THE ILIADS OF HOMER Prince of Poets. Neuer before in any lan­guag truely translated. With a Com̄ent vppon some of his chiefe places; Donne according to the Greeke By Geo: Chapman

At London printed for Nathaniell Butter

William Hole sculp:

Qui Nil mo­litur Ineptè

TO THE HIGH BORNE PRINCE OF MEN, HENRIE THRICE Royall inheritor to the vnited kingdoms of Great BRITTAINE, &c.

SInce perfect happinesse, by Princes sought,
Is not with birth, borne, nor [...]xchequers bought;
Nor followes in great Traines; nor is possest
VVith any outward State; but makes him blest
That gouernes inward; and beholdeth theare,
All his affections stand about him bare;
That by his power can send to Towre, and death,
All traitrous passions; marshalling beneath
His iustice, his meere will; and in his minde
Holds such a scepter, as can keepe confinde
His whole lifes actions in the royall bounds
Of Vertue and Religion; and their grounds
Takes-in, to sow his honours, his delights,
And complete empire. You should learne these rights
(Great Prince of men) by Princely presidents;
VVhich here, in all kinds, my true zeale presents
To furnish your youths groundworke, and first State;
And let you see, one Godlike man create
All sorts of worthiest men; to be contriu'd
In your worth onely; giuing him reuiu'd,
For whose life, Alexander would haue giuen
One of his kingdomes: who (as sent from heauen,
And thinking well, that so diuine a creature
VVould neuer more enrich the race of Nature)
[Page]Kept as his Crowne his workes; and thought them still
His Angels; in all power, to rule his will.
And would affirme that Homers poesie
Did more aduance his Asian victorie,
Then all his Armies. O! tis wondrous much
(Though nothing prisde) that the right vertuous touch
Of a well written foule, to vertue moues.
Nor haue we soules to purpose, if their loues
Of fitting obiects be not so inflam'd.
How much then, were this kingdomes maine soule maim'd,
To want this great inflamer of all powers
That moue in humane soules? All Realmes but yours,
Are honor'd with him; and hold blest that State
That haue his workes to reade and contemplate.
In which, Humanitie to her height is raisde;
VVhich all the world (yet, none enough) hath praisde.
Seas, earth, and heauen, he did in verse comprise;
Out-sung the Muses, and did equalise
Their king Apollo; being so farre from cause
Of Princes light thoughts, that their grauest lawes
May finde stuffe to be fashiond by his lines.
Through all the pompe of kingdomes still he shines,
And graceth all his gracers. Then let lie
Your Lutes, and Viols, and more loftily
Make the Heroiques of your Homer sung,
To Drums and Trumpets set his Angels tongue:
And with the Princely sport of Haukes you vse,
Behold the kingly flight of his high Muse:
And see how like the Phoenix she renues
Her age, and starrie feathers in your sunne;
Thousands of yeares attending; euerie one
Blowing the holy fire, and throwing in
Their seasons, kingdomes, nations that haue bin
Subuerted in them; lawes, religions, all
Offerd to Change, and greedie Funerall;
Yet still your Homer lasting, liuing, raigning;
And proues, how firme Truth builds in Poets faining.
[Page]A Princes statue, or in Marble caru'd,
Or steele, or gold, and shrin'd (to be pres [...]d)
Aloft on Pillars, or Pyramides;
Time into lowest ruines may depresse:
But, drawne with all his vertues in learn'd verse,
Fame shall resound them on Obliuions herse,
Till graues gaspe with her blasts, and dead men rise.
No gold can follow, where true Poesie flies.
Then let not this Diuinitie in earth
(Deare Prince) be sleighted, as she were the birth
Of idle Fancie; since she workes so hie:
Nor let her poore disposer (Learning) lie
Stil bed-rid. Both which, being in men defac't;
In men (with them) is Gods bright image rac't.
For, as the Sunne, and Moone, are figures giuen
Of his refulgent Deitie in Heauen:
So, Learning, and her Lightner, Poesie,
In earth present his fierie Maiestie.
Nor are Kings like him, since their Diademes
Thunder, and lighten, and proiect braue beames;
But since they his cleare vertues emulate;
In Truth and Iustice, imaging his State;
In Bountie, and Humanitie since they shine;
Then which, is nothing (like him) more diuine:
Not Fire, not Light; the Sunnes admired course;
The Rise, nor Set of Starres; nor all their force
In vs, and all this Cope beneath the Skie;
Nor great Existence, term'd his Treasurie.
Since not, for being greatest, he is blest;
But being Iust, and in all vertues best.
VVhat sets his Iustice, and his Truth, best forth,
(Best Prince) then vse best; which is Poesies worth.
For, as great Princes, well inform'd and deckt
VVith gracious vertue, giue more sure effect
To her perswasions, pleasures, reall worth,
Then all th'inferiour subiects she sets forth;
Since there, she shines at full; hath birth, wealth, state,
[Page]Power, fortune, honor, fit to eleuate
Her heauenly merits; and so fit they are
Since she was made for them, and they for her:
So, Truth, with Poesie grac't, is fairer farre,
More proper, mouing, chaste, and regular,
Then when she runnes away with vntruss't Prose;
Proportion, that doth orderly dispose
Her vertuous treasure, and is Queene of Graces;
In Poesie, decking her with choicest Phrases,
Figures and numbers: when loose Prose puts on
Plaine letter-habits; makes her trot, vpon
Dull earthly businesse (she being meere diuine:)
Holds her to homely Cates, and harsh hedge-wine,
That should drinke Poesies Nectar; euerie way
One made for other, as the Sunne and Day,
Princes and vertues. And, as in a spring,
The plyant water, mou'd with any thing
Let fall into it, puts her motion out
In perfect circles, that moue round about
The gentle fountaine, one another, raising:
So Truth, and Poesie worke; so Poesie blazing,
All subiects falne in her exhaustlesse fount,
VVorks most exactly; makes a true account
Of all things to her high discharges giuen,
Till all be circular, and round as heauen.
And lastly, great Prince, marke and pardon me;
As in a flourishing, and ripe fruite Tree,
Nature hath made the barke to saue the Bole;
The Bole, the sappe; the sappe, to decke the whole
VVith leaues and branches; they, to beare and shield
The vsefull fruite; the fruite it selfe to yeeld
Guard to the kernell, and for that all those
(Since out of that againe, the whole Tree growes:)
So, in our Tree of man, whose neruie Roote
Springs in his top; from thence euen to his foote,
There runnes a mutuall aide, through all his parts,
All ioyn'd in one to serue his Queene of Arts.
The soule.
[Page]In which, doth Poesie, like the kernell lie
Oscur'd; though her Promethean facultie
Can create men, and make euen death to liue;
For which she should liue honor'd; Kings should giue
Comfort and helpe to her, that she might still
Hold vp their spirits in vertue; make the will,
That gouernes in them, to the power conform'd;
The power to iustice; that the scandals, storm'd
Against the poore Dame, clear'd by your faire Grace,
Your Grace may shine the clearer. Her low place,
Not shewing her, the highest leaues obscure.
VVho raise her, raise themselues: and he sits sure,
VVhom her wing'd hand aduanceth; since on it
Eternitie doth (crowning Vertue) sit.
All whose poore seed, like violets in their beds,
Now grow with bosome-hung, and hidden heads.
For whom I must speake (though their Fate conuinces
Me, worst of Poets) to you, best of Princes.
By the most humble and faithfull implorer for all the graces to your highnesse eterni­sed by your diuine Homer. Geo. Chapman.


BE to vs as thy great Name doth import,
(Prince of the people;) nor suppose it vaine,
That in this secret, and prophetique sort,
Thy Name and Noblest Title doth containe
So much right to vs; and as great a good.
Nature doth nothing vainly; much lesse Art
Perfecting Nature. No spirit in our blood,
But in our soules discourses beares a part.
What Nature giues at randon in the one,
In th'other, orderd, our diuine part serues.
Thou art not HEYR then, to our state alone;
But SVNN, PEACE, LIFE. And what thy powre deserues
Of vs, and our good, in thy vtmost strife;
Shall make thee to thy selfe, HEYR, SVNN, PEACE, LIFE.


WIth whatsoeuer Honour we adorne
Your Royall issue; we must gratulate yow
Imperiall Soueraigne. Who of you is borne,
Is you; One Tree, make both the Bole, and Bow.
If it be honour then to ioyne you both
To such a powerfull worke, as shall defend
Both from foule Death, and Ages ougly Moth;
This is an Honor, that shall neuer end.
They know not vertue then, that know not what
The vertue of defending vertue is:
It comprehends the guard of all your State,
And ioynes your Greatnesse to as great a Blisse.
Shield vertue, and aduance her then, Great Queene;
And make this Booke your Glasse, to make it seene.

Your Maiesties in all subiection most humbly consecrate,

Geo. Chap [...]an.


LEst with foule hands you touch these holy Rites;
And with preiudicacies too prophane,
Passe Homer, in your other Poets sleights;
Wash here. In this Porch to his numerous Phane,
Heare ancient Oracles speake, and tell you whom
You haue to censure. First then Silius heare,
Who thrice was Consull in renowned Rome;
Whose verse (saith Martiall) nothing shall out-weare.

Silius Italicus. Lib. 13.

HE, in Elysium, hauing cast his eye
Vpon the figure of a Youth, whose haire
With purple Ribands braided curiously,
Hung on his shoulders wondrous bright and faire;
Said, Virgine, What is he whose heauenly face
Shines past all others, as the Morne the Night;
Whom many maruelling soules, from place to place,
Pursue, and haunt, with sounds of such delight?
Whose countenance (wer't not in the Stygian shade)
Would make me, questionlesse, beleeue he were
A verie God. The learned Virgine made
This answer: If thou shouldst beleeue it here,
Thou shouldst not erre: he well deseru'd to be
Esteem'd a God; nor held his so-much breast
A little presence of the Deitie:
His verse comprisde earth, seas, starres, soules at rest:
In song, the Muses he did equalise;
In honor, Phoebus: he was onely soule;
Saw all things spher'd in Nature, without eyes,
And raisde your Troy vp to the starrie Pole.
Glad Scipio, viewing well this Prince of Ghosts,
Said, O if Fates would giue this Poet leaue,
To sing the acts done by the Romane Hoasts;
How much beyond, would future times receiue
The same facts, made by any other knowne?
O blest Aeacides! to haue the grace
That out of such a mouth, thou shouldst be showne
To wondring Nations, as enricht the race
Of all times future, with what he did know:
Thy vertue, with his verse, shall euer grow.
[Page]Now heare an Angell sing our Poets Fame;
Whom Fate, for his diuine song, gaue that name.
Angelus Politianus, in Nutricia.
More liuing, then in old Demodocus,
Fame glories to waxe yong in Homers verse.
And as when bright Hyperion holds to vs
His golden Torch; we see the starres disperse,
And euery way flie heauen; the pallid Moone
Euen almost vanishing before his sight:
So with the dazling beames of Homers Sunne,
All other ancient Poets lose their light.
Whom when Apollo heard, out of his starre,
Singing the godlike Acts of honor'd men;
And equalling the actuall rage of warre,
With onely the diuine straines of his pen;
He stood amaz'd, and freely did confesse
Himselfe was equall'd in Maeonides.
Next, heare the graue and learned Plinie vse
His censure of our sacred Poets Muse.
Plin. Nat. hist. lib. 7. Cap 29.
Turnd into verse; that no Prose may come neare Homer.
Whom shall we choose the glorie of all wits,
Held through so many sorts of discipline,
And such varietie of workes, and spirits;
But Grecian Homer? like whom none did shine,
For forme of worke and matter. And because
Our proud doome of him may stand iustified
By noblest iudgements; and receiue applause
In spite of enuie, and illiterate pride;
Great Macedon, amongst his matchlesse spoiles,
Tooke from rich Persia (on his Fortunes cast)
A Casket finding (full of precious oyles)
Form'd all of gold, with wealthy stones enchac't:
He tooke the oyles out; and his nearest friends
Askt, in what better guard it might be vsde?
All giuing their conceipts, to seuerall ends;
He answerd; His affections rather chusde
An vse quite opposite to all their kinds:
And Homers bookes should with that guard be seru'd;
That the most precious worke of all mens minds,
In the most precious place, might be preseru'd.
The Fount of wit was Homer; Learnings Syre,
Idem. lib. 17. cap. 5. Idem. lib. 25. cap. 3.
And gaue Antiquitie, her liuing fire.
VOlumes of like praise, I could heape on this,
Of men more ancient, and more learn'd then these:
But since true Vertue, enough louely is
[Page]With her owne beauties; all the suffrages
Of others I omit; and would more faine
That Homer, for himselfe, should be belou'd
Who euerie sort of loue-worth did containe.
Which how I haue in my conuersion prou'd,
I must confesse, I hardly dare referre
To reading iudgements; since, so generally,
Custome hath made euen th'ablest Agents erre
In these translations; all so much apply
Of Translation, and the naturall difference of Di­alects, necessari­ly to be obserued in it.
Their paines and cunnings, word for word to render
Their patient Authors; when they may as well,
Make fish with fowle, Camels with Whales engender;
Or their tongues speech, in other mouths compell.
For, euen as different a production
Aske Greeke and English; since as they in sounds,
And letters, shunne one forme, and vnison;
So haue their sense, and elegancie bounds
In their distinguisht natures, and require
Onely a iudgement to make both consent,
In sense and elocution; and aspire
As well to reach the spirit that was spent
In his exanple; as with arte to pierce
His Grammar, and etymologie of words.
But, as great Clerkes, can write no English verse;
Because (alas! great Clerks) English affords
(Say they) no height, nor copie; a rude toung,
(Since tis their Natiue): but in Greeke or Latine
Their writs are rare; for thence true Poesie sprong:
Though them (Truth knowes) they haue but skil to chat-in,
Compar'd with that they might say in their owne;
Since thither th'others full soule cannot make
The ample transmigration to be showne
In Nature-louing Poesie: So the brake
That those Translators sticke in, that affect
Their word-for-word traductions (where they lose
The free grace of their naturall Dialect
And shame their Authors, with a forced Glose)
I laugh to see; and yet as much abhorre
The necessarie nearen [...]e of translation to the example.
More licence from the words, then may expresse
Their full compression, and make cleare the Author.
From whose truth, if you thinke my feet digresse,
Because I vse needfull Periphrases;
Reade Valla, Hessus, that in Latine Prose,
And Verse conuert him; reade the Messines,
That into Tuscan turns him; a [...]d the Glose
Graue Salel makes in French, as he translates:
Which (for th'aforesaide reasons) all must doo;
And see that my conuersion much abates
[Page]The licence they take, and more showes him too:
Whose right, not all those great learn'd men haue done
(In some maine parts) that were his Commentars:
But (as the illustration of the Sunne
Should be attempted by the erring starres)
They fail'd to search his deepe, and treasurous hart.
The cause was, since they wanted the fit key
Of Nature, in their down-right strength of Art;
The power of na­ture, aboue Art in Poesie.
With Poesie, to open Poesie.
Which in my Poeme of the mysteries
Reueal'd in Homer, I will clearely proue.
Till whose neere birth, suspend your Calumnies,
And farre-wide imputations of selfe loue.
Tis further from me, then the worst that reades;
Professing me the worst of all that wright:
Yet what, in following one, that brauely leades,
The worst may show, let this proofe hold the light.
But grant it cleere: yet hath detraction got
My blinde side, in the forme, my verse puts on;
Much like a dung hill Mastife, that dares not
Assault the man he barkes at; but the stone
He throwes at him, takes in his eager iawes,
And spoyles his teeth because they cannot spoyle.
The long verse hath by proofe receiu'd applause
Beyond each other number: and the foile,
That squint-ey'd Enuie takes, is censur'd plaine.
For, this long Poeme askes this length of verse,
Which I my selfe ingenuously maintaine
Too long, our shorter Authors to reherse.
And, for our tongue, that still is so empayr'd
Our English language, aboue all others, for Rhythm [...]call Poesi [...].
By trauailing linguists; I can proue it cleare,
That no tongue hath the Muses vtterance heyr'd
For verse, and that sweet Musique to the eare
Strooke out of rime, so naturally as this;
Our Monosyllables, so kindly fall
And meete, opposde in rime, as they did kisse:
French and Italian, most immetricall;
Their many syllables, in harsh Collision,
Fall as they brake their necks; their bastard Rimes
Saluting as they iustl'd in transition,
And set out teeth on edge; nor tunes, nor times
Kept in their falles. And me thinkes, their long words
Shew in short verse, as in a narrow place,
Two opposites should meet, with two-hand swords
Vnweildily, without or vse or grace.
Thus hauing rid the rubs, and strow'd these flowers
In our thrice sacred Homers English way;
What rests to make him, yet more worthy yours?
[Page]To cite more prayse of him, were meere delay
To your glad searches, for what those men found,
That gaue his praise, past all, so high a place:
Whose vertues were so many, and so cround,
By all consents, Diuine; that not to grace,
Or adde increase to them, the world doth need
Another Homer; but euen to rehearse
And number them: they did so much exceed;
Men thought him not a man; but that his verse
Some meere celestiall nature did adorne.
And all may well conclude, it could not be,
That for the place where any man was borne,
So long, and mortally, could disagree
So many Nations, as for Homer striu'd,
Vnlesse his spurre in them, had bene diuine.
Then end their strife, and loue him (thus reuiu'd)
As borne in England: see him ouer-shine
All other-Countrie Poets; and trust this,
That whose-soeuer Muse dares vse her wing
When his Muse flies, she will be truss't by his;
And show as if a Bernacle should spring
Beneath an Eagle. In none since was seene
A soule so full of heauen as earth's in him.
O! if our moderne Poesie had beene
As louely as the Ladie he did lymne,
What barbarous wo [...]ldling, groueling after gaine,
Could vse her louely parts, with such rude hate,
As now she suffers vnder euery swaine?
Since then tis nought but her abuse and Fate,
That thus empaires her; what is this to her
As she is reall? or in naturall right?
But since in true Religion men should erre
As much as Poesie, should th'abuse excite
The like contempt of her Diuinitie?
And that her truth, and right saint sacred Merites,
In most liues, breed but reuerence formally;
What wonder is't if Poesie in herits
Much lesse obseruance; being but Agent for her,
And singer of her lawes, that others say?
Forth then ye Mowles, sonnes of the earth abhorre her;
Keepe still on in the durty vulgar way,
Till durt receiue your soules, to which ye vow;
And with your poison'd spirits bewitch our thrifts.
Ye cannot so despise vs as we you.
Not one of you, aboue his Mowlehill lifts
His earthy Minde; but, as a sort of beasts,
Kept by their Guardians, neuer care to heare
Their manly voices; but when, in their fists,
[Page]They breathe wild whistles; and the beasts rude eare
Heares their Curres barking; then by heapes they flie,
Headlong together: So men, beastly giuen,
The manly soules voice (sacred Poesie,
Whose Hymnes the Angels euer sing in heauen)
Contemne, and heare not: but when brutish noises
(For Gaine, Lust, Honour, in litigious Prose)
Are bellow'd-out, and cra [...]ke the barbarous voices
Of Turkish Stentors; O! ye leane to those,
Like itching Horse, to blockes, or high May-poles;
And breake nought but the wind of wealth, wealth, All
In all your Documents; your Asinine soules
(Proud of their burthens) feele not how they gall.
But as an Asse, that in a fi [...]ld of weeds
Affects a thistle, and falles fiercely to it;
That pricks, and gals him; yet he feeds, and bleeds;
Forbeares a while, and licks; but cannot woo it
To leaue the sharpnes; when (to wreake his smart)
He beates it with his foote; then backward kickes,
Because the Thistle gald his forward part;
Nor leaues till all be eate, for all the prickes;
Then falles to others with as hote a strife;
And in that honourable warre doth waste
The tall heate of his stomacke, and his life:
So, in this world of weeds, you worldlings taste
Your most-lou'd dainties; with such warre, buy peace;
Hunger for torment; vertue kicke for vice;
Cares, for your states, do with your states increase:
And though ye dreame ye feast in Paradise,
Yet Reasons Day-light, shewes ye at your meate
Asses at Thistles, bleeding as ye eate.


OF all bookes extant in all kinds, Homer is the first and best. No oneAll bookes of hu­mane wisedome. before his (Iosephus affirmes,) nor before him (saith Velleius Pater­culus) was there any whom he imitated: nor after him, any that could imitate him. And that Poesie may be no ca [...]se of detraction from al the eminence we giue him; Spondanus (preferring it to all Arts and sci­ences) vnanswerably argues and proues. For to the glory of God, and the singing of his glories, (no man dares deny) man was chiefly made. And what art performes this chiefe end of man, with so much excitation, and expression as Poesie? Moses, Dauid, Salomon, Iob, Esay, Ieremy, &c. chiefly vsing that to the end abouesaid. And since the excellence of it cannot be obtained by the labor and art of man (as all easily confesse it,) it must needs be acknowledged, a diuine infusion. To proue which in a word, this distich, (in my estimation) serues something nearely:

Great Poesie, blind Homer, makes all see
Thee capable of all Arts, none of thee.

For out of him (according to our most graue and iudicial Plutarch) are all Arts dedu­ced, confirmed, or illustrated. It is not therfore the worlds vilifying of it, that can make it vile: for so we might argue, & blaspheme the most incomparably sacred. It is not of the world indeed: but (like Truth) hides it selfe frōit. Nor is there any such reality of wisdomes truth in all humane excellence, as in Poets fictions. That most vulgar & foo­lish receipt of Poeticall licence, being of all knowing men to be exploded; (accepting it, as if Poets had a tale-telling priuiledge aboue others,) no Artist being so strictly, and inextricably confined to all the lawes of learning, wisedome, and truth, as a Poet. For were not his fictions composed of the sinewes and soules of all those; how could they differ farre from, and be combined with eternitie? To all sciences therefore, I must still (with our learned and ingenious Spondanus) preferre it; as hauing a per­petuall commerce with the diuine Maiesty; embracing and illustrating al his most holy precepts; and enioying continuall discourse with his thrice perfect, and most comforta­ble spirit. And as the contemplatiue life is most worthily & diuinely preferred by Pla­to, to the actiue; as much as the head to the foote; the eye to the hand; reason to sence; the soule to the bodie: the end it selfe, to all things directed to the end: quiet to motion; and Eternitie to Time; so much preferre I diuine Poesie to all worldly wisedome. To the onely shadow of whose worth yet, I entitle n [...]t the bold rimes of euerie Apish and impudent Braggart, (though he dares assume any thing) such I turne ouer to the wea­uing of Cobwebs; and shall but chatter on molehels (farre vnder the hill of the Muses) when their fortunat'st selfloue and ambition hath aduanced them highest. Poesie is the flower of the Sunne, & disdains to open to the eye of a candle. So kings [...]ide their trea­sures, & counsels frō the vulgar; ne euilescant (saith our Spond.) we haue example sacred enough; that true Poesies humility, pouerty & contempt, are badges of diuinity; not vanity. Bray then, and barke against it ye Wolf-fac't worldlings; that nothing but [Page] honours, riches, and magistracie, nescio quos, turgidè spiratis (that I may vse the words of our friend still,) Qui solas leges Iustinianas crepatis; paragraphum vnum aut alterum, pluris quàm vos ipsos facitis, &c. I (for my part) shall euer esteeme it much more manly and sacred, in this harmelesse and pious stu [...]e, to sit till I sinke into my graue, then shine in your vainglorious bubbles, and impieties; al your poore policies, wisedomes, and their trappings, at no more valuing then a musty Nut. And much lesse I wey the frontlesse detractions of some stupide ignorants; that no more knowing me, then their owne beastly ends; and I, euer (to my knowledge) blest from their sight; whisper behind me vilifyings of my translation: out of the French affirming them; when both in French, and all other languages but his owne, our withall-skill enriched Poet, is so poore and vnpleasing, that no man can discerue from whence flowed his so generally giuen eminence, and admiration. And therfore (by any reasonable creatures conference, of my sleight comment, and conuersion) it will easily appeare how I shunne them: and whether the originall be my rule or not. In which, he shall easily see, I vn­derstand the vnderstandings of all other interpreters, and commenters in places of his most depth, importance, and rapture. In whose exposition and illustration, if I abhorre from the sence that others wrest, and racke out of him; let my best detractor examine how the Greeke word warrants me. For my other fresh fry, let them fry in their foolish gals; nothing so much weighed as the barkings of puppies, or foistinghounds; too vile to thi [...]ke of our sacred Homer, or set their prophane feete within their liues lengths of his thresholds. If I faile in something, let my full performance in other some restore me; haste spurring me on with other necessities. For as at my conclusion I protest, so here at my entrance, lesse then fifteene weekes was the time, in which all the last twelue books were entirely new translated. No cōference had with any one liuing in al the no­uelties I presume I haue found. Only some one or two places I haue shewed to my worthy and most learned friend, M. Harriots, for his censure how much mine owne weighed: whose iudgement and knowledge in all kinds, I know to be incomparable, and bottom­lesse: yea, to be admired as much, as his most blameles life, and the right sacred expence of his time, is to be honoured and reuerenced. Which affirmation of his cleare vnmat­chednesse in all manner of learning; I make in contempt of that nastie obiection often thrust vpon me; that he that will iudge, must know more then he of whom he iudgeth; for so a man should know neither God nor himself. Another right learned, honest, and entirely loued friend of mine, M. Robert Hews, I must needs put into my confest con­ference touching Homer, though very little more then that I had with M. Harriots. Which two, I protest, are all, and preferred to all. Nor charge I their authorities with any allowance of my generall labour; but onely of those one or two places, which for in­stances of my innouation, and [...]ow it shewed to them, I imparted. If any taxe me for too much periphrasis or circumlocution in some places, let them reade Laurentius Val­la, and Eobanus Hessus, who either vse such shortnesse as cometh nothing home to Homer; or where they shun that fault, are ten parts more paraphrastical then I. As for example; one place I will trouble you (if you please) to conferre with the originall, and one interpreter for all. It is in the end of the third booke; and is Hellens speech to Ve­nus, fetching her to Paris, from seeing his cowardly combat with Menelaus: part of which speech I will here cite:


[...] &c. For auoiding the common readers trouble here, I must referre the more Greekish to the rest of the speech in Homer, whose translation ad verbum by Spondanus, I will here cite; and then pray you to conferre it with that [Page] which followeth of Valla.

Quoniam verò nunc Alexandrum, Menelaus
Postquam vicit; vult odiosam me domum abducere;
Propterea verò nunc dolum (ceu dolos) cogitans aduenisti?
Sede apud ipsum vadens, deorum abnega vias,
Neque vnquam tuis pedibus reuertaris in coelum,
Sed semper circa [...]um aerumnas perfer, & ipsum serua
Donec te vel vxorem faciat, vel hic seruam, &c.

Valla thus:

Quoniam victo Paride, Menelaus, me miseram, est reportaturus ad lares, ideo tu, ideo falsa sub imagine venisti, vt me deciperes ob tuam nimi­am in Paridem beneuolentiā: eò dum illi ades, dum illi studes, dum pro illo satagis, dum illum obseruas atque custodis, deorum commercium reliquisti, nec ad eos reuersura es ampliùs; adeò (quantum suspicor) aut vxor eius [...]fficieris, aut ancilla, &c.

Wherein note if there be any such thing as most of this in Homer; yet only to expresse (as he th [...]nkes) Homers conceipt, for the more pleasure of the reader, he vseth this ouerplus dum illi ades, dum illi studes, dum pro illo satagis, dum illum obseruas, atque custodis, deorum commercium reliquisti. Which (besides his superfluitie) is vtterly false. For where he saith, reliquisti deorum commercium, Hellen saith, [...], deorum autem abnega, or abnue vias, [...], (vel [...] as it is vsed poetically) signifying denegare, or abnuere; & Hellen (in contempt of her too much obseruing men) bids her renounce heauen, and come liue with Paris till he make her his wife or seruant; scoptically or scornefully speaking it: which both Valla, Eobanus, and all other interpreters (but these ad verbum) haue vtterly mist. And this one example I thought necessarie to insert here, to shew my detractors that they haue no reason to vilifie my circumlocution sometimes, when their most ap­proued Grecians, Homers interpreters, generally hold him fit to be so conuerted. Yet how much I differ, and with what authoritie, let my impartiall, and iudiciall reader iudge. Alwaies conceiuing how pedanticall and absurd an affectation it is, in the in­terpretation of any Author (much more of Homer) to turn him word for word; whe [...] (according to Horace and other best lawgiuers to translators) it is the part of euery knowing and iudiciall interpreter, not to follow the number and order of words, but the materiall things themselues, and sentences to weigh diligently; and to clothe and adorne them with words, and such a stile and forme of Oration, as are most apt for the language into which they are conuerted. If I haue not turned him in any place fals­ly (as all other his interpreters haue in many, and most of his chiefe places;) if I haue not left behind me any of his sentence, elegancie, height, intention, and inuention: if in some few places (especially in my first edition, being done so long since, & following the cōmon tract) I be somthing paraphrasticall & faulty; is it iustice in that poore fault (if they will needs haue it so) to drowne all the rest of my labour? But there is a certaine enuious Windfucker, that houers vp and downe, laboriously engrossing al the aire with his luxurious ambition; and buzzing into euery eare my detraction; affirming I turne Homer out of the Latine onely, &c. that sets all his associates, and the whole rabble of my maligners on their wings with him, to beare about my empaire, and poyson my reputation. One that, as he thinkes, whatsoeuer he giues to others, he takes from him­selfe; so whatsoeuer he takes from others, he addes to himselfe. One that in this kinde of robberie, doth like Mercurie, that stole good, and supplied it with counterfeit bad [Page] still. One like the two gluttons, Phyloxenus and Gnatho, that would still emptie their noses in the dishes they loued, that no man might eate but themselues. For so this Castrill, with too hote a liuer, and lust after his owne glorie, and to de [...]oure all himselfe, discourageth all appetites to the fame of another. I haue striken, single him as you can. Nor note I this, to cast any rubbes, or plasters out of the particular way of mine owne estimation with the world; for I resolue this with the wilfully obscure:

Sine honore viuam, nullo (que) numero ero.
Without mens honors I will liue, and make
No number, in the manlesse course they take.

But to discourage (if it might be) the generall detraction of industrious, and well­meaning vertue. I know I cannot too much diminish, and deiect my selfe; yet that passing little that I am, God onely knowes; to whose euer-implored respect, and com­fort, I onely submit me. If any further edition of these my sillie endeuors shall chance, I will mend what is amisse (God assisting me) and amplifie my harsh Comment to Homers farre more right, and mine owne earnest, and ingenious loue of him. Not­withstanding, I know, the curious, and e [...]uious, will neuer sit downe satisfied. A man may go ouer and ouer, till he come ouer and ouer; and his paines be onely his recom­pence: euery man is so loded with his particular head; and nothing in all respects per­fect, but what is perceiued by few. Homer himselfe hath met with my fortune, in ma­ny maligners; and therefore may my poore-selfe, put vp with motion. And so little I will respect malignitie; and so much encourage my selfe with mine owne knowne strength, and what I finde within me, of comfort, and confirmance; (examining my selfe throughout, with a farre more iealous and seuere eye, then my greatest enemie; i­mitating this:‘Iudex ipse sui totum se explorat ad vnguem, &c.)’That after these Iliads, I will (God lending me life and any meanest meanes) with more labour then I haue lost here, and all vncheckt alacritie, diue through his O­dysses. Nor can I forget here (but with all heartie gratitude remember) my most ancient, learned, and right noble friend M. Richard Stapilton, first most des [...]rtfull mouer in the frame of our Homer. For which (and much other most ingen [...]ous and vtterly vndeserued desert) God make me amply his requiter; and be his honorable fa­milies speedy and full restorer. In the meane space, I intreate my impartiall, and iu­diciall Reader; that all things to the quicke he will not pare; but humanely and nobly pardon defects; and if he find any thing perfect, receiue it vnenuied.

Of Homer.

OF his countrey, and time, the difference is so infinite amongst all writers, that there is no question (in my coniecture) of his antiquitie beyond all. To which o­pinion, the nearest I will cite; Adam Cedrenus placeth him vnder Dauids & Solo­mons rule; & the destruction of Troy vnder Sauls. And of one age with Solomon, Michael Glycas Siculus affirmeth him. Aristotle (in tertio de Poetica) affirmes he was borne in the Ile of Io, begot of a Genius, one of them that vsed to dance with the Muses, and a virgine of that Ile, comprest by that Genius, who being quicke with child (for shame of the deed) came into a place called Aegina, and there was taken of theeues, and brought to Smyrna, to Moeon king of the Lydians, who for her beau­tie maried her. After which, she walking neare the flood Meletes; on that shore be­ing ouertaken with the throwes of her deliuerie, she brought foorth Homer, and in­stantly [Page] died. The infant was receiued by Moeon, and brought vp as his owne till his death; which was not long after. And according to this, when the Lydians in Smyr­na, were afflicted by the Aeolians, and thought fit to leaue the citie, the Captaines by a Herald willing all to go out that would, and follow them; Homer (being a little child) said he would also [...] (that is, sequi.) And of that, (for Melesigenes, which was his first name) he was called Homer. These Plutarch.

The varieties of other reports touching this, I omit for length: and in place thereof, thinke it not vnfit to insert something of his praise, and honour amongst the greatest of all Ages; not that our most absolute of himselfe, needs it; but that such autenticall testimonies of his splendor and excellence, may the better conuince the ma­lice of his maligners.

First, what kind of person Homer was, (saith Spondanus) his statue teacheth; which Cedrenus describeth. The whole place we will describe, that our relation may hold the better coherence; as Nylander conuerts it. Then was the Octagonon at Constantinople consumed with fire; and the Bath of Seuerus, that bore the name of Ze [...]xippus: in which there was much varietie of spectacle, and splendor of Arts; the workes of all Ages being conferred, and preserued there, of Marble, Rockes, Stones, and Images of Brasse; to which, this onely wanted; that the soules of the persons they presented, were not in them. Amongst these master peeces, and all-wit­exceeding workmanships, stood Homer, as he was in [...]is age; thoughtfull, and mu­sing: his hands folded beneath his bosome; his beard vntrimmed, and hanging downe; the haire of his head in like sort thinne on both sides before; his face with age and cares of the world (as these imagine) wrinkled and austere; his nose proportioned to his other parts; his eyes fixt or turned vp to his eye browes, like one blind (as it is re­ported he was) not born blind (saith Vell. Paterculus) which he that imagins (saith he) is blind of all senses. Vpon his vnder coate he was attired with a loose robe; and at the base beneath his feet, a brazen chaine hung. This was the statue of Homer, which in that conflagration perished. Another renowned statue of his (saith Lucian in his Encomion of Demosthenes) stood in the temple of Ptolomy, on the vpper hand of his own statue. Cedrenus likewise remembreth a Library in the Pallace of the king, at Constantinople, that contained a thousand a hundred and twentie bookes: amongst which there was the gut of a Dragon, of an hundred and twentie foote long; in which, in letters of gold; the Iliads, and Odysses of Homer were inscribed: which miracle (in Basiliscus the Emperours time) was consumed with fire.

For his respect amongst the most learned; Plato in Ione calleth him, [...], Poetarum omnium, & praestantissimum, & diuinissimum. In Phaedone, [...], diuinum Poetam, and in Theaetetus, Socrates citing diuerse of the most wise and learned for confirmation of his there held opinion, (as Protagoras, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Epicharmus, and Homer) who (saith So­crates) against such an armie, being all led by such a Captaine as Homer, dares fight or resist, but he will be held ridiculous? This for Scaliger, and all Homers enuious and ignorant detractors. Why therefore, Plato in another place banisheth him with all other Poets out of his Common-wealth, dealing with them like a Politician in­deed; vse men, and then cast them off, (though Homer he thinks fit to send out crow­ned and annointed;) I see not, since he maketh still such honorable mention of him; and with his verses, (as with precious Iemmes▪) euerie where enchaceth his writings. So Aristotle, continually celebrateth him. Nay euen amongst the Barbarous, not one­ly Homers name, but his Poems haue bene recorded and reuerenced. The Indians [Page] (saith Aelianus var. hist. lib. 12. cap. 48.) in their owne tongue had Homers Poems translated and sung. Nor those Indians alone, but the kings of Persia. And amongst the Indians (of all the Greek Poets, Homer being euer first in estimatiō;) whensoeuer they vsed any diuine duties according to the custome of their housholds and hospitali­ies, they inuited euer, Apollo, and Homer. Lucian in his Encomion of Demosth. affirmeth all Poets celebrated Homers birth day; & sacrificed to him the first fruites of their verses. So Thersagoras answereth Lucian, he vsed to do himselfe. Alex. Pa­phius (saith Eustathius) deliuers Homer, as borne of Egyptian Parents; D [...]asa­goras being his father, and Aethra his mother; his nurse being a certaine Prophetesse, and the daughter of Oris, Isis Priest; from whose breasts, oftentimes, honey flowed in the mouth of the infant. After which, in the night, he vttered nine seuerall notes or voices of fowles, viz. of a Swallow, a Peacocke, a Doue, a Crow, a Partrich, a red-Shank, a Stare, a Blackebird, and a Nightingale: and being a little boy, was found playing in his bed with nine Doues. Sibylla being at a feast of his Parents, was taken with so­daine furie; and sung verses, whose beginning was [...] polynice, sig­nifying much victorie; in which song also she called him [...] great in glorie; and [...], signifying gyrlond-seller; and commanded him to build a temple to the Pe­gridarij, that is, to the Muses. Herodotus affirmes, that Phaemius (teaching a pub­licke schoole at Smyrna) was his maister; and Dionysius in in 56. oration saith, Socrates was Homers scholler. In short; what he was, his workes shew most truly; to which (if you please) go on and examine him.

Faults escaped.

In the margin. page 176. for pastime, reade past time. Page 177. for whom, reade who. Page 188 in the margine for [...], reade [...]. p. 195. for totas, reade totus. p. 197. for backe, reade backs: for possessions, reade possession. p. 200. for defiderat, reade desideat. p. 202. for inconstant, reade in constant. in the same p. for through r. though. p. 205. in the margin, ioyne the disioyned note of Iup. Nept. Pluto. p. 213. for hill, r. wood. p. 214. for gainst, r. against. p. 223. for a bowle of mightie wine, reade a mightie bowle of wine. p. 226. for heads, r. head. p. 141. for nere more, r. now no. p. 244. in the margin, for imitable, r. inimitable. in the same p. for ofs, r. oft. p. 248. at the end. for or, r. our. p. 250. for t'Aiaces this, r. th'Aiaces. p. 256. for friend, reade fiend. p. 263. for the spritely, r. their spritely. in the same p. for were, r. where. p. 264. for larg'd, r. lardge. p. 266. in the Comment, for to which, r. which. in the same. for the eares, r. th'eares. p. 284. for steeles, r. seeles. p. 290. for with blinde, r. which blinde. p. 293. for hands, r. sands. p. 303, for all the feete, r. at the feete. p. 306. for fetcht, r. [...]tch. p. 324. at the end, for Teucer, reade Teucers.


APollos Priest to th' Argiue sleete doth bring
Gifts for his daughter, prisoner to the King;
For which, her tenderd freedome, he intreats.
But, being dismist, with contumelious threats,
At Phoebus hands, by vengefull prayer he seekes,
To haue a plague inflicted on the Greekes.
Which had, Achilles doth a Councell cite,
Emboldning Chalchas, in the Kings despite,
To tell the truth, why they were punisht so.
From hence their fierce and deadly strife did grow.
For wrong in which, Aeacides so raues,
Aeacides, sir­name of Achilles being the grand child of Aeacus.
That Goddesse Thetis, from her throne of waues,
(Ascending heauen) of Ioue assistance wonne,
To plague the Greekes, by absence of her Sonne:
And make the Generall himselfe repent,
To wrong so much his Armies Ornament.
This, found by Iuno, she with Ioue contends,
Till Vulcan, with heauens cup, the quarell ends.
Another Argument.
Alpha, the prayer of Chryses, sings:
The Armies plague: the strife of Kings.
His proposition and inuocation.
AChilles banefull wrath resound, O Goddesse, that imposd,
Infinite sorrowes on the Greekes; and many braue soules losd
From breasts Heroique: sent them farre, to that a inuisible caue
That no light comforts: & their lims, to dogs & vultures gaue.
To b all which, Ioues will gaue effect; c from whom, first strife be­gunne,
Betwixt Atrides,
Atrides sir­name of Aga­memnon; being son to Atreus. Eris the Goddes of contention. Narration.
king of men; and Thetis godlike Sonne.
What God gaue Eris their command, and op't that fighting veine?
Ioues, and Latonas Sonne; who fir'd, against the king of men,
For contumelie, showne his Priest; infectious sicknesse sent,
To plague the armie; and to death, by troopes, the souldiers went.
Occasiond thus; Chryses the Priest, came to the fleetc, to buy
For presents of vnualued price, his daughters libertie.
The golden scepter, and the crowne, of Phoebus, in his hands
Proposing; and made suite to all, but most to the Commands
Of both th' Atrides,
Agamemnon & Menelaus: called the Atrides be­ing brothers, & both sonnes to Atreus.
who most rulde. Great Atreus sonnes (said he)
And all ye wel-grieu'd Greekes; the Gods whose habitations be
In heauenly houses, grace your powers, with Priams razed towne,
[Page 2]And grant ye happy conduct home: to winne which wisht renowne
Of Ioue, by honouring his sonne (farre-shooting Phoebus) daine
For these fit presents to dissolu [...], the ransomeable chaine
Chryses, the Priest of Apollo, to the Atrides, and other Greekes.
Of my lou'd daughters seruitude. The Greekes entirely gaue
Glad d acclamations, for signe, that their desires would haue
The graue Priest reuerenc'd, and his gifts, of so much price embrac'd.
The Generall yet, bore no such mind, but viciously disgrac'd,
With violent termes, the Priest, and said: Doterd, auoid our fleete,
Where lingring be not found by me, nor thy returning feete
Agamemnons [...] re­pulse of Chryses.
Let euer visite vs againe, lest nor thy Godheads crowne,
Nor scepter saue thee. Her thou seekst, I still will hold mine owne,
Till age defloure her. In our court, at Argos (farre transferd
From her lou'd countrie) she shall plie, her web, and see
See my bed made, it may be englisht: the word is [...], which sig­nifies cōtra stan tem; as standing of one side, oppo­site to another on the other side which yet others [...] ca­pessentem, & adornantem; which, since it showes best to a reader, I follow. The prayer of Chryses to Apol­lo.
(With all fit ornaments) my bed. Incense me then no more,
But, (if thou wilt be safe) be gone. This said, the sea-beate shore,
(Obeying his high will) the Priest, trod off with haste, and feare.
And walking silent, till he left, farre off his enemies eare;
Phoebus (faire-haird Latonas sonne) he stird vp, with a vow,
To this sterne purpose: Heare, thou God, that bear'st the siluer bow,
That Chrysa guard'st, rulest Tenedos, with strong hand, and the e round
Of Cilla most diuine dost walke: O Smintheus, if crownd
With thankfull offerings thy rich Phane, I euer saw, or fir'd.
Fat thighs of oxen, and of goates, to thee: this grace desir'd
Vouchsafe to me: paines for my teares, let these rude Greekes repay,
Forc'd with thy arrowes. Thus he praid, and Phoebus heard him pray;
And vext at heart, downe from the tops, of steepe heauen stoopt; his bow
And quiuer couerd round; his hands, did on his shoulders throw;
And, of the angrie deitie, the arrowes as he mou'd
Ratl'd about him. Like the night, he rang'd the host, and rou'd
(Apart the fleete set:) terribly, with his hard-loosing hand
His siluer bow twang'd, and his shafts, did first, the Mules command,
And swift hounds: then the Greekes themselues, his deadly arrowes shot.
Apollo sends the plague among the Greekes.
The fires of death went neuer out, nine daies his shafts flew hot
About the armie, and the tenth, Achilles cald a court
Of all the Greeks: heauens
white-arm'd Queene, (who euery where cut short
Beholding her lou'd Greeks by death) suggested it: and he
(All met in one) arose, and said: Atrides, Now I see
Achilles to A­ [...].
We must be wandering againe, flight must be still our stay,
(If flight can saue vs now) at once, sicknesse and battell lay
Such strong hand on vs. Let vs aske, some Prophet, Priest, or proue
Some dreame interpreter (for dreames, are often sent from Ioue)
Why Phoebus is so much incenst? If vnperformed vowes
He blames in vs; or Hecatombs; and if these knees he bowes
To death, may yeeld his graues no more; but offering all supply
Of sauours, burnt from lambes, and goates; auert his feruent eye,
And turne his temperate. Thus he sate; and then stood vp to them
Chalcas, sirnam'd Thestorides, of Augures, the supreme:
Calchas the Prophet.
He knew things present, past, to come; and rulde the Equinpage,
[Page 3]Of th'Argiue fleete to Ilion, for his Prophetique rage
Giuen by Apollo: who well seene, in th'ill they felt, proposd
This to Achilles: Ioues belou'd? would thy charge see disclosd,
Calchas to Achilles.
The secret of Apollos wrath? then couenant, and take oth,
To my discouerie; that with words, and powrefull actions both,
Thy strength will guard the truth, in me; because I well conceiue
That he whose Empire gouerns all, whom all the Grecians giue,
Confirm'd obedience, will be mou'd; and then you know the state,
Of him that moues him. When a king, hath once markt for his hate,
A man inferior; though that day, his wrath seemes to digest
Th'offence he takes; yet euermore, he rakes vp in his brest,
Brands of quicke anger; till reuenge, hath quencht to his desire,
The fire reserued. Tell me then, if, whatsoeuer, ire
Suggests, in hurt of me, to him; thy valour will preuent?
Achilles answerd; All thou know'st, speake, and be confident:
Achilles to Chalchas.
For by Apollo, Ioues belou'd (to whom, performing vowes,
O Calchas, for the state of Greece; thy spirit Prophetique showes
Skils that direct vs) not a man, of all these Grecians here,
(I liuing, and enioying the light, shot through this flowrie sphere)
Shall touch thee, with offensiue hands; though Agamemnon be
The man in question, that doth boast, the mightiest Emperie,
Of all our armie. Then tooke heart, the Prophet vnreprou'd,
And said: They are not vnpaid vowes; nor Hecatombs, that mou'd,
The God against vs: his offence, is for his Priest, empaird,
Calchas disco­uers to the Greekes the cause of their plague.
By Agamemnon; that refusd, the present he preferd,
And kept his daughter. This is cause, why heauens farre-darter darts,
These plagues amongst vs; and this still, will emptie in our hearts
His deathfull quiuer, vncontaind; till to her loued sire,
The blacke-eyd damsell be resign'd; no redemptorie hire,
Tooke for her freedome; not a gift; but all the ransome quit;
And she conuaide, with sacrifice; till her enfranchisd feete,
Treade Chrysa vnder: then the God (so pleasd) perhaps we may
Moue to remission. Thus he sate; and vp, the great in sway,
Heroique Agamemnon rose; eagerly bearing all:
His minds seate ouercast with fumes: an anger generall,
Fill'd all his faculties; his eyes, sparckl'd like kindling fire;
Which, sternly cast vpon the Priest, thus vented he, his ire;
Prophet of ill? For neuer good, came from thee towards me;
Agamemnon in­censt, to Calchas
Not to a words worth: euermore, thou tookst delight to be
Offensiue in thy Auguries; which thou continuest still;
Now casting thy prophetique gall, and vouching all our ill
(Shot from Apollo,) is imposd; since I refusd the prise
Of faire Chryseis libertie; which would in no worth rise,
To my rate of her selfe; which moues, my vowes to haue her home;
Past Clytemnestra louing her; that grac't my nuptiall roome,
With her virginitie, and flowre. Nor aske her merits lesse,
For person, disposition, wit, and skill in housewiferies.
And yet, for all this, she shall go; if more conducible
[Page 4]That course be, then her holding here. I rather wish the weale
Of my lou'd armie, then the death. Prouide yet, instantly,
Supplie for her, that I alone, of all our royaltie,
Lose not my winnings: tis not fit, ye see all, I lose mine
Forc't by another: see as well, some other may resigne,
His Prise to me. To this, replied, the swift-foote God-like sonne
Achilles to Aga­memnon.
Of Thetis, thus: King of vs all, in all ambition;
Most couetouse of all that breath; why should the great-soul'd Greekes
Supply thy lost prise, out of theirs? nor what thy auarice seekes,
Our common treasurie can find; so little it doth guard
Of what our rac'd towns, yeelded vs; of all which, most is shar'd,
And giuen our souldiers; which againe, to take into our hands
Were ignominious, and base. Now then, since God commands,
Part with thy most-lou'd prise to him: not any one of vs,
Exacts it of thee: yet we all, all losse thou sufferst thus,
Will treble; quadruple in gaine, when Iupiter bestowes
The sacke of well-wall'd Troy on vs; which by his word, he owes.
Do not deceiue your selfe with wit, (he answerd) God-like man;
[...] to Ahilles.
Though your good name may colour it; tis not your swift foote can
Out runne me here; nor shall the glosse, set on it, with the God,
Perswade me to my wrong. Woulst thou, maintaine in sure abode
Thine owne pris [...], and sleight me of mine? Resolue this: if our friends
(As fits in equitie, my worth) will right me with amends,
So rest it; otherwise my selfe, will enter personally
On thy prise; that of Ithacus, or Aiax, for supply;
Let him, on whom I enter, rage. But come we'le order these,
Hereafter, and in other place. Now put to sacred seas
Our blacke saile; in it rowers put, in it fit sacrifise;
And to these, I will make ascend, my so much enuied prise,
Bright-cheekt Chryseis. For conduct, of all which, we must chuse
A chiefe out of our counsellors; thy seruice we must vse,
Idomeneus; Aiax, thine, or thine, wise Ithacus;
Or thine, thou terriblest of men, thou sonne of Peleus;
Which fittest were, that thou mightst see, these holy acts performd,
For which thy cunning zeale so pleades; and he whose bow thus stormd
For our offences, may be calmd. Achilles, with a frowne,
Achilles to Aga­memnon.
Thus answerd: O thou impudent! of no good but thine owne,
Euer respectfull; but of that, with all craft, couetous;
With what heart can a man attempt, a seruice dangerous,
Or at thy voice be spirited, to flie vpon a foe,
Thy mind thus wretched? For my selfe, I was not iniur'd so,
By any Troian, that my powers, should bid them any blowes;
In nothing beare they blame of me. Phthia, whose bosome flowes
With corne and people, neuer felt, empaire of her increase,
By their inuasion: hils enow, and farre-resounding seas,
Powre out their shades, and deepes, betweene: but thee thou frontlesse man,
We follow, and thy triumphs make, ▪with bonfires of our bane:
Thine, and thy brothers vengeance sought (thou dogs eyes) of this Troy
[Page 5]By our exposd liues; whose deserts, thou neither dost employ,
With honour, nor with care. And now, thou threatst to force from me,
The fruite of my sweate, which the Greekes, gaue all; and though it be
(Compar'd with thy part, then snatcht vp) nothing: [...]or euer is,
At any sackttowne: but of fight, (the fetcher in of this)
My hands haue most share: in whose toyles, when I haue emptied me
Of all my forces; my amends, in liberalitie
(Though it be little) I accept, and turne pleasd to my tent:
And yet that little, thou esteemst, too great a continent
In thy incontinent auarice. For Phthya therefore now
My course is; since tis better farre, then here endure, that thou
Should [...] still be rauishing my right, draw my whole treasure drie;
And adde dishonor. He replied: If thy heart serue thee, flie:
Agamemnon to Ahilles.
Stay not for my cause; others here, will aid, and honor me;
If not, yet Ioue I know, is sure; that counsellor is he
That I depend on: as for thee, of all our Ioue-kept kings,
Thou still art most my enemie: strifes, battels, bloodie things,
Make thy blood feasts still. But if strength, that these moods build vpon,
Flow in thy nerues; God gaue thee it; and so tis not thine owne,
But in his hands still: what then lifts, thy pride in this, so hie?
Home with thy fleete, and Myrmidons; vse there their Emperie,
Command not here: I weigh thee not, nor meane to magnifie
Thy rough hewne rages; but in stead, I thus farre threaten thee:
Since Phoebus needs will force from me, Chryseis; she shall go;
My ships, and friends, shall waft her home: but I will imitate so,
His pleasure; that mine owne shall take, in person, from thy tent
Bright-cheekt Briseis; and so tell, thy strength how eminent
My powre is, being compar'd with thine: all other, making feare
To vaunt equalitie with me; or in this proud kind beare
Their beards against me. Thetis sonne, at this stood vext; his heart
Achilles angri [...] with [...] ­non.
Bristled his bosome, and two waies, drew his discursiue part;
If from his thigh, his sharpe sword drawne, he should make roome about
Atrides, person slaughtring him; or sit his anger out
And curb his spirit. While these thoughts, striu'd in his bloud and mind,
And he his sword drew: downe from heauen, Athenia
stoopt, and shind
About his temples; being sent, by th'Iuorie-wristed queene
Saturnia; who, out of her heart, had euer louing bene,
And carefull for the good of both. She stood behind, and tooke
Achilles by the yellow curles; and onely gaue her looke
To him apparance: not a man, of all the rest could see.
He, turning backe his eye; amaze, strooke euerie facultie;
Yet straight, he knew her, by her eyes; so terrible they were
Sparkling with ardor, and thus spake: Thou seed of Iupiter,
Achilles to [...].
Why com'st thou? to behold his pride, that bosts our Emperie?
Then witnesse, with it, my reuenge; and see that insolence die,
That liues to wrong me. She replied, I come from heauen to see
Thy anger settled: if thy soule, will vse her soueraigntie,
[...] to A­chilles.
In fit reflection. I am sent, from Iuno, whose affects,
[Page 6]Stand heartily inclind to both: Come, giue vs both respects,
And ceasse contention: draw no sword; vse words, and such as may
Be bitter to his pride, but iust; for trust in what I say,
A time shall come, when thrice the worth, of that he forceth now,
He shall propose for recompence, of these wrongs: therefore throw
Reines on thy passions, and serue vs. He answerd: Though my heart
Burne in iust anget; yet my soule, must conquer th'angrie part,
Achilles Palladi, hoc est, rationi obsequitur.
And yeeld you conquest. Who subdues, his earthly part for heauen,
Heauen to his prayres subdues his wish. This said, her charge was giuen,
Fit honor: in his siluer hilt, he held his able hand,
And forc't his broad sword vp; and vp, to heauen did reascend
Minerua, who in Ioues high roofe, that beares the rough shield, tooke
Her place with other deities. She gone, againe forsooke,
Patience his passion; and no more, his silence could confine
His wrath, that this broad language gaue: Thou euer steep't in wine,
Achilles againe infurie.
Dogs-face? with heart, but of a Ha [...]t? that nor in th'open eye
Of fight, dar'st thrust into a prease; nor with our noblest, lie
In secret ambush. These works seeme, too full of death for thee;
Tis safer farre, in th'open host, to dare an iniurie,
To any crosser of thy lust. Thou subiect-eating king,
Base spirits thou gouernst; or this wrong, had bene the last fowle thing
Thou euer author'dst: yet I vow, and by a great oath sweare,
Euen by this scepter; that as this, neuer againe shall beare
Greene leaues, or branches, nor increase, with any growth, his sise;
This simile Vir­gil directly translates.
Nor did, since first it left the hils, and had his faculties
And ornaments bereft, with iron; which now to other end
Iudges of Greece beare; and their lawes, receiu'd from Ioue, defend;
(For which, my oath to thee is great.) So whensoeuer need
Shall burne with thirst of me, thy host, no prayres shall euer breed
Affection in me, to their aid; though well deserued woes
Afflict thee for them; when to death, man-slaughtring Hector throwes
Whole troopes of them; and thou torment'st, thy vext mind with conceit
Of thy rude rage now: and his wrong, that most deseru'd the right
Of all thy armie. Thus he threw, his scepter gainst the ground,
With golden studs stucke; and tooke seate. Atrides breast was drownd
In rising choler. Vp to both, sweet-spoken Nestor stood,
The cunning Pylian Orator; whose tongue powrd foorth a flood
Nestors age and eloqu [...]e.
Of more-then-hony sweet discourse: two ages were increast
Of diuerse-languag'd men; all borne, in his time, and deceast
In sacred Pylos, where he reignd, amongst the third-ag'd men:
He (well seene in the world) aduisd, and thus exprest it then.
O Gods, our Greeke earth will be drownd, in iust teares; rapefull Troy,
Nes [...]or to Achil les, and Aga­me [...]n.
Herking, and all his sonnes, will make, as iust a mocke, and ioy
Of these disiunctions; if of you, that all our host excell,
In counsell, and in skill of fight, they heare this: Come, repell
These yong mens passions: y'are not both, (put both your yeares in one)
So old as I: I liu'd long since, and was companion
With men superior to you both: who yet would euer heare,
[Page 7]My counsels with respect. My eyes, yet neuer witnesse were,
Decorum [...] [...].
Nor euer will be, of such men, as then delighted them;
Perithous, Exadius, and god-like Polypheme;
Ceneus, and Dryas, prince of men; Aegean Theseus.
A man, like heauens immortals formd; all, all most vigorous,
Of all men, that euen those daies bred; most vigorous men, and fought
With beasts most vigorous; mountain beasts, (for mē in strength were nought
Matcht with their forces) fought with them; and brauely fought them downe;
Yet euen with these men, I conuerst, being cald to the renowne
Of their societies, by their suites, from Pylos farre, to fight
In th'Asian kingdome; and I fought, to a degree of might
That helpt euen their mights; against such, as no man now would dare,
To meete in conflict; yet euen these, my counsels still would heare,
And with obedience, crowne my words. Giue you such palme to them;
Tis better, then to wreath your wraths. Atrides? giue not streame
To all thy powre, nor force his prise; but yeeld her still his owne,
As all men else do. Nor do thou, encounter with thy crowne
(Great sonne of Peleus) since no king, that euer Ioue allowd
Grace of a scepter, equals him. Suppose thy nerues endowd
With strength superior, and thy birth, a verie Goddesse gaue;
Yet he of force, is mightier; since, what his owne nerues haue
Is amplified, with iust command, of many other. King of men
Command thou then thy selfe; and I, with my prayres will obtaine,
Grace of Achilles, to subdue, his furie; whose parts are
Worth our intreatie; being chiefe checke, to all our ill in warre.
All this, good father (said the king) is comely, and good right;
Agamemnon to Nestor.
But this man breakes all such bounds; he, affects past all men height.
All would in his powre hold, all make, his subiects, giue to all
His hote will for their temperate law: all which he neuer shall
Perswade at my hands. If the Gods, haue giuen him the great stile
Of ablest souldier; made they that, his licence to reuile
Men with vile language? Thetis soone, preuented him, and said:
Fearefull and vile I might be thought, if the exactions laid
Achilles to Agamemnon.
By all meanes on me I should beare. Others command to this,
Thou shalt, not me; or if thou dost, farre my free spirit is
From seruing thy command. Beside, this I affirme (affoord
Impression of it in thy soule) I will not vse my sword
On thee, or any, for a wench: vniustly though thou tak'st
The thing thou gau'st; but all things else, that in my ship thou mak'st
Greedie suruey of, do not touch, without my leaue; or do
Adde that acts wrong to this; that these, may see that outrage too;
And then comes my part: then be sure, thy bloud vpon my lance,
Shall flow in vengeance. These high termes, these two at variance
Vsd to each other; left their seates, and after them arose
The Grecian counc [...]ll dissol­ued.
The whole court. To his tents and ships, with friends and souldiers, goes
Angrie Achilles. Atreus sonne, the swift ship lancht, and put
Within it twentie chosen row'rs: within it likewise shut
The Hecatomb, t'appease the God. Then causd to come abord
[Page 8]Faire cheekt Chryseis. For the chiefe, he in whom Pallas pourd
Her store of counsels, (Ithacus) aboord went last, and then
Chriseis sent to her father.
The moist waies of the sea they saild. And now the king of men
Bad all the hoast to sacrifice. They sacrific'd and, cast
The offall of all to the deepes: the angrie God they grac't
With perfect Hecatombs; some buls, some goates along the shore
Of the vnfruitfull sea, inflam'd. To heauen the thicke fumes bore
Enwrapped sauours. Thus though all, the politique king made shew
Respects to heauen; yet he himselfe, all that time did pursue
His owne affections. The late iarre, in which he thunderd threats
Against Achilles, still he fed, and his affections heats
Thus vented to Talthybius, and graue Eurybates
Heralds, and ministers of trust, to all his messages.
Haste to Achilles tent, where take, Briseis hand, and bring
Agamemnon to Talthybius and Eurybates his Heralds.
Her beauties to vs; if he faile, to yeeld her; say your king
Will come himselfe with multitudes, that shall the horribler
Make both his presence and your charge, that so he dares deferre.
This said, he sent them with a charge, of hard condition.
They went vnwillingly, and trod, the fruitlesse seas shore: soone
They reacht the nauie and the tents, in which the quarter lay
Of all the Myrmidons, and found, the chiefe Chiefe in their sway,
Set at his blacke barke in his tent. Nor was Achilles glad
To see their presence; nor themselues, in any glorie, had
Their message; but with reuerence stood, and fear'd th'offended king.
Askt not the dame; nor spake a word. He yet, well knowing the thing
That causd their coming; grac'd them thus: Heralds, ye men that beare
Achill [...]s Prince­ly receipt of the Heralds.
The messages of men and Gods; y'are welcome, come ye neare.
I nothing blame you, but your king; tis he, I know, doth send
You for Briseis; she is his. Patroclus? honourd friend,
Bring [...]oorth the damsell; and these men, let leade her, to their Lord.
But, Heralds, be you witnesses, before the most ador'd;
Before vs mortals, and before, your most vngentle king,
Of what I suffer: that if warre, euer hereafter bring
My aide in question; to auert, any seuerest bane,
It brings on others; I am scusde, to keepe my aide in wane,
Since they mine honour. But your king, in tempting mischiefe, raues;
Nor sees at once, by present things, the future; how like waues,
Ils follow ils; iniustices, being neuer so secure
In present times; but after plagues, euen then, are seene as sure.
Which yet he sees not; and so sooths, his present lust; which checkt,
Would checke plagues future; and he might, in succouring right, protect
Such as fight for his right at fleete; they still in safetie fight,
That fight still iustly. This speech vsd, Patr [...]clus did the rite
His friend commanded; and brought forth, Briseis from her tent;
Briseis led to Agamemnon.
Gaue her the heralds, and away, to th'Achiue ships they went:
She sad, and scarce for griefe, could go; her loue, all friends' forsooke,
And wept for anger. To the shore, of th'old sea, he betooke
Himselfe alone; and casting forth, vpon the purple sea,
[Page 9]His wet eyes, and his hands to heauen, aduancing; this sad plea,
Made to his mother: Mother, since, you brought me forth to breath,
Achilles to The­tis.
So short a life: Olympius, had good right to bequeath
My short life, honor; yet that right, he doth in no degree:
But lets Atrides do me shame, and force that prise from me
That all the Greekes gaue: this with teares, he vtterd, and she heard;
Set with her old sire, in his deepes; and instantly appeard,
Vp, from the gray sea, like a cloud: sate by his side, and said;
Why weepes my sonne? what grieues thee? speake; conceale not what hath laid
Thetis to Achil­les.
Such hard hand on thee: let both know. He (sighing like a storme)
Replied: Thou dost know; why should I, things knowne; againe informe?
Achilles to The­tis.
We marcht to Thebs, the sacred towne, of king Eetion,
Sackt it, and brought to fleete the spoile, which euerie valiant sonne
Of Greece, indifferently shar'd. Atrides had for share,
Faire-cheekt Chryseis; after which, his priest, that shoots so farre,
Chryses, the faire Chryseis sire, arriu'd at th'Achiue fleete,
With infinite ransome; to redeeme, the deare imprison'd feete,
Of his faire daughter. In his hands, he held Apollos crowne,
And golden scepter; making suite, to euerie Grecian sonne,
But most, the sonnes of Atreus, (the others orderers)
Yet they least heard him; all the rest, receiu'd with reuerend eares,
The motion: both the Priest, and gifts, gracing; and holding worth
His wisht acceptance. Atreus sonne, yet (vext) commanded forth
With rude termes, Phoebus reuerend Priest: who, angrie, made retreat,
And prayd to Phoebus; in whose grace, he standing passing great,
Got his petition. The God, an ill shaft sentabrode,
That tumbl'd downe the Greekes in heapes. The host had no abode,
That was notvisited; we askt, a Prophet that well knew
The cause of all; and from his lips, Apollos prophecies flew;
Telling his anger. First my selfe, exhorted to appease
The angerd God; which Atreus sonne, did at the heart displease.
And vp he stood, vsde threats, performd. The blacke-eyd Greeks sent home
Chryseis to her sire; and gaue, his God a Hecatome;
Then, for Briseis to my tents, Atrides Heralds came,
And tooke her, that the Greekes gaue, all. If then thy powres can frame
Wreake for thy sonne, affoord it; scale, Olympus, and implore
Ioue, (if by either word, or fact; thou euer didst restore
Ioy to his greeu'd heart) now to helpe. I oft haue heard thee vant
In court of Peleus; that alone, thy hand was conuersant,
In rescue from a cruell spoile, the blacke-clowd-gathering Ioue;
Whom other Godheads, would haue bound. (The powre whose pace doth moue
The round earth; heauens great Queene, and Pallas) to whose bands
Neptune, Iuno, and [...], con­federates in the binding of Iupi­ [...].
Thou cam'st with rescue; bringing vp, him with the hundred hands,
To great Olympus; whom the Gods, call Briar [...]us; men
Aegaeon; who, his sire surpast, and was as strong againe;
The fiction of [...].
And in that grace, sat glad, by Ioue; th'immortals stood dismaid
At his ascension; and gaue, free passage to his aid.
Of all this, tell Ioue; kneele to him; embrace his knee, and pray
[Page 10](If Trois aide he will euer deigne) that now their forces may
Beate home the Greeks to fleete, and sea; embruing their retreat
In slaughter: their pains paying the wreake, of their proud Soueraigns heart:
And that farre-ruling king may know, from his poore souldiers harms,
His owne harme fals: his owne, and all, in mine; his best in arms.
Her answer she powr'd out in teares: O me, my sonne (said she)
Thetis to Achil­les.
Why brought I vp, thy being at all; that brought thee forth to be
Sad subiect of so hard a fate? O would to heauen, that since,
Thy fate is little, and not long; thou mightst without offence,
And teares performe it. But to liue, thrall to so sterne a fate
As grants thee least life; and that least, so most vnfortunate,
Grieues me t'haue giuen thee any life. But what thou wishest now
(If Ioue will grant) ile vp, and aske. Olympus crownd with snow
Ile clime: but sit thou fast at fleete: renounce all warre, and feed
Thy heart with wrath, and hope of wreake: till which come, thou shalt need,
A little patience: Iupiter, went yesterday to feast
Iupiters feast with the Ae­thiops.
Amongst the blamelesse Aethiops, in th'Oceans deepned breast;
All Gods attending him: the twelfth, high heauen againe he sees,
And then his brasse-pau'd court Ile skale; cling to his powrefull knees,
And doubt not, but to winne thy wish. Thus made she her remoue,
And left wrath tyring on her sonne, for his enforced loue.
Vlysses, with the Hecatomb, arriu'd at Chrysas shore:
Nauigation to Chrysa.
And when, amids the hauens deepe mouth, they came to vse the oare,
They straite stroke saile, then rold them vp, and on the hatches threw.
The top mast, to the kelsine then, with haleyards downe they drew;
Then brought the ship to Port with oares, then forked anchor cast,
And gainst the violence of stormes, for drifting made her fast.
All come ashore, they all exposd, the holy Hecatomb
To angrie Phoebus; and with it, Chryseis welcomd home:
Whom, to her sire, wise Ithacus, that did at th'altar stand,
For honour, led; and (spoken thus) resignd her to his hand:
Chryses, the mightie king of men (great Agamemnon) sends
[...]lysses to Chry­ses.
Thy lou'd seed, by my hands, to thine; and to thy God commends
A Hecatomb, which my charge is, to sacrifice, and seeke
Our much-sigh-mixt-woe, his recure, inuokt by euerie Greeke.
Thus he resignd her, and her sire, receiu'd her, highly ioyd.
About the well-built altar then, they orderly emploide
The sacred offring. Washt their hands, tooke salt cakes, and the Priest
(With hands held vp to heauen) thus praid: O thou that all things seest,
Fautour of Chrysa, whose faire hand, doth guardfully dispose
Chryses prayer to Apollo for ap­peasing the plague.
Celestiall Cilla: gouerning, in all powre, Tenedos:
O heare thy Priest, and as thy hand, in free grace to my prayers
Shot feruent plague-shafts through the Greekes: now hearten their affai [...]es,
With health renewd, and quite remoue, th'infection from their blood.
He praid; and to his prairs againe, the God propitious stood.
All, after prayre, cast on salt cakes; drew backe, kild, flaid the beeues,
Cut out, and dubd with fat their thighes, faire drest with doubled leaues;
The sacrifice.
And on them, all the sweet-breads prickt. The Priest, with small sere wood
[Page 11]Did sacrifice; powr'd on red wine, by whom the yong men stood,
And turnd (in fiue ranks) spits; on which, (the legs enough) they eate
The banquet.
The inwards; then in giggots cut, the other fit for meate;
And put to fire; which (rosted well) they drew; the labour done,
They seru'd the feast in; that fed all, to satisfaction.
Desire of meate, and wine, thus quencht, the youths crownd cups of wine
Drunke off, and fild againe to all. That day was held diuine;
And spent in Paeans to the Sunne; who heard with pleased eare;
When whose bright chariot stoopt to sea, and twilight hid the cleare;
The euening.
All, soundly on their cables slept, euen till the night was worne:
And when the Lady of the light, the rosie fingerd morne
The morning.
Rose from the hils: all fresh arose, and to the campe retir'd.
Apollo with a fore-right wind, their swelling barke inspir'd.
The top-mast hoisted; milke-white sailes, on his round breast they put;
The Misens strooted with the gale; the ship her course did cut,
So swiftly, that the parted waues, against her ribs did rore,
Which coming to the campe, they drew, aloft the sandie shore:
Where, laid on stocks, each souldier kept, his quarter, as before.
But Pelius sonne, swift-foote Achilles, at his swift ships sate,
Burning in wrath, nor euer came, to Councels of estate,
That make men honord: neuer trod, the fierce embattaild field,
But kept close, and his lou'd heart pin'd: what fight and cries could yeeld,
Thirsting, at all parts, to the hoast. And now since first he told
His wrongs to Thetis: twelue faire mornes, their ensignes did vnfold.
And then the euerliuing Gods, mounted Olympus; Ioue
Iupiter and the other Gods from the A [...] ­thiops.
First in ascension. Thetis then, remembred well to moue
Achilles motion: rose from sea, and by the mornes first light,
The great heauen, and Olympus climbd; where, in supremest height
Of all that many-headed hill, she saw the farre-seene sonne
Of Saturne, set from all the rest, in his free seate alone:
Before whom (on her owne knees falne) the knees of Iupiter
Her left hand held, her right his chinne; and thus she did prefer
Her sonnes petition: Father Ioue, if euer I haue stood
Thetis prayer to Iupiter.
Aidfull to thee in word or worke: with this implored good
Requite my aide: renowne my sonne, since in so short a race,
(Past others) thou confin'st his life: an insolent disgrace
Is done him by the king of men: he forc't from him, a prise
Wonne with his sword. But thou, O Ioue, that art most strong, most wise,
Honour my sonne, for my sake; adde, strength to the Troians side
By his sides weaknesse, in his want: and see Troy amplifide
In conquest, so much, and so long, till Greece may giue againe
The glorie reft him; and the more, illustrate the free raigne
Of his wrongd honour. Ioue, at this, sate silent; not a word
In long space past him: Thetis still, hung on his knee; implor'd
The second time, his helpe, and said: Grant, or denie my suite,
Be free in what thou doest; I know, thou canst not sit thus mute,
For feare of any: speake, denie, that so I may be sure
Of all heauens Goddesses, tis I, that onely must endure
[Page 12]Dishonor by thee. Iupiter, the great cloud-gatherer, grieu'd
With thought of what a world of griefes, this suite askt, being atchieu'd;
Sweld, sigh'd, and answerd: Works of death, thou vrgest; O at this
Ioue to Thetis.
Iuno will storme, and all my powers, inflame with contumelies.
Euer she wrangles, charging me, in eare of all the Gods,
That I am partiall still; that I, adde the displeasing oddes
Of my aide to the Ilians. Be gone then, lest she see:
Leaue thy request to my care: yet, that trust may hearten thee
With thy desires grant, and my powre, to giue it act, approue
How vaine her strife is: to thy praire, my eminent head shall moue,
Which is the great signe of my will, with all th'immortall states:
Irreuocable; neuer failes; neuer without the rates
Of all powers else: when my head bowes, all heads bow with it still;
As their first mouer; and giues powre, to any worke I will.
He said; and his blacke-ey-brows bent; aboue his deathle [...]se head,
Th'Ambrosian curls flowed; great heauen shooke, and both were seuered,
Their counsels broken. To the depth, ▪of Neptunes kingdome, diu'd,
Thetis; from heauens height: Ioue arose; and all the Gods receiu'd,
(All rising from their thrones) their sire; attending to his court;
None sate, when he rose; none delaid, the furnishing his port,
Till he came neare: all met with him, and brought him to his throne.
Nor sate great Iuno ignorant, when she beheld, alone,
Old Nereus siluer-footed seed, with Ioue; that she had brought
Counsels to heauen; and straight her tongue, had teeth in it, that wrought
This sharpe inuectiue: Who was that, (thou craftiest counsellor
Iuno to [...].
Of all the Gods) that so apart, some secret did implore?
Euer apart from me, thou lou'st, to counsell and decree,
Things of more close trust then thou thinkst, are fit t'impart to me:
What euer thou determin'st, I, must euer be denied
The knowledge of it, by thy will. To her speech, thus replied;
Iupiter to Iuno.
The Father, both of men, and Gods: Haue neuer hope to know,
My whole intentions; though my wife: it fits not, nor would show,
Well to thine owne thoughts: but what fits, thy womans eare to heare;
Woman, nor man, nor God, shall know, before it grace thine eare.
Yet, what apart from men and Gods, I please to know; forbeare
T'examine, or enquire of that. She with the cowes faire eyes
(Respected Iuno) this returnd: Austere king of the skies,
Iunos replie.
What hast thou vtterd? when did I, before this time, enquire,
Or sift thy counsels? passing close, you are still; your desire,
Is seru'd with such care, that I feare, you can scarce vouch the deed
That makes it publike; being seduc't, by this old sea-Gods seed.
That could so early vse her knees, embracing thine. I doubt,
The late act of thy bowed head, was for the working out,
Of some boone she askt; that her sonne, thy partiall hand would please
With plaguing others. Wretch (said he) thy subtle ielousies,
Ioue incenst.
Are still exploring: my designes, can neuer scape thine eye;
Which yet thou neuer canst preuent. Thy curiositie
Makes thee lesse car'd for, at my hands; and horrible the end
[Page 13]Shall make thy humor. If it be, what thy suspects intend,
What then? tis my free will it should: to which, let way be giuen,
With silence; curbe your tongue in time, lest all the Gods in heauen
Too few be, and too weake to helpe, thy punisht insolence,
When my inaccessible hands, shall fall on thee. The sence
Of this high threatning, made her feare; and silent she sate downe,
Humbling her great heart. All the Gods, in court of Ioue, did frowne
At this offence giuen: amongst whom, heauens famous Artizan,
Ephatstus, in his mothers care, this comely speech began:
A name of Vulcan.
Beleeue it, these words will breed wounds, beyond our powres to beare,
If thus for mortals ye fall out. Ye make a tumult here
That spoiles our banquet. Euermore, worst matters put downe best.
But mother, though your selfe be wise, yet let your sonne request
His wisdome audience. Giue good termes, to our lou'd father Ioue,
For feare he take offence againe; and our kind banquet proue
A wrathfull battell. If he will, the heauenly lightner can
Take you, and tosse you from your throne; his power Olympian
Is so surpassing. Soften then, with gentle speech his splene,
And drinke to him; I know his heart, will quickly downe againe.
This said, arising from his throne, in his lou'd mothers hand
Vultan fils and giues the cup to [...]uno.
He put the double handeld cup, and said: Come, do not stand
On these crosse humors: suffer, beare, though your great bosome grieue,
And lest blowes force you: all my aide, not able to relieue
Your hard condition; though these eyes, behold it, and this heart
Sorrow to thinke it; tis a taske, too dangerous to take part
Against Olympius. I my selfe, the proofe of this still feele;
When other Gods would faine haue helpt, he tooke me by the heele
The fall of Vul­can.
And hurld me out of heauen: all day, I was in falling downe,
At length in Lemnos I strooke earth; the likewise falling Sunne,
And I, together set: my life, almost set too; yet there
The Sintij cheard, and tooke me vp. This did to laughter cheare
White-wristed Iuno; who now tooke, the cup of him and smil'd.
The sweete-peace-making-draught went round; and lame Ephaistus fild
Vulcan skinker to the Gods.
Nectar, to all the other Gods. A laughter neuer left,
Shooke all the blessed d [...]ities, to see the lame so deft
At that cup seruice. All that day, euen till the Sunne went downe,
They banqueted, and had such cheere, as did their wishes crowne.
Nor had they musicke lesse diuine, Apollo there did touch
Apollo touches his harpe at the banquet, and the Musessing to it.
His most sweete harpe; to which, with voice, the Muses pleasd as much.
But when the Suns faire light was set, each Godhead to his house
Addrest for sleepe, where euerie one, with art most curious
(By heauens great both-foote halting God) a seuerall roofe had built;
Euen he to sleepe went, by whose hand, heauen is with lightning guilt.
(High Ioue) where he had vsd to rest, when sweet sleepe seisd his eyes:
By him the golden-thron'd Queene slept: the Queene of deities.


