, Dan. 5.16. 1 Mac. 10.20. For it signifieth Ho­nour and Dignity.

21. Sanguine or Murrey ▪ is a colour termed in Blazon, Sanguine: By the precious Stone, Sard [...]nyx: And the Star, Dragons Tail. It is a colour compounded of Red and Blew, a Princely colour, in high esteem amongst Men of great degree; and by some old Heraulds is termed Synamer. (As Sir I. Ferne, Glo. 147. saith) But being a colour not in use with us in England, I forbear to put it in the Plate.

22. Tawny or Orange colour, is in Blazon termed, Tenne: by the precious Stone, Iacynthe: And by the Star, Dragons Head. This is a colour of worship (and is in Glo. 147.) termed by some old Heraulds, Bruske: Being compounded of two bright colours, viz. much Yellow, and a little Red. This colour is much in use by the Dutch and German People, but being out of use with us, I do not set it down in the Plate.

LXXII. Is the colour Yellow, or Gold colour, and is termed by the Mettle, Or; derived from the Latin word Aur [...]m, Gold: By the precious Stone, Topaze: And the Planet, Sol. Because this excellent Mettle doth represent the colour of the glorious Sun; the possession thereof (as the Wiseman saith, Eccl. 20.29.) inchanteth the Heart of Fools, and blindeth the Eyes of the Wise. And therefore such is the worthyness of this colour, which doth resemble Gold, that (as Christine de Price saith) none ought to bear the same in Arms, but Emperours and Kings, and such as be of the Blood-Royal: Though now it is of more common use.

23. These are the colours (being six in number) whereof Fields ought to be made; but as for the Charges in the Fields, their colours may be sixty times six: For every thing that is born in a Coat of Arms, may be figured out in its proper and natural colour, which may be many and di­vers. And because for them we are allowed no terms of Blazon, therefore they are all comprehended under this word, Proper: As painted in its natural and proper co­lour.

Colours derived from them used in Herauldry.

From Yellow.

24. YEllow, or a perfect bright Yellow.

Gold Yellow is a deeper Yellow.

Fire colour, or Flame colour, a more reddish Yellow.

Lemon colour, is a more pale Yellow.

Box or Straw colour, a weak or imperfect Yellow.

Brimstone colour, a whitish and pale Yellow.

Bright-bay or Pheasant colour, a deep reddish Yellow.

Colours derived from White.

25. WHite, or the most perfect Snow White.

Ivory White.

Silver colour,

Milk White, a blewish White.

Hoary colour, or white-haired, a mixture of White and Black.

Ash colour, more blackish than White.

Grey, or Crane colour.

Russet.

Colours derived from Red.

26. RED, a pure bright Red.

Scarlet, a Vermilion Red.

Crimson or Stamell.

Carnation or Rose colour.

Flesh or Horse-flesh colour.

Bay colour, a colour of a Horse, being a reddish brown.

Fox colour, more Red than Yellow.

Orenge colour, red Ortment colour.

Bole colour, or Brick colour.

Clay colour.

Colours derived from Blew.

27. BLew, or a bright Blew.

Sky colour, or a light welmish Blew.

Watchet colour, a more light whitish Blew.

Sea-water Blew, or a waterish Blew.

Marble colour.

A Venice or Blunket colour Blew.

Colours derived from Green.

28. GReen, or Grass-Green.

Pine-Leaf Green.

Willow Green, or Willow colour, a whitish Green.

Sea-water-Green.

Venice-Green.

Popinjay-Green.

Pink-Green, a Green inclining to a Yellow.

Watchet-Green, a light colour between Green and Blew.

Colours derived from Black.

29. BLack, or Ivory-Black.

Jet-black, or a shining Velvet-black.

Ibony, black as Pitch, Satin-black.

Iron colour, or Iron-Grey.

Buck colour, between a Russet and Black.

Deep-Russet.

Rats colour.

Turky colour.

Silver Rabet colour.

Colours derived from Purple.

30. PVrple or Murrey, Blush colour, lighter.

Violet colour, more lighter.

Peach colour, a more light bright coloured Violet.

Bruse or Bruise colour, of Black, Blew and Yellow.

Motley colour, any mixt colours.

Gredeline, pale Peach.

Isabella.

Colours derived from Sanguine.

31. SAnguine, or a blood Red.

Rudy colour.

Deep Red.

Dragons blood colour.

Swart, or Swarvy Red.

Saffron colour.

Synaper, or Lake colour.

Colours derived from Tawny.

32. TAwny, or Swarthy colour, a blackish Yellow.

Hair colour.

Dun colour.

Mouse colour.

Chesnut colour.

Fallow or Dear colour.

Swart, Swarvy or Tawny-moor colour.

Lion colour.

Bay Copper colour, a deep yellowish Red.

33. The signification of the bearing of these aforesaid Mettles and Colours, and how the Bearers Mind should be endowed with Vertue, according to the colours of his Coat; I refer you to Leigh's Accidence of Armory, pag. 3. to 13. and Gwilliam's Display of Herauldry, f. 18. to 22. As also the Etemologies or Significations of the compositions and joinings of Mettles and Colours one with another.

Of the Worthiness of Colours.

34. IN the bearing of Arms, there are sundry degrees of the Worthyness thereof, and they are all of the Superlative Degree; As followeth,

  • 1. Most Ancient.
  • 2. Most Glittering.
  • 3. Most Rich.
  • 4. Most Fair.
  • 5. Most Glorious.
  • 6. Most Honourable.
  • 7. Most Lovely.
  • 8. Most Delightsome.

35. Now you shall understand, that that Field and Charge which consisteth of Black and White, that Coat is most Ancient: Because Light and Darkness, represented by White and Black, are the most ancient Colours of all others, and therefore are accounted more worthy than any in respect of their Antiquity.

[Page 14]36. When the Field and Charge is Gold and Green, it is esteemed most Glittering, taken from a Saying, in Eccl. 10.19. As the Smaradge that is set in Gold; so is the mirth of Musick, by the mirth of Wine. By which com­parison, you may see that Uert and Gold is very spright­ful, glittering and lively.

37. When the Field and Charge is Gold and Black, that Coat is esteemed most Rich; taken from the Dia­mond set in Gold, where the Mettle honoureth the Stone (which is black) and the Stone the Mettle; both which enricheth each other: So that these colours of all other are the most Richest.

38. When the Field and Charge is White and Red, that is of all colours accounted most Fair and Beautiful; because the same is so held, especially being well mixt in a Womans Face.

39. When the Field and Charge is Gold and Blew, it is most Glorious; for what is more transcendent in brightness and glory (within this visible World) than the shining Sun, in the Azury Firmament.

40. When the Field and Charge is Gold and Red, that Coat is esteemed most Honourable, or most Royal; as an Imperial Majesty, being dect in Scarlet, and adorned with the purest Gold of Op [...]ire.

41. When the Field and Charge is White and Blew, that is most Lovely: because when Aurora's Morning Cur­tains are dipt within that changeable Die, that day is most pleasant, lovely, and admired by the beholders.

42. When the Field and Charge is White and Green, that Coat is accounted ever most Delightsome; and that especially when Hyems hath cast away his Furr'd Gown, and Lady Ver begins to deck the Fields and Trees, with Leaves and Flowers: O then! How delightsome is it to see, and smell the same, when the Earth is of such a Hue.

43. I do confess, in one thing herein named, I do vary from Leigh, who terms Black and White most Fair, which I hold most Ancient: And I'le leave it to any Persons Judgment (for the Reasons therein said) whether is the most agreeable to Truth and Reason.

Of the Points of an Escochion.

44. BEfore you enter into the Rules of Blazoning, you must be informed what is an Escochion: And how many several Points are therein contained. For that end, view the 73d Example in the Plate of this Chap­ter.

LXXIII. An Escochion is a triangular form, having two corners above, and one below; the Ancients did usually make it three corner'd, with a little swelling out of the Sides, much like the 5th Figure: But our Modern He­raulds draw it streight down in the Sides, and then com­pass it to a Point in the bottom, like the 6th Figure: Or else more round, as the 33d *, and 50th Figures in the Plate.

45. For the several points of the Escochion, I have by Letters set in the parts thereof, expressed the names given to each place. As,

  • A, Signifieth the Dexter Chief Point.
  • B, Signifieth the Precise middle Chief Point, or Chief Point.
  • C, Signifieth the Sinister Chief Point.
  • D, Signifieth the Fesse Point, or Honour Point.
  • E, Signifieth the Dexter Base Point.
  • F, Signifieth the Exact middle Base Point, termed the Base Point.
  • G, Signifieth the Sinister Base Point.

46. The knowledg of these Points is very requisite, in respect, that when diverse of these Points are occupied, with sundry things of divers kinds and different natures (as oft-times it falleth out in some Escochions, and Coats of Arms) then you may be able thereby to assign unto each Charge, its apt Point, and peculiar Name, according to the dignity of his Place: For no Man can perfectly blazon any such Coat, unless he do rightly understand the parti­cular Points of the Escochion.

A E, Signifieth the Dexter Side of the Escochion.

C G, Signifieth the Sinister Side of the Escochion.

And that is mentioned only when the Charge doth oc­cupy, or is contained in the whole side of the Escochion.

47. Mr. Gwilliam and Leigh makes mention of other Points, which they call the Honour Point, above the Fesse Point: And the Nombril Point, under the Fesse Point. In place whereof, I have set * Stars, but give them no Names, because I hold them needless, and superfluous; and to burden the Memory with that as is of no concernmenment is troublesome. Therefore I have omit­ted them, holding no Point more deserving the Honour Point than the Fesse Point. For I never yet saw that Coat of Arms (let it be of what kind soever) but without the help of those two Points, I could give an intelligible bla­zon to it, so that any Person that is skilled therein, may trick the same exactly and truly.

TO THE Right Reverend Father in God, the Lord Bishop of CHESTER; AND The Reverend the DEAN, WITH THE PREBENDS, and rest of the CLERGY, OF THE Cathedral Church of Christ, and the Blessed Virgin Mary; WITHIN THE Honourable and Loyal City of CHESTER. WHat my Endeavours have been herein, is in all humble manner dedicated to your serious perusal; all that I desire is, that in the reading you will judg candidly, and censure rightly: And then I make no doubt, but when you have done, you will willingly accept of the Labours of the Son of your Church, R. H.

CHAP. III.

IT may be questioned of some, what those Signs and Tokens of Honour (called Arms) were at first com­posed off? To this Mr. Gwilliam's, gives this resolu­tion, fol. 325. and 2.3. that they must of necessity be (signa existentium in rerum natura) a representation of Things in Being and Nature: For it is impossible to repre­sent things which are not.

Arms of what first composed.

2. IF then they consisted of things in Essence, no doubt they were such as the Vulgar (as well as the more Skilfuller sort) did well understand, and knew, through frequent use, what they were: As being the express Por­traictures either of Celestial Bodies, as Sun, Moon, Stars, &c. Or of Things Sublunary, as Fire, Water: Or else Vegetables, as Trees, Plants, Fruit, Herbs and Flowers, &c. Or else they were resemblances of Earthly and Intelligible Creatures, as Men, Beasts, Fowles, creep­ing Things, &c. Or else of Instruments, or Tools of familiar use, and exercise, in Mechanical Trades; which in respect of their common use, were best known to Men: And therefore served most fitly for Notes and Marks of precise differencing of each particular Person from ano­ther.

The Antiquity of Arms.

3. TOuching the Antiquity of Arms, Diodorus Siculus writeth; of which Gwilliam maketh mention, f. 5. That Osyris, sirnamed Iupiter the I [...]st, Son of Ham, the cursed Son of Noah (called of the Gentiles Ianus) who being banished from the Blessed Tents of Shem and Ia­phat, was constrained to seek some remote place to settle Himself and Children in: For which purpose he assembled a great multitude, and appointed Hercules his eldest Son Captain. In which expedition of War, both he Himself, and his three Sons, did paint certain Signs upon their [Page 16] Shields and Bucklers: Which Signs were called Arms. This Osyris, (as saith my Author,) lived not many Years after the Deluge; at which time Arms and Ensigns of Honour were first invented, which is near 3820 years since.

4. And that such Ensigns of Honour were in use in Mo­ses's Time, is evident from the command of God, That every Man of the Children of Israel, should pitch his Camp by his own Standard, with the Ensign of his Fathers House, Numb. 2.2, 9, 16, 17, 24, 31, 34. Here you see we have an uncontroulable Warrant, pronounced by the Almigh­ty, for the use of two sorts of Arms, or Ensigns; the one general, being in number four: These only ordered for the Leading and Directing of these four great Regiments, or Battalia's (as I may call them.) And the other parti­cular, serving for the demonstration of the several Fami­lies; and for the distinction of the particular Persons in each Family, for the more commodious distributing of them into Bands.

5. There are some Authors of opinion, that these Signs and Tokens (which we call Arms) were utterly unknown to the ancient Greeks and Romans, there memory not of old being found within those Nations. And again, others say they were first begun at the Siege of Troy; others affirm that they were brought to light by Charles the Great, and the Lombards: And some are of opinion that they began in the time of Frederick Barbarosa. Some again (that lash out as far on the other side) there are, who are not wanting to affirm, before the Flood, such a King, Prince, or Common-wealth, bore such and such a Shield, or painted Symbol, Elem. p. 10. Insomuch, that I have ever look'd when these kind of Men (who will write any thing) would as readily tell me what Arms, or Badge, Noah's Ark did carry in its Sern: As well as we out of the Acts of the Apo­stles, can inform our selves, Acts 28.11. what name the Ship was known by, that transported St. Paul towards Rome.

6. That the Discipline of Arms was brought to more perfection, in the foresaid Emperor and Frederick's time, than formerly; I do acknowledg: And then more gene­rally propagated and dispersed. According to the Saying of Cassaneus, non erubescat antiquitas, &c. nothing is per­fectly devised at an instant, but it is continued by time, and much labour, and great industry, that brings it to perfection. So doubtless, Arms have been in use both before and after Moses's time, and yet long before the De­struction of Troy: At which Siege it was brought to a cer­tain perfection. And yet more rudely done in those anci­ent times, than now it is in these our Days; and notwith­standing all our endeavours, there is a want in many things, a refining of others, and an expugning of gross Absur­dities.

First Painting of Shields.

7. THE Antiquity of Arms on Shields and Bucklers, we may then derive from the first beginning of Wars, and Field-Battles; for the order of Arms, Fields, and Fightings, were used by the victorious Scythians: And as it appeareth that they were Warriers, so were they also bearers of Arms. Also Iustinian writeth, that Pallas did not only teach the Libians the Law of Arms, but also the Feats of Defence belonging to War.

8. Simiramis, the Wife of Ninus, excelled all others in Chivalry; she brought Ethiopia under her Subjection, and made war in India. Was all this done without En­signs, and Tokens of Honour, without which neither Bat­tle can be fought, nor Men marshalled to the Wars? These things being first devised, for the more commodious di­stribution of Nations and Kingdoms, into Tribes and Fa­milies; into Regiments and Bands: As also for the mar­shalling and conducting them into Marshal Expeditions, and for distinguishing of particular Persons in War, as well amongst themselves, as from their Enemies. For it often falleth out, by reason of like Armour and Wea­pons, &c. (in default of such Signs) that much Treachery is wrought, and many Men (after Battle is ended) do make their Retreat to the Enemies Troops, under the Notion of their own Friends, to the endangering of their Lives.

9. So that it is clear, that without these Marks and To­kens of Arms, there would, nor could, be nothing but confusion; therefore this was the only cause, why such Notes or Distinctions (called Arms) were put in use: For if a Man encountreth us, we do forthwith discover, by the Mark he beareth, whether he be Friend or Enemy. Now in the first assumption of these Signs, every Man did take to himself some kind of Creature, as he thought best fitting and agreeable to his Estate and Condition.

Now as their Institution is not new, but very ancient; so their use was not limited, or restrained to some few particular Kingdoms, Nations, or Countreys: But more largely spread all the World over. Insomuch, that there is no Nation, Countrey, or People so barbarous, but they have their particular Signs, and Tokens where­by they may be distinguished, and distinctly known and discerned from others.

10. That several have thus adorned their Shields, Standards, and Ensigns, is manifest from Homer, Virgil, Pliny, Paulus F [...]nilius, and several other ancient Wri­ters; all which have writ that both Kings, Emperors, and Captains, have in Wars, had Devices and Emblems, painted on their Shields and Standards. Plutarch, in the Life of Merius saith, that the Cimbrians, a wild and bar­barous People, in the Parts of Denmark, Norway, and Almain, had their Shields adorned with the form of di­vers kinds of Savage Beasts. Also Amphiaraus (as Pin­dorus the Thebean Poet saith) had a Dragon painted on his Shield. And Capaneus, one of the seven Captains that besieged Thebes, bore the many headed Hydra. (As Statius the Neopolitan Poet reporteth.) Polynicer, bore a Phynx. Agamemnon, in the Trojan Wars, bore in his Shield a Lion, with this Motto, or Epigram; Terror hic est hominum, & qui hunc gerit est Agamemnon.

11. Vlysses bore a Dolphin, and a Tryphon breathing out Flames of Fire. Perseus bore Madusa's Head. An­tiochus, a Lion with a white Wand. Theseus bore an Oxe. Seleucus bore a Bull. And Augustus, a Phynx. With an infinite more, which to declare would require much time, but I omit them.

12. So of Countreys, Nations, and People in general, it is said, that the Israelites bore in their Standard the Letter Tau. The Scythians a Thunderbolt. The Egyp­tians, an Oxe. The Phrygians, a Swine. The Thraci­ans, Mars the God of War. The Romans, an Eagle. The Persians, a Bow and Arrows. Carali, a Savage Peo­ple of Pontus, bore two Wheels. The ancient Teutonicks, [Page 17] an Horse, &c. These and the like Institutions are not new, but very ancient: For in all these Examples, there is none so young as a thousand Years. But if we ascend to the Worlds younger Age, we shall find them not only of a thousand years Antiquity, but to be Antiquity it self.

Colours of a Coat of Arms.

13. SHields at the first (as you have heard) were of one Colour, but when Devices were put upon them, then more Colours were added, to make the same more compleat; that is to say, the colour of the continent▪ and the colour of the thing contained: The colour of the Field, and the colour of the Partition, the Ordinary, or the Charge of the Field.

14. So that two colours or more, are absolutely neces­sary to the making of a perfect Coat of Arms. Note, But withal, they are to be ordered according to the grounds of Art and Knowledg: For if there be two colours, one must be a Mettle; for no Armories are proper, without one of the two: Neither are they said to be good and honourable bearing. According to that vulgar Saying of all, and used as a Proverb, for a thing done, and wrong done.

Mettle upon Mettle is bad Herauldry,
Colour upon Colour is false Armory.

15. Shields consisting of Colours and Mettles are ho­nourable; and things of the least worth, are worthy bear­ings: With this Rule of Priority, wherein we must ac­count the Female less honourable than the Male; the Ser­vant less than the Master; the Subject than the Prince: And things Sensitive less honourable than the Rational; and the Vegitive than the Sesitive. Yet every thing hath its due Honour, thereby denoting the dignity of the Bearer by the thing born.

16. Though I do confess, contrary to this ground, there are some Coats which plead Antiquity, which have in them Colour upon Colour, and Mettle upon Mettle, and yet are from the Bearers, accounted honourable: But these we shall pass over, and place them in a Rule by themselves, like to Heter clites, or Extravagants, as not tryable by the general Rule, and tract of Armory. And so proceed to the rules of Blazon.

Rules of Blazon, in General.

17. ARms, or Herauldry, doth principally consist in things born, and the terms or expressions used: The first to delineate the shape or proportion, the latter describes it in its proper action. And this is called Blazon or blazoning.

Note, The Definition then of Blazoning, or the Signi­fication of the word Blazon; is, to give to each thing (whether Vegetive, Sensitive, or Intellective) born in Ar­mory, its apt and significant terms, or words of Art, as they are generally used in those Sciences, to which such things do belong, or appertain.

18. It followeth therefore, by due order, that I should here annex such general Rules as are peculiar to Blazon; as for other particular Rules, I shall reserve them for their due and proper places.

  • First, Then in Blazoning, you must use an advised De­liberation, before you enter thereunto; for having once begun, again to recal the same, doth argue an inconsiderate forwardness, which merits a just reprehension.
  • Secondly, The more compendious your Blazon is, by so much the more it is held commendible; for what is brief is alway held to be most delectable. Therefore you must shun multiplicity of Words, yet with this caution, that you omit nothing material to be expressed; for as the one doth eclipse the Understanding, so the other is offen­sive to the Memory. Therefore you must take special heed to words in Blazon, for by either adding or diminish­ing makes the Arms cease to be the same.
  • Thirdly, You must not be too full of Conceits in Bla­zon, nor use Iterations or Repetitions of words in the blazoning of one Coat, as not to name one Colour or Mettle twice; and especially these four Words (of, or, and, with:) for the doubling of any of these, is counted a great Fault, insomuch as the offender herein is deemed unworthy of the name of a good Blazoner.
  • Fourthly, In blazoning you must have a regard of the things that are born in Arms, as also whereunto they may be resembled, whether they be natural, or artificial; and so to give them their due terms accordingly.

Special Rules in Blazon.

19. AFter the general Rules, there is some other espe­cial and particular Rules, which hold forth a greater Observation, than any foregoing, and they are these.

  • First, In the blazoning of any Coat, you must ever remember to begin with the Field, and then proceed to the blazon of the Charge: Moreover, if the Field be oc­cupied with sundry things, whether the same be one or more, or of divers kinds, you must first nominate that as lyeth next, and immediately upon the Field, and then blazon that which is more remote from the same.
  • Secondly, You are to observe in the blazoning of Coats, that to each particular state of Gentry, to give a blazon­ing correspondent to their Degrees: As for Example, to Gentlemen as have no Title of Dignity, as all such who are under the Degree of a Baron; their Coats are to be blazoned by Mettles, and Colours. To Persons ennobled by their Soveraign; such as Barons, Viscounts, Earls, Marquesses, Dukes, and all under the Degree of a Prince; their Coats are to be blazoned by Precious Stones. And to Princes, Kings, Emperours and Monarchs, and all such as exercise Soveraignity; their Coats to be blazoned by the Planets.

The several Ways of Blazon.

20. THere are divers ways of blazoning, but especially three Forms, by which the colours of things are described; and these are first by Mettles and Colours, the second by Precious Stones, the third by Planets: And they are these, with their Significations, and Letters, by which they are expressed or marked, in the Tricks or Draughts of all Coats of Arms.

[Page 18]

Or, O.Topaz, [...]Sol,Yellow.
Argent, A.Pearl, [...]Luna,White.
Gules, G.Ruby, [...]Mars,Red.
Azure, B.Saphire, 🜹Iupiter,Blew.
Sable, S.Diamond, [...]Saturn,Black.
Uert, V.Emerald, [...]Uenus,Green.
Purpure, P.Amethist, 🜂Mercury,Purple.
Tenne, T.Iacynthe, [...]Dragons Head,Tawney.
Sanguine, M.Sardonyx, [...]Dragons Tail,Murrey.

These are the Significations and Names by which each Colour is distinguished: and either by their Letters, or the Characters of the Stones and Planets, may be marked on any tricked Coat.

21. Besides this, there is a certain way by Hetching to signify any Colour or Mettle, as when a Person hath his Coat of Arms engraven upon his Plate, as Cups, Canns, Flagons, Dishes, and such like; by the several ways of Hetching the Field, the Colour or Mettle thereof may be expressed: For Example, if the Field or Charge be Gold, it is spotted all over. As the Plate before mentioned, Lib. 1. chap. 2. Numb. 72. doth demonstrate.

22. If the Field or Charge be Silver, then they are left plain, without any Hetching at all. But this is to be no­ted, if the Plate be gilt Plate, then it is contrary; for the Field and Charge then must be plain, and without Hetch­ing with Pricks, and the Field for Silver to be pricked: They ever occupying the place of one the other, accord­ing to the colour of the Plates engraved upon.

Note, This would be very good if all Goldsmiths, and Engravers of Plate, would observe it; by reason it makes distinction in Coats, which without would be but the same Coat, though belonging to dlfferent Names, and Families.

If the Field or Charge be Red, then they are Hetched with Strokes or Lines, drawn down-right, from the top to the bottom; as in the foresaid Plate, Numb. 67.

If the Field or Charge be Blew, then they are Hetched by Lines drawn right over-thwart the Escochion; as in the Plate, Numb. 68.

If the Field or Charge be Black, then they are expres­sed by a double Hetched Line, the one streight down, and the other by Lines over-cross; as in the foresaid Plate, Numb. 69.

If the Field or Charge be Green, then it is Hetched or Expressed by Lines bendways to the Dexter Side; as Plate, Numb. 70.

If the Field or Charge be Purple, then they are expres­sed quite contrary; that is to say, by Lines Hetched bend­ways, to the bend Sinister; as the Plate, Numb. 71.

And for the rest, not being Colours in use with us, there is no Lines assigned to them: And indeed properly there is no more than four colours in Arms, with British men, which are Gules, Azure, Sable, and Uert: and two Mettles, Or, and Argent.

Of the Honourable Ordinaries.

23. HAving shewed, by several Demonstrations, the manner and ways of Blazon: It now remains, to consider, what the things are that must be blazoned, and they are called Charges.

Now the Charge of a Coat of Arms is that thing whatsoever it be, that doth occupy the Field, and is the same; as, conten [...]um incontente: Whether it be Sensitive or Vegetive, Natural or Artificial, and is placed, either throughout all the Superficies of the Escochion, or else is in some special part of the same.

All Charges, are either Proper or Common, Ordinary or Extraordinary.

24. Those are said to be Proper or Ordinary Charges, in Coats of Arms, which are of ordinary use, and belong to this Art; and therefore are called Ordinaries, they have the Title also of Honourable Ordinaries: In regard the Coat is honoured thereby. Forasmuch as they are oft-times given by Emperors, Kings and Princes, as additions of Ho­nour, to Coats Armour of Persons of merit and descent.

25. Those are said to be Common or Extraordinary, where there is Charges without any of the Ordinaries; or that have Ordinaries between, or charged with (or both) by any other manner of thing alive or dead. Of which we shall treat farther hereafter, lib. 4. chap. 1.

26. As for the Honourable Ordinaries, they are accord­ing to Leigh, nine: But Gwilliam numbers them not, yet by his distribution of them, by Lines, he intimateth as much as if there were five more; to which, upon that ac­count, I may add as many to them as will make up the number twenty: Which are as followeth,

  • 1. The Chief. By Leigh.
  • 2. The Pale. By Leigh.
  • 3. The Bend. By Leigh.
  • 4. The Fesse. By Leigh.
  • 5. The Barr. By Leigh.
  • 6. The Escochion. By Leigh.
  • 7. The Cross. By Leigh.
  • 8. The Salter. By Leigh.
  • 9. The Cheveron. By Leigh.
  • 10. The Giron. By Gwilliam.
  • 11. The Quarter. By Gwilliam.
  • 12. The Pile. By Gwilliam.
  • 13. The Flasques. By Gwilliam.
  • 14. The Tresure. By Gwilliam.
  • 15. The Fret. Added to them.
  • 16. The File. Added to them.
  • 17. The Border. Added to them.
  • 18. The Orle. Added to them.
  • 19. The Inescochion. Added to them.
  • 20. The Canton. Added to them.

[Page 19]27. Some Heraulds, will not admit of several of these for Ordinaries, because they stand oft-times for Diffe­rences: Yet in regard they are as well born for Coats themselves, without any other Charge, as with Charges; makes me take that freedom, as to insert them amongst the rest, for Ordinaries, being in ordinary use in Coat Armour, as well as the rest.

The composing of Ordinaries, according to the several Lines.

28. THE Ordinaries are made, and formed of Lines diversly composed; some single, others double, or three or four-fold: And according to the divers Tracts and Forms, of those said Lines, they do receive a divers Shape and variation of Names. Therefore these Lines must be duely considered, and especially their Proper­ties.

29. Now the Properties of Lines, are either streight, angled, or crooked: Which, because few Heraulds here­tofore have treated thereof, I shall give you particular Demonstrations of those several sorts of Lines, by which the Ordinaries are composed or drawn: As they are in the Plate of this Chapter, under these following Numbers, and Names.

I. Is a Plain Line, which needs not to be named; for all Ordinaries composed, or formed of streight Lines, you must only name the Ordinary, without mentioning the name of the Line whereof the same is made.

II. Is an Angle, this is when the Line of Length is (as it were) cut off in its streightness, by another streight Line, which in the joyning make a perfect Square Angle: Of Artists termed Rect Angled.

III. Is a Bevi [...]e, that is when the long Line is cut off by another Line, which makes an accute or sharp corner­ed Angle; inclining in the Corners to a Triangular form.

IV. Is Escartelee; that is when the streight Line is cut off in the middle, with a perfect Square, into an Or­dinary, or Partition, framed according to an Ordinary.

V. Is Nowy; that is when the streight Line is cut in the middle, by a direct Semy-Circle, or half round: By the French termed Tranchee.

VI. Is a Line Arched or Enarched, and is termed (when both Sides of an Ordinary are answerably bowed) either Archee flected, or flecked: But if only one side of an Ordinary be bowed inward, it is termed Invex, Concave, Champaine, and of some Champion; if the bending be outwards, it is termed Shapourned, or Convexed.

VII. Is termed double Archee, as having two Bends, or Arches: It is also called Nuee, or Undee of the French Heraulds: And sometimes Brettissee, and also In­veckee, and Goaree.

VIII. Is Wavee, or Wavey, or Waved, or Un­de, or Surged; in respect it beareth a representation of the swelling Waves, or Billows of the Sea, which being tossed by the Winds do rise and fall after this manner: Vpton calls it Watery or Undatyd, and Undee.

IX. Is termed Invecked; that is, when a quantity of half rounds, joining together with sharp points or corners, is turned into any of the Ordinaries: The French term it, Nuagee endedans, that is cloudy, or clouded in­wards.

X. Is termed Ingraled; that is when the sharp points turn outward into the Field: As you shall see in the Ex­amples following. The French term it Tranchee en Nuee.

XI. Is termed Nebula; because it hath the represen­tation, or a resemblance of a Cloud: Vpton calls this Invecked.

XII. Is blazoned Battailled, Imbattelled, or Cre­nelle; because it represents the Battlements of a Wall or Tower, from whence it takes its name. The French, and so doth Gwilliam, term it Crenell, from Crene, which in French signifies the Dent, or Notch in the horn of a Bow. By Vpton, it is called Indented. It is by Mr. Morgan, called Brettessed; but the difference of battelling, and brettessing, you will see in Bends of that nature, Chap. 4. Numb. 32, 33. The French blazon it Emmanche, or Creneaux. And Vpton saith, that anciently this was termed Endentee.

XIII. Is in blazon called Battelled-Imbattelled; because it hath one degree of battelling above another: That before being a single Battlement, and this a double one. Of some termed Battelled grady; from the Ascent, Steps, or Degrees on the Battlement.

XIV. This is termed Potente; yet some call it Counter: Potente, and Potence-Counter-Potence. It is by Leigh blazoned, Barmiere, or Meirre. And Uarry Cuppa, And Uerrey Tassa. See Chap. 7. Numb. 8.

XV. Is termed Indented, from its resemblance to the Teeth of a Saw, derived from the Latin Word Dens a Tooth, or Indentura, a certain Deed, or Writing, whose top is indented, or cut into like Teeth. Vpton calls it Racee, or Inrased. And Boswel in his Armory bla­zoneth it, Uiurie, and in another place Dentelie. And Leigh calls it Lentally, pag. 79. The French Emmancee, and Uiuree, and Serrated.

XVI. Is called Dauncette, which is the same to the Indente, secundum quale, but not secundum quantum; for their forms are both one, but in quantity they differ much; for the Indent is smaller than the Dauncette. Also that is said rightly to be Dauncet, that hath both sides of the Charge, one striking into the other: Examples of both and their difference you may see in the Chief, but especially in the Fesse, and Barrs, Chap. 4. Numb. 71, 72.

Note, Also that Dauncett, and Invecking are never used in any partitions of Fields, or parting in Or­dinaries; but for them is used Ingraling and Indent­ing: Also Dauncette differs from Indented, by reason it consists but of three Teeth only (never more, but may have one less) whereas the Indented hath many Teeth.

XVII. Is termed Patee, or Dovetail, from a term of Art used by the Joyners, who make Joints one into the other by that Name. It is by Mr. M [...]rgan in his Sphere of Gentry, blazoned Inclave, and Lambauxed or Labelled; because the points as they proceed from the Ordinary represent the points or ends of Labels.

XVIII. Is blazoned Urdee, and of some Champion, Champaine, or else Uarriated: As Leigh, pag. 79. and Ferne, pag. 200. terms it; or Creni [...]le Points pointed, and Imbattled christed. Vpton calls it Uerree. There is another kind of Line with the bend­ings round, which he terms Invectee Uerre.

XIX. Is termed Rasie, or Rayed; in regard it hath a resemblance to the Rays of the Sun, which shooteth [Page 20]

[figure]

[Page 21] out like the warbling of a Flame of Fire, or the Light of a Candle: Of the French termed Flamant, or Flame­ing.

These are the forms of Lines by which Ordinaries are composed: I shall now shew you how the Ordinaries them­selves are made by them.

Of the Chief.

30. A Chief is that which by the striking of any one of the said several forms of Lines on the top part of the Escochion, and by reason of that partition or division, taketh away the third part of the same, make­ing it another Colour: As for Example.

XX. He beareth Argent, a Chief Azure, born by Hasselwell: The Chief saith Leigh and Gwilliam, contain­eth in depth the full third part of the Field; which may in some cases be augmented or diminished a little from this Rule, but in no case divided into halves. If it be not charged either in the Field or Chief, then saith Morgan lib. 1. fol. 9. It is termed Per Chief, but if either be charged, then it is blazoned, only a Chief. Vpton calls it a Head.

Parted per Chief, G. and O. born by C [...]moyse:

O. a Chief G. by the Name of Lumley.

B. a Chief A. born by Monstrell: and by Hasselwood.

B. the like O. by Beaufre [...]l: Also by Lufres.

O. the like B. by Lisours, and Staunton.

S. a Chief A. by P [...]nlay.

☞ This Ordinary, and all others, being made of a streight Line, needs no naming of it (as before is said) but if it were composed of any other Line but this, then you must mention the form of the Line whereof the same Ordinary is composed, be it Chief, Bend, Fesse, Cheveron, &c. Saying such a thing either Invecked, Engraled, Wavey, and the like: As in the Examples following.

XXI. He beareth Gules, a Chief angled Argent, born by the Name of C [...]rn [...]. This is of some termed a Chief Bevile, but it cannot properly be so termed in regard that Bevile is not rect Angled, b [...]t cornered eskue, as in the next: Therefore this is most properly termed a Chief rect Angled.

XXII. He beareth Argent, a Chief Bevile Vert, by the Name of Beverley.

XXIII. He beareth Gules, a Chief cooped Argent, born by the Name of Cheeflet: Also Van Ruesdorf of Bavaria, beareth S. such a Chief A. The French term this a Chief recoursie, but it is more properly blazoned cooped; be­ing that nothing but the ends are taken away, which is a cooping of it.

XXIV. He beareth Argent, a Chief cooped Bevil­wise, Gules, by the Name of Doucker.

XXV. He beareth Azure, a Chief Escartelee, Argent: Some blazon this Coat, He beareth in a Field Azure, one Imbattlement in a Chief, Or. But if the Imbattlement or Crenell had proceeded from the Chief, it would be best blazoned; as in the next Ex­ample.

XXVI. He beareth Argent, a Chief with one Im­battlement Gules: For Imbattelling ought, and must, proceed from the Ordinary, and not run into it. As you may see by this and the foresaid Coat. This is born by the Name of Hingley. And such a Chief A. in a Field G. is quartered by Van Lauterbach of Bavaria.

XXVII. He beareth Purpure, a Chief Inclave Ar­gent. Before I told you from Gwilliam, fol. 64. that a Chief could not be devided, which is contrary to some; others hold it may: and that it may go through any Partition. Otherwise this may be blazoned Azure, two Cantons Argent; born by the Name of Cantonell.

XXVIII. He beareth Or, a Chief Arched Vert; else a Chief Flected, from the Latin word Flecto, to bend or bow a thing: Or a Chief Champion, or Cham­paine: But more properly a Chief Convex: Or after others convexed in the lower side.

XXIX. He beareth Or, a Chief with one Indent Sable. This I find is a Coat of no small Antiquity, which I found in an old Book in the Herauld's Office; and is thus blazoned, a Chief with a sharp point Sable, in a Field Or: Using the French manner of blazon, in name­ing the contained before the continent. Which manner of blazoning is counted by our Heraulds most preposte­rous.

XXX. He beareth Argent, a Chief with one Potee Azure: Or a Chief Inclave, saith Morg [...]n, fol. 8.10. Which cannot properly be, seeing the Inclave goeth through the Partition; as he gives it in another Example, using the term from Clavis, a Key: Which (saith he) goeth into the Partition, as a Key into a Lock. But in my Judgment, it is best blazoned a Chief with one Lam­beaux, or one Labell. It is born by the Name of Maschant, or Beltoft.

XXXI. He beareth Gules, a Chief Invecked Or: By the Name of V [...]laynger. Cassaneus holdeth, that where the Chief is of one Colour, or Mettle, or more▪ you shall blazon the Chief first: But it is more consonant to reason to begin with the Field, because of the priority thereof in nature, as also in respect it is the continent, the Chief the thing contained.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, a Chief Ingented Vert. Here you may see the difference between the In­veck, and the Indent: The first ever hath the Points in the Ordinary Invecked, and the other hath its Points coming into the Field In [...]ed. By the Name of Grindley.

G. such a Chief O. born by Hava [...]den.

XXXIII. He beareth Purpure, a Chief Wavey Argent: Or a Chief Undee. By the Name of Waterhead.

XXXIV. He beareth Or, a Chief Nowy Gules: Of the French called a Chief Tranchee. Born by Caster ap Nowell.

XXXV. He beareth Or, a Chief double Arched Sable: This is also blazoned a Chief double Flected. And by the French a Chief Nuee; and a Chief of one Indent: And of some others a Chief Goared, or a Goare in Chief. This is a French Coat, born by the Name of Fitz Lesours.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Chief Imbattled, or Crenelle Azure. By the Name of Monstrell.

G. the like B. born by Ryncester.

☞ Here you may observe, that if an Ordinary have its Line in the form of a Battlement, it is called Imbattled, and if both sides of the Ordinary be of that form, it is termed Connter-Imbattled: Which may be in the Pale, Bend, Fesse, Cheveron, Salter and Cross, but not in the Chief.

[Page 22]XXXVII. He beareth Gules, a Chief Potence Ar­gent: Of some termed a Chief Counter-potent: And of Leigh called a Chief Bar-Miere. By the Name of Lamoy of Cripleton.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Chief Champaine Vert: Of some Heraulds, a Chief Urdee; and that I judg the best term for it, from his Name who beareth it: Vrder of Vrder. Yet others are of an Opinion, that this is no other than an Imbattlement rebated in its Cor­ners.

XXXIX. He beareth Purpure, a Chief Indented Or. By the Name of Dentale, or Dentalson.

O. a Chief Indented B. born by Bottiler; or Butler.

G. the like A. born by Barett; and also by Sarcester.

B. the like O. born by Dunham.

XL. He beareth Argent, a Chief Nebulee Azure. Some term this Argent, in Chief, a Clond Proper.

Per Chief Nebulae G. and O. by the Name of Fancy.

This is also born by Van Ratzen.

☞ Which said last blazoning, saith my Author, if you term it per Chief; then you must name the chief co­lour or mettle first.

XLI. He beareth Or, a Chief rasie Sable: This is a fit Emblem for Wickedness, which though it florish, and have a golden Field, yet in the middle of their day the light of the Sun goeth down upon them, Amos 8.9.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Chief Patee Vert, or Dovetailed: By the Name of Dowdale.

A. a Rose G. and such a Chief B. is born by Watson.

XLIII. He beareth Sable, a Chief Or, in the nether part thereof a Fillet Argent: This is the only diminuti­on that belongs to the Chief, and is called a Fillet, be­cause of the length and narrowness of it; as also because of the place where it is set, for did it occupy any other place, save the Chief, it should go under another term; as you shall see in the Examples of Barulets, Cotizes, and Endorses, &c.

The French term it, a Chief Or, Supported Argent: By the Name of Kap or Cape.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, a Fillet Gules. This is by Ferne, pag. 177. called a F [...]ie; it is so named from its shape, being long and narrow, like the Fillet used by Women to truss up their Hair, and fasten their Head-Tires: So this is very aptly placed on the Chief, or Head of the Escochion, compassing the utmost borders of the same.

XLV. He beareth Vert, a Chief Argent, surmoun­ted of another Or: This is another sort of bearing the Chief, upon a Chief. ☞ If the under Chief had been the colour of the Field, then it had been termed a Chief removed, or fallen out of its place. Though some in such cases will blazon it, a Bar in Chief. And such a Chief is born by Van dem Busch, viz. Uarrey, A. and B. a Chief removed G. charged with 3 Flower de lis, O.

XLVI. He beareth Argent, a Chief Or, bordered Azure. By the Name of Broderley. Also O. a Stags Horn G. a Chief A. bordered of the second, is the State of Goppingen's Coat in Germany.

XLVII. He beareth Gules, a Chief party per Fesse Indented Azure and Argent. Gwilliam blazons it Gules, a Chief Point in Point Indented Azure and Argent: This is another sort of bearing of Chiefs; and in it there is no need of saying per Fesse (saith he) for it is alway supposed to run the length of the Chief; if otherwise, either per Pale, or Cheveron, and the like, then to be named. But by his good leave, this cannot be termed Point in Point, but per Fesse, except it were extended to the outmost sides of the Chief; as the Example, Numb. 50.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, a Chief Vert, charged with a Shapournett Ermyne: This Term Shapour­nett is derived (if I mistake not) from the French Word Chaperon, which signifieth a Hood; whereof this is a di­minutive, and beareth a resemblance. Leigh, pag. 62. is of an Opinion that this is a Partition, and for that end doth draw the Line thereof to the very top of the Chief. But Gwilli [...], fol. 65. takes it to be a Charge of the Chief, and not a Portion thereof: Which makes him to shorten the Head of it, from the top of the Chief; after which Examples this is figured. Some do only call it a Hood or Chaperon.

XLXIX. He beareth Purpure, on a Chief Or, a Bar Daunsett Gules. I term it a Bar because of its narrow­ness, containing less than a third part of the Chief; if broader it might be blazoned Daunsettee, or else a Fesse Daunsett. This is by Ferne, pag. 176. blazoned a Uiure.

L. He beareth Argent, a Chief Point in Point In­dented Gules and Or: This you see is contrary to the 48th Figure, that runs indented through the Chief; and this with its Indents from outside to outside of the Chief. Which some again term a Chief Pily Gules and Or-Born by the name of Partinghead. This is through an oversight of Mr. Morgan, blazoned per Fesse Indented, lib. 2. cap. 5. fol. 47. Vpton terms it Point in Point Compony; but Compony in our Days is a far different thing, as Chap. 4. Numb. 43.

LI. He beareth Or, a Chief quarterly Purpure and Argent, counter-Flory in the bottom Sable. By the Name of Flurtal.

Thus I have given you the several ways of bearing the Chief, according to those Lines of Partitions.

I proceed now to the next Ordinary.

Of the Pale.

31. THE Pale is another Ordinary, and it consists of two Lines drawn perpendicularly from the top to the Base of the Escochion: As in Example.

LII. He beareth Azure, a Pale Argent: by the Name of Hickman. The Pale containeth the third part of the Escochion, and must not be either inlarged, or lessened, whether it be charged or not: So that there can be but one Pale in an Escochion. This is by Morgan termed pe [...] Pale, lib. 2. cap. 3.

This Ordinary is subdivided into a Pallet, and an Endorse.

G. a Pale O. born by Kinkley, and Grandmain.

A. the like S. by Calkin.

LIII. He beareth Or, a Pallet Vert: The Pallet is the Moity or half of the Pale, and therefore receiveth his Name of diminution; as being a demy or little Pale: The Pallet is never charged with any thing either quick or dead. There are some Armorists do hold that the Pallet cannot be parted into two; but that it may be parted into [Page 23] four, so saith Lei [...]h. And by the French, part. 3. fol. 37. it is called a coste cut narrow.

A. 5 Pallets S. born by Kendrick.

O. 3 Pallets S. bord by Percy: And the Name of Athel.

LIV. He beareth Gules, an Endorse Argent. The Endorse (saith Leigh, pag. 63.) is the fourth part of the Pallet. Ferne, pag. 178.) the eighth part of a Pale, which is all to one purpose. It is not used, but when a Pale is between two of them (saith one) but the Endorse may be born between Birds, Fish, Flowers, Beasts, and such like things (saith another): But then it sheweth that the same Coat hath been sometimes two Coats of Armour, and afterwards by some occasion joined together in one Esco­chion. For proof thereof, he there gives an example of such a beareing in an Escochion of Pretence, or Engislet (as he termes it) between a Lion Rampant and an Eagle display'd, Gules in a field Or.

LV. He beareth Argent, a Pale Endorsed Azure: By the Name of Holdaw. Some Blazon it a Pale between two Endorses: But that is some-thing of Superfluity.

☞ If the Pale and Endorses were of contrary Co­lours, then name the Pale and Colour, or Mettle first; and then the Endorses and their Colour or Mettle after: As Gules, a Pale Or, Endorsed Argent: Born by Haler. The like is to be observed in all the other Ordinaries when they have the like bearing on either side of them.

A. Such a Pale Endorsed B. is born by Cawley.

O. the like Endorsed S. by Naylor.

LVI. He beareth Purpure, a Pale Fitched in the foot or bottom Or By the name of Gl [...]nfron. Some call it a Pa [...]e coupe [...] and Rebated in the Bottom: Others say Pointed in the Bottom: Affirming that if it were truly and rightly Fitched, it would loose its [...]ame, and be­come a Pile, which is an other kind of Bearing.

LVII. He beareth Or, three Palletts Vert: By the name of Man [...]er.

☞ If there be more than one in an Escochion, then they are not called Pales but Palletts: And as this Coat hath three, so you shall have them born to the Number of 8 or 10: Therefore in your Blazoning you must have an especial care to tell the exact Number of them. As

A. 2 Palletts S. by Wentworth, and Tran [...]field.

B. 3 such; Born by Thornton.

O. 4 such B. Born by Sekerley, and by Peeler.

LVIII. He beareth Azure, a Pale Arrayed Or. By the name of Li [...]htford. Here the Pale and Arraying is all of one colour, else your Blazoning must have been accord­ing to the rule before given in Numb. 55. Gwilliam fol: 197. and Spher. lib. 3. f [...]l. 38. Blazons it a Pale Radiant Rajonee, after the French way: But the foresaid Blazon is after the English way, Short and Pithy: For by Rays we understand the glittering and shining Beams of the Sun, which Pale being so arrayed makes it the more lustrious.

P. such a rayed Pale A. is born by Whitman.

[...]. such a Pale O. charged with a Lion Rampant G. is the Coat of Coleman.

After this manner Pales are set with Flory, and counter-Flory; which are to be blazoned after this Example.

LIX. He beareth Or, a cross Paule Gules. Born by the name of Paulling. This is another Bearing subdi­vided from the Pale, being termed a Paule. Now what [...] Paule is, C [...]issaneus tells us in these Words: Pallium est quoddam Ornamentum ad modum stolae Sacerdotalis cum qui­busdam crucibus nigris contextis, &c. This is the old way of making the Paule: Which Morgan, l. 2. c. 15. terms a cross Pall, and that very properly, it representing a Pale cut through the top and opened after the manner of a cross Tau.

G. such a Paul A. born by Deycheler.

A. the like S. born by Duningham Earl of Glancorn.

LX. He beareth Sol, a Paule Iupiter: Such a Pall or Paule, is born by the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, and be­longeth to the Arms of his Sea: And is the modern form of the Paule which is most frequently used. If this Paule were garnished or embrodered with any other Colours or Mettle, then in the blazoning you must add the term edged, adorned, and fringed so and so. This may as well be termed a Priests Cope, being a kind of Vestment used by them when they are at the Sacrifice of the Mass, and Altar, as I said before: Which in Latin is called Pallium, Englified a Paule, which is a Cope, or Mantle, a Priest's Vestment that covers his Back, Breast, and Shoulders.

LXI. He beareth Purpure, a Paule reversed, or a cross Pale reversed Or. Here you may see the diffe­rence between the Paule, and the cross Pale, the one being edged and fringed in the bottom, terminating in the base of the Escochion; and the cross Pale runs quite through to the side, with all its parts: This Paule is subject to the same accident that the Pale, and Crosses are, viz. of being charged with, or interposed between any other thing charged in Coats of Arms. As, A. a cross Paule S. be­tween 3 Mullets G. By the Name of Paulmulett.

G. a Paule, or cross Paule reversed O. between 2 Mart­lets and a Plate. By the Name of Crossel [...]tt.

LXII. He beareth Argent, a cross Pale reversed, at each side the Base one Imbattle Vert. This is born by the name of Korbitz.

G. the like A. born by Van Chaynach.

LXIII. He beareth Gules, a Pale bretessed Nuee fixt Or. Born by Strongman. This coat I have known otherwise termed; as a Pale, each side double Arched, which I hold the best and properest blazon: The Pale stands (as it were) for the Butment, or Foundation, to which the Springalls of the four Arches are fixed.

LXIV. He beareth Or, a Pale double Arched, or Nuee Azure, or a Pale Goared on both sides. Born by the name of Howtock.

LXV. He beareth Or, a Pale Wavee Sable. By the name of Ayre.

A. such a Pale S. born by Botton.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Pale Indented Gules. Born by Grad [...]ee, alias Gadbey.

G. such a Pale A. born by Strathum.

LXVII. He beareth Vert, a Pale Daunsett Or: Any Ordinary that is Daunsett, ought not to exceed 3 points on the one (or top) side, let the Escochion be great or small; but they ought (as the French Heraulds say) to be numbred. Such a Pale is born by Kingslangl [...]y.

G. 3 such Pales O. is the Coat of Manduit.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Pale Or, Ingrailed Sable: Born by Palgrale. Some do term this a Pale In­grailed S. surmounted of another O. But I judg the first good blazoning, when there is no more to be seen than the Ingraling on either side: This I confess doth exceed my Draught given to the Engraver, wherein the rounds touch­ed the sides of the Pale.

[Page 24]LXIX. He beareth Purpure, a Pale Ingraled Or. Born by Home.

G. such a Pale O. born by the name of Cheswer [...]h.

A. the like S. by G [...]scoigne, charged with a Pikes Head.

LXX. He beareth Gules, a Pale Invecked Argent. Born by the Family of Ve [...]k.

LXXI. He beareth Argent, a Pale Nowey Cham­paine Azure, or else Nowey Urd [...]e. Born by the Name of Vrdall.

LXXII. He beareth Vert, a Pale Nowey Losengy Argent. Born by Molewine.

LXXIII. He beareth Or, a Pale Nowy Azure. Born by the Name of Nowellin. If the swelling out in the middle of the Pale (or any other the like Ordinary) be round, it is termed only Nowy; but if it be of any other form, then you must mention the form of the Noweying, as in the two Examples aforesaid, & the next that followeth.

LXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Pale Nowy quadrat Argent; or else Nowy Square, or quater Angled, or quarterly; For all these terms I have known given to it. Born by the Name of Quark [...]ll. See more of this way, in Crosses Nowyed

LXXV. He beareth Argent, a Pale Escarteled on the right side Azure. Which is the Coat of Woodwa [...]t.

LXXVI. He beareth Gules, a Pale Brettched Or. The French term it a Pale crossed in three pieces▪ there is much difference between Bretessing and Imbattelling, as you may see in Bends, chap. 4. numb. 32.

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Pale Imbattelled Azure. By the Name of [...]man. A Name much near the device, for by scaling Battlements many a brave Man hath lost his Life.

LXXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Pale Raguled Or, Raguled is as much as a knotted, rough, uncut piece of a Tree set Palewise. You shall sometimes find Coats of this nature both Raguled and Trunked; as in Bends you will see an Example, Chap. 4. Numb. 26. And Chap. 9. Numb. 5.15.

LXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Pale Patee Vert: It is born by the Name of Hohenfield. Mr. M [...]rgan calls this Inclave; so may I term it a Pale Dovetailed, or Dovetailly.

LXXX. He beareth Or, a Pale Fracted (or remo­ved) Vert: by the Name of Sparacke. Some term this a Pale removed Bevil-wise, because the cutting or break­ing of it in the middle is Bevile; that is, not streight, but slopingly with cornered Angles.

LXXXI. He beareth Gules, a Pale Angled Ar­gent: by the Name of Anger. This is also termed a Pale Rect Angled. Such a like Pale is born by Posingworth.

G. such a Pale couped at both ends A. born by Schwen [...]t of Bavaria.

LXXXII. He beareth Or, a Pale Bevile Purpure: by the Name of Beviler.

☞ Here you see there is a manifest difference be­tween these three last foregoing Examples; of Fraction (or removing) of Angled (or Rect Angled) and of Bevile; so that especial care must be taken to give such their due terms, when thus found in any of the Ordinaries.

LXXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Pale Champaine, (or enarched on the Dexter side) Vert: by the Name of Bowman. This hath several other Denominations, as Invexed, Concaved, or Shapourned on the Dex­ter side. Where you must take notice on what side it is Concave, except it be so in both.

LXXXIV. He beareth Or, a Pale Battailed Im­battailed Azure. So I find it termed, but this will never give any Artist (except he know the Coat) that light as to trick it truly; therefore I shall not trust to their Judg­ments in this thing that so blazon it: but rather to them who say, he beareth Or, a Pale grady in Chief and Base, the middle Nowey quadrat Battelled Im­battelled. Or more briefly thus, a Pale grady at the ends and middle: Or else grady of three, both in the ends and middle. Others term it a Pale gricee in the head, foot, and middle, on both sides, and fixed. See Chap. 4. Numb. 69.

There are several other ways of bearing of Pales, both charged and otherwise, but in regard they are in every re­spect answerable to the Bend: Therefore I shall need give no more Examples of Pales, but refer you to the Bends.

Of the Pile.

32. THE Pile is another Ordinary, consisting of two Lines formed after the manner of a Wedg; that is to say, broad at the upper end, and so smaller and smaller, till it come to a Point in the bottom: So that it differeth from the Pale (that being of an equal breadth all along) as the Examples will demonstrate.

LXXXV. He beareth Gules, a Pile Argent: born by [...]retton. A Pile represents a piece of Wood that Builders do usually drive into the Ground, where the Earth is not [...]ound to bear Fortifications, or other great Buildings: And so by them to force an infallible Founda­tion.

This Ordinary is subject to no diminution, whether there be more or less in the Field all goes under one name: The Pile contains the third part of the Chief if it be alone, but if it be charged upon, then it may well contain two thirds of the Chief for breadth.

B. the like Pile O. born by Aldham, of Aldham: The same is also the Arms of Hopwood.

O. the like S. born by Dighton.

S. 2 Piles A. by the Name of Hulles.

Er. 2 Piles S. born by Hollis.

LXXXVI. He beareth Argent, three Piles Gules: This is born by the Name of Gildesbrough. Some term them 3 Piles in Point, because they all meet with their Points together in the base.

☞ But this know, that if the Coat consist of three they are ever so placed, and no otherwise; therefore that word may be omitted. See then what needless words are used by Gwilli [...]m, fol. 93. who blazons them 3 Piles meeting near in the base of the Escochion. Ferne, pag. 205. and Leigh, pag. 69. terms them 3 Piles in Point. But Vpton the same blazoning as abovesaid, because they are ever set after this manner: So that to use superfluity of Words, is contrary to the Rules formerly given, where brevity is commended, as being most compendious.

S. 3 such Piles O. born by Manduit.

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Pile Sable, Co­tized Ingraled Gules: The Pile I never found in any Coat otherwise than Waved and Ingra [...]ed; but the Cotizing of it hath been formed of other Lines, as well as plain. Some term this Cotizing, Ingraled on the outside, because there may be Coats that have it Ingrailed on both sides. Such a Pile bendwise is the Coat of Coatgrale.

[Page 25]LXXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Pile in Bend Wa­ved Azure: born by Debar. In this Gwilli [...]m fol. 84. likewise useth many needless expressions, as issuing out of the dexter corner bendways: And Leigh, pag. 69. on the other side is too short, having omitted the waving of the Pile.

Also B. a Pile waved in Fesse between 3 Flowers de lis O. is born by Bl [...]n [...]zen a German Family.

LXXXIX. He beareth Gules, a Pile, between two other reversed, or transposed Argent. Gwilliam here adds words of superfluity, viz. three Piles, one issuing out of Chief, between the two other transposed. Sometimes you will find Coats with two in Chief, and one in Base, which I conceive thus best blazoned, two Piles with ano­ther reversed, or a Pile reversed between two other. Piles are very often couped and transposed to several sides, and parts of the Escochion▪ and therefore must be taken no­tice (in such cases) how and where they are removed.

A. 3 such Piles S. born by Hulse, or Hulles.

A. 2 Piles, and one transposed B. born by Garnons.

G. 2 Piles transposed O. born by Ehinger of Germany.

A. 3 Piles reversed B. born by Marschalck of Brunsvick: Which name in English we call M [...]rshal.

B. 2 Piles reversed with Roses on the Points A. born by Rhelinger.

XC. He beareth Vert, a Pile Waved between two other Argent. If they had been all 3 Waved, then there had been no need of saying (the two between;) if the mid­dle had been plain, then you should have said a Pile be­tween two other Waved, or Ingraled, or the like: The Pile hath anciently been called a Sentrie, that is a stick for a Tent, or for any other kind of work.

XCI. He beareth Gules, on a Pile Or, 3 demy Flower deluces conjoined to its Sides, and Chief, Sable: This is born by the Name of Flowermaine.

XCII. He beareth Vert, a Pile Floryed at the point Argent. A fit Coat (saith Mr. Morg [...]n, lib. 2. fol. 66.) for a Pioneer, who by his Wisdom hath countermined his Enemies Mines, if under-ground; or that Pallizadoes himself in his Castle above-ground.

XCIII. He beareth Argent, a Triple Pile in Base Bendwise Vert, Floryed at the point Sable: born by the Name of Wrot [...]n. This is called a Triple Pile, be­cause it is joined in the top or solid part all in one entire piece. This is by Ferne, pag. 179. termed a Pile Nai­sant in Bend Triple Flory. Gwilliam terms it, f. 83. a Triple Pile Flory on the tops, issuing out of the Si­nister base in Bend towards the Dexter corner: Here is Tautologies, with an Absurdity in naming the tops for the points; for a Man is a Man, though he stand on his Heads and transpose the Pile, how, and where you will, the broad end is the top of it.

XCIV. He beareth Azure, three Piles Barwise Or: born by Platten. Being on the dexter side you need not mention it: After this sort shall you have the Piles born Waved and Indented, &c. Which Examples for tedi­ousness I omit. Some will term this Barry Pily of seven Azure and Or. See Chap. 7. Numb. 98. But here was a great oversight in my Friend Morgan, lib. 2. fol. 68. who termed this per Pale Indented.

S. 3 Piles on the Sinister side Barwise A. born by Van Rorbach.

XCV. He beareth Argent, two Piles couped, with an other between them reversed Gules: This is the Coat of Hof [...]ow. Boswell terms these [...] t [...]us, two de­scending, and one ascending: But this is contrary to the rule of the Pile, before spoken of, where it was shewed, that the nature of the Pile was to have its point down; therefore needs no mentioning of descending, &c. Here I blazon the two couped, before I speak any thing of that as is reversed; which I give not the term of couping to, because it is entire, and fixed to the base of the Escochion: Which were it not, I should then have blazoned it thus, two Piles with another reversed couped: Or thus, a Pile reversed between two other couped, or all couped: Or else one couped reversed, between two of the same.

XCVI. He beareth Argent, three Piles Engraled, and Couped Azure. Formanshaw beareth this Coat Armour.

XCVII. He beareth Or, 3 Piles couped, two, and one Gules: This is born by Proctor. Here I am con­strained to give this term two an one, to set out the man­ner of their being in the Escochion; because the Piles stand naturally (being three) all besides one another, as the foresaid Examples, Numb. 69.86.90. doth demonstrate. But these standing contrary, it must therefore by two and one, be expressed how they are disposed of in the Field, that is two above, and one below, &c. Some blazons them two in Chief, and one in Base.

The like Piles with Urded or Champaine tops or heads S. in a Field A. is born also by the Name of Pro [...]tor.

XCVIII. He beareth Azure, 2 Piles couped and re­versed, conjoined to another Argent: born by the name of Ioyner.

O. three such Piles couped and conjoined, two with their Points in Chief, and one in Base, G. is born by Heyrling.

XCIX. He beareth Argent, a Pile in Bend Sini­ster, surmounted of another Dexter Argent: Yet others taking no notice of whither surmounts (as I think so too) do blazon them only two Piles in Salter. This is born by the name of Salterly.

C. He beareth Parted per Pile Purpure and Ermine, a Pile Argent: by the Name of Reyburgh.

☞ If the Pile had been Ermine, then I should have said a Pile of the second, by reason one Colour must not be twice named in one Coat: Yet I have seen this Blazon­ed a Pile, and two base p [...]ints parted (or two points in base parted.) If the Pile and the partition of the Field were of one Colour, then upon sight of the Co [...] should have blazoned it a Cheveron reversed, from the Chief to the Base.

CI. He beareth Gules, a Pile Waved out of the dexter corner bendwise, determined in Fesse Argent: born by Van Toppler of Br [...]nswick. I have seen this anci­ently blazoned a Gyron Waved, because it extendeth no further than the Fesse Point, which the Pile ever doth▪ So that the Artest is at his choise whether to term it a Pile terminated, or a G [...]ron Waved.

CII. He beareth Or, three Piles in Chief Azure: born by the Name of Van [...]b [...]n. If they be whole Piles, then they ever meet in Point: but being diminu­tive, or half Piles, then they stand in this order, and manner.

O. a Lion passant S. in Chief 3 Roman Piles of the Second: born by Loggan. So termed in Gwilliam's 5th Addition, fol. 192.

[Page 26]CIII. He beareth parted per Cheveron in Base, Purpure and Argent, a Pile counter-changed: Other­wise, per Cheveron P. and A. and per Cheveron re­versed counter [...]changed. This Coat Armour is born by the Family of Churland. See such a like Coat as this, but of a contrary blazoning, Chap. 9. Numb. 64.

CIV. He beareth Azure, three Piles, and as many in Fesse Argent. This is a German Coat, and is born by the Name of Magdenburg. Some have termed them 3 Piles in Chief, and 3 in Fesse. Others 3 demy Piles in Chief, and as many couped in Fesse.

G. 4 Piles in Fesse reversed and couped, and 2 issuing out of Base, A. is the Coat Armour of the Bishoprick of Olmitz in Ge [...]m [...]ny.

Party per Fesse, B. and G. 3 Piles transposed in Fesse A. by the name of Van Wolkenstein.

Of the Gyron.

33. THE Gyron is an Ordinary consisting of two Lines drawn from divers parts of the Escochion, and meeteth in an accute Angle, in the Fesse Point: It is derived, as some think, from the Latin word Germium, which signifieth a Lap. The Gyron is born single; by couples, of six, of eight, of ten, of twelve, and not o­therwise.

CV. He beareth Argent, a Gyron Gules: by the name of Gyronell. If there be but one, it ever stands in this place without naming it: Yet Gwilliam, fol. 81. name the dex­ter Chief Point; which is needless, except it be removed to some other place. This Ordinary is by Vpton termed contrary, Coonyd.

Sanguine, a Gyron on the dexter side (in Fesse after Gw [...]lli [...]m) Argent; is the Coat quartered by the Lord de Wolf [...] of Swesi [...].

CVI. He beareth Azure, 2 Gyrons Argent: by the name of Cantolupe. See four Gyron, Chap. 9. Numb. 103. You need not say meeting in Point, the one from the dex­ter Chief, the other from the sinister Base; because they do evermore meet in the Fesse Point be they never so ma­ny. And if you observe, the Gyrons are made of two Lines, one in Bend, the other in Fesse, which make two directly opposite one to the other; and needs no nameing of their places, except they be otherwise disposed.

CVII. He beareth Gyronny of six, Azure and Or. by the name of Amberg. Some blazon it parted per Gyron of six pieces: In the naming of the Colours, I name that first which occupieth the principle part of the Chief, but if it be divided into more then to name that first as occupieth the dexter part of it: As in N [...]mb. 111. and the following Example. Some Blazoners of old, termed these Gyrons by the name of Contra Contraconata, or Counter-coined: For that the coins or corners of their contrary or different Colours, do all meet in the center of the Field.

6 Gyrons O. and S. is part of the Coat of Callarde.

6 Gyrons A. B. is born by Van Sintzen-hofen in Bavaria.

CVIII. He beareth Gyronny of eight, Argent and Purpure: by the name of Ockton. There are some who affirm that they may be born to the number of sixteen; and so I have seen a Coat in the Herauld's Office to have that same number. These Gyrons are never born com­posed of any other sorts of Lines, but a [...]raight plain Line; except they be either single: or by couples, then you shall have them Waved, or Indented, Ingraled, or Invecked, and no otherwise. Some hold that Gyronny of eight ought not to be numbred; but only Gyronny of such and such colours: And the reason is because one Gyron con­tains the eight part of the Field.

The like O. and B. on an Escochion G. a Lion's Head Erazed A. born by Spaune.

CIX. He beareth Or, a Gyron in Fesse Gules: by the Name of Skatter. Others a Gyron in the dexter Base.

CX. He beareth Argent, two Gyrons in Chief: Others say two Gyrons dexter and sinister in Chief. Now had these two been upon a Chief they had been termed Squires; as the Examples Chap. 9. Numb. 71, 75, 77, 78, 83.

Party per Fesse, O. and G. in Chief, a Talbot S. and 2 Gyrons in Base A. born by Biberlisburgh of Switzer­land. Some blazon it per Fesse O. and Gyronny of 5 G. and A. a Talbot S.

CXI. He beareth Gyronny of twelve, Or and Azure: by the name of Malfering.

The like O. and B. an Inescochion G. born by Eller.

Gyronny of 16 O. and B an Escochion A. born by the Bishoprick of Rev [...]l [...] in G [...]rm [...]ny.

Gyronny of 12 A. and G. born by Waldb [...]th Van Bossedheim.

CXII. He beareth Gyronny of eight, Gules and Ar­gent, a De [...]se Or: by the name of Mildmay. As this Square is in the middle of the Gyrons where they meet in Fesse, so you will find Coats with Escochions, Roundlets, and the like; which place you need not mention, becaase such Charges ever stand in the Fesse, or middle part of the Gyrons. Boswell pag. 40. calls this a Quadreate.

The like O. and B. with an Escochion G. born by Spon, or Spoune.

The like A. and S. with a Basant, born by Lovegold.

Of the Quarter, and Canton.

34. THE Next Ordinary is the Quarter, which is for­med of two Lines. both straight through the mi­die of the Escochion, one from the Chiefe and the other from the Fesse points, where both meeting in the midle of Escochion in an equall Square is called a Quarter, because it containes a quarter part, or a Fourth part of the Field: as for Example.

CXIII He beareth Escallopee Argent, a Qqarter A­zure: The Quarter I never found born otherwise, but com­posed of Straight lines: Though it is usually charged with variety of Bearings. This is a Duch coate and is born by the name of Van Scalburgh. Escalopee is born thus on Bends, Fesses, Barrs, Crosses, &c

G & per Fesse Escalopee A. born by Newburgh.

Escalopee Er a Quarter G: born by V [...]n Iar [...]orf.

CXIV He beareth Argent a Canton and a Shapou­nett Gules. born by Feldwayne. Though some (in regard of the Honorable bearing of it) do hold it to be an Ordi­nary: Yet for my own part, I take it to be no other then o Diminution of the Quarter, and containes the third part of it: It is called a Canton, because it occupieth but a Corner, or Cantell of the Escochion. If it be placed in [Page 27] the Dexter Corner of the Escochion, there needs no other mention to be made of it; But if it be placed on the con­trary side (or else where) then it is to be named, a Can­ton, or a Quarter Sinister: As in the following Ex­amples it will be further manifested.

The Shapou [...]net [...] is ever born in the Base, both of the Escochion, and all other Ordinaries, that it is charged withall. See Numb. 48. Chap. 9. Numb. 83.84.87.

A. a Canton, G: born by the name of Chester.

B. the like, O: born by Canterlin, also by Studler.

CXV. He beareth Or, a Canton Sinister Sable: The Dexter, and Sinister Cantons, are all one as in Form, so in Quantity, and Estimation; but differ only in this from their Local Position: And also that the Sinister is not of so frequent use. And the same Rules as serve for the Quarter, Serveth for the Canton also.

Such a Canton blazoned as afore, belongs to Clerke.

S. the like, A. born by Eytzenriet of Bavaria.

O. the like B. by Zol [...]kofer a Zwitzer in Germanie.

CXVI. He beareth Argent, a Canton in Base Vert: by the name of Brucherley. The Canton ever stands in the Corners of the Escochion; never in the midle of the Chief, Fesse, or Base: Therefore I need say no more, but a Canton in Base, or a Canton in the Sinister Base, If it be on the other side.

☞ Note that a Canton parted Traverswaies, whi­ther it be from the Dexter Corner, or from the Sinister, it doth make two Base Squires: C. 7 N. 75. &c.

CXVII. He beareth Or, a Canton Indented in the Bottom Gules: born by the nane of Beyfynburgh. The Canton is seldom altered from its old form and fa­shion of plainness: Therfore for its Rarity I have caused it to be presented to your view.

B. the like O: born by Doppock Van Hussetz

A. the like V. with a Flower de Luce O: by Carnon.

CXVIII He beareth Vert, a Canton Argent, with a Pile waved, issuing from the corner therof Bendwayes, Sable: or more briefly, a Canton and Pile waved in Bend, or Bendwayes. This is born by Campile.

G. the like O. born by Enefeild, also by Feeldiug.

O. the Canton S. Pile G: born by Zenilburg.

V. the like O. born by Cempiles, and by Van Scthoditz

A. a Canton and the Pile S. Ingraled G: by Copewood.

G. on a Canton A. a Cross G. a Pile in bend O. This according to our English mode, let the Ensign be what Colour the Colonel pleaseth: If there be St. George's Cross in the Canton thereof, with a Pile issuing therefrom ei­ther plain or waved it is the cognizence of a Major: For a Major of all Regiments of foot Souldiers (in our Kingdom) have in their warlike Ensignes a Pile from the Canton, to distinguish it from other Ensignes of the same Regiment: Perhaps to shew the Valour of our English Nation, who will stand to it both by Land and Water: It being the Emblem of both.

CXIX He beareth Azure, a Canton Argent, with 5 Piles waved issuing there-from, Or. If the distinction in Ensignes, for the Eldest, Second, or Third Captains, &c. be by Piles, either waved or plain: Then beginning with one for the Major's Companies Ensign, as aforesaid; and two for the eldest or first Captain &c. Then this falleth to be the Ensign of the fourth Captain in the Regiment, but as it is blazoned in this place it is the Coat Armour of Mounsier De le Sun, or Sund. Some will blazon this 5 Rayes of the Sun issuing out of the Dexter Corner: Sur­mounted of a Canton. Others again, leave out the words (Surmounted of) because the Canton must be seat­ed in the Corner, and the Rayes proceed from under it.

G: the like with 2 Piles O: born by Van Spingnailz.

B: on a Canton A: a Mulet S: 3 Piles in Bend O: by Pakmane: And also by Guddyer, Sans Mullet.

A: on the like S: a Leopards face O: 3 such Piles G. by Van Seltz: With a Rose O: and Piles waved: by Vantz.

O: the like S: and 5 such Piles G: by Mainscham.

O: the like with 3 Piles wavey G: by Voloignez.

A: the like G: the 3. Piles Engr: S. by Silversbourgh.

To the Eminent and Learned DOCTORS, and PRACTITIONERS of PHYSICK, WITH THE Skillful and Industrious CHYRURGEONS; And their MINISTERS, and OFFICIALS: Within the Diocess of CHESTER and NORTH-WALES. AS after the Welfare and Good of our Immortal Souls, which we must seek for at the Hands of God our Heavenly Father; and Instructions from our Mother the Church: So it behooves us, in the next place, to have a care of our Earthly Bodies; the Safety whereof depends (under God) upon your Knowledg and Care: Frail Life, by Art, may be preserved, but once lost, through neglect, is past recalling. The Consideration whereof, makes him beg your care at such times; who in the Interim, Dedicates a part of his Labour and Endeavours to your Learned Thoughts: As it is a Work intended for general Good, so it is subject to each Man's particular Censure; but seeing what the whole means, be not too rash in judging the Author, nor too backward in valuing the Pains of Him, Who is Your Divoted Friend, Humble Servant, and Observant Patient, R. H.

CHAP. IV.

THE Next Ordinary which we shall treat off, shall be the Bend; which also consisteth of two Lines drawn over-thwart the Escochion, from the Dexter Chief, to the Sinister base point, by an eqnal distance as the Examples following will shew.

Of the Bend.

2. THE Bend containeth the fifth part of the field, as it is uncharged, but if it be charged, then it is the third part of the field, as the next will demonstrate.

I. He beareth Argent, a Bend Vert: born by the name of St. Nichol. The Bend hath it's denomination from the French word, Bender; which signifieth, to Stretch forth: As it doth from on corner to another. Yet in ancient Rolls I have seen the Bend drawn somewhat Arch-wise, or after the resemblence of the bend of a bow.

The Bend of all the Ordinaries exceedeth the rest in it's Dividings, or Diminutions: as the examples shew.

If the Bend stand on the right side to the left, then it needs no other blazoning, [but, a Bend.] But if from the Sinister Chief to the Dexter base it be drawn, then it hath the denomination of, a Bend Sinister.

G. a Bend O. born by Kelloberry, also by Columbers.

B: the like O: born by the Lord Scroup: and also by Grosvenator, or Grosvenor of Eaton in Cheshire. Concern­ing which Coat there was a great Suit between them, but at length determined by the Kings of England and France.

O. the like S: born by Gottlingen of Bavaria.

II. He beareth Gules, a Bendlet, Argent: born by Or­ron. This is one of the Sub-divisions of the Bend, and it containeth the Sixth part of the field.

☞ Where Note that if the field contains more than one Bend, then they are not called Bends, but Bendlets; but all Partitions of Fields are termed Bendy: If there be never so many Divisions. As Chap. 7. Numb. 82.

O: 2 Bendlets G: by the name of Tracy.

A: 2 such G: born by Hackett.

G: 3 Bends O: born by Greleye.

[Page 29]

[figure]

[Page 30]S: Four Bendlets A: born by the Name of Wol­wardington.

III. He beareth Or, a Gartier Gules: This is another derivative from the Bend, and contains the half of it in bigness. The Word Garteir, is derived from the French Iartier; or from the Norman Word Gartier, both which are the same which we in English call a Gartier, or Garter. It is a Bearing of much Esteem with us in England, from that Renowned Order of Knighthood, called the Garter.

A Bend (saith one) represents a Belt, or the Zodiack Circle: And so every Bend is a Zodiack, every Bendlet is a Colure, every Scarf is a Parallel in the Sphere of Gentrey.

IV. He beareth Azure, a Cost Argent: The conti­nent of this is the fourth part of the Bend, and half the Gartier. It is by most Heraulds called a Cotise. If it be born alone, it is termed a Cost, but if by couples, then they are called Cotises, or Cotizes; and also a Ba­tune (as Leigh noteth): but Bara maketh a Cotise, and a Batune, two distinct things. It hath its name from Costa, which is in the Latin a Rib, either of Man or Beast. The Cost is rarely born but by couples, and that with a Bend (or such like) between them.

V. He beareth Argent, a Riband Azure: This is that other subdivision that is derived from the Bend, and doth contain the eighth part thereof. The Name agree­eth well with the form, and quantity of the same, in that it is long and narrow, which is the right shape of a Riband. This (saith Leigh) is also called a Fissure, and then it receiveth that Name, when it parteth the Field into two colours, and is of it self Mettle.

Thus much of the Bend and its subdivisions; let us now peruse the Bend Sinister, and see how the same is di­vided.

Of the Bend Sinister.

VI. HE beareth Or, a Bend Sinister Azure: The Bend Sinister is sometimes born with another Dexter, which to sight will appear like a Salter.

☞ In Coats of such a nature you must be careful to observe which lieth next to the Field, for that must ever be first named; and not in this only, but in all such Coats, where one Ordinary lyeth over another. As Chap. 8. Numb. 26. to 36.

A [...] such a Bend G: born by Rattaw, of Bavaria.

VII. He beareth Argent, a Scarpe Purpure, of some termed a Scarf: Which is a thing (as Leigh noteth) to be a kind of Ornament, much used with Commanders, and Field-Officers: And is used from the French Word Escharpe, signifying that Ornament worn by Martial Men from the left Shoulder overthwart the Body, and so under the Arm on the right Side. You need not in the blazon thereof to mention the word Sinister, because a Scarpe is never born otherwise than thus.

☞ And although this charge hath some resemblance of the common Note of Illegitimation, yet it is not the same, neither hath it any such signification, for that it agreeth not with the content thereof, nor with the manner of bearing the same: As is plain by the next Example. The Scarpe containeth the half of a Bend Sinister.

VIII. He beareth Gules, a Fissure, or a Staff of Gold. This containeth the fourth part of a Bend: And is by the Dutch born both Nebuley and Waved, which seemeth to be a crooked Wire.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Batune Sable: This is a derivative from the Bend Sinister, and containeth the fourth part thereof. This word Batune is derived from the French Baston, which signifies a Wand or Cudgel. The Batune must ever be couped, and touch no part of the Escochion; which makes it differ from all the subdi­visions of the Ordinaries before manifested. This hath in former times been the only work of Illegitimacy; (per­haps from the Affinity of Baston, and Bastard: Or else to shew that such Issue have not the priviledg of Freemen, and so are subject to servile stroaks:) but now being so ge­nerally known, is wholly left aside. But no more of this, for to give a dash with a Pencil is sufficient herein, which is a secret known only to Heraulds.

The Batune is not born of any of the Mettles, but by the Bastards of Princes, neither ought to be removed 'till three Generations, with which they may bear their Fa­ther's Coat Armour: but when they leave it off, they must bear some other mark in their Coat, such as the Heraulds think fit; or else may alter the Coat in the whole.

Of the Bend divers ways.

X. HE beareth Azure, a Bend Ingraled Argent: born by the name of Groveling.

G: a Bend Ingraled O: born by Marshal.

A: the like S: born both by Ratcliff, and Brodd [...]n.

XI. He beareth Azure, a Bend Invecked Or: born by the name of Braddeler.

XII. He beareth Or, a Bend Waved Azure: Wavy and Undee are all one terms in Herauldry. By the Name of Waterfall.

A: the like S: born by Burton, and by Wallop.

A: two such S: born by Hankford.

A: three such B: born by Wilbraham of Woodhey.

XIII. He beareth Gules, a Bend Wavy Waved Argent and Azure▪ Some term this a Bend Watery. And is born by the Name of Waters.

S: such a Bend A: and B: by the name of Standen.

XIV. He beareth Ermine, a Bend voided Gules: This may also be blazoned two Bendlets. And is born by the Name of Hacket.

XV. He beareth Or, a Bend Azure, edged Argent: by the name of Swivall. This is also blazoned a Bend Argent, surmounted of another Azure: but in my Judg­ment, it rather represents a Hem, or Welt of a Belt, or an Edg of Silver, than two Belts one upon another; which the Bend properly signifieth.

G: a Bend A surmounted on another, born by Zenner of Brunswick.

XVI. He beareth Gules, a Bend Or, double edged Azure and Argent: by the name of Doubleing.

☞ Because some may doubt of the right placing of the Colours of the double edg, they must know, that af­ter the naming of the Bend and its Colours: I next pro­ceed to the colour of the Edging that lyeth next to it, and then name that more remote. Which way of blazoning you are to observe in Coats of this nature, or such like to them; else there may ensue grand mistakes.

[Page 31]XVII. He beareth Argent, a Bend Azure, bordered Or: by the name of Bend [...]aine. Some old Heraulds term the two foresaid Bends, bordered; and some hold that this is the right way of bordering the Bends: To whose Judgment I rather adhere.

☞ Therefore this may be taken for an Observation, that an edg, or hem, or welt, only runs on the sides of the Ordinary; but the Border invirons, or goeth clear round the same, as well the ends as the sides.

XVIII. He beareth Argent, a Bend Gules, Cotised Vert: by the name of T [...]tt [...]ller. If the Bend and Coti­zes were of one colour, then they are both to be named before the colour, and then it is sufficient: Boswel terms it a Bend Cotized, with two Cotizes, and a Bend between two Cotizes; where he had not needed to mention the Number 2, or Word between: For by the blazon of a Bend cotized, we are given to understand there is a Cost, or Cotise, on either side the Bend.

A: a Bend S: cotized G: born by Maconant.

G: a Bend A: cotized O: by Dautre, or Dautte.

O: a Bend cotized S: by Harly of North-Wales.

S: on a Bend A: cotized Er: a Rose G: between two Annulets S: by Conway.

XIX. He beareth Or, a Bend double cotized Gules: This of some old Heraulds is termed a Bend between two Bendlets Gemeles. What a Gemel is you shall know more in Barrs. But in my Judgment this is better blazoned a double Cotize, by reason some Coats are treble; and then, How can they be better expressed than by Cotizes? For their number makes them not to lose their Name: Some again number the Cotises, as a Bend between four Cotizes.

XX. He beareth Argent, two Bendlets Azure, be­tween two Cotizes Gules: by the name of Passaw. Or else thus, two Bends, between as many Cotizes.

XXI. He beareth Argent, two Bends, or Bendlets Cotized, Azure. born by the name of Van Artzat. It the Bends, and Cotizes were of contrary colours, then Blazon them thus; Two Bends Azure, Cotized Gules. As in the last example. Some blazon this Coate, two Bends, each Cotized: which is good.

☞ Here in this Coat, and the foregoing, Numb. 20. You are to take especial notice of Bends Cotized, and Bends between Cotizes: For if there be 2 or 3 Bends, and that all of them stand together, and the Cotizes be on the out-side; Then they are termed 2 or 3 Bendlets, between 2, 4, or 6 Cotizes: Yet if the Cotizes be inter­mixed (as in this coat) then it is termed 2 Bends or Bend­lets, Cotized: That is as much as to say, a Bend Cotized, and a Bend Cotized: For every particular Bend ought to have it's own Cotizes.

XXII He beareth Or, 3 Torteauxes between 6 Co­tizes, Vert: born by the name of Cotterell. Some term them 6 Bendlets. If the Cotizes had been of the same co­lour to the Torteauxes, which are Red; Then you had not needed to have mentioned their colour.

☞ For it is alway to be understood, and observed as a rule, that if the Ordinaries or Charges be of the same colour with them; then the naming of them will serve for the colour. As thus; 3 Torteauxes, between 2 Coti­zes, or Bendlets; born by Inghambourne.

A: 3 such, betw: 2 Bendlets S: born by Ince, or Ins.

XXIII. He beareth Azure, a Bend Engraled Ar­gent. treble cotized, Or: born by F [...]rtiscu [...]. This is of some blazoned, a Bend Engraled between 6 Costs. Now as the Bend is born both plain, and after the several forms of Lines before specified; so also are the Costs born after the same sort: One or Two Examples thereof I shall give you.

A: such a Bend G; cotized S: born by Tetlow.

O: such a Bend V: cotized G: by Reys.

B: such O: double cotized A: by Ownesley.

S: the like A: treble cotized O: by Safe [...]ard.

XXVI. He beareth Azure, a Bend cotized Daun­cettie Argent: by the Name of Dauncester. Here I name not the Bend colour, because it and the Cotizes are all of the same. And the Bend being plain, I mention the Dauncettie after the Cotizes, as belonging to them; which had the Bend been Dauncettie also: I would hove said, a Bend cotized both Dauncettie.

It is also blazoned, B: a Bend A: cotized Dauncett of the Second.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a Bend Azure, double cotized Potent Counter-Potent Sable; anciently termed a Bend between two Bends Potent-Counter-Potent: So that Bends as well as Cotizes are made af­ter the same form. B [...]swell, pag. 35. useth a way of num­bering the Potents within the Cotizes; saying each to contain so many points or pieces: Which way of blazon is very strict, seeing Heraulds must be tied to number where there is no need of numbring; especially consider­ing an Escochion may contain more or less, according to its greatness or smallness: Therefore, in such cases, not only in this, but in several others (the like bearing) it is but a nice curiosity to stand upon such terms.

Azure four Bendlets Potent-Counter-Potent Argent: born by Dewrant.

☞ Cotizes are born both plain, and composed of the several sorts of Lines which the other Ordinaries are. Yet note this, that generally the Cotizes are plain on that side next the Bend (except in those, Waved or Dauncette which ever go alike in both sides; as in the Example, Numb. 24. And in this of Potent-Counter Potent, where the inner sides are only stricken in one to the other.) But if the Cotizes be Invecked, Engrailed, Nowyed, Imbatteiled, or the like, on both sides (as I have seen in Coats of Armour;) then I should think it fit to have the Cotizes nominated, to be Invecked, or Engraled, &c. on both sides. But the one side, and that the outer, be­ing composed of the Lines, it needeth no mention of that side, being it is more common and known, when the both sides are more rare; therefore the fitter to mention.

A: a Bend and Cotizes Engraled S: born by Ducker.

O: a Bend S: Cotized and Engraled on both sides G: by the Name of Mildread. Yet some have been so exact that they have named the outside, or inside, or both sides, according as they are or have been seen.

S: a Bend A: cotized counter-Flowry O: by Kelk.

A: a Bend between two Bends (or Bendlets) Raguled S: born by the Name of Folesby in Durham.

☞ Some blazon it a plain Bend between two other Raguled: but the naming the one between the two other shews the first to be plain, else it had been as easy to say three Bends raguled, if they had been all alike. See Chap. 5. Numb. 20. what Raguled is.

[Page 32]XXVI. He beareth Gules, a Bend of a Limb of a Tree Raguled Argent: by the Name of Penrudock of the Highla [...]ds ▪ ther is a Bend Raguled, which is not after this manner (as if the boughs and branches were cut off) but plain as in Crosses Chap. 5. N [...]mb. 20, 21. Gwilliam, fol. 142 terms this kind of Bend, Raguled and Trunked; which neither Leigh, nor Ferne doth: Neither properly can it be truncked, except it were wholly in the Field, and touch no patt of the sides of the Escochion; and then by some, such is called a Ragged Staff in Bend. That which is in the Bend Crene [...]le, Numb. 32. being made by Art to Scale Walls; is in this naturally found, as fitt­ed for such purpose, as to set up to the side of a Wall, and so to climb up by it.

Ingelsteter a Family in Bavaria, beareth such a Limb e [...]sse-ways, S: in a Field O:

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a Bend Patee Gules; this at first view seems to be Nebulee, from which it is not far unlike, yet something it differs, for Nebulee is round, and this is cornered with accute Angles this is born by the name of Patteson, or Patson.

XXVIII. He beareth Or, a Bend Potentee Vert: born by Crouc [...]er. Here you see the difference between the single Term Potentee, or Potent, to that of Po­tent-Co [...]nter-Potent; Numb. 25. The first having the Lines running on the outside, as all the Lines do; the Second havi [...]g them on, or in the Ordinary, counter-poi­sing one the other.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, a Bend Urdee, or Cham [...]aine, Vert. It is called also, a Bend Uarri­ [...]e [...] on the out sides. And a Bond Crenelle, Points Pointed: but then the heads ought to be set one oppo­site to the other, as in the Bend Crenelle. numb: 32. this is born by the name of Ch [...]msser and by L [...]cett.

XXX. He beareth Or, a Bend Gules: Urdee, or. Champained, (or Championed by Some) Sables & is born by the name of [...]mmenha [...]sen a German Familey this by reason of the Champaine's being of an other colour, is like a Bend Surmounted of an other, Vrdee.

XXXI. He beareth Argent, a Bend Nowy Qua­drat Sable. by the name of Beilsteine. This is also termed a Bend Single Brettessed: or a Bend Nowy Quaderangled

XXXII. He beareth Azure, a Bend Brettessed, Or. This is born by the name of Brescett. This differeth from the Crenell, or Imbatteling, iu two things: first the Bend Imbattled hath a larg and broad Bend, and this rather a Bendlet. Againe Imbattleing stands equally pro­portioned on both sides, with the Nuoches contrary one to the other: whereas this hath them one opposite to the other: as if they were Strong Staves put throw a peece of Timber or a Pole or a tree to clime up thereby. After this maner, Souldiers in default of Scaling Laders, used to put into long Poles and peeces of Timber, Strong pinns of wood: by which they ascended, and surprized the walls of an enimy.

Bends of this nature, have not aboue 3. or 4. of these Nouches, where-as Imbattleing may have as many as one pleaseth: neither is this terme Brettesse, used to any of the Ordinaries, except the Bend, the Fesse, and the Pale, to which it properly be longeth: And is of some old Heraulds called, Bettressed: and Aspined. as c 6 n 62

A such a Bend couped G. by Van Donop of Brunswick.

XXXIII. He beareth Purpure, a Bend Imbattled Argent. by the name of Studman. This is blazoued also a Bend battelled: or Crenelle. And of others termed, Couner-batt [...]ed: or Battelled Counter: battled. because the Battellings generally are set on the two sides of the Bend, one contrary to the other, not opposite.

☞ Mr: Morgan lib: 2 chap: 23. Saith, That it is to be observed: That if any Ordinary be Imbattled, or Crenelle on one side, then it is to be blazoned either Crenell, or Battled, or Imbattled. but if the same be so on both sides: Then it is only termed, Counter-Imbattled, Which may be in Bends, Fesses, Pales, &c.

S: such a Bend [...]r: is born by Ma [...]ston.

G; one Imbattled on the top A: born by Sachkirch.

XXXIV. He deareth Tenney, a Bend Nowy Ar­gent. this is born by the name of [...]utt [...]n, or [...]ottun. As this is only with one Round in the midle of the Bend, so you shall have them Nowy-Losengy, and Uowy-Quadrated. and Coats also that are double and treble Nowy'd ▪ as the next example.

XXXV. He beareth Or, a Bend treble Nowy'd, Gules. by the name of Skarrot. Some call it a Bend No­wyed, if there be more then one Round upon it. others say If there be more then one, it ought to be termed, Botto­ny, or Pomety, and not Nowyed ▪ Yet others blazon it Brettessed-Nowy: Because they stand one opposite to the other, as Brettessing doth. se numb: 32.

XXXVI He beareth Argent, a Bend Counter-Flo­ry, Gules. Such a coate is born by the name of Hellerd, and of Bromflett. Sometymes the Florying is of a contra­ry colour to the Bend: Then blazon it, a Bend G: counter-flory, S. It is of others termed Flory Counter-Flory. and Flory Counter-changed. se the difference of flo­ry, and counter-flory▪ numb: 78.

XXXVII He beareth Argent a Bend Debruced, (or a Bend Fracted, or Removed) Azure. born by Br [...]ker. This was in old tyme blazoned; a Bend Double daun­cette. Which terme I have severall tymes met with in old blasoned coates. Yet could never meet with it manifested by an example, tell in viewing of an old booke in the He­raulds Office, I found a Fesse broken after this maner, and there termed Double-Dauncette: Which I do con­ceive, is nothing agreeable to its being. Also by some it is termed Double Down-sett: Which is more proper, then Dauncette. se numb: 75.

XXXVIII He beareth Azure, Bend Angled, Argent. born by the name of Squarrell. This was of old blazoned, a Bend Bevelle: but Bevelle is with more Acute corners this haveing them of a perfect Square: Therefore more properly said to be Angled.

XXXIX He beareth Gules, a Bend Bevelle, Or. by the name of B [...]vile. This Bend though it be like that numb: 37. yet it is much different, Seing this hath a Sub­stance of the Bend in the joyning of the Bevelle, whereas the other hath none, but the two ends standing, or lying, each side the othe'r.

XL He beareth Argent, a Bend per Bend Indent­ed, Gules & Or. born by the name of [...]r [...]se. this is (as I have shewed, before in the examples of Chiefs) blazoned Point in Point. Which it cannot be except the In­dents run from one side of the Ordinarie to the other. se chap: 3. numb: 47. & 50. Thus Fesses are also born [Page 33] as G: a Fesse Indented A & B. by the name of Wilden. And the same in Pointe by Van Trautenberg of Bavaria.

XLI He beareth Argent a Bend per Bend Crenell or Battled, Vert & Gules. dy the name of Manners. This also is blazoned Point in Point Imbattled: &c

XLII. He beareth Azure, a Bend Gobbony, Or & Gules, else a Bend Gobbonated. This is borrowed from our old English word Gobbeus, or small peeces; For so this Bend seemeth to be cut into.

Such a one over 2 Barrs A: belongs to Leigh of Adlington.

A such an other O B & G is born by Cromwallay.

XLIII He beareth Vert, a Bend Compony, or (after some) Counter-Compony, Or & Vert. born dy the name of Goodcompany. As the aforesaid example doth consist of peeces: So this is framed of two Tracts, or Rows of Colours, Compounded, or Conterly placed.

Er: the like A & S born by Curssune. & Armball.

XLIIII He beareth Or a Bend Chequie, or Checkie, Argent & Sable. born by Stirrope. This way of Chequie, when it i [...] upon Bends, Fesses, Barrs, and such like; is ne, ver lesse then three Tracts, or Rowes of lines; but in all fields there may be as many as the Painter (with difcre­tion) pleaseth. G the like O & V born by Stilley.

XLV. He beareth Argent, on a Bend Azure, three Che­verons, Or. by the name of Bencher. After this maner Bends are charged with Fretts, Fesses, Barrs, Crosses, and Salters. As in the next example.

Ers the like O 4 cheverons G born dy Kendale.

XLVI He beareth Or, on a Bend Azure, a Fesse Ar­gent, charged with a Salter Gules. born by the name of Hadden a Germane familey.

A on the like S 2 Barrs O. by Don Garillo a Spaniard.

XLVII He beareth Purpure, a Bend Archy Argent. or a Bend Champaine, after some Authors: or Shap­ourne, by others. This is born by the familey of Archby.

G the like A: charged with 2 fishes Najant Respep­ing each other B. the coate of Sch [...]mbach of Bavaria.

G: 2 such Sinister O. is Glatz's coa [...]e of Bavaria, & is quartered by Monsterberg a Germane familey.

XLVIII. He beareth Or, a Bend Archee, Coronet­tee on the top side, Gules. Some say, Haveing the higher side Coronett-wayes, Morgan lib: 3. fo: 39. termeth this a Coronet in Bend. but he should then have said (Extended in Bend) because it reacheth from side to side of the shielde.

Barry of 10 ☉ & ♄ such a Bend ♀ born by Peter of Savoy Duke of S [...]xony.

A a Fesse S the like O born by Vau Wageleben.

XLIX He beareth Argent, a Bend Traverse, Coun­ter-pointed, Sable. by the name of Traverse or Travis. This hath the resemblence of a Trench or out worke of a Campe, made by Souldiers when they besiege a Fort, or Citty, to keep their enimies from Sallying out upon them from whence I Suppose it took its name.

L. He beareth Argent, a Bend Fusill, Gules. born by Lymmoll. Some Heraulds number the Fusils, which is need­lesse, when they extend to the out sides of the Escochion: And begin, or end, or both, with Demy-Fusils.

Sometymes you shall find coats with them contrary co­loured, that is, one of one eolour, and the next to it of an other colour: Which is thus termed, a Bend Fusill, Arg- & Gul: Alternatively. or Losenge, A. & G. Grada­tim. or Gradually the one Arg: & the other Gules.

And as these are born in Bend, So are they in Fesse, Pale Crosse &c: Which examples in those Ordinaries I forbear there to shew for brevity sake.

Sone have the Bends plain on the out sides, yet wrought upon with Fusill or, Losenge work, which consisteth of two colours: And then they are blazoned Fusilly or Lozen­gee. se chap: 7. numb: 113.

A the lik S is the coat of Glastingbury.

O the like B born by Hean Foktr [...]m.

LI. He bsareth Azure, a Beud Mascule, Or. born by Wallesey. Bends, Fesses, Pales, &c Are born Masculy like to the Fusill; Which is the same in shape, only the one is Solid, and this Voyded, haveing the field seene through the midle of it: Or these kinds and sorts of Bearings, You shall receive further Instructions in chap: 6 numb: 71 to 88.

☞ If the Field or Ordinary are wrought into Mas­cles, then it is termed, Masculee, or Masculy, or after-others, Mascle-Wayes. As afore-said of Fusill, and of Fusilly: Losenge, and Lozengy. For there is a manifest di­stinction therein, which is to be carefully looked into.

LII. He beareth Argent, two Bends Fusill, Conioyn­ed, Gules. or else termed a Double Bend Fusill: because they stand not asunder, but touching each other in the po­ints. This is the coat-Armour of Strongbow. and of Van Reinsperg of Switzerland in Germanie.

A two such Sinister G is the coat of Van Cresw [...]ts.

LIII. He hath for his Coat-Armour Or, a Bend, and on the Sinister side two Bendletts, Ve [...]t born by B [...]ndy.

A the like G on the same side two such, V by Tarby. If they be of contrary colours as this is: Then first name the Ordinary & its colour: then follow with the Diminu­tions, observeing the place they stand in, whither on the Dexter or Sinistsr side of the Escochion, nameing their maner of forme and the colour they are off.

LIIII. He hath for his Armes Argent, three Bends (or Bendletts) in Chief Gules. by the name of Byr [...]n. These I call Bends in Chief, because they are all seated in the top or head, or chief part of the Escochion, no part of them falling into the Dext [...]r side, but all on the Sinister; which they could not be, if any of them were drawn out of the Chief. Some term them Bendletts on the Sinister side of the Escochion: or on the uper part of the Escochion.

A 3 such V by the name of Honnorrell.

LV He beareth Or, a B [...]udlett Endented on the Lower side, betweene two other; that in base on both, Sable. by the name of Detryment. Others blazon it thus, Three Bends of which one & an halfe is Endented to the base. And others 3. Bendlets, the midle on the neither side and an other in base Endented. Others again I finde termes them 3. bends the mIdle Indented on the bottom, and that in base on both sides.

LVI. He beareth Argent, two Bends Azure, Engrail­ed, Sable. Which is born by Golt [...]xt in the D [...]chy of Bra­bant. This Coate is also blazoned, 2. Bends Engrailed Surmounted of as many. se Cha: 3 numb: 68. an Ex­ample of like nature. [...] G the bend O engrailed A, betw: 6 Coronetts Contrary-posed of the Second: born. by Elsas. Quarterly A & G on the first & last a Bend & 2 & 3 such a Bend Counter-changed. is the coate of [Page 34] the [...] of Str [...]sburg, in Germame.

V the Bend A Engr: O. is born by Milforth.

LVII. He beareth Or, two Bends, that in dase, Hnm­ett, (or Hametted) in the Dexter end, Sable. born by T [...]mm [...]r. Some do blazon it, 2 Bends the undermost C [...]o [...]ed, (or cut Short) in the Top. Se the meaning of the Termes: Humett & Cooped. In the Examples of Fesses of that nature: numb: 63.

LVIII. He beareth Azure, a Bend Archy, Or: Edg­ed, & Aderned, with three of the Celestiall Signes, viz:Sag [...]t [...]rius,Scorpio, &Libra, Sables. This is and may be termed, a Bend containing the fourth part of the Zodiacke; because it hath but three of the Signs fixed theron. If six of them were Seen upon it, then it is termed the Hemi-Spheare, or the Hemi-Zodiacke: That is halfe of the Zodiacke Circle, which is as much as can be seen of the Cele [...]tial Globe at one Instant of tyme & place.

♂ on a Bend Sinister ☽: Three of the Selestial Signes, Viz: ♐ ♏ & ♎ of the first. Is born by the King of Spain in memory of his Discovery of that Quarter of the World called America.

LIX. He beareth Or, three Bends Gules, Floried on the Tops, Sable. by the name of Florisham. Some of our old Heraulds terme these 3 Gartiers, or Costs, Couped on the Top & Flowried.

LX. He beareth Argent, two Bends, the one at the bot­tome, and the other at the Top, Couped & Irradicated or Rent and Torn, (or else Splentered, as some have it) Gules. by the name of Brekenst [...]sse. In such beareings as these, the higher, or that next the Chief, with its concern­ments ought to be first named.

G the like A is born by Splendering.

Of the Fesse

2 THE Next Ordsnary in order to be spoken off, is the Fesse, which is Formed of a two-fold Line, Drawn over-thwart the breadth of the Escochion, in the midle thereof. Which in its Contanent, comprehends the third part of the field, and may not be Diminished.

3. This word Fesse, cometh from a French word that signifieth, The Loines of a m [...]n. This Ordinary hath [...]ine Anciently taken for the same which the Latines call, Baltheum Militar [...] or Cineulum Honoris, a Belt of Honor, because it divideth the field into equall parts, it selfe occu­pying the midle between both: even as the Girdle Inviron­eth the midle part of a man; which was a gift in Ancient tymes, bestowed by Emperours and Kings and their Gene­ralls of the field, unto Souldiers for reward of some especi­all Service. As we may se by Ioab's words to the Messen­ger that saw Absalom hanging in the Oake: Why hast thou not killed him, that so I might have rewarded thy Service with ten Shekells of Silver, & a Girdle (or Armed Belt) as it is in 2 Sam: 18 11. And amongst the Macedonians it was ordained by a Military Law, that the Souldier that had not Killed an enimy: Non militari Cingulo▪ sed Capistro ci [...]geretur. Should not be girt with an Armeing Girdle, but with an Halter.

LXI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse, Gules. by the name of Solers. And also by the familey of Dodingsels.

O the like B born by Vernon Baron of Shipbrock: one of the Ancient Barony's in the County Palatine of Chester.

LXII He beareth Azure, a Fesse Uoided, Argent. by the name of Bluhall. Some will say, Uoided of the Field, which needs not: for by the terme, Uoyded, or Uoiding, is ment, that the colour of the field is seen be­tweene the sids of the Fesse. If the Voided part were of any other colour then that of the field, it is then blazoned, a Fesse Argent, Surmounted of an other' Gules: or of such or such a colour. And againe others do terme them two Barrs, or a Barr Gemeile, Yet it cannot be either, seing it is only the breadth of the Fesse, and set in its own place: whereas the Barrs do equally divid the field. And besides are never born Single. se numb: 86 & 92.

LXIII He beareth Argent, a Fesse Couped, Sable. Anciently this was termed a Fesse Carneile, and by some a Humett, or an Hawmed, as Legh pa 106. & Bosa: pa: 14. If three such as these be in one Coat, then they are and may be properly termed, three Humetts, which by reason of their Extention can be set no other-wayes, then one aboue an other, which is such cases needs no mention­ing to be in Pale. S the like A born by Bostock.

O such a Fesse G by Masham of Essex.

A 2 such V on each 3 flowers De-lis born by Rawley

Er: 3 such G by Dabrigcourt. or Abbriscourt.

LXIV. He beareth Or, a Fesse Humett, Gules. by the name of Humets. This differeth from the Fesse coup­ed in this: That it sheweth its thickness, whereas the other lyes plain on the field shewing none at all. Gwilliams folio 309. is of an oppinion, that this is more properly called a Table, others a Grave ston, and so the same hath bin anciently blazoned. G the like betw: 3 Trestles A by the name of Stratford of Glostershsre.

LXV. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Imbattelled, on the Top, (or higher side) Azure. born by Battlewall. As this is Imbattled, so you shall finde them Indented, En­grailed, Champaine, and the like: according to the se­verall veriaties of Lines before shewed &c: Morgan [...]n his Sphere l: 2 fo 41. Saith, This is the only Imbattelled, for if it be so on both sides the Ordinary, then it is termed pro­perly Counter-Imbattelled.

A such another S by Walton, & by Van Crumenaw.

A the like G by the name of Plaunche.

LXVI He beareth Or, a Fesse Crenell, (or Imbat­telled) Gules. by the name of Crebott. se the next n 67.

A the like betw: 3 Escallops S born by Beckingham.

LXVII. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Imbattelled-counter-Imbattelled, Argent. Here you may se the difference of Counter-Imbattelling, (or Counter-Battleing) to that as hath but only the terme of Imbat­telling, the one being a Fesse in its full thickness, with the Battlements set in good order, & opposite one to the o­ther: but this hath the Battlements the one contrary to the other, so that where there is a void place betweene the Battleing on the one side, it hath that want snpplyed, by haveing the Battleing against it on the other side. And be­sides all this, In the Counter-battleing, the Fesse hath not the same Proportion in thickness, as the Imbattle­ing, for it containes not above the thickness of a Barr.

The aforesaid coat belongs to the name of Barnas.

G 2 such A is born by Arggeln. & by Prancke.

LXVIII He beareth Argent, a Fesse Brettessed, Gules [Page 35] This is likewise no broader then a Barr, and hath the Brettesses set one against the other, as is shewed more fully in the Bend of this nature. numb: 32.

LXIX. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Battled-Imbat­telled, Argent. This is as it were, Double Imbactell­ed: or else, haveing one Battlement upon an other. So that in these five last examples, you may see five ways of bearings in Battlements, and all contrary to others, both in shape, & in the termes of blazoning; Yet neere in re­semblance. others call this a Fesse Grady Imbattelled. and is born by the name of Armestronge. se c 3 n 84.

LXX. He beareth Or, a Fesse Nowye, Azure. by the name of Fessermow. This Nowy is born Quadrant, and Lozeng-wise, of which I gave examples in Bends, n [...]m [...]: 31 34. This is also of some Authors termed a Fesse Bottony, or Pometty. Which being Gules, in a field Argent. is born by A [...]ibson.

LXXI. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Indented, Argent▪ born by the name of De-bingham. Here you se the differ­ence of an Indent, & a Dauncett: The one hath as many Points, or teeth, as you please, standing either contrary or opposite one to the other: but the Dauncett never ex­ceedeth three points (Some say foure) on the top: And that the Points in the bottom, strike directly into the points on the top; So that it seemes to be but a Crooked Fesse, which were it Stretched out, would be Straight, and euen. Which the Indented one could, nor would not be.

A the like G born dy the name of Barton.

LXXII He beareth Argent, a Fesse Dauncett, (or Dauncettee) Purp [...]re. by the name of Stonma [...]sh. or St [...]ndmarch. This hath anciently bine blazoned a Dan­ce; or Dancee: & a Fesse Counter-Indented. It is the oppinion of some Authors, that if the Dauncetts exceed 3 points on the top they ought to be number'd, as a Fesse of 4 5 or 6. Pecces: That is, hath 4 5 or 6 Points on the higher Side. Yet for my own part, I hold it best made when it consists only of 3. points.

This kinde of Fesse I have not only seen Dauncett, but the points have bine Ingra [...]ed, Invecked, & Wa­ved, &c: Which is one addition of a Line to an other; makeing such Coats Prodigious, Yet the like beareings are above 300. yeares old.

A a Fesse Daunsy G (so called of old) & boru by Che­dle of Che [...]le. also by Dedeyne

Er: the like S. born by Deincourt. & G the like A is born by the name of Papworth.

LXXIII He beareth Or, a Fesse Dauncett Coun­ter-Flory Gules. by the name of Flower. And after o­thers, a Fesse Dauncett of two Peeces Floritee. by some termed thus (haveing but two Points) a Double, or two Cheverons Conioyned in Fesse, Counter-Flory. In Coats of this nature, it is very necessary to Number the Points, else the Tricker of Coats may be de­ceived by its terme of blazoning.

B such a Fesse Flowry. O is born by Ploden.

LXXIIII He beareth Argent, a Fesse Dauncett Go­bony, Sable & Gules. or else a Fesse Daunsy, Paly of 6. For the Gobony in such Ordinaryes are ever drawn from Point to Point, or else it will not keep an Handsome Deco­coram. This is born by the name of Courtley.

B a Fesse Dauncett Parted per Fesse Endented, A & S. is born by the name of Doling.

A the Fesse Dauncet Gobony O & G. Van Gens- [...]itz:

LXXV. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Debruced, Or. This Fesse I finde termed severall ways: as Fracted, Re­moved, & Double Downe-set. all which is as much as to say, a Broken Fesse. se numb: 37. Such a Fesse is born dy Raumburgh in Germanie.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Nebulee on the top, & Invecked in the Bottom, Gules. This is born by the name of Wakewater. The Invecked points ought to an­swer the midle of the Nebulee points, else it is not right [...]y Drawn: besids one part of the Fesse wilbe droader & thick­er then the other, if that be not observed in the Composure of the Ordinary, either of this or any other kinde.

LXXVII. He beareth Or, a Fesse between 2. Barru­letts, Azure. This is born by the name of De la Mare. It is of some termed a Fesse Cotized, or betwn 2. Cotizes: but that is very improper, by reason a Cos [...], or Cotize, is the Diminution of a Bend, and must be set alwayes Bend-wayes, else it loseth it name. But this being the Diminution of a Barre, and set after the maner of a Barr must therefore have its proper term belonging to it selfe, & not to take its name from that to which it hath no Affinity.

It is [...]y others termed, a Fesse between 2. Geme [...]e: And that is as farr from the Marke as the other: For a Gemell ever goeth by Paires, or Couples, & not to be Seperated, but here being parted the are no more Gemells, or Twinns, but Barr [...]ietts.

This is by some more Skilf [...]ll, blazoned a Fesse between 2. Clossetts.. Which is more proper then Cotizes: be­cause the Clossett is the halfe Barr, & is a Diminitive of or from it, as you will heare here [...]ter. unmb: 81. So then to say a Fesse Clossed, or Clossitted, are no bad termes.

A. the like S is born by Sch [...]rp-feste [...] in the Pala [...]ia [...]te of Rhyne. Also A a Fesse & one Barrulett over it V. is born by the same name. G the like A by Pry [...]rs.

LXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Gules, be­tween two Barruletts Flory Vert. Here in this Ex­ample, take notice of the difference between Flory, (or Flority, or F [...]urt, as some call it) and Counter-Flo­ry: The Flory or Flurt being only the tops or heads of the Flowers de lis; and the Counter-Flory or Counter-Flurt, have both parts of the Flower de lis▪ but with this difference, that the heads and feet, or bottom part, are ever set contrary one to the other, as in numb. 73. and 83. see the same in a Bend Counter Flory, numb. 36. born by the Name of Trient, of Holland.

LXXIX. He beareth, Or, a Fesse, Azure, between two Barrs Geme [...]l, Imbattelled, Sable. Here is the right term and nature of a Gemell, which like Twins ever go together, there is no parting them: Yet some have blazoned these a Fesse between two double Coti­zes, or (double Cotized) though improperly. Therefore note, That when the Fesse is between two single ones they are termed Barruletts; if they be double, they are Barrs Gemelle; if trebble, they are Barrul [...]tts again; born by the Name of Lamare.

A. a like Fesse B. by the Name of W [...]lfare.

G. the Fesse Cheque Az. S. the Gemells. O. born by Whitwell.

A. Fesse per Fesse Indented: V and S the Gemells counterchanged, born by the name of Stowell.

LXXX. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Ermine edged between two Barrulets: Or: if the Field had been White, [Page 36] I should then have said, 4 Ermyne between two Barrs Gemelle. This is born by the Name of Passaw, a German Family.

S. the Fesse E [...]s▪ the edging and Barruletts. A. born by Strudel.

LXXXI. He beareth Or, a Fesse Argent, edged Gules: or else you may blazon it thus, Or, a Fesse Gules, surmounted of another Argent, born by the name of Weingartyn.

O: 2 barrs: G: edged: S: born by Wittenhorst.

LXXXII. He beareth Azure, a Fesse and Canton Or. What the Canton is you shall know hereafter: But in this Coat, and such of like nature, you must ob­serve, that if these two ordinaries be both of one co­lour, then their parts are not severed by their proper and distinct lines, but are joined together as one entire thing: Nevertheless, they may be easily conceived, what ordinaries they be composed of, notwithstanding the de­fect of the said Lines. And as it falls out in these two, so you shall have the like in Barrs and Cantons, Chie [...]s and Bends, &c. numb. 96.99.

A the like G born by Woodvile.

A 2 Barrs and Canton G born by Deane.

A 3 Barrs and Canton born by Fuller.

S a Chief and Bend A by Chieftaine.

A a Salter and Chief G by Bruse.

LXXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Azure, Coun­ter-Flory (or Counter Flurty) Sable. This is also termed Counter-Flority, Counter-Flurty, and Counter-Flowred; and some Heraulds use this nice distinction be­tween Flurt, and Flurty, as to say, the first signifies the heads of the Flowers de lis only, and the latter for both top and bottom of the Flower de lis, but so as to have them set contrary one to the other, both on Bends, Barrs or Fesses; and the like they observe in Flory and Flority; the first for the heads, and the latter for the whole Flower de lis contrary set, as in this Example; so that by this observation, and Critick distinction, such Heraulds blazon this Coat thus; Argent a Fesse, Azure Flority or Flurty Sable; but I hold it best blazoned, to have the term (Counter) added, and then there is no fear of a mistake in the tricking; which otherwise, upon such nice expressions, there may be. This is born by the name of Flowerage.

V such a Fesse O born by Harold,

LXXXIV. He beareth Or, a Fesse double downsett Gules: Some term it ramped, and coppee. See more in Cheverons, chap. 6. numb. 27. this is born by the name of Beedle.

Party per Fesse B and G the like Fesse Couped A. is born by the name of Van Sintzendorf, in the Dukedom of Austria.

LXXXV. He beareth Argent, a Demi-Belt fixed in Fesse Azure, Buckled, Edged, and Garnished, Or, this is the true Fesse, which is meant for nothing else but a Belt encompassing the middle or waist of a Man; and I call it a demy Belt, because but the one half of it is seen; Though some Blazon it a Soldiers Belt extended in Fesse. This is a German Coat, and is born by the name of Beltmaine.

Of the Barr.

3 THE next in order to the Fesse is the Barre, and may (without offence) be said to be a dimi­nution of the Fesse, though some Heralds hold that it cannot be divided, but that the Barr is an ordinary of it self, which I shall not much dispute about, but leave it to it self.

LXXXVI. He beareth Azure, a Barr Argent. This ordinary differeth from the Fesse, not only as it contain­eth a less proportion, not exceeding the fifth part of the Field (whereas the Fesse occupieth the third part.) but al­so that it is not tied to any certain or prescribed place, as other ordinaries; but may be transferred to any part of the Escochion.

☞ If there be but one in the Field, by the Rules of Herauldry, it is ever blazoned a Fesse, not a Barr; for it cannot be a Barr, except there be two or more in the Escocheon; as you may see in the following Examples; this I having caused to be set here, for no other end than to shew its diminution from the Fesse.

LXXXVII. He beareth Or, a Closet Azure; a Clo­set is a Charge abstracted from a Barr, and contains the half of it in breadth; and of these there may be five in one Field.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent a Barrulet Gules; this is the fourth part of a B [...]rr: These are diversly born in Arms, as plain, engrased, waved, Inbatel­led, and the like, as you have examples in the Fesse be­tween them before shewed, numb. 77, 78, 79. The Bar­rulett saith Leigh, p. 67. cannot be born dividedly, but by couples, unless they be parted with a Fesse or a Barre.

LXXXIX. He beareth Argent, two Barrs Gules; the Field being divided into five equal parts doth right­ly compose this Coat, giving to each a just quantity and proportion: There are diverse opinions concerning the number of Barrs that ought to be contained in one Field; some say more, others less; but after the propor­tion of the Barr without diminishing it, the Field will contain but three, yet to the number of four may (without offence) be blazoned Barrs, and that in my Judgment can be the uttermost, what are above that number are termed Barruletts, or Closetts. This is born by that worthy Gentleman, and person of much Worth and Honor, Sir Thomas Mainwaring, of Pever, in the County Palatine of Chester, Baronett.

B the like A born by Venables, late Baron of Kinder­ton in Cheshire.

A the like S born by the Honorable William Brereton, of Brereto [...], Baron Laughlin in the Realm of [...]eland.

XC. He beareth Or, five Barruletts Azure. This is also blazoned Or, five Closetts Azure: by this exam­ple you may see that the Barr doth loose its name when they amount to above four. In Coats of this nature, the pieces of which they are composed, are always of an odd number, as this doth, being of eleven pieces; but if it chance that they fall out to be even, then it is termed Barry of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12. as you will see in chap. 7. numb. 69.77. where Arms are treated of, which have no predominate colour. Barruletts may be born [Page 37] in Coats to the number of fifteen, but not above. This is born by the name of Youthline.

O five such S. born by Selby or Selsby.

A five such G belongs to the Coat of Valence.

A six such G with a bend B born by Scutevill.

A seven such S born by Samson.

XCI. He beareth Argent, two Barrs between as ma­ny Barruletts Azure. This is of some termed two Barruletts Cotized, or between 2 Cotizes. But Cotizes are the proper term for Bends; yet sometimes the term is borrowed by Armorists to Coats of this nature, for the better blazoning of them, as in the 94. example, and 77. This is born by the name of De la Mough.

XCII. He beareth Argent, three Barrs Gemelle Sable: This is another manner of bearing the Barr, cal­led of some three Gemuletts, or Gemews, or Barrs Cuppulles: because they are ever born by Couples, from whence the term Gemelle of Gemellus, Twinns, is derived▪ for a Child is no Twinn, except there be two, so these Barrs are not termed Gemelles except they stand by Pairs, or Couples.

☞ This term of Gemelle is used to no ordinary save Barrs, the French Herauld part 2. fol. 14. doth blazon this Coat a Fesse of six pieces, but this is in regard the word (Face) stand both for a Fesse and a Barr. And also three Gumelles, they were called ab antiquo. This is born by the name of Creswell.

G 3 such O born by Bensted.

B 2 such A born by Sipherwast.

S 3 such born by Buckton, with a Canton A.

G 3 such O a Canton S. born by Sir Humphry Briggs, of Shasnall, Barronett.

XCIII. He beareth Azure, three Barrs Indented in the neither sides, Argent. born by the name of Vndercut, or Vndercourt.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, two Barrs Cotized Azure▪ and some thus, a Barr Gemelle between two Barrs Cotized: Others term it, a Barr between two Closetts in Chief, and the like in Base. But the first is most proper, though it have but a borrowed term of blazoning by Cotizes) instead of Barruletts.

☞ By which example you may note the difference between the Barrs being together, as numb. 91. and this of the Cotizes between the Barrs; for what thing soever is cotized, if they be two, three, or four, if they be said to be cotized, every particular must and ought to have its own Cotizes; so that the two between the Barrs, shews that one of them belongs to one Barr, and the other to the other Barr, as is shewed in Bends, n [...]mb. 20, 21. some again blazon this 2 Barrs each between two Closetts. This is born by the name of Coupleclosse.

XCV. He beareth Argent, three Barrs, the first with three, the second two, and the third one Imbatell on the top, Gules: Others blazon it three Barrs Imbatel­led on the top, the first with three, the second two, and the last one, by the name of Van Petschach in Holland. The like is born by Van Der Warth of Bavaria.

XCVI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Imbatelled (or Brettessed) parted (or double parted) Sable. This may very fitly be so termed, from the like parting in the example of Crosses, chap. 5. numb. 82.88. being voided, or hollow, save in the places where the Imbatel­ling doth join the same; otherwise if there were no joining in the middle, it would then be blazoned, a Fesse imbatelled, voided. Some term this three Pales cooped, and two Barruletts conjoined Sable. Being all of one colour, they are joined together without the distinction of the lines of the Ordinories, as in the ex­ample before, of a Fesse and Canton, numb. 82. Others term it three Billets and two Barruletts conjoined Sable. This is born by the name of Vau Yssinburgh.

XCVII. He beareth Or, three Barrs Dauncette Vert. by the name of Balumy.

O 3 such G by Del [...]mare.

G 3 such A born by Catenham.

XCVIII. He beareth Argent, three Pales Gules, over all three Barrs Or; born by Strongbare. The like ha­ving the Pales S. and Barrs G. by the name of Barre.

XCIX. He beareth Or, two Barrs a Canton, and another in Sinister Base, Gules, born by De [...]nelough.

C. He beareth Argent, two Barrs Counterpoten­tee Gules, edged Sable. There is some difference be­tween po [...]en [...], and potentee or potented, the one ha­ving the potents on the outside o [...] the Fesse, as you may see in the Bend mentioned in this Plate, numb. 28. And this where they are all composed in the Fesse or Barrs, running contrary one to the other, thereby making them­selves a compleat Ordinary: And as it is in this form of Line, so you will often find Fields and Ordinaries, so made, as in chap. 7. numb. 117. Some t [...]rm this 2 Barrs potented: and also poten [...]ed in 2 Barrs, and Po­tent counter Potent, as n [...]mb. 25. and potency coun­ter potency; And Potency in Point. This is born by the name of Newcut.