Since I dissent from all other Translators, and Interpreters, that euer assaid ex­position of this miraculous Poeme, especially where the diuine rapture is most exempt from capacitie, in Grammarians meerely, and Grammaticall Criticks, and where the inward sense or soule of the sacred Muse is onely within eye-shot of a Poeticall spirits inspection; (lest I be preiudiced with opinion, to dissent of ignorance, or singularity) I am bound by this briefe Comment, to shew I vnderstand how all other extants vn­derstand; my reasons why I reiect them; and how I receiue my Author. In which labour, if where all others find discords and dissonances, I proue him entirely har­monious and proportionate: if where they often alter, and flie his originall, I at all parts stand fast, and obserue it: if where they mixe their most pitiful castigations with his praises, I render him without touch, and beyond admiration: (though truth in her verie nakednesse sits in so deepe a pit, that from Gades to Aurora, and Ganges, few eyes can sound her:) I hope yet, those few here, will so discouer and confirme her, that the date being out of her darkenesse in this morning of our Homer; he shall now gird his Temples with the Sunne, and be confest (against his good friend) Nun­quam dormitare. But how all Translators, Censors, or Interpretors, haue slept, and bene dead to his true vnderstanding; I hope it will neither cast shadow of arrogance in me to affirme, nor of difficultie in you to beleeue: if you please to suspend censure, & diminution, till your impartiall conference of their paines and mine be admitted. For induction and preparatiue to which patience, and perswasion, trouble your selues but to know this: This neuer-enough-glorified Poet, (to vary & quicken his eternal Poem) hath inspired his chiefe persons with different spirits, most ingenious and inimitable characters; which not vnderstood, how are their speeches? being one by another, as cō ­ueniently, and necessarily knowne, as the instrument by the sound. If a Translator or Interpreter of a ridiculous and cowardly described person (being deceiued in his cha­racter) so violates, and vitiates the originall, to make his speech graue, and him va­liant: can the negligence and numbnesse of such an Interpreter or Translator, be lesse then the sleepe, and death, I am bold to sprinckle vpon him? or could I do lesse then affirme and enforce this, being so happily discouered? This therfore (in his due place) approued and explaned, let me hope my other assumpts will proue as conspicuous.

This first and second booke, I haue wholly translated againe; the seuenth, eighth, ninth, and tenth bookes, deferring still imperfect, being all Englished so long since; and my late hand (ouercome wih labour) not yet rested enough to refine them. Nor are the wealthie veines of this holy ground, so amply discouered in my first twelue la­bours, as my last; not hauing competent time, nor my profit in his mysteries being so ample, as when driuing through his thirteenth and last books, I drew the main depth, and saw the round coming of this siluer bow of our Phoebus; the cleare scope and cō ­texture of his worke; the full and most beautifull figures of his persons. To those last twelue then, I must referre you, for all the chiefe worth of my cleare discoueries. And in the meane space, I intreate your acceptance of some few new touches in these first. Not perplexing you in first or last, with anything handled in any other Interpreter, further then I must conscionably make congression with such as haue diminisht, mangled, and maimed, my most worthily most tendered Author.

a [...] (being compounded ex à priuatiua: & [...], video) signi­fies, locus tenebricosus, or (according to Virgil) sine luce domus; and there­fore (different from others) I so conuert it.

b [...] &c.) is the vulgar reading, which I r [...]ade: [...] [Page 15] because [...] referd to [...], &c. is redun­dant and idle; to the miseries of the Greekes by Ioues counsell, graue, and sententious.

c [...], &c. ex quo quidem primùm: [...], &c. ex quo. Here our common readers would haue tempore vnderstood; because [...] (to which they thinke the Poet must otherwise haue reference) is the feminine gender. But Ho­mer vnderstands Ioue; as in [...], verse 273. he expounds himselfe in these words: [...], &c. which Pindarus Thebanus in his Epitome of these Iliads, right­ly obserues, in these verses:

Conficiebat enim summi sententia Regis,
Ex quo contulerant discordi pectore pugnas
Sceptriger Atrides, & bello clarus Achilles.

d [...], comprobarunt Graeci, all others turne it; but since, [...] signifies properly, fausta acclamatione do significationem approbationis, I therefore accordingly conuert it, because the other intimates a comprobation of all the Greekes by word; which was not so, but onely by inarticulate acclamations, or showtes.

e [...], signifies properly circumambulo, and onely metapho­ricè, protego, or tueor, as it is alwaies in this place translated; which suffers alte­ration with me, since our vsuall phrase of walking the round in townes of garrison, for the defence of it, fits so well the propertie of the originall.

f [...]. Praemiserat enim Dea alba v [...]nis Iuno? Why Iuno should send Pallas, is a thing not noted by any: I therefore answer; Because Iuno is Goddesse of state. The allegory therfore in the Prosopopoeia both of Iuno & Pallas, is, that Achilles for respect to the state there present, the rather vsed that discretion and restraint of his anger. So in diuers other places, when state is represented, Iuno procures it: as in the eighteenth booke, for the state of Patroclus his fetching off, Iu­no commands the Sunne to go downe before his time, &c.

g [...]: sic dixit lachrimans, &c. These teares are called by our Cō ­mentors, vnworthie, and fitter for children, or women, then such an Heroe as A­chilles: and therefore Plato is cited in 3. de Repub. where he saith, [...], &c. Meritò igitur, clarorum virorum ploratus è medio tolleremus, &c. To answer which, and iustifie the fitnesse of teares generally (as they may be occasioned) in the greatest, and most renowmed men; (omitting examples of Virgils Aeneas, Alexan­der the Great, &c.) I oppose against Plato, onely one president of great and most per­fect humanitie, (to whom infinitely aboue all other, we must prostrate our imitati­ons) that shed teares, viz. our All▪ perfect and Almightie Sauiour, who wept for La­zarus. This then, leauing the fitnesse of great mens teares generally, vtterly vnan­swerable: these particular teares of vnuented anger in Achilles, are in him most naturall: teares being the highest effects of greatest and most fierie spirits; either when their abilities cannot performe to their wils, or that they are restrained of re­uenge, being iniured, out of other considerations: as now the consideration of the state, and grauitie of the counsell, and publike good of the armie curbd Achilles. Who can denie, that there are teares of manlinesse, and magnanimitie, as well as womanish and pusillanimous? So Diomed, wept for curst heart, when Apollo strooke his scourge from him, and hindered his horse race: hauing bene warned by Pallas be­fore not to resist the Deities; and so his great spirits being curbed of reuenge, for the wrong he receiued then. So when not-enough. vented anger, was not to be exprest e­nough by that teare-starting affection in couragious and fierce men, our most accom­plish [...] [Page 16] expressor, helpes the illustration in a Simile of his feruour, in most feruent-spi­rited fowles, resembling the wrathfull fight of Sarpedon and Patroclus to two Vul­tures, fighting, and crying on a rocke; which thus I haue afterwards Englished, and here for example inserted:

Downe iumpt he from his chariot; downe leapt his foe as light:
And as on some far-seeing rocke, a cast of Vultures fight,
Flie on each other, strike, and trusse; part, meete, and then sticke by;
Tugge both with crooked beakes, and seres; crie, fight, and fight, and cry.
So fiercely fought these angrie kings, &c.

Wherein you see, that crying in these eagerlie fought fowles (which is like teares in an­grie men) is so farre from softnesse or faintnesse, that to the superlatiue of hardinesse and courage, it expresseth both. Nor must we be so grosse to imagine, that Homer made Achilles, or Diomed blubber, or sob, &c. but in the verie point and sting of their vnuented anger, shed a few violent and seething-ouer teares. What Asse-like impudence is it then, for any meerely vaineglorious, and selfe-louing puffe, that eue­rie where may reade these inimitable touches of our Homers maisterie, any where to oppose his arrogant and ignorant castigations? when he should rather (with his much better vnderstander Spondanus) submit where he ouersees him faulty: and say thus: Quia tu tamen hoc voluisti, sacrosanctae tuae authoritati, per me nihil detrahetur.

The end of the first Booke.


IOue cals avision vp, from Somnus den;
To bid Atrides, muster vp his men.
The king (to Greekes dissembling his desire)
Perswades them to their countrie to r [...]tire.
By Pallas will, Vlysses stayes their flight;
And wise old Nestor, heartens them to fight.
They take their meate: which done, to armes they go [...]:
And march in good array, against the foe.
So those of Troy, when Iris, from the skie,
Of Saturns sonne, performs the Ambassie.
Another Argument.
Beta, the dreame and Synod cites,
And catalogues the nauall knights.
THe other Gods, and knights at armes, all night slept: onely Ioue,
Iupiter carefu [...] in performing his vow to The­t [...].
Sweet slumber seisd not; he discourst, how best he might approue
His vow made for Achilles grace, and make the Grecians find
His misse, in much death. Al waies cast; this coūsel seru'd his mind
With most allowance: to dispatch, a harmefull dreame to greet
The king of men; and gaue this charge: Go, to the Achiue fleet,
Iupiter cals vp a vision.
(Pernicious dreame) and being arriu'd, in Agamemnons tent,
Deliuer truly all this charge; command him to conuent
His whole hoast arm'd, before these towres; for now Troys broad-waid towne
He shall take in: the heauen-housd Gods, are now indifferent growne,
Iunos request hath wonne them: Troy, now vnder imminent ils,
At all parts labours. This charge heard, the vision straight fulfils;
The ships reacht, and Atrides tent, in which he found him laid;
Diuine sleepe powrd about his powres. He stood aboue his head
Like Nestor (grac't, of old men, most) and this did intimate:
Sleepes the wise Atreus-tame-horse sonne? a counsellour of State,
The vision to Agamemnon.
Must not, the whole night, spend in sleepe; to whom the people are,
For guard committed; and whose life, stands bound to so much care.
Now heare me then, (Ioues messenger,) who, though farre off from thee,
Is neare thee yet; in ruth, and care: and giues command by me,
To arme thy whole hoast. Thy strong hand, the broad-waid towne of Troy,
Shall now take in: no more the Gods, dissentiously imploy
Their high-housd powers: Iunos suite, hath wonne them all to her;
And ill fates ouer-hang these towres, addrest by Iupiter.
[Page 18]Fixe in thy mind this; nor forget, to giue it action, when
Sweet sleepe shall leaue thee. Thus he fled, and left the king of men
Repeating, in discourse, his dreame; and dreaming still, awake,
[...] discourseth of [...] [...].
Of powre, not readie yet for act. O foole, he thought to take
In that next day, old Priams towne; not knowing what affaires
[...] had in purpose; who prepar'd, (by strong fight) sighes and [...]
For Greekes, and Troians. The dreame gone, his voice still mur [...]ured
About the kings eares: who sate vp, put on him, in his bed,
His silken inner weed; faire, new, and then in hast arose;
Cast on his ample mantle, tied, to his soft feet faire shoes;
His siluer-hilted sword he hung, about his shoulders, tooke
His fathers scepter, neuer staind: which then abroad he shooke,
And went to fleete. And now great heauen, Goddesse Aurora, scall'd
The morning.
To Ioue, and all Gods, bringing light. When Agamemnon call'd
His heralds, charging them aloud, to call to instant Court
The thicke-haird Greekes. The heralds call'd, the Greekes made quickeresort:
The Councell chiefly he composd, of old great minded men,
At Nestors ships, the Pylian king: all there assembled then,
Thus Atreus sonne begunne the Court: Heare friends, a dreame diuine,
Amids the calme night in my sleepe, did through my shut eyes shine,
Within my fantasie: his forme, did passing naturally
Resemble Nestor: such attire, a stature iust as hie.
He stood aboue my head; and words, thus fashiond, did relate.
Sleepes the wise Atreus-tame-horse sonne? A counsellor of state
[...] [...] [...] [...].
Must not, the whole night spend in sleepe; to whom the people are
For guard committed; and whose life, stands bound to so much care.
Now heare me then, (Ioues messenger,) who, though farre off from thee,
Is neare thee yet, in loue, and care: and giues command by me,
To arme thy whole hoast. Thy strong hand, the broad-waid towne of Troy,
Shall now take in: no more the Gods, dissentiously imploy
Their high-housd powres: Saturnias suite, hath wonne them all to her;
And ill fates ouer-hang these towres, addrest by Iupiter.
Fixe in thy mind this. This exprest, he tooke wing and away;
And sweet sleepe left me: let vs then, by all our meanes assay,
To arme our armie; I will first, (as farre as fits our right)
Trie their addictions, and command, with full-sail'd ships our flight:
Which if they yeeld to, oppose you. He sate; and vp arose
N [...]stor, of sandy Pylos, king: who, (willing to dispose
Their counsell to the publicke good) proposd this to the State:
Princes, and Counsellors of Greece? If any should relate
Nestor to the Greekes.
This vision, but the king himselfe; it might be held a tale,
And moue the rather our [...]: but since our Generall
Affirmes he saw it, hold it true; and all our best meanes make
To arme our armie. This speech vsde, he first the Councell brake;
The other scepter-bearing States, arose to, and obeyd
The peoples Rector. Being abroad, the earth was ouerlaid
With flockers to them, that came forth: as when, of frequen [...] Bees
Swarmes rise out of a hollow rocke, repairing the degrees
[Page 19]Of their egression endlesly; with euer rising new,
From forth their sweet nest: as their store, still as it faded, grew,
And neuer would ceasse sending forth, her clusters to the spring
They still crowd out so; this flocke here; that there, belabouring
The loaded flowres. So from the ships, and tents, the armies store,
Troopt to these Princes, and the Court; along th'vnmeasur'd shore:
Amongst whom, Ioues Ambassadresse, (Fame) in her vertue shin'd,
[...], [...] [...] [...].
Exciting greedinesse to heare. The rabble thus inclin'd,
Hurried together; vprore seisd, the high Court; earth did grone
Beneath the setling multitude; tumult was there alone.
Thrise three voiciferous heralds rose, to checke the rout, and get
Eare to their Ioue-kept Gouernors; and instantly was set
That huge confusion; euery man, set fast, and clamor ceast:
Then stood diuine Atrides vp, and in his hand comprest
His scepter, th'elaborate worke, of fierie Mulciber:
The [...] of [...].
Who gaue it to Saturnian Ioue; Ioue to his messenger;
His messenger (Argicides,) to Pelops, skild in horse;
Pelops, to Atreus chiefe of men; he dying, gaue it course
To Prince Thyestes, rich in heards; Thyestes to the hand
Of Agamemnon renderd it, and with it, the command
Of many Iles, and Argos, all. On this he leaning, said:
O friends, great sonnes of Danaus, seruants of Mars; Ioue laid
Agamemnon to the Greekes.
A heauie curse on me, to vow, and binde it with the bent
Of his high forehead; that (this Troy, of all her people spent)
I should returne; yet now to mocke, our hopes, built on his vow:
And charge ingloriously my flight; when such an ouerthrow
Of braue friends, I haue authored. But to his mightiest will
We must submit vs; that hath raz't, and will be razing still,
Mens footsteps, from so many townes; because his power is most,
He will destroy most. But how vile, such, and so great an hoast,
Will shew to future times? that matcht, with lesser numbers farre,
We flie, not putting on the crowne, of our so long-held warre?
Of which, there yet appeares no end. Yet should our foes and we
Strike truce, and number both our powers; Troy taking all that be
Her arm'd inhabitants; and we, in tens should all sit downe
At our truce banquet: euerie ten, allow'd one of the towne
To fill his feast-cup; many tens, would their attendant want:
So much I must affirme, our power, exceeds th'inhabitant.
But their auxiliarie bands; those brandishers of speares,
(From many cities drawne) are they, that are our hinderers;
Not suffering well-raisd Troy to fall. Nine yeares are ended now,
Since Ioue our conquest vow'd, and now, our vessels rotten grow,
Our tackling failes, our wiues, yong sonnes, sit in their doores, and long
For our arriuall: yet the worke, that should haue wreakt our wrong,
And made vs welcome, lies vn wrought: Come then, as I bid, all
Obey, and flie to our lou'd home; for now, nor euer shall
Our vtmost, take in broad-waid Troy. This said, the multitude
Was all for home, and all men else, that what this would conclude
[Page 20]Had not discouerd. All the crowd, was shou'd about the shore;
In sway, like rude, and raging waues, rowsd with the feruent blore
Of th'East, and South winds; when they breake, from Ioues clouds, and are borne
On rough backs of th' I carian seas: or like a field of corne
High growne, that Zephyrs vehement gusts, bring easily vnderneath,
And make the stiffe-vp-bristl'd eares, do homage to his breath:
For euen so easily, with the breath, Atrides vsde, was swaid
The violent multitude. To fleet, with showts, and disaraid,
All rusht; and with a fogge of dust, their rude feete, dimd the day;
Each cried to other, cleanse our ships; come, lanch, aboord, away.
The clamor of the runners home, reacht heauen; and then past fate,
The Greekes had left Troy, had not then, the Goddesse of estate,
Thus spoke to Pallas: O foule shame, thou vntam'd seed of Ioue,
Iuno to Pallas.
Shall thus the seas broad backe be charg'd, with these our friends remoue?
Thus leauing Argiue Hellen here? thus Priam grac't? thus Troy?
In whose fields, farre from their lou'd owne, (for Hellens sake) the ioy,
And life of so much Grecian birth, is vanisht? take thy way
T'our brasse-arm'd people; speake them faire, let not a man obey
The charge now giuen, nor lanch one ship. She said, and Pallas did
As she commanded: from the tops, of heauens steepe hill she slid;
And straight, the Greekes swist ships, she reacht: Vlysses, (like to Ioue
In gifts of counsell) she found out; who, to that base remoue,
Stird not a foote, nor toucht a ship; but grieu'd at heart to see
That fault in others. To him close, the blue-eyd deitie
Made way, and said: Thou wisest Greeke, diuine Laertes sonne,
Thus flie ye homewards, to your ships, shall all thus headlong runne?
Glorie to Priam, thus ye leaue; glorie to all his friends,
If thus ye leaue her here; for whom, so many violent ends
Haue closd your Greeke eyes? and so farre, from their so loued home?
Go to these people, vse no stay; with faire termes ouercome
Their foule endeuour: not a man, a flying saile let hoice.
Thus spake she, and Vlysses knew, twas Pallas by her voice:
Ranne to the runners; cast from him, his mantle, which his man
And Herald, graue Eurybates, the Ithacensian
That followd him, tooke vp. Himselfe, to Agamemnon went;
His incorrupted scepter tooke; his scepter of descent;
And with it, went about the fleete. What Prince, or man of name,
He found flight-giuen; he would restraine, with words of gentlest blame;
Good sir, it fits not you to flie, or fare as one afraid;
[...]lysses temper in restraining the flight.
You should not onely stay your selfe, but see the people staid.
You know not clearely (though you heard, the kings words) yet his mind,
He onely tries mens spirits now; and whom his trials find
Apt to this course, he will chastise. Nor you, nor I, heard all
He spake in councell: nor durst preasse, too neare our Generall,
Lest we incenst him to our hurt. The anger of a king
Is mightie; he is kept of Ioue, and from Ioue likewise spring
His honors; which, out of the loue, of wise Ioue, he enioyes.
Thus, he the best sort vsd; the worst, whose spirits brake out in noise,
[Page 21]He cudgeld with his scepter, chid, and said: Stay wretch, be still,
And heare thy betters; thou art base, and both in powre and skill
Poore and vnworthie; without name, in counsell, or in warre.
We must not all be kings: the rule, is most irregularre,
Where many rule; one Lord, one king, propose to thee; and he
To whom wise Saturns sonne hath giuen, both law, and Emperie,
To rule the publicke, is that king. Thus, ruling, he restrain'd
The hoast from flight: and then, againe, the Councell was maintain'd
With such a concourse, that the shore, rung with the tumult made;
As when the farre-resounding sea, doth in his rage inuade
His sandie confines; whose sides grone, with his inuolued waue,
And make his owne breast eccho sighes. All sate, and audience gaue;
Thersites onely would speake all. A most disorderd store
Of words, he foolishly powrd out; of which his mind held more
Then it could manage; any thing, with which he could procure
Laughter, he neuer could containe. He should haue yet bene sure
To touch no kings. T'oppose their states, becomes not iesters parts.
Thersites de­scription.
But he, the filthiest fellow was, of all that had deserts
In Troyes braue siege: he was squint-eyd, and lame of either foote:
So crooke-backt, that he had no breast: sharpe headed, where did shoote
(Here and there sperst) thin mossie haire. He most of all enuide
Vlysses and Aeacides, whom still his splene would chide;
Nor could the sacred king himselfe, auoid his saucie vaine,
Against whom, since he knew the Greekes, did vehement hates sustaine
(Being angrie for Achilles wrong) he cride out; railing thus:
Atrides? why complainst thou now? what wouldst thou more of vs?
Thersites to A­gamemnon.
Thy tents are full of brasse, and dames; the choice of all are thine:
With whom, we must present thee first, when any townes resigne
To our inuasion. Wantst thou then (besides all this) more gold
From Troyes knights, to redeeme their sonnes? whom, to be dearely sold,
I, or some other Greeke, must take? or wouldst thou yet againe,
Force from some other Lord, his prise; to sooth the lusts that raigne
In thy encroching appetite? it fits no Prince to be
A Prince of ill, and gouerne vs; or leade our progenie
By rape to ruine. O base Greekes, deseruing infamie,
And ils eternall: Greekish girls, not Greekes ye are: Come, flie
Home with our ships; leaue this man here, to perish with his preys,
And trie if we helpt him, or not: he wrong'd a man that weys
Farre more then he himselfe in worth: he forc't from Thetis sonne,
And keepes his prise still: nor think I, that mightie man hath wonne
The stile of wrathfull worthily; he's soft, he's too remisse,
Or else Atrides, his had bene, thy last of iniuries.
Thus he the peoples Pastor chid; but straight stood vp to him
Vlysses to Ther­sites.
Diuine Vlysses; who with lookes, exceeding graue, and grim,
This bitter checke gaue: Ceasse, vaine foole, to vent thy railing vaine
On kings thus, though it serue thee well: nor thinke thou canst restraine,
With that thy railing facultie, their wils in least degree,
For not a worse, of all this hoast, came with our king then thee,
[Page 22]To Troys great siege: then do not take, into that mouth of thine,
The names of kings; much lesse reuile, the dignities that shine
In their supreme states; wresting thus, this motion for our home
To sooth thy cowardise; since our selues, yet know not what will come
Of these designments: if it be, our good, to stay, or go:
Nor is it that thou standst on; thou, reuil'st our Generall so,
Onely, because he hath so much, not giuen by such as thou,
But our Heroes. Therefore this, thy rude veine, makes me vow,
(Which shall be curiously obseru'd) if euer I shall heare
This madnesse from thy mouth againe, let not Vlysses beare
This head, nor be the father cald, of yong Telemachus;
If to thy nakednesse, I take, and strip thee not, and thus
Whip thee to fleete from Councell; send, with sharpe stripes, weeping hence,
This glory thou affectst to raile. This said, his insolence
He setl'd with his scepter; strooke, his backe and shoulders so,
That bloody wales rose; he shrunke round; and from his eyes did flow
Moist teares, and looking filthily, he sate, feard, smarted; dried
His blubberd cheekes; and all the preasse, (though grieu'd to be denied,
Their wisht retrait for home) yet laught, delightsomely, and spake
Either to other: O ye Gods, how infinitely take
Vlysses vertues in our good? author of Counsels, great
In ordering armies: how most well, this act became his heate
To beate from Councell this rude foole? I thinke his sawcie spirit
Hereafter will not let his tongue, abuse the soueraigne merit,
Exempt from such base tongues as his. Thus spake the people: then
The citie-razer, Ithacus, stood vp to speake againe,
Holding his Scepter. Close to him, gray-eyd Minerua stood;
And like a herald, silence causd, that all the Achiue brood
(From first to last) might heare and know, the counsell: when (inclind
To all their good) Vlysses said: Atrides, now I find,
Vlysses to A­gamem [...]n and the people.
These men would render thee the shame, of all men; nor would pay,
Their owne vowes to thee, when they tooke, their free and honord way,
From Argos hither; that till Troy, were by their braue hands rac't,
They would not turne home; yet like babes, and widowes, now they hast
To that base refuge. Tis a spite, to see men melted so
In womanish changes. Though tis true, that if a man do go
Onely a moneth to sea, and leaue, his wife farre off, and he
Tortur'd with winters stormes, and tost, with a tumultuous sea,
Growes heauy, and would home; vs then, to whom the thrice three yeare
Hath fild his reuoluble orbe, since our arriuall here,
I blame not, to wish home, much more: yet all this time to stay
(Out of our iudgements) for our end; and now to take our way
Without it, were absurd and vile. Sustaine then friends, abide,
The time set to our obiect: trie, if Calchas prophecied
True of the time or not. We know, ye all can witnesse well
(Whom these late death-conferring-fates, haue faild to send to hell)
That when in Aulis, all our fleet, assembl'd with a freight
Of ils to Ilion, and her friends: beneath the faire growne height
[Page 23]A Platane bore, about a fount, whence christall water flow'd,
And neare our holy altar, we, vpon the Gods bestow'd
Accomplisht Hecatombs; and there, appear'd a huge portent,
A Dragon with a bloody skale, horride to sight, and sent
To light by great Olympius; which crawling from beneath
The Altar, to the Platane climbd; and ruthlesse crasht to death
A Sparrowes yong, in number eight, that in a top-bow lay
Hid vnder leaues: the dam the ninth, that houerd euery way,
Mourning her lou'd birth; till at length, the Serpent watching her,
Her wing caught, and deuourd her too. This dragon, Iupiter
(That brought him forth) turnd to a stone; andb made a powrefull meane
To stirre our zeales vp, that admir'd, when of a fact so cleane
Of all ill as our sacrifice, so fearefull an ostent
Should be the issue. Calchas then, thus prophecied the euent;
Why are ye dumbe strooke, faire-haird Greekes? wise Ioue is he hath showne
This strange ostent to vs. Twas late, and passing lately done,
But that grace it foregoes to vs, for suffering all the state
Of his apparence, (being so slow) nor time shall end, nor fate.
As these eight Sparrowes, and the dam, (that made the ninth) were eate
By this sterne Serpent; so nine yeares, we are t'endure the heate
Of rauenous warre, and in the tenth, take in this broad-waid towne.
Thus he interpreted this signe; and all things haue their crowne
As he interpreted, till now. The rest then, to succeed,
Beleeue as certaine: stay we all, till that most glorious deed
Of taking this rich towne, our hands, are honord with. This said,
The Greekes gaue an vnmeasur'd shout; which backe the ships repaid
With terrible ecchoes, in applause, of that perswasion
Diuine Vlysses vsd; which yet, held no comparison
With Nestors next speech, which was this: O shamefull thing! ye talke
Nestor to the Greeks.
Like children all, that know not warre. In what aires region walke
Our oathes, and couenants? Now I see, the fit respects of men
Are vanisht quite; our right hands giuen, our faiths, our counsels vaine;
Our sacrifice with wine; all fled, in that prophaned flame
We made to bind all: for thus still, we vaine perswasions frame,
And striue to worke our end with words; not ioyning stratagemes
And hands together; though thus long, the powre of our extremes
Hath vrg'd vs to them. Atreus sonne? firme as at first howre stand:
Make good thy purpose; talke no more, in counsels, but command
In actiue field. Let two or three, that by themselues aduise,
Faint in their crowning; they are such, as are not truly wise.
They will for Argos, ere they know, if that which Ioue hath said
Be false or true. I tell them all, that high Ioue bowd his head
As first we went aboord our fleet, for signe we should confer
These Troians, their due fate and death; almightie Iupiter,
All that day darting forth his flames, in an vnmeasur'd light,
On our right hands; let therefore none, once dreame of coward flight,
Till (for his owne) some wife of Troy, he sleepes withall; the rape
Of Hellen wreaking; and our sighes, enforc't for her escape.
[Page 24]If any yet dare dote on home, let his dishonor'd hast
His blacke, and well-built barke but touch, that (as he first disgrac't
His countries spirit) fate, and death, may first his spirit let go.
But be thou wise (king) do not trust, thy selfe, but others. Know
I will not vse an abiect word: see all thy men arraid
In tribes and nations; that tribes, tribes; nations may nations aid:
Which doing, thou shalt know, what chiefs, what souldiers play the men;
And what the cowards: for they all, will fight in seuerall then,
(Easie for note.) And then shalt thou, if thou destroist not Troy,
Know if the prophecies defect, or men thou dost employ
In their approu'd arts, want in warre: or lacke of that braue heate
Fit for the ventrous spirits of Greece, was cause to thy defeate.
To this the king of men replied; O father, all the sonnes
Agamemnon to Nestor.
Of Greece thou conquerst, in the strife, of consultations.
I would to Ioue, Atheni [...], and Phoebus, I could make
(Of all) but ten such Counsellers; then instantly would shake
Kings Priams citie; by our hands, laid hold on, and laid wast.
But Ioue hath orderd I should grieue, and to that end hath cast
My life into debates, past end. My selfe, and Thetis sonne,
(Like girles) in words fought for a girle, and I th'offence begunne:
But if we euer talke as friends, Troys thus deferred fall
Shall neuer vexe vs more one houre. Come then, to victles all,
That strong Mars, all may bring to field; each man his lances steele
See sharpned well; his shield well lin'd, his horses meated well,
His chariot carefully made strong; that these affaires of death,
We all day may hold fiercely out: no man must rest, or breath.
The bosomes of our targatiers, must all be steept in sweate.
The lanciers arme, must fall dissolu'd; our chariot horse with heate▪
Must seeme to melt. But if I find, one souldier take the chase,
Or stirre from fight, or fight not still, fixt in his enemies face;
Or hid a shipboord: all the world, for force, nor price, shall saue
His hated life; but fowles, and dogs, be his abhorred graue.
He said, and such a murmure rose, as on a loftie shore
The waues make, when the Southwind comes, and tumbles them before
Against a rocke, growne neare the strand, which diuersly beset
Is neuer free; but here and there, with varied vprores beat.
All rose then, rushing to the fleete, perfum'd their tents, and eate:
Each offring to th'immortall Gods, and praying to scape th'heate
Of wa [...]e and death. The king of men, an Oxe of fiue yeares spring
T'almightie Ioue slue: call'd the Peeres, first Nestor, then the king
Idomenaeus: after them, th'Aiaces, and the sonne
Of Tydeus; Ithacus the sixth, in counsell Paragon
To Ioue himselfe. All these he bad, but cat-a-martiall-crie.
Good Menelaus, since he saw, his brother busily
Employd at that time, would not stand, on inuitation,
dBut of himselfe came. All about, the offring ouerthrowne
Stood round, tooke salt-cakes, and the king, himselfe thus praid for all:
O Ioue, most great, most glorious, that in that starrie hall,
[Page 25]Sit'st drawing darke clouds vp to aire: let not the Sunne go downe,
Darknesse supplying it; till my hands, the Pallace, and the towne
Of Priam ouerthrow, and burne; the armes on Hectors brest
Diuiding; spoiling with my sword, thousands (in interest
Of his bad quarrell) laid by him, in dust, and eating earth.
He pray'd, Ioue heard him not, but made, more plentifull the birth
Of his sad toiles; yet tooke his gifts. Prayres past, cakes on they threw:
The Oxe then (to the altar drawne,) they kill'd, and from him drew
His hide: then cut him vp; his thighes (in two hewne) dubd with fat,
Prickt on the sweet-breads; and with wood, leauelesse, and kindl'd at
Apposed fire, they burne the thighes; which done, the inwards slit,
They broild on coales, and eate. The rest, in giggots cut, they spit,
Roast cunningly, draw, sit, and feast: nought lackt to leaue alaid
Each temperate appetite; which seru'd, Nestor began and said:
Atrides, most grac't king of men, now no more words allow,
Nestor to Aga­memnon.
Nor more deferre the deed Ioue vowes. Let heralds summon n [...]w
The brasen-coted Greekes; and vs, range euerie where the host,
To stirre a strong warre quickly vp. This speech no sillable lost;
The high-voic't heralds, instantly, he charg'd to call to armes
The curld-head Greeks; they call'd; the Greeks, straight answerd their alarmes.
The Ioue-kept kings, about the king, all gatherd, with their aide
Rang'd all in tribes and nations. With them the gray-eyd maide
Great Aegis (Ioues bright shield) sustain'd, that can be neuer old;
Neuer corrupted, fring'd about, with serpents forg'd of gold,
As many as suffisde to make, an hundred fringes, worth
A hunderd oxen, euerie snake, all sprawling, all set forth
With wondrous spirit. Through the host, with this the Goddesse ranne
In furie, casting round her eyes; and furnisht euerie man
With strength; exciting all to armes, and fight incessant. None
Now lik't their lou'd homes like the warres. And as a fire vpon
A huge wood, on the heights of hils, that farre off hurles his light:
So the diuine brasse shin'd on these, thus thrusting on for fight;
Their splendor through the aire reacht heauen: and as about the flood
Caister, in an Asian meade, flockes of the airie brood,
(Cranes, Geese, or long-neckt Swans) here, there, proud of their pinions ffi [...],
And in their fals lay out such throats, that with their spiritfull crie
The meddow shrikes againe: so here, these many nation'd men,
Flow'd ouer the Scamandrian field; from tents, and ships; the din
Was dreadfull, that the feete of men, and horse, beate out of earth.
And in the florishing meade they stood, thicke as the odorous birth
Of flowres, or leaues bred in the spring; or thicke as swarmes of flies
Throng then to ship-coates; when each swarme, his erring wing applies
To milke deawd on the milke maids pailes: all eagerly disposd,
To giue to ruine th'Ilians. And as in rude heapes closd
Though huge Goate-heards are at their food, the Goate-heards easly yet,
Sort into sundry heards; so here, the Chiefes in battell set,
Here tribes, here nations, ordring all. Amongst whom shin'd the king,
With eyes, like lightning-louing Ioue; his forehead answering▪
[Page 26]In breast like Neptune; Mars in waste: and as a goodly Bull
Most eminent of all a heard, most strong, most masterfull;
So Agamemnon, Ioue that day, made ouerheighten clere,
That heauen-bright armie; and preferd, to all th'Heroes there.
Now tell me Muses, you that dwell, in heauenly roofes (for you
Are Goddesses; are present here, are wise, and all things know;
We onely trust the voyce of fame, know nothing:) who they were
That here were captains of the Greekes? Commanding Princes here,
The multitude exceed my song; though fitted to my choice
Ten tongues were, hardned pallats ten, a breast of brasse, a voyce
Infract, and trumplike: that great worke, vnlesse the seed of Ioue
(The deathlesse Muses) vndertake, maintaines a pitch aboue
All mortall powers. The Princes then, and nauie that did bring
Those so inenarrable troopes; and all their soyles, I sing.

The Catalogue of the Grecian ships and Captaines.

PEneleus, and Leitus, all that Boeotia bred,
The Boeotian captaines.
Arcesilaus, Clonius, and Prothoaenor, led;
Th'inhabitants of Hyria, and stonie Aulida;
Schaene, Schole, the hilly Eteon, and holy Thespia;
Of Graea, and great Mycalesse, that hath the ample plaine;
Of Harma, and Ilesius, and all that did remaine,
The places in Boeotia.
In Erith, and in Eleon; in Hylen, Peteona,
In faire Ocalea, and the towne, well builded, Medeona;
Capas, Eutresis, Thisbe that, for Pigeons doth surpasse;
Of Coroneia, Harliart; that hath such store of grasse.
All those that in Platea dwelt, that Glissa did possesse;
And Hypothebs, whose wel-built wals, are rare and fellowlesse;
In rich Onchestus famous wood, to watrie Neptune vow'd;
And Arne, where the vine-trees are, with vigorous bunches bow'd:
With them that dwelt in Mydea, and Nissa most diuine.
All those whom vtmost Anthedon, did wealthily confine.
From all these coasts in generall, full fiftie saile were sent,
The nauie of the Boeotians fiftie.
And sixscore strong, Boeotian youths, in euerie burthen went.
But those who in Aspledon dwelt, and Mynian Orchomen;
God Mars his sonnes did leade (Ascalaphus, and Ialmen.)
Ascalaphus and Ialmenus, sonnes of Mars.
Who in Azidon Astors house, did of Astioche come;
The bashfull Maide, as she went vp, into the higher roome,
The warre-god secretly comprest: in safe conduct of these,
Did thirtie hollow-bottom'd barkes, diuide the wauie seas.
Their nauie 30.
Braue Schedius and Epistrophus, the Phocean captaines were,
The Phocensian captains Sche­dius and Epi­strophus.
Naubolida, Iphitus sonnes, all-proofe gainst any feare;
With them the Cyparisians went, and bold Pythonians,
Men of religious Chrysas soyle, and fat Daulidians:
Panopaeans, Anemores, and fierce Hyampolists:
And those that dwell where Cephisus, casts vp his silken mists.
[Page 27]The men that faire [...] held, neare the Cephisian spring▪
All which did fortie sable barkes, to that designement bring.
[...] 40.
About th'entoyld Phocensian fleete, had these their saile assignde:
And neare to the sinister wing, the arm'd Boeotians shinde.
Aiax the lesse, Oileus sonne, the Locrians led to warre,
Aiax, Oielus, captaines of the [...].
Not like to Aiax Telamon, but lesser man by farre.
Little he was, and euer wore, a breastplate made of linne;
But for the manage of his lance, he generall praise did winne.
The dwellers of Caliarus, of Bessa, Opoen;
The towns of the [...].
The youths of Cynus, Scarphis, and, Augias, louely men;
Of Tarphis, and of Thronius, neare flood Boagrius fall;
Twise twentie martiall barkes of these, lesse Aiax saild withall.
Their [...] 40.
Who neare Euboeas blessed soile, their habitations had,
Strength-breathing Abants, who their seats, in sweet Euboea made:
Euboeans and their townes.
The Astiaeans rich in grapes, the men of Chalcida;
The Cerinths, bordring on the sea, of rich Eretria;
Of Dyons highly-seated towne; Charistus, and of Styre;
All these the Duke Alphenor led, a flame of Mars his fire;
Alphenor their Commander.
Surnam'd Chalcodontiades, the mightie Abants guide;
Swift men of foot, whose broad-set backes, their trailing haire did hide,
Well seene in fight, and soone could pierce, with farre extended darts
The breast plates of their enemies, and reach their dearest hearts.
Their fleet 40.
Fortie blacke men of warre did saile, in this Alphenors charge.
The souldiers that in Athens dwelt, a citie builded large,
The Athenians.
The people of Eristhius, whom Ioue-sprung Pallas fed:
And plentious-feeding Tellus brought, out of her flowrie bed:
Him, Pallas plac't in her rich Fane, and euerie ended yeare,
Of Buls and Lambes, th'Athenian youths, please him with offrings there.
Mightie Menestheus, Peteus sonne, had their deuided care:
Menesth [...]us their Ch [...]ife.
For horsemen and for targatiers, none could with him compare:
Nor put them into better place, to hurt or to defend:
But Nestor (for he elder was) with him did sole contend:
With him came fiftie sable saile. And out of Salamine
[...] [...] 50.
Great Aiax brought twelue saile, that with, th'Athenians did combine.
Who did in fruitfull Argos dwell; or strong Hyrintha keepe:
The Salamines ioined with thē. Their leader A­iax Telamonius. Ships 12.
Hermion, or in Asinen, whose bosome is so deepe;
Traezena, Elion, Epida re, where Bacchus crownes his head;
Egina, and Mazetas soyle, did follow Diomed.
The [...] Diomed their captaine with [...] and Eurialus.
And Sthenelus, the deare lou'd sonne, of famous Capaneus:
Together with Eurialus, heire of Mecistaeus,
The king of Talaeonides; past whom, in deeds of warre,
The famous souldier Diomed, of all was held by farre;
Fourescore blacke ships did follow these. The men faire Mycene held:
Their fleet 80. saile.
The wealthy Corinth, Cleon that, for beautious sight exceld:
The [...] ▪ Their townes.▪
A [...]aethiraeas louely seate, and in Ornias plaine,
And Sicyona, where at first, did king Adrastus raigne:
High seated Gonoessas towers, and Hyperisius;
That dwelt in fruitfull Pellenen, and in diuine Aegius:
[Page 28]With all the sea-side borderers, and wide Helices friends;
To Agamemnon euerie towne, her natiue birth commends,
Agamemnon captaine.
In double fiftie sable barks: with him a world of men
Ships 100.
Most strong and full of valure went: and he in triumph then
Put on his most resplendent armes, since he did ouershine
The whole heroique host of Greece, in power of that designe.
Who did in [...] rule, th'vnmeasur'd concaue hold:
The Laced [...]mo­nians and their townes.
High Phares, Spartas, Messes towers, for doues so much extold;
Bryseias and Augias grounds; strong Laa, Oetylon;
Amyclas, Helos harbor-towne, that Neptune beats vpon:
All these did Menelaus leade, (his brother that in cries
Menelaus cap­taine.
Of warre was famous) sixtie ships, conuaid these enemies,
Ships 60.
To Troy in chiefe; because their king, was chiefly iniur'd there,
In Hellens rape; and did his best, to make them buy it deare.
Who dwelt in Pylos sandie soyle, and Arene the faire;
The Pylians and their townes.
In Thryon, neare Alphaeus flood, and Aepy full of aire:
In Cyparisseus, Amphygen, and little P [...]eleon;
The towne where all the Iliots dwelt, and famous Doreon;
Where all the Muses (opposite, in strife of Poesie,
To ancient Thamyris of Thrace) did vse him cruelly;
Thamyris depri­ued of sight and Poesie by the Muses.
He coming from Eurytus court, the wise Oechalian king:
Because he proudly durst affirme, he could more sweetly sing,
Then that Pyerean race of Ioue; who (angrie with his vant)
Bereft his eye-sight, and his song, that did the eare enchant;
And of his skill to touch his Harpe, disfurnished his hand:
All these in ninetie hollow keeles, graue Nestor did command.
Nestor captaine. Ships 90.
The richly blest inhabitants of the Arcadian land
The Arcadians and their towns.
Below Cyllenes mount, that by, Epyrus tombe did stand;
Where dwell the bold neare-fighting men; who did in Phaeneus liue:
And Orchomen, where flockes of sheepe, the shepheards clustering driue:
In Rypé and in Stratié, the faire Mantinean towne;
And strong Enispe, that for height, is euer weather-blowne;
Tegea, and in Stimphalus; Parrhasia strongly wall'd;
All these Alcaeus sonne, to field (king Agapenor) call'd;
Agapenor their leader.
In sixtie barks he brought them on, and euerie barke well mand,
Ships 60.
With fierce Arcadians, skild to vse, the vtmost of a band.
King Agamemnon on these men, did well-built ships bestow,
To passe the gulfie purple sea, that did no sea rites know.
They who in Hermin, Buphrasis, and Elis did remaine,
The Epians and their townes.
What Olens Cliffes, Alisius, and Myrsin did containe;
Were led to warre by twise two Dukes, and each ten ships did bring,
Sphips 40.
Which many venterous Epyans, did serue for burthening.
Beneath Alphimacus his charge, and valiant Talphius,
Sonne of Euritus Actor, one; the other Cteatus;
Captaines Alphimachus, Talphius, Diores Polixenus.
Diores Amarincides, the other did imploy;
The fourth diuine Polixenus, Agasthenis his ioy:
The king of faire Angeiades, who from Dulichius came,
And from Euchinaus sweet Iles, which hold their holy frame
[Page 29]By ample Elis region, Meges Phelides led:
[...] [...].
Whom Duke Phyleus, Ioues belou'd, begat, and whilome fled
To large Dulychius for the wrath, that fir'd his fathers breast.
Twise twentie ships with Ebon sailes, were in his charge addrest.
Ships 40.
The war-like men of Cephale, and those of Ithaca,
The [...] and their towns.
Wooddy Nerytus, and the men, of wet Crocilia:
Sharpe Aegilipha, Samos Ile, Zacynthus, sea-enclosd;
Epyrus, and the men that hold, the Continent opposd;
All these did wise Vlysses leade, in counsell Peere to Ioue:
Vlysses captaine. Ships. 12.
Twelue ships he brought, which in their course, vermilion sternes did moue.
Thoas, Andremons wel-spoke sonne, did guide th'Etolians well;
The Aetolians their captaines and townes.
Those that in Pleuron, Olenon, and strong Pylene dwell:
Great Calcis that by sea-side stands, and stony Calydon;
For now no more of Oeneus sonnes, suruiu'd; they all were gone:
Thoas captaine.
No more his royall selfe did liue, no more his noble sonne,
The golden Meleager; now, their glasses all were run.
All things were left to him in charge, the Aetolians Chiefe he was,
And fortie ships to Troian warres, the seas with him did passe.
Ships. 40.
The royall souldier Idomen, did leade the Cretans stout:
The Cretans▪ their townes and Captaines.
The men of Gnossus, and the towne, Cortima, wall'd about.
Of Lictus and Myletus towres, of white Lycastus state,
Of Phestus and of Rhistias, the cities fortunate:
And all, the rest inhabiting, the hundred townes of Crete;
Whom warre-like Idomen did leade, copartner in the fleete,
A hundred cities in Crete.
With kil-man Merion; eightie ships, with them did Troy inuade.
Ships 80.
Tlepolemus Heraclides, right strong and bigly made,
Brought nine tall ships of warre from Rhodes, which hautie Rhodians mand,
Who dwelt in three disseuer'd parts, of that most pleasant land;
Which Lyndus and Ialissus were, and bright Camyrus, cald:
Tlepolemus commanded these, in battell vnappald:
Tlepolemus Cō ­mander of the Rhodians.
Whom faire Astioche brought forth, by force of Hercules;
Led out of Ephyr with his hand, from riuer Sellees;
Ships 9.
When many townes of princely youths, he leueld with the ground.
Tlepolem (in his fathers house, for building much renownd,
Brought vp to head-strong state of youth) his mothers brother slue,
The flowre of armes, Lycymnius, that somewhat aged grew:
Then straight he gathred him a fleete, assembling bands of men,
And fled by sea, to shun the threats, that were denounced then,
By other sonnes and nephewes of, th'Alciden fortitude.
He in his exile came to Rhodes, driuen in with tempests rude:
The Rhodians were distinct in tribes, and great with Ioue did stand,
The king of men and Gods, who gaue, much treasure to their land.
Nireus, out of Symas hauen, three wel-built barkes did bring;
The Sym [...]ns.
Nireus faire Aglaias sonne, and Charopes the king:
Nireus their Chiefe, [...] of all the Greekes but [...]. Ships 3.
Nireus was the fairest man, that to faire Ilion came,
Of all the Greekes, saue Peleus sonne; who past for generall frame.
But weake this was, not fit for warre, and therefore few did guide.
Who did in Cassus, Nisyrus, and Crapathus abide,
[Page 30]In Co, Euripilus his towne, and in Calydnas soyles,
The [...] and other Ilan­ders.
Phydippus and bold Antiphus, did guide to Troian toyles;
The sonnes of crowned Thessalus, deriu'd from Hercules,
Their Chiefe Phydippus and Antiphus.
Who went with thirtie hollow ships, well ordred to the seas.
Now will I sing the sackfull troopes, Pelasgian Argos held,
Ships 30.
That in deepe Alus, Alopé, and soft Trechina dweld;
The Pelasgians Thessal. Myrmi­dons.
In Pthya and in Hellade, where liue the louely dames,
The Myrmidons, Helenians, and Achiues, robd of Fames:
All which the great Aeacides, in fiftie ships did leade.
Achilles their Captaine.
For, these forgat warres horride voice, because they lackt their head,
Ships 50.
That would haue brought them brauely foorth; but now at fleete did lie,
That wind-like vser of his feet, faire Thetis progenie;
Wroth for bright-cheekt Bryseis losse; whom from Lyrnessus spoiles,
(His owne exploit) he brought away, as trophee of his toiles,
When that town [...] was depopulate; he sunke the Theban towres;
Myneta, and Epistrophus, he sent to Plutoes bowres,
Who came of king Euenus race, great Helepiades:
Yet now heidely liues enrag'd, but soone must leaue his ease.
Of those that dwelt in Phylace, and flowrie Pyrrason
Philacei, and their townes.
The wood of Ceres, and the soyle, that sheepe are fed vpon,
Iten and Antron, built by sea, and [...] full of grasse,
Protesilaus while he liu'd, the worthie captaine was:
Protesilaus cap­taine.
Whom now the sable earth detaines: his teare-torne faced spouse
He wofull left in Philace, and his halfe finisht house:
A fatall Dardane first his life, of all the Greekes, bereft,
As he was leaping from his ship; yet were his men vnleft
Without a Chiefe; for though they wisht, to haue no other man,
But good Protesilay their guide; Podarces yet began
To gouerne them, Iphitis sonne, the sonne of Philacus,
Most rich in sheepe, and brother to, short-liu'd Protesilaus:
Of yonger birth, lesse, and lesse strong; yet seru'd he to direct
The companies, that still did more, their ancient Duke affect.
Twise twentie Iettie sailes with him, the swelling streame did take.
Ships. 40.
But those that did in Pheres dwell, at the Baebreian lake,
The Phereians and their towns.
In Baebe, and in Glaphir [...], Iaolcus builded faire:
In thrise sixe ships to Pergamus: did through the seas repaire,
With old Admetes tender sonne, Eumelus, whom he bred,
Eumelus cap­taine.
Of Alcest Pelius fairest child, of all his femall seed.
Ships 11.
The souldiers that before the siege, Methones vales did hold:
The Methonians and their bor­derers.
Thaumaciae, flowrie Melibae, and Olison the cold,
Duke Philoctetes gouerned, in darts of finest sleight:
Their chiefe, Philoctetes, left maimed at [...].
Seuen vessels in his charge conuaid, their honorable freight;
By fiftie rowers in a barke, most expext in the bow:
But he in sacred Lemnos lay, brought miserably low,
By torment of an vlcer growne, with Hydras poyson'd bloud:
Whose sting was such, Greece left him there, in most impatient moode:
Medon Oyleus base sonne, cap­taine in Philoct. place.
Yet thought they on him at his ship, and chusde to leade his men,
Medon, Oyleus bastard sonne, brought forth to him by R [...]en.
[Page 31]From Thricce, bleake Ithomens cliffes, and haplesse Oechaly:
The Thriccians, [...], and [...], whose captaines were [...] and Machaon.
Eurites citie rul'd by him, in wilfull tyranny,
In charge of Esculapius sonnes, physition highly praisd:
Machaon, Podalirius, were thirtie vessels raisd:
Who neare Hiperias fountaine dwelt, and in Ormenius:
Ships 30.
The snowy tops of Titannus, and in Asterius:
The Ormenians, with their bor­derers.
Euemons sonne Euripilus, did leade into the field:
Whose townes did fortie blacke-saild ships, to that encounter yeeld.
Their captaine Euripilus.
Who Gyrton, and Argissa held, Orthen and Elons seate,
Ships 40.
And chalkie Oloossine, were led by Polypete;
[...] with their borderers.
The issue of Perithous, the sonne of Iupiter.
[...] their chiefe, and [...], Ships 40.
Him the Athenian Theseus friend, Hypodamy did beare;
When he the bristled sauages: did giue Ramnusia,
And draue them out of Pelius, as farre as Ethica.
He came not single, but with him, Leonteus, Corons sonne,
An arme of Mars; and Corons life, Ceneus seed begunne.
Twise twentie ships, attended these. Cuneus next did bring,
The Cyphians, Enians, Pera­bians.
From Cyphus, twentie saile and two, the Enians following;
And fierce Peraebi, that about, Dodones frozen mold,
Did plant their houses, and the men, that did the medowes hold,
Their chiefe Guneus.
Which Titoresius deckes with flowers, and his sweet current leades,
Ships 22.
Into the bright Peneius, that hath the siluer heads.
Yet with his admirable streame, doth not his waues commixe;
But glides aloft on it like oyle: fortis the floud of Stix,
By which th'immortall Gods do sweare. Teuthredons honor'd birth
Prothous led the Magnets forth, who neare the shadie earth,
The Magnets. Prothous their chiefe.
Of Pelius, and Peneion, dwelt; fortie reuengefull saile
Did follow him; these were the Dukes, and Princes of auaile,
That came from Greece: but now the man, that ouershin'd them all;
Ships 40.
Sing Muse: and their most famous Steeds, to my recitall call,
That both th' Atrides followed; faire Pheretiedes,
The brauest mares, did bring by much; Eumelius manag'd these:
Eumelius had the best mares of the armie.
Swift of their feete as birds of wings; both of one haire did shine,
Both of an age, both of a height, as measur'd by a line:
Whom siluer-bow'd Apollo bred, in the Pierean meade;
Both slicke and daintie, yet were both, in warre of wondrous dread.
Great Aiax Telamon for strength, past all the Peeres of warre,
Aiax Telamo­nius the stron­gest Greeke next Achill [...].
While vext Achilles was away: but he surpast him farre.
The horse that bore that faultlesse man, were likewise past compare:
Yet lay he at the crookt-stern'd ships, and furie was his fare,
Achilles the best horse.
For Atreus sonnes vngracious deed: his men yet pleasd their hearts,
With throwing of the holed stone; with hurling of their darts,
And shooting fairely on the shore. Their horse at chariots fed,
On greatest parsly, and on sedge, that in the fens is bred.
His Princes tents their chariots held, that richly couerd were.
His Princes, amorous of their Chiefe, walkt storming here and there,
About the host, and scorn'd to fight: their breaths, as they did passe,
Before them flew, as if a fire, fed on the trembling grasse.
[Page 32]Earth vnder-gron'd their high raisd feet, as when offended Ioue,
In Arime, Tiphocus, with ratling thunder droue,
Beneath the earth: in Arime, men say the graue is still,
Where thunder tomb'd Typhoeus, and is a monstrous hill.
And as that thunder made earth grone, so gron'd it as they past,
They trode with such hard-set-downe steps, and so exceeding fast.
To Troy the rainbow-girded dame, right heauie newes relates,
Iris to the Tro­ians, from Ioue.
From Ioue (as all to Councell drew, in Priams Pallace gates)
Resembling Priams sonne in voice, Polytes swift of feet:
In trust whereof (as Sentinell, to see when from the fleet,
The Grecians sallied) he was set, vpon the loftie brow
Of aged Esietes tombe, and this did Iris show;
O Priam thou art alwaies pleasd, with indiscreet aduise:
Iris to Priam.
And fram'st thy life to times of peace, when such a warre doth rise
As threats ineuitable spoyle; I neuer did behold
Such and so mightie troupes of men, who trample on the mold,
In number like Autumnus leaues, or like the marine sand:
All ready round about the walles, to vse a ruining hand.
Hector? I therefore charge thee most, this charge to vndertake:
A multitude remaine in Troy, will fight for Priams sake,
Of other lands and languages; let euerie leader then
Bring forth, well arm'd into the field, his seuerall bands of men.
Strong Hector knew, a deitie, gaue charge to this assay:
Dismist the Councell straight; like waues, clusters to armes do sway:
The ports are all wide open set: out rusht the troopes in swarmes,
Both horse and foote, the citie rung, with suddaine cryed alarmes.
A Columne stands without the towne, that high his head doth raise,
[...] tumulus
A little distant, in a plaine, trod downe with diuers waies:
Which men do Batieia call, but the immortals name
Myrinnes famous sepulcher, the wondrous actiue dame.
Here were th' Auxiliarie bands, that came in Troyes defence,
Distinguisht vnder seuerall guides, of speciall excellence.
The Duke of all the Troian power, great helme-deckt Hector was:
Hector Generall of the Troians.
Which stood of many mightie men, well skild in darts of brasse:
Aeneas of commixed seed (a goddesse with a man,
The catalogue of other captaines.
Anchises, with the Queene of loue:) the troopes Dardanian,
Dardans, and Aeneas their captain [...].
Led to the field; his louely Sire, in Idas lower shade,
Begat him of sweet Cypridis; he solely was not made
Chiefe leader of the Dardan powers: Antenors valiant sonnes,
Archilochus, and Acamas, were ioyn'd companions.
Archiloc [...]s. Acamas.
Who in Zelia dwelt, beneath, the sacred foote of Ide,
That drinke of blacke Aesepus streame, and wealth made full of pride;
(The Aphnij) Lycaons sonne, whom Phoebus gaue his bow,
The Aphnij.
Pandarus their leader.
(Prince Pandarus) did leade to field. Who Adrestinus owe,
(Apesus citie, Pitai, and mount Tereies)
Adrestus, and stout Amphius led; who did their Sire displease,
Their Chiefe Adrestus and Amphius.
(Merops Percosius) that exceld, all Troy in heauenly skill,
Of futures-searching prophesie: for much against his will,
[Page 33]His sonnes were agents in those armes: whom since they disobeyd;
The Fates, in letting slip their threds, their hastie valures staid.
Who in Percotes, Practius; Arisbe did abide,
Percosians, S [...] ­stians, Abidens, [...] ▪ led by Asius.
Who Sestus and Abidus bred, Hyrtacides did guide:
Prince Asius Hyrtacides, that through great Selees force,
Brought from Arisba to that fight, the great and fierie horse.
Pyleus, and Hypothous, the stout Pelasgians led,
The Pelasgians.
Their chiefe, [...] ▪ and [...].
Of them Larissas fruitfull soyle, before had nourished:
These were Pelasgian Pithus sonnes, sonne of Teutamidas.

The Thracian guides were Pyrous, and valiant Acamas. The Thracians.

Of all that the impetuous flood, of Hellespont enclosd,
Their chiefe Py­rous & [...].
Euphemus, the Ciconian troopes, in his command disposd;
Euphemus Capt. of the Ciconians.
Who from Trezenius Ceades, right nobly did descend.
Pyrechmes did the Peons rule, that crooked bowes do bend.
Pyrechm [...]s Com­mander of the [...].
From Axius out of Amidon, he had them in command:
From Axius, whose most beautious streame, still [...] the land.
Pylemen with the well arm'd heart, the Paphlagonians led,
Pylemē captain of the Paphla­gonians.
From Enes, where the race of mules, fit for the plough is bred:
The men that broad Cytorus bounds, and Sesamus enfold▪
About Parthenius loftie floud, in houses much extold;
From Cromna and Aegialus, the men that armes did beare,
And Eurithymus situate high, Pylemens soldiers were.
Epistrophus and Dius did, the Halizonians guide,
[...], their captaine Epistrophus and Dius.
Far-fetcht from Alybe, where first, the siluer mines were tride.
Chronius, and Augur Eunomus, the Mysians did command,
Who could not with his auguries, the strength of death withstand:
The Mysians. Eunomus and C [...]ronius.
But suffred it beneath the stroke, of great Aeacides,
In Xanthus; where he made more soules, diue to the Stygian seas.
Phorcys and faire Ascanius, the Phrygians brought to warre;
The [...]. Their Chiefes Phorcis and [...]
Well train'd for battell, and were come, out of Ascania farre.
With Methles, and with Antiphus (Pylemens sonnes) did fight,
The men of Mezon, whom the fenne, Gygaea brought to light.
And those Maeonians that beneath, the mountaine Tmolus sprong;
The [...]. Antiphus and Methles cap­taines.
The rude vnletterd Caribae, that barbarous were of tongue,
Did vnder Naustes colours march, and young Amphimachus,
(Nomyons famous sonnes) to whom, the mountaine Phthirorus,
The [...] ▪ and Milesians led by Amphimacus and Naustes.
That with the famous wood is crown'd; Miletus, Micales,
That hath so many loftie markes, for men that loue the seas;
The crooked armes Meander bow'd, with his so snakie flood,
Resign'd for conduct the choice youth, of all their martiall brood▪
The foole Amphimachus, to field, brought gold to be his wracke;
Proude-gi [...]lelike that doth euer beare, her dowre vpon her backe;
Which wise Achilles markt; slue him, and tooke his gold in strife,
At Xanthus floud; so little death, did feare his golden life.
The Lycians whose Comman­ders were Sarpe don & [...].
Sarpedon led the Lycians, and Glaucus vnreprou'd,
From Lycia and the gulfie flood, of Xanthus farre remou'd.


a [...], &c. Sicut examina prodeunt apum frequentium, &c. In thu Si­mile, [Page 34] Virgil (vsing the like in imitation) is preferd to Homer; with what reason I pray you see. Their ends are different: Homer intending to expresse the infinite mul­titude of souldiers euerie where dispersing; Virgil, the diligence of builders. Virgils Simile is this. 1. Aeneid.

Qualis apes aestate noua, per florea rura
Exercet sub sole labor; cum gentis adultos
Educunt foetus; aut cum liquentia mella
Stipant; & dulci distendunt Nectare cellas;
Aut onera accipiunt venientum; aut agmine facto;
Ignauum fucos pecus à praesepibus arcent:
Feruet opus; redolent thymo fragrantia mella.

Now compare this with Homers, but in my translation; and iudge if to both their ends, there be any such betternesse in Virgils: but that the reuerence of the scholler, due to the maister (euen in these his maligners) might well haue containd their lame censures of the Poeticall furie; from these vnmannerlie and hatefull comparisons. E­specially, since Virgil hath nothing of his owne, but onely elocution; his inuention, matter, and forme, being all Homers: which laid by a man; that which he addeth, is onelie the worke of a woman, to netifie and polish. Nor do I, alas, but the formost ranke of the most ancient and best learned that euer were, come to the field for Homer; hiding all other Poets vnder his ensigne: hate not me then, but them; to whom, before my booke I referre you. But much the rather I insist on the sormer Simile; for the word [...], cateruatim, or confertim, which is noted by Spon­danus to containe all the [...], reddition, or application of the comparison; and is nothing so. For though it be all the reddition Homer expresseth; yet he intends two speciall parts in the application more; which he leaues to his iudicial readers vnderstanding, as he doth in all his other Similes: since a man may peruial­ly (or as he passeth) discerne all that is to be vnderstood. And here, besides the throngs of souldiers, exprest in the swarmes of Bees; he intimates the infinite number in those throngs or companies, issuing from fleete so ceaslesly, that there appeared al­most no end of their issue: and thirdly, the euerie where dispersing themselues. But Spondanus would excuse Homer, for expressing no more of his application; with affirming it impossible; that the thing compared, and the comparison, should answer in all parts; and therefore alledges the vulgar vnderstanding of a Simile, which is as grosse as it is vulgar; that a similitude must vno pede semper claudicare. His reason for it as absurd as the rest: which is this, si ea inter se omnino respōderent, falleret illud axioma, nullum simile est idem; as though the generall application of the compared, and the comparison, would make them any thing more the same, or all one; more then the swarmes of Bees, and the throng of souldiers are allone, or the same; for answering most aptly. But that a Simile must needs halt of one foote still; showeth how lame vulgar tradition is, especially in her censure of Poesie. For who at first sight, will not conceiue it absurd to make a Simile; which ser [...]es to the illustration and ornament of a Poeme; lame of a foote, and idle? The incredible vio­lence suffered by Homer in all the rest of his most inimitable Similes, being exprest in his place, will abundantly proue the stupiditie of this tradition: and how iniuriously short his interpreters must needs come of him, in his streight and deepe places; when in his open and faire passages, they halt and hang backe so.

b [...] &c. hunc quidem clarū (or illustrem) fecit Deus; as it is by all translated; wherein I note the strange abuse (as I apprehend it) of the word [Page 35] [...] beginning here, & continuing wheresoeuer it is found in these Iliads. It is by the transition of Z into [...] in deriuation, according to the Doricke: for which cause our Interpreters will needs haue Homer intend [...] which is clarus or illustris, when he himselfe saith, [...] which is a compound of [...] which is valde, and [...] and signifies, quem valde aemulamur, or valde aemulandus, according to Scap. But because [...] is most authentically expounded, impetus mentis ad cultum diui­num, that exposition I follow in this place, and expound [...] hunc quidem magnum impulsum ad cultum diuinum fecit Deus; because he turned so sodainly and miraculously the Dragon to a stone. To make it [...], and say, clarum, or illustrem fecit Deus; qui ostendit, or ostenderat, (which followes in the verse) and saith thus much in our tongue: God that shewed this, made it cleare; is verie little more, then God that shewed this, shewed it. One way it obserues the word (betwixt which, and the other, you see what great difference) and is faire, [...]ll, graue; the other alters the originall, and is vglie, emptie, idle.

c [...], &c, Spontanens autem ei venit, voce bonus Menelaus; and some say bello strenuus Menelaus: which is farre estranged from the mind of our Homer, [...] signifying vociferatio, or clamor, though some will haue it pugna, ex consequenti; because fights are often made with clamor. But in bello strenuus, (vnlesse it be ironically taken) is here straind beyond sufferance, & is to be expounded vociferatione bonus Menelaus: which agreeth with that part of his character in the next booke, that telleth his maner of vtterance or voice: which is [...] valde stridulè, or arguto cum stridore; [...] being commonly and most properlie taken in the worse part, and signifieth shrillae, or noisefullie, squeaking: howsoeuer in the vulgar conuersion it is in that place most grosselie abused. To the consideration whereof, being of much importance, I referre you in his place. And in the meane time shew you, that in this first and next verse, Homer (speaking scopti­cally) breakes open the fountaine of his ridiculous humor following: neuer by anie in­terpreter vnderstood, or touched at, being yet the most ingenious conceited person that any man can shew in any heroicall Poeme, or in any Comicke Poet. And that you may something perceiue him before you reade to him in his seuer all places: I will, as I can, in haste, giue you him here together, as Homer at all parts presents him: viz. simple, wel-meaning, standing still affectedlie on telling truth, small, and shrill voi­ced (not sweet, or eloquent, as some most against the haire would haue him) short spo­ken, after his countrie the Laconicall manner: yet speaking thicke and fast, industri­ous in the field, and willing to be emploied. And (being mollis Bellator himselfe) set still to call to euerie hard seruice, the hardiest. Euen by the wit of Aiax, plaid vpon, about whom he would still be diligent: and what he wanted of the martiall furie and facultie himselfe, that he would be bold to supplie out of Aiax: Aiax and he, to any for blowes: Antilochus and he for wit: (Antilochus old Nestors (onne, a most in­genious, valiant, and excellentlie formed person.)

Sometimes valiant, or daring, (as what coward is not) sometimes falling vpon sentence, and good matter in his speeches (as what meanest capacitie doth not?) Nor vseth our most inimitable Imitator of nature, this crosse and deformed mixture of his parts, more to colour and auoid too broad a taxation of so eminent a person; then to follow the true life of nature, being often, or alwaies, exprest so disparent in her crea­tures. And therefore the decorum that some poore Criticks haue stood vpon; to make fooles alwaies foolish, cowards at all times cowardly, &c. is farre from the variant order of nature, whose principles being contrary, her productions must needes con­taine [Page 36] the like opposition.

But now to the first; [...], &c. Spontaneus autem ei venit, &c. about which, a passing great peece of worke is pickt out by our greatest Philoso­phers, touching the vnbidden coming of Menelaus to supper or Counsell, which some commend; others condemne in him: but the reason why he staid not the inuitement, rendered immediatly by Homer, none of thē will vnderstand, viz. [...], &c. sciebat enim in animo quantum frater laborabat: of which verse his inter­preters crie out for the expunction, onely because it was neuer entered in their appre­hension; which I more then admire (for the easinesse of it) so freely offering it selfe to their entertainment; and yet vsing the hoofe of Pegasus, onely with a touch breaking open (as abouesaid) the fountaine of his humor. For thus I expound it, (laying all againe together, to make it plaine enough for you,) Agamemn [...]n inuiting all the chiefe Commanders to supper, left out his brother; but he, seeing how much his bro­ther was troubled about the dreame, and busied, would not stand vpon inuitement, but came of himselfe. And this being spoken Scopticé, or by way of irrision, argueth what manner of man he made of him. Ineptus enim (as it is affirmed in Plutarch, 1. Symp. and second question) fuit Menelaus, & locum dedit prouerbio, qui ad consilium dandum accessisset, non [...]: And to this place he had reference, because a Councell of warre was to be held at this supper. And here (I say) Homer o­pened the veine of his simplicitie, not so much in his going vnbidden to supper, and Counsell, as in the reason for it ironically rendered; that he knew his brother was busie, &c. And yet that addition, without which the very sence of our Poet is not safe, our in­terpreters would haue raced.

The end of the second Booke.


PAris (betwixt the Hoasts) to single fight
(Of all the Greekes) dares the most hardie knight:
King Menelaus, doth accept his braue,
Conditioning that he againe should haue
Faire Helena, with all she brought to Troy,
If he subdu'd; else Paris should enioy
Her, and her wealth, in peace. Conquest doth grant
Her deare wreath to the Grecian combattant;
But Venus, to her champions life doth yeeld
Safe rescue, and conueyes him from the field,
Into his chamber; and for Hellen sends;
Whom much, her louers foule disgrace offends;
Yet Venus, for him still makes good her charmes,
And ends the second combat in his armes.
Another Argument.
Gamma, the single fight doth sing
Twixt Paris, and the Spartan king.
WHen euery least Commanders will, best souldiers had obaide,
And both the hosts were rang'd for fight, the Troians would haue fraid
The Greeks with noises; crying out, in coming rudely on:
At all parts like the Cranes that fill, with harsh confusion,
The [...] compared to Cranes.
Of brutish clanges, all the aire: and in ridiculous warre,
(Eschuing the vnsufferd stormes, shot from the winters starre)
Visite the Ocean; and conferre, the Pygmei souldiers death.
The silent assalt of the Greekes.
The Greeks charg'd silent, and like men, bestow'd their thriftie breath
In strength of far-resounding blowes; still entertaining care
Of eithers rescue, when their strength, did their engagements dare.
And as vpon a hils steepe tops, the Southwind powres a cloud
To shepheards thanklesse; but by theeues, that loue the night, allowd;
A darknesse letting downe, that blinds, a stones cast off men eyes:
Such darknesse from the Greeks swift feet, (made all of dust) did rise.
But ere sterne conflict mixt both strengths, faire Paris stept before
The Troian host; athwart his backe, a Panthers hide he wore,
A crooked bow, and sword, and shooke, two brazen-headed darts;
With which (well arm'd) his tongue prouok't, the best of Grecian hearts
To stand with him in single fight. Whom, when the man wrong'd most
Of all the Greekes, so gloriously, saw stalke before the host;
[Page 38]As when a Lion is reioyc't (with hunger halfe forlorne)
That finds some sweet prey; (as a Hart, whose grace lies in his horne,
Or Syluane Goate) which he deuours, though neuer so pursu'd
With dogs and men; so Spartas king, exulted, when he view'd
The faire-fac'd Paris so exposde, to his so thirsted wreake,
Whereof his good cause made him sure. The Grecian front did breake,
And forth he rusht, at all parts arm'd: leapt from his chariot,
And royally prepar'd for charge. Which seene, cold terror shot
The heart of Paris, who retir'd, as headlong from the king,
Paris flieth at sight of Mene­laus.
As in him, he had shund his death: and as a hilly spring,
Presents a serpent to a man, full vnderneath his feete,
Her blew necke (swolne with poison) raisd, and her sting out, to greet
His heedlesse entrie: sodainely, his walke he altereth;
Starts backe amaz'd, is shooke with feare, and lookes as pale as death:
So Menelaus, Paris scar'd: so that diuine fac't foe,
Shrunke in his beauties. Which beheld, by Hector, he let go
This bitter checke at him. Accurst, made but in beauties skorne;
Hector to Paris.
Impostor, womans man! O heauen, that thou hadst neare bene borne,
Or (being so manlesse) neuer liu'd, to beare mans noblest state,
The nuptiall honor; which I wish, because it were a fate
Much better for thee, then this shame; this spectacle doth make
A man a monster: Harke how lowd, the Greekes laugh, who did take
Thy faire forme, for a continent, of parts as faire; a rape
Thou mad'st of Nature, like their Queene. No soule; an emptie shape
Takes vp thy being: yet, how spight, to euerie shade of good,
Fils it with ill? for as thou art, thou couldst collect a brood
Of others like thee: and farre hence, fetch ill enough to vs;
Euen to thy father: all these friends; make those foes mocke them thus,
In thee: for whose ridiculous sake, so seriously they lay,
All Greece, and Fate vpon their necks: O wretch! not dare to stay
Weake Menelaus? But twas well: for in him, thou hadst tried
What strength, lost beautie can infuse; and with the more griefe died,
To feele thou robdst a worthier man; to wrong a souldiers right.
Your Ha [...]ps sweettouch, curld lockes, fine shape, and gifts so exquisite,
Giuen thee by Venus, would haue done, your fine Dames little good,
When bloud and dust had ruffled them; and had as little stood
Thy selfe in stead; but what thy care, of all these in thee flies,
We should inflict on thee our selues: infectious cowardise
(In thee) hath terrified our host; for which, thou well deseru'st
A coate of Tomb-stone, not of steele: in which, for forme thou seru'st.
To this thus Paris spake, (for forme, that might inhabit heauen)
Paris to Hector.
Hector? Because thy sharpe reproofe, is out of iustice giuen,
I take it well: but though thy heart (inu [...]'d to these affrights
Cuts through them, as an axe through Oke; that, more vsd, more excites
The workmans facultie: whose art, can make the edge go farre;
Yet I (lesse practisd, then thy selfe, in these extremes of warre)
May well be pardond, though lesse bold; in these, your worth exceeds;
In others, mine: Nor is my mind, of lesse force to the deeds
[Page 39]Requir'd in warre; because my forme, more flowes in gifts of peace.
Reproach not therefore the kind gifts, of golden Cyprides;
All heau'ns gifts haue their worthie price; as little to b [...] scorn'd,
As to be wonne with strength, wealth, state; with which, to be ador [...]'d,
Some man would change, state, wealth, or strength. But if your [...]artiall heart
Wish me to make my challenge good, and hold it such a part
Of shame to giue it ouer thus; cause all [...]he rest to rest;
And twixt both hosts, let Spartas king, and me performe our best,
For Hell [...]n, and the wealth she brought: and he that ouercomes,
Or proues superiour any way, in all your equall doomes,
Let him enioy her vtmost wealth, keepe her, or take her home;
The rest strike leagues of endlesse date, and heartie friends become;
You dwelling safe in gleby Troy, the Greekes retire their force,
T'Achaia, that breeds fairest Dames: and Argos, fairest horse.
He said, and his amendsfull words, did Hector highly please;
Who rusht betwixt the fighting hoasts, and made the Troians cease,
By holding vp, in midst, his lance: the Grecians noted not
The signall he for parle vsde, but at him fiercely shot;
Hurld stones, and still were leuelling darts. At last, the king of men
(Great Agamemnon) cried alowd: Argiues? for shame containe:
Agamemn on restraines the fight against Hector.
Youths of Achaia? shoot no more; the faire-helm'd-Hector showes
As he desir'd to treate with vs. This said, all ceast from blowes;
And Hector spake to both the hosts: Troians? and hardie Greekes?
Hector to the Greekes and Troians.
Heare now, what he that stird these warres, for their cessation seekes:
He bids vs all, and you disarme, that he alone may fight
With Menelaus, for vs all; for Hellen and her right,
With all the dowre she brought to Troy; and he that wins the day,
Or is, in all the art of armes, superiour any way;
The Queene, and all her sorts of wealth, let him at will enioy;
The rest strike truce; and let loue seale, firme leagues twixt Greece and Troy.
The Gre [...]ke host wondred at this Braue: silence flew euery where;
At last, spake Spartas warlike king: Now also giue me eare,
Menelaus [...]o both the armies.
Whom griefe giues most cause of replie; I now haue hope to free
The Greekes and Troians of all ils, they haue sustaind for me
And Alexander, that was cause, I stretcht my sple [...]e so farre.
Of both then, which is nearest fate, let his death end the warre:
The rest immediatly retire, and greet all homes in peace.
Go then (to blesse your champion, and giue his powers successe)
Fetch for the Earth, and for the Sunne, (the Gods on whom ye call)
Two lambes, a blacke one and a white: a femall, and a male;
And we, another for our selues, will fetch, and kill to Ioue;
To signe which rites, bring [...] force; because we well approue,
His sonnes perfidious, enuious, (and out of practisd bane
To faith, when she beleeues in them) Ioues high truce may prophane,
All yong mens hearts, are still vnstaid: but in those wel-weigh'd deeds
An old man will consent to passe, things past, and what succeeds
He lookes into; that he may know, [...]ow best to make his way
Through both the fortunes of a fact: and will the worst obay.
[Page 40](This granted,) A delightfull hope, both Greekes and Troians fed,
Of long'd▪for rest, from those long toyles, their tedious warre had bred.
Their horses then in ranke they set, drawne from their chariots round;
Descend themselues, tooke off their armes, and plac't them on the ground,
Neare one another; for the space, twixt both the hosts w [...]s small.
Hector two heralds sent to Troy, that they from thence might call
Hector sendeth for Priam.
King Priam; and to bring the lambes, to rate the truce they swore.
But Agamemnon to the fleet, Talthibius sent before,
To fetch their lambe; who nothing slackt, the royall charge was giuen.
a Iris the raine-bow then came downe, Ambassadres [...]e from heauen,
Iris to H [...]llen.
To white-arm'd Hellen; she assum'd, at euery part, the grace
Of Hellens last loues sisters shape; who had the highest place
In Hellens loue; and had to name, Laodice; most faire
Of all the daughters Priam had: and made the nuptiall paire,
With Helicaon; royall sproute, of old Antenors seed;
She found Queene Hellena at home, at worke about a weed,
Wou'n for her selfe: it shin'd like fite; was rich, and full of sise;
The worke of both sides being alike, in which she did comprise
The many labors, warlike Troy, and brasse-arm'd Greece endur'd▪
For her faire sake, by cruell Mars, and his sterne friends procur'd.
Iris came in in ioyfull haste, and said: O come with me,
(Lou'd Nymph) and an admired sight, o [...] Greekes and Troians see;
Who first on one another brought, a warre so full of teares,
(Euen thirstie of contentious warre) now euerie man forbeares,
And friendly by each other sits, each leaning on his shield;
Their long and shining lances pitcht, fast by them in the field.
Paris, and Spartas king alone, must take vp all the strife;
And he that conquers, onely call, faire Hellena his wife.
Thus spake the thousand colour'd Dame: and to her mind commends
The ioy to see her first espousd, her natiue tow'rs, and friends;
[...]ellens [...] to see her first hus­band & friends.
Which stir'd a sweet desire in her, to serue the which, she hi'd:
Shadowed her graces with white veiles, and (though she tooke a pride
To set her thoughts at gaze, and see, in her cleare beauties flood
What choice of glorie swum to her, yet tender womanhood)
Season'd with teares, her ioyes to see, more ioyes the more offence:
And that perfection could not flow, from earthly excellence.
Thus went she forth, and tooke with her, her women most of name,
Aethra, Pitth [...]us louely birth: and Clymene, whom fame
Hath, for her faire eyes, memorisd. They reacht the Scaean towrs,
Where Priam sat to see the fight, with all his Counsellours,
Panthous, Lampus, Cl [...]tius, and stout Hycetaon,
Thim [...]tes, wise Antenor, and profound Vealeg [...]n:
All graue old men, and souldiers, they had bene, but for age
Now [...] the warres; yet Counsellors, they were exceeding sage.
Old men, and their weake [...], most [...] compared to Grashoppers and their [...].
And, as in well-growne woods, on trees, cold spinie Grashoppers
Sit chirping, and send voices out, that scarce can pierce our eares,
b For softnesse, and their weake faint sounds: So (talking on the towre)
These Seniors of the people sate: who when they [...]aw the powre
[Page 41]Of beauty, in the Queene ascend; even those cold-spirited Peeres;
Those wise, and almost witherd men, found this heate in their yeeres;
Hellens beautie moves even [...]he oldest.
That they were forc't (though whispering▪) to say; what man can blame
The Greeekes and Trojans to indure, for so admir'd a Dame,
So many miseries, and so long? In her sweet countenance shine
Lookes like the Goddesses: and yet (though never so divine)
Before we boast, uniustly still, of her enforced prise,
And iustly suffer for her sake, with all our progenies,
Labour and ruine, let her goe: the profit of our land,
Must passe the beauty. Thus, though these could beare so fit a hand
On their affections; yet when all their gravest powers were usde,
They could not chuse but welcome her, and rather they accusde
The gods then beauty; for thus spake the most fam'd King of Troy;
Priam cals Hel­len to informe him of the Greek Princes.
Come, loved daughter, sit by me, and take the worthy ioy
Of thy first husbands sight; old friends, and Princes neare allyed:
And name me some of these brave Greekes, so manly beautified.
Come: doe not thinke I lay the warres, endur'd by us, on thee,
The gods have sent them, and the teares, in which they swumme to me,
Sit then, and name this goodly Greeke, so tall, and broadly spred,
Who then the rest, that stand by him, is higher by the head;
The bravest man I ever saw, and most maiesticall;
His onely presence makes me thinke him King amongst them all.
The fairest of her sexe replyed; Most reverend fath'r in law:
Hellen to Priam
Most lov'd, most fear'd; would some ill death had seisd me, when I saw
The first meane, why I wrong'd you thus▪ that I had never lost
The sight of these my ancient friends; of him that lov'd me most,
Of my sole daughter, brothers both; with all those kindely mates,
Of one soyle, one age borne with me, though under different fates,
But these boones envious starres deny; the memory of these,
In sorrow pines those beauties now, that then did too much please;
Nor satisfie they your demand, to which I thus reply:
That's Agamemnon, (Atreus sonne) the great in [...];
A King, whom double royaltie doth crowne, being great and good;
And one that was my brother in law, when I contain'd my bloud,
And was more worthy; if at all, I might be sa [...]d to be,
My Being, being lost so soone, in all that honour'd me?
The good old King admir'd, and said: O [...] blessed sonne!
[...] [...] to [...]. [...].
Borne under joyfull destinies, that hast the Empire wonne
Of such a world of Grecian youths, as I discover here;
I once marcht into Phrygia, that many vines doth beare,
Where many Phrygians [...] beheld, well skild in use of horse,
That of the two men, like two gods, were the commanded force,
(Otroeus, and great Migdonus) who on Sangarius sands,
Set downe their tents, with whom my selfe (for my [...] bands)
Was numbred as a man in chiefe▪ the cause of warre [...] then,
Th' Amazon dames, that in their facts, affected to be men.
In all, there was a mighty powre, which yet did never rise,
To equall these Achaian youths, that have the sable eyes,
[Page 42]Then (seeing Vlysses next) he said, Lov'd daughter, what is he,
That lower then great Atreus sonne, seemes by the head to me?
Yet in his shoulders, and big breast, presents a broader show,
His armor lyes upon the earth: he up and downe doth go,
To see his soulders keepe their rankes, and ready have their armes,
If, in this truce, they should be tried by any false alarmes.
Much like a well growne Bel-weather, or feltred Ram he shewes,
That walkes before a wealthy flocke of faire white▪ fleeced Ewes.
High Iove, and Ledas fairest seed, to Priam thus replies:
This is the old Laertes sonne, Vlysses cald the wise;
Vlysses d [...]scribed
Who, though unfruitfull Ithaca, was made his nursing seate,
Yet knowes he every sort of sleight: and is in counsels great.
The wise Antenor answerd her, tis true, renowned Dame;
A [...]tenor to Hel­len by way of digression.
For, some times past, wise It [...]acus, to Troy a Legate came
With Menelaus, for your cause: to whom I gave receit,
As guests, and welcom'd to my house, with all the love I might.
I learn'd the wisedomes of their soules, and humors of their bloud:
For when the Troian Councell met, and these together stood,
By height of his broad shoulders had Atrides eminence,
Yet set, Vlysses did exceed, and bred more reverence.
And when their counsels and their words, they wove in one, the speech
Of Atreus sonne was passing loud, small, fast, yet did not reach
To much; being naturally borne Laconicall: nor would
His humour lyc for any thing, or was (like th'other) old.
But when the prudent Ithacus, did to his counsels rise,
He stood a little still, and fixt upon the earth his eyes;
His scepter moving neither way, but held it formally,
Like one that vainely doth affect. Of wrathfull qualitie,
And franticke (rashly iudging him) you would have said he was,
But when out of his ample breast, he gave his great voyce passe,
And words that flew about our eares, like drifts of winters snow;
Ulysses wisedome [...] illu­strated by simi­litude.
None thenceforth might contend with him, though nought admird for show.
The third man, aged Priam markt, was Aiax Telam [...]:
Of whom he askt, What Lord is that so large of limme and bone,
So raisd in height, that to his breast, I see there reacheth none?
To him the Goddesse of her sexe, the large veild Hellen said;
Ai [...]x Telamon the Grecian bulwarke.
That Lord is Aiax Telamon, a Bulwarke in their aide:
On th'other side stands Idomen, in Crete of most command,
And round about his royall sides, his Cretane Captaines stand.
Id [...]menus [...] of [...].
Oft hath the warlike Spartan King, given hospitable due
To him within our Lacene court, and all his retinue.
And now the other Achive Dukes, I generally discerne,
All which I know, and all their names, could make thee quickly learne.
Two Princes of the people yet, I no where can behold;
Castor, the skilfull Knight on horse, and Pollux uncontrold,
Castor and Pol­lux brothers to Hellen.
For all stand-fights, and force of hand; both at a burthen bred,
My naturall brothers: either here, they have not followed,
From lovely Sparta; or (arriv'd within the sea-borne fleet)
[Page 43](In feare of infamie for me) in broad field shame to meet.
Nor so; for holy Tellus wombe, inclosd those worthy men,
The h [...]ralds pro­pare for the compact.
In Sparta, their beloued soyle. The voicefull heralds then,
The firme agreement of the Gods, through all the citie ring:
Two lambs, and spirit-refreshing wine (the fruit of earth) they bring,
Within a Goates-kin bottle closd; Ideus also brought
A massie glittering boll, and cups, that all of gold were wrought:
Ideus to Pria­mus.
Which bearing to the king they cride; Sonne of Laomedon?
Rise; for the wel-rode Peeres of Troy, and brasse-arm'd Greekes in one,
Send to thee, to descend to field, that they firme vowes may make;
For, Paris and the Spartan king, must fight for Hellens sake,
With long arm'd lances; and the man, that proues victorious,
The woman and the wealth she brought, shall follow to his house;
The rest knit friendship, and firme leagues; we safe in Troy shall dwell;
In Argos and Achaia they, that do in dames excell.
He said, and Priams aged ioints, with chilled feare did shake;
Yet instantly he bad his men, his chariot readie make.
Which soone they did, and he ascends: he takes the reines, and guide,
Antenor cals; who instantly, mounts to his royall side;
And through the Scaean ports, to field, the swift-foote horse they driue.
And when at them of Troy and Greece, the aged Lords arriue,
From horse, on Troyes well feeding soyle, twixt both the hosts they go.
When straight vp rose the king of men, vp rose Vlysses to;
The heralds in their richest cotes, repeate (as was the guise)
The true vowes of the Gods; term'd theirs, since made before their eyes.
Then in a cup of gold they mixe, the wine that each side brings;
And next, powre water on the hands, of both the kings of kings.
Which done, Atrides drew his knife, that euermore he put
Within the large sheath of his sword: with which, away he cut
The wooll from both fronts of the lambs, which (as a rite in vse
Of execration to their heads, that brake the plighted truce)
The heralds of both hosts did giue, the Peeres of both. And then
With hands and voice aduanc't to heauen, thus prayd the [...]ing of men:
O Ioue, that Ida dost protect, and hast the titles wonne,
Agamemnon himselfe prayes.
Most glorious, most inuincible; And thou all-seeing Sunne;
All-hearing, all-recomforting; floods? earth? and powers beneath?
That all the periuries of men, chastise euen after death;
Be witnesse, and see perform'd, the heartie vowes we make;
If Alexander shall the life, of Menelaus take,
He shall from henceforth Hellena, with all her wealth retaine;
And we will to our houshold Gods, hoyse saile, and home againe.
If by my honourd brothers hand, be Alexander slaine,
The Troians then, shall his forc't Queene, with all her wealth restore,
And pay conuenient fine to vs, and ours for euermore.
If Priam, and his sonnes denie, to pay this, thus agreed,
When Alexander shall be slaine; for that perfidious deed,
And for the fine, will I fight here, till dea [...]ely they repay
By death and ruine, the amends, that falshood keepes away.
[Page 44]This said, the throtes of both the lambs, cut with his royall knife;
The c [...]tract is [...].
He laid them panting on the earth, till (quite depriu'd of life)
The steele had robd them of their strength. Then golden cups they cround,
With wine out of a cisterne drawne: which powr'd vpon the ground,
They fell vpon their humble knees, to all the deities,
And thus pray'd one of both the hosts, that might do sacrifice;
O Iupiter, most high, most great, and all the deathlesse powers;
Now one praies whose office was to do sacrifice.
Who first shall dare to violate, the late sworne oaths of ours,
So let the bloods and braines of them, and all they shall produce,
Flow on the staind face of the earth; as now, this sacrediuice:
And let their wiues with bastardi [...]e, brand all their future race.
Thus praid they: but with wisht effects, their prayrs Ioue did not grace.
When Priam said; Lords of both hoasts? I can no longer stay,
Priam to both hosts.
To see my lou'd sonne trie his life; and so must take my way
To winde-exposed Ilion. Ioue yet and heauens high States,
Know onely, which of these must now, pay tribute to the Fates.
Thus putting in his coach the lambs, he mounts, and reines his horse;
Pri [...] and An­tenor return [...] to Troy.
Antenor to him; and to Troy, both take their speedie course.
Then Hector (Priams Martiall sonne) stept forth, and met the ground,
(With wise Vlysses) where the blowes, of combat must resound.
He [...]or and V­lysses measure the ground for the combat.
Which done, into a helme they put, two lots, to let them know,
Which of the combattants should first, his brasse-pil'd iaueline throw.
When, all the people standing by, with hands held vp to heauen,
Pray'd Ioue, the conquest might not be, by force or fortune giuen;
But that the man, who was in right, the author of most wrong,
Might feele his iustice; and no more, these tedious warres prolong;
But sinking to the house of death, leaue them (as long before)
Linkt fast in leagues of amitie, that might dissolue no more.
Then Hector shooke the helme that held, the equall doomes of chance;
Hector shakes the hel [...]e, and Par [...] draws the lot to [...] first.
Look't backe, and drew; and Paris first, had lot to hu [...]le his lance.
The souldiers all sat downe enrank't, each by his armes and horse,
That then lay downe, and cool'd their hoofes. And now th'allotted course
Bids faire-haird H [...]lens husband arme: who first makes fast his greaues,
He armes.
With siluer buckles to his legs: then on his breast receiues
The curets that Lycaon wore, (his brother) but made fit
For his faire bodie: next, his sword, he tooke, and fastned it
(All damaskt) vnderneath his arme: his shield then, graue and great,
His shoulders wore: and on his head, his glorious helme he set;
Topt with a plume of horses haire, that horribly did dance,
And seem'd to threaten as he mou'd. At last he takes his lance,
Exceeding big, and full of weight; which he▪ with ease could vse.
In like sort, Spartas warlike king, himselfe with armes indues.
[...] arms
Thus arm'd at either armie both, they both stood brauely in,
Possessing both hosts with amaze: they came so chin to chin;
And with such horrible aspects, each other did salute.
A faire large field was made for them: where wraths (for hugenesse) mu [...]e
And mutuall, made them mutually, at either shake their darts,
Before they threw: then Paris first, with his long iaueline parts;
The co [...]at.
[Page 45]It smote Atrides orbie Targe: but ranne not through the br [...]
For in it (arming well the shield) the head reflected [...].
Then did the second combattant, applie him to his speare:
Which ere he threw, he thus besought, almightie Iupiter:
[...] pray­eth to [...].
O Ioue! vouchsafe me now reuenge, and that my enemie,
(For doing wrong so vndeseru'd) may pay deseruedly
The paines he forfeited; and let, these hands inflict those paines,
By conquering, I, by conquering dead, him on whom life complaines:
That any now, or any one, of all the brood of men
To liue hereafter, may with feare, from all offence abstaine,
(Much more from all such foule offence) to him that was his host,
And entertain'd him, as the man, whom he affected most.
This said, he shooke, and threw his lance; which strooke through Paris shield
And with the strength he gaue to it, it made the curets yeeld;
His coate of Maile, his breast and all: and draue his intrailes in,
In that low region, where the guts, in three small parts begin:
Yet he, in bowing of his breast, preuented sable death.
This taint he follow'd with his sword, drawne from a siluer sheath:
Which (lifting high) he strooke his helme, full where his plume did stand,
[...] sword breaketh.
On which, it peece-meale brake, and fell, from his vnhappie hand.
At which, he sighing stood, and star'd, vpon the ample skie,
And said, O Ioue, there is no God, giuen more illiberally
Menelaus [...] Iupiter.
To those that serue thee, then thy selfe; why haue I pray'd in vaine?
I hop't my hand should haue reueng'd, the wrongs I still sustaine
On him that did them; and still dares, their foule defence pursue;
And now my lance hath mist his end, my sword in shiuers flew,
And he scapes all. With this againe, he rusht vpon his guest,
And caught him by the horse-haire plume, that dangl'd on his crest;
With thought, to drag him to the Greekes; which he had surely done,
And so (besides the victorie) had wondrous glorie wonne;
(Because the needle-painted lace, with which his helme was tied
Beneath his chin, and so about, his daintie throte implyed,
Had strangl'd him:) but that in time, the Cyprian seed of Ioue,
Did breake the string, with which was lin'd, that which the needle woue;
And was the tough thong of a Steere, and so the victors palme
Was (for so full a man at armes) onely an emptie helme.
That then he swong about his head, and cast among his friends;
Who scrambled, and took't vp with shou [...]s. Againe then he intends,
To force the life blood of his foe, and ranne on him amaine,
With shaken iaueline; when the Queene, that louers loues, againe
Venus rapture of Paris from Menelau [...].
Attended; and now rauisht him, from that encounter quite,
With ease, and wondrous sodainly; for she (a Goddesse) might.
She hid him in a cloud of gold, and neuer made him knowne,
This place Virgil [...].
Till in his chamber, (fresh and sweet) she gently set him downe;
And went for Hellen, whom she found, in Scaeas vtmost height;
To which, whole swarmes of citie Dames, had climb'd to see the sight.
To giue her errand good successe; she tooke on her the shape,
[...] like [...] to [...].
Ofbeldame Graea, who was brought, by Hellen in her rape,
[Page 64]From Lacedaemon, and had trust, in all her secrets still;
Being old, and had (of all her maids) the maine bent of her will;
And spun for her, her finest wooll; like her, loues Empresse came,
Puld Hellen by the heauenly veile, and softly said: Madame?
My Lord cals for you, you must needs, make all your kind haste home;
He's in your chamber, stayes, and longs; sits by your bed; pray come,
Tis richly made, and sweet; but he, more sweet; and lookes so cleare,
So fresh, and mouingly attir'd: that (seeing) you would sweare,
He came not from the dustie fight, but from a courtly dance,
Or would to dancing. This she made, a charme for dalliance;
Whose vertue Hellen felt, and knew (by her so radiant eyes,
White necke, and most enticing breasts) the deified disguise.
At which amaz'd, she answerd her: vnhappie Deitie?
Hellen chideth [...].
Why lou'st thou still in these deceipts, to wrap my phantasie?
Or whether yet (of all the townes, giuen to their l [...]st beside,
In Phrygia, or Maeonia) com'st thou to be my guide?
If there (of diuers languag'd men) thou hast (as here in▪ Troy)
Some other friend, to be my shame? since here thy latest ioy,
By Menelaus now subdu'd; by him, shall I be borne
Home to his Court; and end my life, in triumphs of his scorne.
And to this end, would thy deceits, my wanton life allure.
Hence, go thy selfe to Priams sonne, and all the wayes abiure
Of Gods, or Godlike minded Dames, nor euer turne againe
Thy earth-affecting feet to heauen: but for his sake, sustaine
Toiles here: guard, grace him endlesly: till he requite thy grace,
By giuing thee my place with him: or take his seruants place,
If all dishonourable wayes, your fauours seeke to serue
His neuer-pleasd incontinence: I better will deserue,
Then serue his do [...]age now: what shame, were it for me to feed
This lust in him? all honour'd Dames, would hate me for the deed;
He leaues a womans loue so sham'd, and showes so base a mind;
To feele, nor my shame, nor his owne; griefes of a greater kind
Wound me, then such as can admit, such kind delights so soone.
The Goddesse (angrie, that past shame, her meere will was not done)
Venus terrifies Hellen.
Replied: Incense me not you wretch, lest (once incenst) I leaue
Thy curst life to as strange a hate, as yet it may receiue
A loue from me; and lest I spread, through both hosts such despite,
For those plagues they haue felt for thee, that both abiure thee quite.
And (setting thee in midst of both) turne all their wraths on thee,
And dart thee dead: that such a death, may wreake thy wrong of me.
This strooke the faire Dame with such feare, it tooke her speech away;
And (shadowed in her snowy veile) she durst not but obay:
And yet (to shun the shame she fear'd) she vanisht vndescride
Of all the Troian Ladies there; for Venus was her guide.
Ar [...]iu'd at home; her women both, fell to their worke in hast;
When she that was of all her sexe, the most diuinely grac't,
Hellen followeth Venus from the port.
Ascended to a higher roome, though much against her will,
Where louely Alexander was, being led by Venus still.
[Page 47]The laughter-louing Dame discern'd, her mou'd mind, by her grace:
And (for her mirth sake) set a stoole, full before Paris face;
[...] [...] with Hellen.
Where she would needs haue Hellen sit: who (though she durst not chuse
But sit, yet) lookt away for all, the Goddesse powre could vse;
And vsd her tongue too, and to chide, whom Venus sooth'd so much;
[...] bitter reproofe of [...].
And chid too, in this bitter kind; And was thy cowardise such,
(So conquerd) to be seene aliue? O, would to God thy life
Had perisht by his worthy hand, to whom I first was wife.
Before this, thou wouldst glorifie, thy valour, and thy lance;
And, past my first Loues, boast them farre: Go once more, and aduance
Thy braues against his single power: this foile might fall by chance.
Poore conquerd man; twas such a chance, as I would not aduise,
Thy valour should prouoke againe: shun him thou most vnwise;
Lest next, thy spirit sent to hell, thy bodie be his prise.
He answerd; Pray thee woman ceasse, to chide and grieue me thus:
[...] to [...].
Disgraces will not euer last; looke on their end; on vs
Will other Gods, at other times, let fall the victors wreath,
As on him Pallas put it now. Shall our loue sinke beneath
The hate of fortune? In loues fire, let all hates vanish: Come,
Loue neuer so inflam'd my heart; no not, when (bringing home
Thy beauties so delicious prise) on Cranaes blest shore
I long'd for, and enioyd thee first. With this, he went before
She after, to the odorous bed. While these to pleasure yeeld,
[...] [...] ­keth for Paris through the [...] [...]
Perplext Atrides, sauage-like, ran vp and downe the field,
And euery thickest troope of Troy, and of their farre-cald aid,
Searcht for his foe; who could not be, by any eye betraid;
Nor out of friendship (out of doubt) did they conceale his sight;
All hated him so like their deaths, and ow'd him such [...].
At last thus spake the king of men: Heare me, ye men of Troy,
[...] to both the armi [...]s.
Ye Dardans and the rest, whose powers, you in their aides employ;
The conquest on my brothers part, ye all discerne is cleare:
Do you then Argiue Hellena, with all her treasure here
Restore to vs, and pay the mulct, that by your vowes is due,
Yeeld vs an honourd recompence: and all that should accrue,
To our posterities, confirme; that when you render it,
Our acts here may be memorisd. This all Greekes else thought fit.


a [...] &c. Iris autem Helene, &c. Elegantly, and most aptly (saith Spondanus) is Hellen called by Homer, to the spectacle of this single fight: as being the chiefe person in cause of all the action. The chiefe end of whose coming yet, e [...]ui­ously and most vainly Scaligers Criticus taxeth. Which was her relation to Priam, of the persons he noted there: iesting (with his French wit) at this Greeke Father, & fount of all wit; for making Priam to seek now of their names and knowledges, when nine yeares together they had lien there before. A great peece of necessitie to make him therefore know them before, when there was no such vrgent occasion be [...]ore, to bring Priam to note them? nor so calme a conuenience, in their ordered and quiet distin­ction? But let his criticisme in this be weighed with his other faults found in our [Page 48] maister: as, for making lightning in winter before snow or raine; which the most ig­norant vpland peasant could teach him out of his obseruations. For which yet, bi [...] Criticus hath the proiect impudence to taxe Homer. Most falsly repeating his words too: saying, Vbi ningit, when he saith, [...], &c. Parans, or struens, vel multum imbrem, immensámue grandinem, vel niuem: preparing, or going about those moist impressions in the aire, not in present act with them. From this im­mediatly and most rabidly he ranges to Vlysses reprehension, for killing the woers with his bow, in the Odysses. Then to his late vomite againe in the Iliads the verie next word, and enuieth Achilles horse for speaking, (because himselfe would haue all the tong) when, in sacred writ, Balaams Asse could haue taught him, the like hath bene heard of. Yet now to the Odysses againe with a breath, and challengeth Vlys­ses ship for suffering Neptune to turne it to a rocke. Here is strange laying out, for a maister so curiously methodicall. Not with what Graces, with what Muses, we may aske he was inspired: but with what Harpyes? what Furies? putting the putidum mendacium vpon Homer. Putidus, ineptus, frigidus, puerilis, (being termes fit­ter for a scold or a bawd, then a man softened by learning) he belcheth against him, whom all the world hath reuerenced, and admired, as the fountaine of all wit, wis­dome, and learning. What touch is it to me then, to beare spots of deprauations, when my great maister is thus muddily dawb'd with it? But who euer saw true learning, wisdome, or wit, vouchsafe mansion in any proud, vaineglorious, and braggartly spi­rit, when their chiefe act and end is, to abandon and abhorre it? Language, reading, habite of speaking, or writing in other learning, I grant in this reuiler great and a­bundant: but in this Poesie, redundant, I affirme him, and rammish. To conclude, I will vse the same words of him, that he of Erasmus (in calce Epinomidos) which are these (as I conuert it): Great was his name, but had bene futurely greater, would himselfe haue bene lesse: where now, bold with the greatnesse of his wit, he hath vndertaken the more, with much lesse exactnesse; and so his confidence set on by the renowne of his name, hath driuen him headlong, &c.

b [...] Vocem suauem emittunt; saith the Interpreter (inten­ding the Grashoppers, to whom he compareth the old Counsellors) but it is here to be expounded, vocem teneram, not suauem: ( [...] in this place signifying tener) for Grashoppers sing not sweetly, but harshly and faintly: wherein the weake and ten­der voices of the old Counsellors is to admiration exprest. The Simile Spondanus highly commends, as most apt and expressiue: but his application in one part doth a­buse it, in the other right it: and that is, to make the old men resemble Grashoppers for their cold, and bloodlesse spininesse, Tython being for age turned to a Grashopper. But where they were graue and wise Counsellors, to make them garrul [...]us, as Grashop­pers are stridulous; that application holdeth not in these old men, though some old men are so. These being [...], boni, & periti concionatores; the word [...] signifying frugi also, which is temperate or full of almoderation, and so farre from intimating any touch of garrulitie. Nor was the conceit of our Poet by Sponda­nus or any other, vnderstood in this Simile.

c [...] succinctè concionabatur Menelaus; he spake succinctly, or compendiously, say his interpreters; which is vtterly otherwise, in the voice [...], signifying velociter, properly, modo eorum qui currunt; he spake fast, or thicke.

d [...], &c. few words yet, he vsed, [...], sed valde acutè: they expound it; when it is valde stridulè, shrilly, smally, or alowd; [...] (as I haue no­ted [Page 49] before) being properly taken in the worse part: and accordingly exp [...]nded, ma­keth euen with his simple character at all parts, his vtterance being noisefull, small, or squeaking: an excellent pipe for a foole. Nor is the voice or manner of vtterance in a man, the least key that discouereth his wisedome or folly. And therefore w [...]th the [...] ­ting is that of Vlysses in the second booke: that he knew Pallas by her voice: [...], quoniam non garrulus, or loquax; being borne naturally Laconical, which agreeth not the lesse with his fast or thicke speaking: for a man may haue that kind of vtterance, and yet few words.

e [...]: neque in verbis peccans, say the Commentors, as though a foole were perfectly spoken: when the word here hath another sence, and our Homer a farre other meaning, the words being thus to be expounded: neque mendax erat, he would not lie by any meanes; for that affectedly he stands vpon hereafter. But to make a foole non peccans verbis, will make a man nothing wonder at any peccancie or absurditie, in men of meere language.

You see then, to how extreme a difference and contrarietie the word and sence lie subiect: and that without first finding the true figures of persons in this kind presen­ted, it is impossible for the best linguist liuing to expresse an Author trulie, especially any Greeke author; the language being so differently significant: which not iudicially fitted with the exposition, that the place (and coherence with other places) requireth, what a motley, and confused man a translator may present? As now they do all, of Menelaus, who, wheresoeuer he is called [...], is there vntrulie translated bel­licosus; but cui Mars est charus, because he might loue the warre, and yet be no good warriour: as many loue many exertises at which they will neuer be good: and Homer gaue it to him for another of his peculiar Epithets, as a vainglorious affectation in him, rather then a solid affection.

And here haste makes me giue end to these new Annotations, deferring the like in the next nine bookes for more breath and encouragement. Since time (that hath euer opprest me) will not otherwise let me come to the last twelue, in which the first free light of my Author, entred and emboldened me. Where so manie rich disoueries importune my poore expression, that I feare rather to betrai [...] them to the world, the [...] expresse them to their price. But how soeuer enuy and preiudice stand squirting their poison through the eyes of my Readers, this shall appeare to all competent apprehen­sions, I haue followed the Originall with authenticall expositions (according to the proper signification of the word in his place, though I differ therein vtterly from o­thers:) I haue rendred all things of importance, with answerable life and height to my Authour, (though with some periprhrasis, without which no man can worthilie translate anie worthie Poet.) And since the translation it selfe, and my notes, (being impartially conferred) amplie approoue this, I will still be confident in the woorth of my paines, how idlely and vnworthily soeuer I be censured. And thus, to the last twelue Books (leauing other horrible errors in his other Interpreters vnmoued) with those free feet that entred me, I [...]aste, sure of nothing but my labour.

The end of the third Booke.