Of the Escochion.

4. THE next Ordinary to be treated on, is the Es­cocheen, which is an honourable Bearing, re­presenting the form of an Escocheon, and containeth the fifth part of the Field (as saith Leigh) but his demonstra­ton, pag. 66. denoteth the third part, and may not be diminished: And although it be subject to some altera­tion, by reason of the different forms of Lines before specified, yet it keepeth its own set form of an Esco­chion.

CI. He beareth Argent, an Escoch [...]n Azure. The Escocheon, saith Gwilliams, fol. 86. I [...] it be set in the Fesse point of the Field, then it shall be called an Inescochi­on, or an Escochion of preten [...]e: but if it be remo­ved to any other place in the Field, or if there be more than one, then you shall term the same Escochion or Escochions born by the name of Bartron.

B the same A born by Harleston.

Er. the same G. born by Hulgrave of Hulgrave.

B 3 of the like A. born by the Worshipful Company of Painters.

A 3 such S. born by Sudham; also by Matzingen.

G 3 such each per Pale A and S. two Cheverons coun­terchanged by the name of Schwartz.

O 3 such B born by Van Ahlfingen.

A an Escochion G by Van Gerolt-Stein, of Rhyne Pa­latinate.

CII. He beareth Gules, on an Escochion of pretence, Argent, another Azure. This was anciently termed by the name of a Fesse Target, because it doth occupy [Page 38] the middle or Fesse point of the Shield. This is born by the name of Scutimore. Sir Iohn Ferne terms it an Escochion of pretence, an Engislet, or Fessy Tar­get on an Escochion of pretence, O another B charged with the like A: such an Inescochion is born in the midst of the Quartering of Hume, Lord Hume, in Scot­land.

CIII. He beareth Argent an Escochion Azure; Flo­ry or Flurt, Sable, born by Nichson. Some use the term Fl [...]rt on the outside in form of a Cross, by reason the Es­cochion (say they) might have had the Flory upon it; but then by their good favour, it would admit of another kind of blazoning, as thus; on an Escochion four Flower de Luces [...]ssuant in form of a Cross: Or after some, four Flower de Lis tops fixed to the sides of the Escochion.

☞ But here is one especial note to be heeded, and then the term (on the outside) needs not to be mention­ed, and that is, when the Escochion is Flory on the out parts, then they are both of one Colour, or two; or of the two Metals, for they cannot be of a Colour and a Metal; but if the same Flory be a Charge on the Esco­chion, then the one must be Metal, and the other a Colour, except it be false Armory.

A like Escochion to this I have seen Counter-Flory, which in number never exceeds three tops and three bottoms of the Flower de Luces, as the next example will demonstrate.

A the like B flory, V born by Portugal.

A an Escochion S. from the Dexter Chief Point, a Rose Slip proper, by the name of Altorf, of Switzer­land.

O an Escochion Flory S born by Van Hagenberg.

CIV. He beareth Argent, an Escochion Counter-Flory of Tulipas and Leaves Vert; if these were of contrary Colours then blazon it thus, an Escochion Sable, Counter-flowred, with Tulippas Gules and Leaves Vert. After this manner you will find Escochions flow­red and adorned with variety of Flowers, Leaves, and heads or tops of Crosses, with other such like things, of which you will see some examples in the Orle, in the next Section, numb. 110. and chap. 9, 28, 29, 30. This Coat is born by the Name of Flowercross.

G an Escochion Losengee. G and B counter-flowered with Tulipa's and Leaves O by the name of Schaven­burgh.

Quarterly O and G. an Escocheon B set with 8 flow­er de luces in point S born by Mandeville, some say set in the out-side with 8 flower de Lis all pointing to the Fesse.

CV. He beareth Or an Escochion indented (or cut, hacked and hewed) into on the Sinister side Vert. This sheweth to be a Shield much in Warr which hath recei­ved many blows upon, and cuts into it. This is the Coat Armour of Van Z [...]mmer.

Of the Tresure.

5. THE next in rank of these kind of Ordinaries, is that of the Tresure with its diminutions, viz. the Orle, which have the form of an Escochion, but hath not the solid substance thereof, being they are evermore voided as in these following examples.

CVI. He beareth Argent a Tresure Sable. This word Tresure, may be thought to be drawn or proceed from the English word (Tract) it being only but a Tract or Line drawn about the sides of the Field; to which term or signification Vpton aludeth, giving it this blazon: Argent a Tract Sable: It ever runneth answerable to the sides of the Field, if on a Shield, then it is in the form of an Escochion; if oval, the Tresure is oval; if square, then it is square; if the Field be round, or triangle, the Tresure is answerable thereunto. This with a Rose, is the Coat of Sir Iosias Tr [...]leman.

A a Cheveron G betw. 3 Cross croslets fitched S. within a Tresure counter-flory G. born by Ken [...]thy Earl of Cassels in Sc [...]tland.

CVII. He beareth Or, a double Tresure counter-flory, Gules. This is all the ways that I ever saw the Tresure born as a Tresure, a Tresure-flory, a double Tresure (or double Trace as the French call it) coun­ter-flory, and a trebble, or two double Tresure, counter-flowred.

☞ Now in the Flory, or Counter-flory, if the Tresure be square then it is set with eight flowers, but if it be any other form, it hath but six set about it. This is born by C [...]mine.

☉ the like, with a Lion rampant ♂, is the Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.

Of the Orle.

6. THE next in order of this kind, is the Orle, which is an ordinary composed of a threefold line, duplicated, admitting a transparencie of the Field, throughout the innermost Area or space inclosed. This hath the form of an Escochion, though not the solid substance thereof.

CVIII. He beareth Or, an Orle Azure. An Orle is taken from the French word Oreiller, which signifieth a Pillow, as if it were raised iike a Pillow about the Field. Vpton termeth it in Latine Tractus, a Tract or Traile, and a Trace simple; others an Inner border; some an Urle or Escochion voided. This contains only the proportion, as the Escochion of pretence, which is two parts less than the Tressure, and is ever born in the form of an Escochion, let the Field be either oval, triangle, round, or square. This is born by the name of Bertram.

B the like A. born by Spring.

G the like A. born by the name of Humfrevill.

Mr. Morgan saith, if two of these be in a Field, it is termed a Tressure, but I cannot judge of it so, because this is unalterable, let the Field be what it will; and a­gain this is ever set in the Honor Point, and the Tres­sure about the edg of the Field; so that they are two distinct things.

CIX. He beareth Argent, an Orle of three peeces Sable. The Orle is born (saith Chassaneus) of many pieces to the number of six. They are termed a dou­ble, or twofold, Orle, a Triple Trace, or Orle, &c. This is born by the name of De la Champ.

[Page 39]O the like S born of the Bishop of Main, as Mr. Gwilliams, fo. 87. hath set it down.

CX. He beareth Or, an Orle, at each point, the head of a Cross bottony Azure: The Orle (as the Escochi­on) is often born Flory, counter-flory, and otherwise adorned, which for brevity I forbear to give examples; these may suffice to give instructions for many of this nature. This is born by the name of Orlance, or Or­lace.

G the like A born by Van Zedlitz.

S the like O by Van Rinderbach of Swabidia.

CXI. He beareth Argent, an Orle Imbatelled on the outside Azure. This Ordinary is born diversly, ac­cording to the several forms of Lines, and that on the inner and outward parts severally: This is born by the name of Battleround.

If the Orle be Indented, Ingraled, Invecked, &c. on both sides, then it needs no mentioning, but an Orle Ingraled, and so of the rest; but if it be on the out, or inner side only, then it must be mentioned which side it is.

CXII. He beareth Or, an Orle Ingraled Gules. Vpton (cited by Gwilliam, fol. 87.) blazons this an Orle Ingraled on both sides.

☞ Note, that diverse Charges, as well Artificial as Natural, are born Orleways, or in Orle: as likewise in form of Cross, Bend, Cheveron, Salter, &c. The ex­amples whereof I must pass over, until a fit place be of­fered to handle things of that nature. The Orle is likewise composed of the sundry sorts of Furrs, but that I hold needless to use examples, seeing by their diverse manner of bearing in other Ordinaries, they may be easily conceived; and therefore shall leave them to ob­servation. The French blazon this a Trace engreilee on both sides.

S the like A between 3 Cressants Er. born by Bate­man.

CXIII. He beareth Argent, an Orle and Hurts.

☞ Here I mention no colour of the Orle, because it is to be understood to be of that colour as the Hurts are, which is ever Blew. This is born by the name of Shelhurst. Also things set in Orle, or about the Orle are ever of the number of eight, which needs no num­bring or telling; but if they exceed or diminish, then number them as in the next.

A the Orle with Martlets S. born by Winnington and Leftwich.

CXIV. He beareth Or, an Orle Gules, 10 Billetts (in Orle as some term it) Sable.

☞ If any thing be set about the Orle, they are set after the manner of these two examples, and if they ex­ceed 8 in number, they are to be numbered, or under; else not. This is born by the name of Arrowsmith.

This was anciently blazoned an Orle of Humets per Border, because they supplied the place of the Bor­dure.

A the same S. born by Filkin

G the like Er Semy de Billets O born by Welhope or Wallope. The same also by Walleys.

G an Orle & Semv Crusilee O by Bertram.

S the like A Bazontee by Hauks.

Of the Flanches and Flasques.

7. THE next ordinary that follows in order, and according to the method of our Engraving them on the Plate, is the Flanches; which is an ordinary com­posed of a twofold line, drawn somewhat distant (but ra­ther directly) from the corners of the Escochion in Chief, and so swelling by degrees, until they come to the mid­dle of the said Escochion, and from thence descending unto the base points, as in the examples.

CXV. He beareth Gules, two Flanches Argent. This word Flanch, is derived from the French word Flans, which signifies the Flank of Man or Beast. I set the Flanches in the first place, not for preheminence of place) but because of its greater swelling into the Field than the other, and also by reason they are diminuti­ons from this. In the making of these Flanches I ra­ther follow the form of Gwilliams, pag. 84. than that of Leigh, pag. 70. who makes them swell so far into the Field, that they do in a manner touch each other; which they ought not to do.

CXVI. He beareth Or, two Flasques Azure. This is held for the more honorable ordinary (although it be but a derivative from the other) in regard it is more usually born. The term Flasque is either from the French word Fleshier, or of the La [...]ine word Fle [...]o, to bend or bow. These Flanches Flasques are ne­ver born single, but always by couples; and sometimes you shall find these ordinaries composed of the several sorts of Lines before said, and also charged upon as others. This is the reward of a Gentleman for good service.

S an estoile O between them Er. born by Hubard.

CXVII. He beareth Azure, two Uoiders Argent. This is another deminution from the Flattche, and containeth the third part thereof. They are called Uoiders, from the French Vorre, which signifieth a Look­ing-Glass or Mirrour, which in ancient times were made commonly in that bulging form.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, two Flasques Or, edged Gules; or after other, 2 Flanches charged or surmounted by Flasques. By the name of Iury.

CXIX. He beareth Azure, two square Flasques Argent: Some term them two Flasques rect-ang [...]ed, or acute-angled; but I should rather take them for two Triangles in the place of Flasques. Born by the name of Van Darlipp, alias Van [...]erlip.

CXX. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Azure, two Flasques engraled, Or; surmounted of as many Gules. Some hold that the Flasques cannot be void­ed, for then instead of Flasques they are to be blazon­ed, two Cheveron arches couchant dexter and si­nister. This is born by Van S [...]ualtb. rlt, a Low Country Name and Family.

Sometime the Fesse surmounts the Flanehes as in these Examples.

A 2 Flanches Chequice O. and B. over all a Fesse Er. by Waring.

G 2 Flanches Chequice O and B the Fesse O War­way.

TO THOMAS COWPER, Of the City of CHESTER, Gent. Son and Heir of Thomas Cowper, of the said City, Alderman and Justice of the Peace. Major, 1641. WOrthy Friend, Your forwardness in promoting this Work hath provoked many of our Citizens to the like Zeal, which is thankfully acknowledged by him who is ready to serve you whilest R. H.

CHAP. V.

1. THE next ordinary to be spoken of, is the Cross, which is an ordinary composed of a fourfold Line, whereof two are perpen­dicular, the other two are transverse; for so we must conceive of them, though they are not drawn throughout, but meet in couples, in four acute Angles near about the Fesse point of the Escochion. This Ordinary together with the Salter, are subject to no diminutions as other Ordinaries are; yet the Con­tents thereof are not always the same; but they are made lesser or bigger according to their being or not being charged. For the Cross being single, it is the fifth part of the Field, but charged upon, it contains the third part; as in the examples

Of the Cross.

I. He beareth Azure, a Cross Or. In antient times it was drawn after this form, and is taken to be the true shape of the Cross on which it is said our Savi­our suffered; yet this form of bearing it, hath been much altered, through the inconsiderate handling of common and unskilful Painters; so that this Cross I have caused to be Cut, only to shew how in ancient Rolls of Antiquity it was formerly depicted; and indeed most consonant to Reason, that the Stem or lower part thereof should be much longer than the cross part, by so much as was requisite for its fixing in the Ground: Yet in the rest of the Crosses following, I shall imitate the vulgar manner of bearing now used. This form of Cross, if it were couped or cut off from the Field, is termed a long Cross, as numb. 45.

II. He beareth Argent, a Cross Gules. This is so generally known in England, that it is usually blazon­ed only St. George's Cross, or the Cross of England. Vp­ton in his time saith, that several Armorists gave it this blazoning; the Shield Gules, four quarters Argent, which is a very uncertain way for to decipher a Cross, seeing quarters all meet in the Center of the Escochion; they might far better have termed them Cantons. If it be not charged, some term it per Cross.

Crosses do receive diversity of names, according to the diverse sorts of Lines whereof they are composed.

A the Cross G the Patronal Cross of St. George for England.

O the same G St. Patrick for Ireland.

B the same O St. Dennis for France.

A the Cross G in the dexter quarter a Bloody Dag­ger; which is the Coat Armour of the honourable City of London.

G the same O by the name of Savoy.

S the same O by the name of F [...]nnel.

V the like O by the name of Rising.

III. He beareth Sable, a Cross couped and pier­ced, Or: Some term this a plain Cross of equal length.

☞ If there be more than one in the Escochion, then they need not to be termed couped; except there be some of the ordinaries between them.

Of Crosses pierced.

2. THere are three ways of piercing the Cross and Salter, which is only in the middle of them, and that is when the colour of the Field is seen through [Page 41]

[figure]

[Page 42] the same; wherefore good heed must be taken in bla­zoning Coats of this nature; For,

  • First, if the piercing be round, then the term pier­ced or perforated, shall suffice to signifie an orbicular or round pierce or hole in the middle of the Cross; but if it be otherwise than round, then it must be named.
  • Secondly, a Cross pierced-Losenge-ways, that is, af­ter the form of a Losenge, with the points or acute Angles; streight upward and downward. Some say pierced Losengee, as numb. 65.
  • Thirdly, a Cross or Salter pierced quarterly; or quarter pierced, that is, when the hole through the Cross is foursquare, as numb. 13.

☞ If these piercings be in any other part of the ordinary but in the middle, then they are not to be accounted for piercings, but for charges. Or if the Cross a [...]oreshewed, (or a Salter) had with the piercing, any more of the same nature upon any other part; as four of them at the four ends, or else were charged with any other thing, Natural or Artificial, then the pierce is no pierce, but a charge.

IV. He beareth Argent, three Crosses sable, they are never termed couped if there be more than one in a Field, for they are ever understood to be so: neither can two or three be in a Shield except they be couped; without there be some other ordinary between them to which they may be fixed, as a Fesse between two Cros­ses, or a Pale or Bend between two, and the like, as in cap. 8. numb. 67. In which respect they must be termed couped, because they can be fixed to ordinaries, which they cannot in such like coats as this example. This Cross alone in a field, is by Leigh, pag. 30 called a plain Cross humett, or a croissett, and others a Crossett, that is a little Cross. This is born by the name of Cros­by. These Crosses are born composed of the several sorts of Lines, as is before described; and to give exam­ple of all the kinds thereof, is needless; seeing I have done it fully in Pales and Bends, therefore omit them here, seeing there is plenty of other sorts of Crosses.

B a Cross O charged with 5 Roses is born by Grange.

Such a Cross B charged with 9 Beazants, is Hagken's Crest of Westphalia.

V. He beareth Argent, a Cross recoursie Sable. This is by some blazoned a Cross Sable, surmounted of another Argent: of Morgan, lib. 2. fol. 55. it is termed a Cross clechee, but it is fittest recoursie, because it hath the substance of the Cross taken away, the out­sides and ends of it only remaining; and differeth from the Cross voided only in this, that it hath ends, and the voided, none. This is born by the name of Klacher.

VI. He beareth Vert, a Cross recoursie couped, Or▪ by the name of Courser. This is of some termed a Cross coursie voided; others a Cross umbrated, but the umbrated Cross is tied to one colour, which is a blackish or dark colour; but this of recoursie may be of any colour of Mettle, neither hath umbrating so full a skore or so thick a line as this, but only a small line, to make as it were the sign or shadow of a Cross.

Some Heraulds are of opinion, (to whom I adhere,) that the term voiding, is a term only belonging to Crosses that are conjoined to the sides of the Shield, or those that are couped from it, which in the voiding have no ends to the Cross, but the field seen quite through; and that the term recoursie to belong to all sorts of Crosses that are only voided of the field, yet hath the true form of the Cross, which it should have if it were not voided, as you may see in the exam­ples, numb. 10, 11. and that umbrating is only a draw­ing or tricking out the form of any Cross with a dark­ish line, without any substance of a Cross to cast a sha­dow; but is only a meer shadow, as numb. 73.

The like rule may be observed for voiding and re­coursie, in Bends, Pales, Salters, Cheverons, &c. as a Cheveron voided, and a Cheveron recoursie, chap. 6. numb. 7, 9, 10.

B a Cross flurt recoursie A born by Melton.

B a Cross croslett the same A born by Basing [...], and so of the rest of the Crosses.

O the like G born by Crekner.

VII. He beareth Azure, a Cross couped Gules, fim­briated or bordered Argent. Ferne pag. 173. terms this a Cross Argent charged with another Gules; but it is too large a Cross to be charged on another, as the two examples following will manifest. Born by the name of Grassior.

VIII. He beareth Azure, a Cross Argent surmount­ed of another Sable. This is of some termed a Cross edged, in regard so little of the under Cross doth ap­pear, as if it were but an edge, or border, or guard about the sides; but to be edged or bordered, ought to be whole at the ends as well as the sides. Born by the name of Bleashume.

IX. He beareth Vert, a Cross Argent charged with another Gules. Here in these three last examp [...]es you may see the difference between fimbriating (or edg­ing,) of surmounting, and of charging; the edges of the Crosses in bordering ever goeth round the Cross, and surmount hath but a little part of the under Cross to be seen, and that on the sides only; but the Crosses charged, have a greater part of the under Cross seen, and the Cross upon it much narrower, not containing above the third part of the Cross charged. Born by the name of Cros [...]late.

X. He beareth Argent, a Cross voided Sable. This seems to be like the Crosses before said, one to be on another; but if you diligently observe, it is no Cross, but the Field seen through it. Some term this void­ed of the field, which needs not, for by voiding, is al­ways understood to be of the colour of the field. By the name of Woodneth.

This Cross is born also, waved, voided, and en­graled, &c. which is by some Heralds termed sarcelled engraled, which is as much as to say a Cross engraled sawen asunder; but this word sarcelled, is much laid aside.

A such a Cross B born by Wastborn.

S the like A by Walsham.

S the like O by Pulderfield.

B the like O by Cruecur.

G the like A by Duxbury.

XI. He beareth Azure, a Cross voided and coup­ed, Or. Morgan, lib. 4. fol. 60. terms this a Cross recercell disjoint. By the name of Crevequer, of some written Crevecure.

[Page 43]XII. He beareth Or, a Cross Gules, voided of another Sable. Ferne terms this a Cross resarcelled of another; this is an entire Cross, with another stand­ing at a little distance from it, on every side of it. This voided Cross you shall find composed of the seve­ral sorts of Lines before shewed; for the blazoning of which, you must ever have a care to name the inner Cross first, for the other without it, is understood to be cut or sawed from it, as I have given you an example of a Cheveron of this kind, chap. 6. numb. 11.

Crosses then of this nature are thus to be blazoned; Vert, a Cross Or, voided of another (ingraled, wa­ved, indented, &c.) Argent. If both be of one colour or mettle, then they are both to be named, with the form of the line they are composed, before the colour; which being but once named, signifieth both to be the same.

☞ Note here also, that the ingraling, inveck­ing, indenting, and imbatteling, or what other line the Cross is composed of (except waveing, ought to be plain on that side next to the Cross, the out-sides on [...]ly to be composed of the said lines; for in voidings of this nature, the inner side is ever understood to be plain as you see in many examples of this work among the Bends, Piles, Cheverons, &c. chap. 3. numb. 87. and cap. 6. numb. 12.

But if it fall out otherwise, that you meet with Coats otherwise ingraled, indented, and the like, as it may be Heraulds (who little understand the rules of blazon­ing) will, and do often invent such preposterous Coats, and ingrale or indent them (with the Cross also) on all sides, then it is but adding this (ingraled, &c. on both sides) in your blazoning; as for example, the field is Argent, a Cross ingra [...]ed Azure, voided of another, invecked on both sides, Sable.

XIII. He beareth Or, a Cross parted Azure. There is difference amongst Authors in the blazoning of this Coat; some will have it to be a Cross, others to be none. Morgan lib. 2 f [...]l. 104. lib. 3. fol. 11.29. terms it in one place, a Cross quartered, and in another place, a Cross quarter voided, and quarter pierced and voided, which are no proper terms, by reason that quartering is rather understood to be some partition and division of a Cross, or any other Ordinary into quarter colours; and not a breaking or dividing of it into pie­ces, as this Cross; see a Cross quartered, or quar­terly quartered, numb. 57. Vpton calls this a Cross perforated, which is all one to Mr. Leigh's term of quarter pierced; which it cannot properly be neither; for a piercing doth not extend it self to the utmost sides or limits of the Cross; but doth receive the pier­cing in the middle, there being the substance of the Cross on all sides and corners of it, which is not so in this.

Others again hold it to be a division of the field in­to nine equal parts, being three rows of which Chequie is said to receive the name; more it may be, but no less; therefore because it is the very least, they give it this blazon, Chequie of Nine. The French Herald, part 3. fol. 31. terms it five points Or, squared order­ly into four, Azure; a Cross charged in the mid­dle (or heart) with a point; and a [...]so four points made equal. This Coat is born by the name of Skattergood.

A such a Cross G is born by Hagenbach of Switzer­lan [...].

I have seen such a Bearing as this, yet divided from the sides of the Escochion in manner of a Cross, the two squares a [...]ove and below much longer than the sides, have five Cinquesoils interposed or set between the part­ed Cross in each void place of the field; which I judg may be thus blazoned, Argent four long sq [...]ares, or long flat squares in Cross, with five Cinquefoils in­terposed Azure. By the name of Squarvile.

XIV. He beareth Argent, a plain Cross waved Azure. Some term it a watery Cross, because it re­presents the Waves of Water, which is drawn upon the Cross by a darker colour than the Blew is. Born by the name of Waver.

XV. He beareth Azure, a Cross corded Or, and Sable. These two Crosses are by Vpt [...]n termed quite, contrary; for the first he calls a plain Cross corded, and this a plain watery Cross; but Leigh terms them thus, whose example I rather follow, being most agree­able to reason, and the nature of the things. Born by the name of Cordwiner.

XVI. He beareth Or, a Cross Barry Nebulee, Gules and Argent. As this is wrought all over with Barry N [...]bulee in point, as some term it; so you shall find them born invented, varry, chequie, go [...]b [...]ny, counter-compony, &c. This is born by the name of Waterer [...]ft.

O a Cross G masculed A by the name of Van Zorn.

XVII. He beareth Sable, a Cross Or interlaced with an Annulett Gules. Some term it fretted with an An­nulett. Born by the name of Van [...].

XVIII. The field is Or, a Cross Azure, with a de­my Flower de lis on each side Sable; the bottoms all turned (or pointing) to the Fesse part. Born by the name of Flowers [...]y. What I have said in numb. 107. about the flowering either of the sides or tops of ordi­naries, will seave as a rule to this, to which I referr you.

XIX. He beareth Gules, a Cross crossed, Argent. Some term it a Cross [...]. Some a [...] Cross crossed; and a Cross crossed fi [...]t. S [...]rely that He­rauld did greatly mistake himself, who termed it a Cross raguled, (for so I have se [...]n it termed in a late Patent) when it is nothing like it; for Ragulings, are Knotches or Knotty pieces standing out of the sides Bevile ways; as in the two next examples. It is term­ed also a Cross Nowyed quadrat. See numb. 22. and 99. This is born by the name of Dazel, or Van Dasell.

XX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Crenelle Azure. This is also termed a Cross raguled, as much as to say a ragged Cross; but this term Raguled is more proper for the following Cross, being ragged and knot­ty like the Limb of a Tree whose Branches have been cut or cropped off.

☞ This term Crenelle is seldom used but to things of a climing nature, as the Cross, Salter and Bend, where the Knots are set Bevile wise: For the Fesse, Cheveron, or Bars, and the like, it is blazoned (Bat­tled [Page 44] or Imbattelled.) This is born by the name of Rag [...]lar.

S such a Cross O born by Stoway.

G the like O by the name of Lyston.

A the like S by the name of Worth of Worth.

A the like G born by Laurence.

XXI. He beareth Gules, a Cross raguled Argent. Gwilliams, fol. 387. terms it raguled and trunked: And Morgan, lib. 2. fol. 10. calls it a Cross trunked; but I conceive that the word trunked were better used, and more proper for this Cross, when it is wholly cut off from the sides of the Escochion; for to say trunked to this Cross, is the same as couped in another, as Leigh, pag. 31. hath it: Yet his Scholar Boswell, pag. 136. bla­zons such a Cross ragged and couped, see numb. 108. This is born by the name of Ragstaffe.

Of Crosses Nowy.

XXII. He beareth Sable, a Cross Nowy Or; it is also termed a Cross Nowy in the Cen [...]er, to distin­guish it from the Nowy Cross where the rounds are on the shanks of the Cross, as numb. 97. but that is term­ed Nowyed, shewing it hath more than one; this be­ing Nowy, which signifieth only one, which must then be fixed in the center of the Cross as the fittest place. This is born by the name of Roundeross.

There are three ways of Nowy in Crosses.

The first is round, that is only termed Nowy.

The second is Nowy Losengie, which is, when the round part is made after the form of a Losenge, as you may see numb. 65.

And the third is Nowy Quadrat, or square in the middle, which Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 68. terms a Cross quadrat in the Center; as much as to say Nowy quarterly. After these three ways are all other Cros­ses subject to, to which after the naming of the form of the Cross, you must add this word Nowy, for usually Crosses are so born in Coats of Armes: If the Nowy be on the shanks of the Cross it is termed Nowyed, sig­nifying more than one, see numb. 97. and 99.

Of the Cross Patee.

2. ALL the former Crosses spoken of, are such as naturally were fixed to the sides of the Shield, and such as are derived from them: I shall now pro­ceed to give you some examples of Crosses which are not fixed, but stand as a charge in the middle of the Esco­chion.

XXIII. He beareth Gules, a Cross Patee Or. This is by Leigh termed a Cross Formie: And Vpton calls it a Cross Patent. I have seen it in an old MS. blazoned a plain Cross streight, from its streightness in the middle. But Bara and some others term it Pa­tee, and gives this reason, quia extremitates ejus sunt pa [...]ulae, because the ends are broad and open, and with these agree many of our Blazoners. This is born by the name of Islip.

G the like A by the name of Cross.

O and G per Pale, such a Cross counterchanged, by the name of Clapton.

S 3 such A is born by Van Schonenburg.

XXIIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Patee Azure, Fim­briated or Bordered, Gules. This is born by Fombriall.

For the term Fimbriated or Edged, and how it do's differ from Charging or Surmounting, I hawe shew­ed in the examples before numb. 5 6 7 8 9.

Argent a Crofs Patee Uoided Gules. Is born by Sr. Will: Braconbridg. This Cross Voided differeth from the▪ Fimbrjated, In this▪ that the Voided shews the field throw it; but Fimbriated is a whole Cross, but it is Edged or Bor­dered with an other colour.

XXV. He beareth Gules, a Cross Patee Fitched in the foote, Argent▪ his is born by the name of Finchert. Some blazon it, Fitched (or Figetive) in the foote of the fourth: and it is termed Fitched, of the Latine word Figo, to Fasten, or make Sure: Because by the Sharpness added to the foote thereof, it becometh more apt to be fastned any where in the ground.

O such a Cross G dorn by Sc [...]d [...]more.

G the like A is born by Fressen ▪ or Freshell.

B the like O is quartered by Oldenburg of Bavaria.

XXVI. He beareth Iupiter, a Cross Patee Fitched, Sol. This was the Coat Armour of Ca [...]wallad [...]r Maur, the last king of the native Br [...]ttaines Lineage.

☞ Note that these two kinds of Fitchings are In­sident to all Sorts of Crosses, of what nature, and Forme soever they be: So that you must take diligent care in the nameing of what kind the Fitching is; whither Fitched, (that is all the whole bottom part) or Fitched in the foot, which is from the midle of the bottom of the Cross.

S such a Cross O born by Collyer.

S the liKe A by Mapl [...]sden.

XXVII. He beareth Diamond, a Cross Patee fitch­ed-rebated, Topaz ▪ born by the Count Littleholden ▪ this is termed Fitched & Rebated: because the Sharp end of it, is (as it were,) Blunted, or Cut off.

XXVIII. He beareth Pearl. a Cross Pat [...]e-Con­caved, (or Rebated Cressant-wise) Ruby. By the name of Wandley. Some term this a Cross Rebated of all foure, in form of a Decressant, or Demy Circle. Others a Cross Patee Blemished, Because part of the broad ends are taken away which doth disfigure it.

☞ If this were Fitched like the former Cross, and Rebated also, then you must have a Care, that you set the term Rebateing, and Fitching, in their right places; that it may be understood what part of the Cross is Re­bated. As thus, a Cross Patee Rebated Fitched, Shews the three parts of the Cross to be Blemished, and the Fitching whole. But a Cross Patee Fitched Rebat­ed, Shews the Fitched part to de Rebated, or cut off. a­gaine a Cross Patee Fitched, both Rebated, or Ble­mished, Shews all the parts of the Cross to be Rebated.

The Cross Patee is also subject to a Double Re­batment, which should have followed, but it is numb: 37

XXIX. He beareth Gules, a Cross Patee Conver­ed, Or. By the name of Honsteine. It is so termed from its Swelling Round, which Artists in Geomatricall Lines, term a Convex, as you may see lib: 3 chap: 9 numb: 27. It is also Blazoned a Cross Patee Glob [...]call, (and Patee [Page 45] Circulated, or Circuled,) For if the corners of the Cross did but meet a little neerer, it wotld then seem to be a Cross directly in a Compass, or Round Circle. And of others (& that not wery Improperly) termed, a Cross Patee Flanchee, or Flaunched. Because they swell Round, as the Flanch & Flasque doth. By the French Ar: morists it is termed, a Cross Patee Alison. The Brick-layers will quickly tell us when they see it, that it is a Cross made of two Brick Axes, or a Cross with the ends of a Brick-Axe forme or shape. see chap: 9. numb: 37.

XXX He beareth Saphire, a Cross Patee fixed in base, (or issuing out of base, as sone have it) Topaz. This is born dy the name of Stidfast,

XXXI He beare [...]h Venus, a Cross Patee Entyre, (or Fixed or Firme) Luna. This is born by the name of Stronger. Because it is the nature of these Crosses to be in the midest of the field, and from thence moveable to any place, according to the Bearers fancie. Therefore it is, that this term (Fixed, or Entyre,) must be added, to shew that contrary to their owne being, they are joyned to the sides of the Esoochion. For as the Crosses which naturally are Immoveable, are termed Couped, If they be severed or disjoyned from the sides: So these which are moveable are termed Fixed, or Entyre, if they be joyned to the sides. Mr: Morgan l [...]b: 4. fol: 27. Blazons this a Cross Formed throughout. from it old name Formee.

☞ And as it is with the Cross Patee, so it is usuall to and with all other Crosses of what form soever; to be also born both Fitched, Rebated, or Entyre. which in the said perticular Crosses I shall forbear to give examples, se­ing these to the Ingenious are sufficient ro give Instructions. Only I shall shew you the severall kindes & formes of Cros­ses used in Armes, which if Fitched &c: you may blazon them according to their being.

A the like S is the Citty or States Arms of C [...]stantz in the Empire of Germanie.

G the like Endented, A. born by Van Muderspach.

XXXII He beareth Amethist, a Cross Patee In­vecked, Topaz. born by the name of Victory. others bla­zon it a Cross Patee Invecked at the ends: But this kinde of Cross is never Ingrailed, Indented, or In­vecked, in any other part but in the broad ends. Therefore needs not to be mentioned, either on the Ends or Toqs.

XXXIII He beaeth Argent, a Cross Patee Crossed, Sable. Of others a Cross Crossed Patee, or a Cross Crossett Patee. In all which there is no false Blazonry. This is born by the name of Crossefall, or Crossefull.

XXXIV. He beareth Or, a Cross Patee Flurt, Sa­bles. born by the name of Swineston. Morgan li. 4. ca. 29. termes it a Cross Formee Flory, I have seen it in an Ancient M. S. blazoned a Cross Flour-de-lusy: or a Cross Formed Fleury.

A. the like G. born by the name of Sousonhill.

A, the like S. born by Swinerton of Swinerton.

XXXV. He beareth Venus, a Cross Patee Fitchee (or a Cross Patee Fitched on all foure) Luna. This is born by the name of Formale. Of some old writers it was termed a Cross Patee-formy. But for what reason I understand not: It being best termed Fitchee, to shew that all foure are Sharpned at the ends, as numb. 58. & 60. from the word Fitched, which shews only one end to be drawn downe Sharp, as numb: 26. & 74.

A. the like S. born by Belgrave of Belgrave.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Coss Patee Fitchee Disjoyned, Sable. Else a Cross Patee disjoynt fitched of all foure, which is no more then the former, but a mul­tiplying of words. Others say disjoynt in the Center, or midle of the Cross. This is a Germane Coat & is born by the name of Van Nordeckinby.

B. such alike O. is born by Brokencrosse.

XXXVII. He beareth Iupiter, a Cross Patee double Rebated, Sol. by the name of Debruse. this is blazoned Double-rebated by reason that the two corners on each side of the tops of the Cross are cut off: whereby it looseth its breadth, which otherwise it would have had. And from this its cuting or Blemishing in two places, it is (as I said before) termed, Double-rebated, both in respect of its own being, as also to distinguish it from that as is but only Rebated, as numb: 28. that being single & on the Top, but this double & on the sides.

Of the Cross Potent.

3. THESE kinde of Crosses resemble the heads of Crowches, which in Elder days were called Po­tents or Potans, as saith old Chaucer.

When lust of youth wasted be, and spent,
Then in his hand he takes a Potent.

XXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Potent Gules. by the name of Malthy. This is by Leigh pa: 4. called a Cross Batune, And also in many old M S. I find it so termed; the reason (as I suppose) is from its composeing of Batunes; or being couped at both ends Batune-like. The French call it a Cross Malthe, Cloche, Crow­chee, or Potency.

G: the like A, born by Peter of Savoy.

O, the like B, by Walwin. & also by Ward.

S, the like O, born by Sr: Edw: Allen Baronett.

XXXIX He beareth Argent, a Cross Potent Cro­ssed, Sable. This was born by Crowcher of Crowcher. Of all Blazoners of old this was called a Cross Gemelle, from the doubleing of the Crouches in the heads of it. this I have seen born in a coat of Armes Fitched in the foot, & blazoned a Cross Gemelle piche.

XL. He beareth Argent, a Cross Potent between 4. other, Sable. The Armes of Vibert de Moredevile. This for shortness is Blazoned a Ierusalem Cross. And thus it is made by the French Heraulds: & after this maner I have seen it born in the Chief of their Shields of Armes, to shew that they were of the holy Society of the Knights Templers of Ierusalem, all which bore it: Though Lei [...]h pa: 32. & some others make the Ierusalem Cross to be a Cross-croslett between 4. Crosses. as numb: 44,

We read of those that were Enrolled for the Voyage into the Holy Land (about the yeare 1187.) received such a Cross from the hands of their Bishopps & Prelates, which was Sowed on the left side of their Garment, right against the heart. The French wore it Red, the English White, [Page 46] the Italians Yellow, the Flemings Green, and the Al­maines & Germanes Black.

A, such a Cr [...]ss O, is the Armes of Ierusalem, & was born by Godfrey of Bullen first Christian king thereof.

Of the Cross Croslet.

XLI. He beareth Azure, a Cross Crossett, Argent; it is also termed a Cross crossie; or a Cross recros­settee; else a Cross crossell; and a Cross crossett, and a Croslett crossed; or more briefly a Croslett; or a Crucell, or Crucellett. By the name of Ta­dington. Vincent, pag. 35. calls it a Recroisee.

A the like Sable. Born by Wickersley, and also by Scott.

O the like B. born by Wickliffe, and by Sinople.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Cross croslett fitched, (or Fitchy) Sable. And a Crucell fitched Sable, so an­ciently. B [...]swell, pag. 38. a Cross crossettie fitchee; others a Crossett fitched. By the name of Scott.

This Cross Croslett is born Flory in all the ends of the Cross, by the name of a Cross Crosset (or Crossette) Flory.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross cros [...]et crossed, Sable. Of some termed a Cross double crossed, and a Cross croslet double crossed. It is (as it were) four cross Cros [...]ets joined in one at the center. In a Ma­nuscript thus I find it termed, a Cross croslet cross­ly. Leigh pag. 32. terms this a Ierusalem Cross, but I suppose his meaning is this Cross following. This is quartered very ancient with Ledesham of Ledesham, and is by the name of Bradwell of Lan [...]ashire.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, a Cross crosset between four Crosses Sable. Some term the four Crosses plain Crosses, and others Crossets, which is little crosses. This kind of Cross and Crosses, I find by Leigh to be­long to the Knights Templers of Ierusalem; only he join­eth the little plain crosses, to the sides of the great Cross, the one over against the other.

Of Crosses on Grieces.

XLV. He beareth Vert, a long Cross (or Christs Cross,) mounted on three Grieces in base Or. It is cal­led a long Cross, by reason the bottom part is much long­er than the overthwart part is. Morgan lib. 2. fol. 9.11. calls it a Cross Calvary, and is (saith he) usually mounted on Grieces and Steps like Iacob's Ladder. Gwilliams, fo. 308. terms it a Cross mounted on Grieces.

B two Angels volant O supporting of a Calvary Cross, on three Grieces A is the Arms of the Abby of Wal­tham.

XLVI. He beareth Sanguine, a Cross croslet, or Cross crossed, mounted on three Grieces (or degrees) in base, Argent. Some say mounted in Base on three Grieces.

G such a Cross is born by Iohnes of Llanvaire, in the Principality of North-Wales.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Cross Patriarchal crossed, mounted in Base on Grieces Sable. These three examples of Grieces or degrees, should be only termed Grieces, if they were not fixed in the base part of the Escochion. Some number not the number of the Steps, or Degrees, because say they, they are ever three, representing the three Theological Virtnes, by which we mount to the Cross of Christ, viz. Faith, Hope, and Charity. This is born by the name of Ioshline.

Of the Cross Flowry and Flurt.

4. THere are several Crosses alike in shew, yet are different in name; and others are very near in Name, yet far different in shew and form; as exam­ple.

XLVIII. He beareth Mercury, a Cross patonce, Luna. The word patonce is derived from patee, as well as the Cross is composed of the Cross patee, for they are Cousin German, both being broad at the ends, only this of patonce is carved or cut with In­dents in the end. It is termed also a Cross potoncee, and patontee. It was the coat of Bo [...]iface, the 46 Arch-Bishop of Canterbury.

V the like O by Boyd [...]ll of D [...]dl [...]ton.

A the like S by Banester of Bank.

G the like [...]r. by Paynell.

S the same O by Mana [...]ck.

A the same B by David, le Clark to the Earl of Chester.

XLIX. He beareth Gules, a Cross patonce Or, at each side proceeding from the Center, a Trefoil Ar­gent. As this Cross is beset with these Trefoils, so you shall find these and several other sorts of Crosses born in like manner with other kinds of Flowers, Leaves, and Fruit, all stalked, which are thus to be termed, as in this example.

L. He beareth Argent, a Cross Flory (or Flowry, or Floury, Flourey, Flouree) Azure. Here you may see the difference of the Patonce and this of Flowry; the first from the Center goes broader and broader to the end, even as the Patee doth. But this keeps an even Decorum from the middle till it comes to the ends, where it is determinated with a kind of flourish, like to the bottom of a flower de lis. This is the Baron of Malpas Coat.

O the like S by Sir Iohn Brockett.

A the like G by Trussell.

B the like O by Lamplow.

LI. He beareth Argent, a Cross Azure, Flory Or. By the name of Florenc [...].

A the Cross S Flory O born by Newton and Wal­ton.

LII. He beareth Gules, a Cross Avellane Argent. This is another kind of Cross much like to the fore­said, yet of different name and form too, if seriously viewed; this is the old form of it, but of latter times there is another used, as in the example following.

LIII. He beareth Azure, a Cross Avellane, Or. This term Avellane is derived from the Latine word [Page 47] Avellana, a Filberd or Hasle-Nut; for so the Heads thereof do very much resemble such Nutts. It is the Cross set upon the top of the King Mound; an Ensign that represents the Soveraignty and Majesty of a King.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Cross potent flurt, Sa­ble. Flurt or Flurty doth express the top of the Flower de lis; and Flory the bottom of the flower de lis, at each end of the Cross. Some only term this a Cross flurt, which sometime is engraled, envecked, &c. but not at the ends. Some term this a Cross formy flurt. By the name of Holmeshaw, or Holmshall.

LV. He beareth Saphire, a Cross potent engraled Sol, flurty Pearl. Of some, a Cross engraled flurt, Or; the tops Argent; or at each end the top of a flow­er de lis.

Now here is to be noted, that these kind of Crosses, when they are engraled or envecked and the like, they are never so formed at the ends, but on the sides only, as in this Cross is manifested. This is born by the name of Grailingford.

A the like S between four C [...]rnish Chough. Born by Edwyn Lord of Englefield, and one of the 15 Tribes of North Wales.

LVI. He beareth Sardonix, a Cross couped (or Humett) flurty Pearl. Of some a plain Cross flurt. Born by Fernaux.

A such a Cross B born by Offley of Madely, being charged with a Lion passant gardant O and 4 Cornish Chough. Mr. Morgan lib. 2. fol. 13. terms this only a Cross flurry, without any addition.

B such a Cross A born by Florence and Cheney.

A the like G by Trussell.

LVII. He beareth Or, a Cross quarterly quarter­ed, Argent and Gules, flurty Sable. Here I name not the form of the Cross, as I did in the blazoning of the former (as Humett or couped,) because i [...] saying quarterly, or quarterly quartered, it is to be under­stood that it is a large broad Cross, by reason of the di­visions of colours placed in it, which the thinn and small Crosses could not contain. This is born by the name of Mannaugh.

Of Crosses Fitched double.

5. THE next sort of Crosses in order to be spoken of, is the several sorts of Crosses double fitch­ed, that is, being sharp pointed at all ends; some single, some double, some trebble, as examples following doth demonstrate.

LVIII. He beareth Azure, a Cross fitched of all four Or. This is more like a Galthrop than a Cross, and is of some so termed, but being compared toge­ther, there is great difference. This is born by the name of Sharpley.

LIX. He beareth Iupiter, a Cross Patee double fitched of all four, Sol; or as some of old call it, a Cross Patee furche; furche being then used for what we now term fitched. Mr. Morgan, lib. 2. fol. 13. calls it a Cross Ankred, or an Anchorites Cross. This is the Cross of the Knights of Malta, or Brethren of St. Iohn of Ierusalem; therefore may for brevity sake, be blazoned, a Cross of Malta, or St. Iihn of Ierusa­lem's Cross; but more of this hereafter. The Latine gives it the name of Crux furcata, a Cross furchee, or a Forked Cross. And the French Herald, part 2. fol. 14. calls it a Cross encree, as he doth the Cross moline, see numb. 63.

LX. He beareth Argent, a Cross double fitched of all four, Gules. This Cross I find blazoned several ways; Bosworth, pag. 26. terms it forked. Leigh pag. 34. pitchee. In a MS. in the Office, I find it anciently bla­zoned a Cross furcee, and furchee, (which we now call fursh.) The French Heralds part 1. fol. 13. call it chappee. This is born by the name of Crossfort.

LXI. He beareth Gules, a Cross double fitched, and rebated of all four, Argent. The French Herald part 3. fol. 9. terms it a Cross double, or double dou­bled: Some call it a Cross escartalled, couped; as if it had only a nick or notch, sarcelled or sawed into the four ends of it. This is born by the name of Car­ternall.

LXII. He beareth Or, a Cross potent of all four, double fitched rebated, Azure. Some will have it to be a cross crosiett, double fitched of all four, and debrused or broken off: Others a crosset sarcelled in the four (or head) ends. Born by the name of Sawyer. The French call it a cross double, being G. in a Field O is born by Avitus Abbot of St. Mesnim.

Of the Cross Moline.

6. THE next is the Cross Moline, a Cross both in nature and shape far different from any as yet presented to your view, from which form there is seve­ral others derived, yet of a contrary term in Blazon, as in the examples following.

LXIII. He beareth Saphire, a Cross Moline To­paz. This term is borrowed from the Ink of a Mill, of some called the Moline of a Mill, which is an In­strument of Iron set in the upper Mill-stone, whereby it is turned about, whose crooked ends turn after this manner.

There is both ancient and modern terms given it concerning this Cross, Gwilliams, fol. 93. and all late Authors, call it a cross Moline. Leigh, pag. 34. a cross Sarcell; and so doth Boswell, pag. 25.35. as being a Disciple of his; and both of them in the blazon­ing, hold it not to be a Cross Moline, except it be pier­ced, because the Molyne, or Mill Rind is ever so; but this term of a Cross Moline is not given it, being a right Moline, but borrowed from it, by reason the ends thereof, are much after the manner of the Moline of a Mill. The French call it a cross Encree; and Mr. Vpton, part 2. fol. 14. a cross Reversy'd, or inversed, or turned inwards, as having the ends turning round. This is the old way of making it, with the turning of it almost round: And in an old Roll among the No­bles of those times, is blazoned recersile, O and V. a une Crois recersile G Born by the name of Ingham, as saith Mr. Morgan, lib. 2. fol. 15.

V the like O by the name of Baynham.

[Page 48]O the like S on an Escochion B 3 Plates. Born by Weyer.

LXIV. He beareth Gules, a Cross Molme, Argent. This is the form of the Cross in our times; our He­ralds not making it so much round in the turning of the head, as the foregoing Cross. This is born by the name of Beake.

B the like O born by Molineux, also by Brun and Br [...]ham.

G the like by Bernes [...]on.

B the like A born by Trelesk, and also by Hotoste and Dune.

S the like A born by Folly, and also by Vpton.

LXV. He beareth Vert, a Cross fer de Moline Argent. This is called fer de Moline, because of it pier­cing; for the Mill rind is ever so, as I have shewed in the Salter Moline, and Cross Moline aforesaid. This may otherwise be blazoned, a cross Molyn Nowy Losengie pierced; or a cross Molyn Nowy Mascu­ly. If this Cross had stood Salterwise, it had been termed only (a fer de Molyn,) but the Cross being added to that name, sheweth this to stand Cross ways.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Cross Moline reba­ted Azure. This may not unfitly be so termed, in re­gard, the ends are (as it were) cut or worn off. Vpton calls this a cross Miller, because of the near relati­on it hath to the form and fashion of the Mill - rind. This is born by the name of Cross [...]mole. In an ancient MS. I have seen it blazoned by the French Armorists, a Cross Fur [...]hee.

LXVII. He beareth Or, a Cross Fursh Gules. This is also termed, a Cross Miller rebated, as ha­ving the rebatements of the Cross following. Born by the name of Furshall.

O and V per Pale, such a Cross G Born by Hing­ham.

LXVIII. He beareth Sable, a Cross Miller (or Milrine) Or. This anciently hath been Blazoned a cross Moline. Morgan lib. 2. fol. 15. terms it a cross Miltrine, because it hath the ends cramped and turn­ed again, as the Mill-rine is, which carrieth the Mill­stone, it ought to be perforated also, as that is. Born by the name of Miller.

G the like O born by Fensy.

Of Crosses with round Heads.

7. THE next are Crosses with round heads, of which there are several sorts, both of Forms and Bla­zon, as

LXIX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Pomell, Sable. So called from its likeness to the Pomell or Head of a Sword: This Cross Pomell Ovalwise, lying contrary to the Cross, is very anciently born. This Coat is born by the name of Powmale.

LXX. He beareth Gules, a Cross Pomettee, Or; or of some termed double Pomelled. It hath the re­semblance of two Shin-Bones set in Cross, the ends be­ing the round Coronals or bunches which go into the cavity of the Bones, to which they are joined; from whence it is by some called a Cross coronal, or cro­nal. This is born by the name of Corporal.

LXXI. He beareth Azure, a Cross Butteny, or Bottony, Or: Botone saith Leigh, pag. 32. is as much as to say a crossed Budded, but rather Buttoned. Vpton calls it a cross Knotted or Knotty, from the Latin, Crux Nodulata. The French Blazon it a Cr [...]ss Fleuronnee and Fleurdelisee; and Fleuree, as being the Budds of Flowers. This is born by the name of But­ton of Chester.

A the like B by Wastnes.

A the like G born by Holme, also by Bryerlegh.

A a Croslet Bottony G born by Gullet, so termed by Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 69.

Of the Cross Losengie.

8. THERE are divers Crosses also of this kind of bearing, which have contrary terms, as

LXXII. He beareth Gules, a Cross Mascle Or, at each point a Plate. The French Herauld, part 2. fol. 18. calls it a Cross Cleschee or Clechee, Pomettee, and a Cross Thol [...]uze. The Cross Urdee, with other Crosses of this nature, are often found with Rundletts at the points of them thus; which others Blazon a Cross of such or such a form, and termined or ended with twelve Pomms or Apples; for the term (each end) signifies but four, at the utmost ends of the Cross one: This example may serve for all Crosses thus charged. This Cross is like­wise called a Cross Patee mascled. This is born by the name of De la Ballin.

LXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross Mascle Um­brated. This sort of Cross or any other that is um­brated, hath no colour mentioned; for of whatsoever colour the field is, (saith Boswell, pag. 25.) the thing mentioned to be in the Field, is to be traced of a con­trary colour, so that the body of the thing shadowed is of the colour of the Field. Gwilliams, fol. 61.67. saith, that the Umbrateing must be done with some unperfect or obscure colour, as Black, or deep Tawney, unless the Field be of the same colour: So saith Ferne also, pag. 174.175.

This is Blazoned a Cross transparent (quasi transpa­rens) because the Field being (as it were) on the further side of the Charge, or underneath the same, yet the Tincture or Colour thereof sheweth clear through the charge, as if it were through a Glass. Leigh, pag. 36. calls it entrailed, and purfled, or shadowed, never na­ming the colour.

This rule for umbrateing, holdeth good for all sorts of charges, whether ordinaries; or any other Creatures, natural or artificial.

LXXIV. He beareth Vert, a Cross Patee fusil fitched Argent. Some term it three fusils in Cross, and the fourth fitched; but I hold it best termed Patee fusil, because it partakes of both, the inner parts of it answereth the form of the Cross Patee, and the outward parts hath the sharp ends of the Fusill, or Losenge. Neither can it properly be blazoned a Cross Fusil, ex­cept it had a Cross in the middle part, and the Fusils at the ends, as the example, numb. 78, 79. three Fusils [Page 49] conjoined in Cross, and fitched in (or of) the fourth. Others thus, 3 Fusils in Cross fitched. This is born by the name of Patit.

LXXV. He beareth Azure, a Cross of five Fusils (or five Fusils in Cross) Argent. Of these kind of Crosses you shall have three in one Shield, which are thus Blazoned, Azure three Crosses, each containing five Fusils. These Crosses never exceed five Fusils, yet can­not be called a Cross Fusil, by reason it wants a Cross in the middle, as numb. 78. This is born by the name of Maderine.

O a Cross of five Fusils B the middle A born by Bessome. Else say a Fusil A between four other conjoin­ed in Cross B.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, four Fusils in Cross Gules, else term it a Cross of four Fusils or Losenges: And if three of them be in one Coat, you must Blazon them, a Cheveron between three Crosses, each composed of four Fusils &c. The first born by the name of Fusil­cross, and the latter by the name of Croshurst.

Quarterly O and B such a Cross between 4 Annulett counterchanged. By the name of Peacock.

LXXVII. He beareth Azure, a Cross Fusilly, Or. This after Vpton, pag. 35. is called a Cross Mascula­ted, and Leigh Masculy, and Masculy voided of the Field, when the Escochion is seen through them.

☞ Here note the difference between a Cross Fusil; and the Cross Fusily; which ever extends to the sides of the Shield, and generally begins and ends with half a Fusil, or Mascull, if it be a Cross Masculy. This is born by the name of Fotheringhay.

☞ If this Cross Fusilly were on a plain Cross, as other Crosses often are, to distinguish it from this Fusily. Know that when it is but one colo [...]r, then it is thus made; if on the Cross, then it is of two colours, counterchan­ging one the other.

LXXVIII. He beareth Ermine, a Cross Fusil Gules. By the name of Foscill. Leigh, pag. 35. terms this a Cross Urdee; but I am of their Judgment that call it a Cross Fusil, as having the form of a Fusil on the heads or tops of it; Therefore of some called, a Cross ending Fusilly, or the ends Fusil.

LXXIX. He beareth Purpure, a Cross Fusil reba­ted, Or. By the name of Blemisher. This is rebated or blemished, by having the sharp ends blunted, worn, or broken off.

Of the Cross Vrdee.

LXXX. He beareth Gules, a Cross Urdee (or champain, Or. By the name of Vrdhall. This is an ancient Cross, and goeth under several terms of Blazon, as I have seen in old Manuscripts in the Heralds Office; as, a Cross Mateley, a Cross Flanked, a Cross Cleschee, and a Cross Verdee. The French term it a Cross Ay­guisee.

A the like quarterly quartered A and G. Born by Howell Varf Vehnioc, a Britain.

LXXXI. He beareth Argent, a Cross Urdee re­coursie, Sable: Of others a Cross Urdee voided.

☞ But in the speaking of the Cross recoursie, I told you it was the opinion of good Armorists, that the term recoursie ought to belong to all sorts of odina­ry, as if it were in its own proper nature and being; as in this Cross, where there is no substance of the Cross, but only the form of it, which is (as it were) only traced about. And the term voiding, to belong only to such ordinaries which in their voidings have their ends cut through, so that the Field is seen to the very sides of the Escochion; as in the examples of Cheverons voided and reconrsie, chap. 6. numb. 7.9, 10▪ This is born by the name of Duckingfield of Duckingfield in Cheshire, a very antient Family, of whom is Sir Robert Duckingfield Bar­ronett, now living, 1680.

Some term this a Cross Urdee clechee, shewing that it is pierced through, yet hath its form remaining.

Of the Cross parted.

8. OF the Cross parted, which should have been set in this Section, I have spoken of before, numb. 13. Now we shall give some examples of double and tri­ple parting.

LXXXII. He beareth Azure, a Cross double part­ed, Argent; as this is double or biparted, so you shall see them divided into three parts, termed a Cross tri­parted, which for brevity I forbear. The first is born by the name of Do [...]bler. The latter is born by Traile­maine.

G a Lion rampant to the Sinister O debrused with 4 Rods Cross-wise, and bound together at their Joints A is the Coat of Degernbach of Bav [...]ria.

LXXXIII. He beareth Saphire, a Cross double parted and fretted, Pearl. Some term it four Batunes (or a Cross of four Batunes) fretted: And so Leigh, pag. 31. hath it in a True-Loves-Knott. By the name of Trulove.

LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, three endorses, Gules, surmounred of as many Barruletts, in form of a Cross. The like to this you shall find born Salterwise, then they are termed Cotizes; in which always take no­tice which lieth next the Field, whether the Dexter or Sinister, and mention them first. This is born by the name of Vndermas.

A two Endorses, two Barrulets G born by Bare and Ware.

LXXXV- He beareth Diamond, a Cross double­parted, Flort (or Flory, or Florished) Topaz. & is born by the name of Van Kilkilow, a Germane familey▪

LXXXVI, He beareth Gules, a Cross double-part­ed Flory, Or. This is the old maner of makeing this kind of Cross, which doth much resemble the other save that it is not pierced in the midle. This is also like the Cross Patee double Fitched, but that it is much more opened, even to the center thereof.

LXXXVII' He beareth Azure, a Cross double par­ed Uoided Flory, Or. such a Cross is born by the name of Knowles, the field being Semy de Crusilee. Vpton termeth this a Cross Molynee Umbre, Morgan lib: 2. fol, 14. calls it a Cross Sarcele, or Resersilee. others [Page 50] term these 4. Tuidern Irons Endorsed in form of a Cross. It is like the Cross Moline Sawed, or cut into 4. quarters, and disposed at a convenient distance; And therefore may fitly be termed a Cross Moline Sarcel­ed, or a Cross Molyne voyded disposed. or the Milne Cross Voided: The French blazon it, a Cross Recerce­lee disioyned.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Tri-parted Flory Sable. This is the Modern way of drawing this fort of, Cross, Of old these parted Crosses were termed, Crosses Parted into three courses, or Thrice partee. There is another more antient, as in the next following. This coat is born by the name of Triffler.

LXXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Gross Tri-parted Flory, Sables. This is the old way of makeing it.

☞ Now you must observe that if Crosses Parted be Disjoyned from the sids of the Escocheon, they are ever termed Flory, or Florished. Ferne saith, that Double, & Treble Partings are insident to all Crosses, as Nyle, Molyne, Patee, Sarcelie, Botoney, Flory, &c: But I never yet found any such in coats of Armes.

Argent, a Cross Crossed each end Trible parted Flory, Sable. I found born by Swettenhambergh.

A, a Cross Double Tri-parted, Sable. is born dy the name of Doudeley. see its form chap: 8. numb: 4.

XC. He beareth Gules, a Cross Anserated, Ar­gent. born by Van Smacker. The French term for it is, a Cross Gringolee; that is, a cross Parted, whole ends are formed into the Shape & fashion of Goose heads. And as this is, so I have seen them with Lions, Talbots, Ea­gles, & severall sorts of other heads; which may be thus Blazoned, a Cross partee addorned with Lions or Eagles heads. Some will tell the number, as Addorned with 8, Lions heads. Yet others term such; a Cross Leonced, when with Lions: & Aquilated, if with Eagles heads. These are also born Fitched.

G, a cross Pavonated, or pavonied, (that is with Peacocks heads) & on an Inescocheon A, 3, Torteauxes. is born by Huyn Van Aus [...]enraet in Amsterdam.

A, the like Uulpulated, (or with Fox heads) G, on a Die (or dice) a cinque, by Dobbelstein of the Rhyne.

A, the like Gringolee, G, born by Crummell. & (each head) Crowned by Havert in Flanders.

Of Crosses Annulated:

9, IN the Ordinaries of this kinde there are diverse compossitures & all receive terms in blazoning accor­ding to the nature of their position; for herein are Crosses fo Aunuletts both Substantiall & Coniunct, with the Ringes entyre & fixt: as the examples will manifest.

XCI, He beareth Vert, a Cross Argent, at each end an Annulett, Or. by the name of Ringlowe.

XCII, He beareth Argent, a Cross Rebated, at each end, an Annulet, Sable. born by Westley, or Westle. This is termed Rebated, because there is some part of the coup­ed ends on both sids taken away; to which thinner parts there is joyned the form of 4. Rings. Of others this is ter­med a Cross Rebated at each end, on both sids: with 4, Annulets fixed there unto. Others blazon it a Cross the ends Tenantee, or Tenanted, Because it represents the form of a peece of wood cut square off on both sides, to be fixed, or put into a like square hole made for it: which all workers in Timber, call a Tenant, & Mornise.

XCIII, He beareth Argent, a Cross Annuly, or Annu­lety, or Annulated, each Fretted with a Ring, Sable. born by the name of De La-Croix-anull. Others blazon it Cross Ringed at the ends, each Fretting (or haveing throw them) an Annulet. From the Mariners, terms it may be called a Cross of 4. Anchor heads with Rings in the Eyes.