THe Gods in Counsell, at the last decree,
That famous Ilion, shall expugned be.
And, that their owne continued faults may proue,
The reasons that haue so incensed Ioue.
Minerua seekes with more offences done,
Against the lately iniur'd Atreus sonne,
(A ground that clearest would make sene their sinne)
To haue the Lycian Pandarus beginne.
He (gainst the Truce with sacred couenants bound)
Giues Menelaus, a dishonour'd wound,
Machaon heales him. Agamemnon then,
To mortall warre incenseth all his men:
The battels ioyne, and in the heate of fight,
Cold death shuts many eyes in endlesse night.
Another Argument.
In Delta, is the Gods Assise,
The Truce is broke, warres freshly rise.
WIthin the faire-pau'd Court of Ioue, he and the Gods conferd,
About the sad euents of Troy; amongst whom ministerd,
The Gods in Counsel at Ioues Court.
Blest Hebe, Nectar. As they sate, and did Troyes towres behold;
They drank, and pledg'd each other round, in full crownd cups of gold.
Hebe fils Nectar
The mirth, at whose feast, was begun, by great Saturnides,
In vrging a begun dislike, amongst the Goddesses.
But chiefly, in his solemne Queene, whose splene he was disposd
To tempt yet further; knowing well, what anger it inclosd.
And how wiues angers should be vsd. On which, (thus pleasd) he playd:
Two Goddesses there are, that still, giue Menelaus ayd:
And one that Paris loues. The two, that sit from vs so farre,
Ioues mirth with his wife & daughter Pallas
(Which Argiue Iuno is, and she, that rules in deeds of warre
No doubt are pleasd, to see how well, the late-seene-fight did frame.
And (yet vpon the aduerse part) the laughter-louing Dame,
Made her powre good too, for her friend. For though he were so neare,
The stroke of death, in th'others hopes, she tooke him from them cleare;
The conquest yet, is questionlesse, the martiall Spartan kings;
We must consult then, what euents, shall crowne these future things.
If warres, and combats, we shall still, with euen successes strike;
Or (as impartiall) friendship plant, on both parts. If ye like
[Page 51]The last, and that it will as well, delight, as meerely please
Your happie Deities: still let stand, old Priams towne in peace;
And let the Lacedaemon king, againe his Queene enioy.
As Pallas and heauens Queene sat close, complotting ill to Troy;
With silent murmures they receiu'd, this ill-lik't choice from Ioue;
Gainst whom was Pallas much incenst, because the Queen [...] of Loue,
Could not without his leaue relieue, in that late point of death,
The sonne of Priam, whom she loath'd; her wrath yet fought beneath
Her supreme wisedome, and was curb'd: but Iuno needs must ease
Her great heart, with her readie tongue, and said: What words are these
Iuno angry with Iupiter.
(Austere, and too much Saturns sonne?) why wouldst thou render still
My labours idle? and the sweat, of my industrious will,
Dishonor with so little power? My chariot horse are tir'd,
With posting to and fro, for Greece: and bringing banes desir'd,
To people-mustring Priamus, and his perfidious sonnes:
Yet thou protectst, and ioynst with them, whom each iust Deitie shuns.
Go on, but euer go resolu'd, all other Gods haue vow'd
To crosse thy partiall course for Troy, in all that makes it proud.
Iupiter to Iuno.
At this, the cloud-compelling Ioue, a farre fetcht sight let flie:
And said, Thou Furie, what offence, of such impietie,
Hath Priam or his sonnes done thee? that with so high a hate
Thou shouldst thus ceaslesly desire, to raze, and ruinate
So well a builded towne as Troy? I thinke (hadst thou the powre)
Thou wouldst the ports and farre-stretcht wals, flie ouer, and deuoure
Old Priam, and his issue quicke: and make all Troy thy feast;
And then at length I hope, thy wrath, and tired spleene would rest:
To which, run on thy chariot, that nought be found in me,
Of iust cause to our future iarres. In this yet strengthen thee,
And fixe it in thy memorie fast; that, if I entertaine
As peremptorie a desire, to leuell with the plaine,
A citie, where thy loued liue; stand not betwixt my ire,
And what it aimes at; but giue way, when thou hast thy desire,
Which now I grant thee willingly, although against my will.
For not beneath the ample Sunne, and heauens starre-bearing hill,
Troy most loued of Iupiter, of all other cities.
There is a towne of earthly men, so honour'd in my mind,
As sacred Troy, nor of earths kings, as Priam and his kind,
Who neuer let my altars lacke, rich feast of offrings slaine,
And their sweet sauours: for which grace, I honor them againe.
Drad Iuno, with the Cowes faire eyes, replyed; Three townes there are
Three cities deare to Iuno.
Of great and eminent respect, both in my loue and care,
Mycena, with the brode high waies, and Argos rich in horse;
And Sparta: all which three destroy, when thou enui'st their force;
I will not aid them, nor maligne, thy free and soueraigne will:
For if I should be enuious, and set against their ill,
I know my enuie were in vaine, since thou art mightier farre:
But we must giue each other leaue, and winke at eithers warre.
Her deadly hate to Troy.
I likewise, must haue powre to crowne, my workes with wished end;
Because I am a Deitie, and did from thence descend,
[Page 52]Whence thou thy selfe, and th'elder borne, wise Saturne was our Sire;
And thus there is a two-fold cause, that pleads for my desire;
Being sister, and am cald thy wife: And more, since thy command
Rules all Gods else; I claime therein, a like superiour hand.
All wrath before then, now remit, and mutually combine
In eithers Empire; I, thy rule, and thou illustrate mine.
So will the other Gods agree: and we shall all be strong.
And first, (for this late plot) with speed, let Pallas go among
The Troians; and some one of them, entice to breake the truce,
By offering in some treacherous wound, the honourd Greekes abuse.
The Father both of men and Gods, agreed, and Pallas sent,
With these wing'd words, to both the hosts; Make all haste, and inuent
Iupiter to Pallas
Some meane, by which the men of Troy, against the truce agreed,
May stirre the glorious Greekes to armes, with some inglorious deed.
Thus charg'd he her with haste, that did, before, in hast abound;
Who cast her selfe from all the heights, with which steepe heauen is crownd:
Pallas fals from heauen like a Comet.
And as Ioue, brandishing a starre (which men a Comet call)
Hurls out his curled haire abrode, that from his brand exhals
A thousand sparkes; to fleets at sea, and euerie mightie host,
(Of all presages and ill haps, a signe mistrusted most:)
So Pallas fell twixt both the Camps, and sodainly was lost;
When through the breasts of all that saw, she strooke a strong amaze,
With viewing, in her whole descent, her bright and ominous blaze.
When straight, one to another turn'd, and said; Now thundring [...]
(Great Arbiter of peace, and armes) will either stablish loue
Amongst our nations: or renue, such warre, as neuer was.
Thus either armie did presage, when Pallas made her passe
Amongst the multitude of Troy; who now put on the grace
Of braue Laodocus; the flowre, of old Antenors race;
And sought for Lycian Pandarus; a man, that being bred
Out of a faithlesse familie, she thought, was fit to shed
The blood of any innocent, and breake the couenant sworne.
He was Lycaons sonne, whom Ioue, into a Wolfe did turne
For sacrificing of a child; and yet in armes renownd,
As one that was inculpable: him Pallas, standing, found,
And round about him, his strong troopes, that bore the shadie shields.
He brought them from Aesaepus flood, let through the Lycian fields:
Whom, standing neare, she whispred thus: Lycaons warlike sonne?
Pallas to Pan­darus, perswa­ding him to breaks the [...]
Shall I despaire at thy kind hands, to haue a fauour done?
Nor dar'st thou let an arrow flie, vpon the Spartan king?
It would be such a grace to Troy, and such a glorious thing,
That euerie man would giue his gift; but Alexanders hand
Would loade thee with them, if he could, discouer from his stand,
His foes pride strooke downe with thy shaft; and he himselfe ascend
The flaming heape of funerall: Come, shoote him (princely friend.)
But first inuoke the God of light, that in thy land was borne,
And is in archers art the best, that euer sheafe hath worne;
To whom a hundred first ew'd lambes, vow thou in holy fire,
[Page 53]When safe to sacred Zelias towres, thy zealous steps retire.
With this, the mad-gift-greedie man, Minerua did perswade;
The description of [...] his bow.
Who instantly drew forth a bow, most admirably made
Of th'antler of a iumping Goate, bred in a steepe vp land;
Which Archerlike (as long before, he tooke his hidden stand;
The Euicke, skipping from a rocke) into the breast he smote;
And headlong feld him from his cliffe. The forehead of the Gote,
Held out a wondrous goodly palme, that sixteene branches brought:
Of all which, (ioynd) an vsefull bow, a skilfull Bowyer wrought;
(Which pickt and polisht,) both the ends, he hid with hornes of gold.
And this bow (bent) he close laid downe, and bad his souldiers hold
Their shields before him; lest the Greekes (discerning him) should rise
In tumults, ere the Spartan king, could be his arrowes prise.
Meane space, with all his care he chusd, and from his quiuer drew
An arrow, fetherd best for flight; and yet, that neuer flew;
Strong headed, and most apt to pierce; then tooke he vp his bow,
And nockt his shaft; the ground whence all, their future griefe did grow.
When (praying to his God the Sunne, that was in Lycia bred,
And king of Archers; promising, that he the blood would shed
Of full an hundred first fallen lambes, all offred to his name,
When to Zelias sacred wals, from rescu'd Troy he came)
He tooke his arrow by the nocke, and to his bended brest,
Virgil vseth these verses.
The Oxy sinew close he drew, euen till the pile did rest,
Vpon the bosome of the bow: and as that sauage prise,
Pandarus draught and shoote.
His strength constraind into an Orb; (as if the wind did rise)
The coming of it made a noise; the sinew forged string
Did giue a mightie twang; and forth, the eager shaft did sing,
(Affecting speedinesse of flight) amongst the Achiue throng:
Nor were the blessed heauenly powres, vnmindfull of thy wrong,
O Menelaus; but in chiefe, Ioues seed the Pillager,
[...] hurt.
Stood close before, and slackt the force, the arrow did confer;
With as much care, and little hurt, As doth a mother vse,
And keepe off from her babe, when sleepe, doth through his powers diffuse
His golden humor; and th'assaults, of rude and busie flies
She still checks with her carefull hand: for so the shaft she plies,
That on the buttons made of gold, which made his girdle fast,
And where his curets double were, the fall of it she plac't.
And thus much proofe she put it to: the buckle made of gold;
The belt it fastned, brauely wrought; his curets double fold;
And last, the charmed plate he wore, which helpt him more then all;
And gainst all darts, and shafts bestowd, was to his life a wall.
So (through all these) the vpper skin, the head did onely race,
Yet foorth the blood flow'd, which did much, his royall person grace;
And shew'd vpon his Iuorie skin, as doth a purple dye,
Laid (by a Dame of Caira, or louely Maeony)
On Iuorie; wrought in ornaments, to decke the cheeks of horse;
Which in her mariage roome must lie; whose beauties haue such force,
That they are wisht of many knights; but are such precious things,
[Page 54]That they are kept for horse that draw, the chariots of kings;
Which horse (so deckt) the chariotere, esteemes a grace to him:
Like these (in grace) the blood vpon, thy solid thighes did swim,
O Menelaus, downe thy calues, and ankles to the ground;
For nothing decks a souldier so, as doth an honour'd wound.
Yet (fearing he had far'd much worse) the haire stood vp on end
On Agame [...]non, when he saw, so much blacke blood descend.
And stifned with the like dismay, was Menelaus to:
But (seeing th'arrowes stale without,) and that the head did go
No further then it might be seene, he cald his spirits againe:
Which Agamemnon marking not, (but thinking he was slaine)
He grip't his brother by the hand, and sigh't as he would breake:
Which sigh the whole host tooke from him, who thus at last did speake:
O dearest brother, is't for this? That thy death must be wrought,
Agamemnous complaint and [...]are of his bro­thers h [...]rt.
Wrought I this truce? For this hast thou, the single combat fought
For all the armie of the Greekes? For this, hath Ilion sworne,
And trod all faith beneath their feet? Yet all this hath not worne
The right we challeng'd, out of force; this cannot render vaine
Our stricken right hands; sacred wine; nor all our offrings slaine.
For though Olympius be not quicke, in making good our ill,
He will be sure, as he is slow; and sharplier proue his will.
Their owne hands shall be ministers, of those plagues they despise:
Which shall their wiues and children reach, and all their progenies.
For both in mind, and soule, I know, that there shall come a day,
When Ilion, Priam, all his powre, shall quite be worne away;
When heauen-inhabiting Ioue shall shake, his fierie shield at all,
For this one mischiefe. This I know, the world cannot recall.
But, be all this; all my griefe still, for thee will be the same,
(Deare brother:) if thy life must here, put out his royall flame;
I shall to sandie Argos turne, with infamie, my face;
And all the Greekes will call for home: old Priam and his race
Will flame in glorie; Helena, vntoucht, be still their pray;
And thy bones in our enemies earth, our cursed fates shall lay;
Thy Sepulcher be troden downe; the pride of Troy desire,
(Insulting on it:) Thus, ô thus, let Agamemno [...]s ire,
In all his acts, be expiate; as now he carries home
His idle armie, emptie ships; and leaues here ouercome
Good Menelaus. When this Braue, breakes in their hated breath;
Then let the broade earth swallow me, and take me quicke to death.
Nor shall this euer chance (said he,) and therefore be of cheare;
Menelaus to Agamemnon.
Lest all the armie (led by you,) your passions put in feare.
The arrow fell in no such place, as death could enter at;
My girdle, curets doubled here, and my most trusted plate,
Obiected all twixt me and death; the shaft scarce piercing one.
Good brother (said the king) I wish, it were no further gone;
Agamemnon to Men [...]laus.
For then our best in medicines skild, shall ope and search the wound;
Applying balmes to ease thy paines, and soone restore thee sound.
This said, diuine Talthybius, he cald, and bad him haste
[Page 55] Machaon (Aesculapius sonne, who most of men was grac't
[...] [...] [...] for [...]
With Physicks soueraigne remedies) to come and lend his hand
To Menelaus; shot by one, well skild in the command
Of bow and arrowes; one of Troy, or of the Lycian aid;
Who much hath glorified our foe, and vs as much dismaid.
He heard, and hasted instantly; and cast his eyes about
The thickest squadrons of the Greekes, to find Machaon out.
He found him standing guarded well, with well-arm'd men of Thrace;
With whom he quickly ioynd, and said; Man of Apollos race?
Tal [...]ybius to Mach [...]on.
Haste; for the king of men commands, to see a wound imprest,
In Menelaus (great in armes) by one instructed best
In th'art of archerie; of Troy, or of the Lycian bands,
That them with much renowne adornes; vs with dishonor brands.
Machaon much was mou'd with this, who with the herald flew
From troope to troope, alongst the host; and soone they came in view
Of hurt Atrides; circled round, with all the Grecian kings;
Who all gaue way; and straight he drawes, the shaft: which forth he brings
Machaon draws the arro [...].
Without the forkes; the girdle then, plate, curets, off he pluckes,
And viewes the wound; when first from it, the clotterd blood he sucks;
Then medicines wondrously composd, the skilfull Leech applyed,
Which louing Chyron taught his Sire; he from his Sire had tryed.
While these were thus employd to ease, the Atrean martialist,
The Troians arm'd, and charg'd the Greekes; the Greekes arme and resist.
The Troians re­new the figh [...].
Then not asleepe, nor maz'd with feare, nor shifting off the blowes,
You could behold the king of men; but in full speed he goes
To set a glorious fight on foote: and he examples this,
Agamemnon marshals his armi [...].
With toyling (like the worst) on foote; who therefore did dismisse
His brasse-arm'd chariot, and his steeds, with Ptolomaus sonne,
(Sonne of Pyraides) their guide, the good Eu [...]ymidon;
Yet (said the king) attend with them, lest wearinesse should seise
My lims, surcharg'd with ordering troopes, so thicke and vast as these.
Eurymidon then rein'd his horse, that trotted neighing by;
The king a foot-man, and so scowres, the squadrons orderly.
Those of his swiftly-mounted Greekes, that in their armes were fit,
Agamemnon to the Greek [...]s.
Those he put on, with chearfull words, and bad them not remit
The least sparke of their forward spirits, because the Troians durst
Take these abhord aduantages; but let them do their wurst▪
For they might be assur'd that Ioue, would patronise no lies;
And that, who with the breach of truce, would hurt their enemies,
With vultures should be torne themselues; that they should raze their towne:
Their wiues, and children at their breasts, led vassals to their owne.
But such as he beheld hang off, from that increasing fight;
Such would he bitterly rebuke, and with disgrace excite;
Base Argiues, blush ye not to stand, as made for Buts to darts?
Agamemnon to the negligent souldiers.
Why are ye thus discomfited, like Hinds that haue no harts?
Who wearied with a long-run field, are instantly embost,
Stand still, and in their beastly breasts, is all their courage lost:
And so stand you strooke with amaze, nor dare to strike a stroke.
[Page 56]Would ye the foe should nearer yet, your dastard splenes prouoke?
Euen where on Neptunes fomie shore, our nauies lie in sight?
To see if Ioue will hold your hands, and teach ye how to fight?
Thus he (commanding) rang'd the host; and (passing many a band)
He came to the Cretensian troopes, where all did armed stand,
About the martiall Idomen; who brauely stood before,
In vantguard of his troopes, and matcht, for strength a sauage Bore.
Meriones (his chariotere) the Rereguard bringing on:
Which seene to Atreus sonne, to him, it was a sight alone;
And Idomens confirmed mind, with these kind words he seekes;
O Idomen! I euer lou'd, thy selfe past all the Greekes;
Agamemnon to Idomen.
In warre, or any worke of peace; at table, euery where;
For when the best of Greece besides, mixe euer, at our cheere,
My good old ardent wine, with small; and our inferiour mates
Drinke euen that mixt wine measur'd too; thou drinkst without those rates
Our old wine, neate; and euermore, thy boll stands full like mine;
To drinke, still when, and what thou wilt. Then rowse that heart of thine;
And whatsoeuer heretofore, thou hast assum'd to be,
This day be greater. To the king, in this sort, answerd he;
Atrides, what I euer seem'd, the same, at euerie part,
Idomen to Aga­memnon.
This day shall shew me at the full; and I will fit thy hart.
But thou shouldst rather cheare the rest, and tell them they in right
Of all good warre, must offer blowes, and should begin the fight.
(Since Troy first brake the holy truce) and not endure these braues,
To take wrong first, and then be dar'd, to the reuenge it craues.
Assuring them that Troy, in fate, must haue the worse at last;
Since first, and gainst a truce, they hurt; where they should haue embrac't.
This comfort, and aduice did fit, Atrides heart indeed,
Who still through new raisd swarmes of men, held his laborious speed:
And came where both th' Aiaces stood; whom like the last he found,
Arm'd, caskt, and readie for the fight. Behind them, hid the ground,
A cloud of foot, that seem'd to smoke. And as a Gotehea [...]d spies,
On some hils top, out of the Sea, a rainie vapour rise,
How the troopes of Aiax stood.
Driuen by the breath of Zephyrus, which (though farre off he rest)
Comes on as blacke as pitch, and brings, a tempest in his breast;
Whereat, he frighted, driues his heards, apace, into a den:
So (darkning earth, with darts and shields) shew'd these with all their men.
This sight, with like ioy fir'd the king, who thus let forth the flame,
In crying out to both the Dukes: O you of equall name,
Agamemnon to the Aiaces.
I must not cheare; nay, I disclaime, all my command of you,
Your selues command with such free minds, and make your souldiers shew,
As you, nor I led, but themselues. O would our father Ioue,
Minerua, and the God of light, would all our bodies mou [...]
With such braue spirits as breathe in you: then Priams lofti [...] towne
Should soone be taken by our hands, for euer ouerthrowne.
Then held he on to other troopes, and Nestor, next beheld,
(The subtle Pylian Orator) range vp and downe the field,
Nestors art i [...] ordering his souldiers.
Embattelling his men at armes, and stirring all to blowes;
[Page 57]Points euerie legion out his Chiefe, and euery Chiefe he showes
The formes, and discipline of warre: yet his Commanders were
All expert, and renowmed men: Great Pelagon was there;
Alastor: manly Chromius; and Hemon, worth a Throne;
And Byas, that could armies leade: with these he first put on,
His horse troopes, with their chariots: his foote (of which he chusde
Many, the best and ablest men, and which he euer vsde,
As rampire to his generall powre) he in the Rere disposd.
The slouthfull, and the least of spirit, he in the midst inclosd;
That such as wanted noble wils, base need might force to stand.
His horse troopes (that the Vantgard had) he strictly did command
To ride their horses temperatly; to keepe their rankes, and shun
Confusion; lest their horsemanship, and courage made them run
(Too much presum'd on) much too farre: and (charging so alone)
Engage themselues, in th'enemies strength; where many fight with one.
Who his owne chariot leaues to range; let him not freely go,
But straight vnhorse him with a lance: for tis much better so.
And with this discipline (said he) this forme, these minds, this trust;
Our Ancestors haue, walles, and townes, laid leuell with the dust.
Thus prompt, and long inur'd to armes, this old man did exhort;
And this Atrides likewise tooke, in wondrous chearefull sort:
And said, O Father! would to heauen, that as thy mind remaines
Agamemnon to Nestor.
In wonted vigor; so thy knees, could vndergo our paines.
But age, that all men ouercomes, hath made his prise on thee;
Yet still I wish, that some young man, growne old in mind, might be
Put in proportion with thy yeares; and thy mind (young in age)
Be fitly answerd with his youth; that still where conflicts rage,
And young men vsd to thrust for fame, thy braue exampling hand,
Might double our young Grecian spirits, and grace our whole Command.
The old knight answer'd: I my selfe, could wish (O Atreus sonne)
Nestor to Aga­memnon.
I were as young, as when I slue, braue Ereu [...]halion;
But Gods, at all times, giue not all, their gifts to mortall men.
If then I had the strength of youth, I mist the Counsels then,
That yeares now giue me; and now yeares, want that maine strength of youth;
Yet still my mind retaines her strength, (as you now said the sooth)
And would be, where that strength is vsd, affoording counsels sage,
To stirre youths minds vp; tis the grace, and office of our age;
Let yonger sinewes, Men sprong vp, whole ages after me,
And such as haue strength, vse it; and, as strong in honour be.
The king (all this while comforted) arriu'd next, where he found,
Well-rode Menestheus (Peteus sonne) stand still, inuirond round,
With his well-train'd Athenian troopes: and next to him he spide
The wise Vlysses, deedlesse too, and all his bands beside,
Of strong Cephalians; for as yet, th'alarme had not bene heard
In all their quarters, Greece, and Troy, were then so newly stird,
And then first mou'd (as they conceiu'd) and they so lookt about
To see both hoasts giue proofe of that, they yet had cause to doubt.
Atrides (seeing them stand so still) and spend their eyes at gaze;
[Page 58]Began to chide; And why (said he) dissolu'd thus, in a maze,
Thou sonne of Peteus, Ioue-nurst king; and thou in wicked sleight,
Agamemnon to Vlysses and Me­nestheu [...].
A cunning souldier, stand ye off? Expect ye that the fight
Should be by other men begun? tis fit the formost band
Should shew you there; you first should front, who first lifts vp his hand.
First you can heare, when I inuite, the Princes to a feast,
When first, most friendly, and at will, ye eate and drinke the best;
Yet in the fight, most willingly, ten troopes ye can behold
Take place before ye. Ithacus, at this his browes did fold,
And said, How hath thy violent tongue, broke through thy set of teeth?
Vlysses to Aga­ [...]emnon.
To say that we are slacke in fight? and to the field of death
Looke others should enforce our way? when we were busied then,
(Euen when thou spak'st) against the foe, to cheate and leade our men.
But thy eyes shall be witnesses (if it content thy will;
And that (as thou pretendst) these cares, do so affect thee still)
The father of Telemach [...] (whom I esteeme so deare,
And to whom, as a Legacie, Ile leaue my deeds done here)
Euen with the formost band of Troy, hath his encounter dar'd;
And therefore are thy speeches vaine, and had bene better spar'd.
He smiling, since he saw him mou'd, recald his words, and said;
Agamemnon to Vlysses.
Most generous L [...]ertes sonne, most wise of all our aid;
I neither do accuse thy worth, more then thy selfe may hold
Fit (that inferiours thinke not much (being slacke) to be controld;)
Nor take I on me thy command: for well I know thy mind
Knowes how sweet gentle counsels are; and that thou standst enclind
As I my selfe, for all our good. On then: if now we spake
What hath displeasd, another time, we full amends will make:
And Gods grant that thy vertue here, may proue so free, and braue,
That my reproofes may still be vaine, and thy deseruings graue.
Thus parted they, and forth he went, when he did leaning find
Against his chariot, neare his horse, him with the mightie mind,
Great Diomedes (Tydeus sonne) and Sthenelus, the seed
Of Capaneius; whom the king, seeing likewise out of deed,
Thus cried he out on Diomed: O melin what a feare
Agamemnon chideth Diomed.
The wise great warriour, Tydeus sonne, stands gazing euerie where,
For others to begin the fight? It was not Tydeus vse
To be so danted; whom his spirit, would euermore produce,
Before the formost of his friends, in these affaires of fright,
As they report that haue beheld, him labour in a fight.
For me, I neuer knew the man, nor in his presence came:
But excellent aboue the rest, he was in generall fame.
And one renowm'd exploit of his, I am assur'd is true,
The historie of Tydeus.
He came to the Mycenian Court, without armes, and did sue,
At Godlike Polinices hands, to haue some worthie aid,
To their designes, that gainst the wals, of sacred Thebes were laid.
He was great Polinices guest, and nobly entertaind:
And of the kind Mycenian state, what he requested gaind,
In meere consent: but when they should, the same in act approue,
[Page 59](By some sinister prodigies, held out to them by Io [...]e,)
They were discourag'd; thence he went, and safely had his passe
Backe to Aesopus flood, renowm'd, for Bulrushes and grasse;
Yet, once more, their Ambassadour, the Grecian Pe [...]res addresse,
Lord Tydeus to Eteocles: to whom being giuen accesse,
He found him feasting with a crew, of Cadmians in his hall;
Amongst whom, though an enemie, and onely one to all;
To all yet, he his challenge made, at euerie Martiall feate;
And easly foild all, since with him, Miner [...]a was so great.
The ranke-rode Cadmians (much incenst, with their so foule disgrace)
Lodg'd ambuscados for their foe, in some well chosen place,
By which he was to make returne. Twise fiue and twentie men,
And two of them, great captaines too, the ambush did containe.
The names of those two men of rule, were M [...]on, H [...]mons sonne,
And Lycophontes, Keepe-field cald, the heire of Autophon,
By all men honord like the Gods: yet these and all their friends,
Were sent to hell by Tydeus hand, and had vntimely ends.
He trusting to the aid of Gods, reueald by Augurie;
Obeying which, one Chiefe he sau'd, and did his life apply,
To be the heauie messenger, of all the others deaths;
And that sad message (with his life) to Maeon he bequeaths;
So braue a knight was Tydeus: of whom a sonne is sprong,
Inferiour farre, in martiall deeds, though higher in his tongue.
All this, Tydides silent heard, aw'd by the reuerend king;
Which stung hote Sthenelus with wrath, who thus put forth his sting:
Atrides? when thou know'st the truth, speake what thy knowledge is,
And do not lie so; for I know, and I will bragge in this;
Sthenelus rough speech to Aga­memnon.
That we are farre more able men, then both our fathers were;
We tooke the seuen-fold ported Thebes, when yet we had not there
So great helpe as our fathers had; and fought beneath a wall,
Sacred to Mars, by helpe of Ioue; and trusting to the fall
Of happie signes from other Gods, by whom we tooke the towne
Vntoucht; our fathers perishing there, by sollies of their owne:
And therefore neuer more compare, our fathers worth with ours.
Tydides frownd at this, and said; Suppresse thine angers pow'rs,
(Good friend) and heare why I refrain'd: thou seest I am not mou'd
Diomed rebuk [...]s Sthene [...]s.
Against our Generall, since he did, but what his place behou'd,
Admonishing all Greekes to fight: for if Troy proue our prise,
The honor, and the ioy is his. If here our ruine lies,
The shame and griefe for that, as mu [...]h, is his in greatest kinds.
As he then his charge, weigh we ours: which is our dantlesse minds.
Thus from his chariot (amply arm'd) he iumpt downe to the ground:
The armor of the angrie king, so horribly did sound,
It might haue made his brauest foe, let feare, take downe his braues.
And as when with the West-wind flawes, the sea thrusts vp her waues,
One after other, thicke, and high, vpon the groning shores;
First, in her selfe, lowd (but opposd, with banks and Rocks) she [...]ores,
And (all her backe in bristles set) spits euerie way her some;
[Page 60]So (after Diomed) instantly, the field was ouercome
With thicke impressions of the Greekes; and all the noise that grew
The silence of the Greeke fight.
(Ordring and chearing vp their men) from onely leaders flew.
The rest went silently away, you could not heare a voice,
Nor would haue thought, in all their breasts, they had one in their choice;
Their silence vttering their awe, of them, that them contrould;
Which made ech man keep bright his arms, march, fight still where he should.
The Troians (like a sort of Ewes, pend in a rich mans fold,
The Troians cō ­pared to Ew [...]s.
Close at his dore, till all be milkt; and neuer baaing hold,
Hearing the bleating of their lambs) did all their wide host fill,
With showts and clamors; nor obseru'd, one voice, one baaing still;
But shew'd mixt tongs from many a land; of men, cald to their aid:
Rude Mars, had th'ordring of their spirits: of Greeks, the learned Maid.
Mars for the Troians, Pallas for the Greekes.
But Terror follow'd both the hosts, and flight; and furious Strife,
The sister, and the mate of Mars, that spoile of humane life;
Discord the si­st [...]r of Mar [...].
And neuer is her rage at rest; at first she is but small,
Yet after, (but a little fed) she growes so vast, and tall,
Virgil the same of [...]ame.
That while her feet moue here in earth, her forhead is in heauen.
And this was she, that made euen then, both hosts so deadly giuen.
Through euery troope she stalkt, and stird, rough sighes vp as she went:
But when in one field, both the foes, her furie did content;
And both came vnder reach of darts, then darts, and shields opposd
To darts and shields, strength answerd strength; then swords and targets closd
With swords and targets; both with pikes; and then did tumult rise
Vp to her height; then conquerors boasts, mixt with the conquerds cries,
Earth flow'd with blood. And as from hils, raine waters, headlong fall,
That all waies, eate huge Ruts, which, met, in one bed, fill a vall
With such a confluence of streames; that on the mountaine grounds
Farre off, in frighted shepheards eares, the bustling noise rebounds:
So grew their conflicts; and so shew'd, their scuffling to the eare;
With flight, and clamor, still commixt, and all effects of feare.
And first renowm'd Antilochus, slew (fighting in the face
Antiloc [...]us slue [...].
Of all Achaias formost bands, with an vndanted grace)
Echepolus Thalysiades: he was an armed man;
Whom, on his haire-plum'd helmets crest, the dart first smote; then ran
Into his forehead, and there stucke; the steele pile making way
Quite through his skull; a hastie night, shut vp his latest day.
His fall was like a fight-rac't towre; like which, lying their dispred,
King Elephenor, (who was sonne to Chalcodon, and led
The valiant Abants) couetous; that he might first possesse
His armes, laid hands vpon his feet; hal'd him from the preasse
Of darts, and Iauelins hurld at him. The action of the king
Elephenor draw­ing of the body of Echepolus is slaine by Age­nor.
When (great in heart) Agenor saw, he made his Iaueline sing
To th'others labor; and along, as he the trunke did wrest,
His side (at which he bore his shield, in bowing of his breast)
Lay naked, and receiu'd the lance; that made him lose his hold,
And life together; which in hope, of that he lost, he sold.
But for his sake the fight grew fierce; the Troians and their foe,
[Page 61]Like wolues, on one another rusht; and ma [...] for man it goes.
The next of name, that seru'd his fate; great Aiax Telamo [...],
[...] slaies Si­ [...].
Preferd so sadly; he was heire, to old Anthemion,
And deckt with all the flowre of youth: the fruit of which yet fled,
Before the honourd nuptiall torch, could light him to his bed;
His name was Symoisius; For, some few yeares before,
His mother walking downe the hill, of Ida, by the shore
Of Syluer Symois, to see, her parents [...]locks; with them,
She (feeling sodainely the paines, of child-birth) by the streame
Of that bright riuer brought him forth; and so (of Symois)
They cald him Symoisius. Sweet was that birth of his
To his kind parents; and his growth, did all their care employ;
And yet those rites of pietie, that should haue bene his ioy,
To pay their honourd yeares againe, in as affectionate sort,
He could not graciously performe, his sweet life was so short:
Cut off with mightie Aiax lance. For, as his spirit put on,
He strooke him at his breasts right pappe, quite through his shoulder bone;
And in the dust of earth he fell, that was the fruitfull soyle
Of his friends hopes; but where he sow'd, he buried all his toyle.
And as a Poplar shot aloft, set by a riuer side,
In moist edge of a mightiefenne, his head in curls implide;
But all his bodie plaine and smooth: to which a Wheel-wright puts
The sharpe edge of his shining axe, and his soft timber cuts
From his innatiue roote; in hope, to hew out of his bole
The Fell'ffs, or out-parts of a wheele, that compasse in the whole;
To serue some goodly chariot; but (being bigge and sad,
And to be hal'd home through the bogs) the vsefull hope he had
Sticks there; and there the goodly plant, lies withring out his grace:
So lay, by Ioue-bred Aiax hand, Anthemions forward race.
Nor could through that vast fen of toiles, be drawne to serue the ends
Intended by his bodies pow'rs, nor cheare his aged friends.
But now the gay-arm'd Antiphus (a sonne of Priam) threw
Antiphus one of Priams sonnes.
His lance at Aiax through the preasse, which went by him, and flew
On Leucus, wise Vlysses friend; his groine it smote, as faine
He would haue drawne into his spoile, the ca [...]kasse of the slaine;
By which he fell, and that by him; it vext Vlysses heart;
Who thrust into the face of fight, well arm'd at euerie part,
Came close, and lookt about to find, an obiect worth his lance;
Which when the Troians saw him shake, and he so neare aduance,
All shrunke; he threw, and forth it shin'd: nor fell, but where it feld:
His friends griefe gaue it angrie powre, and deadly way it held
D [...]mocoon Priās base sonne [...]lain by [...].
Vpon Democoon, who was sprung, of Priams wanton force;
Came from Abydus, and was made, the maister of his horse.
Through both his temples strooke the dart, the wood of one side shewd,
The pile out of the other lookt, and so the earth he strewd,
With much sound of his weightie armes. Then backe the formost went,
Euen Hector yeelded; then the Greekes, gaue worthie clamors vent,
Effecting then their first dumbe powers; some drew the dead and spoild;
[Page 62]Some followed; that in open flight, Troy might confesse it foild.
Apollo (angrie at the sight) from top of Ilion cride,
Apollo excites the Troians.
Turne head, ye well-rode Peeres of Troy, feed not the Grecians pride;
They are not charm'd against your points, of steele, nor Iron fram'd;
Nor fights the faire-haird Thetis sonne, but sits at fleet inflam'd.
So spake the dreadfull God from Troy. The Greekes, Ioues noblest seed,
Encourag'd to keepe on the chace: and where fit spirit did need,
Pall [...] encoura­geth the Greeks.
She gaue it, marching in the midst; Then flew the fatall howre
Backe on Diores, in returne, of Ilions sun-burnd powre;
Diores Amarincides, whose right legs ankle bone,
And both the sinewes, with a sharpe, and handfull charging stone,
Pirus Imbrasides did breake, that led the Thracian bands,
And came from Aenos; downe he fell, and vp he held his hands
To his lou'd friends; his spirit wingd, to flie out of his breast;
With which not satisfied, againe, Imbrasides addrest
His Iaueline at him, and so ript, his nauill, that the wound,
(As endlesly it shut his eyes) so (opend) on the ground,
It powr'd his entrailes. As his foe, went then suffisd away,
Thoas Aetolius threw a dart, that did his pile conuay
Aboue his nipple, through his lungs; when (quitting his sterne part)
He closd with him; and from his breast, first drawing out his dart,
Piros [...]aine by Thoas.
His sword flew in, and by the midst, it wip't his bellie out;
So tooke his life, but left his armes; his friends so flockt about,
And thrust forth lances of such length, before their slaughterd king,
Which though their foe were big and strong, and often brake the ring,
Forg'd of their lances; yet (enforc't) he left th'affected prise;
The Thracian, and Epeian Dukes, laid close with closed eyes,
By either other, drownd in dust; and round about the plaine
All hid with slaughterd carkasses; yet still did hotely raigne
The martiall planet; whose effects, had any eye beheld,
Free, and vnwounded (and were led, by Pallas through the field
To keepe of Iauelins, and suggest, the least fault could be found)
He could not reprehend the fight, so many strew'd the ground.
The end of the fourth Booke.