XCIV, He beareth Or, a Cross Cressanty, (or ends Cressanted) Gules. I have seen a Cross after this form, with Horse Shooes at the ends in place of the Cressants; which is termed a Cross at each end an Horse-shooe. as c: 8, n 5. And this is best blazoned, a Cross at each end a Cressant, or Cressanted: which is born by the name Van Vernaw. The Germanes & Duch often adorn the horns, or points of the Cressants with Feathers, Roses, Leaves, &c.

XCV. He beareth Argent, a Cross Couped, Gules: at each end a Cressant fixed on a Pomell, Sable. this is by the French Arm [...]rists, termed a Cross Fourchee, And is born by the name of Baradad. This is also termed a Cross Pomelled & Cressanted (or Pometee & Cressantee) But by this blazon, the maner of the Cross will not be un­derstood, Therefore to use the word (Couped) as afore­said, is needfull; Thereby to shew that it is a plain full Cross cut off from the field, whose ends are Pometee, &c:

XCVI. He beareth Azure, a Cross Anchored, or An­chory, Argent. Born by the name of Ancrey, or Ancryn I have seen such a kind of Cross, termed Ancry, Because it resembles the form of an Anchor at each end thereof, Sans Flooks: that is, the Shanks of an Anchor without the Flooks; Some term it a Cross at each end a Demy Annulett Inverted. If these Shanks were made with Tongs like fish-hooks, Or with Flooks like Anchors, It is then (in my judgment) best blazoned, a Cross the Stems Shanked & Flooked like an Anchor. Or Barbed, or Tonged, like an Angleing hooke. which soever it is.

XCVII, He beareth Or, a Cross Nowyed Degraded Conioyned, Argent. born by Die Hofwart an Hollander. This is also termed a Cross Nowyed Grady fixed, (or Double-grady fixed) See the difference between No. wy, and Nowyed, numb, 22. I have seen the like in Leighs Accidence pag: 35, with the fourth Fitched, which may be thus blazoned, a Cross Nowyed grady con­ioyned in three, And Fitched in the foot of the fourth.

XCVIII, He beareth Sable, a Cross Grady, (double Grady, say some) Pomelled, Or. born by Perrault. Of others termed more short, a Cross degraded Po­mell.

XCIX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Nowyed Lo­sengie, Azure. This is the Coat of Nomellcross. Some term it Nowyed in form of a Losenge: If this Nowying were Masculy, then the part here Losengie should be voided, having the Field seen through it, as it is with all Mascules, see numb. 22.65.97.

The like Cross is born by the Abby of Tewksbury, l. 4. c. 4. n. 6.

Of Crosses of divers forms.

10 WE come now to speak of several sorts of Cros­ses, which have no affinity, make, shape, or blazoning one to another. as,

C. He beareth Azure, a Cross potence rebated on the head of the Sinister sides, recoursie, Or; By the the name of Bulwork. Turn this Cross which way you will, yet the rebatement will be Sinister; therefore it is that I say rebated Sinister, because the top part is so; and so the rest on the contrary or opposite sides; others more briefly term it a Cross Potence rebated, or dimi­nished on the contrary sides; or a Cross Demy Potence, re [...]ated, recoursie; and some have called it a Cross Re­dout, from its resemblance to a Bulwark or Fortificati­on so called, whose Fancy may hold good therein.

CI. He beareth Vert, a Cross Patriarchal, Or. Of the French termed a Cross Lorrainee, but the lower over­thwart part is made by them longer than the top piece. This is the Knights Templers Cross.

S the like A born by Rodulphus Arch-Bishop of Can­terbury.

G the like A on a Mount in Base, is the Coat of the King of Hungaria. Morgan makes this Cross longest in the bottom, as the little Cross in this same quarter.

CII. He beareth Or, a Cross Patriarchal Gules, charged with an [...]other Argent. Born by the name of Ash [...]fen in Germany.

CIII. He beareth Azure, a Cross Patriarchal Pa­tee, Argent, as this Cross is here Patee; so you shall of­ten find them to be crossed, Flory, Potence, Potent, Moline, &c. They are subject also to fitching, to be mounted on Gricces; and I have seen such a Cross as this, with the bottom part only Flory; which you may Blazon thus, a Cross Patriarchal Patee, with the foot of it Flory, as chap. 9. numb. 43. This is born by the name of Cloather.

A the like G is the Coat of the States of Aschasenburg in Germany.

CIV. He beareth Argent, a Cross Patee Lambe­aux, Gules. Of some called a Cross Lambeaux; and a Cross Patee fitched Lambeauxed; as having a File or Lambeaux of three Labels fixed at the end of the fitch­ed part of the Cross; but a Cross Lambeaux, (as Mor­gan terms it) it cannot be without some other term ad­ded to it, by reason the Patees are born several other ways, as Croslet, Flory, Plain, and Flurt, with the like, as chap. 9. numb. 42. This is born by the name of Salmsmorthen, a Low-Country Family.

G the like A born by Rudetzker, and Van Grodirtz­ [...]y.

O the like Cross Floury B born by Faulkencross.

☞ The Cross is alterable, but the Lambeaux is al­ways the same.

CV. He beareth Ruby, a Cross Tau Topaz. By the name of Tew, or Taw. This hath anciently been so termed, which makes me set it here amongst the ex­travagant Crosses; otherwise I should have taken that li­berty as to have placed it with the [...]cman Letters. The French, part 1. fol. 12. call this St. Anthony's Cross. Mark with Thau the Foreheads of them that Mourn (saith the Prophet Ezekiel, chap. 9. vers. 4.) that is, set a cross Tau on their Foreheads, signifying the Cross of Christ, which all true Christians are signed with on their Foreheads. This is termed the Cross Commisse, being a token of Absolution, especially when the Malefactor hath it stamp­ed on the hand.

A on a chief V 3 such Crosses O born by Dr [...]ry.

CVI. A Cross portante proper, in a Field Vert. This is termed portante, from the Latine porto, to bear or carry; on which Malefactors were Hanged, it bearing them up. I set not this Cross like to that of Leigh's, but upright, as if it were ready fixed for the Malefactor to be hanged thereon; but his, p. 31. is Bend wise, gi­ving this reason, that on that manner it was born by our Saviour to the Mount; and therefore he gave it the term of a Cross Portate; when as long before Leigh's time it was called a Cross Portant, from its Office in bear­ing, and not from its manner of being carried. This was not born by any, neither could be, but by the Lord Jesus, by whom we receive Remission of Sins, and San­ctification in him through his Cross.

O on a Mount A such a Cross couped G quartered by Dillhern.

Party per Pale B and A on a Mount O two such Crosses counterchanged. Born by the name of Pergkhauser in Bavaria.

CVII. He beareth Sol, a Cross portante double and couped, Saturn. This is very ancient, Blazoned a Cross double, and no more, or a Cross double portante. Mr. Morgan calls it a Cross Patriarchal, but it wants a head, or is a head too short for that; it may more fit­ter be called Christ's Cross, on which he suffered for our Sins, the top having the Superscription on, wherein was written the cause of his Death; and the lower cross piece, his Hands and Arms were fixed and fastned to.

CVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross portant (or portate) raguled and trunked, Gules. By the name of Raggeley. This Cross, is by Leigh, pag. 3. and Boswell, pag. 136. called a long Cross rag [...]ed and trunked, the latter adding the term couped, which might have been omitted, in regard raguling signifieth the cutting off of the Branches, the Knots or little Notches only remain­ing, from the Stock or Stem of the Tree; see numb. 112. and Trunking, the cutting of the same Tree from its Root and Branches. See more of this term in the Cross raguled, numb. 21. and Bends raguled, chap. 4. numb. 26.

☞ If the Cross were not raguled, but only trunk­ed, it would be a plain Cross having only the ends cut off with a kind of slip at them, as you may see in this example.

CIX. He beareth Azure, a Cross beasantee. By the name of Lovegold. Leigh, pag 36. saith, That the Beasants ought to be numbred, though they be never so many; but all other things (except Crowns) may be sa [...]s number, to which may be used (ty or tee,) as Platee, Bil­lettee, Losengy, &c. But I am of that Judgment, that if the Cross extend to the sides of the Escochion (be they [Page 52] mor [...] or less) they need not to be numbred; but if they be in Cross, Salter, Bend, Cheveron, and Fesse, and do not touch the sides, then it is fit they be numbred.

CX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Cable, (or cablee Gules. By the name of Cabley. This is a Cross made of Cable Ropes; and is different from the Cross corded, numb. 15. that being a Cross over-cast, or wound about with a Rope; but this is the meer Rope it self in a Cross.

CXI. He beareth Gules, four chains square linked in Cross, Argent; fixt to an Annulett in Fesse, Or. By the name of Ironside.

☞ Chains are born in Crosses, or in the form of any Ordinary, and ought to be mentioned. If round Links, then to say a Chain will suffice, it being supposed to be round; but if the Chain be an S Chain, a three corner­ed, or square Chain, it must be named what kind of fashion the Chain is. But all sorts of Chains, when they are fixed to Birds, Beasts, or any other Animal, need no mentioning of what sort of Chain it is; for in such cases it is left to the discretion of the Work-man to make what Cain he pleaseth; and the Artist to term it a Chain, without any other addition.

CXII. He beareth Luna, a Cross snagg, (or snag­ged) Venus. By the name of Lop or Lupe. This dif­fereth from Couping, that having no thickness or sub­stance of the Cross appearing; and this having all seen, as if it were a plain Bough of a Tree cut off to sight; which Wood-men term Snagging or Lopping; and differ­eth from trunking, that having a slip left at the end cut off, as numb. 108.

CXIII. He beareth Saturn, a Cross, being Moline in Pale, and Patee in Fesse, Luna. By the name of Newing, or Newington. I have found it Blazoned, a Cross Moline and Patee, contrary one to the other; or or opposite one to another. And thus you shall find Crosses composed of the several sorts of Crosses as is before shewed, in blazoning whereof first name the top stame or Staff, and after what mauner it is; and then the other parts afterward.

CXIV. He beareth Mars, a Cross double clavied, Sol. This term is borrowed from the Latine word Cla­vis, a Key; because it hath the double Bites and Wards of a Key at all the three ends; and the handle of a Key at the fourth. This is born by our Holy Father the Pope, when he walks in Procession in his Pontificials. It is also born as the Coat Armour of Clavely.

CXV. He beareth a Cross of fonr Queen Er­myne. Here neither the colour of the Field, nor Charge is named; all being understood by the term Er­mine, which is Black upon White, as is manifested in the bearing of Furrs, chap. 7. numb. 2. This is born by the name of Hurleston, of Picton, in Cheshire.

A Cross of four Peacocks Tail Feathers proper, with a Trefoil in the middle O is the Crest of Van Der Strei­thorsi in Westphalia.

CXVI. He beareth Argent, a Cross of four Leaves, Ve [...]t; or else four leaves conjoined in Cross: Or a Caterfoile, set in Cross. This is born by the name of Cattelin, or Catline. Some term it a Cross quaterfoil, and such a Cross set Salterways, V. in a Field, A. I find born by Vtzingen.

CXVII. He beareth Or, a Cross of four Pomells, Sable. By the name of Hammough, or Mac Hammough in Ireland. This is also Blazoned a Caterfoile (or more properly a Quaterfoile) that is, a Flower of four leaves, but the Caterfoile is ever pierced.

S the like A born by Hottingen.

G the like A born by Semmler.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross quarterly, (or parted per Cross) Sable and Gules; at each end the Cornish of a Pil [...]r (or Capitall) Azure, adorned with two Oak Leaves, Vert. Such a Cross as this I find stamped upon some of the Coin set forth in the time of Richard the Second, King of England. Some term this a Cross Collarino, (that is) a large round swelling, with a Fillet on each side, which said ends may be adorn­ed with what the Bearer pleaseth, as in the following examples.

CXIX. He beareth Gules, a Cross Argent, charged with another, Azure; Cornished and Flurt, Or; the like to this, adorned with a Crown, in place of the Flurt and Cornishing; both which Crosses I have obser­ved to be on our ancient English Coin, from whence I have taken most of these succeeding Crosses. See numb. 121.

CXX. He beareth Argent, a Cross quarterly Azure and Or, Cornished, Gules; adorned with an Acorn slip between two leaves proper. Some will say the ends Cornished, each adorned with an Oak [...]ip fructed. Some term this a Cross quarterly Astrical adorned, &c. See numb. 118.

CXXI. He beareth Azure, a Cross voided, Argent, at each end a Coronett, Or. This is also termed a Cross voided Crownated, or Coronetted.

CXXII. He beareth Argent, a Cross quarterly Gules and Azure, in the Center, and at each end a Caterfoile, Or; with three Trefoils proceeding from the Tops, Vert.

CXXIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Moline parted per Cross, Sable and Gules at each side, at the Cen­ter, and on the top, a Leaf of three points issu­ant, Vert. This Cross, if it were one colour, then it should be Blazoned, a Cross Moline sarcelled, and joined again, as much as if it were sawed asunder, and after put together again, so that nothing doth ap­pear but the score or joynt, where it is set together.

CXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Cross Banister Ar­gent, crowned at each end, Or. This may be term­ed a Cross Avellanee Crowned. Others Blazon it four Banister Staves, fixed Cross-wise to a Plate, each Crowned on the ends.

CXXV. He beareth Argent, an Annulett, Or, with four Fruitages joined to it in form of a Cross, Vert; the Grapes proper. Some say, four Fruita­ges in Cross, conjoined by their Foot-stalks to an Annulett. This is also termed, a Cross Fruitagee, with an Annulett in the Center.

[Page 53]CXXVI. He beareth Or, a Cross Pomell Avel­laned, Gules; or a Cross Pomety Avellan: And some Blazon it a Cross Pomell, Floury.

O a Cross Pomell Molyne G. This is quartered by Gleichen, a Noble Family in Germany. And so Crosses Pomell or Cornished are diversly born with the heads of other Crosses upon them.

CXXVII. He beareth Azure, a Mascule Argent, with four double Fruitages, (or double Avellanes) joined to the points thereof in form of a Cross, Vert. Others term it double Avellaney, (or Fruitagee) in Cross, joyned to a Mascle in the Center.

CXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross Patonce Gules; at each end a Slip of three Leaves, Vert, be­tween two Catoosies (or Scrowls,) Azure; alias, be­tween two Modilions, for so your Free Masons term the Catoosies, and all turning Scrowls.

CXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Pomell, Gules; at each end a Coronet [...] Or; adorned with a Trefoil between two flying or flourishing Catoosies or Scrowles, Vert. This is a Cross Pomell Coro­nettee, or Coronetted, &c.

CXXX. He beareth Or, a Cross Avellane Inveck, Vert, seeded, or double Buttoned, Argent; or dou­ble Pometted. Others term it a Cross Avellane, with the Leaves or Points inverted. Others say four Avellane Leaves turned inward, fixed to a Round­lett in form of a Cross.

CXXXI. He beareth Gules, a Cross Anserated, (or a Cross Gringolee,) Argent; from the middle of each end, a Nail round headed, issuant, Sable.

CXXXII. He beareth Or, a Cross Moline rebated on both sides, under the revertings, Gules. See numb. 92. Some term these doub [...]e rebated.

I. S. M. VIRORVM CLARISSIMORVM, Iohannis Wainwright Legum Doctoris quandam Cancellarii, Qui fato Cessit: & Thomae Wainwright Legum Doctoris, Iam nunc Successoris Cancellarii Dioecensis Cestriae. ET Ricardi Wright Surrogati aliquando ejus, M. A. & Rectoris Ecclesiae S. Mariae super Mon­tem in Civitatis Cestriae, Generi predicti Iohannis. Hoc Caput Dedicatum est Per R. H.

CHAP. VI.

1. NOW it follows that we speak of the Che­veron, and of its diminutions; a Cheve­ron is an Ordinary formed of a twofold Line, Pyramidal-wise, the foundation being in the Dexter and Sinister Base point, or near thereunto, and the Acute Angle of the Spire near the top of the Escochion, as the examples.

Of the Cheveron.

I. He beareth Topaz, a Cheveron Ruby. This was usually the ancient form and manner of drawing the Cheveron, as appeareth by many Seals and Monuments yet extant; but common Painters, the common disor­ders of these Tokens of Honor, have greatly corrupted both this and other Ordinaries by their Phantastical Inventions, whereby they do not seem to be what they were before; for a little alteration, makes a great altera­tion in a principal part; so a little alteration, either by augmentation, diminution, transposition, or whatever other means, doth occasion so great a change in them, as to make such things that they differ from them­selves.

But seeing Ancient things are now adays laid aside, as out of use; I will give you an example of the modern Cheveron which is now in use, and according to that Pattern, in all my examples, I mean to follow. This is born by the name of Stafford, Lord Stafford. And al­so by the name of Ile.

II. He beareth Saphir, a Cheveron, Topaz. This Ordinary is resembled to a pair of Barge Couples or Raf­ters, such as are on the highest part of a House, for the bearing up of the Roof. Leigh, pag. 66. saith it is the Attire, which in old time the Women Priests used to wear on their heads, as may be seen in divers old Mo­numents. See lib. 2. cap. 17. numb. 32.

The content of the Cheveron is the third part of the Field if it stand alone, or be charged upon: But Leigh, p. 66. saith the fifth part, and that you may have two Cheverons in one Field, but not above, and if they exceed that number, then to be termed Cheveronells, that is to say minu­tives, or small Cheverons. This Coat is born by the name of Swennington, with a Label, Gules.

A the Cheveron G born by the name of Tyre.

O the like V by the name of Ingee.

A the like B born by Circester.

B the like O by the name of Aspul.

Per Pale B and A a Cheveron counterchanged, born by Van Daspach.

III. He beareth Azure, a Cheveronell Purpure. This is a diminution of the Cheveron, and containeth half the quantity of it. You may saith Leigh, ibidem, [Page 55]

[figure]

[Page 56] have no more than three in a Field; yet I have seen four and five in an Escochion; and all termed Cheve­rons and Cheveronells. This is not born alone, as any peculiar Coat; but A 2 Cheverons G is born by the name of Fitz Robert.

G 3 such A born by Shingleton.

IV. He beareth Diamond, a couple-close, Pearl. This containeth the fourth part of a Cheveron; and is not born but by Pairs, except there be a Cheveron between them. The name of this ordinary (saith Gwil­liams, fol. 79.) doth well agree with its use; for it is term­ed couple-close, because they do by couples, inclose the Cheveron. Vpton calls it a couple, or sparts of Houses. If there be more than five in a Field (saith Mr. Morgan lib. 2. fol. 53.) then they are called couple-closes, not cheveronells.

V. He beareth Or, a Cheveron in chief, Vert. Note that the lower part of this Cheveron, is far above the ordinary place of a single Cheveron; therefore it is termed a Cheveron in chief.

There are divers accidents incident to this ordinary; as transposition, as in this example; (which some term a Cheveron transposed, or trasposed, for a Cheveron in chief) couping, voiding, reversing, parting, and the like; of all which I shall give examples. This is born by the name of Lofty.

VI. He beareth Or, two Cheverons, Gules. These keep the quantity according to the rule of Leigh, pag. 66. and there can no more than two be so termed; if they exceed, they change their name to cheveronels. This is born by the name of Fanmer, of Fanmer.

A two such S born by Lamborne, and also by Ashe.

G 3 Cheverons A born by Iestyn ap Gwrgant, a Bri­tish Noble Person.

O 4 such G born by Everid, or Every.

VII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron voided In­graled, Gules; if the middle part of this Cheveron were of any other colour from the Field, then Blazon it thus, a Cheneron engraled, surmounted of another, of such or such a colour. This Coat is born by the name of Voyd.

B the like O born by Dudley.

G 2 Cheverons B edged, and the top envecked A others Blazon it edged, the top parts engrailed on the lower side. This is born by the name of Asten.

VIII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron couped, Pur­pure. What couping is, you may see in Fesses couped, and humett, chap. 4. numb. 63.64. This is born by the name of Iones.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron, Vert, Borde­red, Gules. Leigh, pag. 106, faith, That if this Cheve­ron were couped as the foregoing Cheveron, then it is not to be termed Bordered, but Purfled; because nothing may be bordered that is within the Escochion. But Ferne, pag. 173. gives an example to the contrary, in a Cross Couped, Fimbriated, or Bordered. This is born by the name of Boardman.

B and G per Pale, 3 Cheverons couped counterchan­ged, bordered A by the name of Saye.

X. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron recoursie, Ar­gent. What this term recoursie is, with its signification, I refer the Reader to the Cross recoursie, chap. 5. numb. 5.6. Born by the name of Skatterley. This is by the French Heralds termed clechee, or percee.

XI. He beareth Vert, a Cheveron voided, of ano­ther engraled, Argent. This is, as if a Cheveron were sawed into three, which naturally is but one: The French term it a Cheveron resarcelled of another; if this small Cheveron were composed of any other sort of Lines than plain, it must then be Blazoned, a Cheveronell (so or so) within, or between, a Cheveron voided engraled. If the said small Cheveron, or cheveronell, were of any other colour, to that engraled, then it is also to be termed (within or between) the Cheveron engraled, for it cannot be said to be voided when it is of a contrary colour. The first Blazon is the proper Coat of Scattergood.

A such a Cheveron S born by Dentton.

XII. He beareth Or, a Cheveron between two couple-closes, Gules. By the name of Fortior. This is an example of couple-closes and their manner of bearing: It is of some Blazoned, a Cheveron cotized; but more proper a Cheveron coupled.

A such a Cheveron coupled S born by Gumvile.

XIII. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron waved Argent. By the name of Wake.

A the like B by the name of Waters.

XIV. He beareth Or, a Cheveron Brettissed, Vert. By the name of Slatter. Ferne, pag. 179. saith, This is better Blazoned, and all other Ordinaries, by the term Crenelle, or imbatelled, than Bretissed: But in my Judgment they are as much different as Dauncet­te and Indented; the one being bigger and thicker than the other; so it is in this; Brettissed hath but a thin Che­veron or rather cheveronel; and seldom exceeds 4 or 5 Brettisses; and they one opposite to the other; see an example in Bends, chap. 4. numb. 32. But Imbatelling is quite contrary, as in this next following Coat.

XV. He beareth Vert, a Cheveron Imbatelled, Or. Here you may see the Crenell or Battlements of the Cheveron are contrary one to the other, and join to the sides of the Escochion, which the Brettisses never do.

☞ You will often find Cheverons born, Engraled, Indented, Crenell and the like, only on the upper side; so that in such cases you are to mention what side it is, engraled, &c. in the upper or neither side. This is born by the name of Iud.

B the Cheveron Imbatelled on the upper side, O by Bayne.

G the Cheveron engraled A born by Hinkley.

XVI. He beareth Argent, a Cheneron triparted, Sable, or trebble parted. All ordinaries that are com­posed of a double or trebble line; are subject to these kind of partings, which is a division into two or three pieces, each piece running along the ordinary, till it come to the very utmost part or side of it; so that in all the meeting places it seemeth to be fretted one of an other, as you see in this; and the Cross parted, chap. 5. numb. 82.85, 88. This is born by the name of Smithley.

[Page 57]XVII. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron reversed, Argent. By the name of Rumor. This Cheveron is by Boswel, pag. 36. termed Versie. I have seen such a Che­veron with a Cloud at the point of it, with the Sun-Beams issuant proper: and also with three of the same in another Coat. The French term it a Cheveron Ren­versie.

A the like G sustaining or supporting another B. By the name of Vpholder.

G the like A born by Van Chontzin.

XVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cheneron couched, Gules. By the name of Tourney. If it be couched on the other side, it is termed couched Sinister. The French part 1. fol. 11. call it a Cheveron pointed or turned.

G the like A by Marshall Van Stuntzberg.

XIX, He beareth Purpure, a Cheveron Couched Sinister, Or. by the name of Bightine. The French fo: 10: termeth it a Cheveron Counter turned, or Fallen, or Counter Pointed.

XX, He beareth Argent, two Cheverons Couched, Vert. by the name of Couchmaster. Others say 2 Cheverons Couched in Point. the French call them 2 Cheverons Co [...]u­tre-turned. & some of our Heraulds, term them 2 Che­verons Couchant Dexter & Sinister. But note it, that when there is 2 chouchant, they can be placed no otherrways; Although very often they are blazoned Counter-cou­chant, as is aforesaid.

O, a Rose betw: 2 Cheverons, the higher Reversed, G: Is the coat Armour of Van Stens.

XXI. He beareth Or, two Cheverons Couched, Fret­ted, & couped, Gules. by the name of Loven. If these were of contrary colours, then blazon them thus: He bear­eth Or, a Cheveron Dexter couched Azure, Fretted with an other Sinister, Gules, both Couped.

XXII, He beareth Sable, a Cheveron Fretted with an other Argent. by the name of We [...]gward. Others bla­zon it thus, Fretted, with an other Reversed: Yet the term of Reversing needs not to be named, by reason the Cheveron that is seated in its right place, doth manifest the other to be contrary: else it could not be Fretted.

XXIII, He beareth Or, Three Cheverons Fretted in Base, Sable. by the name of Brasebridge. others blazon it, 3 Couple-closes Brased. or Minuts, or Small Che­verons, or 3 Cheveronells Interlaced, Mr: Morgan lib, 2 fol, 52. saith, 3 Cheveronells Brased in the base of the Escochion. B, the like O, born by Fitz-Hugh.

A, the like S, by Brakenbury of Sallaby in Durham.

XXIV. He beareth Or, a Cheveron Arch, Gules. Of some it is called an Arch Cheveroned, or Cheveron­wise; Others call it only an Arch. But of that it wanteth both Capitalls, & Pedestalls, which an Arch hath; this being a Demy-Circle, and set in the forme of a Cheveron from side to side, And is therefore blazoned a Cheveron Arch. Yet Morgan termeth it Enarched only, without nameing any Cheveron.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Enarched, Vert. by the name of Ouldman, This is by some called a Cheveron Enarched voyded, And is the ancient form which Legh sets forth pog: 105. but now out of use: And therefore may best be termed a Cheveron Supported, or Proped up, or Sustained.

XXVI. He beareth Purpure, a Cheveron Enarched, Argent. This is that which is now in use. And is born by the name of Archever of Scotland.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Double-downsett, Gules. I find this Cheveron to have diverse bla­zons, Gwillioms termes it a Cheveton Rampee, But I be­lieve he ment Coppee, as riseing in the head higher then ordinary, which in old English is called, Copped, or Cop­pedee, or Coppee: And so in severall Books in the Her­aulds Office I find it termed. But I hold Double-dow­usett, or Double-onsett, to be a good Explenation of the thing; as haveing the two sides cut off, & Slipped down from its top part. Such a Cheveron betw: 3 Crosses Bottony Fitched. is born by the name of Greenway.

XXVIII. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron Debrused or Fracted, Argent. by the name of Winterfall. Some term it a Brokeu Cheveron, others a Cheveron Remoned, But that I hold a more fitter term for the next.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Removed Vert. This is born by the name of Shak [...]staffe. Some blazon it, Removed the one Ioynt (being fallen) from the oth­er. After these three Examples, you will find severall of the other Ordinaries, as Bends, Fesses, Barrs, &c: to be both Double-Downsett, Debrused, or Removed: which you may by these Blazon accordingly.

XXX. He beareth Gules, a Cheveron Disioynted, Or. by the name of Discord. Some say (Disioynt at the top) Which addition needs not, for if it be Disjoynted it must be in the Top, there being no other place for it to be Disjoynt in. The French Armorists call it, a Cheveron Brisee: That is Burst on the Escochion, or Shield.

Such a Cheveron as this, but touching in the Bottome of the Joynt, And open in the Head: A. in a field S. is born by Sorton, Which may be termed, Disioynt, or severed at the Head: or Fracted (or open) in the top.

XXXI. He beareth Purpure, a Cheveron, & a De­my Sinister one, Argent. This is born by Rossiall. It is termed a Demy Sinister Cheveron, to distinguish it from that on the Dexter side: Some blazon it, a Demy Che­veron Sinister in Base. To decleare its contrary bear­ing from the Succeeding Example.

A the like S betw: 3 Roses G born by Bugallberg.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, a Point Dexter Re­moved, & a Demy Cheveron Sinister, Gules; In Base a Cheveron charged with 4 Squires, Or & Az: by the name of Dentrey. This is also blazoned Ar; a Che­veron Gu: charged with 2 Squires O & Az with a Si­nister Demy one, & a Point Dexter Disjoynt in Chief, of the Second. The like I finde born by Van Harbourgh.

XXXIII. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron Argent, charged with two squares Sable. By the name of Square. This I have found otherwise Blazoned, as thus, a Cheveron charged with two Cheveronels counter-couch­ant; or couchant Dexter and Sinister.

XXXIV. He beareth Or, a Cheveron in point imbowed, Vert. And again I find it Blazoned, Vert, two [Page 58] points Dexter and Sinister Flaunchee, and a point in point Or, else a cheveron Flaunched. The Dutch generally draw their Cheverons after this form: This is a Dutch or German coat, born by Van Oeden.

S the like O born by Van Ehingen.

G the like A by Hohenrain in Bavaria.

A the same G by the name of Turndell.

XXXV. He beareth Purpure, a Cheveron of seven Tiles, each projecting other, Argent; or a Cheveron g [...]ady on both sides. This is born by the name of Grice. Some term it 7 Billetts or Tiles in Cheveron.

Per Fesse O and B the like Cheveron G with a Demy Lion rampant on the top of it S honoured O bornby Rugen.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, two Cheveron Arch­es couched, Gules. Some term them two Flaunches voided, but those they cannot be, as the examples fol­lowing will demonstrate, by reason they are born fret­ted. The French call them 2 Demy Wheels, or Circles fixed to the Dexter and Sinister sides. By the name of Learcher; that is Le Archer; as Deacres, or Dacres, for De Acres.

A the like G charged each with three Beazants, by the name of Van Pommersheim of Hassia. Also by Pern­sheim.

XXXVII. He beareth Azure, two Cheverons arch­ed, couched and fretted, Argent. By the name of Brace-Girdle. These sort of Cheverons do represent the Vault or Arched Roof of a Church, as well as the Pira­mid Cheveron doth resemble the Gable-end, or Rafters of a House.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron, on the top of it, the Ring and Cross-Beam of an Anchor, Sable; others more short, term it the Head of an Anchor; but I hold it best blazoned, to term it, a Cheveron Potonce, with an Annulett on the head of it. Such a Che­veron between three Cressants, was the Coat of that wor­thy person Sr. Edward Walk [...]r, Kt. Garter, principal King of Arms of all English Men; my very good Lord and Master, as pertaining to Arms, whose Deputy I was.

XXXIX. He beareth Or, a cheveron with a Cross Patee on the top of it, Gules. After this manner the Cheveron is often beset with several sorts of Crosses, the Flower de Lis, and the like; which doth rightly set forth to our view the end of a House, with its Piramid or Pinacle upon it. Born by the name of Topping. Also by Van Neven.

☞ The Cheveron is not only adorned on the top, but it is very often born flourished on both sides with Flory and counter-flory, as you may see in Fesses of that nature, chap. 4. numb. 36.83.

B a Cheveron with the point or top of it in the mouth of a Leopards head O born by Rotenburg.

Party per Cheveron B and G a Cheveron with the top of a Flower de Lis on the point O. Some term it a Cheveron Flory on the top. This is born by Van Fri­burg.

A a Cheveron Imbowed G on the top an Heart re­versed V Born by Purren.

XL. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron disjointed and crossed, Vert. By the name of Lawlesson, or for brevity Lawson.

XLI. He beareth Or, a Cheveron supported wit [...] a Beam and Standard, Gules. By the name of De [...] Dill. See of this cap. 9. numb. 95.

Of the Salter.

2. THE next is the Salter, which is an ordinary composed of a four-fold Line, whereof two ar [...] drawn from the Dexter Chief, to the Sinister Base, and the other from the Sinister chief, towards the Dexter base, and do meet by couples in acute Angles, abou [...] the middle of the Escochion. This ordinary is limited to the fifth part of the Field, the same being not char­ged; but if it be charged, then it shall contain the third part thereof; as the example.

XLII. He beareth Azure, a Salter, Or: Ferne calls it a Cross traversed in Salter. This Ordinary varieth his name in Blazon according to the diverse forms of Lines whereof the same is composed; for in that it is no less diversly made in respect of its lineaments, than the Cross is; whereof you shall see presidents of this fol­lowing. The French call it Crux decussata, being cut or divided like an X, this is also called St. Andrew's Cross, or a Cross Saltery. If it have no Charge, then saith Mor­gan it is termed per Salter. This is born by the name of Windcombe.

O the like S born by Helsby or Helesby of Helesby.

G the like A by Nevile.

A the like Sable. Born by Cavenham: and also by Baldwin. The like born by both Duckett, and Cornington.

B the like O born by St. Albon, the first Martyr of England, Anno 286.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, a Salter voided, Gules. By the name of Stevens.

G a Salter O surmouhted of an other V by Andrew.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, a Saltire quarterly quartered, Gules and Or. Yet the French term this quarterly only. Born by the name of Hatstat.

B such a Salter O and A is the Coat of the Bishoprick of Bath and Wells.

O such a Salter A and G born by Van Andlaw; also by Benkham.

XLV. He beareth Or, a Salter triparted Sable. The French term it, three Tierces in Salter: it is born by the name of Trillomberg.

A the like B. between 4 Martletts S. born by Tiercelin.

XLVI. He beareth Gules, a Salter Engraled, cou­ped Argent. Sometimes three of these Salters are born in a Coat, then the word Couped may be omitted, being un­derstood to be so, when they are removed from the center of the Escochion, except an ordinary interpose. This is born by the name of Brenecrosse.

A the like B with 5 Flowers De Luce O. by Bylingdon.

A 3. such S. born by Lesenten.

Er, 3. such S. by Newark.

per Fesse O and B. a Salter couped counterchanged by Mamming.

A. a Salter couped O. by Van Grefen.

[Page 59]XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Salter Saltired Sa­ble Some term this a Salter Crossed, which is very improper; for if the Cross be Crossed, or termed a Cross Croslet, from its little Crosses at the ends; then Justly may this Saltire (and also them that are composed, after the same form, as the Crosses are) be turned a Saltere Sal­tered, or a Saltire Saltirlet: being there is as much right to the term for one, as in the other. Leigh pag. 39. termes this St. Iulians Cross, of others a Cross Crossed in Salter, and a Salter couped Crossed. This is born by the name of St. Sebastine or Sebasline.

The Christian Knights and Martyres that bore Salters, were St Andrew, who bore it Trunked: St Laurence and St. Iames, bore it Raguled, shewing the difficulty of their asscent; St. Albon bore it plain, and St. Iulian bore it Crossed. Some bore it sharp, to shew their Sufferings, o­thers Flowry, to shew their Victory.

XLVIII. He beareth Azure, a Saltire Saltired, Pa­tee Or. And so of the rest, according to the diverse Forms of Crosses: these sufficeing to instruct the Ingenious. This is otherwise Blazoned, a Salter Patee Crossed, or a Cross Patee Crossed in Salter, born by the name of Frisall.

XLIX. He beareth Argent, a Salter Molyne Gules Leigh pag. 34. terms this, a Ferre de Moline, which cannot be, for the Ferre de Moline is ever peirced, which this is not: again Ferre de Molins are different from this, as the examples of them will demonstrate, see lib. 3. chap. 8. num. 57.58. to 67. And on the other side, to give it a new name becaus it is shifted, or trans­ferred to another place; is repugnant to common reason, & saith Gwilliams fol. 93: It is a paradox, that transposition (be-being a thing accidental) should give a new name to the thing transposed: quia novum nomen dat n [...]vum esse r [...]i; new things are supposed to be where new names are given: Addition and Substraction are of greater force than Trans­mutation or Location; yet there is no such power in them, as to alter the Essence of a thing: So then the removing of this from a Cross to a Salter, causeth it not to loose its proper and ancient Blazon, but rather to retain that which is most agreeable to reason. Therefore to Blazon it a Cross Molyne in Salter (or set Salterwise) is no im­proper term. This is born by the name of Saltmarsh.

L. He beareth Azure, a Salter Nowy couped and pierced Losengeways, Argent. This is also termed a Salter Ferdon couped and pierced: and is born by Mul­rin, or Milrine.

LI. He beareth Azure, a Salter Nowy, Or. This is the Coat of Nowilbergh.

LII. He beareth Argent, a Salter Nowy arched, Gules. Some puts the Archee before the Nowy; others term this, a Salter Ferden, from the Ferre de moline as it was made of old.

LIII. He beareth Gules, Four Chaines in Salt [...]r, fixed to an Annulett jn Fesse, O. by the name of Van Rissenberg.

G the like A is born by the name of Iay.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Saltire Azure, Botony Or. The French call it, a Salter Tholose or Toulouse, and Pometie, which signifies round and circular heads. This may be termed four Bowes (or Key heads,) the Shankes joyned in Saltire: or a Saltire of the handles of Keys. This is a Duch coate born by the nome of Bass [...]ing hold.

LV. Hk beareth Or, a Saltire Saltired Gules, Flowry Sable. This is also termed, a Saltire potent, Saltired Fowry; and a Saltire Gemelle, from its double Saltering, in the the head and steme. This is born by the name of Salterfoile.

Of the Frett.

3. THE next ordinary (if I may so term it) is the Frett, that is to be treated off: It is as all o­ther of the ordinaries, subject both to change, and being changed; as also to increase, and be diminished, which makes me to impute it as an ordinary, (though no He­rauld, as ever I heard, or read off, did ever so account it) therefore I give it a pla [...]e amongst the rest.

The Frett is a thing composed of six peeces, in maner of a true loves knott, an example hereof is in the follow­ing Escochion.

LVI. He beareth Diamon, a Frett Topaz, the French call this a Frett of six peeces; but Ferne, in Lacyes No­bility page: 69 Saith that a Frett, thus made, cannot be of less then six peeces, and therefore needs no other addition then a Frett: If it consist of more, it is called Frettee; as in the next example. This is Born by the nome of Cari [...]r.

A the like S born by the name of Vernon: And also by the names of Talmache and Braine.

O the like S born by Morda and Champaine.

LVII. He beareth Argent, Frettee Gules: Leigh pag 93 saith that if a Frett consist of eight, then it shall be numbred, if more, then to term it Frettee.

☞ Nevertheless, observe this by the way, that if the Escochion be smal or great, either the six, eight, or ten peeces, run from side to side, and that all the ends are joyned, to the parts of Field, then be the peeces more, or less, it is termed Frettee. This is born by name of Fret­termine, Hevay.

V the like Frettee O by the name of Whitmore of Thur­st [...]nton.

O the like B born qy Willoughby.

S the like O by Maltrevers and Yardock.

O Frettee G by Falkenston, or Falkenstein of Bavaria.

A the like G born by Rottengatter.

LVIII He beareth Azure, a Frett in Fesse, Or. The Frett when it is between any other things, then it is ever set thus: And then to say a Frett between such or such things, will suffice without mentioning its being in the Fesse part. Boswell pag: 129. Saith, a Frett transverse in Fesse. The like between three Flower de Luces, is born by the of Idnerth Voil, a Welch noble personage.

LIX He beareth Argent, a Frett Couped Sable. Born by the name of Yaton.

LX He beareteh quarterly Gules, and Argent; two Fretts Sable. in the Blazon of this Coat, you see:

☞ I do not name (on the second and third quarter, [Page 60] as some do, the two Fretts to be plaeed) but take no no­tice of them: For this is to be noted that Colour upon Colour, Mettle upon Mettle cannot be, neither is such good Armory. Therefore the Fretts being Sable conse­quently must be on the Silver quarters; on the contrary if the Fretts had been Mettle, then they should have been on the Coloured quarters. Born by the name of Spance. A and G quarterly two Fretts. O by the name of Dutton of Dutton, and Hatton. This is also born by Warberton of Arley in Cheshire. The like Coat with a Fesse B born by N [...]rris of Speake, and also by Robinson of Gwersilt.

LXI. He beareth Vert, a Frett Ingralled Or. as this is borne Engraled, so you shall have them Indented, C [...]n [...]ll, Waved and the like: If this had contained more peeces, then here it hath, (saith Le [...]gh pag. 93) then it should have altered from its name, and been termed Diaper; what diaper is? you may see cap. 7 numb. 17.18 This is borne by the name of Hornelow.

A such an one S. borne by Camfield.

G the like Er. by the name of Eynefort.

LXII. He beareth Argent, a Frett brettissed Sable. This Frett I find very anciently blazoned a Frett espined, or aspined, and of some, a Frett crossed. This is born by the name of Brettarchby.

LXIII. He beareth Gules, Frettee Or, charged on each joynt, with an Ogress, or Pellett. Ferne pag. 188 Blazons this, a Trillis, (or Lettice of a Window, or Prison grate) Or Cloved, or Nailed Sable. This is born by the name of Troll [...]s, O Frett G Nailed O by Trussell.

LXIV. He beareth Argent, Frettee Gules, each charged on the joynt (or middle) with a Flower de lis, so you shall find them charged, with several other kinds of things both quick and dead, examples whereof would be num­berless, these being sufficient for instruction to things of this nature. This is borne by the name of Ham [...]l [...]en.

A Frettee S between each joynt a Cinquefail G born by Thornton. See lib. 4 n [...]mb. 140.

LXV. He beareth Gules, a Frett Argent, interlaced with an Annulett in the middle Or. Here I say in the middle to distinguish the place, because the annulett (as I have seen in Coats) may be on the out side of the Frett, which is then thus termed, a Frett, interfretted (or inter­laced,) within an Annulett. This is born by the name of M [...]rdalase

LXVI. He beareth Or, between the inner part of a Frett, Gules, Four Hurts: or more short, blazon it, Or, in a Frett Gules, Four hurts: if they were on the out side, then term it a Frett between Four such or such things.

LXVII. He beareth Argent, a Frett, flory at each point Gules. This is born by the name of Flowerfort. I say at each point; to shew they are no where else, for by the term Flory, the Staves of the Frett may be understood to be adorned, with the Flowers also.

LXVIII. He beareth Azure, a Frett in a true Loves Knott, Or. It is born by the name of Truelove. Term­ed also a Frett double Fretted; or a Frett fretted, with round ends.

Of the Roundlet.

4. HAveing now spoken of the principal Ordinaries and of their Deminutions, it remains to treat of such things, as have a near resemblence among themselves, yet do really differ one from the other in name; of which sorts or charges, I shall in the first place speak of the Rounds, Roundles, or Roundlets; of which Leigh pag. 87. gives examples, of nine sundry sorts, each differ­ing from other, in Terms of Blasoning, and that ac­cording to their differrent collours; as for example.

If they be

  • 1. Or. then they are call­ed 1. Besants.
  • 2. Argent. then they are call­ed 2. Plates.
  • 3. Vert. then they are call­ed 3. Pomeis.
  • 4. Azure. then they are call­ed 4. Hurtes.
  • 5. Sable. then they are call­ed 5. Ogresses or Pellets
  • 6. Gules. then they are call­ed 6. Torteauxes.
  • 7. Purpure. then they are call­ed 7. Golpes.
  • 8. Tenne. then they are call­ed 8. Orenges.
  • 9. Sanguine then they are call­ed 9. Guzes.

☞ Now this you must note, that it is not requisite in Blason, to name the colloars of these nine Rundlets, except they be counter changed, as you shall see farther in these following example.

LXIX. He beareth Azure, a Besant, or as some call it, a Tallant; it is taken to be a massive plate, or bulli­on of Gold, haveing for the most part no similitude, or representation of any thing thereon, but onely fashoned round and smooth, as if it were prepared to receive some kind of Stamp: Some term them Bezants, and Bizants, of Bizanti [...]m the place where mony was Anciently Coin­ed. This is born by the name of Basinford.

G. 3. Bezants born by Babbington, Dynham and Hidon.

S. 3. Such born by Porcer.

B. 3. Such born by Nausolyn.

LXX. He beareth Sable, a Plate. This is called a Plate because of the resemblence they have to silver Bulli­on. This is of some called a Ball; a Margarite, or Pearl: Stones others take them to be, as Boswell pag. 89. & others.

G. 3. Plates born by Botesham, Tavys, and Musard.

G. 4. Plates born by Trotesham.

S. 6. Plates 2.2.2. born by Bronham.

LXXI. He beareth Argent, a Torteauxe. These by ancient Blazoners are called Wastelles, which are repre­sentations saith Leigh pag. 88. of Cakes of Bread; But must be Blazoned by no other name then Torteauxes. This is born by the name of Tortox.

O. 3. Torteauxes, born by Courtney.

A. 3. Such born by Boyzell, and also Fitzarmes.

A. 7. Such 2.2.2.1. born by Honypot.

A. 9. Such, 3.2.3.1. born by Gifford.

LXXII. He beareth Or, an Hurte. This saith Leigh pag. 87. Comes from a Stroke or some violent Blow on a mans Body, which becomes Blew, and from thence, it took the name of a Hurt. But Guilliams saith fol. 148. That they are a kind of Fruit, or small round Berry, of [Page 61] colour between, a Black and a Blew: they grow on a ma­ny-fold Stalk, about a foot high. And are found most in Forrests and Wood-land Grounds; and are called of some Wind-berryes, and Heurts, or Heurtle-berryes. This is born by the name of Hurtle

A. 3. Hurts or Heurts, born by B [...]skervile.

A. 10. Such born by Hurting or Huckling.

LXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Pomeis. That is as much as to say, a Green Apple, born by Pomell; Ermine 3. Pomeyes, born by Smith.

LXXIV. He beareth Gules, on a Plate, a Golpe. That is saith Leigh, pag. 88. and Gwilliame fol. 357. as much as to say, a Wound; and it is at your choise, whe­ther you will call them Wounds, or Golpes. Born by the name of Gol [...]hmean.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, 3 Ogresses. These are al­so termed Pellets. and do resemble bullets for Guns, & are often termed Gun-stones, or Bullets.

O. the like G. born by Co [...]rtney.

G. the like A. born by B [...]bbington, Bolkesham & Hofreit.

B. as many O. by the name of Nassonill.

A. as many B. born by Baskervile of Old-withington.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, six Orenges; these are both of the name and colour of an Orenge, therefore have they their name from that Fruit. This is born by the name of Orenge.

B. as many O. born by Rumsey.

V. as many O. born by Hew [...]ck.

A. the like S. by Lacye. S. as many. A. by Punchardon

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, Semy de Guzes. They are said to be the ball of the Eye, and are so Bla­zoned, although it be Sanguine of colour, that is a blood shotten Eye. In ancient Blazoning, I have seen the co­lours of some of these Rundles named: glor. 143. yea and some are of opinion, that one or two sorts of these, differ in there names according to the quantity of their Figures, and not in their colours. Yet of late times amongst our English Blazoners, it is counted a great fault, to name their colours (except they be found counterchanged of the Feild) as in the next examples.

☞ If there be more then six, or tenn, of these said roundletts in the Field: then they are not numbred, but are termed Bezantee, Platee, Pelletee, Torteauxee, that is (as much as to say) the Field is full of Bezants &c. Vp­ton termes that of Bezantee, Tallented. See more of this lib. 4. chap. 1. num. 37.38. and how these kind of num­bers were anciently Blazoned.

B. 10. of them (set 4.3.2.1.) O. is born by Zouch or Souche, and also by the the name of Beseles.

V. as many, O. by Liston.

A. as many S. on a cheif, a Lion Passrnt, by Bridgman.

B. 14. Beazants 4.4.3.2.1. born by Van Bulow.

LXXVIII. He beareth Party per Pale Vert and Ar­gent, three Roundletts counterchanged. Vpton calls them three Bals, and Gwilliams fol. 357. three Round­lets counterchainged; and by Boswell pag: 136 three Roundletts transmuted; and three Roundletts of the one and of the other. This is born by the name of Greenhall.

O and G. per Pale, the like counterchainged by Abtot.

O. and S. per Bend, the like in bend counterch. by Hoy.

O. and B. per Pale 3. counterchainged born by Paine.

A. and S. per Pale three the like, by Pi [...]h [...]n.

O and G per Fesse six Roundlets counterch. by Selley.

Of the Losenge &c.

5. NOw we come to those other things, which have a near resemblance among themselves, yet vary their names, only from their distinction of forms▪ and these are Fusils, Losenges and Mascules; the Figures of each of them, the following examples will demonstrate.

LXXIX He beareth Vert, a Fusill Or. The Fu­sill is a Figure composed of four strait lines, having its uper and lower parts more acute and sharp, then the other two collaterall or middle parts, which space between the two middle points (if the Fusill be rightly made) is alway shorter then any of the four Lines whereof it is composed. But this is to be understood of the modern Fusill, now in use; for anciently they were depicted after another shape; as the next will shew.

G a Fusill parted per Pale. O and B. by the name of Fideler.

Party per Pale A and B two Fusills Counterchaiged, by Lasmundt.

B three such and the Field Semy de crusilets O was the Coat of Robert de Stockport Baron of Stockport: One of the eight Barons belonging the Earldome of Ches [...]er.

LXXX He beareth Argent, a Fusill Gules. This is the Ancient Fusill, as I have seen in old Church Windows, and as it is set forth by Chassaneus part 1 conc. 75.

☞ Fusills if they be born Fess wayes, they are with their accute Angles upwards, as these Figures stand: But if they be pale wise, then their acute angles are set over cross the Escochion: If in bend then the acute Angles lye contrary to their locall Situation.

A the like G born by Schelmen Van Berg [...]n.

G three such A by the name of Cogan: Also by Fre­forsham:

A three such S by Pickerd.

LXXXI. He beareth Purpure, a Losenge Argent. The Losenge differreth from the Fusill, in that the space between its two Collaterall, or middle Angles, is equal in the length to any of the Four Geometricoll lines, where­of it is composed: The breadth I do confess I have seen, and you may often find to exceed the length of one of the Lines; But never less, for then it is a Fusill.

Party per Fess A and S three such G born by Lebers­kirch.

O a Losenge G born by Gibbing.

A the like G born by Van Schwerim in Brabant. Al­so by Van Eubing.

S three such O born by Guterath.

LXXXII He beareth Or, a Mascule, Sable. Leigh saith pag. 92 35. That the Mascle, or Mascule, is ever Square ((with the corners upright) whether it be voided or whole. But if they be Mashes or Masks of a net, as Ferne pag. 195 holdeth them to represent, then can they not be either Square or Solide, but must be voided; For if they be whole and Solide they would better resemble [Page 62] quarrells of Glass. Therefore the Mascule differreth from the Fusill and Losenge in two respects: First they are long this more square: And again they are ever born whole and intire, this is voided.

I have given you the differrence of these; I shall now proceed to give some examples of the several wayes of their bearing in Arms

A three of them S born by Allen and also Hyde.

A three of them G by Champaine, Gargan and Growpes.

LXXXIII. He beareth Azure, three Fusills in Fesse Argent. By the name of Cathrall.

A three the like G born by Mountegue.

Ermine three S by Pigott. And G 3 Er: by Denh [...]m.

O four in Fess B a bend over all G born by Angell.

S five A born by Dautree.

A six in Fesse G born by Stotenill.

LXXXIV He beareth Argent, five Fusills in Cross Vert. This is born by thame of Ouzelcroft: If more be born in a Coat, then say three, or five Crosses, each con­taining five Fusills.

Er: the like G born by Mainley.

O the like B born by Besome.

A three Fusills pointed or in point, triangular G born by Prawn, and also by Van Braun, & Van Crackaw.

LXXXV He beareth Azure, four Fusils in Pale, Or. This is the Coat of Fitz Almaine; and also by Ba­bastree. And thus Losenges, Fusills, and Mascles are born in bend Cheveron, or Salter.

G four such in Pale was born by By Iohn Fitz Nigel Barron of Halton, and Constable of Chester.

LXXXVI He beareth Argent, a Losenge flory Gules, charged with a Salter, Or. This is born by Catsby. The Losenge and Fusills are not only adorned witih flow­ers but other things: and charged upon as these examples.

G the Losenge flory O born by Cassyll.

G the like A charged with a bend S born by Bonevile.

LXXXVII. He beareth Azure, Seven Mascules conjoyned. 3 3 and 1 Or. This is born by the name of Ferrars, with a canton Ermine: Mascules are born ei­ther asunder or joyned together: As in this example, there fore you must take notice thereof: And likewise number how many are joyned, or set together in one row.

G the like O by name of Ferrers.

A the like G by the name of Braybroke.

G the like of 9 Fusills A born by Crespid.

A 10 Fusills 5 and 5 joyned S by Faucombride.

LXXXVIII He beareth Argent, a Mascule fretted with four of the same, in Salter, Or. This is born by the name of Die Van Dagellin a Germain.

Of the Gutte or Drop.

3 THE next thing (in order of the Engraven Plate) that receives a diverse manner of Blazon, and that according to the colours they are of, is that which we call Gutte, of the Latin word Guttae, which signifi­eth a Drop of any thing that is either liquid by Nature, or qualified by Art. These Drops, as I said, do receive a different manner of Blazon, according to their diffe­rent colours, or diversity of the substance whereof they do consist, as for example.

If they be

  • 1. Or. they are termed. 1. Gutte de Or, else Aure.
  • 2. Argent. they are termed 2. Gutte de Eau.
  • 3. Vert. they are termed. 3. Gutte de Olive.
  • 4. Azure. they are termed. 4. Gutte de Larmes.
  • 5. Sable. they are termed. 5. Gutte de Poix.
  • 6. Gules. they are termed. 6. Gutte de Sang.

Drops, saith Gwilliams, fol. 158. ate seldom born of themselves, but rather upon, or with some other kind of charge, either ordinary or extraordinary; or else di­vided by means of the interposition of some of the lines of partitions.

LXXXIX. He beareth Gules, one Gutte de Or. These Drops are taken to be Drops of fusible or liquid Gold; and are termed Gutte de Or, else Gutte de Aure, from the Latine term, Aur [...]m, Gold.

XC. He beareth Azure, three Gutts de Eau. This word Eau, is French, and signifieth as much as Aqua doth in Latine; which is as much as to say he beareth three Drops of Water, whose proper colour is Argent.

A and S per Cheveron, three Guttees counterchang­ed. By Crosbie.

XCI. He beareth Or, three Gutts de Olive, in Fesse. These are Drops of the Oil of Olives, which is of a Vert, or green colour.

XCII. He beareth Argent, two Gutts de Larmes; these Drops called de Larmes, or Larmettes, are deri­ved from Lacrymae, Tears, because they represent them, which are always understood to be Blew of colour.

XCIII. He beareth Or, five Guttes de Poix, Bend­wise in Salter. This word Poix in French, is the same to Pitch in English, yet among our Heraulds these are term­ed, Guttes de Sable.

A three Guttes de Poix. Born by Crosbie.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, Guttee de Sang. These are termed de Sang, quia ex Guttis S [...]ng [...]inis constant; signifying Drops of Blood, which is naturally red.

Some are of opinion, that Gutts are never born so as to be numbred, but ever go under the term Guttee; the contrary I dare not avouch, because I have seen Coats that have had but five Gutts on a Cross, and as many on a Chief and Cheveron, and eight on a Border; which are as so many things charged upon such Ordinaries; and yet in such Coats I never found any numbering in their Blazon, but only the term Guttee: But in Fields I have often seen them numbred, as in this example following; and in Coats after such like manner of Bearings. This is born by the name of Lemming.

S Gutte de Eau; a Canton Er. born by Dannett.

A the like de Poix, a Chief Nebulae, G by Royden­hall.

A a Cross Sable, Gutte de Aure, else Or. By Milket­field.

XCV. He beareth party per pale, Vert & Argent, twelve Gutts or Drops counterchanged. The cause as I conceive of the numbering of them, is, because they [Page 63] are one directly under another, whereas if they had been set one contrary to the other, as Ermyne are; then they would have been termed Guttee, and not so many Gutts; my Author of this Coat, Gwilliams, fol. 370. Blazons it 12 Gutts or Drops in Pale, (rather Palewise in four) else in Pale signifieth no more than to have six in Pale on one side; and six in Pale on the other side the partiti­on; which is a very uncertain way of Blazoning, to give any true knowledg of the manner of their placing in the Field. Born by the name of Glindall.

Again, as touching the Blazon of this Coat of Arms, it is in your choise, whether you will give it the Blazons abovesaid, or else say party per Pale Vert, and Argent six Gutts de Eau, and as many de Olive, paleways.

Per pale O and V twelve Drops counterchanged. Born by Grindo [...]re.

XCVI. He beareth Or, six Guttes de Larmes re­versed. By the name of Dropwater. These being of some termed exhalations or moist vapours drawn up­wards by the heat of the Sun, are therefore rather to be Blazoned, six Drops exhaled Azure, or six exhaled Drops.

Of the Bordure.

7. THE next and last of the Ordinaries to be dis­cussed is the Border; the Border is an ancient difference, used for the distinction of Coat Armour, of particular Persons and Families, descended from one and the same House, or Original Stock; each from other a­mongst themselves; and as they have been differences to Coats, so they have anciently been held for Coats.

And this may be proved by many Authentick testimo­nies, both from Authors, Records, & Seales: As likwise Coats themselues, which I have seen; Which is a suffici­ent proofe to me, to cause me to set it down amongst the Ordinaries for an Ordinary, though others be of a con­trary Iudgment. Examples of Borders, and its severall kinds are as followeth.

XCVII. He beareth Vert, a Bordure, Argent. born by the name of Bordrouch. The Bordure, (or Brisure, as the French Armorists calls it) containeth in breadth the 5 part of the Escochion, as saith Leigh pa: 111.

☞ Also it is to be observed that when the Field and Bordure about it, are both of one Mettle Colour or Furr; then you shall not term it a Bordure, but shall say he bea­reth Arg: &c: Imbordured. Which kinde of Imbordu­ring is reckoned amongst the number of differences of Bre­thren: But that thing is committed to the discretion of Heraulds, and Officers of Armes.

S a Bordure G born by Tagwaret ap Robert a Brittaine.

Er: the like B by Madock Voell of Wales.

G 3 Bordures A is born by Burdon.

XCVIII. He beareth Or, a Bordure Ingraled, Vert. is born by Sr: Rys Hen of North Walee. This word Ingraled, is derived from the Latine word, Iugradior: which signifieth to enter, or go in. or of Gradus, a Step or degree: And therefore it is called, a Bordure Ingraled (as Vpton noteth) Quia eius eolor gradatim infertur in Campo Armorum. S the like O by Ierworth Drwyndyn of Powys.

XCIX. He beareth Azure, a Bordure Invecked, Argent. This Bordure is contrary to the foregoing, for as that doth with its points incroach into the field, so this by way of Inversion, doth contract it selfe, as haveing the points in it selfe: in regard whereof it receiveth this deno­mination of Invecked, from the Latine word, Inveho, which signifieth to Carry in. The French term it a Bor­dure Engres [...]ee, Such an one is born by the Marquesse of Blainville.

C. He beareth Argent, a Bordure Invecked Go­bony, Or & Gules. born by Furstenberg of France. This is by the French blazoned a Border Nuagee, Ende­dans, O & G every Inveck being of a contrary colour from other. which of some of our English blazoners is ter­med a Border Contrary Invecked, O & G see cap: 9 numb: 86. G the like A & B born by Duckhome.

CI. He beareth Vert, a Bordure Indented, Or. by the name of Talliate. This term Indent, is borrowed of the word, Dentes, teeth; where-unto the same hath a resemblance, as well in property as in forme. As it is in these Bordures, so you shall have them Composed of the severall other Sorts of Lines, as is before shewed in Chiefs therefore it is needlesse to retalliate, these being sufficient to Instruct the Judicious.

G the like A born by Sr: Perducas Dalbreth.

G the like O born by Tudor Maur.

CII. He beareth Argent, a Bordure parted per Bordure Indented, Or & Azure. As this is Indented, so you shall have the Bordures parted according to the severall sorts of Lines. This by some Antient Heraulds is termed a Bordure Partie Indented, Gwilliams saith a Bordure point in point Indented: But that is a fit­ter & more proper term for the next example, where the Points extend to the out sides of the Ordinaries. This is al­so blazoned, a Bordure Azure, Charged (or Surmo­unted) with another Indented,, Or. Such a Bordure A Charged with an other Ingraled S belongs to the Coat of Birkenhead of Manley in Cheshire.

CIII He beareth Or, a Bordure Point in Pointe Indented, Argent, and Purpure.

A a Bordure Point in Point Nebulee. O and B over all a Salter G born by Van Schawenburg in the Province of Alsatia.

CIV. He beareth Argent, Indentee Borderwise, Gules. Such a Bordure was born by Sir Gilbert Talbot, Kt. of the Garter. This is of some termed only Indentee, as if the Indents were set no where, but about the sides of the Escochion: Of the French it is called, a Bordure Cane­lee, and dentilee of each point.

CV. He beareth Gules, a Bordure Quarterly, Or and Argent. Such a Bordure Er. and Chequie or coun­ter Compony. O and B was born by Henry Fitz Roy base Son to King Henry the eight This is the First sort of com­pounded Bordure, it is the least of the compositions being only divided into four parts.

CVI. He beareth Argent, a Bordure Quarterly Quartered, Azure and Or. This is a double composi­tion [Page 64] to the former, consisting of eight peeces, which is from the center of the Escochion, to be divided per Cross, and also per Salter.

CVII. He beareth Or, a Bordure Gobonated (or Gobony) Argent and Gules. Such a Bordure belongs to the Coate of Adoff Goth a Britain. This is the last of the composed Bordures, of a single tract, & doth consist of double the division of the last Bordure: viz. 16 peeces, and not to exceed; a few less it may, if the Border be so small, that it will not contain that number. It is termed Gobonated, because it is divided, and cut as it were in­to small peeces, which we call Gobbitts. Boswell pag. 35 termes this Compony, Argent and Gules.

Er: Such a Bordure A and B belongs to the Coat of Pickering.

Such a Bordure A and B belongs to Beaufort Earl of Somerser. And is by the French fol. 8. termed, a Bordure Camp, or Compon.

O a Lion ramp: B Crowned G a Bordure Gobony A and G by Campusen

CVIII. He beareth Argent, a Bordure Counter-Compony, Or & Sable. The terms Gobony or Com­pony, as afore shewed hath but one colour at a tyme in the whole breadth of the Bordure, or other Ordinarie; But the Counter-Compony, is made of two Tracts or Lines, And ever hath 2 colours in the breadth of the Or­dinary. If this be Counter-Compony, the other may fitly be termed Compony; being this is Compounded of two colours set foure square contrary one to the other. Of some this it temed Counter-Gobony, and Countre-Camp, or Campee ro only Compony

CIX. He beareth Or. a Bordure Chequie, or Che­ckie, Argent & Sable. Upon all ordinaries Chequie is composed of three tracts never less, but in Fields born Che­quie; they may cousist of more according to the discresi­on of the Artist. Therefore you must be carefull to ob­serve the number of Tracts, or else you may easily com­mit an errour in takeing Chequie for Counter-Compony or Counter-Compony for Chequie: See chap. 4 numb. 42 43 43 44.

CX. He beareth Gules, a Bordure Argent, charged with three Bendletts sinister Purpule, there is born upon Bordures, Bends, Bendletts, or Bendy, to any number; there­fore ever note in the sume of them to give it, its due term.

After this manner you shall have Borders charged with Barrs, Cheverons, Fretts, Pales, and such like, of which I shall give one or two examples.

☞ Note also that all sorts of Bordures are subject to be charged with things as well Artificiall as Natural; as by following demonstrations, in part shall appear: where in I shall not be curious either in giveing many in num­ber, nor therein observe much order.

CXI. He beareth Azure, a Bordure Cheverony of eight, Agent and Gules. born by Style

CXII. He beareth Argent, a Border Or, charged with two Pales, and as many Squires, and Barrs, Azure. This is born by the name of Latimer. Vpton termes this Bordure Pally Barry, contrary Coonyed, Or, and Azure; with a simple Sheild of Silver.

CXIII. Ae beareth Gules, a Bordure Argent charg­ed with Lucyes, Azure; and according to some (Se­my de Lucyes) or charged with eight Lucyes: The Border of any Coate, if charged with any thing quick or dead, it is understood, to have the just number of eight such thiugs charged upon it, and no more, nor less; if with more then to be numbred, else not.

CXIV. He beareth Azure, a Bordure Or, Charg­ed vith Lioncels, or Lion Passant, Sable. Gwilliams fol. 32. Leigh pag. 3. And several others term this, a Bordure Enurney of Lioncels: Which word Enurney (say they) is proper to all Bordures charged with any kind of Beast; which Beast must likewise be expressed in Blazon for the more certaintie thereof: Then the term Enurney is needless. Such a Bordure G the Lions O was born by Hamlyn Plantagenet.

The Bordure quarterly G and B the first three Lions the second, three Elowers de lis. O &c. or more short a Bordure quarterly England and France, Was born by Courtney.

CXV. He beareth Argent; a Bordure Purpure, charged with Trefoiles Or: else Trefoiled, or semy de trefoiles, (or a Bordure Uerdoy of trefoiles) which term Verdoy, Saith the foresaid Authors, is appropried to all Bordures charged with Leaves, Flowers, Frute, and other like Vegetables: And so the like unnecessary, is the term Verdoy, which Mr. Gwilliams himself in a sort acknow­ledgeth: When in the usiing of these termes, he giveth this causion; wherefore to make the Blazon more certain, it behoveth that you should expresly mention what kind of Vegetable the Bordure is charged withal.

CXVI. He beareth Purpure, a Border Argent charg­ed with Martletts Sable. Such a Bordure B the Mart­letts O was born by Iasper Earl of Pembrock half Brother to King Henry the sixt. Or s [...]my de Martlets, (or a Bor­dure Enaluron of Matlets) when any Bordure is charged with any sort of Foul, or Birds, or things belonging to them, this term Enaluron is to be used as a Blason proper and Ancient for such Birds; which term is also alike su­perfluous.

CXVII. He beareth Vert, a Bordure Argent: Pel­letee, surmounted of another Engraled Gules. This is born by the name of Birkenhead or Birket. Some term it charged with Pelletts, and others with Entoyre of Pel­lets which term Entoyre is proper to all Bordures, charg­ed with dead things, as Roundletts, Cressants, Mullets, Anuletts, &c. So that you must name what kind of Entoyre the Bordure is charged with: then what signifieth the word Entoyre; when neither charge or colour is signified by it?

CXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Bordure Ermine. After some a Bordure purflew, Ermine: which term pur­flew is common to all the Furres, so often as they are u­sed in Bordures. Yet Bosvell never useth any such terms see his Armory of Honour pag. 37. and the more wiser man he was in it; take my reasons for these foresaid ex­pression, to be contrary to the rules of Herauldry.

☞ In the blazoning of these five last foregoing Bor­dure, I have given you the five termes used by the fore­said Authors (and not them only but of four of their Disci­ples, who have followed their rules) but for my own part, I hold them superfluous, and needless to express any such termes, and that for these reasons.

[Page 65]First there is in such Blazon, a multiplication of words, which is before forbidden in the rules of Blazon, brevity being ever held the most excellentest way: So then to use words, when the thing is understood without them, is need­less, and not good.

Secondly; is in the using of such terms so many kinds of things, as are in the five words, were understood, it were something to be approved, but to use them, and af­ter to name the Birds, Beasts, Flowers, or Furres, &c. Makes it to stand as a cypher, and to no use.

Thridly; why should such terms be used to them, more on Bordures, then on those ordinaries, which are much more Honourable bearings, or in Fields. If to one, why not to the rest? Seeing when Bends & Cheverons are charged, they generally have three, and Crosses and Sal­ters have five, the Bordure eight things upon them; if more, then to be numbered.

Fourthly; and again it is very plain that Gutts, Bea­sants, Plates, Ermine, Varrey, and such like bearings; have the same names and termes wheresoever the stand, in the Field, or on the ordinaries, and yet no such term is then used to them; and why to a Bordure, more especial­ly then to a Feild? [is a paradox.] And so I shall leave it to more able and judicious Judgments: But they that will follow this way of Blazon, let them amongst the rest, find out a terme for Fish, as well as Birds, Beasts &c. For they are of a contrary nature to the rest.

Now in opposition to their terme I shall give you a Blazon of a charged Bordure which may serve for all things born after the same nature, kind or maner.

CXIX. He beareth Or, a Bordure Gules replenish­ed with Lions paws Arazed in Salter Argent. By this you may understand, that these Lions paws in Salter are set in eight places upon the said Bordure, which needs not to be numbred; though, I do confess by some igno­rant Blazoners I have heard, and seen it Blazoned; a Bordure charged upon, with sixteen Lions paws in Salter, o­thers sixteen paws two, and two, Salterwise.

CXX. He beareth Azure, a Bordure Counter-Flory Or. Of the difference between Flory and Counter-Flory: I have shewed in the Bend, and Fesse of that kind. chp. 4 numb. 36 83. These are also set about the Bor­dure to the number of eight and no more, or no less.

B a Lion rampant and such a Bordure A born by Lodge.

TO His Honored Friends and Kindsmen IOHN BRERWOOD Esquire HARBERT BARRINGTON FRANCIS BROWNE THOMAS SWINTON Esquires RICHARD PARKER, RICHARD WRIGHT, THOMAS SIMPSON, BENJAMINE BROWNE. Gentlemen. OUt of a Pious Affection, and Naturall Love to the Inhabitants of the Place of your Nativity (amongst other Friends) you have not onely shewed a great Willingness, But have bine very Zealous in Promoteing the Endevours of him who is your Fellow Cittizen, & much Oblidged Kindsman: Randle Holme.

CHAP. VII.

1. BESIDES these Ordinaries, which make Coats of Armes to consist of two Colours: Yet there are certaine other distinct Beareings which are as Honorable as the Ordinaries, And are Insi­dent both to Fields and Charges; Being compounded of two or more Colours; Which in their Blazon carry not the names of the Colours of which they are made, But go under other terms. Whereof there are 9. Sorts (after Leigh pa: 75.) and 8. (by Gwilliams fol: 23.) But I hold but 6. absolute, that have distinct terms, and these are called Furrs.

Of the Furres.

Furres used in Armes, are taken for the Skins of Beasts, striped from the body and Artificially trimed for the Fur­ring, Doubling, or Lineing of Robes, and Garments; as well, both for State and Magnificence: as also for whol­some and necessary uses. I shall then give you perticular examples of their severall beareings in Coats of Armes.

I. This is a Furr of one Colour, which is not used in Coats, but in Mantles onely; And is all white, which in Doublings, is taken for the Litvits Skin, or White Martyne. And is not to be termed Argent, but White: As being a Skin of a Beast.

II. He beareth Ermine. This is the Second kinde of Furr, which consisteth of a White ground, and black Spotts. Which you must blazon only by the name of Ermyne, and not Argent, Pouldred, or Purfled with Sable. For this is taken for the Skin of a little Beast lesse then a Squirell, that hath his being in the Woods of Ar­minia, all White with the Tip of his Taile only Black. Called by the name Ermyne, From whence it is, that this term of blazon is Borrowed.

In some Coats these are numbered, but then they Ex­tend not to a number above fiue: Yet both Leigh pag: 75. & Gwilliams fol: 24. say that they may be numbered to ten, aboue which they must not exceed. Which seems to me to be too great a number, for we often see that Crosses Salters, Cheverons, Cantons,, & whole Quarters: have but five set upon them. And yet such are not numbered, but go under the generall term of Ermine. Also whole Fields haveing some Ordinaries charged upon them, oft tymes have not ten, sometymes much lesse, yet are never numbered. Neither do I hold it necessary to number them at all, Except they are born as a perticular Charge is, as in these few Blazonings.

A 3 Queen Ermyne, born by Hermoin.

Foure Queen Ermyne in Cross, by Hurleston.

Quarterly A & G in the first a queen Ermyne, 2 Frets O born by Warburton of Grafton.

A a Cheveron G betw: 3 such born by Potter.

A a Cross berw: 4 such born by Crosherm.

A 5 such betw: 2 Barrulets G born by Malvarlegh.

In all which respects this is not a Furre, but a Mettall onely; But in all other Doublings & Lineings it is taken [Page 67]

[figure]

[Page 68] for a rich Furr. In which according to Gwilliams rule fo: 24: There is a late described Order for the Distribution of the Powderings, according to the Dignitie of the wear­er: Which is, that an Emperour, King, or Potentate, may have the Powderings of their Mantles, as thick as they please. a Duke may have the Cape of his Mantle only foure Rankes. a Marquiss three Ranks & an halfe. And an Earl three Rowes only. And a Baron to have his of white Furr.

These Rowes, or Ranks, before named, are of some Authors call Tymbers of Ermyne, for that noe man under the degree of a Baron, or Knight of the Garter, may have his Mantle Doubled with Ermyne.

III. The third sort of Furre, is that which in BIazon is called Ermynes: Which consist of a black field and white Powdering upon it. Yet neither in this or the for­mer shall you make any mention in the Blazon of them, of any such mixture, but only use the name Appropriated to either of them, which doth sufficiently express the ma­ner of their Compossition or commixture.

Boswell and Gwilliam fol. 25 are of oppinion, that Er­myne, and Ermynes, ought never to be set in Armes, with the Mettle of their colours, but in colours only: Because they are but Furres and have no proper Blazon with any Mettle. Yet antiquity and Custome (which are the vigour of the Law, where there is no written Law) are powerfull in things of this nature, to cast aside his fan­cy: For as much as it is manyfest, that not only Modern, but Ancient Coates are of such bearings, without any con­tradiction. Which he himself, in the Blazon of Walcots Coate pag. 106 36 39. might have taken exceptions a­gainst, if he could have produced any good ground to have warranted this his oppinion; but he passeth it over with silence as having no authority to produce.

IV. The fourth sort of Furre, is Compounded of a Yellow Feild or Ground, Powdered with Black, and is termed Ermynois. This Furre is not held so rich as the aforesaid. The use whereof Bara pag 14 maketh mention in his Book (Le Blazon des Armoires) also Edell Hiryssen in his Book, Le Iardyn d' Armories &c.

V. He beareth Pean. This is the first sort of Furre, which is contrary to the foregoing, it being a Black feild, powdered with Yellow.

VI. He beareth Ermynites. This is another sort of Furre, which at the first sight may seem to be all one with the second Furre; but it differeth in this, that here­in is added one baire of red, on each side of every one of of these Poulderings. And as this differeth but little from the second in Form, so but little in term, that being called Ermyne, this Ermynites; this is the only (& all the Furres) that is composed of more then two colours without name­ing thereof; all Furres else that have more then two co­lours have the colours named.

VII. He beareth Uair (or Uarrey) This is the se­venth sort of Furre, and doth consist of Argent and A­zure. If this kinds of Furre be compounded of any other kind of collour save White and Blew: You are to say, he beareth Uerrey of Or and Vert; (or Argent and Sa­ble) or else of such and such colours: But the term Vaire and Varrey, will suffice (for Argent and Azure) saying no more.

☞ In all Coates of this nature, and bearing the Me­tle is to have the preheminency and chief place; as be­ing the most worthy. But Leigh makes to distinctions of the word Vaire, (as Verrey and Varry) giveing to each term, two particular colours which they comprehend un­der the said termes, as

By Verrey is understood, Or and Vert. O and B saith Morgan lib. 2 fol: 73 by vaire is understood three or four colours, which must be told.

By Verrey is understood Argent and Azure. Which rules I must confess, I follow not; but agree to Ferne pag. 86, who in his Book of Lacies Nobility, writteth that there is no other Blazon, or termes allowed to a Furre, or dou­bleing of this kind, then only Vaire or Variated: For which word (Variated) our English Blazoners use Ver­rey or Verry or Vaire, holding the foresaid distinctions, or termes Phantasies of Leighs own makeing, without a­ny authority.

I shall therefore make no distinction of the words in this work, but some tymes use one, and then another, e­ver nameing the colours, except they be Argent and A­zure: At which either Vaire, Variated, Verree or Verrey and Verry; shall be sufficient, as I said before. This is born by the name of Beauchampe

Verrey A and S born by De la ward of Place ward, and Hasbell.

The same A and G by Grayley of Essex.

The like O and S is born by Oldfeild. also by Stanorton

The like O and V by Peverell.

G and Er: by the name of Eresley.

2. HAVING given examples of Furres, I pro­ceed to a kind of bearings much after their nature, & often used in Armes, both in the Feildes, & upon the ordinaries; which have no relations to any of the ordina­ries, but are of an Independent being, as these examples following.

Of Tinctures of Feilds

BY Tinctures, I mean the colour or colours of Feilds, of which there is a tincture that is to say mettal, Co­lour, or, Furre predominating Others not prodomina­ting, as having two Mettals or Collours of equal being as.

VIII. He beareth Potent Connter Potent Ar­gent and Vert. This is a Spanish Coate, and is born by Don Haro Maca. This term Gwilliams fol. 27 gives it from its resemblence to Crowches head which Chaucer call a potens; is reckoned by him to be a Furre, though Leigh and others make no mention of it amongst the Furre neither can I take it to be a Furre, by reason there is no certain colours assigned to it, as to other Furres, which if it were a Furre, it ougbt to have

This is of some old Heraulds called Varry Cuppy or Cuppa, and Uerrey Tassa, whih is as much (saith Leigh pag 111) as to say a Furre of Cups or of Gobbets, and to ranke Cups, and Gobbets with Furrs, as a Furre; is something proposterous: This is also termed Neirre (or Barr Meirre) Argent and Vert. So it is well Blazoned, and very Ancient.

[Page 69]IX. He beareth Or, Papellonne Gules. This a French devise and so you have th French Blazon for it by Ferne in his Glo: pag. 190 the term Pampelletee or pepillottee, in our English signifieth; Spangle beset with Spangles: But in my Judgment it may fitly be termed ac­cording to the English Language; Or, mailed (or Escal­lopee) Gules. Being it resembles, both the Iron rings quil­ted in Coates of Maile, and the lower part of Escallop Shells set one contrary to another like Fish scals. Some Artists term this in their profession, Scallop work, which if this were in use for English Coates would be a good term for it. See chap. 3 numb. 113 and chap. 9 numb: 86. This is born by the name of Grimball.

Per Fesse O & Mailed G a Lion passant S by Van Schwemke,

A a bend Escalloppee G. born by Tetenbach, and by Tettenbeck with the bend sinister.

Party per Fesse G and Papellonne A born by Newbrig or Nevburg.

X. He beareth Agent, Masoned Sable. This is so termed from the joynts of Stone worke made by Masons: Every joynt being made contrary to the other. This is also Blasoned syled (or sised) or joynted) which are terms such Workmen use, and are fit for such kind of Coats as this is. This is born by the name of Mason,

A Masoned S. a chief Battled B by Van Kalmuntz.

Party per Fesse Crenelle A and G Masoned. Three spurr Rowels G. born by Hoffer.

XI. He beareth Argent, Masoned into seven divi­sions Sable, a Lion between six Martletts, Gules. This is born by Lewis de Marrilla Earl of Beau [...]ont. Some term it, the Feild containeth seven parts 2 3 2. in the Fesse part a Lion Passant, the rest each charged with a Matlet; some say parted in three, masoned into seven &c.

XII. He beareth Argent Porculiced Sable, or after some Laticed Sable I confess I have divese Blasonings giv­ings to this Coate, as Batunes Fretted; other a Cross parted over all the Feild; others a Lettice, from its re­semblence to Lattice Windows. Ferne pag. 188 terms it a Troillis, as being the Grate, or Barrs of a Prison where Malefactors are kept. But his example is Frettee in which the Cutter was mistaken in not doing his part as he there acknowledgeth, when as it was entended, to be straight down, and directly over Cross and not otherwise. This is borne by the name of Gaoler.

G a Cheveron A. Proculiced S belongs to the Coat of Moulton, or Moulson; being between three Mullets.

XIII. He beareth Chequie, Argent & Sable. by the name of Thorppe. Of the Composion of Checkie, I have in the handling of the Bordures of that nature, shewed how it is to be born on all kindes of Ordinaries: But be­ing here a Tincture in the Field, it is Composed of as many Cross Lines as the Workman pleaseth, always pro­voided, it be done with discression, viz: not too many, nor on the other side, too few Squares.

And as these foregoing examples, and some others follow­ing in this Chapter, are Coats Armour of themselues; Yet you shall often finde them both Charged upon, with Ordinaries, and other things, Quick & Dead: As also the Ordinaries charged with these kinde of Tinctures: In the blazoning of which Coats, you must give to each of them their due aud proper Terms.

O & B chequie born by Warren. & by B [...]nton.

G & O born by Gilsland. also by Roos. & Molton. & Fitz Iohn. O & V by H [...]ckford.

XIIII. He blareth Billitee Counter-Billitee, Gules & Argent by rhe name of Billinger, This term is when the Field is onely divided into Three equall Parts Fessewayes, And the division per Pale, being as many as is convenient: makeing them always more longer then broad. This is also blazoned, Pally A & G a Fesse counter-changed.

XV. He beareth Barry of foure, Vert & Argent: a Pale Battelled Imbattelled, Counter-changed. by the name of Mallines, Or else term it, a Pale Gra­dy (of two) in the midle & ends, Counter-changed. see chap: 3 dumb: 84.

XVI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Gricee, by the name of Grangrice & also by Newhofer. Some term this a Fesse Double Escartelee, But then (as I conceive) it should have bine like the Pale aforesaid, set Fessewayes: which it is not. others say it is, Grady of three, in Fesse to the Sinister side.

XVII. He beareth Argent, Diapered, Sable. born by the name of Leuchtenberg, That thing is said to be Diaper­ed that is Fretted all over, and hath some thing, either Quick, or Dead, or both, between the Fretts. Gwilliams f [...]l: 32 33 34. In the blazoning of this Coat saith, Dia­pered Entoyre Enurny Evaluron & Uerdoy. Sig­nifying thereby, That the same is Diapered with Birds, Beasts, Flowers, or Plants, & other dead things, As Mul­letts, Cressants, Starrs &c: So that you see Diapering is a kinde of Phantasticall worke, as being Composed of some thing of all Creatures.

Now as in this Coat you have the Diapering with ma­ny, or every thing: So you shall have them of one or two perticular things, in such cases you may use this way of Blazoning, Diapered with such or such a Bird & Flow­er, or such a Beast & Plant: For Diapering usually run­eth the Field all over with Flowers, & Branches, & other Antickes creatures.

XVIII. He beareth Gules, Diapered, with a Flower de Lis, between Eagles & Lions Rampant. This kinde of beareing (saith Ferne pag: 189.) is much used in France, & Belgia, But very reare, or never in England.

Diaper, or Damaske, for the most part is but of one Colour, as you may perceive in this Coat, being the co­lour of the Feild is either Damasked all over, with the same colour made Lighter, or darker. Thereby to make it appear to be Diapered: as the Feild is born Damas­ked, so the Ordinaries are also, which are thus Blazoned.

Gules Damasked, a Cheveron Or. Born by Damasin

Azure, a Cross Diapered Argent. by Mache [...]oll.

A and B per Fesse Diapered, by the name of Vlme

A Diapered, a bend G. Born by Str [...]sb [...]r [...]h.

A Diapered, a Bordure G by Schweith.

Tinctures of Feilds by several Shapes and Forms.

3. THERE are several other partitions of Feilds, by which the Coat of Arms is Blazoned, but in a more obscure way: I mean, the division of the Feild having no denomination from any of the ordinaries, nor any of their derivatives; but by proper terms of their own: And o­thers again have a name from the Ordinaries, whose form they do represent. And lastly there are others which have their abstractions from Ordinaries, yet lose their na­ture and names: examples of each in their places.

XIX. He beareth Quarterly per Fesse Escartelee Argent and Purpure. Some term it quarterly with one Battlement per Fesse: The French, Escarterly Argent and Gules with a Cap in the middle, one in the other.

And is B [...]rn by the name of Van Clux of Germany.

The same G. and A is born by Trachten.

XX. He beareth, Party per Pale Inclave, Argent and Vert; or per Cisve paleways Argent, and Vert. And after others per Pale Inclave sinister, thereby shew­ing the side into which the Inclave was. Again I find it thus Blazoned [...]rgent, two Cantons Sinister Vert. because two Cantons on that side, must be placed in the chief & base Corners▪ this is born by the name of Clavelland

G the Inclave to the dexte A born by Sumiswald [...] and D [...]nn [...]sten.

A the like G born by Arwang.

G the Inclaver to the Sinister A by the name of Buttrich and Pelkh [...]f [...]n

A the like B the Town of V [...]lligens Coat in Germany.

XXI. He bearet Party per Pale, double beviled, Argent and Azure. Rather treble Beviled, being drawn Bevile at both ends and middle. See chap. 3 n [...]mb. 82 and this ch [...]p. num 62. This born by the name of Swivell

The like A and G born by Van Or [...]ell

XXII. He beareth Vert, tvo Squires contrary Squ [...]red in Fesse, and conjoyned to the sides of the E [...]cochion. Or Fern [...] pa [...] 198 terms these, two Es [...]es, or [...], contrary placed, and con­joyned to the Dexter side and chief; and the Sinister side, and ba [...]e; me [...]ting in Fesse. By the name of Squirvi [...]e.

A the like G Born by Van Tale, in Brunswick.

XXIII. A [...] beareth Party per Cheveron Grady, Argent and G [...]l [...]s▪ masoned of the first. Some term this a party per Fesse, double Escartelee. Others per Fesse with one Battlement, Imbattled. Born by the name of Charvall. See chap. 9 numb. 78.

The like B and A Masoned S Born by Rie [...]en.

The like A and V Born by Van Swarthen-stein.

Party per Fesse Imbattled G and A Masoned S by Schneweis.

XXIV. He beareth Party per Fesse indented into 3 points Trefoiled, Or and V After the same manner you will find Coates born, with one Leaf, and several other things, which are thus to be termed, as this example mani­fests, See numb. 26 & 64 see chap. 9 numb. 90 This is born by the nam of Van Trackwith.

Per bend Waveyed and Counter Ttrefoiled O and B born by Rump.

Per Fesse indented with three Trefoils fixed to the points Counterchanged A and B Born by Hillinger.

XXV. He beareth Gules, per Fesse pointed, with a Ball conjoyned thereunto, Argent. I have seen this teemed, per Fesse Archee reversed, in the middle a Pomell (Ball or Globe) Gules and Argent. Also a point Champaine, in Fesse pomelled. Born by the name of Blankenstaine. See chap. 9 numb. 50.

The like partion with a Cross patee [...] [...]nd A in base a Rose, is born by Peysing.

Parted, per point pointed, with an Hea [...]e reversed there on A and G by the name of Hernmansd [...]r [...], and by Hermbs­dorf.

XXVI. He beareth parted per Fesse waved, with 3 Foils (or Leaves) contrary poised Argent & Vert. as many leaves as there is, one is ever set opposite to the other in all these, kind of pertitions. Others Blazon it per Fesse nebulee o [...] three. numb. 28 and chap. 9 numb. 117. by the name of Crump [...]ch.

The like A and G. is born by W [...]nter [...]erg. And also Hermansdorf.

XXVII. He beareth party per bend sinister in Alave (a term from Ala, viz. in form of a wing) Or and Pur­ple. The French part 3 fol. 19 term it per bend Cut, Sliced, or noched into Ronds, except the top. Also it is Blazoned, per bend Bande. And is born by the name of Burg [...]n.

The like O and B by the name of Warnier.

XXVIII. He beareth Party per bend in form of t [...]o Round pointed Leaves, Or and Azure: or else with two Foiles contrary coyned, (or set one against the other) others per bend with two Foiles counter­posed. See chap. 9 numb. 117. Borne by the name of Pointalshaw. And G and A born by Ordtlieb.

XXIX. He beareth party per bend Sinister, in form of two Lions mouths, holding one the other, Argent, and Gules. By the name of Shagley or Schangley. The like G and A is born by Helchner

XXX. He bearth Vert, a Demy Cressant reversed and conjoyned to the Dexter base, Argent. I have seen a Coat that the round in the middle or hallow of the Cressant is of a contrary colour of the Feild, and they Blazon it Triparted in form of a demy Cressant fixed in sinister base: Vert, Argent and Gules. The first born by Van Rand [...]ck.

The latter by Elverfeild: And B the like O by Lin­deck zur Ligana.

XXXI. He beareth Or, a Pile of three points re­flected to the Sinister side, and fixed in Ba [...]e ▪ Gules. Otherwise thus, a Pile of three points reversed and bowed to the Sinister side. This is born by the name of Fide [...]sheim

G the sams A is born by Schinkey.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, a Pile invecked on one side, and ingralled on the other, imbowed, [...]zu [...]. This is of some termed, a Serpents taile, Enraped, issue­ing [Page 71] out of Chief. By the name of Eberbach.

O the like issueing from the Sinister chief and side G is born by Van Rordorf.

XXXIII. He beareth, Party per pale, Vert and Ar­gent, two Piles triple pointed, Bowed and Coun­terposed, pale wise, Counterchanged. Some terms the, Feild per pale &c. With two triple Piles, tre­versed, one to the Sinister, the other to the Dexter, Counterchanged. others term them two triple Piles Counter-bowed and fixed to the Line of division palewayes; the higher pointing to the Sinister, the other to the Dexter sides to the Escochion. Other will have it to be double, or Counter-escarteled, each having three Indents (or dents or dentells) the up­er into the Sinister &c. Others again will Blazon them two Gonfanons (or penons) of three points con­trary posed, as these are palewise, so they are Bend­wise, and born Fessewise.

A two such counterposed, the higher to the Sinister G. in the first and last quarter of the Escochion a Spurr rowell of the Second. By the name Senfetell.

Tinctures of Feilds by Abate­ments.

4. WE come now to the Tinctures or Partitions of Feilds, which are caused through Abatements. Now an Abatement is, an accidental mark added, or an­nexed to a Coate, by reason of some dishonourable, or un­gentle Act; whereby the dignity of the Coate is abased, and are generally termed Abatements of honour.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Point Dexter A­zure, of some called a point Dexter parted.

XXXV. He beareth Azure, a Point sinister Or. These points are usually set in any of the four points, (or corners of the Escochion, from whence they have their denomination of a point, from the place which they occupy.

XXXVI. He beareth Gules, two points Sinister and dexter base Indented Argent. By the name of Crooked.

XXXVII. He beareth Or, diapered a pointed Azure; if it be in the base point, it needs no other addition. Yet I have seen this termed, a base point, or a point in base parted, a plain point, and a point in base: Leigh pag. 79 80 calls it party per bast Barre. And Ferne pag. 183 177 termes it a basse. This point is composed, of all the crooked Lines, as the Ordinaries are: and so are these other Abatements following.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a point pointed Vert. Leigh termes this a base point pointed, though others call it a point in point. This is removed to any side of the Escochion, & then it is termed a point in Point dexter, or Sinister, according as it is. See chap. 3 numb. 103 and chap. 9 namb. 64. This is born by the name of Friwenclogh.

O a point in point, extending to the chief. B born by W [...]ldenwarth.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Point Pointed re­versed Gules. It is here termed reversed, because its proper place is ever in base, Born by the name of Van Curneg or Kurneck.

XL. He beareth Party per Pale in Point, Argent, Or, and Gules. Others term it, per pale Argent and Or, a point pointed Azure; and so Leigh pag. 35 hath it. Others term it party per Pale with Gyron in base. This is born by the name of Trifeild.

XLI. He beareth, party per Paule Argent, Gules and Or. This is thus Blazoned, as from the form of the Paule, of which you may see more in the Section of Pales. chap. 3 numb. 60. But I think it may more properly be termed party per pale, Gules and Or. a point pointed, reversed, Argent, or a Point in chief reversed. Born by the name of Goltaxt.

XLII. He beareth, Party per Pale and point, Argent Or and Azure. By the name of Fierer.

G A and S the like is born by Pan [...]with.

A G and B the like is Born by Van Westersteten. See chap. 9 numb. 75.

Per pale and Fesse B A and O born by Hinwill.

XLIII. He beareth Aznre, a Goar dexter Argent. These are removed, to either side, so that you must name that side which it is on.

XLIV. He beareth Or, a Goare Sinister Purpure. This is like the Point pointed, set in the Base sinister corner. But this is the place of the Goare, it never alter­eth to any place, but the sides: And is drawn from either dexter or sinister chief, to the middle of the Base, and Pointed. yet I have feen its form, sometimes set Fesse wise, as numb. 25 and chap. 9 n [...]mb. 65.

XLV. He beareth Argent, a Gusset sinister, Vert. If there be but one in the Coate, then you shall name the side it stands on, whether Dexter or Sinister.

XLVI. He beareth Azure, two Gussets Argent. These are born also according to the tract of Lines. This is born by the name of Trestan.

S two such A born by Coningham. Some term this a chief Couped bevile, and a pale conjoyned.

XLVII. He beareth Gules, a side sinister Or. The French term this, either a dexter, or a sinister, according to the side it is on. They are uot to exceed the sixt part of the Feild.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, a dexter and sinister side Purpure. These are born both dexter and sinister, and by pairs, as in this Escochion: and formed according to the several tracts of Lines formerly delivered. They are termed also two sides, and of some two sides dex­ter and sinister. They are born by the name of Sidleing Other charges are often born between them.

XLIX. He beareth Or, a point Champion, Gules. Of some termed, a Point Champaine, which termes are proper to all the points aforesaid, if they be arched thus. The point Chapourn or Champaine is also revers­ed, and set in any of the four Points of the Escochion, where they are termed Shapou [...]net or Champaine, only; as in the next examples and chap. 3 numb. 48 114.

[Page 72]L. He beareth Argent, two points dexter and Si­nister convexed, or Shapourned, Gules; some term-them in dexter and sinister chief; but they ever are placed in the corner points, if otherwise they loose their names,

LI. He beareth Argent, two points Shapourned, or convexed, Azure. Here I say not (in Base) by rea­son, it is the proper place for them, as before is shewed numb. 37 and 49

LII. He beareth Gules, two points dexter, and Si­ter ingraled, Argent. And a point pointed envecked, Or. This may also be Blazoned, a point pointed en, vecked, between two Dexter, and Sinister, endented. This is good, but if the Feild be charged, then I hold the first Blazon to be the better. As for example, if the Feild had a Cheveron charged, then I would say: Gules on a Cheveron, Argen [...]. Three Martletts of the first be­tween two points dexter, and sinistrr engraled, and a point pointed envecked Or. This is born by the name of Parpoint.

LIII. He beareth three Points, Or; Azure, and Ar­gent. This is an old Blazon for a Coate thus divided in­to three, four or five, parts: But then each must be of a several, and distinct, contrary colour, else this may be better termed, party per Fesse Or, and Argent; a Fesse Azure. This is Born by the name of Van Skriggle. The like A G and B is Born by Van Fellits.

Three points parted per pale, connterchanged, Born by Gawen of Gwalchmai a Welsh family.

S G and A in the points is Born by Rentingen,

The lik G A and B is Born by Emmershoffen.

Tinctures of Feilds from Ordinaries.

5. THERE are such partitions of Feilds, which have no Tincture thereof predominate in them, by way of dividing the Feild into even parts, so that one colour hath nor a greater share then an other, or surmount, one an other, & this is occasioned through counterchanging & Transmutation▪ as in example.

Per Pile.

LIV. He beareth, party per Pile in Base, Azure, and Or. This you may see comes down to the Fesse part, (or there about) of the Escochion, before it parts the Feild, which is the cause it is termed a parting in Base, the Chief being void, haveing no part therein con­tained. This is of some Blazoned two Points in Base parted, or Per Cheveron reversed. This is born by the name of Bastwell.

LV. He beareth Party Per Pyle Traverse, Argent and Vert. This Pertition if it did not begin at the Dexter Cheif Point, and dexter Base, & so run a long to the fesse Point on the sinister side, I should not take is to be a division of the Feild, but a Pile traversed, or a Pile in fesse. Born by the name of Geraf.

G the like A Born by Domantz: and charged with a Rose, is the Coate of Volcker.

LVI. He beareth party per Pyle transposed, (or reversed) Or, and Azure. Ferne pag. 199 Blazons it, a point Azure, and two points Or: Others term it party per Pile, point in Chief, Born by the name of Service.

A the like O Born by Van Raitenbuch.

LVII. He Argent, a Pile reversed Goaree, Purpure. The French term it, Chappe aroundy in point: a Pile reversed rounded in Base. it is also Blazoned a Pile Shapourned, (or Champained) reversed by the the name of Goarin [...].

G the like A Born by Van Tannberg.

LVIII. He beareth party per Bend in point to the Sinister,) or per Bend reversed) Azure and Or. O­thers per Bend Escartelee pointed, or per Bend with one Indent pointing to the Sinister side. by the name of Bourckland

The like A and G Born by Van Hernburg, also by Kunigell.

The like A and B by Van Hernburg.

LIX. He beareth party per Pale Or and Purpure, a Pile reversed Counter-changed. Morgan lib. 2 fol. 52 Blazons this Chappe Or and Gules, Counter-changed, which is after the Frech part 1 fol. 10 who term a Pile Chappe. But this is best Blazoned per Pale and Pile, Or and Pupure. This is Born by the name of Paline.

The like S and A is born by Van Weydegh.

The like B and A by the name of Raumumb.

LX. He beareth Argent, a point pointed, and two points dexter, and Sinister, removed, Gules. Some term them Cooped, or removed from, or out of the Chief. Others Gules, a Cheveron and Chief con­joyned, Argent. By the name of Van Windischgratz.

Per Pale.

LXI. He beareth party per Pale, Gules and Argent. This pertition deriveth, his name from the pale which is an ordinary that Stricketh throuh the middle of the Escochion, from top to bottom, and this parting being so nam­ed, as party per pale, yet is not a Pale: aud as this go­eth with a right Straight line, so you shall have them part­ed, with the several sorts of Bouched, Crooked and accute lines, as formerly shewed. Vpton termes these partitions Plaine Parted Gules and Argent: or Parted Per long, else Parted in lenght.

S and O per Pale Born by Fairly. and also by Farele.

The some G and O By the name of Peche.

A and G per Pale Born by Troppen.

O and G per Pale Born by Lissnick.

S and A by Lynckhoffer of Bavaria.

B and A per Pale Born by the name of Michelsbeck▪

[Page 73]LXII. He beareth party per Pale double Beviled, Azure and Or. Gwilliams, fol. 73. terms it only Be­vile, then it ought to have been in the middle, and not at both ende, chap. 3. numb. 82. This is born by the name of Althan.

LXIII. He beareth Paly of six, Vert and Argent: or after some party per Pale of six pieces. This is a­nother partition per Pale that hath no colour predomi­nate, that is beginning with one, and ending with ano­ther Colour or Mettle. Now as this is divided into six, so you shall have them both less and more, as Pally of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, &c. and as they are here composed of streight Lines, so you shall find them made of the seve­ral sorts of Lines before said; so that you must be care­ful to express both the number of Partions, and the form of the Line that they are framed with. This is born by the name of Langley.

A and G Paly of 6. By the name of Fitznowell, and Barescroft.

O and G Paly of 8. By Ynyr of Yale. Also the King of Arragon.

A and G Paly of 8. Born by Griffith Malior, with a Lion rampant over all. S.

A and B Paly of 6. Born by Strelley.

G and Er: Paly of 6. Born by Germayn.

LXIV. He beareth Pally of six, Vert and Or, part­ed per Fesse, counterchanged. Others thus, Pally of six, parted per Fesse, Vert and Or. And Pally per Fesse, counter-paly of six. This is born by the name of Fitzing, a German.

The French Blazon it Pally counter-pally, And is born by Fergus, one of the Knights of the round Table.

LXV. He beareth Pally of six, parted per Chief, Argent and Vert, counterchanged. The Chief being charged is thus Blazoned; Party per Pale of six, on a Chief of the Field, as many roundlets coun. terchanged. By the name of Cowworth.

The like A and G six Cressants counterchanged. Born by Sileto of Venice.

LXVI. He beareth Pally of six, parted per Sal­ter, counterchanged, Argent and Sable. This is born by the name of Van Hawson.

LXVII. He beareth Parted per pale of six, Bevile, Or and Azure. Others Paly of six Angled, or Rect­angled, and because the Rect Angles ruu Bendwise Sini­ster, for either the one or the other way, they must go in Pally; it is therefore by some Blazoned rect-angled in Bend Sinister, or rect-angled Sinisterwise. Born by Lo­zenstein.

A and B the like. Born by Posingworth.

Per Fesse and Barry.

LXVIII. He beareth parted per Fesse, Argent and Azure. Some will name the Colours first, thus, Argent and Azure party per Fesse.

☞ You are to take notice that in the Blazoning of these or the like, to name that Colour first that oc­cupieth the Chief part of the Escochion; and if the Chief be parted as the partition per Pale, then you must name that first, as in the Dexter Chief Point. Born by the name of Devon.

Tbe like O and B. Born by Susto or Zuston of Ve­nice.

Per Fesse Indented B and A. Born by Wormwood.

G and Er. per Fesse, a File of five points A. Born by Betfield.

A and B per Fesse. Born by Collingbach.

O and S per Fesse. By the name of Marspecken.

LXIX. He beareth Barry of six, Or and Vert. This partition consisting of more than two divisions, hath its denomination from the Barr, being called Barry, (and not as in the other partitions parted per Barr, by rea­son Barrs are of a double number, and all the other Or­dinaries single, Boswell, pag. 32. as from Vpton, saith, That Coats Barryed, are most commonly born to the number of six or eight, but not above, for then (saith he) they are termed Barrulettee. But Gwilliams, f [...]l. 373. holds no such rules for divisions or partitions of Fields; for in his Blazoning a Coat of twelve pieces, he terms it Bar­ry, and not Barruletty. Barry ever consists of an even number.

O and B barry of six. By the name of Constable.

Of six Dauncett G and A by the name of Toden­ham.

Of six Nebulae A and S and also O and S Born by the name of Blount.

Barry of six counter Battelled A and G. Born by Barre.

Of 10 A and S. By the name of Barrall.

Of 12 A and G. By Manwaring of Pever. Gwilli­ams, 373.

LXX. He beareth party per Fesse wavey, Argent, and Barry of four, undee, Azure and Or. By the name of Barle. This parting per Fesse Vpton terms par­tie Traverse.

LXXI. He beareth party per Fesse, and a Pale Er­myne and Vert. This may be termed also per Fesse Inclave in Base. See numb. 20. Born by the name of Lowen.

LXXII. He beareth party per Fesse Angled, Gules and Vert. else party per Fesse rectangl [...]d. By the name of Angell. The same G and A is born by Fin­sterloe.

A and B per Fesse dexter rectangled. Born by Van Leubrechting.

The like A and G born by Van Fronberg.

The like S and A by Van Langeneck.

A and G the higher Angle on the Dexter part, is the Coat of Van Lindt, whence some have taken occasion from the uppermost Angle, to term this partition per Fesse Angled from the Sinister, &c.

LXXIII. He beareth party per Fesse, Bevile, Or and Azure. By the name of Turber. This also is ob­served by most, to mention what side the higher acute Angle doth proceed from, as thus, per Fesse De [...]ter Beviled, then the Line proceeding from the Dexter side is the highest: When it is per Fesse Sinister Bevi­led, then the Line on the Sinister side is the higher.

[Page 74]LXXIV. He beareth party per Fesse Indented into three points, at each a Cross Patee counterchanged. This is by Ferne page 299. termed, Emanuchee of Purpure and Or. Others term it per Fes [...]e Indented of three; or having 3 Dents or Den­tells, chap. 8. numb. 96. This is born by the name of Elbell. Some Blazon it▪ Indented of three points, one to Chief, and two to Base, else the two points might be drawn uppermost, and the single point below.

The like with Roses on the points B and A is born by Van Rheling, and Rehling [...]r.

The like with Flower de lis tops G and A is born by Reic [...]ell.

LXXV. He beareth party per Fesse, the chief part quarterly Indented in the same, Or, Ermyne and Argent, in Base two squires Sable; but it is best Blazoned quarterly Indented per Fesse (or Fesse ways) Or and Ermyne; and parted per Fesse, Argent. The naming of the Fesse twice (being in Coats of this and the like nature) is no bad Blazoning. This is born by the name of B [...]rley. The Squires are no other than Cantons voided.

LXXVI. He beareth Barry of Four, Or and A­zure, a Pile counterchanged. Some term it Barry of four, and party per Pile counterchanged, Or and Azure; either of which will pass for good Blazon­ing; and is born by the name of Van Te [...]fenberg.

LXXVII. He beareth Barry of six, Gules and Ar­gent, party per Pale, and per Cheveron counter­changed. Others, as I said before, will name the co­lours last; as Barry of six parted per Pale and Che­veron counterchanged, Gules and Argent. By the name of [...]i [...]hley.

LXXVIII. He beareth triparted Barwise, each Indented per Fesse, Argent and Vert. Some term it point in point Indented, but that I have shewed to the contrary in the Chief of this nature, chap. 3. numb. 47. Some Blazon this two Barrs Indented in the lower side, with a Chief of the same. By the name of Dentall.

Barry of 4 A and B each Imbattled per Fesse, coun­terchanged. By the name of Marschalt Van Obern­d [...]rf.

LXXIX. He beareth Barry of six Nuee (or goar­ed, or trible Archee) Or and Purpure. The French term it Tranche nuage, or Nuee: and Brottesse of six pieces, and Barry Arondies. By the name of Trai [...]w [...]sher.

LXXX. He beareth Vert, in Fesse, four Piles couped, transposed (or reversed) in Base two Piles of the same, Argent. Some Blazon it four Piles in Chief transposed, and two issuing out of Base. This is the Coat of Figolwinder, of the Kingdom of Po­lonia.

Party per Fesse A and G 3 Piles couped and transpo­sed in Fesse B born by Bredell.

A 3 Piles reversed, on each point a Bird standing B. By the name of Waldner van Frundstein.

Per Bend.

LXXXI. He beareth party per Bend, Argent and Vert: And sometimes you shall find this kind of par­tition set on the left side of the Escochion, which is then Blazoned, parted per Bend Sinister; and likewise composed of the several sorts of Lines, as is before shew­ed. This belongs to the Family of Probline. The French call this Tranche.

O and V per Bend, is born by the name of Hawley.

A and G is a part of the Coat belonging to Mac Williams.

S and O per Bend Sinister, born by Franceis.

Er. and Ers Sinister, a Lion rampant O born by Tu­dor Trevour.

LXXXII. He beareth Bendy of eight, Or and Gules. In the Blazoning of this Coat, it may be dispu­ted what Colour or Metal is first to be named; Gwil­liams, fol. 366. saith, That usually they begin in the Chief, as in the foresaid example.

☞ But if it be diversely parted as in this Coat, then to begin in the Dexter Corner, which is ever held to be the most honourable place. But I judg it, in this Coat of Bendy (if it exceed the number of six) to be as an indifferent thing, and it may be in the Blazoners choise, whether he will name Colour or Mettle first: But if the Chief be wholly or in part unparted, as in Barry Cheveronny, Quarterly, Gyrony, &c. Or if the Chief be parted, and the Dexter side without lines, as in Pally, &c. Then to name that Colour or Mettle first, which occupieth the Chief or Dexter Chief, or the Dex­ter side, is very requisite. This is born by the name of Bishopsdale.

G and Er. Bendy of 6. Born by Coykin.

O and B of 10. Born by Mountfort.

A and B of 6 Bendy by the name of Playters.

LXXXIII. He beareth triparted in Bend, Vert, Argent, and Sable. It is so blazoned by Ferne, pag. 185. and cannot be taken for a Bend (being too large) but a partition of so many parts; otherwise if it were but of two colours, it might be Blazoned Argent, 2 points Dex­ter and Sinister Base, Vert. See numb. 88. This is born by the name of Van B [...]rghulme.

Triparted in Bend Sinister A G and S. is on an Esco­chion of Pretence, belonging to the Coats of the Duke of Finland.

The like O G and B with a Greyhound currant in Fesse A is born by Rubatsch.

The like G A and B is born by Ergoltspach.

LXXXIV. He beareth Bendy of six Enarchee (or Champaine) Purpure and Argent. Born by the name of Bowbridge.

LXXXV. He beareth party per Bend Nuee, Vert and Or. This is of some termed Double Goared, &c. See numb. 79. The French Tranche en Nuage, and Arondies Dexter per Bend. By the name of Gautimor.

B and O born by Van Heynspach.

[Page 75]A and G the like. Born by the name of Wolken­staine.

LXXXVI. He beareth Bendy of six goared, Azure and Argent. The French term it, Bendy Chevero­nee of six pieces. Bendy Goaree to the Sinister, to shew that the Goare points tend to that side which must be observed in this kind of Bearings, else a great absurdity may be committed; as these two last examples will ma­nifest. This is born by Havid van Weselheim.

LXXXVII. He beareth party per Bend Urde, Gules and Or. By the name of Iauffe wan Vrdmay.

☞ Note, There is difference between Urde, and Urdee or Urdy; the first being of a single number, the other signifies many: It is also Blazoned per Bend Cham­pion to the Sinister.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, three Pellets, a point Sinister, and another in Dexter Base In­graled, Azure: Or else thus, two points Sinister and Dexter Base, or triparted in Bend Ingra [...]ed. See numb. 83. Born by Friheim, a German Family.

LXXXIX. He beareth Barry of six, Or and Azure, party per Pale indented, counterchanged. Or thus, Barry of six, parted per Pale Indented, Or and Azure. By the name of Changer.

The like A and G born by Peyto.

XC. He beareth party per Fesse, Vert and Argent, a Losenge in point counterchanged. Ferne pag. 201. terms this, per Fesse a point Argent, and two points Vert; as many in Base counterchanged. Some as following his example, Blazon it per Fesse, Argent and Vert, four points counterchanged. The French, part 3. fol. 5. thus, per Fesse two triangles counterchan­ged one of the other. This is born by Hinxley, or Hinches [...]ey see chap. 9. numb. 100. The Latine Blazons it, Arma Argentea duplicata de Nigr [...]: and the French say Argent de coppe, or cut about, Sable.

Per Cheveron.

XCI. He beareth party per Cheveron, Gules and Or. This is born by the name of Estonber.

S and A. Born by Aston of Aston, in Cheshire.

S and Er. per Cheveron, two Boars heads. By Sand­ford of Sandford.

Per Cheveron in Chief A and G. a chief of the second. Born by Neydeck.

XCII. He beareth party per Cheveron Urde, Ar­gent and Azure. By the name of Millerby.

XCIII. He beareth party per Pale, and engraled per Cheveron, Or and Gules. Others term it thus, per Pale, Or and Gules; and per Cheveron engra­led counterchanged. Boswell, pag. 71. Blazons it, tra­versed in four, per pale and Cheveron. By the name of Owlerhead.

XCIV. He beareth Cheverony of Eight, Argent and Vert. By the name of Cheverony.

Per Pale and Pile.

XCV. He beareth party per Pile, and Cheveron, Gules and Argent. Also per Pile, Gules and Argent, per Cheveron counterchanged. By the name of Corvile.

XCVI. He beareth party per Pale and per Cheve­ron of six, Gules and Or. By others he beareth par­ty per Pale, (or pally) of six, Gules and Or, and per Cheveron of the same, counterchanged. By the name of Spotworth.

XCVII. He beareth party per Pile, Azure and Or. Some term it per Pile in point, but that is a needless expression, because partings ever run from side to side of the Escochion. This party per Pile may be charged (as saith Leigh, pag. 27.) but no other part of the Field, and it may be used as one only Coat. This is born by the name of F [...]bley.

Party per Pale, and per Pile, A and G. Born by Osterreicher.

XCVIII. He beareth Pily of six pieces traverse, Argent and Purpure, Gwilliams, fol. 376. terms this Barry Bendy of six pieces. Leigh, pag. 91. gives an example of this kind of Bearing, and calls it Bar­ry Bendy, but names not the pieces, because he saith they are ever to be eight; and so doth his Scholar B [...]s­well. And Vpton, pag. 102. (not considering it to be a partition derived from the Pile) gives it a better Blazon­ing, who calls it Bendy Barried (or Barwise) Ar­gent and Gules. This is by some termed, per Pale Indented, traverse the Escochion. Also per Pale Endented point in point. If these Points had stood to the Chief and Base, your Blazon had been only Pily of six, but standing overthwart, you must express the traverse. The French, part 3. fol. 5. term it party Em­manchee. This is born by the name of S [...]ichler.

Pily of 4 G and A transverse in point. By the name of Krachmar, or Van Crachmar.

The like Pily of 5 B and A. By the name of Van Wandersleben. And also by Sclanders [...]erg.

The like Pily of 6. O and S. Born by Muer [...].

The like Pily of 6. G and A. By the name of Lew­ersdorf.

XCIX. He beareth Pily of eight, traverse in point to the Sinister Fesse, Gules and Or. The term traverse in point, will suffice if it be on the Dexter side. This is born by the name of Sidwell.

The like A and G is born by Casarstole, or Kaisers­stul.

C. He beareth party per pale, Or and Sable, with a Gyron Sinister in Fesse. Some name the Giron to be in Sinister Base. By the name of Drawlinbergh.

Per pale B and O a Gyron in Chief. A Born by Dedge.

Per Salter.

CI. He beareth Party per Salter, Azure and Ar­gent. Some term this a Gyron of four pieces, all the four parts may be charged with any thing, either Quick or Dead, or any two parts of them; or with one entire thing over all the Field. This partition is likewise sub­ject to the several sorts of Lines according to the foresaid Rules; but are never formed of two distinct Lines in one and the same Coat, that being only peculiar to quarter­ly bearings, or in such Coats by which two ordinaries are expressed, as numb. 93, 105, 106, 108. This is born by the name of Higson.

Er. and G per Salter. Born by the name of Rest­wold.

The same B and O is born by Kall, or Call. Also by Pympard.

The same B and A a Salter G Born by Gage. Also by Dermart.

The same G and B was born by King Athelstan.

CII. He beareth Party per pale, and Salter, Or, and Gules. By the name of Stile.

CIII. He beareth Party per Salter. Argent and A­zure, a Salter counterchanged. By the name of Tomlinson.

Per Cross or Quarterly.

CIV. He beareth Quarterly, Vert and Or. This is also termed party per Cross, Sph. lib. 1. fol. 9.19. that is, when it consisteth either of Colour, Mettle or Furrs, without any other charge, Gwill. fol. 364. But if it be charged upon, or on any, or all the quarters, then it is best blazoned quarterly; yet Vpton holds no such rule, but in all his Blazonings terms it quarterly, whose Rule I chuse rather to follow. This is born by the name of Verdit.

Er. and Chequie O and B quarterly. Born by Gyde­thorpe.

The like G and A Born by Walleis.

Quarterly G and Er. By Stannope of Rampton.

The like O and G a Bend S. Born by Malbanck, Ba­ron of Wich Malbanck.

The like G and O in the first a Lion passant A. By Massy, Baron of Dunham-Massy.

CV. He beareth quarterly endented per Fesse, Vert and Argent. Born by Whitelberg.

The like O and B. Born by Parrott and Baston.

The like G and O. Born by Bromley of Hampton.

The like O and G by Laton or Leighton.

The like S and A by Bassy.

CVI. He beareth quarterly Endented per pale, Sable and Or. And so in several Coats you will find the one of the partitioned scores according to the other prescri­bed Lines for the composing of Ordinaries. This is born by the name of Gunders.

The like O and B belongs to the Coat of Audeley.

The like O and G by Danco.

CVII. He beareth Argent, a Cross Parted, Gules. See more of this in Crosses, cap. 5. numb. 13. Some term this, parted into Nine equal Divisions, in which if the Cross part be charged, it containeth but four things, but if on the Field, the Charge will be five, by which num­bers (if either charged) you may understand whether the Field or Cross is occupied, without mentioning the same. For this Coat I have seldom seen born, but either the one, or other, or both, have been charged with some­thing or other.

CVIII. He beareth quarterly, party per pale Endent­ed, Gules and Argent; and Azure, a Fesse Or. The like you shall find endented (or with other lines) per Fesse, per Cheveron, per Salter, &c. And that both in the first or second quarters; if the second quarter had had the par­tition in, then you should have named the colour of the first before any mention were made of the second quar­ter as thus: quarterly Azure, and party per pale In­dented, Gules and Argent. See chap. 8. numb. 117. This is born by the name of Van Kitzinghall.

CIX. He beareth quarterly Vert and Or; a Fesse and Bordere counterchanged of the Field. Ferne, pag. 202. Blazons it thus quarterly, V and O. a Fesse counterquartered within a Bordure counterchan­ged every one of the other. And the French, part 3. fol. 21. say quartered, the first and fourth Azure, in the Fesse Or, and in the Bordure the same; the second and third of Or, the Fesse Azure, and the Bordure of the same. This is born by the name of Don Pressignies Ve­rillo.

CX. He beareth parted per Fesse, Azure and Ar­gent, two Bordures counterchanged. Others term it per Fesse Azure and Argent, each Bordured coun­terchanged. This is born by the name of Van Li­ping.

The like G and A is the Town Coat of Luberg. Also the name Solothurn.

The like A and S is the Town of Vlme.

After the same manner the German and Dutch bear Coats, thus bordured both per Bend and per Pale; as Azure and Argent per Bend each bordured counterchan­ged. Born by Zurich.

Azure and Argent per Pale, each Bordured counter­changed. By the name of Lutern.

Tinctures of Fields from Ordinaries obscure.

6. HAVING given examples of Coats abstracted from Ordinaries by a manifest Demonstration; now it followeth in Order to speak of such Tinctures of Fields as have their derivation from the said Ordina­ries, but in a more dark and obscure way, as in these and the like examples.

CXI. He beareth Paly Bendy, Pearl and Ruby. Here you may see this Coat is composed of the Lines [Page 77] of two kinds of Ordinaries commixt, to wit, of Pales and Bends, born overthwart the other, for which cause they are termed Paly-Bendy, a term not unfitly ap­propriated to it. Boswell, pag. 37. Blazons it Fusilly-Bendy: And Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 9. Bendy Losengie, but I suppose they mean it by the example following, numb. 114. which is the true Losengie or Fusilly Bendy, and not this. This Coat is Born by the name of Zu­zarg, of Germany.

The like A and B. Born by Bavaria, Earl of Lei­cester.

Paly Bendy Sinister G and O. Born by Salomon, a Venetian.

Party per Pale, Paly Bendy B and O and G. Born by Flitzing. Some term this from the French Tranche Traverse.

CXII. He beareth Barry Bendy, Or and Azure. This consists of Barrs and Bends; and sometime you shall have the Bends to be Sinister, which you must men­tion in your Blazon thus, Barry Bendy Sinister. Leigh, pag. 91. gives an example of a Coat which he terms Barry Bendy, which is in the draught Pily Bendy, which example I have before shewed, numb. 98. under the term of Pily of six traverse, which is by di­vers Heraulds thought to be better Blazoned so than by Barry Bendy. Mr. Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 9. terms this Barry Bendy Losengie, or Bendy Losengie. This is born by the name of Barben of Venice. These kind of Bearings are rarely used with us, therefore few examples can be produced. The French term this Tranche Traverse. This is born by the name of Sarratt.

G a Fesse Barry Bendy A and B is born by Nusberg.

CXIII. He beareth Losengie (or Fusilly) Argent and Vert. This is not derived from any ordinary, but is abstracted from a common Charge, as the Fusill or Losenge, which being born all over the Field, is termed Losengie, or Fusilly; that is to say Losenge-ways, Fusill-ways, &c. as this is all over the Field, so it, (with the two foregoing Coats) are often born upon the other ho­nourable Ordinaries, which are likewise thus to be term­ed; as a Bend Fusilly, a Cheveron Losengie and the like.

☞ In the blazoning of these, because there is no certain Colour or Mettle, which occupieth the Chief, therefore the Mettle is always to be named first. Ferne, pag. 195. terms this Malculie, and a Field of Mas­cles. If termed from an Ordinary, say Saltery, or Bendy Dexter and Sinister counterchanged.

CXIV. He beareth Losengy Bendy (or Fussily Bendy) Or and Gules: So termed because they ly with the Points Bendwise; and as these are drawn Dexter Bend­wise so you shall find them (especially in French Coats) bending to the Sinister side, which you must term Lo­sengy Bendy Sinister. This Coat is often drawn more numerous in the Losengy Bendy. This is born by the name of Martono of Venice.

The same A and B a Chief G. Born by Puntzinger.

CXV. He beareth Barry of six point in point, endented and counterchanged, Or and Vert. This I find also Blazoned, Barry Indented oue into the other. And Barry Bendy Losengie connterchan­ged. There is no doubt but one Coat of Arms may receive two or three, or more ways of Blazon, and yet all good. Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 9. terms it Barry Lo­sengie counterchanged, which is also very proper: And the Freneh, fol. 151. term it triangled, counter-triangled of so many pieces: and Trianglee of Or and Vert: See another kind of Bearing like this, yet different in the Blazon, cap. 9. numb. 112. This is a Dutch Coat born by the name of Kinspargall.

The same A and S is born by the name of Gise.