KIng Diomed (by Pallas spirit inspir'd,
With will and powre) is for his acts admir'd:
Meere men, and men deriu'd from Deities,
And Deities themselues, he terrifies;
Addes wounds to terrors: his inflamed lance
Drawes blood from Mars, and Venus: In a trance
He casts Aeneas, with a weightie stone;
Apollo quickens him, and gets him gone:
Mars is recur'd by Paeon; but by Ioue
Rebuk't, for authoring breach of humane loue.
Another Argument.
In Epsilon, heauens blood is shed,
By sacred rage of Diomed.
THen Pallas breath'd in Tydeus sonne: to render whom supreame
Pallas inspires and glorifies Diomed.
To all the Greekes, at all his parts, she cast a hoter beame,
On his high mind; his body fild, with much superiour might,
And made his compleate armor cast, a farre more complete light.
From his bright helme and shield, did burne, a most vnwearied fire:
This simile lik [...] ­wise Virgil Iearus of him.
Like rich Autumnus golden lampe, whose brightnesse men admire,
Past all the other host of starres, when with his chearefull face,
Fresh washt in loftie Ocean waues, he doth the skies enchase.
To let whose glorie lose no sight, still Pallas made him turne,
Where tumult most exprest his powre, and where the fight did burne.
Dares Priest of Mulciber, or Vulcan.
An honest and a wealthie man, inhabited in Troy;
Dares the Priest of Mulciber, who two sons did enioy,
Idaeus, and bold Phegeus, well seene in euerie fight:
These (singl'd from their troopes, and horst) assaild Mineruas knight,
Ideus and Phe­geus both a­gainst Diom [...]d.
Who rang'd from fight to fight, on foote; all hasting mutuall charge,
(And now drawne neare) first Phegeus threw, a iaueline swift and large:
Whose head the kings left shoulder tooke, but did no harme at all:
Then rusht he out a lance at him, that had no idle fall;
But in his breast stucke twixt the paps, and strooke him from his horse.
Phegeus slaine, Ideus [...].
Which sterne sight, when Idaeus saw (distrustfull of his force
To saue his slaughterd brothers spoile) it made him headlong leape
From his faire chariot, and leaue all: yet had not scap't the heape
Of heauie funerall, if the God, great president of fire,
Had not (in sodaine clouds of smoke, and pittie of his Sire,
[Page 64]To leaue him vtterly vnheird) giuen safe passe to his feet.
He gone, Tydides sent the horse, and chariot to the fleet.
The Troians seeing Dares sonnes, one slaine, the other fled,
Were strooke amaz'd; the blew-eyd maide (to grace her Diomed
In giuing free way to his power) made this so ruthfull sact,
A fit aduantage to remoue, the warre-God out of act,
Who rag'd so on the Ilion side; she grip't his hand and said,
Mars, Mars, thou ruinor of men, that in the dust hast laid
Pallas to Mars.
So many cities, and with blood, thy Godhead dost disteine;
Now shall we ceasse to shew our breasts, as passionate as men,
And leaue the mixture of our hands? resigning Ioue his right
(As rector of the Gods) to giue, the glorie of the fight,
Where he affecteth? lest he force, what we should freely yeeld?
He held it fit, and went with her, from the tumultuous field,
Who set him in an hearby seate, on brode Scamanders shore.
Mars leaues the field, and Troy flies.
He gone, all Troy was gone with him, the Greekes draue all before,
And euerie Leader slue a man; but first the king of men
Deseru'd the honor of his name, and led the slaughter then,
Agamemnon [...] Odius.
And slue a Leader; one more huge, then any man he led;
Great Odius, Duke of Halizons; quite from his chariots head
He strooke him with a lance to earth, as first he flight addrest;
It tooke his forward-turned backe, and lookt out of his breast;
His huge trunke sounded, and his armes, did eccho the resound.
Idomenaeus to the death, did noble Phaestus wound,
Idomenaeus slaies Phaestus.
The sonne of Maeon Borus, that, from cloddie Terna came;
Who (taking chariot) tooke his wound, and tumbl'd with the same
From his attempted seate; the lance, through his right shoulder strooke,
And horrid darknesse strooke through him: the spoile his souldiers tooke.
Atrides-Menelaus slue (as he before him fled)
Menelaus slaies Scamandrius.
Scamandrius, sonne of Strophius, that was a huntsman bred;
A skilfull huntsman, for his skill, Dianas selfe did teach;
And made him able with his dart, infallibly to reach
All sorts of subtlest sauages, which many a wooddie hill
Bred for him; and he much preseru'd, and all to shew his skill.
Yet, not the dart-delighting Queene, taught him to shun this dart;
Nor all his hitting so farre off, (the mastrie of his art:)
His backe receiu'd it, and he fell, vpon his breast withall:
His bodies ruine, and his armes, so sounded in his fall,
That his affrighted horse flew off, and left him, like his life.
Meriones [...]lue Phereclus, whom she that nere was wife,
Meriones [...]lue Phereclus an excellent Ar­chitect.
Yet Goddesse of good housewiues, held, in excellent respect,
For knowing all the wittie things, that grace an Architect;
And hauing pow'r to giue it all, the cunning vse of hand;
Harmonides his sire built ships, and made him vnderstand,
(With all the practise it requir'd) the frame of all that skill;
He built all Alexanders ships, that au [...]hord all the ill
Of all the Troians and his owne, because he did not know
The Oracles, aduising Troy (for feare of ouerthrow)
[Page 65]To meddle with no sea affaire, but liue by tilling land;
This man Meriones surprisd, and draue his deadly hand
Through his right hip; the lances head, ran through the region
About the bladder, vnderneath, th'in-muscles, and the bone;
He (sighing) bow'd his knees to death, and sacrific'd to earth.
Phylides staid Pedaeus flight; Antenors bastard birth:
Pedaeus slain by Phylides.
Whom vertuous Theano his wife (to please her husband) kept
As tenderly as those she lou'd. Phylides neare him stept,
And in the fountaine of the nerues, did drench his feruent lance,
At his heads backe-part; and so farre, the sharpe head did aduance,
It cleft the Organe of his speech; and th'Iron (cold as death)
He tooke betwixt his grinning teeth, and gaue the aire his breath.
Eurypilus slai [...]s Hypsenor.
Eurypilus the much renowm'd, and great Euemons sonne,
Diuine Hypsenor slue, begot, by stout Dolopion,
And consecrate Scamanders Priest; he had a Gods regard,
Amongst the people: his hard flight, the Grecian followed hard;
Rusht in so close, that with his sword, he on his shoulder laid
A blow, that his armes brawne cut off; nor there his vigor staid,
But draue downe, and from off his wrist, it hewd his holy hand,
That gusht out blood, and downe it dropt, vpon the blushing sand;
Death, with his purple finger shut, and violent fate, his eyes.
Thus fought these, but distinguisht well; Tydides so implies
His furie, that you could not know, whose side had interest
Diomed compa­red to a torrent.
In his free labours, Greece or Troy. But as a flood increast
By violent and sodaine showres, let downe from hils, like hils
Melted in furie; swels, and fomes, and so he ouerfils
His naturall channell; that besides, both hedge and bridge resignes
To his rough confluence, farre spread: and lustie flourishing vines
Drownd in his outrage. Tydeus sonne, so ouer-ran the field,
Strew'd such as flourisht in his way: and made whole squadrons yeeld.
When Pandarus, Lycaons sonne, beheld his ruining hand,
With such resistlesse insolence, make lanes through euerie band:
He bent his gold-tipt bow of horne, and shot him rushing in,
Pandarus wounds Diomed
At his right shoulder; where his armes, were hollow; foorth did spin
The blood, and downe his curets ranne; then Pandarus cried out,
Ranke riding Troians, Now rush in: Now, now, I make no doubt,
Our brauest foe is markt for death, he cannot long sustaine
My violent shaft, if Ioues faire Sonne, did worthily constraine
My foot from Lycia: thus he brau'd, and yet his violent sha [...]t
Strooke short with all his violence, Tydides life was saft;
Who yet withdrew himselfe, behind, his chariot and steeds,
And cald to Sthenelus; Come friend, my wounded shoulder needs
Thy hand to ease it of this shaft. He hasted from his seate
Before the coach, and drew the shaft: the purple wound did sweate,
And drowne his shirt of male in blood, and as it bled he praid:
Heare me, of Ioue Aegiochus, thou most vnconquerd maid,
Diomeds prayer to Pall [...].
If euer in the cruell field, thou hast assistfull stood,
Or to my father, or my selfe, now loue, and do me good;
[Page 66]Giue him into my lances reach, that thus hath giuen a wound,
To him thou guardst; preuenting me, and brags that neuer more,
I shall behold the chearefull Sunne: thus did the king implore.
The Goddesse heard, came neare, and tooke, the wearinesse of fight
From all his nerues and lineaments, and made them fresh and light,
Pallas encour a­geth Diomed.
And said; Be bold, ô Diomed, in euerie combat shine,
The great shield-shaker Tydeus strength (that knight, that Sire of thine)
By my infusion breaths in thee. And from thy knowing mind,
I haue remou'd those erring mists, that made it lately blind,
That thou maist difference Gods from men: and therefore vse thy skill,
Against the tempting Deities, if any haue a will
To trie if thou presum'st of that, as thine, that flowes from them;
And so assum'st aboue thy right. Where thou discern'st a beame
Of any other heauenly power, then she that rules in loue,
That cals thee to the change of blowes; resist not, but remoue;
But if that Goddesse be so bold (since she first stird this warre)
Assault and marke her from the rest, with some infamous scarre.
The blew-eyd Goddesse vanished, and he was seene againe
Amongst the foremost; who before, though he were prompt and faine
To fight against the Troians powers; now, on his spirits were cald,
With thrise the vigor, Lion-like, that hath bene lately gald,
Diomed made thrise so strong as before by Pall [...].
By some bold sheapheard in a field, where his curld flockes were laid;
Who tooke him as he leapt the fold; not slaine yet, but appaid,
With greater spirit; comes againe, and then the shepheard hides,
(The rather for the desolate place) and in his Coate abides;
His flockes left guardlesse; which amaz'd, shake and shrinke vp in heapes;
He (ruthlesse) freely takes his prey; and out againe he leapes:
So sprightly, fierce, victorious, the great Heroe flew
Vpon the Troians; and at once, he two Commanders slew;
Hyppenor and Astynous, in one, his lance he fixt,
Hyppenor and Astynous slaine by Diomed.
Full at the nipple of his breast: the other smote betwixt
The necke and shoulder with his sword; which was so well laid on,
It swept his arme and shoulder off. These left, he rusht vpon
Abbas, and Polyeidus, of old Eurydamas
The haplesse sonnes; who could by dreames, tell what would come to passe:
Yet, when his sonnes set forth to Troy, the old man could not read
By their dreames, what would chance to them, for both were stricken dead
By great Tydides: after these, he takes into his rage
Xanthus, and Thoon, Phenops sonnes, borne to him in his age;
The good old man, euen pin'd with yeares, and had not one sonne more
To heire his goods: yet Diomed, tooke both, and left him store
Of teares and sorowes in their steeds; since he could neuer see
His sonnes leaue those hote warres aliue: so, this the end must be
[...] [...].
Of all his labours; what he heapt, to make his issue great,
Authoritie heird, and with her seed, fild his forgotten seate.
Then snatcht he vp two Priamists, that in one chariot stood;
Simile of a Lyon otherwise applied then be­fore.
Echemon, and faire Chromius; as feeding in a wood
Oxen or steeres are; one of which, a Lyon leapes vpon,
[Page 67]Teares downe, and wrings in two his necke: so sternely Tydeus sonne
Threw from their chariot both these hopes, of old Dardanides:
Then tooke their armes, and sent their horse, to those that ride the seas.
Aeneas (seeing the troopes thus tost) brake through the heate of [...]ight,
And all the whizzing of the darts, to find the Lycian knight
Lycaons sonne: whom hauing found, he thus bespake the Peere:
O Pandarus, where's now thy bow? thy deathfull arrowes where?
[...] to Pan­darus.
In which no one in all our host, but giues the palme to thee;
Nor in the Sun-lou'd Lycian greenes, that breed our Archerie,
Liues any that exceeds thy selfe. Come lift thy hands to Ioue,
And send an arrow at this man (if but a man he proue,
That winnes such God-like victories; and now affects our host
With so much sorrow: since so much, of our best blood is lost
By his high valour;) I haue feare, some God in him doth threat,
Incenst for want of sacrifice; the wrath of God is great.
Lycaons famous sonne replyde; Great Counsellor of Troy,
Pandarus i [...] [...].
This man so excellent in armes, I thinke is Tydeus ioy;
I know him by his fierie shield, by his bright three plum'd caske,
And by his horse; nor can I say, if or some God doth maske
In his apparance; or he be (whom I nam'd) Tydeus sonne:
But without God, the things he does (for certaine) are not done;
Some great Immortall, that conueyes, his shoulders in a clowd,
Goes by, and puts by euerie dart, at his bold breast bestowd;
Or lets it take with little hurt▪ for I my selfe let flie
A shaft that shot him through his armes, but had as good gone by:
Yet, which I gloriously affirm'd, had driuen him downe to hell.
Some God is angrie, and with me; for farre hence, where I dwell,
My horse and Chariots idle stand; with which some other way
I might repaire this shamefull misse: eleuen faire chariots stay
In old Lycaons Court; new made, new trimd, to haue bene gone;
Curtaind and Arrast vnder-foote, two horse to euery one,
That eate white Barly and blacke Otes, and do no good at all:
And these Lycaon, (that well knew, how these affaires would fall)
Charg'd (when I set downe this designe) I should command with here;
And gaue me many lessons more, all which much better were
Then any I tooke forth my selfe. The reason I laid downe,
Was, but the sparing of my horse; since in a sieged towne,
I thought our horse-meate would be scant; when they were vsd to haue
Their mangers full; so I left them, and like a lackey slaue
Am come to Ilion, confident, in nothing but my bow,
That nothing profits me; two shafts, I vainly did bestow
At two great Princes; but of both, my arrowes neither slew;
Nor this, nor Atreus yonger sonne: a little blood I drew,
That seru'd but to incense them more. In an vnhappie starre,
I therefore from my Armorie, haue drawne those tooles of warre:
That day, when for great Hectors sake, to amiable Troy
I came to leade the Troian bands. But if I euer ioy
(In safe returne) my Countries sight; my wiues, my lofty towres;
[Page 68]Let any stranger take this head, if to the firie powres,
This bow, these shafts, in peeces burst (by these hands) be not throwne;
Idle companions that they are, to me and my renowne.
Aeneas said, Vse no such words; for, any other way
Aeneas to Pan­darus.
Then this, they shall not now be vsd: we first will both assay
This man with horse and chariot. Come then, ascend to me,
That thou maist trie our Troian horse, how skild in field they be;
And in pursuing those that flie, or flying, being pursude,
How excellent they are of foote: and these (if Ioue conclude)
The scape of Tydeus againe, and grace him with our flight)
Shall serue to bring vs safely off. Come, Ile be first shall fight:
Take thou these faire reines and this scourge; or (if thou wilt) fight thou,
And leaue the horses care to me. He answered, I will now
Descend to fight; keepe thou the reines, and guide thy selfe thy horse;
Who with their wonted manager, will better wield the force
Pandarus fights and Aeneas gui­deth the chariot.
Of the impulsiue chariot, if we be driuen to flie,
Then with a stranger; vnder whom, they will be much more shye,
And (fearing my voice, wishing thine) grow restie, nor go on,
To beare vs off; but leaue engag'd, for mightie Tydeus sonne,
Themselues and vs; Then be thy part, thy one hou'd horses guide;
Ile make the fight: and with a dart, receiue his vtmost pride.
With this the gorgious chariot, both (thus prepar'd) ascend,
And make full way at Diomed; which noted by his friend;
Mine owne most loued Mind (said he) two mightie men of warre
S [...]henelus to Diomed.
I see come with a purposd charge; one's he that hits so farre
With bow and shaft, Lycaons sonne: the other fames the brood
Of great Anchises, and the Queene, that rules in Amorous blood;
(Aeneas excellent in armes) come vp and vse your steeds,
And looke not warre so in the face, lest that desire that feeds
Thy great mind be the bane of it. This did with anger sting
The blood of Diomed, to see, his friend that chid the king
Before the fight, and then preferd, his ablesse, and his mind,
To all his ancestors in fight, now come so farre behind:
Diomed now finds time to make Sthenelus see better his late rebuke of mem [...]on.
Whom thus he answerd; Vrge no flight, you cannot please me so;
Nor is it honest in my mind, to feare a coming foe;
Or make a flight good, though with fight; my powers are yet entire,
And scorne the help-tire of a horse; I will not blow the fire
Of their ho [...]e valours with my flight; but cast vpon the blaze
This body borne vpon my knees: I entertaine amaze?
Minerua will not see that shame: and since they haue begun,
They shall not both elect their ends; and he that scapes shall runne;
Or stay and take the others fate: and this I leaue for thee;
If amply wise Athenia, giue both their liues to me,
Reine our horse to their chariot hard, and haue a speciall heed
To seise vpon Aeneas steeds; that we may change their breed,
And make a Grecian race of them, that haue bene long of Troy;
For, these are bred of those braue beasts, which for the louely Boy,
That waits now on the cup of Ioue, Ioue, that farre-seeing God.
[Page 69]Gaue Tros the king in recompence: the best that euer trod
The sounding Center, vnderneath, the Morning and the Sunne.
Anchises stole the breed of them; for where their Sires did runne,
He closely put his Mares to them, and neuer made it knowne
To him that heird them, who was then, the king Laomedon.
Sixe horses had he of that race, of which himselfe kept foure,
And gaue the other two his sonne; and these are they that scoure
The field so brauely towards vs, expert in charge and flight:
If these we haue the power to take, our prize is exquisite,
And our renowne will farre exceed. While these were talking thus,
The fir'd horse brought th' assailants neare: and thus spake Pandarus;
Pandarus to Diomed.
Most suffering-minded Tydeus sonne, that hast of warre the art:
My shaft that strooke thee, slue thee not, I now will proue a dart:
This said, he shooke, and then he threw, a lance, aloft and large,
That in Tydides curets stucke, quite driuing through his targe;
Then braid he out so wild a voice, that all the field might heare;
Now haue I reacht thy root of life, and by thy death shall beare
Our praises chiefe prize from the field: Tydides, vndismaid,
Replide; Thou err'st, I am not toucht: but more charge will be laid
To both your liues before you part: at least the life of one
Shall satiate the throate of Mars; this said, his lance was gone:
Minerua led it to his face, which at his eye ranne in,
And as he stoopt, strooke through his iawes, his tongs roote, and his chinne.
Diomed slaies Pandarus.
Downe from the chariot he fell, his gay armes shin'd and rung,
The swift horse trembled, and his soule, for euer charm'd his tongue.
Aeneas with his shield and lance, leapt swiftly to his friend,
Affraid the Greekes would force his trunke; and that he did defend,
Bold as a Lyon of his strength: he hid him with his shield,
Shooke round his lance, and horribly, did threaten all the field
With death, if any durst make in; Tydides raisd a stone,
With his one hand, of wondrous weight, and powr'd it mainly on
The hip of Anchisiades, wherein the ioynt doth moue
Aeneas being sonne to Anchi­ses.
The thigh, tis cald the huckle bone, which all in sherds it droue;
Brake both the nerues, and with the edge, cut all the flesh away:
It staggerd him vpon his knees, and made th' Heroe stay
His strooke-blind temples on his hand, his elbow on the earth;
And there this Prince of men had died, if she that gaue him birth,
(Kist by Anchises on the greene, where his faire oxen fed,
Ioues louing daughter) instantly, had not about him spred
Her soft embraces, and conuaid, within her heauenly vaile,
Venus takes off Aeneas being wounded.
(Vsd as a rampier gainst all darts, that did so hote assaile)
Her deare-lou'd issue from the field: Then Sthenelus in hast,
(Remembring what his friend aduisd) from forth the preasse made fast
His owne horse to their chariot, and presently laid hand,
Vpon the louely-coated horse, Aeneas did command;
The horse of Ae­neas made prise.
Which bringing (to the wondring Greekes) he did their guard commend
To his belou'd Deiphylus, who was his inward friend,
And (of his equals) one to whom, he had most honor showne▪
[Page 70]That he might see them safe at fleete: then stept he to his owne,
With which he chearefully made in, to Tydeus mightie race;
He (madde with his great enemies rape) was hote in desperate chase
Of her that made it; with his lance (arm'd lesse with steele then spight)
Well knowing her no Deitie, that had to do in fight;
Minerua his great patronesse, nor she that raceth townes,
Bellona; but a Goddesse weake, and foe to mens renownes;
Her (through a world of fight) pursude, at last he ouer-tooke,
And (thrusting vp his ruthlesse lance) her heauenly veile he strooke,
(That euen the Graces wrought themselues, at her diuine command)
Diomed wounds Venus.
Quite through, and hurt the tender backe, of her delicious hand:
The rude point piercing through her palme; forth flow'd th'immortall blood,
(Blood, such as flowes in blessed Gods, that eate no humane food,
Nor drinke of our inflaming wine, and therefore bloodlesse are,
And cald immortals:) out she cried, and could no longer beare
Her lou'd sonne, whom she cast from her; and in a sable clowd
Venus for an­guish throweth away Aeneas, whom Apollo receiues.
Phoebus (receiuing) hid him close, from all the Grecian crowd;
Lest some of them should find his death. Away flew Venus then,
And after her cried Diomed; Away thou spoile of men,
Though sprung from all-preseruing Ioue; These hote encounters leaue:
Diomed to Ve­nus.
Is't not enough that sillie Dames, thy sorceries should deceiue,
Vnlesse thou thrust into the warre, and rob a souldiers right?
I thinke, a few of these assaults, will make thee feare the fight,
Where euer thou shalt heare it nam'd. She sighing, went her way
Extremely grieu'd, and with her griefes, her beauties did decay;
And blacke her Iuorie bodie grew. Then from a dewy mist,
Iris rescues Venus.
Brake swift-foot Iris to her aide, from all the darts that hist,
At her quicke rapture; and to Mars, they tooke their plaintife course,
And found him on the fights left hand; by him his speedie horse,
And huge lance, lying in a fogge: the Queene of all things faire,
Venus to Mars.
Her loued brother on her knees, besought with instant prayre,
His golden-ribband bound-man'd horse, to lend her vp to heauen,
For she was much grieu'd with a wound, a mortall man had giuen;
Tydides: that gainst Ioue himselfe, durst now aduance his arme.
He granted, and his chariot (perplext with her late harme)
Mars lends his horse to Venus.
She mounted, and her wagonnesse, was she that paints the aire;
The horse she reind, and with a scourge, importun'd their repaire,
That of themselues out-flew the wind, and quickly they ascend
Olympus, high seate of the Gods; th'horse knew their iournies end,
Stood still, and from their chariot, the windie footed Dame
Dissolu'd, and gaue them heauenly food; and to Dione came
Her wounded daughter; bent her knees; she kindly bad her stand;
With sweet embraces helpt her vp; strok't her with her soft hand;
Call'd kindly by her name; and askt, what God hath bene so rude,
Dione mother of Venus, to Venus.
(Sweet daughter) to chastise thee thus? as if thou wert pursude,
Euen to the act of some light sinne, and deprehended so?
For otherwise, each close escape, is in the Great let go.
She answerd; Haughtie Tydeus sonne, hath bene so insolent;
Ven [...]s to Dione.
[Page 71]Since he, whom most my heart esteemes, of all my lou'd descent,
I rescu'd from his bloodie hand: now battell is not giuen,
To any Troians by the Greekes; but by the Greekes to heauen.
She answerd, Daughter, thinke not much, though much it grieue th [...] [...]
Dio [...] to [...].
The patience, whereof many Gods, examples may produce,
In many bitter ils receiu'd; as well that men sustaine
By their inflictions; as by men, repaid to them again [...].
Mars sufferd much more then thy selfe, by Ephialtes powre,
Mars bound in chaines by O [...]us and Ephial [...].
And Otus, Aloeus sonnes, who in a brazen towre,
(And in inextricable chaines) cast that warre-greedie God;
Where twise sixe months and one he liu'd, and there the period
Of his sad life perhaps had closd, if his kind step-dames eye,
Faire Erebaea had not seene, who told it Mercurie;
And he by stealth enfranchisd him, though he could scarce enioy
The benefite of franchisment, the chaines did so destroy
His vitall forces with their weight. So Iuno sufferd more,
When with a three-forkt arrowes head, Ampbytrios sonne did gore
Her right breast, past all hope of cure. Pluto sustaind no lesse
By that selfe man; and by a shaft, of equall bitternesse,
Shot through his shoulder at hell gates; and there (amongst the dead,
Were he not deathlesse) he had died: but vp to heauen he fled
(Extremely tortur'd) for recure, which instantly he wonne
At Paeons hand, with soueraigne Balme; and this did Ioues great sonne.
Paeon Phisit [...] to the Gods.
Vnblest, great-high-deed-daring man, that car'd not doing ill;
That with his bow durst wound the Gods; but by Mineruas will,
Thy wound, the foolish Diomed, was so prophane to giue;
Not knowing he that fights with heauen, hath neuer long to liue;
And for this deed, he neuer shall, haue child about his knee
To call him father, coming home. Besides, heare this from me,
(Strength-trusting man) though thou be strong, and art in strength a towre;
Take heed a stronger meet thee not, and that a womans powre
Containes not that superiour strength; and lest that woman be
Adrastus daughter, and thy wife, the wise Aegiale,
When (from this houre not farre) she wakes, euen sighing with desire
To kindle our reuenge on thee, with her enamouring fire,
In choosing her some fresh young friend, and so drowne all thy fame,
Wonne here in warre, in her Court-peace, and in an opener shame.
This said, with both her hands she cleansd, the tender backe and palme
Of all the sacred blood they lost; and neuer vsing Balme,
The paine ceast, and the wound was cur'd, of this kind Queene of loue.
Iuno and Pallas seeing this, assaid to anger Ioue,
And quit his late made-mirth with them, about the louing Dame,
With some sharpeiest, in like sort built, vpon her present shame.
Grey-eyd Athenia began, and askt the Thunderer,
Pallas to Iou [...].
If (nothing mouing him to wrath) she boldly might preferre
What she conceiu'd, to his conceipt: and (staying no reply)
She bade him view the Cyprian fruite, he lou'd so tenderly,
Whom she though hurt, and by this meanes, intending to suborne
[Page 72]Some other Ladie of the Greekes (whom louely veiles adorne)
To gratifie some other friend, of her much-loued Troy,
As she embrac't and stird her blood, to the Venerean ioy,
Scoptic [...].
The golden claspe those Grecian Dames, vpon their girdles weare,
Tooke hold of her delicious hand, and hurt it, she had feare.
The Thunderer smil'd, and cald to him, loues golden Arbitresse,
[...] to Venus.
And told her, those rough workes of warre, were not for her accesse:
She should be making mariages, embracings, kisses, charmes;
Sterne Mars and Pallas had the charge, of those affaires in armes.
While these thus talkt, Tydides rage, still thirsted to atchieue
His prise vpon Anchises sonne; though well he did perceiue
The Sunne himselfe protected him: but his desires (inflam'd
With that great Troian Princes blood, and armes so highly fam'd)
Not that great God did reuerence. Thrise rusht he rudely on;
And thrise betwixt his darts and death, the Sunnes bright target shone:
But when vpon the fourth assault (much like a spirit) he flew,
The far-off-working Deitie, exceeding wrathfull grew,
And askt him: What? Not yeeld to Gods? thy equals learne to know:
Apollo to Dio­med.
The race of Gods is farre aboue, men creeping here below.
This draue him to some small retreite; he would not tempt more neare
The wrath of him that strooke so farre; whose powre had now set cleare
Apollo beares Aeneas to Troy.
Aeneas from the stormie field, within the holy place
Of Pergamus; where, to the hope, of his so soueraigne grace
A goodly Temple was aduanc't; in whose large inmost part
He left him, and to his supply, enclin'd his mothers heart
(Latona) and the dart-pleasd Queene, who cur'd, and made him strong.
The siluer-bow'd-faire God, then threw, in the tumultuous throng,
An Image, that in stature, looke, and armes he did create
The Image of Aeneas.
Like Venus sonne; for which the Greekes, and Troians made debate,
Laid lowd strokes on their Ox-hide shields, and bucklers easly borne:
Which error Phoebus pleasd to vrge, on Mars himselfe in scorne:
Mars, Mars, (said he) thou plague of men, smeard with the dust and blood
Apollo to Mars.
Of humanes, and their ruin'd wals; yet thinks thy God-head good,
To fright this Furie from the field? who next will fight with Ioue.
First, in a bold approch he hurt, the moist palme of thy Loue:
And next (as if he did affect, to haue a Deities powre)
He held out his assault on me. This said, the loftie towre
Of Pergamus he made his seate, and Mars did now excite
The Troian forces, in the forme, of him that led to fight
The Thracian troopes; swift Acamas. O Priams sonnes (said he)
How long, the slaughter of your men, can ye sustaine to see?
Mars like Aca­mas to the sons of Priam.
Euen till they braue ye at your gates? Ye suffer beaten downe
Aeneas, great Anchises sonne; whose prowesse we renowne
As much as Hectors: fetch him off, from this contentious prease.
With this, the strength and spirits of all, his courage did increase;
And yet Sarpedon seconds him, with this particular taunt
Sarpedon re­proues Hector.
Of noble Hector; Hector? where, is thy vnthanfull vaunt,
And that huge strength on which it built? that thou, and thy allies,
[Page 73]With all thy brothers (without aid of vs or our supplies,
And troubling not a citizen) the Citie safe would hold:
In all which, friends, and brothers helps, I see not, nor am told
Of any one of their exploits; but (all held in dismay
Of Diomed; like a sort of dogs, that at a Lion bay,
And entertaine no spirit to pinch;) we (your assistants here)
Fight for the towne, as you helpt vs: and I (an aiding Peere,
No Citizen, euen out of care, that doth become a man,
For men and childrens liberties) adde all the aide I can:
Not out of my particular cause; far hence my profit growes:
For far hence Asian Lycia lies, where gulfie Xanthus flowes:
And where my lou'd wife, infant sonne, and treasure nothing scant,
I left behind me, which I see, those men would haue, that want:
And therefore they that haue, would keepe; yet I (as I would lose
Their sure fruition) cheere my troupes, and with their liues propose
Mine owne life, both to generall fight, and to particular cope,
With this great souldier: though (I say) I entertaine no hope
To haue such gettings as the Greeks, nor feare to lose like Troy:
Yet thou (euen Hector) deedlesse standst, and car'st not to employ
Thy towne-borne friends; to bid them stand, to fight and saue their wiues:
Lest as a Fowler casts his nets, vpon the silly liues
Of birds of all sorts; so the foe, your walls and houses hales,
(One with another) on all heads: or such as scape their fals,
Be made the prey and prize of them, (as willing ouerthrowne)
That hope not for you, with their force: and so this braue-built towne
Will proue a Chaos: that deserues, in thee so hote a care
As should consume thy dayes and nights, to hearten and prepare
Th'assistant Princes: pray their minds, to beare their far-brought toiles,
To giue them worth, with worthy fight; in victories and foiles
Still to be equall; and thy selfe (exampling them in all)
Need no reproofes nor spurs: all this, in thy free choice should fall.
This stung great Hectors heart: and yet, as euery generous mind
Should silent beare a iust reproofe, and shew what good they find
In worthy counsels, by their ends, put into present deeds:
Not stomacke, nor be vainly sham'd: so Hectors spirit proceeds:
And from his Chariot (wholly arm'd) he iumpt vpon the sand:
On foote, so toiling through the hoast; a dart in either hand,
And all hands turn'd against the Greeks; the Greeks despisde their worst,
And (thickning their instructed powres) expected all they durst.
Then with the feet of horse and foote, the dust in clouds did rise.
And as in sacred floores of barnes, vpon corne-winowers flies
The chaffe, driuen with an opposite wind, when yellow Ceres dites;
Simile [...] the husband man, expressing [...] ­bly.
Which all the Diters feet, legs, armes, their heads and shoulders whites:
So lookt the Grecians gray with dust, that strooke the solide heauen,
Raisd from returning chariots, and troupes together driuen.
Each side stood to their labours firme: fierce Mars flew through the aire,
And gatherd darknesse from the fight: and with his best affaire,
Obeyd the pleasure of the Sunne, that weares the golden sword,
[Page 74]Who bad him raise the spirits of Troy, when Pallas ceast t'afford
Her helping office, to the Greeks; and then his owne hands wrought;
Apollo brings Aeneas from his Temple to field cured.
Which (from his Phanes rich chancell, cur'd) the true Aeneas brought,
And plac't him by his Peeres in field; who did (with ioy) admire,
To see him both aliue and safe, and all his powers entire:
Yet stood not sifting, how it chanc't: another sort of taske,
Then stirring th'idle siue of newes, did all their forces aske:
Inflam'd by Phaebus, harmfull Mars, and Eris, eagrer farre:
The Greekes had none to hearten them; their hearts rose with the warre;
But chiefly Diomed, Ithacus, and both th'Aiaces vsde
Stirring examples, and good words: their owne fames had infusde
Spirit enough into their blouds, to make them neither feare
The Troians force, nor Fate it selfe; but still expecting were
When most was done, what would be more; their ground they stil made good;
And (in their silence, and set powers) like faire still clouds they stood:
With which, Ioue crownes the tops of hils, in any quiet day,
When Boreas and the ruder winds (that vse to driue away
Aires duskie vapors, being loose, in many a whistling gale)
Are pleasingly bound vp and calme, and not a breath exhale;
So firmely stood the Greeks, nor fled, for all the Ilions ayd.
Atrides yet coasts through the troupes, confirming men so stayd:
O friends (said he) hold vp your minds; strength is but strength of will;
Reuerence each others good in fight, and shame at things done ill:
Where souldiers shew an honest shame, and loue of honour liues,
That ranks men with the first in fight; death fewer liueries giues
Then life; or then where Fames neglect, makes cow-herds fight at length:
Flight neither doth the bodie grace, nor shewes the mind hath strength.
He said; and swiftly through the troupes, a mortall Lance did send,
That reft a standard-bearers life, renownd Aeneas friend;
Deicoon Pergasides, whom all the Troians lou'd,
Pergasides slain by Agamemnon.
As he were one of Priams sonnes; his mind was so approu'd
In alwayes fighting with the first: the Lance his target tooke,
Which could not interrupt the blow, that through it cleerly strooke,
And in his bellies rimme was sheath'd, beneath his girdle-stead;
He sounded falling; and his armes, with him resounded, dead.
Then fell two Princes of the Greeks, by great Aeneas ire,
Orsilochus and Crethon slain by Aeneas.
Diocleus sonnes (Orsilochus, and Crethon) whose kind Sire
In brauely-builded Phaera dwelt; rich, and of sacred bloud;
He was descended lineally, from great Alphaus floud,
That broadly flowes through Pylos fields: Alphaeus did beget
The pedigree of Orsilochus.
Orsilochus; who in the rule, of many men was set:
And that Orsilochus begat, the rich Diocleus:
Diocleus sire to Crethon was, and this Orsilochus:
Both these, arriu'd at mans estate, with both th'Atrides went,
To honor them in th'Ilton warres; and both were one way sent;
To death as well as Troy; for death, hid both in one blacke houre.
As two yong Lions (with their dam, sustaind but to deuoure)
Bred on the tops of some steepe hill, and in the gloomie deepe
[Page 75]Of an inaccessible wood, rush out, and prey on sheepe,
Steeres, Oxen; and destroy mens stals, so long that they come short,
And by the Owners steele are slaine: in such vnhappie sort,
Fell these beneath Aeneas powre. When Menelaus view'd
(Like two tall fir-trees) these two fall; their timelesse fals he rew'd;
And to the first fight, where they lay, a vengefull force he tooke;
His armes beat backe the Sunne in flames; a dreadfull Lance he shooke:
Mars put the furie in his mind, that by Aeneas hands,
(Who was to make the slaughter good) he might haue strewd the sands.
Antilochus vo­luntary care of Menelaus, and their charge of Aeneas.
Antilochus (old Nestors sonne) obseruing he was bent
To vrge a combat of such ods; and knowing the euent,
Being ill on his part, all their paines (alone sustaind for him)
Er'd from their end, made after hard, and tooke them in the trim
Of an encounter; both, their hands, and darts aduanc't, and shooke,
And both pitcht, in full stand of charge; when suddenly the looke
Of Anchisiades tooke note, of Nestors valiant sonne,
In full charge too; which two to one, made Venus issue shunne
The hote aduenture, though he were, a souldier well approu'd.
Then drew they off their slaughterd friends; who giuen to their belou'd,
They turnd where fight shewd deadliest hate; and there mixt with the dead
Pylemen, that the targatiers of Paphlagonia led,
A man like Mars; and with him fell, good Mydon that did guide
His chariot; Atymnus sonne. The Prince Pylemen died
Menelaus slayes Pylemen.
By Menelaus; Nestors ioy, slue Mydon; one before,
The other in the chariot: Atrides lance did gore
Pylemens shoulder, in the blade: Antilochus did force
A mightie stone vp from the earth, and (as he turnd his horse)
Antilochus slayes Myden.
Strooke Mydons elbow in the midst: the reines of Iuorie
Fell from his hands into the dust: Antilochus let flie,
His sword withall, and (rushing in) a blow so deadly layd
Vpon his temples, that he gron'd; tumbl'd to earth, and stayd
A mightie while preposterously (because the dust was deepe)
Vpon his necke and shoulders there, euen till his foe tooke keepe
Of his prisde horse, and made them stirre; and then he prostrate fell:
His horse Antilochus tooke home. When Hector had heard tell,
Hectors manner of assault.
(Amongst the vprore) of their deaths, he laid out all his voice,
And ran vpon the Greeks: behind, came many men of choice;
Before him marcht great Mars himselfe, matcht with his femall mate,
The drad Bellona: she brought on (to fight for mutuall Fate)
A tumult that was wilde, and mad: he shooke a horrid Lance,
And, now led Hector, and anon, behind would make the chance.
This sight, when great Tydides saw, his haire stood vp on end:
And him, whom all the skill and powre, of armes did late attend,
Now like a man in counsell poore, that (trauelling) goes amisse,
And (hauing past a boundlesse plaine) not knowing where he is,
Comes on the sodaine, where he sees, a riuer rough, and raues
With his owne billowes rauished, into the king of waues;
Murmurs with fome, and frights him backe: so he, amazd, retirde,
[Page 76]And thus would make good his amaze; O friends, we all admirde
Great Hector, as one of himselfe, well-darting, bold in warre;
When some God guards him still from death, and makes him dare so farre;
Now Mars himselfe (formd like a man), is present in his rage:
And therefore, whatsoeuer cause, importunes you to wage
Warre with these Troians; neuer striue, but gently take your rod;
Lest in your bosomes, for a man, ye euer find a God.
As Greece retirde, the power of Troy, did much more forward prease;
And Hector, two braue men of warre, sent to the fields of peace;
Hector slaugh­ters Menesthes and Anchialus. Aiax slayes Amphius Sela­g [...].
Menesthes, and Anchialus; one chariot bare them both:
Their fals made Aiax Telamon, ruthfull of heart, and wroth;
Who lightned out a lance, that smote, Amphius Selages,
That dwelt in Paedos; rich in lands, and did huge goods possesse:
But Fate, to Priam and his sonnes, conducted his supply:
The Iauelin on his girdle strooke, and pierced mortally
His bellies lower part; he fell; his armes had lookes so trim,
That Aiax needs would proue their spoile; the Troians powrd on him
Whole stormes of Lances, large, and sharpe: of which, a number stucke
In his rough shield; yet from the slaine, he did his Iauelin plucke:
But could not from his shoulders force, the armes he did affect;
The Troians, with such drifts of Darts, the body did protect:
And wisely Telamonius fear'd, their valorous defence;
So many, and so strong of hand, stood in, with such expence,
Of deadly prowesse; who repeld (though big, strong, bold he were)
The famous Aiax; and their friend, did from his rapture beare.
Thus this place, fild with strength of fight, in th'armies other prease,
Tlepolemus, a tall big man, the sonne of Hercules,
A cruell destinie inspir'd, with strong desire to proue
Encounter with Sarpedons strength, the sonne of Cloudy Ioue;
Who, coming on, to that sterne end, had chosen him his foe:
Thus Ioues great Nephew, and his sonne, 'gainst one another go:
Ioues son Sarpe­don, and Tlepo­demus his ne­phew son to Her­cules, draw to encounter. Tlepodemus to Sarpedon.
Tlepolemus (to make his end, more worth the will of Fate)
Began, as if he had her powre; and shewd the mortall state
Of too much confidence in man, with this superfluous Braue;
Sarpedon, what necessitie, or needlesse humor draue
Thy forme, to these warres? which in heart, I know thou doest adhorre;
A man not seene in deeds of armes, a Lycian counsellor;
They lie that call thee sonne to Ioue, since Ioue bred none so late;
The men of elder times were they, that his high powre begat,
Such men, as had Herculean force; my father Hercules
Was Ioues true issue; he was bold; his deeds did well expresse
They sprung out of a Lions heart: he whilome came to Troy,
(For horse that Iupiter gaue Tros, for Ganimed his boy)
With sixe ships onely and few men, and tore the Citie downe,
Left all her broad wayes desolate, and made the horse his owne:
For thee, thy mind is ill disposde, thy bodies powers are poore,
And therefore are thy troopes so weake: the souldier euermore
Followes the temper of his chiefe; and thou pull'st downe a side.
[Page 77]But say, thou art the sonne of Ioue; and hast thy meanes supplide,
With forces fitting his descent: the powers, that I compell,
Shall throw thee hence; and make thy head, run ope the ga [...]es of b [...]ll.
Ioues Lycian issue answerd him, Tlepolemus, tis true;
Sarpedon to [...].
Thy father, holy Ilion, in that sort ouerthrew;
Th'iniustice of the king was cause, that where thy father had
Vsde good deseruings to his state, he quitted him with bad.
Hesyone, the ioy and grace, of king Laomedon,
Thy father rescude from a whale; and gaue to Telamon
In honourd Nuptials; Telamon, from whom your strongest Greeke
Boasts to haue issude; and this grace, might well expect the like:
Yet he gaue taunts for thanks, and kept, against his oath, his horse;
And therefore both thy fathers strength, and iustice might enforce
The wreake he tooke on Troy: but this, and thy cause differ farre;
Sonnes seldome heire their fathers worths; thou canst not make his warre:
What thou assum'st from him, is mine, to be on thee imposde.
With this, he threw an ashen dart; and then Tlepolemus losde
Another from his glorious hand: Both at one instant flew;
Both strooke, both wounded; from his necke, Sarpedons Iauelin drew
Sarpedon slaugh ters [...].
The life-bloud of Tlepolemus; full in the midst it fell:
And what he threatned, th'other gaue; that darknesse, and that hell.
Sarpedons left thigh tooke the Lance; it pierc't the solide bone;
[...]imselfe sore hurt by T [...]epole­mus.
And with his raging head, ranne through; but Ioue preseru'd his sonne.
The dart yet vext him bitterly, which should haue bene puld out;
But none considerd then so much; so thicke came on the rout,
And fild each hand so full of cause, to plie his owne defence;
Twas held enough (both falne) that both, were nobly caried thence.
Vlysses knew the euents of both, and tooke it much to hart,
That his friends enemie should scape; and in a twofold part
His thoughts contended; if he should, pursue Sarpedons life,
Or take his friends wreake on his men. Fate did conclude this strife;
By whom twas otherwise decreed, then that Vlysses steele
Vlysses [...].
Should end Sarpedon. In this doubt, Minerua tooke the wheele
From fickle Chance; and made his mind, resolue to right his friend
With that bloud he could surest draw. Then did Reuenge extend
Her full powre on the multitude; Then did he neuer misse;
Alastor, Halius, Chromius, Noemon, Pritanis,
Alcander, and a number more, he slue, and more had slaine,
If Hector had not vnderstood; whose powre made in amaine,
And strooke feare through the Grecian troupes; but to Sarpedon gaue
Hope of full rescue; who thus cried, O Hector! helpe and saue
Sarpedon to Hector.
My body from the spoile of Greece; that to your loued towne,
My friends may see me borne; and then, let earth possesse her owne,
In this soyle, for whose sake I left, my countries; for no day
Shall euer shew me that againe; nor to my wife display
(And yong hope of my Name) the ioy, of my much thirsted sight:
All which, I left for Troy; for them, let Troy then do this right.
To all this Hector giues no word: but greedily he striues,
[Page 68]With all speed to repell the Greekes, and shed in floods their liues,
And left Sarpedon: but what face, soeuer he put on
Of following the common cause; he left this Prince alone
For his particular grudge; because, so late, he was so plaine
In his reproofe before the host, and that did he retaine;
How euer, for example sake, he would not shew it then;
And for his shame to, since twas iust. But good Sarpedons men
Venturd themselues, and forc't him off, and set him vnderneath
The goodly Beech of Iupiter, where now they did vnsheath
The Ashen lance: strong Pelagon, his friend, most lou'd, most true,
Enforc't it from his maimed thigh: with which his spirit flew,
Sarpedon in a trance.
And darknesse ouer-flew his eyes, yet with a gentle gale
That round about the dying Prince, coole Boreas did exhale,
He was reuiu'd, recomforted; that else had grieu'd and dyed.
All this time, flight draue to the fleet, the Argiues, who applyed
No weapon gainst the proud pursuite, nor euer turnd a head;
They knew so well that Mars pursude, and dreadfull Hector led.
Then who was first, who last, whose liues, the Iron Mars did seise,
And Priams Hector? Helenus, surnam'd Oenopides,
Good [...], and Orestes, skild, in managing of horse;
Bold Oenomaus, and a man, renownd for martiall force,
Trechus, the great Aetolian Chiefe; Oresbius, that did weare
The gawdy Myter; studied wealth, extremely, and dwelt neare
Th' Athlantique lake Cephisides, in Hyla; by whose seate,
The good men of Boeotia dwelt. This slaughter grew so great,
It flew to heauen: Saturnia, discernd it, and cried out
To Pallas; O vnworthy sight? to see a field so fought,
And breake our words to Spartas king, that Ilion should be rac' [...],
And he returne reueng'd? when thus, we see his Greekes disgrac't
And beare the harmfull rage of Mars? Come, let vs vse our care
That we dishonor not our powers. Minerua was as yare
As she, at the despight of Troy. Her golden-bridl'd steeds,
Then Saturns daughter brought abrode; and Hebe, she proceeds
T'addresse her chariot; instantly, she giues it either wheele,
Beam'd with eight Spokes of sounding brasse, the Axle-tree was steele;
[...] chariot.
The Felffes, incorruptible gold; their vpper bands, of brasse;
Their matter most vnuallued; their worke of wondrous grace.
The Naues in which the Spokes were driuen, were all with siluer bound;
The chariots seate, two hoopes of gold, and siluer, strengthned round;
Edg'd with a gold and siluer fringe; the beame that lookt before,
Was massie siluer; on whose top, geres all of gold it wore,
And golden Poitrils. I [...]no mounts, and her ho [...]e horses rein'd,
That thirsted for contention, and still of peace complaind.
Minerua wrapt her in the robe, that curiously she woue
With glorious colours, as she sate, on th'Azure floore of Ioue;
Pallas armed.
And wore the armes that he puts on, bent to the tearefull field:
About her brode-spred shoulders hung, his huge and horrid shield,
Aegis (Io [...]es [...]ield) described
Fring'd round with euer-fighting Snakes; through it, was drawne to life
[Page 69]The miseries, and deaths of fight; in it frownd bloodie Strife;
In it shin'd sacred Fortitude; in it fell Pursuit flew;
In it the monster Gorgons head, in which (held out to view)
Were all the dire ostents of Ioue; on her big head she plac't
His foure-plum'd glittering caske of gold, so admirably vast,
It would a hundred garrisons, of souldiers comprehend.
Then to her shining chariot, her vigorous feet ascend:
And in her violent hand she takes, his graue, huge, solid lance,
With which the conquests of her wrath, she vseth to aduance,
And ouerturne whole fields of men; to shew she was the seed
Of him that thunders. Then heauens Queene (to vrge her horses speed)
The thr [...]e How [...]s Guardians of heauen gates.
Takes vp the scourge, and forth they flie; the ample gates of heauen
Rung, and flew open of themselues; the charge whereof is giuen
(With all Olympus, and the skie) to the distinguisht Howres,
That cleare, or hide it all in clowds; or powre it downe in showres.
This way their scourge-obeying horse, made haste, and soone they wonne
The top of all the topfull heauens, where aged Saturns sonne
Sate seuerd from the other Gods; then staid the white-arm'd Queene
Her steeds; and askt of Ioue, if Mars, did not incense his spleene
With his foule deeds; in ruining, so many, and so great
In the Command and grace of Greece, and in so rude a heate.
At which (she said) Apollo laught, and Venus; who still sue
To that mad God for violence, that neuer iustice knew;
For whose impietie she askt, if with his wished loue
Her selfe might free the field of him? He bade her rather moue
Athenia to the charge she sought, who vsd of old to be
The bane of Mars; and had as well, the gift of spoile as he.
This grace she slackt not, but her horse, scourg'd, that in nature flew
Betwixt the cope of starres and earth: And how farre at a view
A man into the purple Sea, may from a hill descrie:
How farre [...] heauenly [...] took at one reach or stroke in gal­loping or run­ning; wherein Homers [...]ind is farre from being exprest in his In­ter pretors, al ta­king it for how far Deities were borne from the earth: when in­stātly they came downe to earth: [...], &c. tantum vno saltu confi­ciunt, vel, tantū sub [...]ulum pro­grediuntur de­orum altizoni e qui, &c. vno, be ing vnderstood, and the horses swiftnes highly exprest. The sence otherwise is senslesse, and contradictorie.
So farre a high-neighing horse of heauen, at euerie iumpe would flie.
Arriu'd at Troy, where broke in cutls, the two-floods mixe their force,
(Scamander, and bright Simois) Saturnia staid her horse;
Tooke them from chariot; and a clowd, of mightie depth diffusd
About them; and the verdant bankes, of Symois produc'd
(In nature) what they
[...] ilus is the originall word, which Sea [...] [...], [...] learnedly, asking how the horse came by it on those bankes, when the text tels him [...] produced it: be­ing willing to expresse by [...] the [...] of that [...]. If not, I hope the D [...]ities [...] euer com­mand it.
eate in heauen. Then both the Goddesses
Marcht like a paire of timorous Doues, in hasting their accesse,
To th' Argiue succour. Being arriu'd, where both the most, and best
Were heapt together, (shewing all, like Lyons at a feast
Of new slaine carkasses; or Bores, beyond encounter strong.)
There found they Diomed; and there, midst all th'admiring throng,
Saturnia put on Stentors shape; that had a brazen voice,
And spake as lowd as fiftie men; like whom she made a noise,
And chid the Argiues; O ye Greekes, in name, and outward rite,
But Princes onely; not in act: what scandall? what despight
Vse ye to honor? all the time, the great Aeacides
Was conuersant in armes; your foes, durst not a foote addr [...]sse
Without their ports; so much they feard, his lance that all controld;
[Page 80]And now they out-ray to your fleete. This did with shame make bold
The generall spirit and powre of Greece; when (with particular note
Of their disgrace) Athenia, made Tydeus issue hote.
She found him at his chariot, refreshing of his wound
Inflicted by slaine Pandarus; his sweat did so abound,
It much annoid him, vnderneath, the brode belt of his shield;
With which, and tired with his toile, his soule could hardly yeeld
His bodie motion. With his hand, he lifted vp the belt,
And wip't away that clotterd blood, the feruent wound did melt.
Minerua leand against his horse, and neare their withers laid
Her sacred hand; then spake to him; Beleeue me Diomed,
[...] to Di [...] ­med.
Tydeus exampl'd not himselfe, in thee his sonne; not Great,
But yet he was a souldier; a man of so much heate,
That in his Ambassie for Thebes, when I forbad his mind
To be too ventrous; and when Feasts, his heart might haue declind
(With which they welcom'd him) he made, a challenge to the best,
And foild the best; I gaue him aide, because the rust of rest
(That would haue seisd another mind) he sufferd not; but vsd
The triall I made like a man; and their soft feasts refusd:
Yet when I set thee on, thou faint'st; I guard thee, charge, exhort,
That (I abetting thee) thou shouldst, be to the Greekes a Fort,
And a dismay to Ilion; yet thou obey'st in nought:
Affraid, or slouthfull, or else both: henceforth, renounce all thought
Diomed to Pal­ [...].
That euer thou wert Tydeus sonne. He answerd her; I know
Thou art Ioues daughter, and for that, in all iust dutie owe
Thy speeches reuerence: yet affirme, ingenuously, that feare
Doth neither hold me spiritlesse, nor sloth. I onely beare
Thy charge in zealous memorie, that I should neuer warre
With any blessed Deitie, vnlesse (exceeding farre
The limits of her rule) the Queene, that gouerns Chamber sport
Should preasse to field; and her, thy will, enioynd my lance to hurt:
But he whose powre hath right in armes, I knew in person here
(Besides the Cyprian Deitie) and therefore did forbeare;
And here haue gatherd in retreit, these other Greekes you see
With note and reuerence of your charge. My dearest mind (said she)
[...] againe.
What then was fit is chang'd: Tis true, Mars hath iust rule in warre,
But iust warre; otherwise he raues, not fights; he's alterd farre;
What [...] w [...]rre is.
He vow'd to Iuno and my selfe, that his aide should be vsd
Against the Troians, whom it guards; and therein he abusd
His rule in armes, infring'd his word, and made his warre vniust:
He is inconstant, impious, mad: Resolue then; firmly trust
My aide of thee against his worst, or any Deitie:
Adde scourge to thy free horse, charge home: he fights perfidiously.
This said; as that braue king, her knight, with his horse-guiding friend,
Were set before the chariot, (for signe he should descend,
That she might serue for wagonnesse) she pluckt the waggoner backe,
And vp into his seate she mounts: the Beechen tree did cracke
Beneath the burthen; and good cause, it bore so huge a thing:
[Page 81]A Goddesse so repleate with powre, and such a puissant king.
She snatcht the scourge vp and the reines, and shut her heauenly looke
In hels vast helme, from Mars his eyes: and full careere she tooke
At him, who then had newly slaine, the mightie Periphas,
Renown'd sonne to Ochesius; and farre the strongest was
Of all th'Aetolians; to whose spoile, the bloodie God was run:
But when this man-plague saw th'approch, of God-like Tydeus sonne;
He let his mightie Periphas lie, and in full charge he ran
The comb [...] of Mars and [...].
At Diomed; and he at him; both neare; the God began,
And (thirstie of his blood) he throwes, abrazen lance, that beares
Full on the breast of Diomed, aboue the reines and geres;
But Pallas tooke it on her hand, and strooke the eager lance
Beneath the chariot: then the knight, of Pallas doth aduance,
And cast a Iaueline off, at Mars; Minerua sent it on;
Mars [...] by [...].
That (where his arming girdle girt) his bellie graz'd vpon,
Iust at the rim, and rancht the flesh: the lance againe he got,
But left the wound; that stung him so, he laid out such a throat,
As if nine or ten thousand men, had bray'd out all their breaths
In one confusion; hauing felt, as many sodaine deaths.
The rore made both the hosts amaz'd. Vp flew the God to heauen;
And with him, was through all the aire, as blacke a tincture driuen
(To Diomeds eyes) as when the earth, halfe chok't with smoking heate
Of gloomie clouds, that stifle men; and pitchie tempests threat,
Vsherd with horrid gusts of wind: with such blacke vapors plum'd,
Mars flew t'Olympus, and brode heauen; and there his place resum'd.
[...] [...] [...] [...].
Sadly he went and sate by Ioue, shew'd his immortall blood,
That from a mortall-man-made-wound, powrd such an impious flood;
And (weeping) powr'd out these complaints: O Father, stormst thou not
Mars to Iupite [...].
To see vs take these wrongs from men? extreme griefes we haue got
Euen by our owne deepe counsels held, for gratifying them;
And thou (our Councels President) conclud'st in this extreme
Of fighting euer; being ruld, by one that thou hast bred;
One neuer well, but doing ill; a girle so full of head,
That, though all other Gods obey, her mad moods must command
By thy indulgence; nor by word, nor any touch of hand
Correcting her; thy reason is, she is a sparke of thee,
And therefore she may kindle rage, in men, gainst Gods; and she
May make men hurt Gods; and those Gods, that are (besides) thy seed.
First in the palms height Cyprides; then runs the impious deed
On my hurt person: and could life, giue way to death in me;
Or had my feete not fetcht me off; heaps of mortalitie
Had kept me consort. Iupiter, with a contracted brow,
Thus answerd Mars: Thou many minds, inconstant changling thou;
Iupiter to Mars
Sit not complaining thus by me; whom most of all the Gods
(Inhabiting the starrie hill) I hate: no periods
Being set to thy contentions, brawles, fights, and pitching fields;
Iust of thy mother Iunos moods; stiffe-neckt, and neuer yeelds,
Though I correct her still, and chide; nor can forbeare offence,
[Page 82]Though to her sonne; this wound I know, tasts of her insolence;
But I will proue more naturall, thou shalt be cur'd, because
Thou com'st of me: but hadst thou bene, so crosse to sacred lawes,
Being borne to any other God; thou hadst bene throwne from heauen
Long since, as low as Tartarus, beneath the Giants driuen.
This said, he gaue his wound in charge, to P [...]on, who applied
Such soueraigne medicines, that as soone, the paine was qualified,
And he recur'd; as nourishing milke, when runnet is put in,
Runs all in heapes of tough thicke curd, though in his nature thin:
Euen so soone, his wounds parted sides, ran close in his recure;
For he (all deathlesse) could not long, the parts of death endure.
Then Hebe bath'd, and put on him, fresh garments, and he sate
Hebe attires Mars.
Exulting by his Sire againe, in top of all his state;
So (hauing from the spoiles of men, made his desir'd remoue)
Iuno and Pallas reascend, the starrie Court of Ioue.
The end of the fifth Booke.


THe Gods now leauing an indifferent field,
The Greekes preuaile, the slaughterd Troi [...]ns yeeld;
Hector (by Hellenus aduice) retires
In haste to Troy; and Hecuba, desires
To pray Minerua, to remoue from fight
The so [...]ne of Tydeus, her affected knight;
And vow to her (for fauour of such price)
Twelue Oxen should be S [...]aine in sacrifice.
In meane space, Glaucus and Tydides [...];
And either other, with remembrance greet
Of old loue twixt their fathers; which enclines
Their hearts to fri [...]ndship; who change armes for signes
Of a continu'd loue for eithers life.
Hector, in his returne, meets with his wife;
And taking, in his armed armes, his sonne,
He prophecies the fall of Ilion.
Another Argument.
In Zeta, Hector Prophecies;
Prayes for his sonne: wils sacrifice.
THe stern fight freed of al the Gods; conquest, with doubtful wings
Flew on their lances; euerie way, the restlesse field she flings,
Betwixt the floods of Symois, and Xanthus, that confin'd
All their affaires at Ilion, and round about them shin'd.
The first that weigh'd downe all the field, of one particular side,
Was Aiax, sonne of Telamon: who like a bulwarke plide
The Greekes protection, and of Troy, the knottie orders brake:
Held out a light to all the rest, and shew'd them how to make
Way to their conquest: he did wound, the strongest man of Thrace,
The tallest, and the biggest set, (Eussorian Acamas:)
His lance fell on his caskes plum'd top, in stooping; the fell head
Draue through his forehead to his iawes; his eyes Night shadowed.
Tydides slue Teuthranides, Axilus, that did dwell
In faire Arisbas well-built towres, he had of wealth a Well,
Tydides, [...] Diomed (being son to Tyd [...].)
And yet was kind and bountifull: he would a traueller pray
To be his guest; his friendly house, stood in the brode high way;
In which, he all sorts nobly vsd: yet none of them would stand,
Twixt him and death; but both himselfe, and he that had command
Of his faire horse, Calisius, fell liuelesse on the ground.
Euryalus; Opheltius, and Dresus dead did wound;
[Page 84]Nor ended there his fierie course, which he againe begins,
And ran to it succesfully, vpon a paire of twins,
Aesepus, and bold Pedasus, whom good Bucolion,
(That first cald father, though base borne, renowm'd Laomedon)
On Nais Abarbaraea got; a Nymph that (as she fed
Her curled flocks) Bucolion woo'd, and mixt in loue and bed.
Both these were spoild of armes, and life, by Mecistiades.
Then Polypaetes, for sterne death, Astialus did seise:
Vlysses slue Percosius: Teucer, Aretaon:
Antilochus (old Nestors ioy) Ablerus: the great sonne
Of Atreus, and king of men, Elatus; whose abode
He held at vpper Pedasus, where Satnius riuer flow'd.
The great Heroe Leitus, staid Philacus in flight,
From further life: Eurypilus, Melanthius reft of light.
The brother to the king of men, Adrestus tooke aliue;
Whose horse, (affrighted with the flight) their driuer now did driue,
Amongst the low-growne Tam [...]cke trees; and at an arme of one
The chariot in the draught-tree brake; the horse brake loose, and ron
The same way other flyers fled; contending all to towne:
Himselfe close at the chariot wheele, vpon his face was throwne,
And there lay flat, roll'd vp in dust: Atrides inwards draue;
And (holding at his breast his lance) Adrestus sought to saue
His head, by losing of his feet, and trusting to his knees:
On which, the same parts of the king, he hugs, and offers fees
Of worthie value for his life; and thus pleades their receipt:
Take me aliue, O Atreus sonne, and take a worthie weight
Of brasse, elaborate iron, and gold: a heape of precious things
This Virgils i­mita [...]es.
Are in my fathers riches hid; which (when your seruant brings
Newes of my safetie to his eares) he largely will diuide
With your rare bounties: Atreus sonne, thought this the better side,
And meant to take it; being about, to send him safe to fleete:
Which when (farre off) his brother saw, he wing'd his royall feet,
And came in threatning, crying out; O soft heart? whats the cause
Agamemno [...] to Men [...]laus.
Thou spar'st these men thus? haue not they, obseru'd these gentle lawes
Of mild humanitie to thee, with mightie argument,
Why thou shouldst deale thus? In thy house? and with all president
Of honord guest rites entertaind? not one of them shall flie
A bitter end for it, from heauen; and much lesse (dotingly)
Scape our reuengefull fingers; all, euen th'infant in the wombe
Shall tast of what they merited, and haue no other tombe,
Then razed Ilion; nor their race, haue more fruite, then the dust.
This iust cause turnd his brothers mind, who violently thrust
The prisoner from him; in whose guts, the king of men imprest
His ashen lance; which (pitching downe, his foote vpon the brest,
Of him that vpwards fell) he drew; then Nestor spake to all:
O friends and household men of Mars, let not your pursuit fall
Kestor to the Greekes.
With those ye fell, for present spoile; nor (like the king of men)
Let any scape vnfeld: but on, dispatch them all; and then
[Page 85]Ye shall haue time enough to spoile. This made so strong their chace,
That all the Troians had bene housd, and neuer turnd a face,
Had not the Priamist Helenus (an Augure most of name)
Hellenus to He­ctor and Aeneas
Will'd Hector, and Aeneas thus: Hector? Anchises fame?
Since on your shoulders, with good cause, the weightie burthen lies
Of Troy and Lycia, (being both, of noblest faculties,
For counsell, strength of hand, and apt, to take chance at her best,
In euery turne she makes) stand fast, and suffer not the rest
(By any way searcht out for scape) to come within the ports:
Lest (fled into their wiues kind armes) they there be made the sports
Of the pursuing enemie: exhort and force your bands
To turne their faces: and while we, employ our ventur'd hands
(Though in a hard condition) to make the other stay:
Hector, go thou to Ilion, and our Queene mother pray,
To take the richest robe she hath; the same that's chiefly deare
To her Court fancie: with which Iemme, (assembling more to her,
Of Troys chiefe Matrones) let all go, (for feare of all our fates)
To Pallas temple: take the key, vnlocke the leauie gates;
Enter, and reach the highest towre, where her Palladium stands,
And on it put the precious veile, with pure, and reuerend hands:
And vow to her (besides the gift) a sacrificing stroke
Of twelue fat Heifers of a yeare, that neuer felt the yoke:
(Most answering to her maiden state) if she will pittie vs;
Our towne, our wiues, our yongest ioyes: and (him that plagues them thus)
Take from the conflict; Diomed, that Furie in a fight;
That true sonne of great Tydeus; that cunning Lord of Flight:
Whom I esteeme the strongest Greeke: for we haue neuer fled
Achilles (that is Prince of men, and whom a Goddesse bred)
Like him; his furie flies so high, and all mens wraths commands.
Hector intends his brothers will; but first through all his bands,
He made quicke way, encouraging, and all (to feare) affraide:
All turnd their heads and made Greece turne. Slaughter stood still dismaid,
On their parts; for they thought some God, falne from the vault of starres,
Was rusht into the Ilions aide, they made such dreadfull warres.
Thus Hector, toyling in the waues, and thrusting backe the flood
Hector to the Troians.
Of his ebb'd forces: thus takes leaue: So, so, now runs your blood
In his right current; Forwards now, Troians? and farre cald friends?
Awhile hold out, till for successe, to this your braue amends,
I haste to Ilion, and procure, our Counsellours, and wiues
To pray, and offer Hecatombs, for their states in our liues.
Then faire-helm'd Hector turnd to Troy, and (as he trode the field)
How Hector left the field.
The blacke Buls hide, that at his backe, he wore about his shield,
(In the extreme circumference) was with his gate so rockt,
That (being large) it (both at once) his necke and ankles knockt.
And now betwixt the hosts were met, Hippolochus braue sonne
The encounter of Diomed and Glaucus.
Glaucus, who (in his verie looke) hope of some wonder wonne:
And little Tydeus mightie heire: who seeing such a man
Offer the field; (for vsuall blowes) with wondrous words began.
[Page 86]What art thou (strongst of mortall men) that putst so farre before?
Diomed to Glauc [...].
Whom these fights neuer shew'd mine eyes? they haue bene euermore
Sonnes of vnhappie parents borne, that came within the length
Of this Minerua-guided lance, and durst close with the strength
That she inspires in me. If heauen, be thy diuine abode,
And thou a Deitie; thus inform'd, no more, with any God
Will I change lances: the strong sonne, of Drias did not liue
Long after such a conflict dar'd, who godlesly did driue
Nisaeus Nurses through the hill, made sacred to his name,
And cald Niss [...]ius: with a goade, he puncht each furious dame,
And made them euery one cast downe, their greene and leauie speares.
This, t'homicide Lycurgus did; and those vngodly feares,
He put the Froes in, seisd their God. Euen Bacchus he did driue
From his Nisseius; who was faine (with huge exclaimes) to diue
Into the Ocean: Thetis there, in her bright bosome tooke
The flying Deitie; who so feard, Lycurgus threats, he shooke:
For which, the freely-liuing Gods, so highly were incenst,
That Saturns great sonne strooke him blind, and with his life dispenc't
But small time after: all because, th'immortals lou'd him not:
Nor lou'd him, since he striu'd with them: and his end hath begot
Feare in my powres to fight with heauen: but if the fruits of earth
Nourish thy bodie, and thy life, be of our humane birth,
Come neare, that thou maist soone arriue, on that life-bounding shore,
To which I see thee hoise such saile. Why dost thou so explore,
Glaucu [...] his wor thie answer to Diomed: and his [...]edegree drawne euen from Sy­sip [...]us.
(Said Glaucus) of what race I am? when like the race of leaues
The race of man is, that deserues, no question; nor receiues
My being any other breath: The wind in Autumne strowes
The earth with old leaues; then the Spring, the woods with new endowes:
And so death scatters men on earth: so life puts out againe
Mans leauie issue: but my race, if (like the course of men)
Thou seekst in more particular termes: tis this; (to many knowne)
In midst of Argos, nurse of horse, there stands a walled towne
Ephyré, where the Mansion house, of Sysiphus did stand;
The historie of Bellerophon.
Of Sysiphus Aeolides, most wise of all the land:
Glaucus was sonne to him, and he, begat Bellerophon,
Whose bodie heauen endued with strength, and put a beautie on,
Exceeding louely: Pr [...]tus yet, his cause of loue did hate,
And banisht him the towne: he might; he ruld the Argiue state:
The vertue of the one, Iou [...] plac't, beneath the others powre.
His exile grew, since he denied, to be the Paramour
Of faire Ant [...]ta, Pr [...]tus wife; who felt a raging fire
Of secret loue to him: but he, whom wisedome did inspire
As well as prudence (one of them, aduising him to shunne
The danger of a Princesse loue: the other, not to runne
Within the danger of the Gods: the act being simply ill)
Still entertaining thoughts diuine, subdu'd the earthly still.
She (rul'd by neither of his wits) preferd her lust to both;
And (false to Pr [...]tus) would seeme true, with this abhorr'd vntroth;
[Page 87] Praetus? or die thy selfe (said she) or let Bellerophon die;
Bellereph [...]ntis literae [...]. Ad. Eras. [...]hu long speech many Critickes tax [...] [...] vntim [...] ­ly, being (as they take [...]) in the hea [...] of fight. Hier Vidas (a late obseruer) be ing [...] eagrest a­gainst Homer, whose ignorance in this, I cannot but note, and proue to you: for (besides the au­thority & office of a Poet, to vary and quicken hi [...] Poem with these episods, somtimes beyond the lea­sure of their actions) the Critick notes not how far his fore­runner preue [...]ts his worst as far: and sets downe his spe [...]ch, at the sodain & strāge turning of the Troian field, set on a litle before by Hector: and that so fiercely, it made an admi ring stand amōg the Grecians, & therein gaue fit time for these great captaines to vtter their admirations: the whole field in that part be­ing to stand like their Comman­ders. And then how full of deco­rum this gallant shew and speech was to sound vn­derstandings, I leaue onely to such, and let our Criticks go c [...]uill.
He vrg'd dishonour to thy bed: which since I did denie,
He thought his violence should grant, and sought thy shame by force,
The king, incenst with her report, resolu'd vpon her course;
But doubted, how it should be runne: he shund his death direct;
(Holding a way so neare, not safe) and plotted the effect,
By sending him with letters seald (that, opened, touch his life)
To Rheuns king of Lycia, and father to his wife.
He went, and happily he went: the Gods walkt all his way.
And being arriu'd in Lycia, where Xanthus doth display
The siluer ensignes of his waues: the king of that brode land
Receiu'd him, with a wondrous free, and honourable hand.
Nine daies he feasted him, and kild, an Oxe in euery day,
In thankfull sacrifice to heauen, for his faire guest; whose stay,
With rosie fingers, brought the world, the tenth wel-welcomd morne:
And then the king did moue to see, the letters he had borne
From his lou'd sonne in law; which seene, he wrought thus their conten's.
Chym [...]ra the inuincible, he sent him to conuince:
Sprung from no man, but meere diuine; a Lyons shape before,
Behind, a dragons, in the midst, a Gotes shagg'd forme she bore;
And flames of deadly feruencie, flew from her breath and eyes:
Yet her he slue, his confidence, in sacred prodigies
Renderd him victor. Then he gaue, his second conquest way,
Ag [...]inst the famous Solymi, when (he himselfe would say
Reporting it) he enterd on, a passing vigorous fight.
His third huge labour he approu'd, against a womans spight
That fild a field of Amazons: be ouercame them all.
Then set they on him slie Deceipt, when Force had such a fall;
An ambush of the strongest men, that spacious Lycia bred,
Was lodg'd for him; whom he lodg'd sure: they neuer raisd a head.
His deeds thus shewing him deriu'd, from some Celestiall race,
The king detaind, and made amends, with doing him the grace
Of his faire daughters Princely gift; and with her (for a dowre)
Gaue halfe his kingdome; and to this, the Lycians on did powre
More then was giuen to any king: a goodly planted field,
In some parts, thicke of groues, and woods: the rest, rich crops did yeeld.
This field, the Lycians futurely (of future wandrings there
And other errors of their Prince, in the vnhappie Rere
Of his sad life) the Err [...]nt cald: the Princesse brought him forth
Three children (whose ends grieu'd him more, the more they were of worth)
Isander, and Hippolochus, and faire Laodomy:
With whom, euen Iupiter himselfe, left heauen it selfe, to lie;
And had by her the man at armes, Sarpedon, cald diuine.
The Gods th [...]n left him (lest a man should in their glories shine)
S [...]rpedons birth
And set against him, for his sonne, Isandrus, (in a strife,
Against the valiant Solymi) Mars reft of light and life,
Laodamia (being enuied, of all the Goddesses)
The golden-bridle-handling Queene, the maiden Patronesse,
[Page 88]Slue with an arrow: and for this, he wandred euermore
Alone through his Aleian field; and fed vpon the core
Of his sad bosome: flying all, the loth'd consorts of men.
Yet had he one suruiu'd to him, of those three childeren;
Hippolochus, the root of me: who sent me here, with charge,
That I should alwaies beare me well, and my deserts enlarge
Beyond the vulgar: lest I sham'd, my race, that farre exceld
All that Ephyras famous towres, or ample Lycia held.
This is my stocke, and this am I. This cheard Tydides heart,
Who pitcht his speare downe; leand, and talkt, in this affectionate part.
Certesse (in thy great Ancetor, and in mine owne) thou art
Diomed [...] answer to [...].
A guest of mine, right ancient; king Oeneus twentie daies
Detaind, with feasts, Bellerophon, whom all the world did praise:
Betwixt whom, mutuall gifts were giuen: my Grandsi [...]e gaue to thine,
A girdle of Phoenician worke, impurpl'd wondrous fine:
Thine gaue a two-neckt Iugge of gold, which though I vse not here,
Yet still it is my gemme at home. But if our fathers were
Familiar; or each other knew, I know not: since my sire
Left me a child, at siege of Thebes: where he left his lifes fire.
But let vs proue our Grandsires sonnes, and be each others guests:
To Lycia when I come, do thou, receiue thy friend with feasts:
Peloponnesus, with the like, shall thy wisht presence greet;
Meane space, shun we each other here, though in the preasse we meet:
There are enow of Troy beside, and men enough renownd,
To right my powres, whom euer heauen, sh [...]ll let my lance confound:
So are there of the Greeks for thee: kill who thou canst: and now
For signe of amitie twixt vs, and that all these may know
We glorie in th'hospitious rites, our Grandsires did commend,
Change we our armes before them all. From horse then Both descend,
Ioyne hands, giue faith, and take; and then, did Iupiter
[...]. [...]entem [...]demit Iup. the text hath it: whic [...] [...]nely I alter of all [...]o mers originall, since Plutarch against the Sto­icks, excuses this supposed f [...]lly in Gl [...]ucus. Spond. likewise enc [...]u­vaging my alte­rations, which I vse for the lou [...]d and simple No­bility of the free exchange in Glaucus, con­trarie to o­thers that for the supposed f [...]l­ly in Gl [...]us, turnd his change into a Pro [...]erb. [...], goldē o [...] [...]. Pri [...] Court.
The mind of Glaucus: who to shew, his reuerence to the state
Of vertue in his grandsires heart, and gratulate beside
The offer of so great a friend: exchang'd (in that good pride)
Curets of gold for those of brasse, that did on Diomed shine:
One of a hundred Oxens price, the other but of nine.
By this, had Hector reacht the ports, of Scaea, and the tow'rs:
About him flockt the wiues of Troy, the children, paramours,
Enquiring how their husbands did, their fathers, brothers, loues.
He stood not then to answer them, but said; It now behoues
Ye should go all [...]'implore the aide, of heauen, in a distresse
Of great effect, and imminent. Then hasted he accesse,
To Priams goodly builded Court; which round about was runne
With walking porches, galleries, to keepe off raine and Sunne;
Within, of one side, on a rew, of sundrie colourd stones,
Fiftie faire lodgings were built out, for Priams fiftie sonnes:
And for as faire sort of their wiues; and in the opposite view
Twelue lodgings of like stone, like height, were likewise built arew;
Where, with their faire and vertuous wiues, twelue Princes, sons in law,
[Page 89]To honourable Priam, lay: And here met Hecub [...]
(The louing mother) her great sonne, and with her, needs must be
The fairest of her femall race, the bright Laodice.
[...] to Hector.
The Queene grip't hard her Hectors hand, and said; O worthiest sonne,
Why leau'st thou field? is't not because, the cursed nation
Afflict our countrimen and friends? they are their mones that moue
Thy mind to come and lift thy hands (in his high towre) to Ioue:
But stay a little, that my selfe, may fetch our sweetest wine,
To offer first to Iupiter: then that these ioynts of thine
May be refresht: for (wo is me) how thou art toyld and spent!
Thou for our cities generall state: thou, for our friends farre sent,
Must now the preasse of fight endure: now solitude to call
Vpon the name of Iupiter: thou onely for vs all.
But wine will something comfort thee: for to a man dismaid,
With carefull spirits; or too much, with labour ouerlaid,
Wine brings much rescue, strengthning much, the bodie and the mind.
The great Helme-mouer thus receiu'd, the authresse of his kind;
Hector to [...].
My royall mother, bring no wine, lest rather it impaire,
Then helpe my strength; and make my mind, forgetfull of th'affaire
Committed to it. And (to poure, it out in sacrifice)
I feare, with vnwasht hands to serue, the pure-liu'd Deities;
Nor is it lawfull, thus imbrew'd, with blood, and dust; to proue
The will of heauen: or offer vowes, to clowd-compelling Ioue.
I onely come to vse your paines (assembling other Dames,
Matrons, and women honourd most, with high and vertuous names)
With wine and odors; and a robe, most ample, most of price;
And which is dearest in your loue, to offer sacrifice,
In Pallas temple: and to put, the precious robe ye beare,
On her Palladium; vowing all, twelue Oxen of a yeare,
Whose necks were neuer wrung with yoke; shall pay her Grace their liues,
If she will pittie our sieg'd towne; pittie our selues, our wiues;
Pittie our children; and remoue, from sacred Ilion,
The dreadfull souldier Diomed; and when your selues are gone
About this worke, my selfe will go, to call into the field,
(If he will heare me) Hellens loue; whom would the earth would yeeld,
And headlong take into her gulfe, euen quicke before mine eye [...]
For then my heart, I hope, would cast, her lode of miseries;
Borne for the plague he hath bene borne, and bred to the deface
(By great Olympius) of Troy, our Sire, and all our race.
This said, g [...]aue Hecuba went home, and sent her maids abou [...],
To bid the Matrones: she her selfe, descended, and searcht out
(Within a place that breath'd perfumes) the richest robe she had:
Which lay with many rich ones more, most curiously made,
By women of Sydonia; which Paris brought from thence,
Sailing the brode Sea, when he made, that voyage of offence,
In which he brought home Hellena. That robe, transferd so farre,
(That was the vndermost) she tooke; it glitterd like a starre;
And with it, went she to the Fane, with many Ladies more:
[Page 90]Amongst whom, faire cheekt Thean [...], vnlockt the folded dore;
Chaste Theano, Antenors wife, and of Cisseus race,
Sister to Hecuba, both borne, to that great king of Thrace.
Her, th▪Ilions made Mineruas Priest; and her they followed all,
Vp to the Temples highest towre; where, on their knees they fall▪
Lift vp their hands, and fill the Fane, with Ladies pitious cries.
Then louely Theano tooke the veile, and with it she implies
Theano Miner­uas Priest, and Antenors wife, prayes to Palla [...]
The great Palladium, praying thus; Goddesse of most renowne?
In all the heauen of Goddesses? great guardian of our towne?
Reuerend Miner [...]a? breake the lance, of Diomed; ceasse his grace;
Giue him to fall in shamefull flight, headlong, and on his face,
Before our ports of Ilion; that instantly we may,
Twelue vnyok't Oxen of a yeare, in this thy Temple slay
To thy sole honor; take their bloods, and banish our offence;
Accept Troyes zeale; her wiues, and saue, our infants innocence.
She praid, but Pallas would not grant. Meane space was Hector come
Where Alexanders lodgings were; that many a goodly roome
Had, built in them by Architects, of Troys most curious sort;
And were no lodgings, but a house; nor no house, but a Court;
Or had all these containd in them; and all within a towre,
Next Hectors lodgings and the kings. The lou'd of heauens chiefe powre,
(Hector) here entred. In his hand, a goodly lance he bore,
Ten cubits long; the brasen head, went shining in before;
Helpt with a burnisht ring of gold; he found his brother then
Amongst the women; yet prepar'd, to go amongst the men.
For in their chamber he was set, trimming his armes, his shield,
His curets, and was trying how, his crooked bow would yeeld
To his streight armes; amongst her maids, was set the Argiue Queene,
Commanding them in choisest workes. When Hectors eye had seene
His brother thus accompanied; and that he could not beare
The verie touching of his armes, but where the women were;
And when the time so needed men: right cunningly he chid,
That he might do it bitterly; his cowardise he hid
(That simply made him so retir'd) beneath an anger faind,
In him, by Hector; for the hate, the citizens sustaind
Hector dissem­bles the cowar­dise he finds in Par [...], t [...]rning it, as if he chid him for his an­ger at the Tro­ [...]ns for hating him being con­quered by Me­nelaus: when it is for his effemi­nacie: which is all paraphr asti­call in my tran­slation.
Against him, for the foile he tooke, in their cause; and againe,
For all their generall foiles in his. So Hector seemes to plaine
Of his wrath to them, for their hate, and not his cowardise;
As that were it that shelterd him, in his effeminacies;
And kept him in that dangerous time, from their fit aid in fight:
For which he chid thus; Wretched man? so timelesse is thy spight,
That tis not honest; and their hate, is iust, gainst which it bends:
Warre burns about the towne for thee; for thee our flaughterd friends
Besiege Troy with their carkasses, on whose heapes our high wals
Are ouerlookt by enemies: the sad sounds of their fals
Without, are eccho'd with the cries, of wines, and babes within;
And all for thee: and yet for them, thy honor cannot win
Head of thine anger: thou shouldst need, no spirit to stirre vp thine,
[Page 91]But thine should set the rest on fire; and with a rage diuine
Chastise impartially the best, that impiously forbeares:
Come forth, lest thy faire towers and Troy, be burnd about thine eares.
Paris acknowledg'd (as before) all iust that Hector spake;
Allowing iustice, though it were, for his iniustice sake:
And wh ere his brother put a wrath, vpon him, by his art;
He takes it (for his honors sake,) as sprung out of his hart:
And rather would haue anger seeme, his fault, then cowardise:
And thus he answerd: Since with right, you ioynd checke with aduise,
Paris [...] H [...]ctor.
And I heare you; giue equall eare; It is not any spleene
Against the Towne (as you conceiue) that makes me so vnseene;
But sorrow for it: which to ease, and by discourse digest,
(Within my selfe) I liue so close: and yet, since men might wrest
My sad retreat, like you; my wife, (with her aduice) inclinde
This my addression to the field; which was mine owne free minde,
As well as th'instance of her words: for though the foyle were mine,
Conquest brings forth her wreaths by turnes: stay then this hast of thine,
But till I ar me; and I am made, a consort for thee streight;
Or go, Ile ouertake thy haste. Hellen stood at receipt,
And tooke vp all great Hectors powers, t'attend her heauie words;
Hellens ruthfull complaint to Hector.
By which had Paris no reply; this vent her griefe affords:
Brother, (if I may call you so, that had bene better borne
A dog, then such a horride Dame, as all men curse and scorne;
A mischiefe mak [...]r, a man-plague) O would to God the day
That first gaue light to me, had bene, a whirlwind in my way,
And borne me to some desert hill, or hid me in the rage
Of earths most far-resounding seas; ere I should thus engage
The deare liues of so many friends: yet since the Gods hau [...] beene
Helplesse foreseers of my plagues, they might haue likewise seene,
That he they put in yoke with me, to beare out their award,
Had bene a man of much more spirit; and, or had noblier dar'd
To shield mine honour with his deed; or with his mind had knowne
Much better the vpbraids of men; that so he might haue showne
(More like a man) some sence of griefe, for both my shame and his:
But he is senslesse, nor conceiues, what any manhood is;
Nor now, nor euer after will: and therefore hangs, I feare,
A plague aboue him. But come neare; good brother, rest you here,
Who (of the world of men) stands charg'd, with most vnrest for me,
(Vile wretch) and for my Louers wrong; on whom a destinie
So bitter is imposde by Ioue, that all succeeding times
Will put (to our vn-ended shames) in all mens mouthes our crimes.
He answerd: Hellen, do not seeke, to make me sit with thee:
Hector to Hel­len.
I must not stay, though well I know, thy honourd loue of me:
My mind cals forth to aid our friends, in whom my absence breeds
Longings to see me: for whose sakes, importune thou, to deeds,
This man by all meanes, that your care, may make his owne make hast,
And meete me in the open towne, that all may see at last,
He minds his louer: I my selfe, will now go home▪ and see
[Page 92]My houshold, my deare wife, and sonne, that little hope of me.
For (sister) tis without my skill, if I shall euer more
Returne and see them; or to earth, her right in me restore:
The Gods may stoupe me by the Greekes. This said, he went to see
The vertuous Princesse, his true wife, white arm'd Andromache.
She (with her infant sonne, and maide) was climb'd the towre, about
The sight of him that sought for her, weeping and crying out.
Hector, not finding her at home, was going forth; retir'd;
Stood in the gate: her woman cald; and curiously enquir'd,
Where she was gone; bad tell him true, if she were gone to see
His sisters, or his brothers wiues? or whether she should be
At Temple with the other Dames, t'implore Mineruas ruth.
Her woman answerd; since he askt, and vrg'd so much the truth;
The truth was, she was neither gone, to see his brothers wiues,
His sisters, nor t'implore the ruth, of Pallas on their liues;
But (she aduertisde of the bane, Troy sufferd; and how vast
Conquest had made her selfe, for Greece) like one distraught, made hast
To ample Ilion, with her sonne, and Nurse; and all the way
Mournd, and dissolu'd in teares for him. Then Hector made no stay;
But trod her path, and through the streets (magnificently built)
All the great Citie past, and came, where (seeing how bloud was spilt)
Andromache might see him come; who made as he would passe
The ports without saluting her, not knowing where she was:
She, with his sight, made breathlesse hast, to meet him: she, whose grace
Brought him, withall, so great a dowre; she that of all the race
Of king Action, onely liu'd: Action, whose house stood
Beneath the mountaine Placius, enuirond with the wood
Of Theban Hippoplace, being Court, to the Cilician land:
She ran to Hector, and with her (tender of heart and hand)
Her sonne, borne in his Nurses armes: when like a heauenly signe,
Compact of many golden starres, the princely child did shine;
Whom Hector cald Scamandrius; but whom the towne did name
Astianax; because his sire, did onely prop the same.
Hector (though griefe bereft his speech, yet) smil'd vpon his ioy:
Andromache cride out, mixt hands, and to the strength of Troy,
Thus wept forth her affection: O noblest in desire;
A [...]dromaches passion to Hector
Thy mind, inflam'd with others good, will set thy selfe on fire:
Nor pitiest thou thy sonne, nor wife, who must thy widdow be,
If now thou issue: all the field, will onely run on thee.
Better my shoulders vnderwent, the earth, then thy decease;
For then would earth beare ioyes no mo [...]e: then comes the blacke increase
Of griefes (like Greeks on Ilion): Alas, what one suruiues
To be my refuge? one blacke day, bereft seuen brothers liues,
By sterne Achilles; by his hand, my father breath'd his last:
Thebes a most [...] [...] of Ci­ [...].
His high-wald rich Cilician Thebes, sackt by him, and laid wast;
The royall bodie yet he left, vnspoild: Religion charm'd
That act of spoile; and all in fire, he burnd him compleat arm'd;
Built ouer him a royall tombe: and to the monument
[Page 93]He left of him; Th'Oreades (that are the high descent
Of Aegis-bearing Iupiter) another of their owne
Did adde to it, and set it round, with Elms; by which is showne
(In theirs) the barrennesse of death: yet might it serue beside
To shelter the sad Monument, from all the ruffinous pride
Of stormes and tempests, vsde to hurt, things of that noble kind:
The short life yet, my mother liu'd, he sau'd; and seru'd his mind
With all the riches of the Realme; which not enough esteemd,
He kept her prisoner; whom small time, but much more wealth redeemd:
And she in syluane Hyppoplace, Cilicia rul'd againe;
But soone was ouer-rul'd by death: Dianas chast disdaine
Gaue her a Lance, and tooke her life; yet all these gone from me,
Thou amply renderst all; thy life, makes still my father be;
My mother; brothers: and besides, thou art my husband too;
Most lou'd, most worthy. Pitie then (deare loue) and do not go;
For thou gone, all these go againe: pitie our common ioy,
Lest (of a fathers patronage, the bulwarke of all Troy)
Thou leau'st him a poore widdowes charge; stay, stay then, in this Towre,
And call vp to the wilde Fig-tree, all thy retired powre:
For there the wall is easiest scal'd, and fittest for surprise;
And there, th'Aiaces, Idomen, th'Atrides, Diomed, thrise
Haue both suruaid, and made attempt; I know not, if induc'd
By some wise Augure; or the fact, was naturally infusd
Into their wits, or courages. To this, great Hector said;
Hector to [...].
Be well assur'd wife, all these things, in my kind cares are waid:
But what a shame, and feare it is, to thinke how Troy would scorne
(Both in her husbands and her wiues, whom long-traind gownes adorne)
That I should cowardly flie off? The spirit I first did breath,
Did neuer teach me that; much lesse, since the contempt of death
Was settl'd in me; and my mind, knew what a Worthy was;
Whose office is, to leade in fight, and giue no danger passe
Without improuement. In this fire, must Hectors triall shine;
Here must his country, father, friends, be (in him) made diuine.
And such a stormy day shall come, in mind and soule I know,
When sacred Troy shall shed her towres, for teares of ouerthrow;
When Priam, all his birth and powre, shall in those teares be drownd.
But neither. Troyes posteritie, so much my soule doth wound:
Priam, nor Hecuba her selfe, nor all my brothers woes
(Who though so many, and so good, must all be food for foes)
As thy sad state; when some rude Greeke, shall leade thee weeping hence;
These free dayes clouded; and a night, of captiue violence
Loding thy temples: out of which, thine eyes must neuer see;
The n [...]mes of two fountaines: of which, one in Thessaly, the o­ther [...] Argos: or according to [...], in [...] or [...].
But spin the Greeke wiues, webs of taske; and their Fetch-water be,
To Argos, from Messeides, or cleare Hyperias spring:
Which (howsoeuer thou abhorst) Fate's such a shrewish thing,
She will be mistris: whose curst hands, when they shall crush out cries
From thy oppressions, (being beheld, by oth [...]r enemies)
Thus they will nourish thy extremes: This dame was Hectors wife,
[Page 94]A man, that at the warres of Troy, did breath the worthiest life
Of all their armie. This againe, will rub thy fruitfull wounds,
To misse the man, that to thy bands, could giue such narrow bounds:
But that day shall not wound mine eyes; the solide heape of night
Shall interpose, and stop mine eares, against thy plaints, and plight.
This said, he reacht to take his sonne: who (of his armes afraid;
And then the horse-haire plume, with which, he was so ouerlaid,
Nodded so horribly) he clingd, backe to his nurse, and cride.
Laughter affected his great Sire; who doft, and laid aside
His fearfull Helme; that on the earth, cast round about it, light;
Then tooke and kist his louing sonne; and (ballancing his weight
In dancing him) these louing vowes, to liuing Ioue he vsde,
And all the other bench of Gods: O you that haue infusde
Hectors prayer for his sonne.
Soule to this Infant; now set downe, this blessing on his starre:
Let his renowne be cleare as mine; equall his strength in warre;
And make his reigne so strong in Troy, that yeares to come may yeeld
His facts this fame; (when rich in spoiles, he leaues the conquerd field
Sowne with his slaughters.) These high deeds, exceed his fathers worth:
And let this eccho'd praise supply, the comforts to come forth
Of his kind mother, with my life. This said; th'Heroicke Sire
Gaue him his mother; whose faire eyes, fresh streames of loues salt fire,
Billow'd on her soft cheekes, to heare, the last of Hectors speech;
In which his vowes comprisde the summe, of all he did beseech
In her wisht comfort. So she tooke, into her odorous brest,
Her husbands gift; who (mou'd to see, her heart so much opprest)
He dried her teares; and thus desir'd: Afflict me not (deare wife)
With these vaine griefes; He doth not liue, that can disioyne my life
And this firme bosome; but my Fate; and Fate, whose wings can flie?
Noble, ignoble, Fate controuls: once borne, the best must die:
Go home, and set thy houswifrie, on these extremes of thought;
And driue warre from them with thy maids; keepe them from doing nought:
These will be nothing: leaue the cares, of warre, to men, and mee;
In whom (of all the Ilion race) they take their high'st degree.
On went his helme; his Princesse home, halfe cold with kindly feares;
When euery feare, turnd backe her lookes; and euery looke shed teares.
Fo-slaughtering Hectors house, soone reacht, her many women there
Wept all to see her: in his life, great Hectors funerals were;
Neuer lookt any eye of theirs, to see their Lord safe home,
Scap't from the gripes and powers of Greece. And now was Paris come
From his high towres; who made no stay, when once he had put on
Paris ouertakes Hector.
His richest armour; but flew forth: the flints he trod vpon
His simile: high and expressiue: which Virgil almost word for word hath tran­sla [...]ed, 12. Aen.
Sparkled with luster of his armes; his long-ebd spirits, now flowd
The higher, for their lower ebbe. And as a faire Steed, proud
With ful-giuen mangers; long tied vp, and now (his head-stall broke)
He breakes from stable, runnes the field, and with an ample stroke
Measures the center; neighs, and lifts, aloft his wanton head:
About his shoulders, shakes his Crest; and where he hath bene fed,
Or in some calme floud washt; or (stung, with his high plight) he flies
[Page 95]Amongst his femals; strength put forth; his beautie beautifies.
And like Lifes mirror, beares his gate: so Paris from the towre
Of loftie Pergamus came forth; he shewd a Sun-like powre
In cariage of his goodly parts, addrest now to the strife;
And found his noble brother neere, the place he left his wife;
Him (thus respected) he salutes; Right worthy, I haue feare
Paris to Hector.
That your so serious haste to field, my stay hath made forbeare;
And that I come not, as you wish. He answerd, Honourd man,
Hector to Paris.
Be confident; for not my selfe, nor any others can
Reproue in thee, the worke of fight; at least, not any such,
As is an equall iudge of things: for thou hast strength as much
As serues to execute a mind, very important: But
Thy strength too readily flies off: enough will is not put
To thy abilitie. My heart, is in my minds strife, sad,
When Troy (out of her much distresse, she and her friends haue had
By thy procurement) doth depraue, thy noblesse in mine eares:
But come, hereafter we shall calme, these hard conceits of theirs,
When (from their ports the foe expulst) high Ioue to them hath giuen
Wisht peace; and vs free sacrifice, to all the powers of heauen.
The end of the sixth Booke.