CXVI. He beareth Masculy, Argent and Vert. Ferne pag. 195. terms Losengie by the name of Masculy; but this is the right manner of Mascule-wayes, which is, as if it were Losengie, each charged in the middle with a square piece Losenge-wise, of the contrary colour as you see in this example; for it is ever the property of the Mascule to be voided. See it born otherwise with the points Bendwise, cap. 9. numb. 118. This is in the Church-Window of Hartlebury in Worcestershire, from whence I tricked the same.

From Fusils, Mascles and Losenges, when born all o­ver the Field, they are termed in Blazon, Fusily, Lo­sengy, Masculy, that is Fusil-wise, Losenge-wise, Mascule-wayes; which bearings are often found charged.

CXVII. He beareth Barry Nebulee (or Nebula­ted, Or and Azure. Some term it of six pieces, but when the whole Field is so occupied, I think it needless to express the number of Barrs. Others Blazon it Ne­buse counter-Nebulee; and Nebulee in point. This is born by the name of Cloudley.

The like O and G born by Lovell.

The like O and S born by Blount.

The like B and A on a Chief O a Lion rampant is­suant S Born by the name of Rottelu.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, an Orle of Pellets chained, all fixed to another in Fesse Gyron-wise. This is born by the name of Nevaire. This is generally termed the Navarre Knot, being the Coat of that King­dom; thus I have seen it drawn of old, but now it is otherwise, as you may see chap. 9. numb. 32.33.

CXIX. He beareth Gyronny of four Champaine (or enarched or flected) Argent and Azure; or else thus, quarterly enarched, or parted in four, flected. Born by the name of Crookshaw.

A and G the like. Born by Brauneck. Also by Na­gell.

The like A and B is born by Van Elershofen, of Fran­conia.

CXX. He beareth triparted, flected, and reflect­ed, conjoined in the Center (or Fesse point) Ar­gent, Or, and Azure. Born by the name of Tribute.

The like A G and S born by Van Fridesheim.

The like A G and B born by Teuffel.

TO His Honored Friends, William Ince, William Wilmes, and Iohn Anderson, Esquires. William Wilson, William Bennett, Iohn Wilme, Isaac Swift, Iohn Iones, William Selby, Gentlemen; And to each of them, Greeting. HAving so rich a Gift bestowed on me from your habitable parts and quarters of our City, as my second Self; I cannot, but in remembrance thereof, and as a return of Thankfulness; first to God, then in perpetual memory of your Favours, Dedicate these few unpolished Lines (in the next place to you) and Subscribe my self your Devoted Servant, Randle Holme

CHAP. VIII.

1. THE next thing in order to be treated off, is the File, which by Gwilliams, fol. 35. is termed a modern difference for Coats of Fa­milies that are descended off and from the same Persons or Houses; yet I have seen them born for distinct Coats themselves, therefore rank them among the Ordinaries.

The File or Labell.

WHAT these Files are, it cannot be certainly avouched, for I find diverse Judgments therein, Leigh, pag. 107. and Vpton calls them Points, such as Men in old time fastned their Garments withal. Budae­us affirms them to be Tongues. Alciatus names them Plaitez or Plaits of Garments. Bartolus calls them Candles. Some others call them Files, and Lam­beaux or Labells, Taggs that hang at Deeds and Wri­tings to which Seals are fixed.

Of the diverse manner of bearing them, these few examples following will give light.

I. He beareth Argent, a File, or Fillett, Gules. The File is ever placed in the lower part of the Chief, or thereabouts; if it be set any where else, it is called by another name according to the diminutions of the Or­dinaries beforesaid, but when it stands in this place, it is (as I may say) in its own Sphere.

In these first rank of squares, for want of other room are several bearings placed, which take as followeth. Sable, a Cross couped on the top and flurt O. Some term it a Cross, the top flurty. Born by the name of Vanvaile. This Cross should have had his place in chap. 5. after numb. 106.

II. He beareth Or, a File couped, Azure. A Cross couped (or a plain Cross) fitched, or fitched on all four, pierced Losengeways, Gules. See numb. 116. The Fitching of this Cross is not from the outsides, for then it would be a Cross Urd [...], as cap. 5. numb. 80. but proceeds from the middle of the ends, as numb. 35.36. This is born by Crosslate.

III. He beareth Argent, a File with one Label, Vert. The Labells, Lambeaux or Points, call them which you please, they are usually born in Coats even and odd to the number of Nine. Some term this a Label with one point; but Leigh, pag. 107. doth dissent from such a term, holding it better to be called a File of so many [Page 79]

[figure]

[Page 80] points or Lambeaux, then a Labell of so many points. This form of Bearing is found (saith Gwilliams, fol. 36.) in the Chappel at the Castle of C [...]mphire in Zealand.

The Cross in this quarter is thus Blazoned, Gules, a Cross Tau with the end convexed, mounted upon three Grieces or Steps Argent. By the name of Glochen. This place in chap. 5. after numb. 47.

IV. He beareth Or, a File of two points, Gules, each Fiurt in the foot, Sable. This is born by the name of Twybeck. And the Cross is termed, a Cross dou­ble triparted: of which see more, chap. 5. numb. 89. after which this should have followed.

V. He beareth Argent, a File of three Labels Azure. If the Field be Mettle, the File is a colour made according to the Heraulds pleasure, if a difference: and so on the contrary, if the Field be a Colour, the File is Mettle. This is a difference of an eldest Son, while the Father is living.

The Cross in this quarter is thus Blazoned, Argent, a Cro [...]s, at each end an Horse-shoo, Sable. Born by the name of Eschenpach. Some term it a Cross ferrated, from Ferraeus, as being shod with Iron, as H [...]rses are.

O the like S is born by Truchses van Kulenthall.

B the like O on a Chief of the same, a Staggs-Horn Fesse-wise S. is the Town of Kirchens Coat.

VI. He beareth Or, a File of four Lambeaux, Gules: To which I have added this Blazon, being the Coat of a very worthy Gentleman without the File, viz. Argent, a Fesse Barry of ten Or and Azure, a Lion issuant Sable. By the name of Vanbrough. If the Fesse thus divided, had the Field seen through it, then it is to be termed a Fesse cinque parted, or parted into five. See more of this parting, chap. 5. numb. 82. to 89.

VII. He beareth Argent, a File of five points, Sa­ble. This is the difference of the Heir whilst his Grand-Father is alive: The other Charge is 4 Cressants fretted. See lib. 2. cap. 1. numb. 62.

A such a File B is the entire Coat of Henlington.

VIII. He beareth Gules, a File couped of three points Argents. This kind of File Heralds usually make in the chief part of a Coat, for the difference of an Heir, the Father being living; when it cannot otherwise con­veniently be drawn through the whole Chief, as the 4, 5, and 6, examples. So that in the Blazoning, it is in your choise, whether you will term it a File couped or not: But it is more generally Blazoned (as it stands for the difference aforesaid) a Label, not a File, neither the points numbered if they be but three.

The second example of a File couped, is one of five points, which is thus made; if it so fall out that it can­not occupy or run through the whole Chief; and as I told you before, stands for a difference for the Heir ap­parent whilst his Grandfather is alive: Yet it is somtimes born in Coats, as per Fesse A and B the like G. Born by Thalheim.

The third example of a File couped, is one of seven points, which is thus made; and is the difference for an Heir while his Great Grandfather is sing; all which needs no other Blazoning, but to say; with the difference of the first House, the Father, Grand-father, or great Grand-father living. A File of nine points is, when the great Grand-fathers Father is alive, and higher than that there is not any.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Lambeaux issuing out of Chief, Azure. Such a Label as this, between two Beazants in an Azure Field, is very ancient in a Glass Window in Rayneford Chappel in the County of

A two Barrs, and two such Labels issuing V. is born by Hamerstein.

Parted per Cheveron Enarchee S and A a Label in chief Er. Is born by Tenberg.

S a Bar rampee and couped, conjoined to a Barru­lett Argent. The like Lambeaux O. Born by Van Hay­den. See numb. 111.

X. He beareth Or, a File couped with two points, Azure. This belongs to the Coat of Kunigsperg, with some other charges: Also with a Cheveron is (by Gwilli­ams said to be the Seal of Iohn ap Howel of Monmouth, that lived about the 32 E. 3.

The second charge set down in this quarter which should have been in chap. 6. after numb. 68. but wanting room, take its Blazon here, (viz. Gules, a Frett Argent, the joints and corners debruced with Beazants. This is also termed 9 Beazants in Losenge upon the Frett. This is born by Hoolen.

XI. He beareth Argent, a File of three Lambeaux issuing out of Chief, Azure. Honorius saith, That one of these Labells betokeneth the Father, the other the Mother, and the middlemost signifieth the party him­self that beareth this Coat. The French Blazon this a File movant du chief.

XII. He beareth Sable, a File of three points in Fesse, Or.

☞ Be careful to express how many Points each File hath, if it be more or less than three. This is an abso­lute Coat, by the name of Fixall.

G a Bend A in Fesse a File of three points couped B. By the name of Blewmen or Blumenaw.

XIII. He beareth Argent, a File of three Labels in Bend, Sable. This is born by the name of Morien, an Alien Born, and Buried in St. Maries Church in Oxford.

A the like B. Born by Groithus.

XIV. He beareth Gules, a File of five points in Bend Sinister, Ermyne. In the drawing of this and the foregoing File, I have followed the Patterns from whence I took them; the points of the first hanging Per­pendicular or streight down, the other more slopeways, answerable to the File, as if it stood in its right place and proper posture; yet the File being thus in Bend, I hold it best drawn when the Labels are pendant. Four Labels at a File thus set in Bend Sinister, is the Coat of Curly of Warwick shire. 20 H. 3.

XV. He beareth Argent, two Files, the first dou­ble, the other with a single Label, Gules. Some term it, two files pointed, two and one. By the name of Spinke.

XVI. He beareth Azure, three Files, the first with five, the second with four, and the last triple point­ed, Argent, others three Files, with five, four, and [Page 81] three points, always naming the higher first.

☞ And here it is to be noted also, that if there be but one File in an Escochion when it stands in the Chief, you need not to name the place, but if it stand any where else, you must name the manner of its standing, as in numb. 12, 13, 14, &c. Also if there be more than one File in the Field, you need not to say Barwise, or one above another, for they must of necessity stand so; yet if they be otherwise, then you are to mention the manner of their being; as, three Files in Bend, &c. The aforesaid Blazon is a Dutch Coat, born by the name of Liskirke.

Now by these few examples, it serves to confirm us, that Files are not only born for differences, but also for Charges in Coat Armour.

A 2 Files of 5 point B. Born by Vanderlippe.

XVII. He beareth Or, a File, Gules, with three Bells pendant, Azure, Clappers, Sable. By the name of Belfile. Some have Blazoned this, a file of three campanes, or points campaned, a term borrowed from Campana a Bell; as much as to say, the Labels made into Bells.

XVIII. He beareth Amethyst, a file of three points crossed, Pearl. The File is never charged with any thing, but the Lambeaux or points are both charged and form­ed into several shapes, according to the ends of Crosses, as Flory, Moline, and the like.

A a File crossed G. each charged with a Beazant be­tween 4 Escallops A. Born by Northscalpe.

G a File of three points Molyn Or. By Milfile.

XIX. He beareth Argent, a file in fesse of two points, Gules, each charged with a Canton sinister, Or. Files are often thus born in Fesse between things, as Fearnhead beareth A a File in Fesse between three Fearn leaves, V.

☞ Note, that as the Bordures before mentioned, so also the Files are often charged with things as well quick as dead, whereof I will give some examples.

XX. He beareth Or, a File with one Lambeaux, Azure, charged in the foot with a Canton Sinister, Argent, sometime the Canton is placed on the Dexter side, then you need not to name the place, as I have for­merly shewed in the Rules for Blazoning of Cantons, chap. 3. numb. 115, 116. such a File with three Lambeaux Ar­gent, with the Cantons on the Dexter side Gules, was born by Lionell Plantagenett, third Son to King Edward the 3d. The like Ermyne and Canton Gules, by Tho [...]as Duke of Clarence, second Son to King Henry the Fourth.

XXI. He beareth Luna, a File of three Lambeaux, Jupiter, each charged with as many Bares, Sol. Else this is of some termed Gobony, Or and Azure. Born by the name of Iohn Nevil, Marquess of Montacue, Duke of Bedford. Such is the Dignity of the File (saith Gwilli­ams, fol. 36.) that Heralds have caused them to be laid aside, as to their bearing by private Gentlemen, because of their Dignity; for the Sons of Kings and Emperours cannot bear a difference of higher esteem.

XXII. He beareth Sol, a File of two Labels, Jupi­ter, each charged with three flowers de lis, Luna. The Charges are ever on the Points, not the File. Such a File with three Lambeaux thus charged, did Henry Duke of Lancaster bear (over the Arms of England.) [...]ork Blazons it a File of 3 points charged with 9 flower de luces.

XXIII. He beareth Mars, a File of three points parted per Pale, Jupiter and Luna: on the first six Beasants, and on the second as many Mulletts, Saturn. Such a kind of File charged with six Castles, and as many Lionceaux or Lioncells rampant was born by Adward Plantaginett, Son and Heir to Edmund Langley Duke of York.

XXIV. He beareth Argent, a File, having three Taggs pendant (or double Labels) Azure. These represent the Labels of Charters and Deeds to which the Seals are fixed, which by all Scriveners and Clerks are termed Taggs of Labells.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a File with two Pome­granates pendant, Gules, enwrapped with a Wye [...] of Gold (or a Rubin Or) which you please to term it. After this manner you will find several Coats havi [...]g Flowers, Leaves and the like pendant to the File in place of the Label, which Blazon after this example.

Ordinaries one upon another.

2. FROM the Honourable Ordinaries of their di­verse kinds together, with their divisions and sub­divisions, with their several terms according to the di­versity of Lines, by which they were composed; we shall proceed now to shew you their diverse manner of bear­ing one with another, commixt; that is to say, how one Ordinary is born upon another, one Ordinary between another, one beside another, and several born together in one Coat; and then in the last place, how Ordinaries Frett and Pierce one another, and diminish or lessen them­selves; of all which this Engraven Plate will give you divers examples, by which the Learner may know how to understand and conceive of others when they are pre­sented to his view.

XXVI. He beareth Azure, a Pale, Argent, sur­mounted of a Cheveron, Purpure, a Bordure of the second. Some will not use the word surmount, for seeing these Ordinaries lie one upon the other (they say) that the naming of them one after another as they ly, be­ginning with that next the Field, will be a sufficient and good Blazon; as Azure, a Pale Argent, a Cheveron Purpure, a Bordure of the second. This is born by the name of Lingart.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a Pile, Azure, a Cheve­ron, Gules, and a Bordure engraled, Sable. Some, and not unfitly, term it, a Pile debrused with a Che­veron.

Debrusing in Armory, is when one thing is upon ano­ther. This is born by the name of Paw [...]n

S Pile A Cheveron G. By the name of Di [...]on.

XXVIII. He beareth Azure, a Bend and a Border envecked, party per Pale, Or and Gules counterchan­ged. [Page 82] Otherwise a Bend party per pale, Or and Gules, a Bordure counterchanged. By the name of Cook.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, two Barrs, Azure, a Pale, Gules, a Bordure Indented, Vert. By the name of Coe.

G 2 Pales A a Fesse O Born by Ampringen.

XXX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Engraled, Gules, surmounted of a Bend Sinister Azure. By the name of Tranmol of Tranmol. Quartered by Holme of Chester, Author of this Work.

XXXI. He beareth Azure, a Salter Argent, over all a Cross of the second, surmonnted of another, Gules. This is the Union of the Crosses of England and Scotland, which upon King Iames the First and Sixth Reign, were joined together, and made Great Britains Ensign. A like to this is Gules, a Salter Or, surmount­ed of a Cross ingrailed Ermin. Born by the name of Prince, of Abby Foliat in Shrewsbury.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, two Flasques, Gules, over all a Fesse, Azure, surmounted of a Pile of the second. By the name of Rowlinson.

XXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse, Gules, charged with three Pale Or; on a Chief Engraled, Sable, a Cross of the third; that is of the same Colour or Mettle which was thirdly named in the Coat, which (if you take notice of it) was Or. Born by the name of Wrighting. Also S a Fesse A with three Pales upon it G is born by Dudink.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, two Pale, Gules, a Cheveron Vert, a Chief Azure, and a Canton Or. By the name of Ho [...]son-Smith.

XXXV. He beareth Or, two Barrs Engraled A­zure, on a Chief Ermine, three Pales Gules; over all an Escochion Argent, a Cross Gules. By the name of Holl [...]npriest.

Ordinaries between one another.

3. FROM Ordinaries one upon another, I shall in the next place, give some examples of them be­tween one the other, representing (as it were) both Ordi­naries and Charges.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Azure, between a Pale and a Cheveron, Gules. If there had been no Cheveron in Base, then this Coat would have been Bla­zoned a Fesse and Pale in Chief, to shew that it exceeded not the limits of the Fesse point. Born by the name of Corker.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a Salter between two Flasques, Azure, a Chief Gules. By the name of Mores.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, two Barrs, Azure, between a Cross of England and a Cheveron. By na­ming the English Cross, which is always Gules, I mention not the colour of the Cheveron, which is understood to be of the same. By the name of Gibben.

XXXIX. He beareth Or, a Bend Sinister, Gules, between two Cantons, Azure. By the name of Tip­pingsell.

XL. He beareth Or, a Fesse Azure, between four Piles waved, Gules. Some term them, (in Point in Fesse and Base.) Others multiplying words, Blazon it thus, a Fesse between two Piles, issuing out of the Chief in point, and as many out of the Fesse in point to the Base. By the name of Otewell.

XLI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse between three Piles and a Frett, Azure. By the name of Golden.

XLII. He beareth Or, a Cheveron Vert, between a Chief and an Escochion, Azure. Yet this may be better Blazoned, as a Cheveron Vert, an Escochion in Base, and a Chief Azure. By the name of Hardy.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, two Barrs Sable, over all (or debrused with) an Escochion Azure, charged with a Plate and a Bordure Or. Else say, an Esco­chion Or, surmounted of another, Azure, charged with a Plate. Born by the name of Hardymett.

XLIV. He beareth Gules, a Salter Engraled Argent, debrused with a Fesse Or, in Chief an Escochion of the third. Born by Leather.

These two last examples should have come in after numb. 34, and 35, and those to have been in these places.

Ordinaries beside one another.

4. AS these Ordinaries are born in Coats one upon the other, and between one the other, so they are also in Arms set by the sides one of another, a devise much used in Dutch and German Coats, but very rarely used by us in England; some examples follow.

XLV. He beareth Argent, two Barrs and a Can­ton Sinister, Azure. When they are of one colour, they are ever thus fixed without any division, the like you may see in the Fesse and Pale. This is of some Bla­zoned two Barrs Cantoned, thereby shewing that the higher hath a Canton joined to it. See chap. 3. numb. 8. This is born by the name of Gatliffe.

G the like A born by Deane.

A the like with 3 Barrs G born by Fuller.

XLVI. He beareth party per Bend Sinister, Or and Argent, a Bendlet, Gules, and on the same side two Barrs Azure. Some will Blazon it, in base two Barrs. Born by Ridgway.

Party per Bend B and Ar: a Bend Gules, and two Barrs of the first. By the name of Bendbarge.

Here you need not mention the place of the Barrs, by reason they are a colour, therefore cannot be set upon a colour.

[Page 83]XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Salter Azure, a Chief Crenelel Gules, Charged with a Pile Or. Born by the name of Granger.

A a Salter and Chiefe G Born by Bruse.

XLVIII. He beareth Or, a Canton, Squire sinister, and a Barrulett, Azure: By the name of Kenardy.

XLIX. He beareth party per Pale, Argent and Vert, six Cheverons Counterchanged, three and three. Some per Pale A and V Three Cheverons of the second, and as many of the first. By the name of Gorlitz.

L. He beareth Quarterly indented per Fesse, Or and Gules, two Cheverons Azure, & as many Barrs Argent. By the name of Grantham. This seems to be a quatered Coat and so might have been Blazoned, but for the Indenting in Fesse. Some begin it thus party per Pale, and per Fesse indented, &c. Here I name not the quarters in which the Cheverons, or Barrs are, by rea­son they are not to be set, mettle on mettle, or Colour up­on Colour: Besides in nameing the Cheverons first, shews them to be placed in the first and last quarter, and the Barrs in the second and third, being as it were in oppositi­on or contrary one to the other. By this you see, how to Blazon the charges, on all quartered Coats.

LI. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron, and a Pile in Chiefe, Or. This is Born by the name of Strettell. Some omitt the term in Chiefe, because if it were a full Pile it would have lyen on the Cheveron, or the Cheveron on it; so then the word (Debrused, or over all, or sur­mounted) would have been used to one of them as numb. 26 27 32. Yet others use not these terms of Debrusing &c. As is there shewed; therefore to mention the Pile, to be in Chiefe, is very necessary: as numb. 34.

LII. He beareth parted per Cheveron Argent, and and Azure; two Cheverons Or, a Chiefe Ingraled of the second. By the name of Coppock.

LIII. He beareth Or, a Bend, a Canton, and a Che­veron, Gules. By the name of Yarwood.

LIV. He beareth Gules, and party per Fesse Ben­dy, of six Argent, and Azure, a Fesse and Canton, Or, By the name of Hanson.

LV. He beareth party per Cheveron, Argent and Purpure, two Cheverons in the Dexter, and Sinister parts; and a Salter in Base, Counterchanged. This is born by the name of Fasslehurst. Some say two Cheverons and a Salter, Counterchanged; But this shewes not the right standing of them, these being be­sides one another, when as usually they are born one over the other. These being more fitly termed two Cheve­rons coupled or paired.

LVI. He beareth party per Fesse, Pally of six, Ar­gent & Gules & Azure, a Fesse of the second, & a Che­veron, Or. Or else Blazon it thus, Pally of six A and G parted per Fesse, B &c. Others thus, He beareth per Fesse Argent & Azure, a Fesse and the Chiefe Pal­ly of six Gules, and in Base a Cheveron, Or. Born by the name of Stubbs.

LVII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron and two Pales in Base, Gules, a Chief Azure, two Piles Sa­ble. Others Blazon it a Cheveron between two Piles and two Pales G a Chiefe Azure. Born by the name of Symcocks.

LVIII. He beareth Argent, Frett in a Fesse, Sable be­tween two Barrs, in Chiefe a Pale and in Base a Pile Azure. Born by the name of Hawkeston. Others say between two Barrs, the one Paled, and the o­ther Piled: that is there is a Pale and pile fixed into them. As in the example of the Barr and Canton numb. 45.

LIX. He beareth party per Fesse, Or and per Che­veron Gules; two Pales, Argent, a point of the first. Else thus, Party per Fesse, Or and Gules; over all two Pales Argent: in Chiefe party per Cheveron, and a point Counterchanged of the Feild. Or thus Party per Che­veron in Chiefe, and per Fesse, with a point, Gules and Or, in the middle part two Pales Argent. Born by Strettall.

LX. He beareth quarterly Gules and Ermine, two Pales Counterchanged. Here the Graver was mis­taken, in cutting two Pales instead of four, which would have had an odd one to have been Counterchanged in the middle of it, as in the next example. These quarterly's per Pale might better be Blazoned (if they fall to be even divis [...]ons) Pally of 6 8 10 12 per Fesse Counterchang­ed, then to say quarterly, so many Pales. By the name of Parlor.

Ordinaries Commixt.

5. I Shall now give you some few examples of mixed Or­dinaries, that is to say, two or three or more of them in one Coat Armour, by which the Ingenious may know how to Blazon, or Judge of other such like Coats.

LXI. He beareth Quarterly Ermine, and Or, three Pallets Gules, a Bordure Azure, on a Canton Argent a Crosse Sable, and a Chiefe Gules. This is Born by the name of Hobson.

☞ The naming of Gules twice, in this Blasoning is not any absurdity, by reason what is born on a Canton, or on an Escochion of Pretence, are supposed to be adi­tionall Coats, and therefore will admit of their own terms, as if the other were not mentioned. Others on the con­trary argue, that seeing they are now made one entire Coat, it is not good to mention the colours, or mettle twice, From thence then we may conclude, that till these agree, it is left to the Artists will, and pleasure, whether they be twice named or not.

LXII. He beareth Pally of six, Gules and Argent, on a Cheveron Or, two Barrs Gemele, a Border Sa­ble, and a Chiefe quarterly Ermine and Azure. This is born by the name of Hatfeild.

☞ Here by these two examples you may see, that generally the Bordure gives place to the Canton, and Cheife; but to all other Ordinaries it doth not, but go­eth round the Escochion as Gwilliams fol. 389 390 af­firmeth, yet by his good favour, I have found some Coats contrary to his general rule, but we shall take them for [Page 84] Heteroclites, and therefore give such a Blazon by them­selves, as in the three next examples.

LXIII. He bearet Party Per Salter, Or and Gules, on the first and last, two Bends, and on the second and third, as many Pallets, Counterchanged, a Cheife Engraled, Azure, all Surrounded with a Bordure of the same, Argent. The French term the side quarters of the partition by Salter; (the Flankes or Flanches) as thus, Party Per Salter the Chief and Point with two Bends, the flasque, or flankes Dexter, so: and Sinister so and so, as the charges are.

LXIV. He beareth Sable, a Cheife, Azure, Bordur­ed engraled, Or, Surrounded with an other of the same Argent: on an Escochion of Pretence of the second a Cheveron of the third, and a Bordure of the fourh. others Blazon it S an Escochion so and so, a Cheife bordure, ingraled, all Surrounded with an other of the same, (or Surmounted with an other) &c. Born by the name of Crocket.

LXV. He beareth Quarterly Pally of four, Or, and Gules; and Argent, two Cheverons, Azure: a Cheife of the second filletted of the fourth, a Bordure Vert. Born by the name of Howe. Else blazon it according to numb. 63. or thus Quarterly, the first and last Pally of four Or, and Gules. The second and third Argent, a Cheveron Azure. Here you see the difference of a Bor­dure surmounting, and the Bordure that gives place to the Chief, which you must be sure to take notice off in the Blazon [...]ng.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Azure, a Pale Or, and three Bends Vert: eath joyning to the other. This is born by the name of Kev. Some Blazon this, Triparted per Pale, Argent, a Cheveron Azure the second Or, and the third of the first, three Bends Vert. But the most properest way, is a Pale, between a Cheveron, and three Bends.

LXVII. He beareth Or, a Cheveon Gules betwen two Crosses, and a Salter Sable, a Cheife Azure. By rhe name of Redland.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Gules, between two Crosses quarterly peirced Sable. Fern pag. 181. doth Blazon it, on a Pallet Sable, a Fesse Gules, and two Barulets of the second quarterly Peirced, of the Feild. By the name of Kells.

LXIX. He beareth Barry of four Gules and Argent, a Cheife parted per Pale, Azure, and Or, over all a Bend Sable. By the name of Iacks [...]n.

LXX. He beareth Argent, two Barrs and in Cheife as many Pales, Azure, on an Inescochion, Or, two Barrs Sable. Born by Brecke.

LXXI. He beareth Or, two Barrs Azure, on a Chief Argent, two Ogresses between as many Squires: on an Escochion of pretence Argent, a Pale Gules. Born by Musket.

LXXII. Ae beareth Pally of four Sable Argent, two Barrs, and a Point Gules. Born by the name of Wats or Wyatts.

Ordinaries more Intricately Commixed.

6. THERE are likewise Commixt Coats, which are more hard and difficult to be found out by their ordinaries, I shall shew you some few examples.

LXXIII. He beareth Pally of six Argent, and Gules, a Cheife Vert, a Barrulett Azure, and a point of the third. This is born by the name of Lowehart. Fern pag. 177. terms the Pally to be Fretted with a Barrulett in Fesse, a Cheife and Baste. And so he doth of all other Ordinaries, which ly over one another: For which Gwilliams useth the word Surmount, or (all over,) or Debrused, which are more fitting expressions.

LXXIV. He beareth Barry of six, Ermine, & Gules, and per Pale, Azure, a Cheife Engraled of the third and a point Indented Argent. Born by the name of Actonley. Some say Barry of six per Pale Er. and G and B &c. This sheweth that the first Partition is Er and Gules, per Pale, and the second to be wholly Azure having no Counterchanging at all; but continned in the same to the last.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, two Barrs, Sable, a Bend Counterchanged, between three Cinquefoiles (two in Cheife, and one in Base) Gules: on a Chiefe Or, three Pales, between two Squiers Azure. Born by the name of Mortmaine.

LXXVI. He beareth party per fesse, and per Pale in Cheite, Sable and Argent and Or, a fesse Gules be­tween three Bends, and as many Sinister Counter­changed, and frettee Azure. Some Blazon this, tri­parted in Pale and fesse, Sable Argent and Or, a fesse between three Bends, of the second, and as many Sini­ster, of the first, and frettee in Base Azure. Others do Blazon it triparted in Pale and fesse. S A and O In the first three Bends A In the second three Bends Si­nister S in the last, Erettee B over all a Fesse of the se­cond.

LXXVII. He beareth Barry of six parted per Pale Counterchanged, Or and Azure, a Cheife pal­ly of four, party per fesse, transmuted Argent and Gules, between two Cautons gyrony of eight Vert and Or: An Inescochion of the third. The French Blazon is thus. He beareth Azure and Or: One fesse of six party au Pee: a Cheife pallee Counter pallee, fesse Counter fessee, and two Cantons Girons of the same, over all a Shield Argent. This is born by the name of Marsh. the same with the Cheife Pally of four, is born by the name of Pressignie. Ferne pag. 202 the same with three Pales on the Cheife and two Squires Bast Dexter and Sinister, born by Mortymer Earl of Marsh.

LXXVIII. He beareth Argent, two Barrs Gules; on a Cheife Azure, two Gyrons Or, a point (in Base) of the third, charged with a Cross of the fourth, on an Escochion of pretence, Argent; a Canton, Bend, And Cheveron Sable. Born by the name of Dragwell. [Page 85] The Escochion of pretence being an Heiritrix and having Children, her Husband thus assumes the bearing of her Coat, which is by the name of Yarley.

LXXIX. He beareth Or, on a fesse Gules a Salter Argent; three Piles in Cheife, and as many Pal­lets in Base Azure. By the name of Armstrong. Some will say on a Fesse, a Salter, between three Piles and as many Pallets &c. Other say triparted per fesse, the first, Or, three piles Azure: The second Gules, a Salter Argent, the last, of the first, three Pales of the second.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, on a Fesse, Vert: a Barr Or, charged with three Cheverons couched, Gules, between a Cross and a Salter of the fourth. By the name of Northsander.

LXXXI. He beareth party per Fesse, Gyrony in Cheif, Argent, and Gules; and Quarterly in Base, Or. and Azure; a Barrulett between a Crosse and a Salter, Vert: an Escochion of pretence, of the first. Or else more breifly thus, per Fesse Gyrony, and quar­terly &c. A Barrulett between a Cross and Salter &c. by the name of Trollocken.

LXXXII. He beareth Chequie of nyne, the first Ar­gent a Bend Gules; the second Gyrony Or, and of the second, each contrary Composed to the other. This is born by the name of Maslinberg. Others do term this a Cross parted, each Gyronny Or and Gules, five Bends &c. As chap. 5 numb. 13 and chap 7 numb. 107.

LXXXIII. He beareth Gyrony, Argent, and Gules, a Cross Quarterly quartered Azure▪ and Or, on a Cheife of the first, a Pale between two Squires of the third, charged with a Crose of the fourth. By the name of Houghtinworth.

LXXXIV. He beareth Gyrony Or and Gules, a Salter between four Escochions, Counterchanged. By the name of fflowerstonly.

LXXXV. He beareth triparted per Fesse, the first divided into three per pale, the first per Salter, Argent, and Gules, the second, Azure, three Cheverons, Or: and the last of the first, a Cross of the Second: the Fesse part Purpure: and the Base part, Or, three Bends Sinister Gules, with a Bordure Argent. This may be thus Blazoned, party per Fesse B and O in Chiefe, three Cheverons of the first, beween two Cantons, the first A a Cross G the other pary per Salter of the same: in Base three Bends Sinister Gules invi­roned with a Bordure of the third; over all a Fesse Purpure.

LXXXVI. He beareth party per pale, two Bor­dure Gules and Argent, the first invironing a Field pally of foure parted per Fesse of the second and A­zure, and Or, a Fesse and a shapournett shapoured (or shapournetted or headed) of the third: The se­cond Imbordureing Gyronny of the second and fourth a Cheife of the third. Some will Blazon this as two di­stinct Coates, and so begin with the Feilds and Charges first before they mention the Bordures. But I take them to be one intire Coat, for after this way, I have seen Bordures born by paires, by division per Bend, per quarter, per Fesse, with, and without Charges in the Feilds as examples after will demonstrate. numb. 111 112 113 chap. 9 numb. 91. This is born by the name of Van Bottfeldt.

Party per Pale G. and A diapered, two Bordures Counterchanged is the Coat belonging to the Bishoprick of Augs [...]urg in Germanie.

Ordinaries Pearceing and Fretting others.

7. THE Ordinaries though in themselves Honoura­ble, yet by their varience, and striveing one with another, they are made less noble, and that is by reason of that war which is between themselves, wherein some are pierced, others Fretted, others diminished, and several cut off by the halfes, of which take these few examples for ma­ny

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a tressell in Fesse supported with two Stayes issuing out of Base in form of a Cheveron Gules, pierced with an Oake-tree Eradicated (or moot [...]ed up by the roote) Vert. This is born by the name of Portman.

A a Fesse G proceeding from the middle of it, an Oake tree proper. by the name of Sklun [...]ell.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Dart in Fesse or, pierceing of an in Escochion Gules: The Feathers and head proper. Born by the name of [...]eir [...]songes ▪ Or thus, a Sheild Gules, pierced with an Arrow Fesse-wise, or, Feathered Argent, headed Sable.

LXXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Pile Gules, De­brused with a Salter Vert, pierced with a Barrulett, Azure. This is born by name of Don Pile Andrew de Pickee.

☞ Note that pierceings of this nature are ever un­derstood to be in the middle of the ordinary pierced, if o­therwise then to be named how in what place the pierce­ing is.

XC. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Azure, pierc­ed with a Bendlett Sinister Gules. The Bendlett by reason of the Cheverons lying upon the lower part of it hath but very little of it disearned. Others terem it a bend Perforated through a Cheveron. This is born by the nome of Mi [...]le [...]urst.

O the like Bend Er. and Cheveron G Born by the name of Hadstock.

XCI. He beareth Gules, a Fess Or, pierced with a pile Argent. Also Blazoned, a Pile perforated through a Fesse. This is Born by the name of Nangrave.

XCII. He beareth Or, a Fess Gules, pierced with a Pale, Azure. This is born by the name of Twixt [...]e. In these two examples you may see a diverse way of piercing; the first proceeding with the entrance from above the or­dinary: And this haveing its pierceing proceeding from the lower part of the ordinary: and yet both termed pierced, now in such a case as this, how shall the Tricker draw the Coate true, but may easily mistake one way for another?

[Page 86]☞ To this I must say, that generally pierceings are from above, and that the peircer (or ordinary peirceing) doth Debruse, or ly upon the ordinary peirced, upon the higher side of it: But this being contrary, for its distincti­on may have an additionall expression to it, to shew that the debruseing is on the lower part of the ordinary as thus: a Fesse peirced with a Pale, and debrused in the lower (or contrary) side.

XCIII. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron Gules, peirc­ed with a Barrulett, Debrused on the Sinister side, Azure. This is born by the name of Longshall or Lonhall. If the Barrulett had lain upon the Cheveron on the right side, then you had needed no such term, as De­brused, for all such kind of ordinaries, as are pierced Fesse wayes, are so to be.

XCIV. He beareth Or, two Pales Azure, Pierced with a Bendlett, Gules. Born by the name of Dennysgate. Ordinaries pierced bendways, are ever debrused to the Sinister side, the top part we suppose cannot be seen being higher then sight: except in Fesse, Barrs, Cheverons, and Crosses.

XCV. He beareth Argent, a Pale Gules; pierced with a Barrulett, debrused on the contrary side. This is born by the name of Formjoynter.

XCVI. He beareth party per Fesse, with three In­dented, Argent and Azure, Fretted with a Fesse Or. Ferne pag. 199 terms this Emanuchee. A and B Fret­ed &c. By the name of Gilbdy.

XCVII. He beareth Or, a Cheveron Vert, Fretted with a Barrulett, Argent. This is Born by the name of Okell. Some, will say, debrused and Fretted, nameing that first which proceeds from the dexter.

XCVII. He beareth Argent, three Pylletts, Sable, Fretted with a Barrulett, Azure. Born by the name of Introboth or Antroboch.

XCIX. He beareth Argent, an Orle, Sable, Fretted with a Palett and a Barrulett Gules, pierc [...]ng a Cheife, Vert. This is Born by the name of Trugg [...]moch.

Ordinaries diminishing one another.

8. COATS casually abated, or cut off by the halfes, or by other accidentall courses or causes, are ecclipsed and diminished; those Coates, that have the ordinaries diminished, or cut off by the halfe, are when they be joyned either with themselves, or with other char­ges, as the examples following will manifest.

C. He beareth Or, a Demy Bordure Purpure, and a Salter Azure. Born by the name of Boldersalt. Some term this a Bordure determined in Fesse, (or proceeding to the Fesse part) and a Salter in Base.

CI. He beareth Argent, a Bend sinister couped at the top; between a Pellet & a Mullett, Sable, in Cheife four Piles Azure. Some term these demy Bends, and Piles. This is Born by the name of Holslych

CII. He beareth Sable, a Bordure Or, a Chiefe Ar­gent and a Canton Gules.

☞ In this Coat note two things: In your Blazon name that first which lyeth next the Feild, and the rest in their order, as they are near or farthest off. Then ob­serve that the Bordure gives place to the Cheife, and the Cheife to the Canton: which generally they do, except some few examples as numb. 63 64 65. This is Born by the name of Brecking. But the Bordure doth general­ly give place to the Chiefe Quarter, and Canton.

CIII. He beareth Baron, and Femme; the first Argent, an Orle, between eight Martletts Sable. the second Or, a Bordure Gules this is the old way of impaleing coats belonging to husband and wife; cutting their two coates through the middle, and with two halfes, makeing one entire Escochion; which nevertheless in their Blazonings are to be termed, as if they were the whole Coats, without any diminishing at all. The first is Born by Leftwich. And the second, Tertonbergh.

☞ Yet this observe in the impaleing of Coats with Bordures, that that side of the Bordure (whether in the man or womans Coate) next to the impale, is ever exem­pted and taken away after this example: But if the Bor­dure belonging to a Coate Armour, if the Coate be Born sole and entire of it self, then shall the Bordure Inviron the Coate round, no part shall be diminished. Also if a Bor­dured Coate, be to be Marshalled or Quartered, among Coates quarterly, then shall no part of the Bordure be omitted, but it shall surround the quarter (except it be ho­noured with a Chief, Quarter, or Canton, as aforesaid) e­ven as if it were born alone of it selfe.

CIV. He beareth Baron Femme; the first Or, a Cross Patee Gules: the second Gules a Cross Argent. Here I name a colour twice, because they are two distinct Coates being (as I said in the last) husband and wife conjoyned in one; But if it were an absolute Coate of it self, then Blazon it, and the like thus: per Pale Or and Gules, a demy Cross patee Gules; and a demy Cross Or, conjoyned. The first by the name of Wardly: the se­cond by the name of Pinchester.

CV. He beareth party per Pale, Gules and Azure: on the first three Lions passant gardant in Pale issuant, Or; and on the second a Garbe, and a demy one Con­joyned, of the third. This is the Armes of the City of Chester, being the gift of King Henry the seventh, when he made it a County of it self, distinct from the County: which may breifly be thus Blazoned, Half the Armes of England, and Chester, conjoyned.

B an halfe Eagle conjoyned per Pale A to G 2 Bends B by the name of Hertingshausen.

CVI. He beareth party per Pale, Sable, and Ar­gent; a Tullippa (or Lilly) Sliped, and a demy one Or, conjoyned to the half of an Eagle displayed, Gules. The like to this is Born by the Town of Kaufbeurn in Germany; the Eagle on the dexter side &c.

Per Pale O and Bendy of 6 A and G and half of an Eagle conjoyned to the Sinister side Sable. This is the Armes of the Town of Nurnberg.

G an half Eagle, and half a wheele conjoyned A the Armes of the Town of Ratibar.

[Page 87]CVII. He beareth Baron and Femme: the first Argent, an Hurt, and a Labell of three Points Gules. The second Or, a Cross Flort conjoyned in the middle Azure. This in the first division is Born by B [...]skerwich. And the second is Born by the name of Broklach.

Baron & Femme, the first O and Eagle with two heads S the second V a Fesse O Conjoyned in the middle by the name of Frymanner uf Hohen Randeck, in Bavaria.

CVIII. He beareth Gules, six Beasants, a Can­ton, Argent. Here I Blazon the full number of Beasants, although the Canton (or a quarter) doth cover one, & a part of two more. So that as I shewed before numb. 34 61 102 all ordinaries, & charges whatsoever, give place to them, yet what they cover is not to be diminished in the Blazoning. This is Born by the name of Zouch or Souch.

CIX. He beareth Quarterly (or four Coats Quar­terly) the first Argent, a Salter Gules. The second Argent, a Fesse Gules, between three Pellets (or Bullets) the third Or, an Eagle displayed, Sable▪ the fourth Gules a Lion Rampant Or. Over all an Escochion of pre­tence, Argent; charged with a Mullet Sable. Here a­gain you may see that an Escochion of pretence, will di­minish, and hide all or part of the charges in Feilds, where it is set; yet in Blazoning the whole is to be mentioned.

CX. He beareth party per Fesse, the Chief part di­vided by the same, Indented, Imbowed, Argent and Azure. The Base of the second, a Pale and two points, Dexter and Sinister, of the first. Born by Don Doblecote.

Per Fesse, the Chief by the same, Urdee in point G & S the Base of the first, a Pile of three points reversed of the second. By the name of Lerch Van Durmstein.

CXI. He beareth two parts per Fesse, the Chief parted by the same Or and Argent, a Tile (or Billet) with two other joyned in the Corners projecting it: & a Border Gules. The Base parted per point Escartellee Grady, (or having two Grices) Azure and the second, a Border of the first: the Tiles, or Billets may be termed, a Fesse Rampee, and cooped. See chap. 4 numb. 84 and chap. 6 numb. 27 and this chap. numb. 9 113.

CXII. He beareth party per Pale, Azure and Argent, a Fesse Counterchanged, each part Bordered of the same. others, per Pales, six Borders counterchanged. Others per Pale, triparted per Fesse, each Bordered. o­thers will have them to be square Mascules. This is born by the name of B [...]rdeaux. Also by the Lan [...]igrave, Leuch­tenberg.

CXIII. He beareth party per Bend Vert and Or, on the first, a Fesse, with one Battlement Imbattelled pierc­ed quarterly (or quarter pierced) a Border Argent: on the second a Squire (or rather a point removed) Gules, Charged, or Surmounted of an other, a Border Sable. Here you see Bordures are composed according to the divi­sion of the Feild. And it is a usuall way, with the Ger­mans, and High Dutch so to bear them.

CXIV. He beareth party per Fesse, Gules and Ar­gent. two Pales couped in Base, conjoyned to an other, all Counterchanged of the Feild. Born by Wilklowe.

Per Fesse G and A the like Caunterchanged, Born by Roher.

CXV. He beareth Azure, a Chief removed (or by others a Fesse in Cheif) and three Pales conjoyned, Argent. Some term it a File of three points fixed, or extending to the Base. Born by Kolben.

G a like Cheif, and Paly of six A By Heylsberg.

CXVI. He beareth parted in four, per Fesse, Argent and Vert. over all a Cross couped, Fitched, in the ends, Counterchanged; charged with an Escochion Or, over all a Salter Gules. See this kind of Cross, more plainly set fourth numb. 2 This is born by Van Hobert hager. The like G and O the Escochion B and Salter A Born by Otingen.

CXVII. He beareth party per Fesse, Argent, and Indented in the same, Azure and Or. In Cheif a Barr Dauncett of two pieces, in the middle of it, on the top a Cross Gules. By the name of Illsunger.

O such a Barr of two pieces, and a mount in Base B By Greifenrot.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross and Salter, Gules, on a Quadrat, or Quaderangle Or, a Cheve­ron charged with a Fesse. See chap. 9 numb. 50.

B the like O on an Escochion B a Bend A born by Bletz Van Rotensdein.

CXIX. He beareth Or, four Cheverons, and a Palett conjoyned Gules. Born by Bouchwits, Per Pale B and G the like O Born by Van Beuchwitz. See chap 9 numb. 95.

TO His Esteemed Friends, and Relations, Henry Lloyd, Thomas Thropp, Mathew Anderton, As also to Hugh Starkey, William Allen, Francis Skellicorne, Nathaniell Williamson, Iohn Witter, Robert Fletcher, Iohn Golborn, Robert Hewet, and Lewis Williams, Gentlemen, and of the Councell: And to every of them in particular, with the rest of the Esquires and Gentlemen, Inhabiters in the Bridg-street in Chester, in general. TO whom the Paines, and Care of this following Chapters, is most willingly offer­ed, and to your Memories Dedicated, by him who is yours, to serve you more then himself. Randle Holme.

CHAP. IX.

1. CURTEOUS Reader, these few additions mentioned in this Chapter, and Engraven on this Plate are to be placed in the right Chap­ters and Sections and numbers as is herein set down.

Chap. 3. Numb. 23.88.

I. He bearth Argent, a Shapournetted Reversed. Azure. (Some term it, a Chiefe Shapourned; and a Shapournett in Chief Reversed; because the place assign­ed for the Shapournett is ever in the Base point of the E­scochion.) In Base three Piles waved Reversed, or Tran­sposed, Gules. The French calls this three Piles Flame­ing. Born by the name of Wychell.

B three Piles Waved Transposed in Bend O Born by Hoser.

O Five Piles in Base Waved and Reversed by Finger­ling.

II. He beareth Sable, a Fesse and three Pales in Base, one joyned to the Sinister side Argent. Coun­ter-flory on the top Or. Others thus, per Fesse Sable, and Paly of six of the same, and Argent: with a Fesse Conjoyned, of the second, Flory on the top Or. See this otherwise Blazoned. chap. 8 numb. 115. This Coate is Born by name of Van-Rein. And is best Blazoned thus, a Cheif removed Flory, on the top, and Pally of six conjoyned.

Chap. 3. Numb. 82.

III. He beareth Or, a Pale Frac [...]ed, (or removed) and overlaid Gules. Others term it a broken Pale conjoyned. Some a Pale Couped in Fesse, Conjunged to the like issuant from Base: or else conjoyned on the Si­nister side to the like issuant &c. By the name of Van Zirn. Also G the like A by Van Ziren.

IV. He beareth Argent, two Pales Fitched on the top, Gules. By the name of Droughda.

B three such Pales A By the name of Enhaut.

V. Vert, a Pale Raguled, and Razed on the top which two leaves Pendant Or. Others Blazon it a Lime or Stock, or Trunke of a Tree, Raggulled fixed in Base, and ragged on the top &c. By the name of Scowen.

[Page 89]

[figure]

[Page 90]A the like proper. Born by Van Stockhausen.

S the like trunked on the top, and irradicated (or mooted up by the root) on each side a Leaf and an Acorn pendant O by the name of Eychler.

Chap. 3. Numb. 91.

VI. He beareth Argent, a Pile Pomettee, Vert. Some term it triple Nowyed; but Nowy never exceed­eth more than one round upon an Ordinary, therefore more fitter to be Blazoned Bottony or Pomettee, as the French do; or Pomelled. This is born by the name of Dunbabbin.

VII. He beareth Or, two Piles Imbowed, Fret­ting each other, Azure. Others say, two Piles issuing out of the Dexter and Sinister corners, Imbowed and Fretted. Born by the name of Van Hoggey.

VIII. He beareth party per Fesse Flamant, or Rasie, Gules and Or. The French term this Gules, three Piles flaming, Or: But it is more properly Blazoned, a Partition per Fesse. Born by the name of de Rot­ter.

IX. He beareth Azure, five Piles couped and con­joined in Fesse, Argent. Some term this a Fesse ha­ving five indents in the bottom; or five Dentels in the neither side. Others make it a partition per Fesse inden­tilley, with a Chief of the second. By the name of Hearthside.

G the like A born by Vom Mistelbach of Bavaria.

Per Fesse Indentilley (or Indented per long, that is long indents) G and A born by Francken.

X. He beareth Gules, two demy Annuletts, fixed to the sides of the Escochion Argent, each charged with three Pellets: There is diverse Judgments passed in the Blazoning of this Coat; some term them, demy Annuletts; others Cheveron Arches couchant. Others Flasques voided; and such as hold that Flasques cannot be void­ed, Blazon them thus, Gules, two Flanches Argent, each charged with three Bullets and a Flasque (or Voider) of the first: Others two Flanches Argent, each charged with 3 Pellets and surmounted, with a Flasque Gules. This is born by the name of Washper.

A the like Annuletts G charged with Plates. Born by the name of Pernsheim.

Chap. 4. Numb. 26.

XI. He beareth Or, a Bend Vert, Flamant on the sides proper. Some term it a Bend on Fire, or fired on the sides. By the name of Prandtner.

XII. He beareth Argent, a Lime of a Tree in Bend, with two Roses stalked, counter-pendant, Gules. By the name of Drachsler.

Also G the like A born by Dillinger.

XIII. He beareth Argent, a Bend Archy, with the higher side Flurty, Sable. Born by Van Elbenor.

G the Bend Sinister Archy and Flory, A. By Elben.

G the Bend leaved on the higher side A Quartered by Kisell.

XIV. He beareth Gules on a Bend Argent, another in point Dauncette, Azure. Some term it, double Dauncette. Born by Van Lossnitz.

XV. He beareth a Bend of a Limb of a Tree, (or a Limb of a Tree in Bend) raguled and trunked, with a Leaf stalked and pendant on each side of it, Vert, in a Field Argent: By the name of Boode.

A such a Tree Raguled and Trunked with three leaves on each side G. By the name of Die Stangen: Also by Van Oberledel. Also per Bend Sinister G and A: The like with 2 leaves B by Seboten.

G the like with 2 leaves A born by Besse.

XVI. He beareth Purpure, a Bend, the Indents Im­bowed, Or; a Bend hacked or hewed on the sides, or cut into the sides. By the name of Larden or Larding.

O the like Sinister ways G born by Gundifingen.

XVII. He beareth Argent, a Bend of the Limb of a Tree, with three Leaves growing on the upper side of it, Vert. By the name of Martincroft.

G the like O born by Van Kolnitz; and with 3 Roses, is born by Van Annemberg.

G on a Fesse B a Limb of a Tree trunked with three leaves on each side O is born by Van Der Amus.

XVIII. He beareth Or, a Bend Barry of six, Er­mine and Vert. This is different from a Bend Gobbony, as you may see, comparing them together, chap. 4. numb. 42. that being streight over the Bend, according to its mounting; but this Bevile-ways, striking off the Bend, as if the Barrs were to be drawn on the Escochion, and so all the Barrs are to be made, let the Ordinary be as the Bearer pleaseth to set it.

Chap. 3. Numb. 68.

XIX. He beareth Argent, 6 Losenges in Fesse, sur­mounted of a Cross Sable: a Shapournett shapour­ned, Vert. This is more briefly Blazoned by others, on a double Shapournett, a turn-Pike Gate, or a Turn-Stile. Born by the name of Caldwell or Caldy.

G the like A on a Shapournet O born by Lammin­ger.

XX. He beareth Or, five Pales couped in Fesse, enwrapped with Osiers, Briers or Thorns, Ten. This was the old way of inclosing of Fields, Meadows, and Pasturing Land; and was anciently termed a Nethering, our Country-Men, if they were to describe this Coat, would say, it is five Stakes wound with Netherings, or Windings: From this I may fitly (and that by Art) give it this Blazon, 5 Poles in Fesse Nethered; some pro­nounce it Addered, and Athered, and Addering; others Tathered and Tathering: Such a Nethered or Fesse of windings, with a Lion passant in Chief, is the Coat of Paungartner of Bavaria, in Germany.

XXI. He beareth Argent, a Wiure, Nebule, coun­ter Nebule, Sable. A Wiure is much less than either Barrulett or Cotize; being drawn only by the stroak of a Pencill, or full Pen, after what sort of Line the Bearer pleaseth: This is by some termed a Barrulett Nebule, and others a Viure Nebule. Born by the name of Wiure­drager.

A the like in Bend Sinister, belongs to the Coat of Zer­kinden.

[Page 91]Per Fesse O and A in Chief a Lion passant B and in Base the like Wiure B. Born by Van Cladenbech.

XXII. He beareth Or, the Top of a Tower or Battlement extended in Fes [...]e, shewing its thickness Gules. By the name of Peacock.

S the like A born by Van Lauternaw, of Switzerland.

XXIII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Dauncett, of two pieces, couped in form of a Roman double W: Azure. By the name of Bany, or Bannie. Ferne, p. 199. Blazons it a Fesse Emanuchee couped, which is the best term, seeing it consists only of 3 points like the dou­ble W. See numb. 24. and chap. 7. numb. 74. Yet others call it a Fesse Dauncett with one point on the top, and two under, couped; for when there is but one point a­bove, there must needs be two under; for as this is the least in points, so it can be no otherwise drawn: So on the contrary, if two points be uppermost, then there can be but one at the bottom.

XXIV. He beareth party per Fesse Argent and Gules; two Barrs Dauncett in point of 2 pieces in form of a W; counterchanged and fixed: By the name of Die Illsung. This ought rather to be termed a Fesse Dauncett of two pieces or points reversed, as being contra­ry to those mentioned, chap. 4. numb. 73.

Per Fesse G and B the like A. Born by Ilsung.

G the like with a Cross Patee on the point A is the Bi­shoprick of Raczenberg Coat.

XXV. He beareth Or, two Barrs Battelled coun­ter-Battelled, Gules. Born by the name of Southerne. This is the true way of Counter-Battelling, when one Battlement stands opposite to that against it.

XXVI. He beareth Argent, two Barrs, each with one Imbattle on the top, counter-Battled with two in the bottom, Azure. By the name of Nield.

XXVII. He beareth Vert, a Barrulett couped, with one Imbattle at each end, counter-Battled, Born by the name of Dawken. Others call it a Fesse rectangled at both ends, and couped, the Dexter to the Base.

G two such Barrs A born by Kol [...]erer zu Hone.

Chap. 4. Numb. 103.

XXVIII. He beareth Argent, an Escochion Azure, Florished (or Flowred) with eight Trefoils, Vert. This is born by the name of Scutfoile.

Per Fesse A and B an Escochion flourished with 8 Staves Pomettee and Florytee. Born by Hawsmaner.

XXIX. He beareth Or, an Escochion Flurt, Azure. By the name of Leather.

XXX. He beareth Argent, a Triangle, pierced triangular, each point Pometted and Florished, Sable. After the same manner you shall often find Quadrants thus Flowred, as in these foregoing exam­ples, by which you may easily give such their true terms in Blazoning. This is born by the name of Trinelley.

B the like A born by Eberstein.

B a Triangle with a Spur-Rowel of 6 points, at each cant or corner A born by Geuder.

B a Triangle pierced, each point Bottoney A by Vlers­dorf.

Chap. 4. Numb. 107.

XXXI. He beareth Or, a Chain of eight Links in Orle, Sable. Born by the name of de Zuniga, Duke of Vejar: The French Blazon it, Argent, a Bend Sable, one Chain Or, (compose de 8 Chain Links) in form of an Orle.

XXXII. He beareth Gules 9 Annuletts linked to each other in form of a Gyron (or Gyron-wise) Or. This is by the French Blazoned no otherwise than he beareth Navarre, as being the Coat of that Kingdom: though others term it 8 Annuletts in Orle, linked to ano­ther in the Center, and each other Gyron-wise. This Chained Gyron, belongs to the Arms of the Kingdom of Navarre.

XXXIII. He beareth Gules, a Gordian Knott, Or, else thus, a double Orle of Annuletts linked to each other, and all to another in the Center, Gyron-wise; or after the French, fol. 16.69. the Navarre Knot, or the double Knott of Navarre, being so born for the Coat Ar­mour of that Kingdom.

Chap. 5. Numb. 104.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, two Crosses Patri­archal Patee, conjoined and annulated in the middle of the bottoms, Sable. Some say in the middle of the bot­tom Cross. This is born by the name of Flecken. The same, with contrary colours; and Plates in the places of the Annuletts, is born by Van Fleckenbull Gem Burgell.

XXXV. He beareth Or, a Cross Pomelled Mo­lyne, Gules. Others call it a Cross Pometee Molined. Born by the name of Virmont. See chap. 5. n [...]mb. 126.

XXXVI. He beareth Sable, a Cross Patee-Botto­ny Mascled, Argent. Some call it, a Cross Patee in­vecked; The French term it a Cross Tholouse, or Toulouse, from its round Circles at the ends; others a Cross Pomettee. Such a like Cross is in the Coat of Lo­vis de Nogaret, a French Family.

XXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Cross corniced at each end, Azure. This is termed also a Cross capitall: or a Cross headed after the Tuscan Order. Or a Cross Brick-axed, because the ends much resemble the Heads of Brick-axes, by which Brick-layers cut their Brick. See lib. 3. cap. 3. numb. 44.

XXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Pendall, Sable, garnished in the center (or middle) with five Rubies: Some call it a Cross Spindle. Such a Cross as this I find stamped upon the Coin of King Harold the Second.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, four Roman V in point Gules, fretted with an Annulett Sable. Others term it 4 V in Cross, fretted with a Ring. This is Stamped upon King Edward the Elders Coin.

XL. He beareth Argent, two Pales Patee couped, surmounted of as many Barruletts of the same, in form of a Cross, Sable: Some term these two Billetts, debrnsed with the like in Cross, others will have it to be a Cross double parted Patee. Born by the name of Partby, or Bartby.

[Page 92]XLI. He beareth Gules, a Cross Flamed, or Fla­mant, Or: Born by the name of Firecross.

This is also termed a Cross Raisie, or Rayed, because the Points issuing from the Cross represent the Rays of the Sun.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Cross Patriarchal, with a Lambeaux on the Dexter side, Gules: If it had not been wanting on the Sinister part in the foot, it should have been termed a Cross Lambeaux, as in chap. 5. numb. 104. though some do term it so, only add (the rebating on the Sinister end:) This is born by the name of Norcote.

B the like A born by Tschetschke, of Siletia.

XLIII. He beareth Vert, a Cross Patriarchal Pa­tee, and Flory in the foot, Or. By the name of Dunpa­trick. Also per Pale B and A such a Cross G supported by two Lions rampant, Barry of 10 O and A Crowned, is the States Coat of Hirschfelt in Germany, for so they write it in their Language.

XLIV. He beareth Or, a Cross Patee fixed (or en­tyre,) at each end a Label issuant Argent, from the Center four Flowers de lis Azure, an Escochion (or Ines­cochion) Sable: If the Field and Label were of the same Colour or Mettle, then some Authors have termed it, a Cross demy sarcelled, as being half sawed through: Others a Cross Notched; and a Cross Patee escar­teled at each end, as having a square piece cut out of it: And again, others will have this Cross fixed, to be charged at each end with a Canton in the middle; but I hold them more proper to be termed Lambeauxes. This Coat is born by the name of Barbach.

Chap. 6. Numb. 11.

XLV. He beareth Argent, four Cheverons, the first and third engraled on the lower sides, Gules. By the name of Darwenberg.

G two Cheverons B invecked on the higher sides, and edged Argent. By the name of Asten.

XLVI. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron [...]n point, Imbowed, Gules, on each side of the top three Laurel Leaves, Vert. See chap. 6. numb. 34. This is born by the name of Die Schutzener.

S the like Cheveron and Leaves O by Van Tranbach.

XLVII. He beareth party per Pale, Argent and Gules, two Cheverons reversed, counterchanged. By the name of Von Lerch.

XLVIII. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron Potent, counter-Potent; in Base, a Pale couped at the top Argent: This may be fitly termed a Cheveron Grady; by reason it ascendeth by degrees, being contrary to Crenell or Imbattleing: See chap. 6. numb. 15. This is born by the name of Stainkircher.

O Such a Cheveron G with a Demy-Lion on the top of it, is the Coat-Armour of Rugen.

G such a Cheveron A and a Label of 5 points O born by Healy.

XLIX. He beareth party per Cheveron, Gules and Azure, on a Cheveron Argent, a Chain flexed and re­flexed, Sable. The French call this a Chaplett or a Brace­let, a String of Beads. This is born by Alouzo Diego Lo­pez de Mirandole.

L. He beareth Or, a Cheveron Azure, charged with a Fesse, Argent: The Fesse is supposed to be all of one piece, though the bottom part of the Cheveron do separate it; neither can it fitly be termed any thing else; for it must run streight, according to the lines of the Ordinary; yet some term the Cheveron charged with 2 Squares or Quadrants; and that in my Judgment is the most proper term; or else those Blazoning, mentioned, numb. 18. and chap. 8. numb. 62. are not right. This is born by the name of Merkenby.

Chap. 6. Numb. 57.

LI. He beareth Argent, three Darts, Sans Feathers in Fesse, issuing out of Base, Sable; Pheons or Heads A­zure, surmounted of two Barruletts, couped Gules. Born by the name of Yatell.

LII. He beareth Or, three Pales couped, debrused with four Barruletts of the same, Sable. This is termed a Latice, see chap. 7. numb. 12. but most proper a Port­cullice disarmed and dismembred, or disjointed, by reason it is pulled to pieces and destroyed, only the mid­dle part remaining; it is born by Reffler.

LIII. He beareth Azure, a Pale, between two other couped; all fitched in the bottom Argent; debrused with two Barruletts Or; Nailed Sable. This is born by the name of Barcade.

A the like G Armed in the fitched parts with sockets or Hoops and Spikes B. Born by Die Schwartzkopf.

Chap. 6. Numb. 84.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Losenge Diapered, (or adorned with a Branched Border and Flowers) Azure. Born by the name of Sandelance.

LV. He beareth Or, eight Losenges conjoined in form of a Cross, wiz. two, four, and two Vert. By the name of Hobson. The like A in a Field G is born by Van Grafenegk. Also by Blanckensteiner.

LVI. He beareth Purpure, a Mascle, each corner Bottonyed, Argent. By the name of Van Wallendart.

A a Quadrant quarter pierced, the points Flurt G. Born by the Family of Quaternall.

Chap. 7. Numb. 20.

LVII. He beareth Argent, two points dexter and sinister Imbowed Gules, and a point Escartelled Azure; or two points dexter and sinister shapourned or convexed, &c. Born by the name of Gaskellinger.

Per Fesse Escartalled A and G is born by Dachaw. And A and B with a Vine Leaf, is Geymanners Coat.

LVIII. He beareth Pily of four pieces traverse, Ar­gent and Gules. Others term it Bendy Barwise. See more chap. 7. numb. 98. This is born by the name of Van Krechmar. Also by Van Greyss [...]n.

LIX. He beareth Vert, a Pile, and two demy ones [Page 93] Im [...]owed or Fianched, and fixed to the sides Argent, each charged in Chief with a Torteaux. This is also Blazoned, Pily of Five, or two Piles reversed Vert, in a Field Argent, &c. Born by the name of Borlach.

The like B and O three annulets in Chief, and two in base counterchanged. By the name of Die Schutzen.

LX. He beareth Argent, a Pile in point Imbowed Bendwise, pierced Losengeways, Azure. Some term this a point in point reversed, and in Bend, &c. This is born by the name of Thurnell. And such a Pile or Point reversed Bendwise Sinister, is quarted by the Earl of Wilt­zer, Van Spiegelfeldt in Germany.

LXI. He beareth Or, a Pile in Bend, Sable, having three Laurel leaves on each side Vert, surmounted, (or charged) with another Gules. Born by the name of Dip­lich.

A Cheveron thus adorned with 6 leaves O in a Field S is born by Schutzen Van Tranbach in Alsatia.

LXII. He beareth Azure, a Point pointed, on the top a Pomell pomelled, Argent. Born by the name of Hermansdorf. If the bottom Lines had come higher out of the sides of the Escochion, it should then have been ter­med per Fesse a point, &c. or per Base a point point­ed, &c.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, a point pointed reversed Bottony at the end Azure. By the name of Hurst.

G the like A born by Die Feur van Au. of Bavaria.

LXIV. He beareth Or, a point pointed to the Chief, Vert, with the same reversed to the Base, counterchan­gep. Some will term it a point pointed in point, the same reversed counterchanged. By the name of Bo­nistall.

LXV. He beareth party per Fesse point in point re­versed, Argent and Purpure; an Annulett Sable. By the name of Grasswein: Also by Waldkirk.

S the like point in point reversed, between two flowers de lis A, is born by Pucher van Ringers. And G the like A by Van Curnegk.

LXVI. He beareth quarterly Vert and Argent, a point in point Or. Some Blazon it per Cross in point, see chap. 7. numb. 40. the French say per Pale, with the point parted into three Escochions. This is the Coat Armour of Lalain.

LXVII. He beareth Argent, a point in point, flory on the top, Vert. These kind of bearings are often made both Bend Dexter, and Sinister ways. This is born by the name of Volsby. And the Field G and point A by Hof­mairn.

LXVIII. He beareth Or, a point pointed, Gules, Po­melled and Flory on the top, Azure. Some term it Po­metee and Florished or Flowred on the top. Born by Van Hoyer.

A the like G. Born by Luiteridt.

B the like in Bend A by Hollen.

S the like in Bend Sinister O. Born by Schroten.

LXIX. He beareth party per Fesse, Azure, point in point, pometee and florished, Or, a Cinquefoil, Gules. It is very frequent with the Dutch Heralds thus to flourish and adorn the top of these said Points, with variety of Leaves and Flowers, and out of Crowns to have several things to proceed, as Feathers, Branches, &c. which the Ingenious may easily give them their terms in Blazoning, by these few examples. This is born by Baben.

A a point pointed, with a Crown on the top G, ha­ving three Roses with Stalks issuing proper. By the name of Van Dodge.

LXX. He beareth party per Pale, Barry of six con­trary Urdee, Argent and Gules. Some term it Barry of 6 Champion. Others per Pale varriated point in point. And per Pale crenelle points pointed. Others Barry of 6 Ur­dee at the ends; or contrary champion at the sides. And others Uarry (or Urdee) in point Barwise of six, See numb. 83. This is born by the name of Durdivalle, or De Vrdevile.

Per Fesse O and B Urdee Paly, is born by Negell and by Dormister. See numb. 83.

LXXI. He beareth party per Pale, Vert and Argent, a Pile fitched (or Urdee) in the top with a Crenell, or ragulee on each side, counterchanged. Some term it a Pile raguled transposed. This is born by the name of Tanhausener. The like B and A is born by Van Wal­denburg.

B and A per Pale, a Cheveron G. Such a Pale in Base counterchanged by the name of Waldenburg.

LXXII. He beareth party per Pale, the first per Bend Nuee, (or goared) Vert and Argent and Gules. The French term this per Bend Tranchee Nuage, and Ben­dy Arondie. By the name of Ratrice. This should be Blazoned, per Bend Nuee to the Dexter, to signifie the points are that way, else they may as well be set other­wise.

LXXIII. He beareth Azure, a Pale Argent, on a Bend three Roundletts all counterchanged. By the name of Grisgault.

LXXIV. He beareth Barry of four, Or and Gules, and per Pale counterchanged. Of some Barry of four, per Pale counterchanged O and G. Born by the name of Coppiar.

LXXV. He beareth party per Fesse, and per Pale in Chief, Argent, Vert, and Azure. Others beginning at the top part say, party per Pale A and O, and per Fesse B. By the name of Coiteran.

Per Pale A and G and per Fesse B born by Van Pan­witz.

Per Fesse G and per Pale A and S. Born by Girsdorf, and Van Parsberg.

Per Fesse G and per Pale B and A. By Van Gersdorf, and Van Corbitz.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, a point with one Bat­tlement, and a Loop-hole therein, Sanguine; a Falcon with Wings displayed standing thereon, proper. By the name of Falwall.

A the same B a Bird thereon G by Andernach.

S the same point A and Falcon O by Hirschvogell.

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Wall with a Battle­ment, Gules, having a (Pendent or) Pennon fixed there­on, Azure, Staff Or. This Coat is quartred by the Fa­mily of Van Waselspreeg. Some will say, a Wall, Mason­ed; but that term is understood by naming a Wall.

[Page 94]LXXVIII. He beareth party per Bend Escartelle gra­dy Gules and Argent, masoned Sable. Born by the name of V [...]n Klammenstein. See chap. 7. numb. 23.

LXXIX. He beareth Or, a point Sinister remo­ved, and extending it self to the Dexter side, Gules: Two Squires contrary coyned. This Coat I hold better bla­zoned by reason of the charge of the Squires thus, party per Bend, Gules and Or, two Squires counterchanged, a Chief of the second. By the name of Haller.

LXXX. He beareth Azure, two Gussets Argent, each parted per Fesse Rasie, Or. The French term it flamant or flaming, because they resemble the Rayes of the Sun; as thus B. in Paul Cope; the Flances (or sides) flaming S and O. By the name of Belisare, Lieutenant to the Emperour Iustinian. Da obilum Belisareo.

LXXXI. He beareth party per pale, Azure and Argent, a Pile transposed or reversed, indented, counterchan­ged. Such a Coat is quartered by Die Greifenrot in the Pa­latinate of Rhine.

LXXXII. He beareth party per Fesse, the chief part Pily of eight. Argent and Vert, and Or, at the points a Bay leaf fixed, of the second. By the name of Wald­nergh.

The same A and G, the leaves of the second. Born by the name of Faulha [...]er.

LXXXIII. He beareth party per Fesse, Uarrey in point, Argent, and Gules, and Or, a Shapournett (or Mount in Base) Azure. Some per Fesse Urdee in point Palewise, &c. See n [...]mb. 70. This belongs to the Coat of Nagel Van Diermstein.

Per Fesse, the like Barry O and B: In the Base a Lion passant: Born by the name of Westernof.

LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Azure, between two Piles triple pointed, in form of a Cheveron Gules, and a Shapournett mounted, Vert. Others to make a long business of it, will Blazon it a Fesse between two triple Piles in Chief, one out of the dexter, the other out of the sinister side, Cheveron ways (or in Cheveron) and a Shapournett Shapournetted (or a Mount with a Hill up­on it) in Base. The Dutch Heraulds make all their Hills generally after this form; and of some are called a Sha­pournet Crested. This is born by the name of Luczen­burgall. A a Fesse V. and two such Piles G is born by Kevdell.

LXXXV. He beareth party per Fesse Gules and Argent, on the first six mounts surmounting one another in form of a Shapournett, Or, on the second a Pile of four points, issuing out of Base, Bendwise, Sable. Some term this a Shapournet of six pieces. This is born by the name of Landsperg van Lerch.

LXXXVI. He beareth Barry of four Escalloped, Ar­gent and Gules. Some term the Barry counterscal [...]op­ed, by reason they fall one contrary to the other, after the manner of Scales upon Fish. Others term it Barry Nuagee contra Nuagee, which we may English Barry Clouded contra Clouded. See chap. 6. numb. 100. and chap. 3. numb. 113. This Coat each Scale Nailed, Sable, is born by the name of Armourer.

LXXXVII. He beareth party per Fesse, Argent, a Sha­pournett shapourned (or a Mount mounted) Vert and Azure, three Piles reversed, (or transposed) Or.

If the Field was all of one Colour or Mettle, then you must Blazon it a Shapournett shapourned in Chief, and 3 Piles reversed in Base. This Coat is born by the name of Hoberg Van Sch [...]nb [...]rn.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, six Ogresses, and a Lion passant in Base, Gules; Masoned between them Sable: Otherwise Blazoned, Argent Masoned in four Divisions Sable, between six Ogresses 3, 2, 1, and in Base, a Lion passant, &c. The French Blazon it, A. Mas­sonee of seven pieces S. charged with 6 Ogresses, and a Lion of the same. By the name of Ranlach.

The same charged with 6 Martlets and a Cressant S. By Marillac.

LXXXIX. He beareth Or, a Cross and Salter Gules between 8 Pellets, a Delfe (or Quadrat) Argent. By the name of Bletzen.

S the like O an Inescochion B charged with a Bend, A. By the name of Van Rotenstein.

XC. He beareth party per Fesse Indented Bowed, Argent and Gules, each point Pometee, counterchanged. By the name of Pil [...]r [...]m.

The like Indented Bowed per Bend A and G by Van Mort.

XCI. He beareth quarterly Argent and Or, the first, a Label issuing out of Chief Azure, the second and third Bordered Gules; and the last a Pale couped on the top (or a Demy-Pale issuing out of Base) of the third. By the name of Lauderhessen.

XCII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse, Canton, and 2 Lambeauxes issuing out of Chief, Azure, in Base a De­my-Border (or a Border diminished or determinate in Fesse) Gules. The French term these Lambeaux by the name of Pales recoursie. By the name of Littleg [...]od.

G a Canton and two such Lambeaux A. By Hafner Van Waselheim.

A 2 such Lambeaux, and as many Barrs S. By Ha­merst [...]in.

XCIII. He beareth party per Bend, Argent and Or; three Labells issuing out of Chief Pendant Bend­ways Azure: In Base a Bend Sinister Vert. These La­bels the French term, Pales retracted, as being one shorter than the other, according to the parting of the Field. Born by the name of Gaskell.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Gules, three La­bells issuing out of Chief, Imbowed Sable; in Base three Pales contrary posed, and conjoined and Fitched on the tops, and Barred, Vert; these repre­sent the Pales of a Garden or Court. This Coat is born by the name of Rivall.

G 3 such Labels O. Born by De Ligne.

XCV. He beareth Argent, four Cheverous Gules, a Pallet, Sable. If this were termed according to the Art or Science of a Master Carpenter, he would say it is a Standart supporting four Rafters (or the Crown-post, or Kings-piece, sustaining four Sleepers) in Cheve­ron. This is the Coat Armour of Sherwite. See chap. 8. numb. 119.

[Page 95]He beareth Argent, a Fesse Azure, between two Barruletts Or, Indented on one side, Gules, or Indented on the out-sides; or else two Barruletts, each having 3 Dents into the Field. By the name of Assor. But this is better Blazoned, by saying A 3 Fusils in Fesse G over all a Fesse B between 2 Barruletts O.

A 3 Fusils S the Fesse and Barruletts A born by Onsorg.

XCVII. He beareth quarterly, the first and last Ar­gent, a Pale Gules; the second and third per Fesse Es­cartelle; the one Grady of three, the other of two, A­zure and Or. This is born by the name of Pillar.

☞ Note, the Escartellee Grady, if it exceed two heights or degrees, are to be numbred, as Grady of 3, 4, 5, and the like. Per Fesse Escartelle of 2 degrees, G and A. By the name of Profer.

XCVIII. He beareth party per Pale, Or and Gules, and per Fesse Argent; a point Indented, Azure; a Bordeur, Vert. Some term it per Pale in Chief, and per Fesse Indented in Base; but hereby they shew nothing how, or after what manner the partition is in the middle part. The French term it coupe, the first parted; and the second half per Chief, and Indented into 4 pieces, &c. By the name of Gib van Fernough.

XCIX. He beareth Argent, three Bends Gules; on a Chief of the first, two Lions issuant combatant or affrontant, Sable; in the neither part a Fillet Or, char­ged with an Adder, Azure. The French term the latter part of this Blazon, a Chief supported Or, with an Ad­der Azure. Such a Coat as this is born by Paulus Sa­velus, Prince de Albano.

The like Barry of 6 A and G on a Chief A support­ed (or filletted O a Rose-branch issuant. By the name of Des Vrsins.

C He beareth Or, a Losenge in point, (or extend­ing it self to all sides of the Escochion) Gules; charged with three Barrs Argent. The French Blazon this, Gules, a Fesse of three pieces Argent; clad or slaved and shot, Or. Others call them four points Or. See chap. 7. numb. 90. how it is otherwise Blazoned. This Coat is born by the name of De Santepau.

CI. He beareth party per Fesse, Argent, 3 Pales, Gules; and Azure, a Canton, Or. Some will say, per Fesse, the first A 3 Pales G. and second B a Canton O. Born by the name of Renchell.

G 3 Mascles A on the Canton A a Lion rampant S Chief O 3 Pales G. By the name of Bergues. In this Blazon is lodged 3 Coats, viz. the Chief, by Malines, Can­ton by Brabant, and the rest by Bautersens. Here the Can­ton gives place to the Chief, contrary to chap. 8. numb. 102. and therefore first named.

CII. He beareth party per Salter, the first and last, Or, four Pales, Gules; the others Azure, a Castle Ar­gent. The French Blazon it quarterly in Salter, the Chief and Base Or, four Pales Gules; the two Flanckes (or Costes) Azure, a Castle Argent. Here is two Coats couch­ed in this one Blazoning, yet all born by one name, as was the foregoing examples, viz. the Pales belong to the Kingdom of Arragon; and the Castles to the Kingdom of Castile, which is usually in short thus set forth, per Salter Arragon, and Castile counterposed.

CIII. He beareth Gyrony Indented, Or and Sable, a Fesse Gules. Born by the name of Crackleborne. If the Girony did not meet all in the points, [...]ut made them­selves into four, then they are termed S 4 Gyrons, O. which according to the making of them, shewed, chap. 3. numb. 105, 106. are to proceed from the four chief places of the Escochion and to meet in Fesse.

CIV. He beareth Argent, six long Stones issuing out of Base, conjoined, surmounting one another in form of a Pyramid Azure. Some term them 3 Stones out of Base, 2 surmounting the 3, and 1 the 2. Born by the name of Slangstone.

G the like A born by Preisach, that is the Town Coat of Preisach.

CV. He beareth Argent, a Barr Gemelle conjoin­ed, Gules; between three triple Pales Fitched and Barred; two issuing out of Chief, the other in Base, Or. Born by the name of Pallizar.

B 3 Flower de Luces O between 3 such triple Pales A. By the name of Van Arnsdorf.

Chap. 8. Numb. 88.

CVI. He beareth Gules, a Cheveron Argent, pierced with 2 Darts Salterwise, in Base, the Pheons (or heads) in Chief. By the name of Meychsner. Others Blazon it two Darts (or Arrows) in Salter, points erected and piercing of a Cheveron debrused on the neither side.

CVII. He beareth Argent, an Arrow drawn in a Bow, in Pale proper, the Head pierced into the middle of the Chief, Gules. By the name of Schutzenbergh.

CVIII. He beareth Gules, a Sword in Beud proper, piercing a Shield, Or, the end debrused by a point dexter, Argent. By the name of Scuten persen, or Scu­tenper [...]s.

G the same (without the point Dexter) born by Held­ten.

CIX. He beareth party per Pale, Argent, two Barrs and a Fesse Vert. This is one entire Coat, though it seems to be two Impaled, and is born by the name of Bare­face Vom Gomarch. Yet divide the same, and the Fesse is born by Greemrag, and the Barrs by Futerer.

CX. He beareth Gules, a point pointed, and a Chief with 2 Imbattlements, Argent. Or a Chief with 2 Crenells. This is born by the name of Ste [...]lrile.

Chap. 7. Numb. 116.

CXI. He beareth Losengy Argent and Gules, each Mettle, charged with two Barrs Sable. else say A Losen­gy, G. each other Barred (or a Bar Gemelle) S. By the name of Seringrave.

Parted per three Fesse-wise, Bend-wise, and Bend-Sinister, all counterchanged the one from the other O and B by the name of Rorbach.

CXII. He beareth Barry of four, Or and Azure, parted per Frett counterchanged. This is also termed Barry of four point in point endented counterchan­ged; but there is a difference between this and that men­tioned, chap. 7. numb. 115. By the name of Kettich.

[Page 96]CXIII. He beareth Argent, on a Mount in Base Vert, five Hop-oles fired in Fesse, Or. By the name of Mountacheval. S on a Snowy Mount in Base 6 Staves or Poles fixed in Feffe A. Born by Monsterberg.

CXIV. He beareth per Pale and Salter Or and Gules; three Flales (or Threshalls in Triangle, af­ter the form of a Y, the Swafes pendant, Sable. By the name of Husbandman.

Party per Pale A and B and per Cheveron G three such Flales in Triangle O. Born by Vngeraten. See numb. 116.

CXV. He beareth Argent, three Shapernes in Pale, Sable, called Chaperons, Chapourns and Sha­pournetts, from the resemblance they have to Hoods or Head Attires after the old Fashion. This Coat is born by the name of Adelevesen van Heym.

A 3 such Chaperons, Gules, edged on the tops, O. Born by the name of Kramberg. See lib. 3. chap. 13. n [...]mb. 120.

CXVI. He beareth party per pale and point, Sable Gules and Azure, in Fesse (o [...] per Fesse) counterchanged; three Shapournetts mounted (or cristed) removed, Ar­gent. They are here termed removed, or cut from their scituation, which is ever at the bottom line of either Field or Ordinary on which they are born, as numb. 83, 84, 87. Otherwise this is blazoned by some, quarterly Sable and Gules, a point in point Azure, three Hoods Argent. By the name of Van Howelstall.

A on a Bend G 3 such Hoods O. Born by Van Howelt of Saxony.

There are Coats that have another round above the top of these two, as if they were three, one above and less than another, as Schwartzberg beareth A a triple Hood or Shaperon S.

CXVII. He beareth party per Fesse, counter Pomet­tee of three, Azure and Argent, chap. 7. numb. 26, 28. of others per Fesse Nebulee of three, &c. This is born by the name of Bourgongne. After this manner partitions of Fields are made with Leaves, Flowers de lis, Roses, and such like set contrary and counterchanged.

CXVIII. He beareth Masculy Bendy of four, Ar­gent and Gules; others do term it Masculy, A and G. 3 Bendletts (or costs) of the same (or of the second) sig­nifying, that as the Ordinary lieth either streight or Bend­wise, so the Mascules ly answerable thereunto; else of right their points are direct upright, as you may see chap. 7. numb. 116. This is born by the name of Bran [...]reth or Brandrelth.

CXIX. He beareth Azure, a Pale, and two Squires Argent; a Chief of the first. Some do term it a Pale between two Squires, (or two Squires from Chief to the Base) others Blazon them two Points Dexter and Sinister: or two squires in point, because they ex­tend from point. This is born by the name of Squiroake.

CXX. He beareth parted per Fesse, Argent and Gules; two Piles reversed in point; out of the Dex­ter and Sinister Base, of the first; these two Coats do some­thing resemble each other; and yet by their Blazon, they are of contrary natures and kinds. This is born by the name of Tidnock.

Per Fesse B and A in Chief, a Lion passant▪ and in base two Piles reversed counterchanged. By the name of Fra­ventraut.

TO EDWARD HARBART, Esquire. William Street, Somtimes Major of the City of Chester, Anno Dom. 1666. & 1683. Richard Harrison Sherriff thereof, Anno Dom. 1685. Son and Heir of Richard Harrison Alderman, and Justice of Peace: Major Anno Dom. 1667 Iohn Warrington, Son of William Warrington Alderman, Richard Blackburne, and Ioseph Diason, Gentlemen: R. H. Wisheth a continuance of health, in all Prosperity, and Happyness, with a fur­ther increase of Honour; Who in perpetual memory of your worths, doth Dedicate this Last Chapter of his first Book of Herauldry to you, who doubts not of your ready ac­ceptance: seeing you have been ever Forward to Promote the Interest of the Author there­of; who for his many Favours received at your hands, obligeth him to subscribe himself, your most devoted Freind and Servant to the Death.

CHAP. X.

1. HAving finished the the content of the last chap­ter, it was my thoughts to have finished my first Book of Armory, consisting of Ordina­ries, with their several Division, Subdivisions, and Tin­ctures of Field made by and through Lines: But by the Assistance of my good Friend, and fellow Labourer in matters of Armory (Mr. Silvanus Morgan of London Armes Painter) I obtained some Books wherein upon a Serious perusall, I foumd some certain Bearings, which I did not formerly take notice off, which though they be born after their due time, yet I hope may be Serviceable to the Instruction of others; Seeing they are such things as have not been mentioned by any of our English Authors.

And now I have done what my Poor endevour, and my small Library can afford, yet in the end, I must con­clude with that Latine Phraise; Barnardus non visit om­nia, for there may be thousands of such Kinds, which nei­ther I, nor mine, to the third, of fourth generation shall ever come to see or know: for each Kingdom or Con­trey hath some thing therein, which is born in their cogni­zence & tokens of honour, that is unknown to all but them selves; others in seeing thereof, being not able to Judge of them, what they either are, or signifie. Of such kind take these few Forreign examples.

I. He beareth Azure, from a Cheef Nebule or Waved Sable, the Sun Beams or Rayes: Born by the name of Hesper. Gwilliams terms it, the Sun re­splendant Rayes thereout issuing. And Morgan saith out of a Cloud in Chief Rayonee, proper. But according to this draught it may be more fitly Blazoned, a clould in Chief with three Flames of Fire issuant. See lib.. 2 chap. 1 numb. 60.

In a Field Saturn out of a Cloud in Chief Rayonee, a demy Sinister Arm extended in Pale, laying hold on the Wrist of an other: (extended in Fesse Or) issuant [Page 98]

[figure]

[Page 99] from the Dexter side Luna, with five demy Flowers de Lis bordering the edges of the Escochion Sol, and in Base a Pomegranate Slipped and Leaved of the same. is the Coat Armour of the Colledge of Phisicians.

II. He beareth Or, a Bend Sinister, Gules and a Bend (Dexter) Azure Born by Bendall. You may at the first view, take this to be a Salter, if they were both of one colour, which perhaps you may find jointly thus born.

☞ Therefore in Coats of such Bearing, (if you use not the terms Surmounting or Debrusing) you must carefully observe, which of them lyeth next to the Field, and name that first, and its colour, then the other after. And this rule holdeth not alone herein, but also in all other Coats of Arms formed of divers ordinaries, or charges, or both, one upon an other: whereof the one must necessarily lye nearer to the Field, then the o­ther, as I have formerly given severall examples in chap. 8 number 26 to 35.

III He beareth Gules, a Fesse Or, Imbatled on the Top, Sable. This was the Coate of Sr. Aygli [...]s, one of the Knights of the round table in the time of King Arthur of Brittain. Some of our Ancient Brittish Blazoners, say crenelled into, or on the top with Sable.

IV. He beareth Argent, a Fesse On-sett or double downsett Couped, Sable. Is born by Van Sindorfe. See this otherwise Blazoned, chap. 8 numb. 111. and chap. 4 numb. 84.

V. He beareth Argent, a Fesse Gradie, or with three Grices on the higher side, Sable. Born by the name of Hohenstein, also by Marquartstein in the Province of Bavaria. See lib. 3 chap. 13 numb. 37.

VI. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron disjoynt or open in the head Or. By the name of Brokmale. See more of this chap. 6 numb. 30

S the like between three Losenges A. Is born by Stor­ton.

VII. He beareth Parted per Fesse, Sable and Ar­gent, on the first (or in Chief) a point pointed (or in point) and on the second (or in Base) a Loseng Counter­changed. By the name of Die Graeber. The like Born by Die Gruber Van Grub of Bavaria. See the like kind of bearing numb. 69.

VIII. He beareth Argent, a Point dexter remov­ed, extending to the Sinister side, Azure. By the name of Westernather a Dutch family. This is the German way of Blazoning it, but in my oppinion it is better termed, parted per Bend Sinister, Azure and Argent a Chief of the second. See numb. 79.

The like B and O a Greyhound currant in bend, Sinister A coloured G a Chief O Born by Van Grosa.

IX. He beareth Gules, a point dexter removed, in Chief Argent. By the name of Eysersteten. Else Bla­zon it, per Fesse, and per Bend in the Chief, G and A But some are of the Judgment, to which I rather incline, that these two last bearings are more properly termed Gyrons or Squires, in regard one of the sides rune streight and the oeher Bevile, as they generally do: if so, then Blazon them thus, a Gyron, or Squire in Chief, Transverse in point to the Sinister Fesse. Others a­firm that a Gyron cannot extend further then the middle of the Fesse point, and therefore it ought chiefly to be named a Squire.

X. He beareth Gules a point Sinister removed, & extending it self to the Dexter Fesse point, Argent: charged with the like Azure. By the name of Sallerburg, also by Beurl of Switzerland in Germany. Else blazon it a Squire Sinister transverse in point to the dexter side, terminated in Fesse, Surmounted of an other &c.

XI. He beareth Qnarterly Azure and Argent (in the first and last) a Squire Or. By the name of Van Kurm­revht of Bavaria. See chap. 7 numb. 75 and 6 33. These are of some termed Joyners Squares fixed to the dexter side and Base, if two be in a Field, or Quarter, they are ever set endorsed, for the cannot be both on a side.

XII. He beareth parted per Pale, Gules and Argent a Fesse Vert. Born by the Family of Van Sintz [...]ndorf in Bavaria. Here I name not the Fesse to be on the Sinister side, because being a colour, it could be no where else then on the mettle part.

Per Pale A and G a Fesse of the first. is born by Van Messenbach.

XIII. He beareth parted per Pale Gules, and Ben­dy of four Argent, and Azure. Born by the name of [...]ammer. Some Blazon it thus, per pale Gules, and per Bend A and B a Bend Counterchanged.

XIV. He beareth party per Bend, Argent and Sa­ble, a Bend of the first. By the name of Romer zu Ma­rotsch.

XV. He beareth party per Fesse Argent and Gules, and per Pale Azure. By the name of Florianer of Ba­varia. Here you see the dexter side partition, which is per Fesse, runs through the Field, till it meets with an opposition, which is per Pale where it stops, not exceeding that limit, which if it did, would not be either per Fesse or per Pale, but Quarterly. See chap. 7 numb. 42 and chap. 9 numb. 7.

XVI. He beareth party per Pale, Argent and Gules, a Bend Sinister by the same, (or counterchanged) Or & Azure. By the name of Eberhart. This I set down as a president, that a Bend or Fesse or the like; may & is often divided according to the partition of the Field, yet coun­terchanged with contrary colours.

Per Pale O and B a Fesse of the same division G and A is born by Dicason.

XVII. He beareth party per Fesse, a Pale coun­terchanged. By the name of Van Halleg.

The same G and A is Born by Lavider.

The like B and O three Buckles of the second. By the name of Spalding

XVIII. He beareth parted per Fesse, and three Pale conjoyned; Azure and Argent. By the name of Van Rein of Franckford in the Low Countryes. Thus the Dutch and Germans, often bear their Coats composed of Fesses & Pales conjoyned, Barrs & Cantons, & Chiefs and Pales &c. Makeing no division Line between them, which kind of Coats are very rarely used by us of this [Page 100] Kingdome, for we generally make a division Score be­tween such ordinaries

XIX. He beareth party per Pale Azure, and per Pale Gules and Argent. By the name of Ratibor. This may also be Blazoned per Pale B and G a side A.

XX. He beareth parted per Fesse Battled coun­ter Imbattled, Gules and Argent. By the name of Van Ega. Thus partitions are not made only with a Single Battlement, but with one Batlement upon the top of another, to two or three height: which some terme counter Battelled of two or three Grieces, degree, or heads.

Per Bend Sinister the like O and G is born by Drosten.

XXI. He beareth Barry of six, Argent and the Gules Imbattdlled on the top. By the name of Dopelstein of Alsa [...]ia. Some say Argent and Battled on the Higher side Gules. Other, triparted, each per Fesse Imbatelled A & G.

XXII. He beareth parted per Fesse, Argent and Gules, a Barr Engralled each point Flory & pome­tee interposed on the top, & invecked in the bottom, Sa­ble: and a Barrulet, Or. By the name of Sigelmann. This Barr ought, and generally doth not exceed five intire Engraled points, whereof three are Flory, and the two be­tween Pomety: and the Inveck to answer the points of the Engrale. See chap. 4. numb. 76.

XXIII. He beareth Cheveronny of eight revers­ed, Argent, and Gules. By the name of Wincher. Ei­ther Cheverons themselves, or Cheverony to six, eight, or tenn, are much born by the Gentry of the Netherlands.

Cheverony of four reversed A and G is born by Van Witzleben.

XXIV. He beareth Gules, two Cheverons Azure, edged having the top part Engraled in the innerside, Argent. Born by the name of Asten a German Familey. This may also be Blazoned, Gules two Cheverons Argent, each Surmounted of another invecked on the top Azure. See chap. 6 numb. 7. If these four edgings were four Cheveronells and all the rest of the Field of one colour, then you may term them four Cheverons, or Cheveronells, the first and third Engraled on the low­er, or nether side Argent, in a Field Gules, which is born by the name of Steelfoxe.

B four Cheverons, the first and third Engraled on the top O the other A Born by the name of Innocent.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a Pile of five points issuant from the Sinister Chief Bendwise, Gules. Born by the name of Van Rainsbrune. Piles of this na­ture are often born with 2 3 4 and 5 points seldome ex­ceeding that, and are set severall wayes, having also the points adorned, with variety of Flowers, Leaves Starrs &c. See chap. 3 numb. 94 and 9 numb. 84 85. Some­time the points are born Imbowed as chap. 7 numb. 31 32.

XXVI. He beareth Azure, a Square, or Squire, or point removed, or Quarter pointed, (by all which I have seen it termed) extending from dexter Chief to the Base, and terminated in the Fesse point Or. Is born by the name of Dier. This is Just the fourth part of the partition of a Salter, and may fitly be termed a Quarter per Salter, as the quarter is from the quarterly partition.

G the like A charged with a Rose. Is born by Volcker of Franckeford.

XXVII. He beareth Azure, a Fesse Indented per Fesse in point Argent and Gules, with a Fillet at the bottom Or. By the name of Vom-moss. This at the low­er part of the Fesse, may be termed, either an Edgeing, a welt, or a Fillet.

XXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Fesse Losengie, Ar­gent and Azure, Edged Or. By the name of Avenell. Some terme it a Fesse Argent edged or, charged with an other Losengie.

XXIX. He beareth Or, a Fesse Quarterly, Azure and Gules, Bordured Gobony, Argent and the second. Such a Fesse as this, was Born by the Duke of Somerset, having the Armes of France and England, Quarterly thereon.

The like, with a Labell of three points G was born by the Lord Harbert.

XXX. He beareth Sable, a Fesse with three Bat­tlements on the top, each having a Square Loop Hole, Or. Such a Fesse between ten Crosses is the Coat of Winterbecher of the Rhyne.

G the like A Masoned having long Loop holes S Is born by Wegensteten.

XXXI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse and a Barulet, Vert. Born by the name of Scharpfenstein. Some say a Barulett, and a Fesse; others, a Fesse and a Cost at the higher side: or a Fesse with a Barulett, or Closet, above it. This hath the Barulett on the side, to make it a distinct bearing from one of the same name whose Coat is A. a Fesse between two Baruletts V.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse between two Barrs Gemell, Gules, a Bordure counterchang­ed. By the name of Priersperg. In counterchangings of this nature, in several Coats, I have found the Bor­dure, to give place to several ordinaries, and yet is not diminished in its self.

G the like (Sans Bordure) A is born by Pryers.

A the same G by Badelismere.

XXXIII. He beareth Barry of four Argent and A­zure, a Fesse Gules, between two Barrs Battelled Counter-battelled, Counterchanged of the Field. By the name of Marmion.

XXXIV. He beareth Azure, a Fesse with two dents, or dentalls at a distance, on the higher side, and coun­ter-dented on the neither side, Or. Such a Fesse between nine Billetts is born by Gyucourt.

XXXV. He beareth party per Fesse, Or, and Sable, a Fesse On-sett, or double downsett Grady, Gules masoned, Sable. Is born by Plottarch.

XXXVI. He beareth Gules, a Fesse, the middle re­moved, or debrused, Argent. That is, slipped down, or broken from its place. See chap. 6 numb. 28 29 This between two Roses is born by Brokrose.

XXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Fesse patee, Azure. See chp. 4 numb. 27 Such a Fesse charged with 3 Flow­ers de Lis Or. Is born by Atwood.

[Page 101]XXXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Fesse Wavey, parted per Fesse, with the same, Argent, and Azure; two of the same, of the first. This between two Leopards Heads Or. Is the Coat of Reynolds. Some Blazon it, a Fesse Wavey, per Fesse, Argent and Barry of 3 4 or 5. Waved Azure, and the first.

XXXIX. He beareth Quarterly, Azure and Gules, a Fesse Compony of the same, edged Argent. Is born by Van Chistvitz.

XL. He beareth party per Fesse, Sable and Ar­gent, a Fesse changed, or interchanged, or counter­changed, Or, And the first. by the name of Sch [...]b. Here is an example of an ordinury, which is counter­changed of the Field, yet not of the colours of the Field.

XLI. He beareth Argent, a Fesse parted in point, with two Dentalls, Azure and the first, edged Or. By the name of Van Morspach.

O the like (Sans edge) A B is born by Manshofer of Bavaria, and Van Heinberg.

XLII. He beareth party per Bend and Fesse, Or and Gules. By the name of V [...]n Kauf [...]n [...]en. This kind of partition is by some termed, per Bend and Fesse Bendwise, because the lines are all Bendy, though they terminate in the Fesse. But it is best Blazoned, per Fesse Bevile Bendy, or Bendwise. See chap. 4 numb. 39 and 6 numb. 62.

XLIII. He beareth Argent four points pointed and Nowy, on the top, in Pale Argent, this Coat is Quar­tered by Count Graveneck, in the Empire of Germany. Some of our Heraulds, take them to be four Uarreys in point, or per Long: to which I do adhere, by rea­son those Heraulds do usually make their Uarry with the points to the middle of the streight lines of those a­bove them, as I shall shew by some few examples follow­ing numb. 44 45 46 whereas our Heraulds, if they un­derstand their Rules, draw them so, as the points of the Varry under, meet the points of them above. As you may see chap. 7 numb. 7 So that their Fields of Varry represent rather so many Pales or Pally, then a coun­terchanging.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, six Uarries, 3 2 1 A­zure, a Chief Or. Born by the the name of Greul Van Greulsperg of Bavaria. Here you have not the Field Var­ry, as Generally they are born all over, so also upon or­dinaries: But by certain numbers, taking up only a part of the field, the head or point of the under, standing a­gainst the middle of the bottom score of that which is a­bove it, and so of the rest under, according to their de­grees in descent.

XLV. He beareth Argent, on a Bend Sable, five Uarries, Or. Born by Phallay or Valloy a Germain Fa­mily. Here the Uarries touch neither the top, bottom, or sides of the Bend, but are as an intire charge upon it, the pointed top answering the middle of the straight line of that above it.

XLVI. He beareth Azure, on a Bend Sinister, Argent, three Uarries, or Dutch hats, Gules. By the name of Hunnenweiler or Alsatia. These are to me no other then Uarries, only the score in the Hat-band place, makes me also to judge of them to be Hats, set up­on the crown of an other.

G one a Bend A the like B born by Storn.

G on a Pale A 6 such B Born by De la Vauguyon of France.

P on a Cross A 9 such, all pointing to that in the center G Born by Aymard., Somtime Chancellor of France.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, three Bends, Gules, a Pale Sable, edged Or. Born by Stillingberg. The like Gules and Bends Argent, a Pale O. Is Born by Marg-Burgaw.

XLVIII. He beareth Azure, a Bend per Bend Ar­gent and Gules, Cheverony of six, counterchanged. Born by the name of Van Greysneck.

☞ Here it is to be noted, that if the Bend, be charged with either Salters, Crosses, Cheverons, Piles, Files, or Chiefs, they must be set thereon, as if the Bend were turned into a Pale. But if the Bend be charged with Barrs, Pales a Fesse, or Chief hey m [...]st & ought to be set on either Bend, or Cheveron, as if they were directly drawn upon the Field, notwithstanding the slopping of the said ordinaries; of which I have given ex­amples before in chap. 6 numb. 110 111 & chap. 8 umub. 62 chap. 9 numb. 50 besides observe these 3 following.

XLIX. He beareth Or, a Bend parted per Bend, Argent and Gules, Pally of six counterchanged. By the name of Van Sponheim. Here you see the Pally is drawn perpendicular, or straight down right, notwithstanding the Bends lying Bevile-wise, from cornner to corner.

O the like Bend Sinister A and G with a Lyon Ram­pant to the same, on the Dexter side G is by Bacharach.

A Such a Bend Sinister O and G is Born by Van Viermundt.

L. He beareth Or, a Bend party per Bend, Ar­gent and Gules, Barry of six counterchanged. By the name of Wolkenburgh.

B three Flowers de lis O over all a Bend G charged with a Chief, and Dalphine B. This is quartred By A­dolph de Bourgongne Lord of B [...]ures in France.

LI. He beareth Argent a Cheveron Gules, charged with four Barruletts, Or. Born by the name of Hoe. Here though the opening of the Cheveron below, seems to make the two bottom Barrs into four, yet for all their dividing, they are still in Blazoning but two, see­ing they stand one opposit to the other.

B on a Cheveron A three Barrs waved G between three Lyons passant of the second. Born by Ruse.

LII. He beareth Gules, a Bend Losengy Argent, and Beazantie enterposed. Born by the name of du Dril. Some will Blazon it, Lozengs and Bea­zants one after an other conjoyned, for the making of a Bend, or in Bend.

A such a Bend of Losenges and Roses alternately di­sposed G is born by Van Alten of Brunswick.

LIII. He beareth Gules, a Bend Sinister Daun­cett, Gobony, Argent and Azure. Born by the name of Van Ban. Others will term it dauncett of so many points or pieces: now in the drawing of such kind of line­ed ordinaries, you must be sure to make the points of the lower to answer the higher, and the division of it to run [Page 102] cross the Bend from point to point, else it is not rightly made. The German Heraulds though they make this kind of Bend or Fesse, but of one colour, yet they will draw lines over it after this manner.

G such a Bend Sinister A between two Lions ram­pant to that side O is born by Edlibachen.

G the like, between two Lions rampant to the Sinister O is Born by Van Diesbach.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Bend dauncett, Sable, Cotized with the like Gules. Born by the name of Kendall. If the Bend and Cotizes be composed of one and the same sort of Line, whither Waved, or Dauncett, (for they are the principle concerned herein) you must be sure in the composing of them, to make the points to an­swer one the other else it will look with a deformed aspect This is a thing some Painters litle observe, for so it go in and out, (Like Hob and Iohn) it matters not how the Angles are Scituated, it serves them, & those for whom it it is made.

LV. He beareth Or, three Bend Gules, one a Chief Sable, Supported with an other Ermine, as many Flowr de Luces, Argent. By the name of Norman. Some term this a Chief with a Fillet on the neither side. See chap. 3 numb. 43.

LVI. He beareth Argent, a Wiure nebulee between 2 Cotizes, Gules. Is born by the name of Chelrey. Some term this a Barulet Nebulee, other a Wyer flexed and re­flexed several times. See chap. 9 numb. 21 49.

LVII. He beareth Gules, a point in point, or a point pointed to the Chief Argent, on the dexter side, a Bea­zant, and on the Sinister, over all a Bend Sinister changed by the Field and charge, of the second and Sa­ble. Born by the name of Mayheir. Some will blazon it a point pointed extending from the Base to the Chief, between a Beazant, and a Bend Sinister Counterchanged of the Field or charge.

G such a point A on the dexter side issuing out from the Base thereof, an Elephant Snout flexed and reflexed B flory on the out part O. on the Sinister, a Swans foot Couped in the thigh, extending to the Base of the Esco­chion, and counter coloured according to its position of the second, and S. Is born by the name of Freher. When a thing is thus set over the Field, and charg it is by the best Artists term a Swans leg (or what else it is) Jessants. See lib. 2 chap. 7 numb. 26.

LVIII. He beareth Gules, a Bend edged and In­graled, Or. By the name of Landgarn.

☞ Here is an example of a Bend, that hath three parts, first the Bend it self, then the edging which is made by drawing of an other score on each side, and lastly an Ingraleing from it, as if it were an other edging under all, yet all but of one colour or mettlle, only distinguish­ed by the stroakes of a Pen or Pencill. This may also be Blazoned, a Bend Ingraled, Surmounted of an other, & charged with the same, all Or.

G the like O between six coronetts, the circles revers­ed, or turned to the Bend O. is Born by the name of Elsas of Bavaria.

LIX. He beareth Argent, a Bend Gules, Masculed and Edged, Or. Born by the name of Rodestein. Som­times the Bend Masculee and edged, have the Field colour seen through the Mascles, then it is termed only a Bend Mascled and edged; which edge make it an even Bend, else it would stand out in corners. See chap. 7 numb. 116 and chap. 9 numb. 118.

LX. He beareth quarterly Gules, and Or, a Fesse of the same, and a Bordure counterchanged of the Field: Born by the name of Audomius Chancellor of France, Archbishop of Roan and Abbot of Rebez.

LXI. He beareth Gules, a Bordure Or, and a Pale Argent. Born by the name of Lautern: and is the City or States Armes so called, in Almane. Here the Bordure contrary to its usuall way, doth give place to the Pale, as being over, or upon it; the like is done by a cross as you may see in the next example.

LXII. He beareth Vert, a Bordure Engraled Ar­gent, a Cross over all, Or. Born by the name of Lu­ell. The like I sind Born by Phillip Prince of Savoy and Count of Genevey: viz. G a Bordure O and cross A.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, four Barrs Azure, a Bordure rebated or cut off in the Chief, compony, Or and Gules. By the name of Choller. In this the Bor­dure gives place to no ordinary, but is diminished in the chief by the plaine Field.

A three Barrs G such a Bordure Compony counter­changed. Is born by Tangel.

LXIV. He beareth Quarterly and per Salter, Sa­ble and Gules, a Crose counterchanged Ermine and the First. By the name of Denburgen. If the field were of one colour, then the Cross would be termed Quarterly Quartered, as in chap. 6 numb. 44 and chap. 5 numb. 57

LXV. He beareth Quarterly Gules and Argent, four Crosses counterchanged. By the name of Standing. The like bearing to this viz. Ruby and Topaz Quar­terly, four Crosses counterchanged. Is born by the Lord Cartyll, a Peer or noble man in the Kingdom of Scotland.

LXVI. He beareth party per Pale Gules and Argent, a Fesse and Pale counterchanged. By the name of Van Reideburg. Some will term this a Cross, but that it cannot be, by reason the Fesse part meeting with the Pale, is checked in its own colour, and receives an other from the Pale, and so again on the contrary side: which the Cross would not do, but by his counterchange would have one halfe from chief to Base of one entire colour, and the other side of the Cross of an other.

LXVII. He beareth Azure, a Cross double voided, Or. This Coat is quartered by the Honourable Edward Viscount Convay, and is born (or taken to be) By the name of Crevequer. Some term this a Cross voided Sarcel­led, or else Sarcelled resarcelled, that is double or twice Sawed asunder. See chap. 5 numb. 10 11.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cross double part­ed, (or four Batunes in Cross) each joyning Fret­ted, tyed or held together with an Annulett, Or. Born by the name of Tyrer. See chap. 5 nu. 82 83 some of these kind of Cross are tyed together, with cords, or Rubins.

A a Cross trible parted S. born by Skyrlowe of old termed Pale-Fece-Seve, that is a Pale and Fesse of three pieces fretted.

[Page 103]LXIX. He beareth Gules, 4 Batunes, or Staves fretted in Cross, each end Tasseled, Or. Some say Buttoned and Tasselled. This is born by the name of R [...]sh. Sometimes in Coats you may find Staves thus born in Cross or Salter with the end Flory, or Flurt, or else adorned with Flowers and variety of Leaves and Bran­ches.

Out of A Coronet such a Cross Tasselled, O. Is the Crest of Printz a Dutch Family.

LXX. He beareth Gules, a Cross couped Nowy Quadrate, Argent. Born by Coppock. In an old and Ancient M S. Wherein Coats were drawn and Blazoned, I found this kind of Cross thus Blazoned. Govlys, 3 croysys Recopyd, Gold: on a Chefe sylvyr, an Egylt splayd Sabylt. And was born by Rogas de Gar­bow. Wherein I did also observe in other Coats that our old English terms were these.

  • Wert or Synobylt for Vert.
  • Psurpel or Purpule for Purpure.
  • Sylvyr for Argent.
  • Dore or Goyld for Or.
  • Govlys or Gawlys for Gules.
  • Sabylt for Sable
  • Aseare or Asewre for Azure.
  • Armys for Armes or Armour.
  • Averlye for Semy or Powdred.
  • Armys Harnysyd f: Armes Armed
  • Berder or Bordwre for Bordure.
  • Besaunte of Gold for Beazantie.
  • Bende or Bendys for Bends.
  • Bottone for Bottony.
  • Bolt Hedys, for Bulls heads.
  • Bouckys for Bucks.
  • Berly for Barry.
  • Colorys for Colours.
  • Counter golorys, or Colerys, for Counterchanged.
  • Chefe for Chief.
  • Crossys or Croysys for Crosses.
  • Cross Crosselettys, f. cross Croslets.
  • Chefe Entte Pycche, for point pointed reversed.
  • Crosse Pale fece Newe, for Tri­ble parted, Cross fretted.
  • Corbyws for Crows.
  • Chewerond for Cheveron.
  • Chewerond daunce, for Fesse dan­cett.
  • Cokke for Cock.
  • Chefe Entty, for per Cheveron.
  • Ceckko or Checche, for Chequie.
  • Crownyd and Cheynyd, for Gorg­ed with a Crown and Chaine.
  • 2 Cheverons for parted per Cheve­ron.
  • Combattand for Assaulting or lift­ing up any sort of Armes.
  • Dismembred for Membred.
  • Dessendaunte.
  • Ermyn for Ermyne.
  • Ermynys for Ermynes.
  • Engrelyd for Ingraled.
  • Enttegrele for Engraled.
  • Enbelyse for patted per Bend.
  • Eglys for Eagles. Egylt f. Eagle.
  • Entte Pycche, for Point pointed.
  • Eyronde for Erected.
  • Embattayllyd for imbattelled.
  • Entty for per Cheveron.
  • Felde for Field.
  • Fece for Fesse.
  • Fret for Fette.
  • Fesel for Fusil.
  • Fecys for Barrs.
  • Flour de Lyce for Flower de lys.
  • Ferde Molyne for Molyne.
  • Forme for Patee.
  • Fere for Salter Molyne.
  • Gobone [...] or Gobony.
  • Gymelys for Gemelle.
  • Garbys for Garbs or Sheafes.
  • Garbys of comyn for Garbs of Co­mine.
  • Gowte for Gutte:
  • 6 Gemelys for 3 barrs Gemelle.
  • Heth-cockys for Heath-cocks.
  • Handys Bend togeddyr f: Hands Griped.
  • Harnyshyd for Armed.
  • Labellys for Lambeauxes.
  • Losengys for Mascles.
  • Levardys for Leopards.
  • Lepardys for Lions.
  • Lewcys for the Lucie Fishes.
  • Maskelyd for Mascled.
  • Molet for Mullet.
  • Maine for Hand.
  • Meane Dexter, for R: Hand.
  • Newe or Neve, for fretted.
  • Natand for Najant.
  • Owndy for Wavey or Vnde.
  • Ottrys for Otters.
  • Pelletys f: Roundlets nameing the 4 colour
  • Pecys for Quarters.
  • Point Sabyle, a Chefe Or; f: per Cheveron. O & S
  • Poynt for per Cheveron.
  • Py [...]che for Fitched.
  • Parted of 2 Colorys, f. per Fesse.
  • Pale Fece, for parting per Pale and Fesse.
  • Pynant and Sayland, for Pomell and Cross of a Sword.
  • Pomelt and Hyltte Anowyd with Gold.
  • Quartylle for Quarterly.
  • Qwartyrly or Qwartly, f. Quar­terly.
  • Powdyrdye for Semy or Powdred.
  • Revenys for Ravens.
  • Recopyd for Couped.
  • Rasyd for Enrazed.
  • Regardande for Regardant.
  • Rampande for Rampant.
  • Roys for Roes or Lynes.
  • Rowsand for Rising.
  • Seme for Semy.
  • Synettys for Swans.
  • Schoychon for Eschocion.
  • Splayed for displaid.
  • Sawtry for per Salter.
  • Swerdys for Swords.
  • Trewyt for Trevett or brandred.
  • Trew Armys, for True Armour.
  • Towre pynakelyd, & Imbatayl­lyd f. Tower roofe & Battlement.
  • Torteys for Torteauxes.
  • Trompytys or Trompylys, for Trumpets.
  • Tongys for Langued or Tongued.
  • Were for Varry.
  • Woydyd for Voyded.
  • Woyde for Void.
  • Whet­herys, Wheat Ears.
  • Woydyrs for four Quarters.

LXXI. He beareth Argent, a Cross couped, Fitch­ed per long, Gules. By the name of Pashall. This is termed Fitched per long, when the part Fitched, exceed in length much more then the other parts of the Cross: and is generally used to the Lines of division, when in length they exceed their usuall proportion. As you may see chap. 9 numb. 970.

A 3 such S a Bordure G. Is born by Chesenale.

LXXII. He beareth Gules, a Cross couped, the head or top part Fusill, and the lower Fitched, Argent. By the name of Wrycross. Other term this, a Cross Loseng in the head, couped in the stems, and Fitched in the fourth to bottom.

B an Armed Arme, Flected, in form of a Roman V be­tween 3 such, one in Chief, and two in Base A. And is born by Kirch.

[Page 104]LXXIII. He beareth Gules, a Cross Molyne Invertant, Or. By the name of Mounsewys. This Cross much resembles the Molyne, or Pomette; saving in this, the cut, or sawed ends, so turn themselves inward that they appear to be Escrowles rolled up. Some term it Molyne the ends roulled up.

LXXIV. He beareth Or, a Cross Quarterly Quartered, couped, the ends Sarcelled and reverted, Gules. Born by the name of Hofwart. This is also like the Cross Molyne.

☞ But here you must take notice, that if the turn­ed down ends, were turned up again, it would then be no other then a Cross couped, but the turning of the ends, maketh it resemble a Molyne, which it is much different from.

LXXV. He beareth Gules, a Cross Potence, Po­melled, and Fitched in the foot of the fourth, Argent. This is Born by the name of Dildill.

LXXVI. He beareth Sable, a Cross couped, parted, each end Flower de Lucy, or adorned with the chief part of a Flower de luce, Argent: Born by the name Hawell. Some take this to be a Cross potent Flurt, but I rather take the crossing of the ends, to belong to the Flo­wer de lis, then to be any thing of the potent. As you may see chap. 5 numb. 13 54 55. Where the potent is far smaller then this, this haveing the full thitkness of a Cross; and therefore may fitly be termed a Cross Flo­wered with de Luces.

S such a Cross and Semy de Billets A. Is born by Sir, Iohn Norrys of Glocestershire in time E. 1.

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Cross potent, the end rounded, Gules, Surmounted of a Cross couped (or a plain Cross) Or. By the name of Croshier. This Cross is also born voided per Cross, that is the form of a Cross cut out of the middle of it, the out sides still remain­ing entire. Which some Artists term a Cross potent re­coursie but that cannot properly be in this, because the po­tent ends are not voided, but only the midle cross part, and that which it is voided off, is only a plain or couped Cross. See chap. 5 numb. 5.

G 3 such voided Crosses O a Chief varrey Er. and Ers. Is born by Verney of Compton Mordack in the County of Warwick.

LXXVIII: He beareth Gules, a Cross Pometee voided, Or. Born by the name of Braunston. The like to this I find born by the name of Verney of Belton in the county of Rutland. Viz. Gules 3 such Or, a chief Var­rey▪ See more of Crosses voided chap. 5 numb. 10 11.

LXXIX. He beareth Sable, a Cross patee Pome­tee, Or; charged with another Formy. By the name of Motson. This is also born voided per Cross Patee, viz Gules three such Crosses Patee Pometee voided, or recour­sie, Or; a Chief Varrey. Born by Verney.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, a Cross Patee Mo­lyne, Azure. Born by the name of Lannoy. This Cross nearly resembles that mentioned chap. 5 numb. 59. But there is as much difference between them, as the Cross Pa­tonce, & Cross Flory: for that is a Cross Pa [...]ee double fiitch­ed of all four, yet the points turn not. but this of Patee Mo­lyne hath the points turned half round like to the Molyne. Chassanaeus in his Gloria mundi fol. 54 call this a Cross Nyle.

O the like G. Is born by the Count de la Feuillade in France.

LXXXI. He beareth Gules, a Cross of the Capi­tals of four Pillars, Argent, Flurty and a Leopards head Iessant, Or. By the name of Van Harragdorf. This is a Cross composed of 4 pillar Heads of the com­mon order, having only 2 Rings or Swelling frizes. And the term Jessant, is used to shew that the charg born is both upon the ordinary and Field. as lib. 2 chap. 7 numb 26.

Such a Cross O upon a Cross G. Is born by the Arch-Duke of Austria.

LXXXII. He beareth Sable, a Cross triparted and Fretted, Argent. Born by the name of Skyrlowe. This in old time was Blazoned Une Croyse de Sylvyr Pale Fece Neve.

LXXXIII. He beareth Gules, a Cross (or long Cross) with a Semy Circle, or Fallow of a Wheel conjoyned to the top of it, Argent. By the name of Rycalle de Almayne.

LXXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Staffe with Molyn ends Bendwise, Surmounted of an other in Salter, Argent. By the name of Aurele. This is like the Salter Molyne mentioned chap. 6 numb. 49. But it is much different from it.

G such a bearing between 4 de lis O. Is born by Ar­borio a Kt. of the order of Savoy.

LXXXV. He beareth Argent, a Caterfoil in Sal­ter, V. Born by the name of Vtzingen. This is also termed 4 leaves conjoyned in Salter.

LXXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Cheveron revers­ed, Gules, Supported, or Sustained by an other, Or. Is born by the name of Yedding.

LXXXVII. He beareth Or, 3 Cheveronells Gules, a Chief removed, of three pieces, of the second. Born by the name of Freemin de Cocherell, a French Familey.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Cheveron Agent, double fretted, Sable. Born by Strongberg. This I term double Fretted, because it hath more rowes then is needfull for an ordinary, which makes it so thick and strong that little of the Cheveron is seen. Such a like Che­veron Gules, double Fretted Or, in a Field parted pe Pale Indented Sable and Ermine. Is born by Mackworth of Empingham in the County of Rutland.

LXXXIX. He beareth Azure, a Cheveron, Or, Fret­ed, Gules. By the name of Feld. This is the common and usuall way of Fretting this kind of ordinary, which as it bends both ways, the staves run along it and meet Sal­terwise, which in all other ordinaries, as Crosses, Chiefs, Bends, Fesses Barrs, &c. (execept the Salter) it doth not, but only crosseth them.

XC. He beareth Vert, a Cheveron Gules, Laticed Sable. by the name of Weyers. This is of some termed Perculas­ed: And is in all respects quite contrary to the Frettee, for being on the Cheveron and Salter, the Staves or Batunes are drawn Perpendicular, and Streight over Cross. As the example: But on all other ordinaries, as [Page 105] Crosses, Chiefs, Bends, Fesses, Barrs, &c. The Staves, run a long the ordinaries (on which there is never less then two) which are again crossed at the like equal distance by lines or Staves over cross the ordinaries.

XCI. He beareth Argent, a Cheveronell with a Mascle Head or Top, (or the top Fretted over in the form of a Mascle) in Base a Cross Patee Gules. This is in a Glass Window in a Chappell, on the South side of the Chancell of Okeham in the County of Rutland. And is taken to be a Merchant Marke.

XCII. He beareth Argent, a Pallet and Barrulet conioyned in Chief, and in Base a Roman W whole at the top, Sable. This I find to be a part of a Seal, as al­so to be in the Glass Windows of the old Hall of the Hos­pitall of Okeham in Rutland shire, with this writting in a circle about it: Will'mus Dalby fundator istius Hospitalis.

XCIII. He beareth Or, a Cross Patee Sarcelled in the bottome, in form of a [...] Reversed. This is Born by the name of Vpingham.

XCIV. He beaeth Party per Pale on the first, or Dexter side, Or: per Cheveron in Chief Azure, a Plate: in Base a Fesse Vert. The Sinister side counter-opposite, counter-changed. By the name of Hibisch. The same Coate is born by [...]ibisch, by chang­ing the Plate into a Leopard head with a Ring in his mouth. Some doe Blazon this, (not takeing notice of the devision of the Field) Quarterly; but it cannot be so termed, in regard the partition Scores per Fesse are not e­qually set, but one above, and the other below in each side, and that makes the Fesse, or Barre, to be one in Chief, the other in Base, which otherwise would be termed a Fesse and Barre without any other additions. Others Blazon it, per Pale Azure, a Plate, two points dexter and sinister, with a Base point Or, charged with a Barulett Vert, the Sinister side in all parts counter-changed.

XCV. He beareth party per Pale, Argent, and Sa­ble, 3 Annuletts conjoyned, in the same, Or; a Chief ingrailed, parted per Fesse imbattelled, Argent and Azure. Is born by the name of Hillbachen.

Per Pale O and G such a chain S. Is born by Knip­pinck.