HEctor, by Hellenus aduice doth seeke
Aduenturous combat on the boldest Greeke.
Nine Greeks stand vp, Acceptants euery one,
But lot selects strong Aiax Telamon.
Both, with high honor, stand th'important fight,
Till Heralds part them by approched night.
Lastly, they graue the dead: the Greeks erect
A mightie wall, their Nauie to protect;
Which angers Neptune. Ioue, by haplesse signes,
In depth of night, succeeding woes diuines.
Another Argument.
In Eta, Priams strongest sonne
Combats with Aiax T [...]lamon.
THis said; braue Hector through the ports, with Troyes bane-bringing Knight,
Made issue to th'insatiate field, resolu'd to feruent fight.
These next foure book [...]s haue not my last hand: [...] because the rest (for a time) will be sufficient to em [...]oy y [...]ur cen­sures, suspend them of these: spare not the other.
And as the weather-wielder sends, to Sea-men prosperous gales,
When with their sallow-polisht Oares, long lifted from their fals,
Their wearied armes, dissolu'd with [...]yle, can scarce strike one stroke more;
Like those sweet winds appear'd these Lords, to Troians tir'd before.
Then fell they to the works of death: by Paris valour fell
King A [...]eithous haplesse sonne, that did in Arna dwell,
(Menestbius) whose renown'd Si [...]e, a Club did euer beare,
And of Philomedusa gat (that had her eyes so cleare)
This slaughterd issue: Hectors dart, strooke Eioneus dead;
Beneath his good steele caske, it pierc't, aboue his gorget stead.
Glaucus (Hyppolochus his sonne) that led the Lycian crew,
Iphinous-Dexiades, with sodaine Iauelin slew,
As he was mounting to his horse: his shoulders tooke the speare;
And ere he sate, in tumbling downe, his powres dissolued were.
When gray-eyd Pallas had perceiu'd, the Greekes so fall in fight;
Pall [...] to the Grecian ayd: Apollo to the Troian.
From high Olympus top she stoopt, and did on Ilion light.
Apollo (to encounter her) to Pergamus did flie;
From whence he (looking to the field) wisht Troians victorie.
Apollo to Pall [...]
At Ioues broad Beech these godheads met; and first Ioues sonne obiects;
Why, burning in contention thus, do thy extreme affects
Conduct thee from our peacefull hill? is it to ouersway
[Page 97]The doubtfull victorie of fight, and giue the Greeks the day?
Thou neuer pitiest perishing Troy: yet now let me perswade,
That this day no more mortall wounds, may either side inuade.
Hereafter, till the end of Troy, they shall apply the fight,
Since your immortall wils resolue, to ouerturne it quite.
Pallas replide, It likes me well; for this came I from heauen:
Pallas to Apollo.
But to make either army ceasse, what order shall be giuen?
He said, We will direct the spirit, that burnes in Hectors brest,
His reply.
To challenge any Greeke to wounds, with single powers imprest;
Which Greeks (admiring) will accept; and make some one stand out,
So stout a challenge to receiue, with a defence as stout:
It is confirmd; and Hellenus (King Priams loued seed)
Hellen [...] Priams sonne, and a Prophet, to Hector.
By Augurie, discernd th'euent, that these two powres decreed.
And (greeting Hector) askt him this: Wilt thou be once aduisde?
I am thy brother, and thy life, with mine is euenly prisde;
Command the rest of Troy and Greece, to ceasse this publicke fight;
And what Greeke beares the greatest mind, to single strokes excite:
I promise thee that yet thy soule, shall not descend to fates;
So heard I thy suruiuall cast, by the celestiall States.
Hector, with glad allowance gaue, his brothers counsell eare;
And (fronting both the hoasts) aduanc't, iust in the midst, his speare.
The Troians instantly surceasse; the Greeks Atrides staid:
The God that beares the siluer Bow, and warres triumphant Maide,
The combat pre­pared.
On Ioues Beech, like two Vultures sat, pleasd to behold both parts,
Flow in, to heare; so sternly arm'd, with huge shields, helmes and darts.
And such fresh horror as you see, driuen through the wrinkled waues
B [...] rising Zephyre, vnder whom, the sea growes blacke, and raues:
Such did the hastie gathering troupes, of both hoasts make, to heare;
Whose tumult settl'd, twixt them both, thus spake the challenger:
Heare Troians, and ye well arm'd Greeks, what my strong mind (diffusde
T [...]rough all my spirits) commands me speake; Saturnius hath not vsde
His promist fauour for our truce, but (studying both our ils)
Will neuer ceasse till Mars, by you, his rauenous stomacke fils,
With ruin'd Troy; or we consume, your mightie Sea-borne fleet.
Sin [...]e then, the Generall Peeres of Greece, in reach of one voice meete;
Am [...]ngst you all, whose breast includes, the most impulsiue mind,
Hector to both hoasts.
Let him stand forth as combatrant, by all the rest designde.
[...] whom thus I call high Ioue, to witnesse of our strife;
I [...] he, with home-thrust iron can reach, th'exposure of my life,
(Spoiling my armes) let him at will, conuey them to his tent;
But let my body be returnd; that Troys two-sext descent
May waste it in the funerall Pile: if I can slaughter him,
(Apollo honoring me so much) Ile spoile his conquerd lim,
And beare his armes to Ilion, where in Apollos shrine
Ile hang them, as my trophies due: his body Ile resigne
To be disposed by his friends, in flamie funerals,
And honourd with erected tombe, where Hellespontus fals
Into Egaeum; and doth reach, euen to your nauall rode;
[Page 96] [...] [Page 97] [...] [Page 98]That when our beings, in the earth, shall hide their period;
Suruiuers, sailing the blacke sea, may thus his name renew:
This is his monument, whose bloud, long since, did fates embrew;
[...] per [...].
Whom, passing farre in fortitude, illustrate Hector slew.
This shall posteritie report, and my fame neuer die.
This said, dumbe silence seiz'd them all; they shamed to denie,
And fear'd to vndertake. At last, did Menelaus speake,
Checkt their remisnesse, and so sigh'd, as if his heart would breake;
Menela [...] [...]
Aye me, but onely threatning Greeks, not worthy Grecian names:
This more and more, not to be borne, makes grow our huge defames,
[...] [...] Phryges: saith [...] imitator.
If Hectors honorable proofe, be entertaind by none;
But you are earth and water all, which (symboliz'd in one)
Haue fram'd your faint vnfirie spirits: ye sit without your harts,
Grosly inglorious: but my selfe, will vse acceptiue darts,
And arme against him; though you thinke, I arme gainst too much ods:
But conquests garlands hang aloft, amongst th'immortall gods.
He arm'd, and gladly would haue fought: but (Menelaus) then,
By Hectors farre more strength, thy soule, had fled th'abodes of men;
Had not the kings of Greece stood vp, and thy attempt restraind;
And euen the king of men himselfe, that in such compasse raign'd;
Who tooke him by the bold right hand, and sternly pluckt him backe:
Agamemnon wiser then his brother.
Mad brother, tis no worke for thee, thou seekst thy wilfull wracke:
Containe though it despite thee much; nor for this strife engage
Thy person with a man more strong, and whom all feare t'enrage:
Yea whom Aeacides himselfe, in men-renowning warre,
Makes doubt t'encounter: whose huge strength, surpasseth thine by farre;
Sit thou then by thy regiment; some other Greeke will rise
(Though he be dreadlesse, and no warre, will his desires suffice,
That makes this challenge to our strength) our valours to auow:
To whom, if he can scape with life, he will be glad to bow.
This drew his brother from his will, who yeelded, knowing it true,
And his glad souldiers tooke his armes: when Nestor did pursue
Nestor to the Greeks.
The same reproofe he set on foote; and thus supplide his turne:
What huge indignitie is this! how will our country mourne!
Old Peleus that good king will weepe: that worthy counsellor,
That trumpet of the Myrmidons, who much did aske me for
All men of name that went to Troy: with ioy he did enquire
Their valour and their towardnesse: and I made him admire.
But that ye all feare Hector now, if his graue eares shall heare,
How will he lift his hands to heauen, and pray that death may beare
His grieued soule into the deepe! O would to heauens great King,
O si [...] [...] mihi Iu­piter annos, Qualis eram, &c.
Minerua and the God of light, that now my youthfull spring
Did flourish in my willing veines, as when at Phaeas towres,
About the streames of Iardanu [...], my gather'd Pylean powres,
And dart-employed Arcadians fought, neere raging Celadon:
Amongst whom, first of all stood forth, great Ereuthalion,
Who th'armes of Arcithous wore (braue Are [...]hous)
And (since he still fought with a club) sirnam'd Clauigerus;
[Page 99]All men, and faire-girt Ladies both, for honour cald him so:
He fought not with a keepe-off speare, or with a farre shot bow;
But with a massie club of iron, he brake through armed bands:
And yet Lycurgus was his death, but not with force of hands;
With sleight (encountring in a lane, where his club wanted sway)
He thrust him through his spacious waste, who fell, and vpwards lay;
In death not bowing his face to earth: his armes he did despoile;
Which iron, Mars bestowd on him: and those, in Mars his toile,
Lycurgus euer after wore; but when he aged grew,
Enforc't to keepe his peacefull house, their vse he did renew,
On mightie Ereuthalions lims; his souldier, loued well;
And with these Armes he challeng'd all, that did in Armes excell:
All shooke and stood dismaid, none durst, his aduerse champion make;
Yet this same forward mind of mine, of choice, would vndertake
To fight with all his confidence; though yongest enemie
Of all the armie we conduct; yet I fought with him, I;
Minerua made me so renownd; and that most tall strong Peere
I slue; his big bulke lay on earth, extended here and there,
As it were couetous to spread, the center euery where.
O that my youth were now as fresh, and all my powers as sound;
Soone should bold Hector be impugn'd: yet you that most are crownd
With fortitude, of all our hoast; euen you, me thinkes are slow,
Not free, and set on fire with lust, t'encounter such a foe.
With this, nine royall Princes rose; Atrides for the first;
Nine Princ [...] stand vp to an­swer Hector.
Then Diomed: th'Aiaces then, that did th'encounter thirst:
King Idomen and his consorts; Mars-like Meriones;
Euemons sonne, Euripilus; and Andremonides;
Whom all the Grecians Thoas cald; sprong of Andremons bloud;
And wise Vlysses; euery one, proposd, for combat stood.
Againe Gerenius Nestor spake; Let lots be drawne by all,
His hand shall helpe the wel-armd Greeks, on whom the lot doth fall;
Lots [...] by Nestor for the [...].
And to his wish shall he be helpt, if he escape with life,
The harmfull danger-breathing fit, of this aduentrous strife.
Each markt his lot, and cast it in, to Agamemnons caske;
The souldiers praid, held vp their hands, and this of Ioue did aske,
(With eyes aduanc't to heauen): O Ioue, so leade the Heralds hand,
That Aiax or great Tydeus sonne, may our wisht champion stand:
Or else the King himselfe, that rules, the rich Mycenian land.
This said, old Nestor mixt the lots: the foremost lot suruaid,
With Aiax Telamon was sign'd; as all the souldiers praid;
One of the Heralds drew it forth, who brought and shewd it round,
Beginning at the right hand first, to all the most renownd:
None knowing it; euery man denide: but when he forth did passe,
To him which markt and cast it in, which famous Aiax was,
He stretcht his hand, and into it, the Herald put the lot,
Who (viewing it) th'inscription knew; the Duke denied not,
But ioyfully acknowledg'd it, and threw it at his feet;
And said, (O friends) the lot is mine, which to my soule is sweet;
The [...] [...] to Ai [...].
[Page 100]For now I hope my fame shall rise, in noble Hectors fall.
But whilst I arme my selfe, do you, on great Saturnius call;
He to the Greeks
But silently, or to your selues, that not a Troian heare:
Or openly (if you thinke good) since none aliue we feare;
None with a will, if I will not, can my bold powers affright,
At least for plaine fierce swinge of strength, or want of skill in fight:
For I will well proue that my birth, and breed in Salamine,
Was not all consecrate to meate, or meere effects of wine.
This said, the wel-giuen souldiers prayed: vp went to heauen their eyne;
O Ioue, that Ida doest protect, most happie, most diuine;
Send victorie to Aiax side; fame; grace, his goodly lim:
Or (if thy loue, blesse Hectors life, and thou hast care of him)
Bestow on both, like power, like fame. This said, in bright armes shone
The good strong Aiax: who, when all, his warre attire was on,
Marcht like the hugely figur'd Mars, when angry Iupiter,
Aiax armed, & his dreadful ma­ner of approch to the combat.
With strength, on people proud of strength, sends him forth to inferre
Wreakfull contention; and comes on, with presence full of feare;
So th'Achiue rampire, Telamon, did twixt the hoasts appeare▪
Smil'd; yet of terrible aspect; on earth with ample pace,
He boldly stalkt, and shooke aloft, his dart, with deadly grace.
It did the Grecians good to see; but heart quakes shooke the ioynts
Of all the Troians; Hectors selfe, felt thoughts, with horrid points,
Tempt his bold bosome: but he now, must make no counterflight;
Nor (with his honour) now refuse, that had prouokt the fight.
The shield of A­iax, like a tower.
Aiax came neare; and like a towre, his shield his bosome bard;
The right side brasse, and seuen Oxe hides, within it quilted hard:
Old Tychius the best currier, that did in Hyla dwell,
Tychius the cur­rier.
Did frame it for exceeding proofe, and wrought it wondrous well.
Hinc illud: Dominu [...] clypei septemplicis A­iax.
With this stood he to Hector close, and with this Braue began:
Now Hector thou shalt clearly know, thus meeting man to man,
What other leaders arme our hoast, besides great Thetis sonne:
Who, with his hardie Lions heart, hath armies ouerrunne.
But he lies at our crookt-sternd fleet, a Riuall with our King
In height of spirit; yet to Troy, he many knights did bring,
Coequall with Aeacides; all able to sustaine
All thy bold challenge can import: begin then, words are vaine.
The Helme-grac't Hector answerd him; Renowned Telamon,
Hector to Aiax,
Prince of the souldiers came from Greece; assay not me like one,
Yong and immartiall, with great words, as to an Amazon dame;
I haue the habit of all fights; and know the bloudie frame
Of euery slaughter: I well know, the ready right hand charge;
I know the left, and euery sway, of my securefull targe;
I triumph in the crueltie, of fixed combat fight,
And manage horse to all designes; I thinke then with good right,
I may be confident as farre, as this my challenge goes,
Without being taxed with a vaunt, borne out with emptie showes.
But (being a souldier so renownd) I will not worke on thee,
With least aduantage of that skill, I know doth strengthen me;
[Page 101]And so with priuitie of sleight, winne that for which I striue:
But at thy best (euen open strength) if my endeuours thriue.
Thus sent he his long Iauelin forth; it strooke his foes huge shield,
The combat.
Neere to the vpper skirt of brasse, which was the eighth it held.
Sixe folds th'vntamed dart strooke through, and in the seuenth tough hide
The point was checkt: then Aiax threw: his angry Lance did glide
Quite through his bright orbicular targe, his curace, shirt of maile;
And did his manly stomacks mouth, with dangerous taint assaile:
But in the bowing of himselfe, blacke death too short did strike;
Then both to plucke their Iauelins forth, encountred Lion-like;
Whose bloudie violence is increast, by that raw food they eate:
Or Bores, whose strength, wilde nourishment, doth make so wondrous great.
Againe Priamides did wound, in midst, his shield of brasse,
Yet pierc't not through the vpper plate, the head reflected was:
But Aiax (following his Lance) smote through his target quite,
And stayd bold Hector rushing in; the Lance held way outright,
And hurt his necke; out gusht the bloud: yet Hector ceast not so,
But in his strong hand tooke a Flint (as he did backwards go)
Saxis pugnant.
Blacke, sharpe and big, layd in the field: the seuenfold targe it smit,
Full on the bosse; and round about, the brasse did ring with it.
But Aiax a farre greater stone, lift vp, and (wreathing round,
With all his bodie layd to it) he sent it forth to wound,
And gaue vnmeasur'd force to it; the round stone broke within
Hector strooks on his knees.
His rundled target: his lou'd knees, to languish did begin;
And he leand, stretcht out on his shield; but Phoebus raisd him streight.
Then had they layd on wounds with swords, in vse of closer fight;
Vnlesse the Heralds (messengers, of Gods and godlike men)
The one of Troy, the other Greece; had held betwixt them then
Imperiall scepters: when the one (Idaeus, graue and wise)
Said to them; Now no more my sonnes: the Soueraigne of the skies
Doth loue you both; both souldiers are, all witnesse with good right:
But now night layes her mace on earth; tis good t'obey the night.
Idaeus? (Telamon replide,) To Hector speake, not me:
Aiax to Id [...].
He that cald all our Achiue Peeres, to station fight, twas he;
If he first ceasse, I gladly yeeld: great Hector then began:
Aiax, since Ioue to thy big forme, made thee so strong a man,
Hector to Aiax.
And gaue thee skill to vse thy strength; so much, that for thy speare,
Thou art most excellent of Greece, now let vs fight forbeare:
Hereafter we shall warre againe, till Ioue our Herald be,
And grace with conquest, which he will; heauen yeelds to night, and we.
Go thou and comfort all thy Fleet; all friends and men of thine,
As I in Troy my fauourers; who in the Fane diuine
Hector giues A­iax a sword: Aiax, Hector a girdle. Both which gifts were afterward cause of both their deaths.
Haue offerd Orisons for me; and come, let vs impart
Some ensignes of our strife, to shew, each others suppled hart;
That men of Troy and Greece may say, Thus their high quarrell ends:
Those that encountring, were such foes, are now (being separate) friends.
He gaue a sword, whose handle was, with siluer studs through driuen,
Scabard and all, with hangers rich: By Telamon was giuen
[Page 102]A faire well glossed purple waste. Thus Hector went to Troy,
And after him a multitude, fild with his safeties ioy;
Despairing he could euer scape, the puissant fortitude
And vnimpeached Aiax hands. The Greeks like ioy renude,
For their reputed victorie, and brought him to the King;
Who to the great Saturnides, preferd an offering:
Sacrifice for victorie. Virgil imit.
An Oxe that fed on fiue faire springs; they fleyd and quartred him,
And then (in peeces cut) on spits, they rosted euery lim:
Which neatly drest, they drew it off: worke done, they fell to feast:
Conuiuium à sacrificio.
All had enough; but Telamon, the King fed past the rest,
Nector to the Greeks.
With good large peeces of the chine. Thus, thirst and hunger staid,
Nestor (whose counsels late were best) vowes new, and first he said:
Atrides, and my other Lords, a sort of Greeks are dead,
Whose blacke bloud neare Scamanders streame, inhumane Mars hath shed:
Their soules to hell descended are: it fits thee then our king,
To make our souldiers ceasse from warre; and by the dayes first spring
Let vs our selues, assembled all, the bodies beare to fire,
With Mules and Oxen neare our fleet; that when we home retire,
Each man may carrie, to the sonnes, of fathers slaughterd here,
Their honourd bones: one tombe for all, foreuer let vs reare;
Circling the pile without the field: at which we will erect
Wals, and a raueling, that may safe, our fleet and vs protect.
And in them let vs fashion gates, solid and bard about,
Through which our horse and chariots, may well get in and out.
Without all, let vs dig a dike; so deepe it may auaile
Our forces gainst the charge of horse, and foote, that come t'assaile:
And thus th'attempts, that I see swell, in Troys proud heart, shall faile.
The Kings do his aduice approue: so Troy doth Court conuent,
At Priams gate, in th'Ilion tower, fearfull and turbulent.
Antenors coun­sell to the Tro▪ ians.
Amongst all, wise Antenor spake: Troians and Dardan friends,
And Peeres assistants, giue good eare, to what my care commends
To your consents, for all our good: resolue, let vs restore
The Argiue Hellen, with her wealth, to him she had before:
We now defend but broken faiths. If therefore ye refuse,
No good euent can I expect, of all the warres we vse.
He ceast, and Alexander spake, husband to th'Argiue Queene;
Paris replies.
Antenor, to mine eares thy words, harsh and vngracious beene:
Thou canst vse better if thou wilt: but if these truly fit
Thy serious thoughts; the Gods, with age, haue reft thy grauer wit:
To war-like Troians I will speake; I clearly do denie
To yeeld my wife: but all her wealth, Ile render willingly,
What euer I from Argos brought; and vow to make it more;
Which I haue readie in my house, if peace I may r [...]store.
Priam, sirnam'd Dardanides (godlike in counsels graue)
Priam to the Troians.
In his sonnes fauour well aduisde, this resolution gaue;
My royall friends of euery state, there is sufficient done,
For this late counsell we haue cald, in th'offer of my sonne;
Now then let all take needfull food; then let the watch be set,
[Page 103]And euerie court of guard held strong: so when the morne doth wet
The high raisd battlements of Troy, Idaeus shall be sent
To th'Argiue fleet, and Atreus sonnes, t'vnfold my sonnes intent,
From whose fact our contention springs: and (if they will) obtaine
Respit from heate of fight, till fire, consume our souldiers slaine:
And after, our most fatall warre, let vs importune still,
Till Ioue the conquest haue disposd, to his vnconquer'd will.
All heard, and did obey the king, and (in their quarters all,
That were to set the watch that night) did to their suppers fall.
Idaeus to the Grecian flee [...].
Idaeus in the morning went, and th'Achiue Peeres did find
In counsell at Atrides ship: his audience was assignd:
And in the midst of all the kings, the vocall Herald said:
Idaeus to the Greekes.
Atrides? my renowned king, and other kings his aid,
Propose by me, in their commands, the offers Paris makes,
(From whose ioy all our woes proceed) he Princely vndertakes
That all the wealth he brought from Greece (would he had died before)
He will (with other added wealth) for your amends restore:
But famous Menelaus wife, he still meanes to enioy,
Though he be vrg'd the contrarie, by all the Peeres of Troy.
And this besides, I haue in charge, that if it please you all;
They wish both sides may ceasse from warre, that rites of funerall
May on their bodies be performd, that in the fields lie slaine:
And after to the will of Fate, renue the fight againe.
All silence held at first: at last, Tydides made reply;
Diomed do Idaeus
Let no man take the wealth, or Dame; for now a childs weake eye
May see the imminent blacke end, of Priams Emperie.
This sentence quicke, and briefly giuen, the Greeks did all admire:
Then said the King; Herald, thou hear'st, in him, the voice entire
Agvmemnon to Idaeus,
Of all our Peeres, to answer thee, for that of Priams sonne:
But, for our burning of the dead, by all meanes I am wonne
To satisfie thy king therein, without the slendrest gaine
Made of their spoiled carkasses; but freely (being slaine)
They shall be all consumd with fire: to witnesse which, I cite
High thundring Ioue, that is the king, of Iunos beds delight.
With this, he held his scepter vp, to all the skie thron'd powres:
And graue Idaeus did returne, to sacred Ilions towres,
Where Ilians, and Dardanians, did still their counsels plie,
Expecting his returne: he came, and told his Legacie.
All, whirlewind like, assembled then: some, bodies to transport,
Some to hew trees: On th'other part, the Argiues did exhort
Their souldiers to the same affaires: then did the new fir'd Sunne
Smite the brode fields, ascending heauen, aud th'Ocean smooth did runne:
When Greece and Troy mixt in such peace, you scarce could either know:
Then washt they off their blood and dust, and did warme teares bestow
Vpon the slaughterd, and in Carres, conueid them from the field:
Priam commanded none should mourne, but in still silence yeeld
Their honord carkasses to fire, and onely grieue in heart.
All burnd: to Troy, Troyes friends retire: to fleet, the Grecian part:
[Page 104]Yet doubtfull night obscur'd the earth, the day did not appeare:
When round about the funerall pile, the Grecians gatherd were;
The pile they circled with a tombe, and by it raisd a wall,
High towres to guard the fleet and them: and in the midst of all
They built strong gates, through which the horse, and chariots passage had:
Without the rampire a brode dike, long and profound they made,
On which they Pallesados pitcht; and thus the Grecians wrought.
Their huge workes in so little time, were to perfection brought,
That all Gods, by the Lightner set, the frame thereof admir'd;
Mongst whom, the earthquake-making God, this of their King enquir'd:
Father of Gods, will any man, of all earths grassie sphere,
Neptune to I [...]iter.
Aske any of the Gods consents, to any actions there,
If thou wilt see the shag-haird Greekes, with headstrong labours frame
So huge a worke, and not to vs, due offrings first enflame?
As farre as white Auroras dewes, are sprinkled through the aire,
Fame will renowne the hands of Greece, for this diuine affaire:
Men will forget the sacred worke, the Sunne and I did raise,
For king Laomedon (bright Troy) and this will beare the praise.
Ioue was extremely mou'd with him, and said: What words are these,
Ioue to Neptune.
Thou mightie shaker of the earth, thou Lord of all the seas?
Some other God, of farre lesse powre, might hold conceipts dismaid,
With this rare Grecian stratageme, and thou rest well apaid;
The fortification that inthe twelft Booke is razed.
For it will glorifie thy name, as farre as light extends:
Since, when these Greekes shall see againe, their natiue soile and friends,
(The bulwarke battred) thou maist quite, deuoure it with thy waues,
And couer (with thy fruitlesse sands) this fatall shore of graues:
That what their fierie industries, haue so diuinely wrought,
In raising it: in razing it, thy powre will proue it nought.
Thus spake the Gods among themselues: set was the feruent Sunne;
And now the great worke of the Greeks, was absolutely done.
Then slue they Oxen in their tents, and strength with food reuiu'd;
When out of Lemnos a great fleete, of odorous wine arriu'd,
A fleete of wine of a thousand tun sent by Eu­neus king of Lē ­nos Iasons son.
Sent by Euneus, Iasons sonne, borne of Hypsiphile.
The fleete containd a thousand tunne: which must transported be
To Atreus sons, as he gaue charge; whose merchandize it was.
The Greeks bought wine for shining steele, and some for sounding brasse;
Some for Oxe hides; for Oxen some, and some for prisoners.
A sumptuous banquet was prepar'd, and all that night the Peeres,
And faire-haird Greeks consum'd in feast: so Troians and their aide.
And all the night Ioue thunderd lowd: pale feare all thoughts dismaide.
While they were gluttonous in earth, Ioue wrought their banes in heauen:
They pourd full cups vpon the ground; and were to offrings driuen,
In stead of quaffings: and to drinke, none durst attempt, before
In solemne sacrifice they did, almightie Ioue adore.
Then to their rests they all repaird: bold zeale their feare bereau'd:
And sodaine sleepes refreshing gift, securely they receiu'd.
The end of the seuenth booke.


VVHen Ioue to all the Gods had giuen command,
That none, to either host, should helpfull stand;
To Ida he descends: and sees from thence
Iuno and Pallas haste the Greeks defence:
Whose purpose, his command by Iris giuen,
Doth interuent; then came the silent Euen;
When Hector chargde fires should consume the night.
Lest Greeks in darkenesse tooke suspected flight.
Another Argument.
In Theta gods a Counsell haue,
Troyes conquest, glorious Hectors Braue.
THe chearfull Ladie of the light, deckt in her saffron robe,
Periphrasis of the Morning.
Disperst her beames through euery part, of this enflowred globe,
When thundring Ioue a Court of Gods, assembled by his will,
In top of all the topfull heights, that crowne th'Olympian hill.
He spake, and all the Gods gaue eare: Heare how I stand inclind:
Ioue to the bench of Deities.
That God nor Goddesse may attempt, t'infringe my soueraigne mind:
But all giue suffrage; that with speed, I may these discords end.
What God soeuer I shall find, indeuour to defend
Or Troy or Greece, with wounds to heauen, he (sham'd) shall reascend;
Or (taking him with his offence) Ile cast him downe as deepe
As Tartarus (the brood of night) where Barathrum doth steepe
Virgil maketh this likewise his place, adding, Bis patet in prae ceps, tantum tendit (que) sub vmbras, &c. Homers golden chaine.
Torment in his profoundest sinks; where is the floore of brasse,
And gates of iron: the place, for depth, as farre doth hell surpasse,
As heauen (for height) exceeds the earth; then shall he know from thence,
How much my power past all the Gods, hath soueraigne eminence.
Indanger it the whiles and see: let downe our golden chaine;
And, at it, let all Deities, their vtmost strengths constraine,
To draw me to the earth from heauen: you neuer shall preuaile,
Though with your most contention, ye dare my state assaile:
But when my will shall be disposd, to draw you all to me;
Euen with the earth it selfe, and seas, ye shall enforced be.
Then will I to Olympus top, our vertuous engine bind,
And by it euerie thing shall hang, by my command inclind:
So much I am supreme to Gods; to men supreme as much.
The Gods sat silent, and admir'd; his dreadfull speech was such.
[Page 106]At last, his blue-eyd daughter spake: O great Saturnides,
O Father, ô heauens highest King; well know we the excesse
Pallas to Ioue.
Of thy great power, compar'd with all: yet the bold Greekes estate
We needs must mourne, since they must fall, beneath fo hard a fate:
For if thy graue command enioyne, we will abstaine from fight:
But to afford them such aduice, as may relieue their plight,
We will (with thy consent) be bold; that all may not sustaine
The fearefull burthen of thy wrath, and with their shames be slaine.
He smil'd, and said; Be confident, thou art belou'd of me:
[...] to Pallas.
I speake not this with serious thoughts, but will be kind to thee.
This said, his brasse hou'd winged horse, he did to chariot bind,
Ioues horse.
Whose crests were fring'd with manes of gold, and golden garments shin'd
On his rich shoulders; in his hand, he tooke a golden scourge,
Diuinely fashiond, and with blowes, their willing speed did vrge,
Mid way betwixt the earth and heauen; to Ida then he came,
Ioue descends to Ida.
Abounding in delicious springs, and nurse of beasts vntame;
Where (on the mountaine Gargarus) men did a Fane erect
To his high name, and altars sweet; and there his horse he checkt;
Dissolu'd them from his chariot, and in a cloud of ieate
He couerd them, and on the top, tooke his triumphant seate;
Beholding Priams famous towne, and all the Fleet of Greece,
Ioues prospect. Both hosts arme.
The Greeks tooke breakfast speedily, and arm'd at euerie peece:
So Troians; who though fewer farre, yet all to fight tooke armes:
Dire need enforc't them, to auert, their wiues and childrens harmes.
All gates flew open, all the host, did issue, foote and horse,
In mightie tumult: straite one place, adioynd each aduerse force:
The fight.
Then shields with shields met, darts with darts, strength against strength op­posd:
The bosse-pik't targets were thrust on, and thunderd as they closd
In mightie tumult; grone for grone, and breath for breath did breath:
Of men then slaine and to be slaine; earth flowd with fruits of death.
While the faire mornings beautie held, and day increast in height;
Their Iauelins mutually made death, transport an equall freight:
But when the hote Meridian point, bright Phoebus did ascend,
[...] victoria The Meridian libra Iouis Au­rea. Virg. tran­ [...]ulit Macro­bius 5.
Then Ioue his golden Ballances, did equally extend:
And of long-rest-conferring death, put in two bitter fates
For Troy and Greece he held the midst: the day of finall dates
Fell on the Greeks: the Greeks hard lots, sunke to the flowrie ground.
The Troians leapt as high as heauen, then did the claps resound,
Of his fierce thunder; lightning leapt, amongst each Grecian troope:
Ioues thunder a­mongst the Gre­cians.
The sight amaz'd them; pallid feare, made boldest stomacks stoope.
Then Idomen durst not abide; Atrides went his way,
And both th'Aiaces: Nestor yet, against his will did stay
(That graue Protector of the Greekes): for Paris with a dart
Enrag'd one of his chariot horse; he smote the vpper part
Of all his skull, euen where the haire, that made his foretop, sprung:
The hurt was deadly, and the paine, so sore the courser stung,
(Pierc't to the braine) he stampt and plung'd: one on another beares:
Entangled round about the beame; then Nestor cut the geres
[Page 107]With his new drawne authentique sword; meane while the firie horse
Of Hector brake into the preasse, with their bold rulers force:
Then good old Nestor had bene slaine, had Diomed not espied;
Dio [...]ed to [...] ­ses.
Who to Vlysses, as he fled, importunately cried;
Thou, that in counsels dost abound, O Laertiades,
Why flyest thou? why thus cowardlike, shunst thou the honourd prease?
Take heed thy backe take not a dart: stay, let vs both intend
To driue this cruell enemie, from our deare aged friend.
He spake: but warie Ithacus, would find no patient eare:
Vlysses flies and Diomed alon [...] steps to the re­scue of Nestor.
But fled forth right, euen to the fleet: yet though he single were,
Braue Diomed mixt amongst the fight, and stood before the steeds
Of old Neleides, whose estate, thus kingly he areeds:
O father, with these youths in fight, thou art vnequall plac't,
Thy willing sinewes are vnknit, graue age pursues thee fast,
And thy vnruly horse are slow; my chariot therefore vse,
And trie how readie Troian horse, can flie him that pursues;
Pursue the flier, and euery way, performe the varied fight:
I forc't them from Anchises sonne, well skild in cause of flight.
Then let my Squire leade hence thy horse: mine thou shalt guard, whilst I
(By thee aduanc't) assay the fight; that Hectors selfe may trie
If my lance dote with the defects, that faile best minds in age,
Or find the palsey in my hands, that doth thy life engage.
This, noble Nestor did accept; and Diomeds two friends,
Eurymedon, that valour loues; and Sthenelus, ascends,
Old Nestors coach: of Diomeds horse, Nestor the charge sustains
And Tydeus sonne tooke place of fight; Neleides held the rains,
And scourg'd the horse, who swiftly ran, direct in Hectors face,
Diomed charges Hector.
Whom fierce Tydides brauely charg'd: but, he turnd from the chace,
His iaueline Eniopeus smit, mightie Thebaeus sonne,
And was great Hectors chariotere; it through his breast did runne,
Neare to his pappe; he fell to earth, backe flew his frighted horse;
His strength and soule were both dissolu'd: Hector had deepe remorse
Of his mishap: yet left he him, and for another sought;
Nor long his steeds did want a guide: for straight good fortune brought
Bold Archeptolemus, whose life, did from Iphytis spring;
He made him take the reines and mount: then soules were set on wing:
Then high exploits were vndergone, then Troians in their wals
Had bene infolded like meeke Lambs, had Ioue winkt at their fals;
Who hurld his horrid thunder forth, and made pale lightnings flie
Into the earth, before the horse, that Nestor did applie.
A dreadfull flash burnt through the aire, that sauourd sulphure-like,
Which downe before the chariot, the dazled horse did strike:
The faire reines fell from Nestors hand; who did (in feare) intreate
Renownd Tydides, into flight, to turne his furies heate.
Nestor to Diomed.
For knowest thou not, said he, our aide, is not supplide from Ioue?
This day he will giue fame to Troy, which when it fits his loue
We shall enioy; let no man tempt, his vnresisted will,
Though he exceed in gifts of strength: for he exceeds him still.
[Page 108]Father (replied the king) t'is true: but both my heart and soule
Diomed to Ne­stor.
Are most extremely grieu'd to thinke, how Hector will controule
My valour with his vants in Troy: that I was terror-sicke
With his approch: which when he boasts, let earth deuoure me quicke.
Ah warlike Tydeus sonne (said he,) what needlesse words are these?
Nestor to Dio­med.
Though Hector should report thee faint, and amorous of thy ease,
The Troians nor the Troian wiues, would neuer giue him trust,
Whose youthfull husbands thy free hand, hath smotherd so in dust.
This said, he turn'd his one-hou'd horse, to flight, and troope did take;
When Hector and his men with showts, did greedie pursute make,
And pour'd on darts, that made aire sigh: then Hector did exclame;
O Tydeus sonne, the kings of Greece, do most renowne thy name
Hectors braue to Diomed.
With highest place, feasts, and full cups; who now will do thee shame:
Thou shalt be like a woman vsd, and they will say; Depart
Immartiall minion, since to stand, Hector, thou hadst no hart:
Nor canst thou scale our turrets tops, nor leade the wiues to fleet
Of valiant men; that wifelike fear'st, my aduerse charge to meet.
This, two waies mou'd him; still to flie, or turne his horse and fight:
Thrise thrust he forward to assault; and euery time the fright
Of Ioues fell thunder draue him backe: which he proposd for signe
(To shew the change of victorie) Troians should victors shine.
Then Hector comforted his men; All my aduentrous friends,
Hector to his friends.
Be men, and of your famous strength, thinke of the honourd ends.
I know, beneuolent Iupiter, did by his becke professe
Conquest, and high renowne to me; and to the Greeks distresse.
O fooles, to raise such silly forts, not worth the least account,
Nor able to resist our force; with ease our horse may mount,
Quite ouer all their hollow dike: but when their fleet I reach,
Let Memorie to all the world, a famous bonfire teach:
For, I will all their ships inflame; with whose infestiue smoke
(Feare-shrunke and hidden neare their keels) the conquerd Greeks shall choke.
Then cherisht he his famous horse: O Xanthus, now, said he,
The names of Hectors horse.
And thou Podargus: Aethon to, and Lampus, deare to me;
Make me some worthy recompence, for so much choice of meate,
Giuen you by faire Andromache; bread of the purest wheate;
And with it (for your drinke) mixt wine, to make ye wished cheare,
Vinum equis.
Still seruing you before my selfe (her husband young and deare:)
Pursue and vse your swiftest speed, that we may take for prise
The shield of old Neleides, which Fame lifts to the skies;
Nestors shield al of gold.
Euen to the handles, telling it, to be of massie gold:
And from the shoulders let vs take, of Diomed the bold,
The royall curace Vulcan wrought, with art so exquisite.
These if we make our sacred spoile, I doubt not, but this Night,
Euen to their nauie to enforce, the Greekes vnturned flight.
This Iuno tooke in high disdaine; and made Olympus shake,
As she but stird within her throne; and thus to Neptune spake;
O Neptune, what a spite is this? thou God so huge in power,
I [...]no to Nep­tune.
Afflicts it not thy honor'd heart, to see rude spoile deuoure
[Page 109]These Greekes that haue in Helice, and Aege, offred thee
So many and such wealthie gifts, let them the victors be;
If we that are the aids of Greece, would beate home these of Troy,
And hinder brode-eyd Ioues prowd will, it would abate his ioy.
Neptune to Iuno
He (angrie) told her, she was rash, and he would not be one,
Of all the rest, should striue with Ioue, whose power was matcht by none.
Whiles they conferd thus, all the space, the trench containd before,
(From that part of the fort that flankt, the nauie-anchoring shore)
Was fild with horse and targateirs, who there for refuge came,
By Mars-swift Hectors power engagde; Ioue gaue his strength the fame:
And he with spoilefull fire had burnt, the fleet: if Iunos grace
Had not inspirde the king himselfe, to run from place to place,
And stirre vp euerie souldiers powre, to some illustrous deed;
Agamemnons [...]bor in ranging his armie.
First visiting their leaders tents, his ample purple weed
He wore, to shew all who he was; and did his station take
At wise Vlysses sable barkes, that did the battell make
Of all the fleet: from whence his speech, might with more ease be driuen
To Aiax and Achilles ships; to whose chiefe charge were giuen
The Vantguard and the Rereguard both: both for their force of hand,
And trustie bosomes. There arriu'd, thus vrg'd he to withstand
Agamem nons exprobration of the Greeks.
Th'insulting Troians: O what shame, ye emptie hearted Lords,
Is this to your admired formes? where are your glorious words?
In Lemnos vaunting you the best, of all the Grecian host?
We are the strongest men (ye said) we will command the most:
Eating most flesh of high hornd beeues, and drinking cups full crownd:
And euerie man a hundred foes, two hundred will confound:
Now all our strength, dar'd to our worst, one Hector cannot tame,
Who presently with horrid fire, will all our fleet inflame.
Apostrophe ad Iouem.
O Father Ioue, hath euer yet, thy most vnsuffred hand
Afflicted, with such spoile of soules, the king of any land?
And taken so much fame from him? when I did neuer faile
(Since vnder most vnhappie starres, this fleet was vnder saile)
Thy glorious altars, I protest; but aboue all the Gods,
Haue burnt fat thighs of beeues to thee; and praid to race th'abodes
Of rape-defending Ilions: yet grant (almightie Ioue)
One fauour, that we may at least, with life from hence remoue:
Not vnder such inglorious hands, the hands of death imploy,
And where Troy should be stoopt by Greece, let Greece fall vnder Troy.
To this euen weeping king, did Ioue, remorsefull audience giue,
And shooke great heauen to him, for signe, his men and he should liue:
Then quickly cast he off his hawke, the Eagle prince of aire,
Ioue casts off his Eagle on the Greeks right hand, that trust a [...]inde cafe.
That perfects his vnspotted vowes; who seisd in her repaire
A sucking hinde calfe; which she trust, in her enforciue seeres,
And by Ioues altar let it fall, amongst th'amazed peeres,
Where the religious Achiue kings, with sacrifice did please
The authour of all Oracles, diuine Saturnides.
Now when they knew the bird of Ioue, they turnd couragious head:
When none (though many kings put on) could make his vaunt, he led
[Page 110] Tydides to renewd assault: or issued first the dike,
Dio [...]d.
Or first did fight: but farre the first, stone dead his lance did strike
Arm'd Agelaus; by descent, surnam'd Phradmonides;
He turn'd his readie horse to flight; and Diomeds lance did seise
His backe betwixt his shoulder blades, and lookt out at his brest;
He fell, and his armes rang his fall. Th'Atrides next addrest
Themselues to fight; th'Aiaces next, with vehement strength endude:
Idomeneus and his friend, stout Merion, next pursude:
And after these Euripilus, Euemons honord [...]ace:
The ninth, with backward wreathed bow, had little Teucer place;
He still fought vnder Aiax shield; who sometimes held it by,
Teucer seruing vnder Aiax [...].
And then he lookt his obiect out, and let his arrow flie:
And whomsoeuer in the preasse, he wounded, him he slue;
Then vnder Aiax seuen-fold shield, he presently withdrew.
He far'd like an vnhappie child, that doth to mother run
For succour, when he knowes full well, he some shrewd turne hath done.
What Troians then were to their deaths, by Teucers shafts imprest?
Haplesse Orsylochus was first; Ormenus, Ophelest,
Detor, and hardie Cronius, and Lycophon diuine;
And Amopaon, that did spring, from Polyemons line,
And Menalippus: all on heapes, he tumbled to the ground.
The king reioyc't to see his shafts, the Phrygian ranks confound:
Who straight came neare, and spake to him; O Teucer louely man,
Agamemnon to Teucer.
Strike still so sure, and be a grace, to euerie Grecian;
And to thy father Telamon, who tooke thee kindly home,
(Although not by his wife, his sonne) and gaue thee foster roome,
Euen from thy childhood; then to him, though far from hence remou'd,
Make good fame reach; and to thy selfe, I vow what shall be prou'd:
If he that dreadfull Egis beares, and Pallas grant to me
Th'expugnance of wel-builded Troy, I first will honour thee,
Next to my selfe with some rich gift, and put it in thy hand:
A three-foot vessell, that for grace, in sacred Fanes doth stand:
Or two horse and a chariot, or else a louely Dame,
That may ascend on bed with thee, and amplifie thy name.
Teucer right nobly answerd him: Why (most illustrate king)
Teucer to Aga­memnon.
I being thus forward of my selfe, dost thou adioyne a sting?
Without which, all the power I haue, I ceasse not to imploy:
For, from the place where we repulst, the Troians towards Troy,
I all the purple field haue strew'd, with one or other slaine:
Eight shafts I shot, with long steele heads, of which not one in vaine;
All were in youthfull bodies fixt, well skild in warres constraint:
Yet this wild dog, with all my aime, I haue no power to taint.
This said, another arrow forth, from his stiffe string he sent,
At Hector, whom he long'd to wound; but still amisse it went:
His shaft smit faire Gorgythion, of Priams princely race,
Who in Aepina was brought forth (a famous towne in Thrace)
By Castianira; that, for forme, was like celestiall breed.
And as a crimson Poppie flower, surcharged with his seed,
[Page 111]And vernall humors falling thicke, declines his heauie brow;
[...] [...] [...] est.
So, of one side, his helmets weight, his fainting head did bow:
Yet Teucer would another shaft, at Hectors life dispose;
So faine, he such a marke would hit: but still besides it goes;
Apollo did auert the shaft: but Hectors charioteere
Bold Archeptolemus he smit, as he was rushing neere
To make the fight: to earth he fell, his swift horse backe did flie,
And there, were both his strength and soule, exilde eternally.
Huge griefe, for Hectors slaughterd friend, pincht-in his mightie mind:
Yet was he forc't to leaue him there, and his void place resignd
To his sad brother, that was by; Cebriones: whose eare
Receiuing Hectors charge, he straight, the weightie reines did beare;
And Hector, from his shining coach (with horrid voice) leapt on,
H [...]ctor with a stone at Teucer.
To wreake his friend on Teucers hand; and vp he tooke a stone,
With which he at the Archer ran; who, from his quiuer, drew
A sharpe-pild shaft, and nockt it sure: but, in great Hector flew,
With such fell speed, that in his draught, he his right shoulder strooke,
Where twixt his necke and breast, the ioynt, his natiue closure tooke:
The wound was wondrous full of death, his string in sunder flees;
His nummed hand fell strengthlesse downe, and he vpon his knees.
Aiax neglected not to aid, his brother thus deprest;
But came and saft him with his shield; and two more friends addrest
To be his aide, tooke him to fleet; Mecistius, Echius son,
And gay Alastor: Teucer sigh'd, for all his seruice done.
Then did Olympius, with fresh strength, the Troian powers reuiue;
Who to their trenches once againe, the troubled Greekes did driue.
Hector brought terror with his strength, and euer fought before:
As when some highly stomackt hound, that hunts a syluan Bore,
Or kingly Lion, loues the hanch, and pincheth oft behind,
Bold of his feet, and still obserues, the game, to turne inclind,
Not vtterly dissolu'd in flight: so Hector did pursue;
And whosoeuer was the last, he euer did subdue.
They fled, but when they had their dike, and Pallesados past,
(A number of them put to sword) at ships they staid at last:
Then mutuall exhortations flew, then all with hands and eyes,
Aduanc't to all the Gods, their plagues, wrung from them open cries.
Hector with his fowre rich-man'd horse, assaulting alwaies rode;
Hectors terrible aspect.
The eyes of Gorgon burnt in him, and warres vermilion God.
The Goddesse that all Goddesses (for snowie armes) out shin'd,
Thus spake to Pallas; to the Greeks, with gracious ruth inclin'd.
O Pallas, what a griefe is this? is all our succour past
Iuno to Pallas.
To these our perishing Grecian friends? at least withheld at last?
Eu [...]n now, when one mans violence, must make them perish all,
Insatisfaction of a Fate, so full of funerall?
Hector Priamides now raues, no more to be indur'd;
That hath alreadie on the Greeks, so many harmes inur'd.
The Azure Goddesse answerd her; This man had surely found
His fortiude and life dissolu'd, euen on his fathers ground,
[Page 112]By Grecian valour; if my Sire, infested with ill moods,
Did not so dote on these of Troy, too ielous of their bloods:
And euer, an vniust repulse, stands to my willing powres;
Little remembring what I did, in all the desperate howres
Of his affected Hercules: I euer rescued him,
In labours of Euristheus, vntoucht in life or lim:
When he (heauen knowes) with drowned eyes, lookt vp for helpe to heauen:
Which euer at command of Ioue, was by my supppliance giuen.
But had my wisdome reacht so farre, to know of this euent,
When to the solid-ported depths, of hell his sonne was sent,
To hale out hatefull Plutoes dog, from darksome Erebus,
He had not scap't the streames of Styx, so deepe and dangerous:
Yet Ioue hates me, and shews his loue, in doing Thetis will,
That kist his knees, and strok't his chin; praid, and importun'd still,
That he would honour with his aid, her cittie-razing sonne,
Displeasd Achilles: and for him, our friends are thus vndone.
But time shall come againe, when he (to do his friends some aid)
Will call me his Glaucopides; his sweet and blew-eyd maid.
Then harnesse thou thy horse for me, that his bright Pallace ga [...]es
I soone may enter, arming me, to order these debates:
And I will trie if Priams sonne, will still maintaine his cheare,
When in the crimson paths of warre, I dreadfully appeare;
For some prowd Troian shall be sure, to nourish dogs and soules,
And paue the shore with fat, and flesh, depriu'd of liues and soules.
Iuno prepar'd her horse, whose manes, Ribands of gold enlac't:
Pallas her partie coloured robe; on her bright shoulders cast,
Pallas armes.
Diuinely wrought with her owne hands, in th'entrie of her Sire:
Then put she, on her ample breast, her vnder-arming tire,
And on it her celestiall armes: the chariot streight she takes,
With her huge heauie violent lance, with which she slaughter makes
Of armies, fatall to her wrath: Saturnia whipt her horse,
Iuno her wag­gonnesse.
And heauen gates, guarded by the Howres, op't by their proper force:
Through which they flew. Whom when Ioue saw (set neare th'Idalian spring)
Highly displeasd: he Iris cald, that hath the golden wings,
And said; Flie Iris, turne them backe, let them not come at me:
Ioue to Iris.
Our meetings (seuerally disposd) will nothing gracious be.
Beneath their o'rethrowne chariot, Ile shiuer their prowd steeds:
Hu [...]le downe themselues, their wagon breake, and for their stubborne deeds,
In ten whole yeares they shall not heale, the wounds I will impresse
With horrid thunder; that my maid, may know, when to addresse
Armes against her father. For my wife, she doth not so offend,
T'is but her vse to interrupt, what euer I intend.
Iris, with this, left Idas hils, and vp t'Olympus flew,
[...] is to heauen.
Met (neare heauen gates) the Goddesses, and thus their haste with-drew.
What course intend you? why are you, wrapt with your fancies storme?
Ioue likes not ye should aid the Greeks, but threats, and will performe,
To crush in peeces your swift horse, beneath their glorious yokes,
Hurle downe your selues, your chariot breake: and those impoysoned strokes
[Page 113]His wounding thunder shall imprint, in your celestiall parts,
In ten full Springs ye shall not cure: that she that tames proud hearts
(Thy selfe, Minerua) may be taught, to know for what, and when,
Thou doest against thy father fight; for sometimes childeren
May with discretion plant themselues, against their fathers wils;
But not where humors onely rule, in works beyond their skils,
For, Iuno, she offends him not, nor vexeth him so much;
For, t'is her vse to crosse his will, her impudence is such.
[...]ile facit quod semper facit.
The habite of offence in this, she onely doth contract,
And so grieues or incenseth lesse, though nere the lesse her fact:
But thou most grieu'st him (dogged Dame) whom he rebukes in time,
Lest silence should peruert thy will, and pride too highly clime
In thy bold bosome (desperate girle) if seriously thou dare
Lift thy vnwieldie lance gainst Ioue, as thy pretences are.
She left them, and Saturnia said, Ay me thou seed of Ioue,
Iuno to Pall [...].
By my aduice we will no more, vnfit contention moue
With Iupiter for mortall men; of whom, let this man die,
And that man liue, who euer he, pursues with destinie:
And let him (plotting all euents) dispose of either host,
As he thinks fittest for them both, and may become vs most.
Thus turnd she backe, and to the Howres, her rich man'd horse resign'd
Who them t'immortall mangers bound; the chariot they inclin'd
Beneath the Christall walls of heauen, and they in golden thrones
Consorted other Deities, repleate with passions.
Ioue, in his bright-wheeld chariot, his firie horse now beats,
Vp to Olympus; and aspir'd, the Gods eternall seats.
Great Neptune loosd his horse; his Carre, vpon the Altar plac't,
And heauenly-linnen Couerings, did round about it cast.
The farre-seer vsd his throne of gold: the vast Olympus shooke
Beneath his feete, his wife, and maid, apart their places tooke;
Nor any word afforded him: he knew their thoughts, and said;
[...]oue to Inn [...] and Pallas.
Why do you thus torment your selues? you need not sit dismaid
With the long labours you haue vsd, in your victorious fight,
Destroying Troians: gainst whose liues, you heape such high despight.
Ye should haue held your glorious course; for be assur'd, as farre
As all my powres (by all meanes vrg'd) could haue sustaind the warre:
Not all the host of Deities, should haue retir'd my hand,
From vowd inflictions on the Greeks: much lesse, you two withstand.
But you before you saw the fight, much lesse the slaughter there,
Had all your goodly lineaments, possest with shaking feare;
And neuer had your chariot borne, their charge to heauen againe:
But thunder should haue smit you both, had you one Troian slaine.
Both Goddesses let fall their chins, vpon their Iuorie breasts,
Set next to Ioue; contriuing still, afflicted Troyes vnrests:
Pallas for anger could not speake, Saturnia, contrarie,
Could not for anger hold her peace, but made this bold replie;
Not-to-be-suffred Iupiter, what needst thou still enforce
[...] to Iupiter.
Thy matchlesse power? we know it well: But we must yeeld remorse
[Page 114]To them that yeeld vs sacrifice: nor needst thou thus deride
Our kind obedience, nor our griefes, but beare our powers applide
To iust protection of the Greeks; that anger tombe not all
In Troyes foule gulfe of periurie, and let them stand, should fall.
Greeue not (said Ioue) at all done yet: for if thy faire eyes please,
I [...]piter to I [...]no.
This next red morning they shall see, the great Saturnides
Bring more destruction to the Greekes: and Hector shall not cease,
Till he haue rowsed from the Fleet, swift-foot Aeacides:
In that day, when before their ships, for his Patroclus slaine,
The Greekes in great distresse shall fight; for so the Fates ordaine.
I weigh not thy displeased spleene; though to th'extremest bounds
Of earth and seas it carrie thee; where endlesse night confounds
Iapet, and my deiected Sire; who sit so farre beneath,
They neuer see the flying Sunne, nor heare the winds that breath,
Neare to profoundest Tartarus: nor thither if thou went,
Would I take pittie of thy moods, since none more impudent.
To this, she nothing did replie: and now Sols glorious light
Fell to the sea, and to the land, drew vp the drowsie night:
The Troians grieu'd at Phoebus fall, which all the Greeks desir'd:
The Night.
And sable night (so often wisht) to earths firme throne aspir'd.
Hector (intending to consult) neare to the gulfie flood
Farre from the Fleet; led to a place, pure, and exempt from blood,
The Troians forces: from their horse, all lighted, and did heare
Th'Oration Ioue-lou'd Hector made; who held a goodly speare,
Eleuen full cubits long; the head, was brasse, and did reflect
A wanton light before him still; it round about was deckt
With strong hoops of new burnisht gold. On this he leand, and said:
Heare me, my worthie friends of Troy, and you our honord aid;
[...] to his friends.
A little since, I had conceipt, we should haue made retreate,
By light of the inflamed fleet, with all the Greeks escheate;
But darknesse hath preuented vs; and safte, with speciall grace,
These Achiues, and their shore-hal'd fleet. Let vs then render place,
To sacred Night; our suppers dress [...]; and from our chariot free
Our faire-man'd horse, and meate them well: then let there conuoid be,
From forth the citie presently, Oxen, and well fed sheepe;
Sweet wine, and bread; and fell much wood, that all night we may keepe
Vina parant a­nimos.
Plentie of fires, euen till the light, bring forth the louely morne;
And let their brightnesse glase the skies, that night may not suborne
The Greeks escape, if they, for flight, the seas brode backe would take;
At least they may not part with ease; but as retreit they make,
Each man may beare a wound with him, to cure when he comes home,
Made with a shaft or sharpned speare; and others feare to come,
With charge of lamentable warre, gainst souldiers bred in Troy.
Then let our Heralds, through the towne, their offices imploy,
To warne the youth, yet short of warre; and time-white fathers, past;
That in our god-built towres they see, strong courts of guard be plac't,
About the wals; and let our Dames, yet flourishing in yeares,
That (hauing beauties to keepe pure) are most inclin'd to feares
[Page 115](Since darknesse in distressefull times, more dreadfull is then light)
Make loftie fires in euery house: and thus, the dangerous night,
Held with strong watch; if th'enemie, haue ambuscadoes laid
Neare to our wals (and therefore seeme, in flight the more dismaid,
Intending a surprise, while we, are all without the towne)
They euery way shall be impugn'd, to euery mans renowne.
Performe all this braue Troian friends: what now I haue to say,
Is all exprest; the chearfull morne, shall other things display;
It is my glorie (putting trust, in Ioue, and other Gods)
That I shall now expulse these dogs, fates sent to our abodes;
Who bring ostents of destinie, and blacke their threatning fleet.
But this night let vs hold strong guards: to morrow we will meet,
(With fierce-made warre) before their ships; and Ile make knowne to all,
If strong Tydides, from their ships, can driue me to their wall,
Or I can pierce him with my sword; and force his bloudy spoile;
The wished morne shall shew his powre, if he can shun his foile,
I running on him with my Lance; I thinke when day ascends,
He shall lie wounded with the first, and by him many friends.
O that I were as sure to liue, immortall, and sustaine
No frailties, with increasing yeares, but euermore remaine
Ador'd like Pallas, or the Sunne; as all doubts die in me,
That heauens next light shall be the last, the Greekes shall euer see.
This speech all Troians did applaud; who from their traces losde
Their sweating horse; which seuerally with headstals they reposde,
And fastned by their chariots; when others brought from towne,
Fat sheepe and oxen, instantly; bread, wine; and hewed downe
Huge store of wood: the winds transferd, into the friendly skie,
Their suppers sauour; to the which, they sate delightfully,
And spent all night in open field; fires round about them shinde;
As when about the siluer Moone, when aire is free from winde,
And stars shine cleare; to whose sweete beames, high prospects, and the brows
Igne. Trolanorū [...] similes.
Of all steepe hils and pinnacles, thrust vp themselues for showes;
And euen the lowly vallies ioy, to glitter in their sight,
When the vnmeasur'd firmament, bursts to disclose her light,
And all the signes in heauen are seene, that glad the shepheards hart;
So many fires disclosde their beames, made by the Troian part,
Before the face of Ilion; and her bright turrets show'd.
A thousand courts of guard kept fires: and euery guard allow'd
Fiftie stout men, by whom their horse, eate oates and hard white corne,
And all did wilfully expect, the siluer-throned morne.
The end of the eighth Booke.