XCVI. He beareth Argent, a Squire in point, from Fesse to Sinister Chief; & a Base point, Gules. By the name of Sweybrook.

XCVII. He beareth parted per Bend Sinister, Gules and Sable, a Pile issueing out of Dexter Base in point, Bendwise, Argent. By the name of Balndorf. some do term this a point pointed in point, from Dexter Base, to Sinister Chief. others say, Triparted per point pointed from Base Bendwise Sinister.

G the like A. Born by Blanckenstein.

Per Bend Sinister B & G the like A. Born by Walssen.

XCVIII. He beareth Argent, a Pile of five points in Bend Sinister, Sable. Born by the name of Piller.

B a Pile of 3 points out of Dexter Base in Bend A. By Burrendorf.

XCIX. He beareth Or, a Pile of five points, proceed­ing from the middle of the Chief and Sinister side in Bend Sinister, Gules. By the name of Collinham.

C. He beareth Argent, a Pale Losengie con­joyned Gules. By the name of Lee. This Losenged I term conjoyned, because they are thick and strongly set together by an unskilfull hand: whereas Artists make the points but only to touch one the other as you may see chap. 4 numb. 50 52. This is also Blasoned A two Voyders endented of three points.

CI. He beareth Argent, two Piles Barwise, parted per Fesse, Gules and Azure. By the name of G [...]lb.

CII. He beareth Azure, six Pales issuing out of Base conjoyned, and extending to the sides of the Escochion, Fitched on the tops, Or. By the name of Murpale. they resemble the Pales of a Garden wall. As chap. 9. numb. 94.105.

Out of a Coronett, eight such O and A inter-chang­able. Born by Arnburg as his Crest.

CIII. He beareth Gules, two Piles Barwise Argent with as many on the Sinister side, counterchanged. By by the name of Troller. This is by others Blazoned, a pale Losengie in point, or extending to the sides, or uttermost limits of the Escochion; but by that no Arms Painter shall ever trick out this Coat aright; first because there is no certain number of Losenges, or Fusils mention­ed, So that 4 5 or six may be drawn, which make it not the same Coat. Again there is no notice take, or men­tion made, of the demy Fusils both in the Chief and Base of the Escochion, which must be in this, though they may be omitted in the Pale or Bend Lose [...]gie.

☞ Therefore take notice, that when Losenges ex­tend thus in point, they are not to be Blazoned Losenges or Fusills, but Piles traversed and counter-traversed Barwise: in which one Pile with its apposit Pile, make one Losenge, two Piles makes three Losenges, four Piles makes seven Losenges, and five makes nine Losenges; be­sides the demy ones in Chief and Base.

CIV. He beareth, parted per Fesse, Azure and Or. three Piles solide and triangular, couped in Fesse Argent, a File of three Lam [...]eaux per long, of the second. By the name of Matravers. Some term these, three-square Piles or Tetragonell Piramides re­versed in Fesse, because the thickness of them are seen, besides they are couped and take their beginning there, and so proceed to the Base. And the Lambeauxes, I term per long by reason they extend to the Fesse con­trary to what we draw them now, though anciently they were by us English men thus made.

Parted per Pale indented Ermine and Azure, and per Fesse Gules, three such Piles in point, Argent. Is born by the name of Seton.

CV. He beareth Gules, a File with three Labells in Fesse, counterposed with an other, the points erected, Argent. By the name of de la Hespaules. This Coat is also Blazoned, two Files in Fesse, the higher have­ing the Labells erected: or two Files in Fesse endorsed, or contrary turned. Yet others will, and do constantly term this, a Barre Gemellee (or Fesse voided) Patee.

☞ This is a French bearing, and besides the rarity of the Coat, I have caused it to be set in this place, to shew the several ways Countreys and Kingdoms have in [Page 106] makeing of these Lambeauxes. The former example shews how our ancient English did make them, that is straight and even all a long; from which our modern Heraulds have a little varied by makeing the bottom part a little broader Patee-wise, as the examples chap. 8 numb. 4 5 6 &c. And Gwilliams [...]ol. 40 42 contrary whereunto, the French make theirs, short and thick, Dove­tail like, as them in this Quarter doth manifest, and chap. 3 numb. 17. The German and Dutch contrary to both for these make theirs, thick and short, and all of a breadth to the File the hang at, as in the next example. and chap. 8 numb. 8.

CVI. He beareth Argent, a File of three points, the middle per long (or exceeding the other in length) Sable. This is rhe Dutch way of makeing them, save here in we must except the middle, which is longer then they use them; this being a French Coat drawn after the Dutch way. And is born by the name of Maquis.

CVII. He beareth Sable, three Piles wavey Fitch­ed at both ends, Argent. This was born by Sir, Percy­vall Sowdan, an Ancient Baron or Noble man in Wales, as I find it mentioned in an old M S. Some term them (Fitched also on the top) for naturally the Pile is sharp in the bottom, therefore to signifie its sharpness at both ends, they Blazon it as I have said.

CVIII. He beareth Pally of six Crenelle, Argent, and Gules. Born by the name of Sapaller.

CIX. He beareth Azure, two Wivres Nebulee counter-nebulee Invecked, Sable. Is born by the name of Gob [...]rd. In the old times this was termed a Viure Anewyd. See chap. 9 numb. 21.

Party per Pale A and S a Wivre of the same in Pale, Or. Born by Fischcoke.

A the like Cheveron wise, or in form of a Cheveron between three Bulls faces, G Born by the name of Wor­thelyne.

CX. He beareth Argen, two Barrs Crenelle A­zure, Edged, Or. Born by the name of Mauvice.

Sol. four Barrs Crenelled, voided through out (or in all parts) Marrs, is the King of Macedonias Caot of Armes.

Barry of eight Crenelle, (or three Barrs Crenelle) Sol and Mars. Is the King of Siria's Coat.

CXI. He beareth Barry of six, Argent and Gules, every other with one Battlement on the top and coun­ter. battelled, under, and and masoned Sable. Is born by the name of Van Olsey.

CXII. He beareth Cinque parted per Barr (or the Field divided into five equall parts) each parted per Fesse Imbattelled (or counter-imbattelled) Azure and Or. by the name of Gynet. This may also be Blazoned Bar­ry of ten, the first and every other counter-imbattelled, Azure and Or.

Barry of four (or Catterparted) each divided per Fesse imbattelled per long B and A. a Base point of the first. Is born by the Lord of Gyvec in France.

Barry of eight the 2 4 6 and 8 counter-battelled▪ Argent and Azure. Is Born by Marschal Van Oberndorf.

CXIII. He beareth Barry of six Argent and Azure, six Flower de Luces issuant, Or. By the name of Grey. These are termed issuant, because joyned to the score, and but half seen, being as it were growing up into the Field. See lib. 2 chap. 7 numb. 24.

CXIV. He beareth parted per five Barewise, Or & Azure, (or else say, Or two Barrs Azure) Flower de Luces issuant and contrary posed counter-changed By the name of Golding.

CXV. He beareth Barry of four Argent and Sable, on a Chief Gules, 3 Battellement Battelled imba­telled isiuant, Flurty on the tops, Or. By the name of Whischa. Otherwise term the Chief, charged with 3 Grieces, each having as many Heights, or Steps. Others thus, a Chief, in the Base thereof three Mounts, with as many Grieces, the tops Flurt. Some call them three triple Grieces, or else three degrees of as many Steps.

Bendy of six O and G the like Chief O with Grie­ces Flurty, G. Is Born by the name of de Trono.

CXVI. He beareth Argent, nine Losenges Losenge­wise (or in Lo [...]enge) Gules, a Chief parted per Fesse Battelled imbattelled in point, Or and Azure coun­ter-changed. Born by the name of Gabrell.

O eight Hurts in Ovale. 1 2 2 2 1. Is born by Maximilien de Egmont.

B nine Losenges so disposed G. Is born by Van Dreb­ber of Westphilia.

G such a Chief A and S. Is born by Lenix.

CXVII. He beareth Losengie & Masculie, Gules and Or. Born by the name of Briske. This Coat is framed after that termed Losengie, chap. 7 numb. 113. But that which is counter-coloured there, is turned into a Mascle here having the Field seen through it, as it is with all such bearings. from whence some Blazon this Coat Gules, Masculie Or. As having the Mascles all o­ver the Field, which may also pass for good Blazoning.

G nine Mascles conjoyned, 3 3 3 O. or else term them 3 Pales each containing as many Mascles. These as they are drawn all over the Fied, may as well be term­ed Masculie Losengie. This Coat did (in I [...]hn Boiseau's time the French Armorist) belong to the Duke of [...]ui­mene chief Hunter to the King of France. And the same belonged to the Duke of Rohan and Mombasson.

G the Mascles a A. Is born by Pierre de Rohan Lord of Gie, and Marshall of France.

CXVIII. He beareth Losengie Gules and Uarrey, Vert and Or. By the name of Stedyrk. This is an other way by which Fields and ordinaries are Tinctured, the Field being first stricken or drawn over with lines to make it Losengie, whereof one is for a plain colour or mettle, and the next to it, to be drawn into the lines of Varrey, which always cosists of two counterchangable colours and mettles: And then after the same maner the whole Field is wrought counter-changable, one Loseng from an other.

Losengie G and Varry A and B. Is born by Waker­ley of Yorkshire.

Losengie, each Varry A and G. Is born by Trigo­ny. which kind of bearing is contrary to the other, this being first stricken into Losengie and them every one of them wrought into Varry, by lines drawn over thwart the [Page 107] corners or points of all the Losenges, as you may see by them which are before shewed.

CXIX. He beareth Chequie Bendy sinister counter changed, Argent & Sable. by the name of Cammers. This is a tincture of a Field, and may be a charge to any of the straight ordinaries, as Pales, Bends, and Fesses &c. being contrary to all heretofore described by me, this being composed of Squares, each divided Bend-wise from the Sinister to the Dexter Base corners (the others mentioned chap. 7 numb. 111 112 113 114 115. And chap. 9. numb. 111 112. Being generally divided Loseng-wise) so that in the whole, this tincture consists of so many Ben­dys, as the Chequie hath Squares in the Field.

And as this is Bendy Sinister, so on the contrary, it is also born Chequi e-Bendy Dexter. And somtime it is born Chequie Salterie, that is when each Chequie or Square is divided per Salter, and counterchanged one from the other: which of some is termed Chequie Dia­mond like. An example whereof I need not to shew, seeing it is easily conceived from this, how it is made.

CXX. He beareth Barry Bendy (or Pally Bar­ry) in Prospective, Argent and Sable. Born by the name of Prospect. Some say Prospective ways: others, by reason of the slopein of the down lines three severall ways, term it Barry and Pally Bendy towards the center in Chief.

CXXI. He beareth Agent Scaled, or Escalloped, the edges Iagged, each containing an Ermine, on a Chief Gules, two Fillets, Or. Born by the name of Beck. This is a contrary way of Escallopeing, to those formerly shewed chap. 3 numb. 113 and chap. 9 nub. 86: they being plain Scaling or Escalloping, and these having the edges cut into, as they were Scales Scaled, or Escalops Escalloped. This kind of bearing is wrought after the manner of diapering, with a deeper colour then that of the Field, as is directed chap. 7 n [...]mb. 18.

The Fillet or File to be double, or parted, is very raely found, yet Chassan [...]us in his Catallogue, Gloriae mundi, fol. 54 gives an other example of such bearing in the Coat Armour of the Earl Arthesius.

A a Bend so Scaled G. Is born by Tettenbeck

Party per Fesse, O and the like Escallopeing A in Chief a Lion Passant, Is born by Van Schwemke of West­phalia.

CXXII. He beareth Pally Argent and Gules, party per Fesse counterchanged, a Barr Fusill, and an other issuant et issuant, Or. By the name of Glasmo [...]n. This is a tincture of a Field or ordinary seldom used in England, but often in Italy and those Forreign parts, the composition wehereof is to be carefully observed, else it will not be, what it ought to be: for in the main, it consists of two Barrs Fusill, or Loseng (for the number it matters not, so the exceed three or four) the one in Fesse the other in Chief and Base, which is but one, signified by the term issuant (explained lib. 2 chap. 7 numb. 28.) From which points of the Fusills, or Losenges the Palles are to be made, else the work is not right. Some others Blazon this tincture, a Barr in Fesse, and an other issuing out of Chief and Base, Surmounting a Field Pally, and counterchanged per Fesse.

CXXIII. He beareth Azure, a Ftett doubled (or a double Frett) Quartered, Argent. Others Biazon it a Loseng, or Glass query, double fretted. This is an other way by which I have seen Fields, and half Fields adorned. This is Born by the name of Losen See lib. 3 chap. 16 numb. 87.

CXXIV. He beareth Or, a Long Cross potent pomelled of three, the other below, or the foot plain, Gules. Born by Heraclius. This I call a long Cross be­cause the bottome stem, is longer then the other parts of the Cross, whose ends are Pomelly.

The like to this Cross set upon four Grieces or Steps, was coyned upon the money of the Emperours Mauricius and Phocas with this Inscription about, VICTORIA, AUG. G. And under the foot of it these Letters, C. O. N. C▪ being that form of Cross which was used by the Iews before their destruction.

CXXV. He beareth Gules, on a Globe or Ball, a Cross fixed, whose top is Bended after the form or order of a Roman P. Born by the name of Iustin. And such a kind of Mound and Cross I find among the Roman Coyn, set forth by Iacob de Bie, which he terms a P. Set upon an Orbe crossed, which is the Hieroglyphix of the name Christ. pag. 237.

CXXVI. He beareth Gules, a Cross of Triangles, or 12 Triangles in Cross ▪ the points towards the Center, and there conjoyned, Or. By the name of Burcher.

CXXVII. He beareth Vert, a Cross on each Stem, a Saxon B. Conjoned and contrary-posed Argent. By the name of Bon-Burbell-Berge. After this manner Crosses may be made and framed soe, that the Letters joyned to it may serve to express the Bearers name, or at least the Charrcter of it.

CXXVIII. He beareth Vert, upon three Grieces or Steps in Base, a Mound, or Orbe, Argent, Insign­ed with a Cross Patriarchall Pomettee, Or. By the name of Triburbe.

CXXIX. He beareth Argent a Cross Patriarchall thrice Crossed potence the foot Lambeaured, Sable. Whether to term this a Coat or a Merchants mark I know not, but judg of it to be the later: being a symbolicall Character of the Owners name, Edw: Edwards. And so some have termed it therefrom, a Staff Potent, or a Crouch Staff Lambeuxed in the foot, having 2 Roman E. endorsed and conjoyned to the middle.

CXXX. He beareth Azure, a Cross Lambeauxed in all four, Or. Born by the name of V [...]n Poinburg.

CXXXI. He beareth Argent, a Cross of four Prun­ing Hooks contrary Imbowed, Sable. Born by the, name of Hooker. Some term these four Culters joyned to a Ball or Bullett, contrary bowed in the points.

CXXXII. He beareth Argent on a Cross Gules an Imperiall Crovn between four Cantons, Azure. This kind of bearing was upon the Regimentall Ensignes of the Lord Ferrers under King Iames 2 An: Dom. 1685. The Red Cross being over all the Ensignes, from which went another of white, as if the Red Cross were set on another; the remaining part of the said colours were four Cantons, or Squares of a Pale red. Each Captain be­ing distinguished by the number of Crowns set on the Cross.

The signification of all the Charges and Ordinaries used in Heraldry within this first Book.

  • ANNULETT is a Ring, and is the Emblem of Unity, Friendship, and love to Eternity.
  • Barr, a stop or hindrance, and signifies invention, industry and labour in Fortifying a Camp, that the Ene­my receiveth damage thereby.
  • Bevile, is broken, or a Carpenters Square moving upon a Joint, and signifies care and foresight of an action.
  • Battone, a note of Illegitimacy.
  • Bend, a Shoulder Belt, or a Scaling Ladder; it de­notes the Bearer to be the first that ascended or mounted upon the Enemies Wall.
  • Chief, a Head or Chieftain, and signifies a Senator or honourable Person.
  • Cheveron, a Barge Couple, the Gable end of a House, it signifies the atchieving of some business of moment, or the finishing of some chargeable and memorable work. Leigh, it signifies the Tire of a Womans head.
  • Cost, a Rib, the Emblem of Fortitude, Strength, and Preservation.
  • Canton, a Corner, or Cantle. It is a reward for Ser­vice.
  • Cheque, Composition, mixture; The Emblem of Unity, Peace and Concord.
  • Crenell, is Notched; and signifies Art and Care in Scaleing of Walls, or assaulting an Enemy.
  • Chaplet, a Garland, signifying Victory and Tri­umph.
  • Compony, Compounded; signifying an Agreement.
  • Co [...]ped, Cut off, the Emblem of Mortality and Ob­livion.
  • Cross, it was first bestowed on such as had perform­ed or undertaken some Service for Christ or Christian Pro­fession.
  • Dented, is Toothed like a Saw; and signifies severi­ty and Justice on Malefactors and Rebels.
  • Dauncett, is Dented, or cut in more deep.
  • Delfe, a Pit or Den, the mark of a Coward, or one that revokes his Challenge.
  • Eau, Water, this denotes Increase and Riches by Wa­ter, or Sea-faring.
  • Endorsed, signifying, help, assistance, aid, and pro­tection.
  • Erazed, Rent or Torn, and is an Emblem of Strength, Force and Violence.
  • Escochion, a Shield or Target, and signifies Defence and Safety.
  • Escochion of pretence, signifies the Bearer and his Heirs claim to the Mothers Inheritance.
  • Fesse, a Girdle both of Honour, and for Military Service, signifying Equity and Justice.
  • Fillet, that which Women bind up their Hair withal, signifying Obedience.
  • File, is a Plait in a Garment, and signifieth servitude and subjection of Children.
  • Fimbriated, Hemmed, Garded; the emblem of hu­mility, and an amicable Spirit.
  • Fitched, is made sharp to fasten, and signifies stabili­ty, constancy, and perpetual aid.
  • Flasque, a Bow bent, signifies Vertue, Learning and Service in an Ambassage.
  • Flanch, the Flank or Buttock of a Man, signifying Rest and Ease.
  • Formey, Broad. See Pattee.
  • Fusills, Skains of Yarn, the Emblem of Invention and Industry.
  • Giron, is a Lap, or the space between the Thighs cal­led the Groin; and is the Emblem of Unity, Peace and Concord.
  • Gemell, a Twin, signifying Amity and Friendship.
  • Gobony, Gobonated, cut in Morsels or Gobbetts.
  • Gore, a thing belonging to a Womans Smock.
  • Gusset, a thing belonging to a Shirt or Shift.
  • Gutte, a Drop; the Emblem of Plenty and Increase.
  • Humett, a Table, a Tomb-stone, or Coffin; signifi­eth one that hath disarmed his Enemy.
  • Invecked, carried in, the points inward; signifying moderation and care not to hurt.
  • Ingrailed, entred or gone in; and signifies resistance.
  • Indented, full of Teeth; signifying Justice and Law against God and the Kings Enemies.
  • Inescochion denotes the Man to Shield and Protect his Wife.
  • Lambeaux, Plaits of a Garment; and signifies Uni­ty and Agreement, also subjection.
  • Larmes, Tears; the Emblem of Grief and Sorrow.
  • Labell of three points denotes Father, Mother and Heir, or Faith, Hope and Charity.
  • Mascle, a Mash of a Net, signifieth a prudent and politick deviser of Stratagems.
  • Mullett, a Meteor, Star or Spur-rowell; signifying swiftness, and the Messenger of some ill Tidings.
  • Nombrell, the Navel; the Emblem of Strength and Courage.
  • Nowy, a Fold or Knott, and signifies true Love.
  • Ogresse, a Pellet of a Gun, a Bullet; it signifies Mur­ther, Ruin and Desolation.
  • Orle, a Pillow; signifying Rest, Quietness and Content.
  • Pale, a Fence or separation, and signifieth one well skilled in Mines and Foundation of Forts and Castles; a Man of reason and Understanding.
  • Pattee, broad; and signifies to lay open a matter.
  • Pile, a Wedge, the Emblem of a sure Foundation, a stedfast support.
  • Potonce, a Crutch; a stay or support, one that will not fail in time of need.
  • Quarter, a fourth part of the Escochion, signifieth partnership in a Service.
  • Salter, an Instrument to Torture, also to Scale an Enemies Wall; is a note of Christian Profession.
  • Scarpe, a Scarfe, a Souldiers Badge of Honour.
  • Shaporne, a Hood; the Emblem of Shamefastness, Modesty.
  • Torteaur, a Cake; the Emblem of Providence and Care, having a regard to them under his Charge.
  • Uoyder, a Looking glass; and signifies one to have an aspect of danger afar off, and so seeing endeavours a safety.
Laus Deo dabitur.

An Alphabeticall Table, Containing all the Terms of Heraldry, used in this first Book Of the Academie, or Store-House of Armory.
The first figure stands for the Chapter, the next after, for the number, or numbers of that same Chapter. If an (&) come between numbers, it signifieth, that after it, an other Chapter and Number, is mentioned. If an (s) be set before a Figure, It is for Section 1 2 3 &c: of such a Chapter before it.

A
  • A. for the term Argent 3 s 7
  • Abatements. 7 39.
  • Affrontant. 9 99.
  • Alisee, 5 29:
  • Angle, 3 2 21 81 & 4 38.
    • Rect Angled, 3 2 21 81 & 4 119 & 7 67 & 9 27.
    • Accute Angled 3 3 82,
    • Angled per Fesse, 7 72
    • Quater Angled 8 74.
  • Anserated, 5 90.
  • Annulated, 5 93.
    • Annuly, 5 93.
    • Demy Annulets, 9 10.
  • Anshory, Anchored, 5 96.
    • Ancry, 5 96.
  • Antiquity of Heraulds, 1 s 2.
    • of Armes 3 s 3.
  • Aquilated, 5 90.
  • Archy, 4 47 48 58: & 9 13,
  • Arched, 3 6 28 83: & 9 10.
    • Enarched, 3 683,
    • Couchant, 4 120,
    • Double Arched, 3 7 35 63 64:
    • Archee Reversed, 7 25,
    • Trible Archee, or Tri-Archee, 7 79,
  • Arrayed, 3 58.
  • Arondy, 7 57 79 & 9 72:
  • Argent, 2 66, & 3 s 20,
  • Armes, or Coat Armour, 3 s 1.
    • of Heroick persons, 3 s 8 9: &c:
    • of what made, 3 s 2:
    • Antiquity thereof, 3 s 3 7.
  • Avellane, 5 52 53.
    • Avellane Invecked, or Inveck, 5 130.
    • Pomel Avellaned 5 126.
    • Double Avellaned, 5 127.
  • Aure 6 86.
  • Aygnisee 5 81 82.
  • Azure, 2 68 & 3 s 20,
B
  • B Stands for Azure, 3 s 20.
  • Batune, 4 4 9. &. 5 s 3 38.
  • Barre, 3 s 8 & 4 s 3 86 to 100.
  • Barrulett, 4 88 & 9 27 40,
  • Barry, 7 15 69 70 76 to 80 89, & 9 86:
  • Barry Pally, 3 94:
  • Barry Pily, 7 98,
  • Barry Bendy, 7 112 & 9 58
  • Barry Bendy Losengy 7 112.
  • Barry Losengie, 7 115.
  • Barry Nebulee, 7 117.
  • Barry Per Pale, 8 74 77 & 9 74.
  • Barry Per Frett, 9 112.
  • Barry Point in Point, 9 112.
  • Barre Gemelle, 4 92. & 9 105,
    • Per Barr & Pile, 7 76.
    • Per Barr & Cheveron, 7 77,
    • Barr & Canton, or Cantoned, 8 45,
  • Banester, 5 124:
  • Bar-Meire, 3 14 37 & 7 8,
  • Baste, or Base, 7 37,
  • Baste Barre, 7 37,
  • Battlement of a Tower, 9 22,
  • Battelled, 3 12 26 77 & 4 33 65.
    • Counter Battellee, 9 25 26 27, & 4 66.
    • Imbattelled, 3 12 13 26 36 83 & 4 99
    • Grady, 3 13 36 83,
  • Base Point, 2 73 & 8 72:
    • Dexter Base, 2 73,
    • Sinister Base, 2 73,
    • Midle Base, 2 73,
    • In Base, 9 106,
  • Bend, 3 s 8 & 4 s 1 1 to 60 & 9 99.
  • Bendlett, 4: 2 53 54 & 9 118,
  • Bend Sinister, 4 6,
  • Bend Ingraled, 4 10
    • Invecked, 4 11,
    • Waved, 4 12:
    • Voided, 4 14.
  • Bend Edged, 4 15.
    • Double Edged, 4 16,
    • Bordured, 4 17,
    • Cottized, 4 18,
    • Double Cottized, 4 19,
  • Bends Cottized, 4 21,
    • Betweene Cotizes, 4 20:
  • Bend Trible Cotized, 4 23,
    • Cotized Dauncett, 4 24:
    • Double Cotized Potentee, 4 25,
    • Pat [...]e, 4 27,
    • Potentee, 4 28
    • Vrdee, 4 29 30,
    • Champaine, 4 29 30.
    • Nowy, 4 34
    • Nowyed, 4 35,
    • Nowy Quadrate, 4 31.
    • Nuee, or Nuage, 9 72:
    • Tranchee, 9 72:
    • Brettessed, 4 32:
    • Imbattelled, 4 33,
    • Counter Battelled, 4 33,
    • Arondy, 9 72:
    • Demy Bend, 8 101,
  • Bend Debruced, or Removed, 4 37,
    • Angled, 4 38,
    • Bevile, 4 39:
    • Per Bend Iudented, 4 40.
    • Gobbony, 4 42:
    • Counter Compony 4 43.
    • Chequie, 4 44:
    • Charged, 4 45 46, & 9 18,
    • Arched, or Bowed, 4 48, & 9 13,
    • Traverse Counter-Pointed,
    • Fusile, 4 50 52:
    • Mascle, 4 51,
    • Surmounted of Another, 4 56,
    • Humett, or Cooped, 4 57,
    • Hemi-Spheare, 4 58:
    • Floried, 4 59,
    • Irradicated, 4 60.
    • Escartele Grady, 9 78,
  • Bendy, 7 82 84
    • [Page]Per Bend, 7 81 85 86 87 & 9 78 93
    • In Bend, 9 12 15 17 60 61,
    • Pally Beudy, 7 111.
    • Lolengie Bendy, 7 111 112 114:
    • Fusilly Bendy, 7 111▪
    • Barry Bendy, 7 112:
    • Bendy Barwise, 9 58,
    • Masculy Bendy, 9 118:
  • Beasant, or Beazant, 6 69 s 4:
  • Peasantee, 5 109,
  • Balls, 6 78,
  • Belt 4 85,
  • Bevile 33 82 & 4 38 & 7 73
    • Pally Beviled, 767,
    • Double Beviled, 7 62:
  • Billett. Billetts, 9 40, & 4 114:
  • Billettee, 7 14:
    • Counter Billettee, 7 14:
  • Blazon, what it Signifies, 3 55,
    • Rules of Blazon, 3 s 17 18 19.
    • Severall wayes of Blazon, 3 20
  • Bordure, 3 s 8 & 6 s 7 97 to 120 & 7 109 110 & 8 61 62 63 102
    • Per Bordure, 6 102:
    • Double Bordures, 8 86,
  • Bordured 3 46 & 4 17 & 7 & 6 9 & 7 110
  • Bordure Per Pale, 8 86
    • Imbor [...]ureing, 8 86,
    • Demy Bordure, 8 100 112 & 9 92
    • D [...]minished, 8 92
    • Determinated in Fesse, 9 92
  • Bowed, 9 90, see Imbowed.
  • Bottony, Butteny, or Botone, 5 71 & 9
    • Bottony Masculed, 9 36
    • Bottonyed, 9 56 63
  • [...]rettessed, or Brettessee, 3 7 12 26 35 63 64 76 & 4 32 68 & 6 14 15
  • B [...]isee, 6 30
  • Brisure, or Bordure, 6 97
  • Braclett, or Braslet, 9 49
  • Burst 6 39
  • Bulletts, 6 s 4 75
C
  • Calvery, 5 45 46
  • Cable, 5 110
  • Catoosed, 5 128 129
  • Canelee, 6 104
  • Camp, 6 107
  • Campaned, 8 17
  • Campanes, 8 17
  • Canton, 3 114 to 119 & 8 102 & 9 101
    • Sinister, 3 115
    • In Base Sinister, 3 16
  • Cantoned, 8 19 20
    • Barr Contoned, 8 45
    • Lambeaux Cantoned, 8 19 20
  • Center, 9 44
  • Chiefe Point, 2 73
    • Dexter Chief, 2 73 & 3 101
    • Midle Chief, 2 73
    • Sinister Chief, 2 73
  • Chief, 3 s 26 10 20 to 51 & 8 51
    • Angled, or Rect Angled, 3 21
    • Bevile, 3 22
    • Cooped 3 23
    • Cooped Bevilewise, 3 24 & 6 46
    • Escarteled, 3 25
    • Inclave, 3 27,
    • Imbattelment, 3 26
    • Imbattelled, 3 36
    • Arched, 3 28
    • Double Arched, 35
    • Indent, 3 29
    • Indented, 3 32 39
    • Patee, 3 30 42
    • Invecked, 3 31:
    • Wavey, 3 33
    • Removed 3 45 & 8 115
    • Nowy, 3 34
    • Potonce.
    • Counter Potonce 3 37
    • Champaine, 3 38
    • Vrdee, 3 38
    • Nebulee, 3 40
    • Rayed, or Raisie, 3 41
    • Surmounted, 3 45
    • Bordured, 3 46
    • Per Fesse, 3 47
    • Charged, 3 48
    • Shapournett, 3 48
    • Point in Point Dented, 3 50
    • Quarterly, 3 51:
    • Supported, 3 43 & 9 99
    • Fierced, 9 107
  • In Chief, 3 104 & 9 75
  • Per Chief, 3 20
  • Cheveron, 3 s 26 & 6 1 to 41
  • Cheveron Couchant, 9 18 19 20 & 6 18 19 20.
  • Cheveron Arch, 6 36
    • Demy Cheveron 6 31
    • Per Cheveron, 7 91
    • Per Pale & Cheveron, 7 92 96
    • Per Pile & Cheveron, 7 95
    • Per Fesse & Cheveron, 8 59
    • Cheveron & Fesse, 8 118 & 9 50
  • Cheverons Palleted, 8 119
    • Coupled 8 55 & 9 95
  • Cheverouy, 7 94
  • Cheveronell 6 3
  • Cheveron in Point Imbowed 9 46
    • Reversed, 9 47
    • Grady, 48
    • Potent Counter - Potent, 9 46
    • Pierced, 9 106
  • Champaine, 3 6 18 38 71 83 & 4 29 30 47 & 7 25 84 109
  • Champion, 3 6 18 28 83 & 9 70
  • Charged, 5 7 8 9 & 9 61 111
  • Chequie, 4 44 & 6 109 & 7 13
  • Chappe, 7 57 59
  • Chaplett 9 49
  • Chapourn [...]tt, 9 1 3 48. se Shapournett,
    • Reversed, 6 1
    • Crested, 84
    • Chapournated, 9 84
  • Chaperon, or Chapourn 9 115
  • Closett, 4 87
  • Clechee, 5 5 10 72 81 & 6 10
  • Cloche, or Cleschee, 5 s 3 38 80 81
  • Clavied 5 114
  • Cloudy Inward, 3 9
  • Colours of Armes or Shields 2 s 9
    • Signification of Colours, 2 s 20
    • Derivitive Colours, from them, 2 s 24
    • Worthyness of Colours, 2 s 34
    • Colours of Coats Armour, 2 s 13
  • Composition of Ordinaries, 3 s 28
  • Coupe Parted, 9 98
  • Commisse, 5 105
  • Couple 4 92 & 6 4
  • Coupled 8 44
  • Couple-Close, 6 4
  • Cost, or Cotize, 4 22 59 & 9 118
  • Cotized, 4 18 20 21 94 & 3 67
    • Double, 4 19 25
    • Treble, 23
    • Cost Nebulated, l: 2 c: 18 3
  • Concave, 3 6 83 & 6 28
  • Convex, 3 6 28 83
  • Convexed, 7 51
  • Con [...]oyned, 3 98 & 8 114 & 9 3 55 94 104
  • Capitall, 9 37
  • Conyd, 3 105 & 6 109 & 7 26 28
    • Contrary Coonyd, ut ante & 9 79
  • Cooped, or Couped, 4 57 63 64 & 8 2 8 10 114 & 3 23 24 95 98 & 9 49 91
  • Coronall, 5 70
  • Coronated, 5 124 129
  • Couped Fitched in all, 82 116 & 9 53
  • Coppee, 6 27 & 4 6 43 108
  • Cornished, 5 118 119 120 & 9 37
  • Couched, or Couchant, 4 120 & 6 18 36 37 & 9 10
    • In Point, 6 20 38
  • Commixt, 8 s 5
  • Composed, 8 113
  • Conjunged, 9 3
  • Corded, 5 15
  • Compony, 6 107 & 4 43
  • Compon, 6 107
  • Coursie, 5 6
  • Counter Flory, 4 36 73 78 83 104
  • Counter Potentee, 4 100 & 7 117
    • Potent, 3 14 37 & 4 100
    • Pometee, 9 117
    • Scallopee, or Scalloped, 9 86
    • Pendant, 9 12
    • Nebulee, 7 117
    • Changed, 7 90 103 & 9 47 74 90
    • Gobony, 6 108
    • Camp, 6 108
    • Compony, 6 108 & 4 43
    • Battelled, 4 65 67
    • Flurty, or Flowered, 4 36 78 83
    • Turned, 6 19
    • Pointed, 6 19 & 4 49
    • Couchant, 6 20 33
    • Billitee, 7 14
    • Posed, 7 26 28 & 9 102
    • Escarteled, 7 33
  • Contra Nuage, 9 86
  • Contrary Vrdee, 9 70
    • Invecked, 6 100
    • Composed, 8 82
  • Cross, 2 s 26 & 5 1 to 132
    • Per Cross, 5 2
    • In Cross, 9 55
  • Cross Couped, 5 3 4 & 8 2 116
    • Pierced, 5 3
    • Pierced Losengwayes 5 s 2
    • Pierced Quarterly, 5 s 2
    • Recoursie, 5 5 & 6 10
    • Recoursie Couped, 5 6
    • Cours [...]e Voided, 5 6
    • Clechee, 5 5
    • Vmbrated, 5 6
    • Fimbrated, 5 6
    • Couped Fimbrated, 5 7
    • Couped Bordured, 5 7
    • [Page] Surmounted, 5 8
    • Edged, 5 8
    • Voided, 5 10
    • Sarcelled, 5 10
    • Voided Couped, 5 11
    • Resarcelled, or Recersile, 5 12 63
    • Parted, 5 13
    • Porferated, 5 13
    • Quartered, 5 13 57
    • Crossed, 5 19
    • Corded, 5 15
    • Waved, or Watery, 5 14
    • Barry Nebulce, 5 16
    • Interlaced, or Fretted, 5 17
    • Brettessed, 5 19
    • Creuelle 5 20
    • Raguled, 6 20 21
    • Truncked, 5 21
    • Nowy, 5 22
    • Nowy Losengie, 5 22
    • Nowy Quadrat, or Square, 5 22
  • Cross Patee, or Formy, 5 s 2 23
    • Patee Embrated, 5 24
    • Patee Fitched, 5 35
    • Patee Fitched Rebated, 5 27
    • Patee Concaved, 5 28
    • Patee Rebated, or Blemished, 5 28
    • Patee Alisee, 5 29
    • Patee Globicall, 5 29
    • Patee Fixed, 5 30 31 & 9 44
    • Patee Invecked, 53 32
    • Patee Crossed, 5 3
    • Patee Escartelle, 2 44
    • Patee Flurt, 5 34.
    • Formy Floury, 5 34:
    • Patee Fitchee, 5 35.
    • Patee Fitchee Disjoynt, 5 36:
    • Patee Double Rebated, 5 37,
    • Patee Bottony, 9 36▪
  • Crost Potent, 5 s 3 38 40:
    • Potent Crossed, 5 39,
    • Potent Flurt, 5 54:
    • Poent Ingraled, 5 55.
    • G [...]melle, 5 39.
  • Cross Croslet, or Crosset, 5 41.
    • Recrossettee, 5 41.
    • Crucelett, or Crossie, 5 41,
    • Croslett Crossed, 5 43:
    • Croslett Fitched, 5 42:
    • Double Crossed, 5 43,
  • Cross Griece, 5 45 46.
    • Calvery, 5 45,
    • Patriarchall Grieced, 5 47:
  • Cross Floury, or Flury, 5 s 4 50:
    • Flory or Flouree, 5 50 51 54:
    • Flurt, or Flurty, 5 54 55,
    • Patonce, 5 48,
    • Avellane, 5 52 53.
    • Humett, or Cooped Flurty, 5 56,
    • Quarterly Quartered Flurty, 5 57.
  • Cross Double Fitched, 5 s 5 58 59,
    • Patee Double Fitched, 5 49.
    • Patee Furche, 5 59,
    • Anchorites, 5 59:
    • Furche or Furchee, 5 60,
    • Forked or Pitchee, 5 60:
    • Fitched of all foure, 5 35 58:
    • Double Fitched Rebated, 5 61 62:
    • Chappee 5 60
    • Couped and fitched of all, 8, 2,
  • Cross Moline 5, s 6, 63, 64,
    • Sarcell, 5, 63,
    • Encree, 5 63:
    • Reversyd, 5 63:
    • Fer de Molyne, 5 65,
    • Molyne Rebated, 5 66 67.
    • Miller, 5 66 67:
    • Miller Rebated, 5 67.
    • Fursh, 5 67:
    • Molyne Sarcelled, or Voided, 5 87,
    • Molyne Double Rebated, 5 132:
  • Cross Pomell, 5 69.
    • Pomettee, 5 70 & 9 36,
    • Double Pomelled, 5 70:
    • Bottony, or Butteny, 5 71:
    • Pomell Avellaned, 5 126:
  • Cross Losengy, 5 75 76:
    • Mascle, 5 72:
    • Clechee Pomette, 5 72:
    • Thoulouze, 5 72 & 9 36:
    • Mascle Vmbrated 5 73:
    • Entrailed, or Pur [...]led, 5 73:
    • Patee Fusile, 5 73:
    • Fusill, 5 78
    • Fusilly, 77,
    • Fusill Rebated, 5 79:
  • Cross Vrdee, 5 80.
    • Champaine, 5 80
    • Mateley 80:
    • Aygnisee, 5 80:
    • Cleschee, 80:
    • Verdee, 5 80:
    • Vrdee Recoursie, 5 81.
    • Vrdee V [...]ided, 5 21.
  • Cross Parted, 5 s 8 13 & 7 107 & 8 82:
    • Double Parted, 5 82 & 9 40:
    • Triparted, 5 82 84:
    • Double Parted Fretted, 5 83:
    • Batunes Fretted, 5 83:
    • Double Parted Flory, 5 85 86:
    • Double Parted Voided Flory, 5 87.
    • Sarcele, or Resercilee, 5 87.
    • Miller Voided Disjoyned, 5 87.
    • Triparted Flory, 5 88 89:
    • Anserated, or Gringolee, 5 90 131.
  • Cross Annulated, 5 s 9:
    • Rebated Annuled, 5 91 92▪
    • Annuly, or Annuletty, 5 93.
    • Cressanty, 5 94:
    • Couped Cressanted, 5 95,
    • Pomelled & Cressanted, 5 95.
    • Anchored, or Anchory, 5 96:
    • Demy Annuly Inverted, 5 96:
    • Noched, 9 44:
  • Cross Nowyed Degraded, 5 97,
    • Nowyed Grady Fixed, 5 97,
    • Grady Pomelled, 5 98:
    • Nowyed Losengie, 5 99:
  • Cross Potence Rebated, 5 100.
  • Cross Partriarchall, 5 101 & 9 37.
    • Patriarchall Charged, 5 102:
    • Patriarchall Patee, 5 103:
    • Patriarchall Patee Flory, 9 43:
  • Cross Patee Lambeaux, 5 104:
    • Patee Fitchee Lambeauxed, 5 104:
  • Cross Lambeauxed Rebated, 9 42:
  • Cross Taw, or Tau, 5 105:
    • Commisse, 5 105:
  • Cross Portant, 5 106:
    • Portante Double, 5 107,
    • Portante Raguled & Trunked 5 108,
    • Loug Cross Raguled &c: 5 108,
  • Cross Beazantee, 5 109:
    • Cable, or Cablee, 5 110.
    • Chaines, 5 111,
    • Snagged, 112:
    • Moline & Patee, 5 113:
    • Double Clavied, 5 114:
    • of Queene Ermine, 5 115:
    • Caterfoiles, 5 116
    • of Pomells, 117.
  • Cross Cornished, 5 118 120: & 9 37,
    • Cornished Flurt, 5 119:
    • Crownated, or Crowned, 5 121,
    • Quarterly, 5 122:
    • Banister, 124
    • Moline per Cross, 5 123:
    • Fruitagee, 5 125:
    • Catooseed, 128
    • Masc [...]le [...], or Mascle Fruitagee, 5 127
    • Double Fruitagee, 5 127,
    • Pomety Avellane, 5 126:
    • Double Avellaney, 5 127,
    • Potonce Flowred, 5 128:
    • Pomell Crownated, 5 129.
    • Avellane Double Pomette, 5 130:
    • Avellane Inveck 5 130:
  • Cross Double, 5 62 107,
  • Cross Capitall, 9 37,
    • Tholose, 36:
    • Pomelled Moline, 5 126 & 9 35:
    • Pendall, 9 38
    • Spindle, 38:
    • Patriarchall La [...]beaux, 9 42:
    • Lambeaux Rebated, 9 42:
    • Patriarchall Patee Flory, 9 43:
    • Patee Intire, or Fixed, 9 44:
    • Demy Scarcelled, 9 44:
    • Patee Noched, 9 44:
  • Cross & Salter, 9 89:
    • Nyle, 5 83:
  • Ierusalem Cross, 5 40 43:
  • Christs Cross, 5 45 107,
  • Knights Templers Cross, 5 45 101
  • Knights of Malta's Cross, 5 59
  • St: Iohn of Ierusalem's Cross, 5 59
  • Iesus Christ's Cross, 5 45 46 107 & l 4 o 10 16 21
  • Holy Ghost's Cross, l 4 c 10 32 47
  • St: Georges Cross, 5 2
  • St: Andrew's Cross, 6 42
  • St: Patrick's Cross, 5 2
  • St: Anthony's Cross, 5 105
  • St: Denis Cross, 5 2
  • St: Saviour's Cross, l 4 c 10 15
  • St: Dominican's Cross, l 4 c 10 37
  • Name of Iesus Cross, l 4 c 10 67
  • St: Lazares Cross l 4 c 10 48 62 67
  • St: Stephen's Cross, l 4 c 10 13
  • St: Benedict, or Bennets Cross,
  • St: Iames Cross, l 4 c 10 25
  • St: Maurice Cross, ibm, 62
  • St: Iohn [...]s Cross, ibm, 35
  • St: Thomas Cross, ibm, 36
  • [Page]St. G [...]r [...]on's Cross, ibm, 36
  • St: Blaze's Cross, idem 36
  • Knight of the Holy Bottles Cross 42
  • Knights of Brome Flowers Cross, 43
  • Christian Charitie's Cross, ibm, 26
  • Pater Noster's Cross, 8 11
  • St▪ Katherines Cross, ibm 68
  • Our Lady's Cross, l 4 c 10 21 30 60
  • Virgine Mary's Cross, ibm, 48
  • Mary Magdalen's Cross, ibm, 45
  • D' Avis Cross, l 4 c 10 17
  • Montese, or Mountaine Cross, ibm 21
  • Austria Cross, ibm, 24
  • Thenton's Teutonick Germane or Almane Cross, l 4 c 10 58
  • Livonia Cross, ibm, 28
  • Calatrava Cross, ibm, 20
  • Valentia Cross, ibm, 21
  • Lorrainee Cross, 5 101
  • Calvary Cross, 5 46 46
  • Anchorites Cross, 5 59
  • St: Iulians Cross, 6 47 41
  • Crossell, or Crossett, 5 41 42 43:
  • C [...]cell, or Cracellett, 5 41 42 43
  • Crossed, 5 19.
  • Crosl [...]tt, 5 41 42 43:
  • Per Cross, 7 104 105,
  • Creneaux, 3 12.
  • Cr [...]nelle, 5 20 21 & 3 12 26 77 & 9 70 71
  • Point in Point, 9 70,
  • Points-Pointed, 3 18 38 & 4 29 30
  • Crown Post, 9 95.
  • Cronall, or Crownall, 5 70
  • Cressanty, or Cressanted, 9 94 95
  • Crested, 3 18 38 & 9 84 116.
  • C [...]ppy, 3 14 37 & 7 8:
  • Cuppules, 4 92
D
  • Daunce [...]t, 3 16 49 67 & 4 72 73 74 &: 9 14
  • Dauncettie, 4 24
  • Dauncett Couped, 9 23 24:
  • Damasked, 7 18,
  • Dents, or Teeth, 6 101 & 7 74:
  • Dented, see Indented,
  • Dentillee, 3 15 29 32 38 47 66 & 6 104
  • Dentalls, 7 74
  • Dexter, 3 99 105 114
  • Dexter Chief, 2 73 & 3 101,
    • Side, 5 73
    • Point, 2 73
    • Base, 2 73
  • Debrused, 4 37 75 84 & 6 28 & 8 27 51 89 93 & 9 40 52 53 108.
  • Debruced Fretted, 8 93 97.
  • Degrady. or Degraded, 5 56,
  • Delfe, 9 89
  • Demy, 4 85 & 6 31 & 8 100 101
    • Bordure, 8 100 & 9 92
    • Bend, 8 101
    • Cheveron, 631
    • Sarcelled, 9 44
    • Piles, 8 101 & 9 59.
    • Annuletts, 9 10
  • Demy Pile Imbowed, 9 59
  • Diamond what it signifieth, 2 69 & 3 s 7
  • Diapared, 7 17 & 9 54
  • Disjoynted, 6 30
  • Disjoynt, 9 5 [...]
  • Dismembered, 9 52
  • Disarmed ibm:
  • Diminished, 8 s 8 & 9 92 s 8
  • Diminution, 8 s 8
  • Division, 8 113
  • Divided, 8 113
  • Double, 5 62
  • Double Edged, 4 16
  • Dovetaile, 3 17 30 42 79
  • Double Downe-Sett, 4 37 75 84 & 6 40
    • Tresure, 4 107
    • Parted, 4 96 & 5 82 88 & 9 40
    • Arched, 3 7 35 63 64
    • Fitched, 5 58 59 60
    • Fretted, 6 68
    • Beviled, 7 21
    • Escartelled, 7 23
    • Labells, 8 24
    • Dauncett, 9 14
    • Shapournett 9 19
  • Downesett, 4 37 & 6 27
  • Dragons Head, what 2 71 & 3 s 7
  • Dragons Taile, what it is ibm
  • Dropps, 6 95 s 6 see Guttes,
E
  • Eau, or Gulte de Eau, 6 90 s 6
  • Edged, 4 15 80 81
    • Double Edged, 4 16
  • Edented, 4 71
  • Edentee, 6 10
  • Entrailed, 5 73
  • Engraled, 4 10 23 56
  • Endorse, 3 54
  • Endorsed, 3 55
  • Envecked, see Invecked,
  • Enterlaced, 6 65
  • Entire, 8 44
  • Endentee. or Endenehee, 6 104
  • Enurney, 6 114 & 7 17
  • Enaluron, 6 116 & 7 17
  • Entoyre, 6 117 & 7 17
  • Engreslee, 6 99
  • Enarchee, 7 84 119
  • Enwrapped, 9 20
  • Emm [...]nchee, 3 12 15 29 32 38 47 66 & 7 74 & 8 96
    • Couped, 9 23 24
  • Emarald, what 2 70 & 3 s 7
  • Emethist, what it sig: 2 71 & 3 s 7
  • Embattelled, see Imbattelled,
  • Ermine, or Queen Ermine, 7 2
  • Ermines, 7 3
  • Ermynois, 7 4
  • Ermynites, 7 6
  • Eradicated, 8 87
  • Escochion, what it is 2 s 7
    • Pointes of an Escochion, 2 s 7
  • Escochion, 3 s 8 & 4 s 4 101
    • of Prete [...], 8 78
    • Flurt, 9 29
    • Florished, 9 28
  • Escartellee, 3 4 25 75 & 7 19
  • Escartelled, 5 61 & 9 44 57
    • Counter Escartelee, 7 33
    • Double, 7 23
    • Pointed, 7 58
    • Grady, 8 111 & 9 78 97
  • Escallopee, 7 9 & 9 86
  • Extended to Base, 8 115
F
  • Face, 3 20
  • of three Peeces, 9 100
  • Fesse, 3 s 8 & 9 9 & 4 s 2 61 to 85
  • Fesse, Point, 2 73
    • Per Fesse, 7 68 72 105 & 8 59 85 & 9 90 101 117
    • In Fesse, 8 76 & 9 9 92 96
    • Per Fesse & Pale, 7 71 & 8 76 & 9
    • Per Fesse Paly, 8 [...]6
    • Per Fesse Quarterly, 8 81
    • Per Fesse Girony, 8 81
    • Per Fesse Indented in the same, 8 117
    • Per Fesse Chief Pally, 9 82
    • Triparted in Fesse & Pale, 8 66
  • Fesse Supported, 8 87
    • Stayed, or Sustained, 8 87
    • Of three Peeces, 8 6 & 9 100 & 86
    • Rect Angled, 9 27
    • Fesse & Cheveron 8 118 & 9 50
  • Fer de Molyne, 5 65
  • Fissure, 4 8
  • Fimbrated, or Fimbriated, 5 7 26 & 6 9
  • File, 3 s 8 44 & 8 12 to 25
  • File fixed, or Extended to Base, 8 115
  • Fillett, 3 43 44 & 8 1 2 to 25 & 9 99
    • Couped, 8 2 8 10
    • Wiered, 8 25
    • Parted, 8 23
  • Figetive, 5 25 26
  • Fitcht, 9 53
  • Fitched, 3 56 57 & 5 25 26 & 9 71 105
    • Of all Foure 5 58 70 & 82
    • Double Fitched, 5 50 59 60 & 82
    • Couped & Fitched, 8 2 & 9 53
    • Fitched in the Top, 9 4
  • Fixed, 8 115 119 & 9 44
  • Flasque, 3 s 8 & 4 116
    • Voided, 9 10
  • Flanche, 4 115 s 7
  • Flanched, 9 59
  • Flammant, 3 19 41 & 9 8 11 41
  • Flaming, 3 19 41
  • Fle [...]ted, 3 6 28 83 & 7 119 120
  • Flexed Reflexed, 9 48
  • Flancked, 5 80 81
  • Flancks, 9 102
  • Flory. or Floury, 5 48 49 50 51 & 9 67
    • Counter Floury 4 36 78 83 104 & 6 120
    • In the Foot, 9 43
  • Florty, or Floritee, 4 73 83
  • Floried, 4 59 & 3 92 93
  • Flority, 4 78 83
  • Flurt, 4 78 83 & 5 54 55 56 & 8 4 & 9 29 68 69
    • Counter Flurt, 4 73 83 104
    • Point in Point, 9 67
  • Flurty, 4 83 & 5 85 to 89 & 9 13
  • Flowered, 4 83 & 9 44
  • Florished, 9 29 30
  • Fleuree, 5 71
  • Fleuronee, 5 71
  • Frett 3 s 8 & 6 s 3 56
  • [Page] Frettee, 6 57 63:
  • Fretted, 5 89 & 6 37 68 & 9 39 & 10 89.
    • In [...]rfretted, 6 65:
    • True Loves Frett, 6 68:
    • Frett Fretted, 6 68:
    • Double Fretted, 10 88 123:
    • Debrused & Fretted, 8 92 97:
    • Orle Fretted, 8 99:
    • Fretting others, 9 7:
    • Quartered, 10 123:
    • Per Frett Barry, 9 112:
  • Fracted, 3 80 & 4 75 84 & 6 28 30 & 93
  • Formy, 5 23 & 10 78 79:
  • Fourchee, 5 95:
  • Fusill, or Fusile, 4 4 50 52 & 5 77 & 6 s 5 79 80 & 9 96 & 10 103:
  • Fusilly, 4 4 & 5 77 & 7 113:
    • Patee Fusill, 5 74:
    • Cross Fusill, 5 78:
  • Fusilly Bendy, 7 111:
  • Fusil Rebated, 5 79:
  • Fursh, 5 67:
  • Farrs, or Furres, 7 s 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7:
G
  • Gartier, 4 3 59:
  • Garden Pales, 10 102:
  • Gemelle. Ge [...]ells, 4 77 79 92 94 & 9 105 & 10 32:
  • Giron, 3 s 8 s 13 105 106 & 7 100:
    • Gyron wayes, 7 118:
  • Girony, 3 107 to 112 & 7 119:
    • Per Salter, 7 101:
    • Per Fesse, 8 81:
  • Girons of Links or Chaines, 9 32 33:
    • Indented, 9 103.
  • Globicall, 5 29:
  • Gobbony, 4 44 74 & 6 100 103 107 & 9 18 & 10 53:
  • Gobbonated, 4 44:
    • Counter Gobbony, 6 108:
  • Goare, 7 43 44:
  • Goare, or Goary, 3 7 35 63 64:
  • Goared, 7 86 & 9 72:
  • Golpes, 6 s 4 74:
  • Goufanous, 7 33:
  • Gorgian Knott, 9 33:
  • Grady, 3 13 36 83 84 96 & 6 35 & 7 23 & 10 5:
    • Nowyed Grady, 5 97 98:
  • Grices, 5 45 46 & 9 48 & 10 5 115:
    • Double Downsett, 10 35:
  • Gricee, 7 16:
    • On the Top, 10 5:
    • Triple Grices, 10 115:
    • Cheveron Grady 9 48:
    • Escartellee Grady, 9 97 98:
  • Gringolee, 5 90 131:
  • Gules what it sig: 2 67 & 3 s 20:
  • Gunshots, 6 s 4 75:
  • Guzes, 6 s 4 77:
  • Gussett, 7 45 46 & 9 80:
  • Guttes, 6 s 6:
  • Guttee de Aure, 6 89:
    • De Eau, 6 90:
    • De Olive, 6 91:
    • De Larmes, 6 92:
    • De Poix, 6 93:
    • De Sang, 6 94:
H
  • Hacked, 9 16;
  • Heraulds Antiquity, 1 s 1 6 20:
    • Kings of Armes, 1 s 15:
    • Heraulds of Armes, 1 s 16 17 18:
    • Pursevants of Armes, 1 s 17:
    • Office, 1 s 7 to 14:
    • Colledg, 1 s 15:
    • Fees, 1 s 21 to 28▪
  • Honor Point, 2 73:
  • Hood or Head attire, 3 48 & 9 115 116:
  • Honorable Ordinaries, 3 s 8:
  • Humett, 4 57 63 64:
  • Humett [...], 4 114:
  • H [...]rtes, 6 s 4 72:
I
  • Iage [...] Edges, 10 121:
  • Iacinthe what it sig: 2 72 & 3 s 7
  • Inescochion, 8 77:
  • Ind [...]nt, 3 29:
  • Indente [...], 6 104:
  • Indented, 3 15 29 32 38 47 66 & 4 40 & 8 117 & 9 98:
    • Per Long, 9 9:
    • At Distance, 10 34:
    • In Point, 10 27:
    • Per Fesse, 7 83 88:
    • Imbowed, 8 110 & 9 16 90:
    • In the lower Side, 9 9:
    • On the out Side, 9 96:
  • Indentilley, 9 9:
  • Inrased, 3 15:
  • Interchanged, 10 40:
  • Interposed, 10 22 52:
  • Invecked, 3 9 31 70 & 4 11 & 9 36:
  • Inveckee, 3 7 11 35 40 63 64:
    • In the Botto [...]e, 10 22:
  • Ingraled, 3 10 68 69 & 10 95:
    • Each point Flory, 10 22 52:
    • On the Inner, or Neither Side, 10 24:
  • Inclave, 3 17 27 30 42 79 & 7 20 71
  • Interlaced, 6 65:
  • Invex, 3 6 83:
  • Interfretted, 6 65:
  • Inverted, 5 130 & 10 74:
  • Intire Charge, 10 45:
  • Imbattelled, 3 12 13 26 36 77 83 & 4 33 65 69 95 & 6 14 15 & & 10 95
    • Cristed, 3 18 38:
    • In Point 10 116
    • With two Battlements, 9 110:
    • Point I battelled, 9 76 77
    • Counter Imbattelled, 4 65 67 & 10 20
    • Imbattelled on the Top, 10 3 21:
    • With 2 or 3 Grieces, 10 20:
  • Imbordured, Imborduring, 8 86:
  • Imbowed, 6 34 & 8 110 & 9 7 169 & 10 25
    • In Point, 9 46 & 10 25:
    • Point in Point, 9 60:
  • Irradicated, 4 60 & 8 87:
  • Issuant 9 91 92 94 99 & 10 1 25 81:
    • Issueing, 10 97 113 114:
  • Issuant et Issuant, 10 122:
  • Iumells, 4 95:
  • Iupiter what it sig: 2 68 & 3 s 7:
K
  • Kings Peece, 9 95:
  • Kings of Arms, 1 s 3:
  • Knott, 5 83: & 6 68:
    • Navarre Knott, 9 32 33:
    • True Loves Knott, 6 68 s 3:
L.
  • Lambeaux, 8 3 to 16 & 9 42 44:
  • Labells, 8 3 4 5 & 9 44 91 92 94:
    • Per Long, 10 104;
    • Crossed, 8 18:
    • Cantoned, 8 19 20:
    • Double Labells, 8 24:
    • Labells Pendant, 9 93:
    • Imbowed, 9 94:
  • Lambeauxed, 3 17 30 42 79 & 5 104:
  • Labells in Fesse, & Counterposed, 10 105
    • How Anciently made, 10 105 106:
  • Larmes, 6 92
  • Latice, 9 52:
  • Laticed, 7 12 & 10 90:
  • Lentally, 3 15 29 32 38 47 66:
  • Leonced or Lionced, 5 90:
  • Limme of a tree, 9 12 15 17
  • Per Long, 9 9 70 & 10 43 71 104 106
  • Long Cross, 5 45 46 & 10 83:
  • Lopped, 5 112:
  • Losenge, 4 50 51 52 & 6 s 5 81 & 9 54 & 107:
    • In Point, 9 100 & 10 103:
    • In Losenge, or Loseng-wise, 10 116,
  • Losenges, 10 103:
    • In Cross, 9 19 55:
  • Losengy, 4 50 51 & 7 113 & 9 111 & 10 28 52:
    • Varrey, 10 118:
    • Nowy Losengy, 3 72 & 5 99:
    • Bendy Losengy, 7 111 114:
    • Barry Losengy, 7 115:
    • Barry Bendy Losengy, 7 112:
    • Masculy Losengy, 10 117:
  • Love Knott, 5 83 & 6 68:
  • Loope Hole, 10 30:
  • Luna what it Signifies, 2 66 & 3 s 20:
M
  • Mascle, 4 50 51 & 6 82 & 10 117,
    • Bottonyed, 9 56:
    • Head or Top, 10 91:
  • [Page] Mascled, 9 36
  • Mascle wayes, 4 50 51:
    • Square Mascles, 8 112:
  • Masculy, 4 50 51: & 7 113 119:
    • Losengy, 10 117:
    • Bendy, 9 118:
  • Mascle head, or top, 10 91:
  • Mateley, 5 80 81:
  • Mailed, 7 9.
  • M [...]soned, 7 11 & 9 88 & 10 111:
  • Masonee, 9 88.
  • Mars what it Signifieth, 2 67 & 3 s 20
  • Mercury what it sig: 2 71 & 3 s 20
  • Murry, 2 71 & 3 s 20:
  • Malthe, 5 s 3 38:
  • Meire, or Bar Meire, 3 14 37: & 7 8:
  • Miller, Milrine, 5 68:
  • Moline, 5 63 54:
    • Inverted, 10 73:
    • Rebated, 5 66 132:
    • Fer de Moli [...]e, 5 65:
    • Salter Molin [...], 6 49:
  • Mooted, 8 87:
  • Modilion, 5 128:
  • Mount, 9 84 113:
  • Mount Mounted, 9 84 87 116:
    • Surmounting, 9 85 104:
    • Griecel, or In Degrees, 10 115:
  • Muscle, or Muscule, see Mascle.
N