TO Agamemnon (vrging hopelesse flight)
Stand Diomed, and Nestor opposite:
By Nestors counsell, Legats are dismist,
To Thetis sonne, who still denies t'assist.
Another Argument.
Iota sings the Ambassie,
And great Achilles sterne replie.
SO held the Troians sleeplesse guard; the Greeks to flight were giuen:
The feeble consort of cold feare (strangely infusde from heauen)
Griefe, not to be endur'd, did wound, all Greeks of greatest worth.
And as two laterall-sited winds (the West wind and the North)
Meete at the Thracian seas blacke breast; ioyne in a sodaine blore;
Tumble together the darke waues, and powre vpon the shore
A mightie deale of froth and weed, with which men manure ground:
So Ioue and Troy did driue the Greeks, and all their minds confound:
But Agamemnon most of all, was tortur'd at his heart,
Who to the voicefull Heralds went, and bad them cite, apart,
Each Grecian leader seuerally, not openly proclaime;
In which he labourd with the first: and all together came.
They sadly sate; the king arose, and pour'd out teares as fast
As from a loftie rocke, a spring, doth his blacke waters cast.
And deeply [...]ghing, thus bespake, the Achiues; O my friends,
Agamemnon to the Greeks.
Princes and leaders of the Greeks; heauens aduerse king extends
His wrath, with too much detriment, to my so iust designe;
Since he hath often promist me, and bound it with the signe
Of his bent forehead, that this Troy, our vengefull hands should race,
And safe returne: yet now ingag'd, he plagues vs with disgrace;
When all our trust to him hath drawne, so much bloud from our friends.
My glorie, nor my brothers wreake, were the proposed ends,
For which he drew you to these toiles; but your whole countries shame,
Which had bene huge, to beare the rape, of so diuine a Dame,
Made in despite of our reuenge: and yet not that had mou'd
Our powres to these designes, if Io [...]e, had not our drifts approu'd;
Which since we see he did for bloud; tis desperate fight in vs
To striue with him; then let vs flie: tis flight he vrgeth thus.
[Page 117]Long time still silence held them all; at last did Diomed rise:
Atrides, I am first must crosse, thy indiscreet aduise,
Diomed to Aga­memnon: and takes fit time to answer his wrōg done by Aga­memnon in the fourth booke.
As may become me, being a king, in this our martiall court.
Be not displeasd then: for thy selfe, didst broadly misreport
In open field my fortitude, and cald me faint and weake;
Yet I was silent, knowing the time; loth any rites to breake,
That appertaind thy publicke rule: yet all the Greekes knew well
(Of euery age) thou didst me wrong. As thou then didst refell
My valour first of all the hoast, as of a man dismaid:
So now, with fit occasion giuen, I first blame thee afraid.
Inconstant Saturnes son hath giuen, inconstant spirits to thee;
And with a scepter ouer all, an eminent degree:
But with a scepters soueraigne grace, the chiefe powre, Fortitude,
(To bridle thee) he thought not best, thy breast should be endude.
Vnhappie king, think'st thou the Greeks, are such a silly sort,
And so excessiue impotent, as thy weake words import?
If thy mind moue thee to be gone; the way is open, go:
Mycenian ships enow ride neare, that brought thee to this wo;
The rest of Greece will stay, nor stirre, till Troy be ouercome,
With full euersion; or if not, but (doters of their home)
Will put on wings to flie with thee; my selfe and Sthenelus
Will fight, till (trusting fauouring Ioue) we bring home Troy with vs.
This, all applauded, and admir'd, the spirit of Diomed;
Nestor approues Diomeds coun­sell, and goes further.
When Nestor (rising from the rest) his speech thus seconded:
Tydides, thou art (questionlesse) our strongest Greeke, in warre,
And grauest in thy counsels too, of all that equall are
In place with thee, and stand on strength; Nor is there any one
Can blame, or contradict thy speech: And yet thou hast not gone
So farre, but we must further go; th'art yong, and well mightst be
My yongest sonne, though still I yeeld, thy words had high degree
Of wisedome in them to our king; since well they did become
Their right in question, and refute, inglorious going home;
But I (well knowne thy senior far) will speake, and handle all
Yet to propose: which none shall checke; no not our Generall.
A hater of societie, vniust, and wilde is he,
That loues intestine warre; being stuft, with manlesse crueltie:
And therefore in perswading peace, and home-flight, we the lesse
May blame our Generall; as one lothe, to wrap in more distresse
His loued souldiers: but because, they brauely are resolu'd
To cast liues after toyles, before, they part in shame inuolu'd;
Prouide we for our honourd stay; obey blacke night, and fall
Now to our suppers; then appoint, our guards without the wall,
And in the bottome of the dike; which guards I wish may stand
Of our braue youth. And (Atreus son) since thou art in command
Before our other Kings; be first, in thy commands effect:
It well becomes thee; since tis both, what all thy Peeres expect;
And in the royall right of things, is no impaire to thee;
Nor shall it stand with lesse then right, that they inuited be
[Page 118]To supper by thee; all thy tents, are amply stor'd with wine,
Brought dayly in Greeke ships from Thrace; and to this grace of thine
Vinum Thraciū
All necessaries thou hast fit, and store of men to wait;
And many meeting there; thou maist, heare euery mans conceit,
And take the best: it much concernes, all Greekes to vse aduise
Of grauest nature; since, so neare, our ships, our enemies
Haue lighted such a sort of fires: with which, what man is ioyd?
Looke, how all beare themselues this night, so liue, or be destroyd.
All heard, and followd his aduice: there was appointed then
Seuen Captaines of the watch, who forth, did march with all their men.
Se [...]en Captaines of the watch, and their names.
The first was famous Thrasymed, aduicefull Nestors sonne;
Ascalaphus and Ialmen, and mightie Merion;
Alphareus and Deipyrus, and louely Lycomed;
Old Creons ioy: These seuen bold Lords, an hundred souldiers led
In euery seuerd company; and euery man his pike:
Some placed on the rampires top, and some amidst the dike:
All fires made, and their suppers tooke: Atrides to his tent
Inuited all the Peeres of Greece; and food sufficient
Apposde before them; and the Peeres, apposde their hands to it.
Hunger and thirst being quickly quencht, to counsell still they sit.
And first spake Nestor, who they thought, of late, aduisde so well,
A father graue, and rightly wise, who thus his tale did tell.
Most high Atrides, since in thee, I haue intent to end,
Nestor to [...].
From thee will I begin my speech, to whom Ioue doth commend
The Empire of so many men, and puts into thy hand
A Scepter, and establisht [...]awes, that thou mayst well command
And counsell all men vnder thee. It therefore doth behoue
Thy selfe to speake most, since of all, thy speeches most will moue;
And yet to heare as well as speake: and then performe as well
A free iust counsell; in thee still, must sticke, what others tell.
For me; what in my iudgement stands, the most conuenient
I will aduise; and am assur'd, aduice more competent
Shall not be giuen: the generall proofe, that hath before bene made
Of what I speake, confirmes me still; and now may well perswade,
Because I could not then, yet ought, when thou (most royall King)
Euen from the tent, Achilles loue, didst violently bring,
Against my counsell, vrging thee, by all meanes to relent:
But you (obeying your high mind) would venture the euent,
Dishonoring our ablest Greeke, a man th'immortals grace:
Againe, yet let's deliberate, to make him now embrace
Affection to our generall good, and bring his force to field:
Both which, kind words and pleasing gifts, must make his vertues yeeld.
O father (answered the King) my wrongs thou tell'st me right;
Agam [...]non to Ne [...]or.
Mine owne offence, mine owne tongue grants; one man must stand in fight
For our whole armie; him I wrongd, him Ioue loues from his hart:
He shewes it in thus honoring him; who liuing thus apart,
Proues vs but number: for his want, makes all our weaknesse seene:
Yet after my confest offence, soothing my humorours spleene,
[Page 119]Ile sweeten his affects againe, with presents infinite,
Which (to approue my firme intent) Ile openly recite;
Gifts offered to Achilles.
Seuen sacred Tripods free from fire, ten talents of fine gold,
Twentie bright caldrons, twelue yong horse, well shap't and well controld,
And victors too, for they haue wonne, the price at many a race:
That man should not be poore, that had, but what their winged pace
Hath added to my treasury; nor feele sweet golds defect.
Seuen Lesbian Ladies he shall haue, that were the most select,
And in their needles rarely skild: whom (when he tooke the towne
Of famous Lesbos) I did chuse; who wonne the chiefe renowne,
For beautie from their whole faire sexe; amongst whom Ile resigne
Faire Brysis; and I deeply sweare (for any fact of mine
That may discourage her receit) she is vntoucht, and rests
As he resign'd her. To these gifts (if Ioue to our requests
Vouchsafe performance, and affoord, the worke for which we waite;
Of winning Troy) with brasse and gold, he shall his nauie freight;
And (entring when we be at spoile) that princely hand of his
Shall chuse him twentie Troian Dames, excepting Tyndaris,
The fairest Pergamus infolds: and if we make retreat
To Argos (cald of all the world, the Nauill, or chiefe seat)
He shall become my sonne in law, and I will honour him
Euen as Orestes, my sole sonne, that doth in honours swim.
Three daughters in my wel-built court, vnmarried are, and faire;
Laodice, Chrysothemis, that hath the golden haire,
And Iphianassa: of all three, the worthiest let him take
All ioynturelesse, to Peleus Court: I will her ioyncture make;
And that so great, as neuer yet, did any maide preferre;
Seuen cities right magnificent, I will bestow on her:
Enope, and Cardamile; Hyra for herbes renownd;
The faire Aepaea, Pedasus, that doth with grapes abound:
Antaea, girded with greene meades: Phera, surnam'd Diuine;
All whose bright turrets, on the seas, in sandie Pylos shine:
Th'inhabitants in flockes and heards, are wondrous confluent;
Who like a God will honour him, and him with gifts present;
And to his throne will contribute, what tribute he will rate;
All this I gladly will performe, to pacifie his hate:
Let him be milde and tractable: tis for the God of ghosts
To be vnrul'd, implacable, and seeke the bloud of hoasts;
Whom therefore men do much abhorre: then let him yeeld to me;
I am his greater, being a King, and more in yeares then he.
Braue King (said Nestor) these rich gifts, must make him needs relent:
Nestor makes choice of Am­bassadors to A­chilles.
Chuse then fit legates instantly, to greete him at his Tent;
But stay, admit my choice of them; and let them strait be gone:
Ioue-loued Phoenix shall be chiefe; then Aiax Telamon,
And Prince Vlyssès; and on them, let these two heralds wait,
Graue Odius and Euribates. Come Lords, take water strait,
Make pure your hands; and with sweet words, appease Achilles mind;
Which we will pray, the king of Gods, may gently make inclin'd.
[Page 120]All lik't his speech, and on their hands, the Heralds water shed:
The youths, crownd cups of sacred wine, to all distributed:
But, hauing sacrific'd and drunke, to euerie mans content,
(With many notes by Nestor giuen) the Legats forwards went:
With courtship in fit gestures vsd, he did prepare them well,
But most Vlysses; for his grace, did not so much excell:
Such [...]ites beseeme Ambassadors: and Nestor vrged these,
That their most honours might reflect, enrag'd Aeacides.
They went along the shore, and praid, the God that earth doth bind
In brackish chaines, they might not faile, but bow his mightie mind.
The quarter of the Myrmidons, they reacht, and found him set
Delighted with his solemne harpe, which curiously was fret
Achilles at his Ha [...]pe.
With workes conceited, through the verge: the bawdricke that embrac't
His loftie necke, was siluer twist: this (when his hand laid waste
Actions citie) he did chuse, as his especiall prise,
A [...]illes loue of Musicke.
And (louing sacred musicke well) made it his exercise:
To it he sung the glorious deeds, of great Heroes dead,
Himselfe sings the deeds of Heroes.
And his true mind, that practise faild, sweet contemplation fed.
With him alone, and opposite; all silent sat his friend,
Attentiue, and beholding him, who now his song did end.
Th'Ambassadors did forwards preasse, renown'd Vlysses led,
And stood in view: their sodaine sight, his admiration bred;
Who with his harpe and all arose: so did Menetius sonne
When he beheld them: their receipt, Achilles thus begun.
Health to my Lords: right welcome men, assure your selues you be;
Achilles gentle receit of Vlysses, A [...]ax, &c.
Though some necessitie I know, doth make you visite me,
Incenst with iust cause gainst the Greeks. This said, a seuerall seate
With purple cushions he set forth, and did their ease intreate:
And said, Now friend, our greatest bolle, with wine vnmixt, and neate,
Appose these Lords; and of the depth, let euerie man make proofe:
These are my best-esteemed friends, and vnderneath my roofe.
Patroclus did his deare friends will: and he that did desire
Principes ips [...] [...] munera obeunt, vt alibi.
To cheare the Lords (come faint from fight) set on a blasing fire
A great brasse pot, and into it, a chine of mu [...]ton put,
And fat Goates flesh: Automedon, held, while he peeces cut
To rost and boile, right cunningly: then of a well fed swine,
A huge fat shoulder he cuts out, and spits it wondrous fine;
His good friend made a goodly fire: of which the force once past,
He laid the spit low, neare the coales, to make it browne at last:
Then sprinkled it with sacred salt, and tooke it from the rackes:
This rosted and on dresser set, his friend Patroclus takes
Bread in faire baskets; which set on, Achilles brought the meate;
And to diuinest Ithacus, tooke his opposed seate
Vpon the bench: then did he will, his friend to sacrifice;
Sacrifice before meate.
Who cast sweet incense in the fire, to all the Deities.
Thus fell they to their readie food: hunger and thirst allaid,
Aiax to Phenix made a signe, as if too long they staid,
Before they told their Legacie. Vlysses saw him winke,
[Page 121]And (filling the great boule with wine) did to Achilles drinke.
Health to Achilles; but our plights, stand not in need of meate,
[...] [...].
Who late supt at Atrides tent, though for thy loue we eate
Of many things, whereof a part, would make a compleat feast:
Nor can we ioy in these kind rites, that haue our hearts opprest
(O Prince) with feare of vtter spoile: tis made a question now
If we can saue our fleet or not, vnlesse thy selfe endow
Thy powers with wonted fortitude: now Troy and her consorts,
Bold of thy want, haue pitcht their tents, close to our fleet and forts;
And made a firmament of fires; and now no more they say
Will they be prison'd in their wals, but force their violent way
Euen to our ships; and Io [...]e himselfe, hath with his lightnings showd
Their bold adu [...]ntures happie signes; and Hector growes so prowd
Of his huge strength, borne out by Ioue, that fearfully he raues;
Presuming neither men nor Gods, can interrupt his braues.
Wilde rage inuades him, and he prayes, that soone the sacred morne
Would light his furie; boasting then, our streamers shall be torne,
And all our nauall ornaments, fall by his conquering stroke;
Our ships shall burne, and we our selues, lie stifl'd in the smoke.
And I am seriously affraid, heauen will performe his threats;
And that tis fatall to vs all, farre from our natiue seates
To perish in victorious Troy: but rise, though it be late,
D [...]liuer the afflicted Greeks, from Troyes tumultuous hate.
It will hereafter be thy griefe, when no strength can suffise
To remedie th'effected threats, of our calamities;
Consider these affaires in time, while thou maist vse thy powre,
And haue the grace to turne, from Greece, fates vnrecouered houre.
O friend? thou knowest, thy royall Sire, forewarnd what should be done,
That day he sent thee from his Court, to honour Atreus sonne:
My sonne (said he) the victory, let Ioue and Pallas vse
At their high pleasures; but do thou, no honor'd meanes refuse
That may aduance her; in fit bounds, containe thy mightie mind;
Nor let the knowledge of thy strength, be factiously inclind,
Contriuing mischiefes; be to fame, and generall good profest;
The more will all sorts honour thee; Benignitie is best.
Thus charg'd thy sire, which thou forgetst: yet now those thoughts appease
That torture thy great spirit with wrath: which if thou wilt surcease,
The King will merit it with gifts; (and if thou wilt giue eare)
Ile tell how much he offers thee, yet thou sitst angrie here.
Seuen Tripods that no fire must touch; twise ten pans fit for flame:
Ten talents of fine gold; twelue horse, that euer ouercame,
And brought huge prises from the field, with swiftnes of their feete:
That man should beare no poore account, nor want golds quickning sweete,
That had but what he won with them: seuen worthiest Lesbian Dames,
Renown'd for skill in houfwifrie, and beare the soueraigne fames,
For beautie, from their generall sexe; which at thy ouerthrow
Of wel-built Lesbos he did chuse; and these he will bestow;
And with these, her he tooke from thee, whom (by his state since then)
[Page 122]He sweares he toucht not, as faire Dames, vse to be toucht by men.
All these are readie for thee now: and if at length we take,
By helpes of Gods, this wealthie towne, thy ships shall burthen make
Of gold and brasse at thy desires, when we the spoile diuide:
And twentie beautious Troian Dames, thou shalt select beside,
(Next Hellen) the most beautifull; and (when return'd we be
To Argos) be his sonne in law: for he will honour thee
Like his Oresles, his sole sonne, maintaind in height of blisse:
Three daughters beautifie his Court, the faire Chrysothemis,
Laodice, and Iphianesse; of all, the fairest take
To Peleus thy graue fathers Court, and neuer ioynture make:
He will the iointure make himselfe, so great, as neuer Sire
Gaue to his daughters nuptials: seuen cities left entire;
Cardamile, and Enope, and Hyra full of flowers;
Anthaea, for sweet meadowes praisd; and Phera, deckt with towers;
The bright Epea; Pedassus, that doth God Bacchus please,
All on the the Sandie Pylos soyle, are seated neare the seas:
Th'inhabitants, in droues and flocks, exceeding wealthie be,
Who like a God with worthie gifts, will gladly honour thee;
And tribute of esp [...]iall rate, to thy high scepter pay:
All this he freely will performe, thy anger to allay.
But if thy hate to him be more, then his gifts may represse,
Yet pittie all the other Greeks, in such extreme distresse;
Who with religion honour thee: and to their desperate ill,
Thou shalt triumphant glorie bring; and Hector thou maist kill,
When pride makes him encounter thee: fild with a banefull sprite,
Who vaunts, our whole-fleet brought not one, equall to him in fight.
Swift-foot Aeacides replide: Diuine Laertes sonne,
Achilles answers Vlysses Oration.
T'is requisite I should be short, and shew what place hath wonne
Thy serious speech: affirming nought, but what you shall approue
Establisht in my settled heart; that in the rest I moue
No murmure nor exception: for like hell mouth I loath,
Who holds not in his words and thoughts, one indistinguisht troth.
What fits the freenesse of my mind, my speech shall make displaid;
Not Atreus sonne, nor all the Gr [...]eks, shall winne me to their aid:
Their suite is wretchedly enforc't, to free their owne despaires;
And my life neuer shall be hir'd, with thanklesse desperate praires:
For neuer had I benefite, that euer foild the foe;
Euen share hath he that keepes his tent, and he to field doth go;
With equall honour cowards die, and men most valiant:
The muc [...] performer, and the man, that can of no [...]hing vant.
No ouerplus I euer found, when with my minds most strife,
To do them good, to dangerous fight, I haue exposd my life.
But euen as to vnfeatherd birds, the carefull dam brings meate,
Which when she hath bestow'd, her selft, hath nothing left to eat:
So when my broken sleepes haue drawne, the nights t'extremest length;
And ended many bloodie daies, with still-employed strength,
To guard their weaknesse: and preserue, their wiues contents infract;
[Page 123]I haue bene robd before their eyes; twelue cities I haue sackt,
Assaild by sea; eleuen by land, while this siege held at Troy:
And of all these, what was most deare, and most might crowne the ioy
Of Agamemnon, he enioyd; who here behind remaind:
Which when he tooke, a few he gaue, and many things retaind:
Other, to Optimates and Kings, he gaue, who hold them fast;
Yet mine he forceth; onely I, sit with my losse disgrac't.
But so he gaine a louely Dame, to be his beds delight,
It is enough; for what cause else, do Greeks and Troians fight?
Why brought he hither such an hoast? was it not for a Dame?
For faire-hair'd Hellen? and doth loue, alone the hearts inflame
Of the Atrides to their wiues, of all the men that moue?
Euery discreet and honest mind, cares for his priuate loue,
As much as they: as I my selfe, lou'd Brysis as my life,
Although my captiue; and had will, to take her for my wife:
Whom, since he forc't, preuenting me; in vaine he shall prolong
Hopes to appease me, that know well, the deepnesse of my wrong.
But good Vlysses, with thy selfe, and all you other Kings,
Let him take stomacke to repell, Troyes firie threatenings:
Much hath he done without my helpe; built him a goodly fort,
Cut a dike by it, pitcht with pales, broad, and of deepe import:
And cannot all these helpes represse, this kil-man Hectors fright?
When I was arm'd amongst the Greekes, he would not offer fight
Without the shadow of his wals; but to the Scaean ports,
Or to the holy Beech of Ioue, come backt, with his consorts;
Where once he stood my charge alone, and hardly made retreat;
And to make new proofe of our powers, the doubt is not so great.
To morrow then with sacrifice, perform'd t'imperiall Ioue
And all the Gods, Ile lanch my fleet, and all my men remoue;
Which (if thou wilt vse so thy sight, or think'st it worth respect)
In forehead of the morne thine eyes, shall see with sailes erect
Amidst the fishie Hellespont, helpt with laborious oares:
And if the sea-god send free saile, the fruitfull Pthian shores
Within three dayes we shall attaine; where I haue store of prise,
Left, when with preiudice I came, to these indignities;
There haue I gold as well as here, and store of ruddie brasse,
Dames slender, elegantly girt, and steele as bright as glasse;
These will I take as I retire, as shares I firmly saue;
Though Agamemnon be so base, to take the gifts he gaue.
Tell him all this, and openly; I on your honors charge,
That others may take shame to heare, his lusts command so large:
And if there yet remaine a man, he hopeth to deceiue,
(Being dide in endlesse impudence) that man may learne to leaue
His trust and Empire: but alas, though like a wolfe he be,
Shamelesse and rude; he durst not take, my prise, and looke on me.
I neuer will partake his works, nor counsels, as before;
He once deceiu'd, and iniur'd me, and he shall neuer more
Tie my affections with his words; enough is the increase
[Page 124]Of one successe in his deceits; which let him ioy in peace,
And beare it to a wretched end; wise Io [...]e hath reft his braine,
To bring him plagues; and these his gifts, I (as my foes) disdaine:
Euen in the numnesse of calme death, I will reuengefull be,
Though ten or twentie times so much, he would bestow on me:
All he hath here, or any where; or Orchomen containes,
To which men bring their wealth for strength; or all the store remaines
In circuite of Aegyptian Thebes, where much hid treasure lies,
Whose wals containe an hundred ports, of so admir'd a size,
Two hundred souldiers may, afront, with horse and chariots passe.
No [...], would [...]e amplifie all this, like sand, or dust, or grasse;
Should he reclaime me, till his wreake, payd me for all the paines,
That with his contumely burnd, like poison in my veines.
[...] [...] and [...] [...] [...] [...] [...]
Nor shall his daughter be my wife, although she might contend
With golden Ven [...]s for her forme; or if she did transcend
Blew-eyd Min [...]a for her works: let him a Greeke select
Fit for her, and a greater King. For if the Gods protect
My safetie to my fathers court, he shall chuse me a wife.
Many faire Achiue Princesses, of vnimpeached life,
In Helle and in Pthia liue, whose Sires do cities hold,
Of whom I can haue whom I will. And more, an hundred [...]old,
My true mind in my countrie likes, to take a lawfull wife,
Then in another nation; and there delight my life
With those goods that my father got, much rather then die here.
Not all the wealth of wel-built Troy, possest when peace was there:
All that Apoll [...]s marble Fane, in stonie Pythos holds,
I value equall with the life, that my free breast infolds.
Sheepe, Oxen, Tripods, crest-deckt horse, though lost, may come againe:
But when the white guard of our teeth, no longer can containe
Our humane soule, away it flies; and once gone, neuer more
To her fraile mansion any man, can her lost powres restore.
And therefore since my mother-queene (fam'd for her siluer feet)
Told me two fates about my death, in my direction meet:
The one, that if I here remaine, t'assist our victorie,
My safe returne shall neuer liue, my fame shall neuer die:
If my returne obtaine successe, much of my fame decayes,
But death shall linger his approach, and I liue many dayes.
This being reueal'd, twere foolish pride, t'abridge my life for praise.
Then with my selfe, I will aduise, others to hoise their saile;
For, gainst the height of Ilion, you neuer shall preuaile:
Ioue with his hand protecteth it, and makes the souldiers bold.
This tell the King in euery part: for so graue Legates should;
That they may better counsels vse, to saue their fleet and friends
By their owne valours; since this course, drown'd in my anger ends.
Phoenix may in my tent repose; and, in the mo [...]e, stere course
For Pthia, if he thinke it good; if not, Ile vse no force.
All wondred at his sterne reply; and Ph [...]nix full of feares,
His words would be more weake then iust, supplide their wants with teares.
[Page 125]If thy returne incline thee thus, (Peleus renowned ioy)
And thou wilt let our ships be burnd, with harmfull fire of Troy,
Phoenix Ora­tion to A [...]hilles.
Since thou art angrie, O my sonne; how shall I after be
Alone in these extremes of death, relinquished by thee?
I, whom thy royall father sent, as orderer of thy force,
When to Atrides from his Court, he left thee, for this course;
Yet young, and when in skill of armes, thou didst not so abound;
Nor hadst the habite of discourse, that makes men so renownd:
In all which, I was set by him, t'instruct thee as my sonne,
That thou mightst speake when speech was fit, and do, when deeds were done;
Not sit as dumbe, for want of words; idle, for skill to moue:
I would not then be left by thee; deare sonne, begot in loue;
No not if God would promise me, to raze the prints of time
Caru'd in my bosome, and my browes; and grace me with the prime
Of manly youth, as when at first, I left sweet Helles shore
Deckt with faire Dames, and fled the grudge, my angrie father bore;
Who was the faire Amyntor cald, surnam'd Ormenides:
Mor [...]m [...] obseruat, qu [...] de prateritis libe [...] ­ter solent me­minisse.
And for a faire-haird harlots sake, that his affects could please,
Contemnd my mother his true wife; who ceaslesse vrged me
To vse his harlot Clytia, and still would claspe my knee
To do her will; that so my Site, might turne his loue to hate
Of that lewde Dame; conuerting it, to comfort her esta [...].
At last, I was content to proue, to do my mother good,
And reconcile my fathers loue; who straight suspitious stood,
Pursuing me with many a curse, and to the Furies praide
No Dame might loue, nor bring me seed: the Deities obayd
That gouerne hell: infernall Ioue, and sterne Persephone.
Then durst I in no longer date, with my sterne fatherbe:
Yet did my friends, and neare allies: enclose me with desires
Not to depart: kild sheepe, bores, beeues; rost them at solemne fires:
And from my fathers tuns we drunke, exceeding store of wine.
Nine ni [...]hts they guarded me by turns; their fires did ceaslesse shine,
One in the porch of his strong hall, and in the portall one,
Before my chamber: but when day, beneath the tenth night shone,
I brake my chambers thick-fram'd dores, and through the hals guard past,
Vnseene of any man or maide. Through Greece, then rich, and vast,
I fled to Pthia, nurse of sheepe: and came to Peleus Court,
Who entertaind me heartily, and in as gracious sort
As any Sire his onely sonne; borne when his strength is spent,
And blest with great possessions, to leaue to his descent.
He made me rich, and to my charge, did much command commend:
I dwelt in th'vt most region, rich Pthia doth extend;
And gouernd the Dolopians; and made thee what thou a [...],
O thou that like the Gods art fram'd: since (dearest to my heart)
I vsde thee so, thou lou'dst none else; nor any where wouldst eate,
Till I had crownd my knee with theee, and karu'd thee tenderst meate,
And giuen thee wine so much, for loue, that in thy infancie
(Which still discretion must protect, and a continuall eye)
[...] [...] [...] [...] [...] [...] [...] [...]
My bosome louingly sustain'd; the wine thine could not beare:
Then, now my strength needs thine as much, be mine to thee as deare;
Much haue I sufferd for thy loue, much labour'd, wished much;
Thinking since I must haue no heire, (the Gods decrees are such)
I would adopt thy selfe my heire: to thee my heart did giue
What any Sire could giue his sonne; in thee I hop't to liue:
O mitigate thy mightie spirits: it fits not one that moues
The hearts of all, to liue vnmou'd, and succour hates, for loues:
The Gods themselues are flexible, whose vertues, honors, powers,
Are more then thine: yet they will bend, their breasts as we bend ours.
Perfumes, benigne deuotions, sauors of offrings burnd,
And holy rites, the engines are, with which their hearts are turnd,
By men that pray to them; whose faith, their sinnes haue falsified:
For, prayers are daughters of great Ioue; lame, wrinkled, ruddie eyd,
Prayers, how necessary and helpful: if shund or neglected, how wreakefull.
And euer following iniury; who (strong and sound of feet)
Flies through the world, afflicting men: beleeuing prayers, yet
(To all that loue that seed of Ioue) the certaine blessing get
Ioues daughters, and cald Lit [...].
To haue Ioue heare, and helpe them too: but if he shall refuse,
And stand inflexible to them, they flie to Ioue, and vse
Their powres against him; that the wrongs, he doth to them, may fall
On his owne head, and pay those paines, whose cure he failes to call.
Then great Achille [...] honour thou, this sacred seed of Ioue,
And yeeld to them; since other men, of greatest minds they moue:
If Agamemnon would not giue, the selfe same gifts he vowes,
But offer other afterwards; and in his stil-bent browes
Entombe his honour and his word; I would not thus exhort
(With wrath appeasde) thy aide to Greece, though plagu'd in heauiest sort:
But, much he presently will giue; and after, yeeld the rest:
T'assure which, he hath sent to thee, the men thou louest best,
And most renownd of all the hoast, that they might soften thee:
Then let not both their paines and prayers, lost and despised be.
Before which, none could reprehend, the tumult of thy heart:
But now to rest inexpiate, were much too rude a part.
Of ancient worthies we haue heard, when they were more displeasde,
(To their high fames) with gifts and prayers, they haue bene still appeasde.
For instance, I remember well, a fact perform'd of old,
Which to you all my friends Ile tell: The Curets warres did hold
Another narra­tion, de bello Aetolico.
With the well-fought Etolians; where mutuall liues had end
About the citie Calidon; th'Etolians did defend
Their flourishing countrie; which to spoile, the Curets did contend.
Diana with the golden throne (with Oeneus much incenc't,
Since with his plenteous lands first fruits, she was not reuerenc't;
Yet other Gods, with Hecatombes, had feasts; and she alone,
(Great Ioues bright daughter) left vnseru'd; or by obliuion,
Or vndue knowledge of her dues) much hurt in heart she swore:
And she enrag'd, excited much: she sent a syluan Bore
From their greene groues, with wounding tuskes, who vsually did spoile
Aper Calidonius
King Oeneus fields: his loftie woods, layd prostrate on the soile;
[Page 127]Rent by the roots, trees fresh, adornd, with fragrant apple flow'rs:
Which Meleager (Oeneus sonne) slue with assembled pow'rs
Of hunters, and of fiercest hounds; from many cities brought:
For, such he was, that with few liues, his death could not be bought;
Heapes of dead humanes, by his rage, the funerall piles applide:
Yet (slaine at last) the Goddesse stird, about his head, and hide
A wondrous tumult; and a warre, betwixt the Curets wrought
And braue Aetolians: all the while, fierce Meleager fought,
Ill far'd the Curets: neare the wals, none durst aduance his crest
Though they were many: but when wrath, inflam'd his hautie brest,
(Which oft the firme mind of the wise, with passion doth infest)
Since twixt his mother Queene and him, arose a deadly strife;
He left the Court, and priuately, liu'd with his lawfull wife:
Faire Cleopatra, femall birth, of bright Marpissas paine,
And of Idaeus; who, of all, terrestriall men, did raigne
(At that time) king of fortitude; and, for Marpissas sake,
Gainst wanton Phoebus, king o [...] flames, his bow in hand did take,
Since he had rauisht her, his ioy; whom her friends, after, gaue
The surname of Alcyone; because they could not saue
Their daughter from Alcyones Fate: in Cleopatr as armes
Lay Meleager, feeding on, his anger for the harmes
His mother praid might fall on him; who, for her brother slaine
By Meleager, grieu'd, and praid, the Gods to wreake her paine,
With all the horror could be pour'd, vpon her furious birth:
Still knockt she, with her impious hands, the many-feeding earth,
To vrge sterne Pluto and his Queene, t'incline their vengefull eares;
Fell on her knees, and all her breast, dewd with her fierie teares
To make them massacre her sonne; whose wrath enrag'd her thus.
Erynnis (wandring through the aire) heard, out of Erebus,
Pray'rs, fit for her vnpleased mind; yet Meleager lay,
Obscurd in furie; then the bruit, of the tumultuous [...]ray,
Rung through the turrets as they scal'd; then came the Aetolian Pee [...]es,
To Meleager with low suits, to rise and free their feares:
Then sent they the chiefe Priests of Gods, with offered gifts t'attone
His differing fu [...]ie; bad him ch [...], in sweet-soild Calidon,
Of the most fat and yeeldie soile, what with an hundred steares,
Might in a hundred dayes be plowde; halfe, that rich vintage beares,
And halfe of naked earth to plow: yet yeelded not his ire.
Then to his loftie chamber dore, ascends his royall Sire
With ruthfull plaints: shooke the strong barres; then came his sisters cries,
His mother then, and all intreate: yet still more stiffe he lies:
His friends, most reuerend, most esteem'd; yet none impression tooke,
Till the high turrets where he lay, and his strong chamber shooke
With the inuading enemie: who now forc't dreadfull way
Along the cittie: then his wife (in pittifull dismay)
Besought him weeping: telling him, the miseries sustaind
By all the citizens, whose towne, the enemie had gaind;
Men slaughterd, children bondslaues made; sweet Ladies forc't with l [...]st:
[Page 128]Fires climing towres, and turning them, to heapes of fruitlesse dust.
These dangers softned his steele heart: vp the stout Prince arose,
Indude his bodie with rich armes, and freed th'Aetolians woes:
His smotherd anger giuing aire, which gifts did not asswage,
But his owne perill. And because, he did not dis-ingage
Their liues for gifts, their gifts he lost. But for my sake (deare friend)
Be not thou bent to see our plights, to these extremes descend,
Ere thou assist vs; be not so, by thy ill angell, turnd
From thine owne honor: it were shame, to see our nauie burnd,
And then come with thy timelesse aide. For offerd presents come,
And all the Greeks will honour thee, as of celestiall roome.
But if without these gifts thou fight, forc't by thy priuate woe,
Thou wilt be nothing so renown'd, though thou repell the foe▪
Achilles answerd the last part, of this oration, thus:
Achilles to Phoenix.
Phoenix, renown'd and reuerend; the honors vrgde on vs
We need not; Ioue doth honor me, and to my safetie sees,
And will whiles I retaine a spirit, or can command my knees.
Then do not thou, with teares and woes, impassion my affects,
Becoming gracious to my foe: nor fits it the respects
Of thy vowd loue, to honor him, that hath dishonord me;
Lest such loose kindnesse lose his heart, that yet is firme to thee.
It were thy praise to hurt, with me, the hurter of my state;
Since halfe my honor and my Realme, thou maist participate.
Let these Lords then returne th'euent; and do thou here repose;
And when darke sleepe breakes with the day; our counsels shall disclose
The course of our returne or stay. This said, he with his eye
Made to his friend, a couert signe, to hasten instantly
A good soft bed, that the old Prince, soone as the Peeres were gone,
Might take his rest; when souldier-like, braue Aiax Telamon
Spake to Vlysses, as with thought; Achilles was not worth
The high direction of his speech; that stood so sternly forth,
Vnmou'd with th'Orators: and spake, not to appease
Pelides wrath, but to depart: his arguments were these:
High-issued Laertiades? let vs insist no more
Ai [...]x souldier­like speech and fashion.
On his perswasion; I perceiue, the world wo [...]d end before
Our speeches end, in this affaire: we must with vtmost haste
Returne his answer, though but bad: the Peeres are else-where plac't,
And will not rise till we returne; great Thetis sonne hath stor'd
Prowd wrath within him, as his wealth, and will not be implor'd;
Rude that he is; nor his friends loue, respects, do what they can:
Wherein past all, we honourd him. O vnremorsefull man!
Another for his brother slaine, another for his sonne,
Accepts of satisfaction: and he the deed hath done
Liues in belou'd societie, long after his amends;
To which, his foes high heart for gifts, with patience condescends:
But thee a wild and cruell spirit, the Gods for plague haue giuen,
And for one girle; of whose fai [...]e sexe, we come to offer seauen,
The most exempt for excellence, and many a better prise.
[Page 129]Then put a sweet mind in thy breast, respect thy owne allies,
Though others make thee not remisse: a multitude we are,
Sprung of thy royall familie, and our supremest ca [...]e
Is to be most familiar, and hold most lou [...] with thee,
Of all the Greeks, how great an host, soeuer here there be.
He answerd; Noble Telamon, Prince of our souldiers here:
Achilles t [...] [...]
Out of thy heart I know thou speakst, and as thou holdst me deare:
But still as often as I thinke, how rudely I was vsd,
And like a stranger for all rites, fit for our good, refusd:
My heart doth swell against the man, that durst be so profane
To violate his sacred place: not for my priuate bane;
But since wrackt vertues generall lawes, he shamelesse did infringe:
For whose sake I will loose the reines, and giue mine anger swinge,
Without my wisedomes least impeach. He is a foole, and base,
That pitties vice-plagu'd minds, when paine, not loue of right giues place.
And therefore tell your king, my Lords, my iust wrath will not care
For all his cares: before my tents, and nauie charged are
By warlike Hector; making way, through flockes of Grecian liues,
Enlightned by their nauall fire: but when his rage arriues
About my tent, and sable barke, I doubt not but to shield
Them and my selfe: and make him flie, the there-strong bounded field.
This said, each one but kist the cup, and to the ships retir'd,
Vlysses first. Patroclus then, the men and maids requi [...]'d
To make graue Phoenix bed with speed, and see he nothing lacks:
They straite obeyd, and thereon laid, the subtile fruite of flax,
And warme sheep-fels for couering: and there the old man slept,
Attending till the golden Morne, her vsuall station kept.
Achilles lay in th'inner roome, of his tent richly wrought;
And that faire Ladie by his side, that he from Lesbos brought,
Bright Diomeda, Phorbas seed: Patroclus did embrace
The beautious Iphis, giuen to him, when his bold friend did race
The loftie Syrus, that was kept, in Enyeius hold.
Now at the tent of Atreus sonne, each man with cups of gold
Agamemnon to Vlysses.
Receiu'd th'Ambassadors returnd; all clusterd neare to know
What newes they brought: which first the king, would haue Vlysses show.
Say most praise-worthie Ithacus; the Grecians great renowne,
Will he defend vs? or not yet, will his prowd stomacke downe?
Vlysses made replie; Not yet, will he appeased be,
Vlysses to Ag [...] ­memnon.
But growes more wrathfull, prizing light, thy offerd gifts and thee;
And wils thee to consult with vs, and take some other course
To saue our armie and our fleete: and sayes, with all his force,
The morne shall light him on his way, to Pthias wished soile:
For neuer shall high-seated Troy, be sackt with all our toile:
loue holds his hand twixt vs and it: the souldiers gather heart.
Thus he replies: which Aiax here, can equally impart,
And both these Heralds: Phoenix stayes, for so was his desire
To go with him, if he thought good; if not, he might retire.
All wondred he should be so sterne: at last bold Diomed spake:
[Page 130]Would God, Atrides, thy request, were yet to vndertake;
Diomed to A­ga [...]non.
And all thy gifts vnofferd him, he's proud enough beside:
But this ambassage thou hast sent, will make him burst with pride.
But let vs suffer him to stay, or go at his desire:
Fight when his stomacke serues him best; or when Ioue shall inspire:
Meane while our watch being strongly held, let vs a little rest
After our food: strength liues by both; and vertue is their guest.
Then, when the rosie-fingerd Morne, holds out her siluer light,
Bring forth thy host, encourage all; and be thou first in fight.
The kings admir'd the fortitude, that so diuinely mou'd
The skilfull horseman Diomed; and his aduice approu'd:
Then with their nightly sacrifice, each toooke his seuerall tent;
Where all receiu'd the soueraigne gifts, soft Somnus did present.
The end of the ninth Booke.


TH'Atrides watching, wake the other Peeres:
And (in the Fort, consulting of their feares)
Two kings they send, most stout, and honord most,
For royall skowts, into the Troian host:
Who meeting Dolon (Hectors bribed Spie)
Take him; and learne, how all the Quarters lie.
He told them, in the Thracian regiment
Of rich king Rhesus, and his royall Tent;
Striuing for safetie; but they end his strife,
And rid poore Dolon, of a dangerous life.
Then with digressiue wyles, they [...] their force
On Rhesus life, and take his sno [...]e horse.
Another Argument.
Kappa the Night exploits applies;
Rhesus and Dolons tragedies.
THe other Princes at their ships, soft fingerd sleepe did bind,
But not the Generall; Somnus silkes, bound not his laboring mind,
Aga [...]nons cares.
That turnd, and returnd, many thoughts. And as quicke lightnings flie
These are the li [...]htnings be­fore snow, &c. that Scalligers Criti [...] [...] [...] ­worthily [...]; citing the place falsly, as in the 3. bookes annotations, &c
From well-deckt-Iunos soueraigne, out of the thickned skie,
Preparing some exceeding raine, or haile, the fruite of cold:
Or downe-like Snow, that sodainly, makes all the fields looke old;
Or opes the gulfie mouth of warre, with his ensulphur'd hand
In dazling flashes, pour'd from clouds, on any punisht land:
So from Atrides troubled heart, through his darke sorowes, flew
Redoubled sighes: his intrailes shooke, as often as his view
Admir'd the multitude of fires, that gilt the Phrygian shade,
And heard the sounds of fifes, and shawmes, and tumults so [...]ldiers made.
But when he saw his fleet and host, kneele to his care and loue,
He rent his haire vp by the roots, as sacrifice to Ioue:
Burnt in his firie sighes, still breath'd, out of his royall heart;
And first thought good, to Nestors care, his sorowes to impart:
To trie if royall diligence, with his approu'd aduise,
Might fashion counsels, to preuent, their threatned miseries.
So vp he rose, attir'd himselfe, and to his strong feet tide
Aga [...]nons habite rising in the night.
Rich shoes, and cast vpon his backe, a ruddie Lions hide,
So ample, it his ankles reacht: then tooke his royall speare.
He wearing a Lio [...]s hide.
Like him was Menelaus pierc't, with an industrious feare,
[Page 132]Nor sat sweet slumber on his eyes; lest bitter Fates should quite
The Greekes high fauours, that for him, resolu'd such endlesse fight.
[...] a [...]eopards.
And first a freckled Panthers hide, hid his brode backe athwart:
His head, his brasen helme did arme; his able hand his dart;
Then made he all his haste to raise, his brothers head as rare,
That he who most exceld in rule, might helpe t'effect his care.
He found him at his ships crookt-sterne, adorning him with armes;
Who ioyd to see his brothers spirits, awak't without alarmes:
Well weighing th'importance of the time. And first the yonger spake:
Why brother, are ye arming thus? is it to vndertake
Menelaus to Agamemnon.
The sending of some ventrous Greeke, t'explore the foes intent?
Alas I greatly feare, not one, will giue that worke consent,
Exposd alone to all the feares, that flow in gloomie night:
He that doth this, must know death well; in which ends euerie fright.
Brother (said he) in these affaires, we both must vse aduice;
Agamemnon to Menelaus.
Ioue is against vs, and accepts, great Hectors sacrifice;
For I haue neuer seene, nor heard, in one day, and by one,
So many high attempts well vrg'd, as Hectors power hath done
Against the haplesse sons of Greece: being chiefly deare to Ioue;
And without cause; being neither fruite, of any Godesse loue,
Nor helpfull God: and yet I feare, the deepnesse of his hand
Ere it be rac't out of our thoughts, will many yeares withstand.
But brother, hie thee to thy ships, and Idomen disease
With warklike Aiax: I will haste, to graue Neleides;
Exhorting him to rise, and giue, the sacred watch command;
For they will specially embrace, incitement at his hand;
And now his sonne, their captaine is; and Idomens good friend
Bold Merion; to whose discharge, we did that charge commend.
Commandst thou then (his brother askt) that I shall tarrie h [...]re
Attending thy resolu'd approach, or else the message beare
And quickly make returne to thee? He answerd: Rather stay,
Directions for commmand in wars extremity.
Lest otherwise we faile to meete: for many a different way
Lies through our labyrinthian host; speake euer as you go;
Command strong watch; from Sire to sonne, vrge all t'obserue the foe;
Familiarly, and with their praise, exciting euerie eye;
Not with vnseason'd violence, of prowd authoritie.
We must our patience exercise, and worke, our selues with them,
Ioue in our births combin'd such care, to eithers Diadem.
Thus he dismist him, knowing well, his charge before he went,
Himselfe to Nestor, whom he found, in bed within his tent:
N [...]tors armes, and readinesse to vse them.
By him, his damaske curets hung, his shield, a paire of darts;
His shining caske, his arming waste: in these he led the hearts
Of his apt souldiers to sharpe warre, not yeelding to his yeares.
He quickly started from his bed, when to his watchfull eares
Vntimely feet told some approach: he tooke his lance in hand,
And spake to him; Ho, what art thou? that walk'st at midnight? stand;
Is any wanting at the guards? or lack'st thou any Peere?
Speake, come not silent towards me: say what intendst thou heare?
[Page 133]He answerd, O Neleides, graue honour of our host:
[...] to Nestor.
T'is Agamemnon thou maist know, whom Ioue afflicteth most
Of all the wretched men that liue; and will, whilst any breath
Giues motion to my toiled lims, and beares me vp from death.
I walke the round thus, since sweet sleepe, cannot inclose mine eyes,
Nor shut those Organs care breaks ope, for our calamities.
My feare is vehement for the Greeks: my heart (the fount of heate)
With his extreme affects, made cold; without my breast doth beate;
And therefore are my sinewes strooke, with trembling: euerie part
Of what my friends may feele, hath act, in my dispersed heart.
But if thou thinkst of any course, may to our good redound,
(Since neither thou thy selfe canst sleepe) come, walke with me the round;
In way whereof we may confer, and looke to euerie guard:
Lest watching long, and wearinesse, with labouring so hard,
D [...]owne their oppressed memories, of what they haue in charge.
The libertie we giue the foe, (alas) is ouer large;
Their campe is almost mixt with ours; and we haue forth noispies,
To learne their drifts; who may perchance, this night intend surprise.
Graue Nestor answerd: Worthie king, let good hearts beare our ill:
Nestor to Aga­mem [...]n.
Ioue is not bound to perfect all, this busie Hectors will;
But I am confidently giuen, his thoughts are much dismaid
With feare, lest our distresse incite, Achilles to our aide:
And therefore will not tempt his fate, nor ours with further pride.
But I will gladly follow thee, and stirre vp more beside:
Tydides, famous for his lance; Vlysses, Telamon,
And bold Phyleus valiant heire: or else if any one
Would haste to call king Idomen, and Aiax, since their saile
Lie so remou'd; with much good speed, it might our haste auaile.
But (though he be our honord friend,) thy brother I will blame,
Not fearing if I anger thee: it is his vtter shame
He should commit all paines to thee, that should himselfe imploy,
Past all our Princes, in the care, and cure of our annoy;
And be so farre from needing spurres, to these his due respects,
He should apply our spirits himselfe, with pray'rs, and vrg'd affects.
Necessitie (a law to lawes, and not to be endur'd)
Makes proofe of all his faculties; not sound, if not inur'd.
Good father (said the king) sometimes, you know I haue desir'd
Agamemnons excuse of hi [...] brother.
You would improue his negligence, too oft to ease retir'd:
Nor is it for defect of spirit, or compasse of his braine,
But with obseruing my estate, he thinks, he should abstaine
Till I commanded, knowing my place: vnwilling to assume,
For being my brother, any thing, might proue he did presume.
But now he rose before me farre, and came, t'auoid delaies:
And I haue sent him for the man, your selfe desir'd to raise:
Come, we shall find them at the guards, we plac't before the fort:
For thither my direction was, they should with speed resort.
Why now (said Nestor) none will grudge, nor his iust rule withstand;
Examples make excitements strong, and sweeten a command.
[Page 134]Thus put he on his arming trusse, faire shoes vpon his feet,
About him a mandilion, that did with buttons meet,
Of purple, large, and full of folds; curld with a warmefull nap;
A garment that gainst cold in nights, did souldiers vse to wrap:
Then tooke he his strong lance in hand; made sharpe with proued steele,
And went along the Grecian fleet. First at Vlysses keele,
He cald; to breake the silken fumes, that did his sences bind:
The voice through th'Organs of his eares, straight rung about his mind.
Forth came Vlysses, asking him; Why stirre ye thus so late?
Vlysses to Aga­memnon and Nestor.
Sustaine we such enforciue cause? He answerd, Our estate
Doth force this perturbation; vouchsafe it worthie friend,
N [...]or to V­lysses.
And come, let vs excite one more, to counsell of some end
To our extremes, by fight, or flight. He, backe, and tooke his shield,
And both tooke course to Diomed; they found him laid in field
The manner of Diomeds log­gi [...].
Farre from his tent: his armour by; about him was dispread
A ring of souldiers; euerie man, his shield beneath his head:
His speare fixt by him as he slept, the great end in the ground:
The point, that brisled the darke earth, cast a reflection round,
Like pallid lightnings throwne from Ioue; thus this Heroe lay,
And vnder him a big Oxe hide: his royall head had stay
On Arras hangings, rolled vp: whereon he slept so fast,
That Nestor stird him with his foote, and chid to see him cast
Nestor chideth Diomed.
In such deepe sleepe, in such deepe wo [...]s: and askt him why he spent
All night in sleepe, or did not heare, the Tr [...]ans neare his tent?
Their Campe drawne close vpon their dike, small space twixt foes and foes?
He, starting vp, said, Strange old man, that neuer tak'st repos [...];
Diomed to Ne­stor.
Thou art too patient of our toile; haue we not men more yong,
To be imploid from king to king? thine age hath too much wrong.
Said like a king, replied the Sire: for I haue sonnes renownd;
Nestor to him. Note the life of these represen­tations.
And there are many other men, might go this toilesome round:
But you must see, imperious Need, hath all at her command:
Now on the eager razors edge, for life or death we stand.
[...] ▪ T [...] went into a Prouerbe, vsed by T [...]cri­tus, in Dioscaris D [...]caris of H [...]mer.
Then go (thou art the yonger man,) and if thou loue my ease,
Call swift▪foot Aiax vp thy selfe, and young Phyleides.
This said, he on his shoulders cast, a yellow Lions hide,
Big, and reacht earth; then tooke his speare; and Nestors will applide:
Raisd the Heroes, brought them both. All met, the round they went,
And found not any captaine there, asleepe or negligent:
But waking, and in armes, gaue eare, to euerie lowest sound.
And as keene dogs, keepe sheepe in Cotes, or folds, of Hurdles bound:
And grin at euerie breach of aire, enuious of all that moues:
Still listning when the rauenous beast, stalks through the hilly groues▪
Then men and dogs stand on their guards, and mightie tumults make,
Sleepe wanting weight to close one winke: so did the Captaines wake,
That kept the watch the whole sad night: all with intentiue eare
Conuerted to the enemies tents, that they might timely heare
If they were stirring to surprise: which Nestor ioyd to see.
Why so (deare sons) maintaine your watch; sleepe not a winke (said he)
[Page 135]Rather then make your fames, the scorne, of Troian periurie.
N [...] [...]o the [...]ds.
This said, he formost past the dike, the others seconded;
Euen all the kings that had bene cald, to counsell, from the bed:
And with them went Meriones, and Nestors famous sonne:
For both were cald by all the kings, to consultation.
Beyond the dike they chusde a place, neare as they could from blood;
Where yet appear'd the fals of some, and whence (the crimson flood
Of Grecian liues being pour'd on earth, by Hectors furious chace)
He made retreate, when night repour'd, grim darknesse in his face.
There sate they downe, and Nestor spake: O friends remaines not one,
N [...] [...]o the Gre [...] Princes
That will relie on his bold mind, and view the campe alone,
Of the prowd Troians? to approue, if any stragling mate
He can surprise neare th'vtmost tents; or learne the briefe estate
Of their intentions for the time, and mixe like one of them
With their outguards, expiscating, if the renown'd extreme,
They force on vs, will serue their turnes; with glorie to retire,
Or still encampe thus farre from Troy? This may he well enquire▪
And make a braue retreate vntoucht; and this would win him fame
Of all men canapied with heauen; and euerie man of name
In all this host shall honor him, with an enriching meed;
A blacke Ewe and her sucking Lambe, (rewards that now exceed
All other best possessions, in all mens choice requests)
And still be bidden by our kings, to kind and royall feasts.
All reuerenc't one anothers worth; and none would silence breake,
Lest worst should take best place of speech: at last did Diomed speake:
Dio [...] [...]o N [...] ­stor.
Nestor, thou ask'st if no man here, haue heart so well inclin'd
To worke this stratageme on Troy: yes, I haue such a mind:
Yet if some other Prince would ioyne; more probable will be
The strengthned hope of our exploite▪ two may together see
(One going before another still) slie danger euerie way;
One spirit vpon another workes; and takes with firmer stay
The benefit of all his powers: for though one knew his course,
Yet might he well distrust himselfe; which th' other might enforce.
This offer euerie man assum'd, all would with Diomed go:
The two Aiaces, Merion, and Menelaus too:
But Nestors sonne enforc't it much, and hardie Ithacus,
Who had to euerie ventrous deed, a mind as venturous.
Amongst all these, thus spake the king; Tydides, most belou'd▪
The gr [...] [...]un­sell of Agamem­ [...]on to Diomed.
Chuse thy associate worthily; a man the most approu'd
For vse and strength in these extremes. Many tho [...] [...]st stand forth:
But chuse not thou by height of place, but by regard of worth▪
Lest with thy nice respect of right, to any m [...]ns degr [...]
Thou wrongst thy venture, chusing one, least fit to ioyne with thee▪
Although perhaps a greater king: this spake he with suspect,
That Diomed (for honors sake) [...]is brother would select.
Then said Tydides; Since thou giu'st, my iudgement leaue to chuse,
How can it so much truth forget, Vlysses to refuse?
Di [...] c [...] of Vlysses.
That beares a mind so most exempt, and vigorous in th'effect▪
[Page 136]Of all high labors, and a man, Pallas doth most respect?
We shall returne through burning fire, if I with him combine:
He sets strength in so true a course, with counsels so diuine.
Vlysses loth to be esteemd, a louer of his praise,
With such exceptions humbled him, as did him higher raise:
Vlysses m [...]destie in accepting.
And said; Tydides praise me not, more then free truth will beare,
Nor yet empaire me: they are Greeks, that giue iudiciall eare.
But come, the morning hasts; the stars, are forward in their course,
Two parts of night are past; the third, is left t'imploy our force.
Now borrowed they, for haste, some armes: bold Thrasymedes lent
The expl [...]rators armed.
Aduentrous Diomed his sword, (his owne was at his tent)
His shield, and helme, tough and well tann'd, without or plume or crest,
And cald a murrion; archers heads, it vsed to inuest.
Meriones lent Ithacus, his quiuer and his bow;
His helmet fashiond of a hide: the workman did bestow
Much labour in it, quilting it, with bowstrings; and without,
With snowie tuskes of white-mouthd Bores, twas armed round about
Right cunningly: and in the midst, an arming cap was plac't,
That with the fixt ends of the tuskes, his head might not be rac't.
This (long since) by Autolycus, was brought from Eleon,
When he laid waste Amyntors house, that was Ormenus sonne.
In Scandia, to Cytherius, surnam'd Amphydamas,
Autolycus did giue this helme: he, when he feasted was
By honord Molus, gaue it him, as present of a guest:
Molus to his sonne Merion, did make it his bequest.
With this Vlysses arm'd his head; and thus they (both addrest)
A [...]gurium ex cant [...] Arde [...].
Tooke leaue of all the other kings: to them a glad ostent,
(As they were entring on their way) Minerua did present,
A Hernshaw consecrate to her; which they could ill discerne
Through sable night: but by her clange, they knew it was a Herne.
Vlysses ioy'd, and thus inuok't: Heare me great seed of Ioue,
Vlysses in [...]oketh Palla [...].
That euer dost my labors grace, with presence of thy loue:
And all my motions dost attend; still loue me (sacred Dame)
Especially in this exploit, and so protect our fame,
We both may safely make retreate, and thriftily imploy
Out boldnesse in some great affaire, banefull to them of Troy.
Then praid illustrate Diomed: Vouchsafe me likewise eare,
Diomed to Pall [...].
O thou vnconquerd Queene of armes: be with thy fauors neare,
As to my royall fathers steps, thou wentst a bountious guide,
When th' Achiues, and the Peeres of Thebes, he would haue pacifide,
Sent as the Greeks Ambassador, and left them at the flood
Of great Aesopus; whose retreat, thou mad'st to swim in blood
Of his enambusht enemies: and if thou so protect
My bold endeuours; to thy name, an Heiffer, most select,
That neuer yet was tam'd with yoke, brode fronted, one yeare old,
Ile burne in zealous sacrifice, and set the hornes in gold.
The Goddesse heard, and both the kings, their dreadlesse passage bore,
Through slaughter, slaughterd carkasses; armes; and discolord gore.
[Page 137]Nor Hector let his Princes sleepe, but all to counsell cald:
And askt, What one is here will vow, and keepe it vnap pald,
H [...]tor to the [...].
To haue a gift fit for his deed; a chariot and two horse,
That passe for speed the rest of Greece? what one dares take take this course,
For his renowne (besides his gifts) to mixe amongst the foe,
And learne if still they hold their guards? or with this ouerthrow
Determine flight, as being too weake, to hold vs longer warre?
All silent stood, at last stood forth, one Dolon, that did dare
Dol [...] offers to be explorat [...]r.
This dangerous worke; Eumedes heire, a Herald much renownd:
This Dolon did in gold and brasse, exceedingly abound;
But in his forme was quite deform'd; yet passing swift to run:
Amongst fiue sisters he was left, Eumedes onely son;
And he told Hector, his free heart, would vndertake t'explore
The Greeks intentions; but (said he) thou shalt be sworne before,
By this thy scepter, that the horse, of great Aeacides
And his strong chariot, bound with brasse, thou wilt (before all these)
Resigne me as my valours prise: and so I rest vnmou'd
To be thy spie, and not returne, before I haue approu'd
(By venturing to Atrides ship, where their consults are held)
If they resolue still to resist; or flie, as quite expeld.
He put his scepter in his hand, and cald the thunders God
Hector sweares to D [...]lon.
(Saturnias husband to his oath, those horse should not bero de
By any other man then he; but he for euer ioy
(To his renowne) their seruices, for his good done to Troy.
Thus swore he, and forswore himselfe; yet made base Dolon bold:
Dolon armes.
Who on his shoulders hung his bow, and did about him fold
A white wolues hide; and with a helme, of weasels skins did arme
His weasels head; then tooke his dart, and neuer tu [...]d to harme
The Greeks with their related drifts: but being past the troopes
Of horse and foote, he promptly runs; and as he runs he stoopes
To vndermine Achilles horse; Vlysses straight did see,
And said to Diomed; this man, makes footing towards thee,
Out of the tents; I know not well, if he be vsde as spie
Vlysses to Di [...] ­med.
Bent to our fleet; or come to rob, the slaughterd enemie.
But let vs suffer him to come, a little further on,
And then pursue him. If it chance, that we be ouergone
By his more swiftnesse; vrge him still, to run vpon our fleet,
And (left he scape vs to the towne) still let thy Iaueline meet
With all his offers of retreate. Thus stept they from the plaine
Amongst the slaughterd carkasses; Dolon came on amaine,
Suspecting nothing; but once past, as farre as Mules outdraw
Oxen at plough; being both put on, neither admitted law,
To plow a deepe soild furrow forth; so farre was Dolon past;
Then they pursude, which he perceiu'd, and staid his speedlesse hast;
Subtly supposing Hector sent, to countermand his spie:
But in a Iauelins throw or lesse, he knew them enemie.
Then laid he on his nimble knees; and they pursude like wind.
As when a brace of greyhounds are, laid in, with Hare or Hind;
[Page 138]Close-mouth'd, and skild to make the best, of their industrious course;
Serue eithers turne, and set on hard; lose neither ground nor force:
So constantly did Tydeus sonne, and his towne-razing Peere,
Pursue this spie; still turning him, as he was winding neare
His couert: till he almost mixt, with their out-courts of guard.
Then Pallas prompted Diomed, lest his due worths reward
Diomed to Do­lon.
Should be empaird, if any man, did vant he first did sheath
His sword in him, and he be cald, but second in his death:
Then spake he (threatning with his lance,) or stay, or this comes on,
And long thou canst not run, before, thou be by death out-gone.
This said, he threw his Iaueline forth: which mist, (as Diomed would)
Aboue his right arme making way; the pile stucke in the mould:
He staid and trembled, and his teeth, did chatter in his head.
They came in blowing, seisd him fast; he, weeping, offered
D [...]lons surprise and offer.
A wealthy ransome for his life, and told them he had brasse,
Much gold, and iron, that fit for vse, in many labours was;
From whose rich heapes his father would, a wondrous portion giue,
If, at the great Achaian fleet, he heard his sonne did liue.
Vlysses bad him cheare his heart. Thinke not of death, said he,
Vlysses to Dolon.
But tell vs true, why runst thou forth, when others sleeping be?
Is it to spoile the carkasses? or art thou choicely sent,
T'explore our drifts? or of thy selfe, seek'st thou some wisht euent?
He trembling answerd: Much reward, did Hectors oth propose,
Dolons answer.
And vrg'd me much against my will, t'indeuour to disclose,
If you determin'd still to stay, or bent your course for flight,
As all dismaid with your late foile, and wearied with the fight:
For which exploite, Pelides horse, and chariot, he did sweare
I onely euer should enioy. Vlysses smil'd to heare
So base a swaine haue any hope, so high a prise t'aspire;
Vlysses to Dolon.
And said, his labors did affect, a great and precious hire:
And that the horse Pelides rein'd, no mortall hand could vse
But he himselfe; whose matchlesse life, a Goddesse did produce.
But tell vs, and report but truth, where lef [...]st thou Hector now?
Where are his armes? his famous horse? on whom doth he bestow
The watches charge? where sleepe the Kings? intend they still to lie
Thus neare encampt? or turne suffisd, with their late victorie?
All this, said he, Ile tell most true. At Ilus monument
Dolons relation.
Hector with all our Princes sits, t'aduise of this euent;
Who chuse that place remou'd, to shnn, the rude confused sounds
The common souldiers throw about: but, for our watch, and rounds,
Whereof (braue Lord) thou mak'st demand; none orderly we keepe:
The Troians that haue roofes to saue, onely abandon sleepe,
And priuately without command, each other they exhort
To make preuention of the worst; and in this slender sort
Is watch, and guard maintaind with vs. Th'auxiliarie bands
Sleepe soundly, and commit their cares, into the Troians hands;
For they haue neither wiues with them, nor children to protect;
The lesse they need to care, the more, they succour dull neglect.
[Page 139]But tell me (said wise Ithacus,) are all these forreine powres
Ithac [...].
Appointed quarters by themselues, or else commixt with yours?
Dol [...].
And this (said Dolon) too (my Lords,) Ile seriously vnfold:
The Paeons with the crooked bowes, and Cares, quarters hold
Next to the sea; the Leieges, and Caucons ioyn'd with them,
And braue Pelasgians; Thimbers meade, remou'd more from the streame,
Is quarter to the Licians; the loftie Misian force;
The Phrygians and Meonians, that fight with armed horse.
But what need these particulars? if ye intend surprise
Of any in our Troian campe; the Thracian quarter lies
Vtmost of all, and vncommixt, with Troian regiments,
That keepe the voluntary watch: new pitcht are all their tents.
King Rhesus, Eioneus son, commands them; who hath steeds
More white then snow, huge, and well shap't; their firie pace exceeds
The winds in swiftnesse: these I saw: his Chariot is with gold
And pallid siluer richly fram'd, and wondrous to behold.
His great and golden armour is, not fit a man should weare;
But for immortall shoulders fram'd: come then, and quickly beare
Your happie prisoner to your fleet: or leaue him here fast bound
Till your well vrg'd and rich returne, proue my relation sound.
Tydides dreadfully replide: Thinke not of passage thus,
Diomeds stern [...] r [...]ply to Dolon.
Though of right acceptable newes, thou hast aduertisde vs;
Our hands are holds more strict then so: and should we set thee free
For offerd ransome; for this scape, thou still wouldst scouting be
About our ships; or do vs scathe, in plaine opposed armes;
But if I take thy life, no way, can we repent thy harmes.
With this, as Dolon reacht his hand, to vse a suppliants part,
Dolons slaugh­ter by Diomed.
And stroke the beard of Diomed; he strooke his necke athwart,
With his forc't sword; and both the nerues, he did in sunder wound;
And suddenly his head, deceiu'd, fell speaking on the ground:
His wesels helme they tooke, his bow, his wolues skin, and his lance;
Which to Minerua, Ithacus, did zealously aduance
With lifted arme into the aire; and to her thus he spake;
Goddesse, triumph in thine owne spoiles: to thee we first will make
Vlysses offers Dolons armes to Pallas.
Our inuocations, of all powers, thron'd on th'Olympian hill;
Now to the Thracians, and their horse, and beds, conduct vs still.
With this, he hung them vp aloft, vpon a Tamricke bow,
As eyefull Trophies: and the sprigs, that did about it grow,
He proined from the leauie armes, to make it easier viewd,
When they should hastily retire, and be perhaps pursude.
Forth went they, through blacke bloud and armes; and presently aspir'd
The guardlesse Thracian regiment, fast bound with sleepe, and tir'd▪
Their armes lay by, and triple rankes, they as they slept did keepe,
As they should watch and guard their king; who, in a fatall sleepe,
Lay in the midst; their charriot horse, as they coach fellowes were,
Fed by them; and the famous steeds, that did their Generall beare,
Stood next him, to the hinder part, of his rich chariot tied.
Vlysses to Dio­med.
Vyss [...]s saw them first, and said: Tydides, I haue spied
[Page 140]The horse that Dolon (whom we slue) assur'd vs we should see:
Now vse thy strength; now idle armes, are most vnfit for thee:
Prise thou the horse; or kill the guard; and leaue the horse to me.
Miner [...]a with the Azure eyes, breath'd strength into her King,
Who fild the tent with mixed death: the soules, he set on wing,
Issued in grones, and made aire swell, into her stormie floud:
Horror, and slaughter had one power; the earth did blush with bloud.
As when a hungrie Lion flies, with purpose to deuoure
On flocks vnkept, and on their liues, doth freely vse his power:
So Tydeus sonne assaild the foe; twelue soules before him flew;
Vlysses waited on his sword; and euer as he slew,
He drew them by their strengthlesse heeles, out of the horses sight;
That when he was to leade them forth, they should not with affright
Bogle, nor snore, in treading on, the bloudie carkases;
For being new come, they were vnusde, to such sterne sights as these.
Through foure ranks now did Diomed, the king himselfe attaine;
Diomed slaugh­ters Rhesu [...] king of Thrace.
Who (snoring in his sweetest sleepe) was like his souldiers slaine.
An ill dreame by Minerua sent, that night, stood by his head,
Which was Oenides royall sonne, vnconquer'd Diomed.
Meane while Vlysses loosd his horse; tooke all their raines in hand,
And led them forth: but Tydeus sonne, did in contention stand
With his great mind, to do some deed, of more audacitie;
If he should take the chariot, where his rich armes did lie,
And draw it by the beame away, or beare it on his backe;
Or if of more dull Thracian liues, he should their bosomes sacke.
In this contention with himselfe, Minerua did suggest,
Mineru [...] to Di­omed.
And bad him thinke of his retreate; lest from their tempted rest,
Some other God should stirre the foe, and send him backe dismaid.
He knew the voice; tooke horse, and fled; the Troians heauenly aid
(Apollo with the siluer bow) stood no blind sentinell
To their secure and drowsie hoast; but did discouer well
Minerua following Diomed; and angrie with his act,
The mightie hoast of Ilion, he entred; and awak't
The cousen germane of the king, a counsellor of Thrace,
Hopocoon; who when he rose; and saw the desert place
Where Rhesus horse did vse to stand, and th' other dismall harmes,
Men strugling with the pangs of death; he shriekt out thicke alarmes;
Al [...]rmes amon­gest the Troians.
Cald Rhesus? Rhesus? but in vaine: then still, arme, arme, he cride:
The noise and tumult was extreme, on euery startled side
Of Troyes huge hoast; from whence in throngs, all gatherd and admir'd,
Who could performe such harmfull facts, and yet be safe retir'd.
Now, comming where they slue the scout, Vlysses stayd the steeds;
Tydides lighted, and the spoiles (hung on the Tamricke reeds)
He tooke and gaue to Ithacus; and vp he got againe;
Then flew they ioyfull to their fleet: Nestor did first attaine
The sounds the horse hoofes strooke through aire, and said; My royall Peeres?
Nestor to the Greeks.
Do I but dote? or say I true? me thinks about mine eares
The sounds of running horses beate. O would to God they were
[Page 141]Our friends thus soone returnd with spoiles: but I haue heartie feare,
Lest this high tumult of the foe, doth their distresse intend.
He scarce had spoke, when they were come: Both did from horse descend,
All, with embraces and sweet words, to heauen their worth did raise.
Then Nestor spake; Great Ithachus, euen heapt with Grecian praise;
How haue you made these horse your prise? pierc't you the dangerous host,
Where such gemmes stand? or did some God, your high attempts accost,
And honord you with this reward? why, they be like the Rayes
T [...]e Sunne effuseth. I haue mixt, with Troians all my daies;
And now, I hope you will not say, I alwaies lye abord
Though an old soldier I confesse: yet did all Troy afford
Neuer the like to any sence, that euer I possest;
But some good God, no doubt, hath met, and your high valours blest:
For he that shadowes heauen with clouds, loues both, as his delights:
And she that supples earth with blood, can not forbeare your sights.
Vlysses answerd, Honord Sire, the willing Gods can giue
Vlysses to Nestor.
Horse much more worth, then these men yeeld, since in more power they liue:
These horse are of the Thracian breed; their king Tydides slue,
And twelue of his most trusted guard: and of that meaner crew
A skowt for thirteenth man we kild, whom Hector sent to spie
The whole estate of our designes, if bent to fight or flie.
Thus (followed with whole troopes of friends,) they with applauses past
The spacious dike, and in the tent, of Diomed they plac't
The horse without contention, as his deseruings meed:
Which (with his other horse set vp) on yellow wheat did feed.
Poore Dolons spoiles Vlysses had; who shrin'd them on his sterne,
As trophies vow'd to her that sent, the good aboding Herne.
Th [...]n entred they the meere maine sea, to cleanse their honord sweate
From off their feet, their thighes and neckes: and when their vehement heate
Was calm'd, and their swolne hearts refresht; more curious baths they vsd;
Where odorous and dissoluing Oyles, they through their lims diffusde.
Then, taking breakfast, a big boule, fild with the purest wine,
They offerd to the maiden Queene, that hath the azure eyne.
The end of the tenth Booke.


ATrides and his other Peeres of name,
Leade forth their men; whom Eris doth inflame.
Hector (by Iris charge) takes deedlesse breath,
Whiles Agamemnon plies the worke of death:
Who with the first beares his imperiall head.
Himselfe, Vlysses, and King Diomed,
Euripylus, and Aesculapius sonne,
(Enforc't with wounds) the furious skirmish shun.
Which martiall sight, when great Achilles viewes,
A little his desire of fight renewes:
And forth he sends his friend, to bring him word
From old Neleides, what wounded Lord
He in his chariot from the skirmish brought:
Which was Machaon. Nestor then besought
He would perswade his friend to wreake their harmes,
Or come himselfe, deckt in his dreadfull armes.
Another Argument.
Lambda presents the Generall,
In fight the worthiest man of all.
AVrora, out of restfull bed, did from bright Tython rise,
To bring each deathlesse essence light, and vse, to mortall eyes;
When Ioue sent Eris to the Greekes, sustaining in her hand
Sterne signes of her designes for warre: she tooke her horrid stand
Vpon Vlysses huge blacke Barke, that did at anchor ride,
Amidst the fleet; from whence her sounds, might ring on euery side;
Both to the tents of Telamon, and th'authors of their smarts;
Who held, for fortitude and force, the nauies vtmost parts.
The red-eyd Goddesse seated there, thunderd th'Orthian song,
Eris (contention) sings and excites the Gr [...]cians.
High, and with horror, through the eares, of all the Grecian throng;
Her verse with spirits inuincible, did all their breasts inspire;
Blew out all darknesse from their lims, and set their hearts on fire;
And presently was bitter warre, more sweet a thousand times
Then any choice in hollow keeles, to greet their natiu climes.
Atrides summon'd all to armes; to armes himselfe disposde:
Agamemnon armes for the [...]eld.
First on his legs he put bright Greaues, with siluer buttons closde;
Then with rich Curace arm'd his breast, which Cyniras bestow'd
To gratifie his royall guest; for euen to Cyprus flow'd
[Page 143]Th'vnbounded fame of those designes, the Greeks proposde for Tr [...]y;
And therefore gaue he him those armes, and wisht his purpose ioy.
Ten rowes of azure mixt with blacke: twelue golden like the Sunne:
Twise ten of tin, in beaten paths, did through this armour runne.
Three serpents to the gorget crept, that like three rain-bowes shin'd,
Such as by Ioue are fixt in clouds, when wonders are diuin'd.
About his shoulders hung his sword; whereof the hollow hilt
Was fashion'd all with shining barres, exceeding richly gilt:
The scaberd was of siluer plate, with golden hangers grac't:
Then tooke he vp his weigh [...]ie shield, that round about him cast
D [...]fensiue shadowes: ten bright zones, of gold-affecting brasse
Were driuen about it; and of tin (as full of glosse as glasse)
Sweld twentie bosses out of it: in center of them all,
One of blacke mettall had engrauen (full of extreme appall)
An vgly Gorgon, compassed, with Terror and with Feare:
At it, a siluer Bawdricke hung, with which he vsde to beare
(Wound on his arme) his ample shield; and in it there was wouen
An azure Dragon, curl'd in folds; from whose one necke, was clouen
Three heads contorted in an orbe: then plac't he on his head
His foure-plum'd caske; and in his hands, two darts he managed,
Arm'd with bright steele, that blaz'd to heauen: then Iuno and the maide
That conquers Empires; trumpets seru'd, to summon out their aide,
In honor of the Generall: and on a sable cloud
(To bring them furious to the field) sate thundring out aloud.
Then all enioyn'd their charioteers, to ranke their chariot horse
Close to the dike: forth marcht the foot; whose front they did r'enforce
With some horse troupes: the battell then, was all of Charioteers,
Lin'd with light horse: but Iupiter, disturb'd this forme with feares;
And from aires vpper region, did bloudie vapors raine;
For sad ostent, much noble life, should ere their times be slaine.
The Troian hoast, at Ilus tombe, was in Battalia led
By Hector and Polydamas, and old Anchises seed,
Who God-like was esteem'd in Troy; by graue Antenors race,
Diuine Agenor, Polybus, vnmaried Acamas,
Proportion'd like the states of heauen: in front of all the field,
Troyes great Priamides did beare, his al▪wayes-equall shield,
Still plying th'ordering of his power. And as amids the skie
We sometimes see an ominous starre, blaze cleare and dreadfully,
Then run his golden head in clouds, and straight appeare againe:
So Hector otherwhiles did grace, the vaunt-guard, shining plaine;
Then in the rere-guard hid himselfe, and labour'd euery where,
To order and encourage all: his armor was so cleare,
And he applide each place so fast; that like a lightning throwne
Out of the shield of Iupiter, in euery eye he shone.
And as vpon a rich mans crop, of barley or of wheate,
An [...]ther c [...]pa­rison.
(Opposde for swiftnesse at their worke,) a sort of reapers sweate,
Beare downe the furrowes speedily, and thicke their handfuls fall:
So at the ioyning of the hoasts, ran Slaughter through them all;
[Page 144]None stoopt to any fainting thought, of foule inglorious flight,
But equall bore they vp their heads, and far'd like wolues in fight:
Sterne Eris, with such weeping sights, reioyc't to feed her eies;
Who onely shew'd her selfe in field, of all the Deities.
The other in Olympus tops, sate silent, and repin'd,
That Ioue to do the Troians grace, should beare so fixt a mind.
He car'd not, but (enthron'd apart) triumphant sat in sway
Of his free power; and from his seate, tooke pleasure to display
Iones prospect.
The citie so adorn'd with towres, the sea with vessels fild;
The splendor of refulgent armes, the killer and the kild.
As long as bright Aurora rul'd, and sacred day increast,
So long their darts made mutuall wounds, and neither had the best:
But when in hill-enuiron'd vales, the timber-feller takes
Periphrasis of Noone.
A sharpe set stomacke to his meate, and dinner ready makes,
His sinewes fainting, and his spirits, become surcharg'd and dull;
Time of accustom'd ease arriu'd; his hands with labour full:
Then by their valours Greeks brake through, the Troian rankes, and chear'd
Their generall Squadrons through the hoast: then first of all appear'd
The person of the King himselfe; and then the Troians lost
Byanor, by his royall charge, a leader in the host:
Agamemnons slaughters.
Who being slaine, his chariotere (Oileus) did alight,
And stood in skirmish with the king; the king did deadly smite
His forehead with his eager lance, and through his helme it ranne,
Enforcing passage to his braine, quite through the hardned pan;
His braine mixt with his clotterd bloud, his body strewd the ground.
There left he them; and presently he other obiects found;
Isus and Antiphus, two sonnes, king Priam did beget,
One lawfull, th'other wantonly; both in one chariot met
Their royall foe; the baser borne, Isus was chariotere,
And famous Antiphus did fight: both which, king Peleus heire,
(Whilome in Ida keeping flocks) did deprehend and bind
With pliant Osiers; and for prize, them to their Sire resign'd.
Atrides with his well aim'd lance, smote Isus on the brest
Aboue the nipple; and his sword, a mortall wound imprest
Beneath the eare of Antiphus: downe from their horse they fell.
The king had seene the youths before, and now did know them well,
Remembring them the prisoners, of swift Aeacides,
Who brought them to the sable fleet, from Idas foodie leas.
And as a Lion hauing found, the furrow of a Hind,
Where she hath calu'd two little twins; at will and ease doth grind
Their ioynts snatcht in his sollide iawes; and crusheth into mist
Their tender liues; their dam (though neare) not able to resist;
But shooke with vehement feare her selfe, flies through the Oaken chace
From that fell sauage, drown'd in sweat; and seekes some couert place:
So when with most vnmatched strength, the Grecian Generall bent
Gainst these two Princes, none durst ayd, their natiue kings descent;
But fled themselues before the Greeks: and where these two were slaine,
Pysander and Hypolocbus, (not able to restraine
[Page 145]Their head-strong horse, the silken teines, being from their hands let fall)
Were brought by their vn [...]uly guides, before the Generall.
Antimachus begat them both; Antimachus that tooke
Rich guifts, and gold of Hellens loue; and would by no meanes brooke
Iust restitution should be made, of Menelaus wealth,
Bereft him, with his rauisht Queene, by
Alexanders stealth.
Atrides, Lion-like did charge, his sonnes; who on their knees
Fell from their chariot, and besought, regard to their degrees;
Who, being Antimachus his sonnes, their father would affoord
A worthie ransome for their liues; who in his house did hoord
Much hidden treasure; brasse, and gold, and steele, wrought wondrous choise.
Thus wept they, vsing smoothing terms; and heard this rugged voice
Agamem [...] to Pysander and Hippolochus.
Breath' from the vnrelenting king: If you be of the breed
Of stout Antimachus, that staid, the honorable deed
The other Peeres of Ilion, in counsell had decreed,
To render Hellen, and her wealth; and would haue basely slaine
My brother and wise Ithacus, Ambassadors, t'attaine
The most due motion: now receiue, wreake for his shamefull part.
This said, in poore Pysanders breast, he fixt his wreakfull dart;
Who vpward spread th'oppressed earth: his brother croucht for dread,
And as he lay, the angrie king, cut off his armes and head,
And let him like a football lie, for euerie man to spurne.
Then to th'extremest heate of fight, he did his valour turne,
And led a multitude of Greeks; where foote did foote subdue,
Horse slaughterd horse, Need featherd flight, the batterd center flew
In clouds of dust about their eares, raisd from the horses hooues,
That beat a thunder out of earth, as horrible as Ioues.
The king (perswading speedie chace) gaue his perswasions way
With his owne valour, slaughtring still: As in a stormie day,
In thicke-set woods a rauenous fire, wraps in his fierce repaire
The shaken trees, and by the rootes, doth tosse them into aire:
Euen so beneath Atrides sword, flew vp Troyes flying heeles:
Their horse drew emptie chariots, and sought their thundring wheeles
Some fresh directors through the field, where least the pursuite driues:
Thicke fell the Troians, much more sweet, to Vultures, then their wiues.
Then Ioue drew Hector from the darts, from dust, from death and blood,
And from the tumult: still the king, firme to the pursuite stood;
Till at old Ilus monument, in midst of all the field,
They reacht the wild Figtree, and long'd, to make their towne their shield.
Yet there they rested not; the king, still cride; Pursue, pursue,
And all his vnreproued hands, did blood and dust embrue.
But when they came to Sceas ports, and to the Beech of Ioue,
There made they stand; there euerie eye, fixt on each other, stroue
Who should outlooke his mate amaz'd: through all the field they fled.
And as a Lion, when the night, becomes most deafe and dead,
Inuades Oxe heards, affrighting all, that he of one may wreake
His dreadfull hunger; and his neck [...], he first of all doth breake;
Then laps his blood and e [...]iles vp: so Agamemnon plide
[Page 146]The manage of the Troian chace, and still the last man di'd;
The other fled; a number fell, by his imperiall hand:
Some groueling downwards from their horse: some vpwards strew'd the sand.
High was the furie of his lance: but hauing beat them close
Beneath their walls, the both worlds Sire, did now againe repose
On fountaine-flowing Idas tops, being newly slid from heauen,
And held a lightning in his hand: from thence this charge was giuen
To Iris with the golden wings: Thaumantia, flie (said he)
Ioue to the Rainbow.
And tell Troys Hector, that as long, as he enrag'd shall see
The souldier-louing Atreus sonne, amongst the formost fight,
Depopulating troopes of men: so long he must excite
Some other to resist the foe, and he no armes aduance:
But when he wounded takes his horse, attain'd with shaft or lance:
Then will I fill his arme with death, euen till he reach the Fleet,
And peacefull night treads busie day, beneath her sacred feet.
The wind-foot swift Thaumantia, obeyd, and vsd her wings
To famous Ilion, from the mount, enchaste with siluer springs:
And found in his bright chariot, the hardie Troian knight:
To whom she spake the words of Ioue, and vanisht from his sight.
He leapt vpon the sounding earth, and shooke his lengthfull dart,
And euerie where he breath'd exhorts, and stird vp euerie heart:
A dreadfull fight he set on foote, his souldiers straight turnd head:
The Greekes stood firme, in both the hoasts, the field was perfected.
But Agamemnon formost still, did all his side exceed:
And would not be the first in name, vnlesse the first in deed.
Now sing faire Presidents of verse, that in the heauens embowre,
Who first encountred with the king, of all the aduerse powre:
Iphydamas, Antenors sonne, ample and bigly set,
Brought vp in pasture-springing-Thrace, that doth soft sheepe beget:
In graue Cissaeus noble house, that was his mothers Sire;
(Faire Theano) and when his breast, was heightned with the fire
Of gaisome youth; his grand-Sire gaue, his daughter to his loue:
Who straight his bridall chamber left; Fame, with affection stroue,
And made him furnish twelue faire ships, to lend faire Troy his hand.
His ships he in Percope left, and came to Troy by land:
And now he tried the fame of Greece, encountring with the king,
Who threw his royall lance and mist: Iphydamas did fling,
And strooke him on the arming waste, beneath his coate of brasse,
Which forc't him stay vpon his arme, so violent it was:
Yet pierc't it not his wel-wrought zone; but when the lazie head
Tried hardnesse with his siluer waste, it turnd againe like lead.
He follow'd, grasping the ground end: but with a Lions wile,
That wrests away a hunters staffe; he caught it by the pile,
And pluckt it from the casters hand; whom with his sword he strooke
Iphydamas slain by Agamemnon
Beneath the eare, and with his wound, his timelesse death he tooke:
He fell and slept an iron sleepe; wretched young man, he dide
Farre from his newly-married wife, in aide of forreine pride;
And saw no pleasure of his loue; yet was her ioynture great:
[Page 147]An hundred Oxen gaue he her, and vow'd in his retreate
Two thousand head of sheepe and Goates, of which he store did leaue:
Much gaue he of his loues first fruits, and nothing did receiue.
When Coon (one that for his forme, might feast an amorous eye,
And elder brother of the slaine) beheld this tragedie:
Deepe sorrow sate vpon his eyes; and (standing laterally,
And to the Generall vndiscernd) his Iauelin he let flie:
That twixt his elbow and his wrist, transfixt his armelesse arme:
The bright head shin'd on th'other side. The vnexpected harme
Imprest some horror in the king: yet so he ceast not fight,
But rushton Coon with his lance, who made what haste he might
(Seising his slaughterd brothers foote) to draw him from the field,
And cald the ablest to his aide; when vnder his round shield
The kings brasse Iauelin, as he drew, did strike him helplesse dead:
Who made Iphydamas the blocke, and cut off Coons head.
Thus vnder great Atrides arme, Antenors issue thriu'd,
And to suffise precisest fate▪ to Plutos mansion diu'd.
He with his lance, sword, mightie stones, pour'd his Heroicke wreake
On other Squadrons of the foe, whiles yet warme blood did breake
Through his cleft veines: but when the wound, was quite exhaust and crude;
The eager anguish did approue, his Princely fortitude.
As when most sharpe and bitter pangs, distract a labouring Dame;
Which the diuine Ilithiae, that rule the painefull frame
Of humane chid-birth poure on her: th'Ilithiae that are
The daughters of Saturnia: with whose extreme repaire
The woman in her trauell striues, to take the worst it giues:
With thought it must be, tis loues fruite, the end for which she liues;
The meane to make her selfe new borne: what comforts will redound:
So Agamemnon did sustaine, the torment of his wound.
Then tooke he chariot, and to Fleet, bad haste his chariotere;
But first pour'd out his highest voice, to purchase euerie eare:
Princes and Leaders of the Greekes, braue friends, now from our fleet
Agamemnon to the Greeke Princes.
Do you expell this bostrous sway: Ioue will not let me meet
Illustrate Hector, nor giue leaue, that I shall end the day
In fight against the Ilian power: my wound is in my way.
This said, his readie chariotere, did scourge his spritefull horse,
That freely to the sable fleet, performd their fierie course:
To beare their wounded Soueraigne, apart the Martiall thrust,
Sprinkling their powerfull breasts with foame, and snowing on the dust.
When Hector heard of his retreate, thus he for fame contends:
Hector to the Tr [...]ians.
Troians, Dardanians, Lycians, all my close-fighting friends,
Thinke what it is to be renownd: be souldiers all of name:
Our strongest enemie is gone; lo [...]e vowes to do vs fame:
Then in the Grecian faces driue, your one-hou'd violent steeds,
And fare aboue their best, be best, and glorifie your deeds.
Thus as a dog-giuen Hunter sets, vpon a brace of Bores,
His white-toothd hounds: pufs, showts, breaths terms, & on his emprese pores,
All his wild art to make them pinch: so Hector vrg'd his host
[Page 148]To charge the Greeks, and he himselfe, most bold, and actiue most:
He brake into the heate of fight: as when a tempest raues,
Stoops from the clouds, and all on heapes, doth cuffe the purple waues.
Who then was first, and last, he kild, when Ioue did grace his deed?
Asseus, and Autonous; Opys, and Clytus seed:
Whom Hector s [...]ue.
Prince Dolops, and the honord Sire, of sweet Euryalus:
(Opheltes) Agelaus next; and strong Hipponous:
Orus, Essymnus, all of name. The common souldiers fell,
As when the hollow flood of aire, in Zephires cheeks doth swell,
And sparseth all the gatherd clouds, white Notus power did draw;
VVraps waues in waues, hurls vp the froath, beat with a vehement flaw:
So were the common souldiers wrackt, in troops, by Hectors hand.
Then ruine had enforc't such works, as no Greeks could withstand:
Then in their fleete they had bene housd, had not Laertes sonne
Stird vp the spirit of Diomed, with this impression.
Tydides, what do we sustaine, forgetting what we are?
Vlysses to Dio­med.
Stand by me (dearest in my [...]oue:) twere horrible impaire
For our two valours to endure, a customarie flight,
To leaue our nauie still ingag'd, and but by fits to fight.
He answerd; I am bent to stay, and any thing sustaine:
But our delight to proue vs men, will proue but short and vaine;
Diomeds answer to Vlysses.
For Ioue makes Troians instruments; and virtually then,
Wields arms himselfe: our crosse affaires, are not twixt men and men.
This said, Thimbraeus with his [...]ance, he tumbled from his horse;
Neare his left nipple wounding him: Vlysses did enforce
Faire Molion, minion to this king, that Diomed subdude:
Both sent they thence, till they returnd: who now the king pursude
And furrowed through the thickned troopes. As when two chaced Bores
Turne head gainst kennels of bold hounds, and race way through their gor [...]:
So (turnd from flight) the forward kings, shew'd Troians backward death:
Nor fled the Greeks but by their wils, to get great Hector breath.
Then tooke they horse and chariot, from two bold citie foes,
Vlysses and Dio­meds s [...]aughters.
Merops Percosius mightie sonnes: their father could disclose,
Beyond all men, hid Auguries; and would not giue consent
To their egression to these wars: yet wilfully they went;
For Fates, that order sable death, enforc't their tragedies:
Tydides slue them with his lance, and made their armes his prise.
Hypporochus, and Hyppodus, Vlysses reft of light:
But Ioue, that out of Ida lookt, then equallisde the fight;
A Grecian for a Troian then, paide tribute to the Fates:
Yet royall Diomed slue one, euen in those euen debates,
That was of name more then the rest; Paeons renowned sonne,
The Prince Agastrophus: his lance, into his hip did run:
His Squire detaind his horse apart, that hindred him to flie;
Which he repented at his heart: yet did his feet applie
His scape with all the speed they had, alongst the formost bands;
And there his loued life dissolu'd. This, Hector vnderstands,
And rusht with clamor on the king; right soundly seconded
[Page 149]With troupes of Troia [...]s: which perceiu'd, by famous Dio [...]d;
The deepe conceit of Io [...]es high will, stifned his royall haire;
Who spake to neare-fought Ithachus; The fate of this affaire
Di [...]d to Vlysses.
Is bent to vs: come let vs stand, and bound his violence.
Thus threw he his long Iauelin forth; which smote his heads defence
Full on the top, yet pierc't no skin; brasse, tooke repulse with brasse;
His helme (with three folds made, and sharpe,) the gift of Phoebus was.
The blow made Hector take the troupe; sunke him vpon his hand,
And strooke him blind: the king pursude, before the formost band,
His darts recouerie: which he found, laid on the purple plaine▪
By which time, Hector was reuiu'd, and taking horse againe,
Was farre commixt within his strength, and fled his darksome graue.
He followd with his thirstie lance, and this elusiue Braue:
Once more be thankfull to thy heeles, (proud dog) for thy escape:
Diom [...]d insults on Hector.
Mischiefe sate neare thy bosome now; and now another rape
Hath thy Apollo made of thee, to whom thou well maist pray,
When through the singing of our darts, thou findst such guarded way:
But I shall meet with thee at length, and bring thy latest houre,
If with like fauour any God, be fautor of my powre:
Meane while, some other shall repay, what I suspend in thee.
This said, he set the wretched soule, of P [...]ns issue free;
Whom his late wound, not fully slue: but Pri [...]ms amorous birth,
Paris at Dio­med.
Against Tydides bent his bow, hid with a hill of earth;
Part of the ruinated tombe, for honor'd Ilus built:
And as the Curace of the slaine (engrauen and richly gilt)
Tydides from his breast had spoild, and from his shoulders raft,
His target and his solide helme, he shot; and his keene shaft
(That neuer flew from him in vaine) did naile vnto the ground
The kings right foot: the spleenfull knight, laught sweetly at the wound,
Crept from his couert, and triumpht: Now art thou maimd, said he,
Paris insults on Diomed.
And would to God my happie hand, had so much honor'd me,
To haue infixt it in thy breast, as deepe as in thy foote,
Euen to th'expulsure of thy soule: then blest had bene my shoote
Of all the Troians: who had then, breath'd from their long vnrests,
Who feare thee as the braying Goates, abhorre the king of beasts.
Vndanted Diomed replide: You Brauer, with your bow,
Diomeds reply.
You slick-hair'd louer: you that hunt, and fleere at wenches so:
Durst thou but stand in armes with me, thy silly archerie
Would giue thee little cause to vaunt: as little suffer I
In this same tall exploit of thine, perform'd when thou wert hid:
As if a woman or a child, that knew not what it did,
Had toucht my foote: a cowards steele, hath neuer any edge:
But mine (t'assure it sharpe) still layes, dead carkasses in pledge;
Touch it: it renders liuelesse straight: it strikes the fingers ends
Of haplesse widowes in their cheeks; and children blind of friends:
The subiect of it makes earth red; and aire with sighes inflames:
And leaues lims more embrac't with birds, then with enamour'd Dames.
Lance-fam'd Vlysses now came in, and stept before the king;
[Page 150]Kneeld opposite, and drew the shaft: the eager paine did sting
Through all his bodie; straight he tooke, his royall chariot there,
And with direction to the fleete, did charge his chariotere.
Now was Vlysses desolate, feare made no friend remaine:
He thus spake to his mightie mind: What doth my s [...]ate sustaine?
Vlysses to him­selfe.
If I should flie this ods in feare, that thus comes clu [...]ing on,
Twere high dishonour: yet twere worse, to be surprisd alone:
Tis Ioue that driues the rest to flight: but thats a faint excuse;
Why do I tempt my mind so much? pale cowards fight refuse.
He that affects renowne in warre, must like a rocke be fixt;
Wound, or be wounded: valours truth, puts no respect betwixt.
In this contention with himselfe, in flew the shadie bands
Of targateres, who sieg'd him round, with mischiefe-filled hands.
As when a crew of gallants watch, the wild muse of a Bore;
Their dogs put after in full crie, he rusheth on before:
Whets, with his lather-making iawes, his crooked tuskes for blood:
And (holding firme his vsuall haunts) breakes through the deepned woo [...]:
They charging, though his hote approch, be neuer so abhord:
So, to assaile the Ioue-lou'd Greeke, the Il [...]ans did accord,
And he made through them: first he hurt, vpon his shoulder blade,
Deiops a blamelesse man at armes: then sent to endlesse shade
Thoon and Eunomus: and strooke, the strong Chersidamas,
Socus wounds Vlysses.
As from his chariot he leapt downe, beneath his targe of brasse:
Who fell, and crawld vpon the earth, with his sustaining palmes,
And left the fight: nor yet his lance, left dealing Martiall almes:
But Socus brother by both sid [...]s, yong Carops did impresse:
Then Princely Socus to his aide, made brotherly accesse,
And (coming neare) spake in his charge; O great Laertes sonne,
Insatiate in slie stratagems, and labours neuer done:
This houre, or thou shalt boast to kill, the two Hypasides,
And prize their armes, or fall thy selfe, in my resolu'd accesse.
This said, he threw qui [...]e through his shield, his fell and well-driuen lanc [...]:
Which held way through his curaces, and on his ribs did glance:
Plowing the flesh alongst his sides: but Pallas did repell
All inward passage to his life. Vlysses knowing well
The wound vndeadly; (setting backe, his foote to forme his stand)
Thus spake to Socus: O thou wretch, thy death is in this hand:
That stay'st my victorie on Troy: and where thy charge was made
In doubtfull terms (or this or that) this shall thy life inuade.
This frighted Socus to retreate; and in his faint reuerse,
The lance betwixt his shoulders fell, and through his breast did perse:
Downe fell he sounding, and the king, thus playd with his misease:
O Socus, you that make by birth, the two Hypasides:
Vlysses insulta­ [...]ion.
Now may your house and you p [...]rceiue, death can outflie the flier:
Ah wretch, thou canst not scape my vowes: old Hypasus thy sire,
Nor thy well honord [...]others hands; in both which lies thy worth,
Shall close thy wretched eyes in death; but Vultures dig them forth,
And hide them with their darksome wings: but when Vlysses dies,
[Page 151]Diuinest Greeks shall tombe my corse, with all their ob [...]equies.
Now from his bodie and his shield, the violent lance he drew,
That P [...]incely Socus had infixt: which drawne, a crimson dew
Fell from his bosome on the earth: the wound [...]id dare him sore.
And when the furious Troians saw, Vlysses forced gore:
(Encouraging themselues in grosse) all his destruction vowd;
Then he retir'd, and summond aide: thrise showted he allowd,
(As did denote a man ingag'd:) thrise Menelaus eare
Ob [...]eru'd his aid-suggesting voice: and Aiax being neare,
He told him of Vlysses show [...]s, as if he were enclosd
From all assistance: and aduisd, their aids might be disposd
Against the Ring that circled him: lest, charg'd with troopes alone
(Though valiant) he might be opprest, whom Greece so built vpon.
He led, and Aiax seconded: they found their Io [...]e-lou'd king
Circled with foes. As when a den, of bloodie Lucerns cling
About a goodly palmed Hart, hurt with a hunters bow,
Whose scape, his nimble feet inforce, whilst his warme blood doth flow,
And his light knees haue power to moue: but (maistred of his wound,
Embost within a shadie hill) the Lucerns charge him round,
And teare his flesh; when instantly, fortune sends in the powres
Of some sterne Lion, with whose sight, they flie, and he deuours:
So charg'd the Ilians Ithacus, many and mightie men:
But then made Menelaus in, and horrid Aiax then,
Aiax and Me­nelaus to the re­scue of Vlysses.
Bearing a target like a tower: close was his violent stand,
And euerie way the foe disperst; when, by the royall hand,
Kind Menelaus led away, the hurt Laertes sonne,
Till his faire squire had brought his horse: victorious Telamon
Still plied the foe, and put to sword, a young Priamides;
Doriclus, Priams bastard sonne: then did his lance impresse
Pando [...]us, and strong Pyrasus; Lysander and Palertes,
As when a torrent from the hils, swolne with Saturnian showres,
Fals on the fields; beares blasted Oakes, and witherd rosine flowres,
Loose weeds, and all dispersed filth, into the Oceans force:
So, matchlesse Aiax beat the field, and slaughterd men and horse.
Yet had not Hector heard of this, who fought on the left wing
Of all the host, neare those sweet herbs, Scamanders flood doth spring:
Where many foreheads trode the ground, and where the skirmish burnd
Neare Nestor, and king Idomen; where Hector ouerturnd
The Grecian squadrons; authoring, high seruice with his lance,
And skilfull manadge of his horse: nor yet the discrepance
He made in death betwixt the hosts, had made the Greeks retire,
If faire-haird Hellens second spouse, had not represt the fire
Of bold Machaons fortitude, who with a three-forkt head
In his right shoulder wounded him: then had the Grecians dread,
Lest in his strength declin'd, the foe, should slaughter their hurt f [...]iend:
Then Cretes king vrg'd Neleides, his chariot to ascend,
And getting neare him, take him in, and beare him to their tents;
A Surgeon is to be preferd, with physicke ornaments,
[Page 152]Before a multitude: his life, giues hurt liues natiue bounds,
With sweet inspersion of fit balmes, and perfect search of wounds.
Thus spake the royall Idomen: Neleides obeyd,
And to his chariot presently, the wounded Greeke conuaid
The sonne of Esculapius, the great Phisition:
To fleet they flew. Cebriones, perceiu'd the slaughter done
By Aiax on the other troopes, and spake to Hector thus:
Whiles we encounter Grecians here, sterne Telamonius
Is yonder raging, turning vp, in heapes our horse and men:
I know him by his spacious shield: let vs turne chariot then
Where both of horse and foote the fight, most hotely is proposde,
In mutuall slaughters: harke, their throats, from cries are neuer closd.
This said, with his shrill scourge he strooke, the horse that fast ensude,
Stung with his lashes, tossing shields, and carkasses imbrude:
The chariot tree was drownd in blood, and th'arches by the seate,
Disperpled from the horses houes, and from the wheelebands beate.
Great Hector long'd to breake the rankes, and startle their close fight:
Who horribly amaz'd the Greeks, and plyed their suddaine fright
With busie weapons, euer wingd: his lance, sword, weightie stones:
Yet charg'd he other Leaders bands, not dreadfull Telamons,
With whom he wisely shund foule blowes: but Ioue (that weighs aboue
All humane pow'rs) to Aiax breast, diuine repressions droue,
And made him shun, who shund himselfe: he ceast from fight amaz'd:
Cast on his backe his seauen-fold shield, and round about him gaz'd,
Like one turnd wilde; lookt on himselfe, in his distract retreate:
Knee before knee did scarcely moue: as when from heards of Neate
Whole threaues of Bores and mungrils chace, a Lion skulking neare,
Loth he should taint the wel-prisd fat, of any stall-fed steere,
Consuming all the night in watch; he (greedie of his prey)
Oft thrusting on, is oft thrust off: fo thicke the Iauelins play
On his bold charges, and so hote, the burning fire brands shine,
Which he (though horrible) abhors, about his glowing eyne;
And early his great heart retires: so Aiax from the foe,
For feare their fleet should be inflam'd: gainst his swolne heart did go.
As when a dull mill Asse comes neare, a goodly field of corne
Another simile expressing the maner of Aiax retreate.
Kept from the birds by childrens cries; the boyes are ouerborne
By his insensible approach, and simply he will eate:
About whom many wands are broke, and still the children beate;
And still the selfe-prouiding Asse, doth with their weaknesse beare,
Not stirring till his panch be full; and scarcely then will stere.
So the huge sonne of Telamon, amongst the Troians far'd;
Bore showers of darts vpon his shield, yet scornd to flie, as skar'd;
And so kept softlie on his way; nor would he mend his pace
For all their violent pursuits, that still did arme the chace
With singing lances: but at last, when their Cur-like presumes,
More vrg'd, the more forborne; his spirits, did rarifie their fumes,
And he reuokt his actiue strength; turnd head, and did repell
The horse troopes that were new made in: twixt whom the fight grew fell;
[Page 153]And by degrees he stole retreate, yet with such puissant stay
That none could passe him to the fleet: in both the armies sway
He stood, and from strong hands receiu'd, sharpe Iauelins on his shield;
Where many stucke, throwne on before; many fell short in field,
Ere the white bodie they could reach; and stucke, as telling how
They purposd to haue pierc't his flesh: his perill pierced now
The eyes of Prince Eurypilus, Euemons famous sonne;
Who came close on, and with his dart, strooke Duke Apisaon,
Whose surname was Phausiades; euen to the concrete blood
That makes the liuer: on the earth, out gusht his vitall blood.
Eurypilus made in, and easd, his shoulders of his armes:
Which Paris seeing, he drew his bow, and wreakt in part the harmes
Of his good friend Phausiades: his arrow he let flie,
That smote Eurypilus, and brake, in his attainted thie:
Then tooke he troope, to shun blacke death, and to the flyers cride;
Eurypilus to the Greekes.
Princes, and Leaders of the Greeks, stand, and repulse the tide
Of this our honour-wracking chace; Aiax is drownd in darts,
I feare past scape: turne honord friends, helpe out his ventrous parts.
Thus spake the wounded Greeke; the sound, cast on their backs their shields,
And raisd their darts: to whose reliefe, Aiax his person wields:
Then stood he firmely with his friends, retiring their retire:
And thus both hosts indifferent ioynd, the fight grew hote a [...] fire.
Now had Neleides sweating steeds, brought him and his hurt friend
Amongst their Fleet; Aeacides, that wishly did intend
(Standing asterne his tall neckt ship) how deepe the skirmish drew
Amongst the Greeks; and with what ruth, the insecution grew:
Saw Nestor bring Machaon hurt, and from within did call
His friend Patroclus: who like Mars, in forme celestiall
Achilles to trocl [...].
Came forth with first sound of his voice (first spring of his decay)
And askt his Princely friends desire: Deare friend, said he, this day
I doubt not will enforce the Greeks, to swarme about my knees:
I see vnsufferd Need imployd, in their extremities.
Go sweet Patroclus and enquire, of old Neleides,
Whom he brought wounded from the fight: by his backe parts, I guesse
It is Machaon: but his face, I could not well descrie,
They past me in such earnest speed. Patroclus presently
Obeyd his friend, and ran to know. They now descended were,
And Nestors squire, Eurimidon, the horses did vngeare:
Themselues stood neare th'extremest shore, to let the gentle aire
Drie vp their sweat; then to the tent; where Hecamed the faire
Set chaires, and for the wounded Prince, a potion did prepare.
This Hecamed, by wars hard fate, fell to old Nestors share,
When Thetis sonne sackt Tenedos. She was the Princely seed
Of worthie king Arsynous, and by the Greeks decreed
The prize of Nestor: since all men, in counsell he surpast.
First, a faire table she apposd, of which, the feet were grac't
With blewish mettall, mixt with blacke: and on the same she put
A brasse fruit dish, in which she seru'd, a holsome Onion cur,
[Page 154]For pittance to the potion, and honey newly wrought;
And bread, the fruite of sacred meale: then to the boord she brought
A right faire cup, with gold studs driuen; which Nestor did transfer
From Pylos; on whose swelling sides, foure handles fixed were;
And vpon euerie handle sate, a paire of doues of gold;
Some billing, and some pecking meate. Two gilt feet did vphold
The antique body: and withall, so weightie was the cup,
That being proposd brim full of wine, one scarse could lift it vp:
Yet Nestor drunke in it with ease, spite of his yeares respect.
In this the Goddesse-like faire Dame, a potion did confect
With good old wine of Pramnius; and scrap't into the wine
Cheese made of Goates milke; and on it, sperst flow'r exceeding fine:
In this sort for the wounded Lord, the potion she prepar'd,
And bad him drinke: for companie, with him old Nestor shar'd.
Thus physically quencht they thirst, and then their spirits reuiu'd
With pleasant conference. And now, Patroclus being arriu'd,
Made stay at th'entrie of the tent: old Nestor seeing it,
Rose, and receiu'd him by the hand, and faine would haue him sit.
He set that courtesie aside; excusing it with hast;
Since his much to be reuerenc't friend, sent him to know who past
(Wounded with him in chariot) so swiftly through the shore;
Whom now, said he, I see and know, and now can stay no more:
You know good father, our great friend, is apt to take offence:
Whose fierie temper will inflame, sometimes with innocence.
He answerd, When will Peleus sonne, some royall pittie show
Nestor to Pa­troci [...].
On his thus wounded countrimen? Ah, is he yet to know
How much affliction tires our host? how our especiall aide
(Tainted with lances, at their tents) are miserably laide?
Vlysses, Diomed, our King, Euripylus, Machaon:
All hurt, and all our worthiest friends; yet no compassion
Can supple thy friends friendlesse breast. Doth he reserue his eye
Till our fleet burne, and we our selues, one after other die?
Alas, my forces are not now, as in my yonger life.
Oh would to God I had that strength, I vsed in the strife
Betwixt vs and the Elians, for Oxen to be driuen;
When Itumonius lo [...]tie soule, was by my valour giuen
As sacrifice to destinie; Hypporocus strong sonne,
That dwelt in Elis, and fought first, in our contention.
We forrag'd (as proclaimed foes) a wondrous wealthie boote;
And he, in rescue of his Herds, fell breathlesse at my foote.
All the Dorpe Bores with terror fled; our prey was rich and great,
Twise fiue and twentie flocks of sheepe; as many herds of neate;
As many goates, and nastie swine; a hundred fiftie mares
All sorrell, most with sucking foales; and these soone-monied wares,
We draue into Neileus towne, faire Pylos; all by night.
My fathers heart was glad to see, so much good fortune quite
The forward mind of his young sonne, that vsde my youth in deeds▪
And would not smother it in moods. Now drew the Suns bright steeds
[Page 155]Light from the hils; our heralds now, accited all that were
Endamag'd by the Elians; our Princes did appeare;
Our boote was parted; many men, th' Epeians much did owe,
That (being our neighbors) they did spoile; afflictions did so flow
On vs poore Pyleans though but few. In brake great Hereules
To our sad confines of late yeares, and wholly did suppresse
Our haplesse Princes: twice sixe sonnes, renownd Neleius bred;
Onely my selfe am left of all: the rest subdude and dead.
And this was it that made so proud, the base Epeian bands:
On their neare neighbors, being opprest, to lay iniurious hands,
A heard of Oxen for himselfe: a mightie flocke of sheepe,
My Syre selected; and made choice, of shepheards for their keep:
And from the generall spoyle, he culd, three hundred of the best:
The Elians ought him infinite, most plagu'd of all the rest.
Foure wager-winning horse he lost, and chariots interuented
Being led to an appointed race. The prize that was presented
Was a religious threefoote vrne: Augeas was the king,
That did detaine them, and dismist, their keeper sorrowing
For his lou'd charge, lost with foule words. Then both for words and deeds
My Sire being worthily incenst, thus iustly he proceeds
To satisfaction, in first choice, of all our wealthie prize:
And as he shar'd much, much he left, his subiects to suffise;
That none might be opprest with power, or want his portion due:
Thus for the publike good we shar'd. Then we to temples drue
Our complete citie: and to heauen, we thankfull rights did burne
For our rich conquest. The third day, ensuing our returne
The Elians flew on vs in heapes: their generall Leaders were
The two Moliones, two boyes, vntrained in the feare
Of horrid warre, or vse of strength. A certaine citie shines
Vpon a loftie Prominent; and in th'extreme confines
Of sandie Pylos, seated where, Alpheus flood doth run,
And cald Thryessa: this they sieg'd, and gladly would haue wun:
But (hauing past through all our fields) Minerua as our spie,
Fell from Olympus in the night, and arm'd vs instantly:
Nor mustred she vnwilling men, nor vnprepar'd for force.
My Sire yet, would not let me arme, but hid away my horse,
Esteeming me no souldier yet: yet shin'd I nothing lesse
Amongst our Gallants, though on foote; Minerua [...] mightinesse
Led me to fight, and made me beare, a souldiers worthie name.
There is a floud fals into sea, and his crookt course doth frame
Close to Arena, and is cald, bright Myniaeus streame:
There made we halt: and there the Sun, cast many a glorious beame
On our bright armours; horse and foote, insea'd together there:
Then marcht we on: By fierie noone, we saw the sacred cleare
Of great Alphaeus; where to Ioue, we did faire sacrifice:
And to the azure God that rules, the vnder-liquid skies:
We offerd vp a solemne Bull; a bull t' Alph [...]us name,
And to the blew eyd maid we burnd, a heifer neuer tame.
[Page 156]Now was it night, we supt, and slept, about the flood in armes;
The foe laide hard siege to our towne, and shooke it with ala [...]mes:
But for preuention of their splenes, a mightie worke of warre
Appeard behind them. For as soone, as Phoebus fierie Carre
Cast nights foule darknes from his wheeles (inuoking reuerend Ioue,
And the vnconquerd maide (his birth) we did th'euent approue,
And gaue them battell: first of all, I slue (the armie saw)
The mightie souldier Mulius, Augeus sonne in law;
And spoyld him of his one-hou'd horse: his eldest daughter was
Bright Agamede, that for skill, in simples did surpasse:
And knew as many kind of drugs, as earths brode center bred:
Him charg'd I with my brasse arm'd lance, the dust receiu'd him dead.
I (leaping to his chariot) amongst the formost prest:
And the great hearted Elyans, fled frighted, seeing their best
And lofti'st souldier taken downe, the Generall of their horse.
I follow'd like a blacke whi [...]lwind, and did for prize enforce
Full fiftie chariots, euerie one, furnisht with two arm'd men;
Who eate the earth, slaine with my lance; and I had slaughterd then
The two young boyes, Moliones, if their world circling Sire,
(Great Neptune) had not saft their liues; and couered their retire
With vnpierc't clouds: then Ioue bestow'd a haughtie victorie
Vpon vs Pyleans. For so long, we did the chase apply,
Slaughtring and making spoile of armes; till sweet Buprasius soile,
Alesius, and Olenia, were fam'd with our recoile.
For there Minerua turnd our power: and there the last I slew;
As when our battell ioyn'd, the first: the Peleans then withdrew
To Pylos from Buprasius. Of all the Immortals then,
They most thankt Ioue for victorie; Nestor, the most of men.
Such was I euer, if I were, employd with other Peeres,
And I had honour of my youth, which dies not in my yeares.
But Great Achilles onely ioyes, habilitie of act
In his braue Prime, and doth not daine, t'impart it where tis lackt.
No doubt he will extremely mourne, long after that blacke howre,
Wherein our ruine shall be wrought, and rue his ruthlesse powre.
O friend, my memorie reuiues, the charge Menetius gaue
Thy towardnesse; when thou setst forth, to keepe out of the graue
Our wounded honour; I my selfe, and wise Vlysses were
Within the roome, where euerie word, then spoken we did heare:
For we were come to Peleus Court, as we did mustering passe
Through rich Achaia; where thy Sire, renownd Menetius was,
Thy selfe and great Aeacides; when Peleus the King
To thunder-louing Ioue did burne, an Oxe for offering,
In his Court-yard: a cup of gold, crownd with red wine he held
On th'holy Incensorie pour'd. You, when the Oxe was feld,
Were dressing his diuided lims; we in the Portall stood.
Achilles seeing vs come so neare; his honorable blood,
Was strooke with a respectiue shame, rose, tooke vs by the hands,
Brought vs both in, and made vs sit, and vsde his kind commands,
[Page 157]For seemely hospitable rights; which quickly were apposd.
Then (after needfulnesse of foode) I first of all disclosd
The royall cause of our repaire; mou'd you and your great friend,
To consort our renown'd designes: both straight did condescend;
Your fathers knew it, gaue consent, and graue instruction
To both your valours. Peleus charg'd, his most vnequald sonne,
To gouerne his victorious strength, and shine past all the rest
In honour, as in meere maine force. Then were thy partings blest
With deare aduices from thy Sire. My loued sonne, said he,
Achilles by his grace of birth, superiour is to thee,
And for his force more excellent; yet thou more ripe in yeares:
Then with sound counsels (ages fruits) imploy his honord yeares,
Command and ouerrule his moodes; his nature will obay
In any charge discreetly giuen, that doth his good assay.
Thus charg'd thy Sire, which thou forgetst; yet now at last approue
(With forced reference of these) th'attraction of his loue.
Who knowes if sacred influence, may blesse thy good intent,
And enter with thy gracious words, euen to his full consent?
The admonition of a friend, is sweet and vehement.
If any Oracle he shun, or if his mother Queene
Hath brought him some instinct from Ioue, that fortifies his spleerie;
Let him resigne command to thee, of all his Myrmidons,
And yeeld by that meanes some repulse, to our confusions;
Adorning thee in his bright armes, that his resembled forme
May haply make thee thought himselfe, and calme his hostile storme:
That so a little we may ease, our ouercharged hands;
Draw some breath, not expire it all: the foe but faintly stands
Beneath his labours; and your charge, being fierce, and freshly giuen,
They easly from our tents and fleet, may to their walls be driuen.
This mou'd the good Patroclus mind, who made his vtmost haste,
T'informe his friend; and at the fleet, of Ithacus he past,
(At which there markets were disposd, counsels and martiall courts,
And where to th'Altars of the Gods, they made diuineresorts)
He met renownd Eurypilus, Euemons noble sonne
Halting; his thigh hurt with a shaft: the liquid sweate did run
Downe from his shoulders, and his browes: and from his raging wound
Forth flow'd his melancholy blood, yet still his mind was sound.
His sight, in kinde Patroclus breast, to sacred pittie turnd,
And (nothing more immartiall, for true ruth) thus he mournd;
Ah wretched progenie of Greece, Princes, deiected kings:
Was it your fates to nourish beasts, and serue the outcast wings
Of sauage Vultures here in Troy? Tell me, Euemons fame,
Do yet the Greeks withstand his force, whom yet no force can tame?
Or are they hopelesse throwne to death, by his resistlesse lance?
Diuine Patroclus (he replide) no more can Greece aduance
Defensiue weapons; but to fleet, they headlong must retire:
For those that to this howre haue held, our fleet from hostile fire,
And are the bulwarks of our host, lie wounded at their tents;
[Page 158]And Troys vnuanquishable pow [...]e, still as it toiles augments.
But take me to thy blacke sternd ship, saue me, and from my thie
Cut out this arrow; and the blood, that is ingor'd and drie,
Wash with warme water from the wound: then gentle salues apply,
Which thou knowest best; thy Princely friend, hath taught thee surgerie;
Whom (of all Centaures the most iust) Chyron did institute:
Thus to thy honorable hands, my ease I prosecute,
Since our Physitians cannot helpe: Machaon at his tent
Needs a Physitian himselfe, being Leach and patient:
And Podalirius in the field, the sharpe conflict sustaines.
Strong Menetiades replide; How shall I ease thy paines?
What shall we do Eurypilus? I am to vse all haste,
To signifie to Thetis sonne, occurrents that haue past
At Nestors honorable suite: but be that worke atchieu'd,
When this is done, I will not leaue, thy torments vnrelieu'd.
This said, athwart his backe he cast, beneath his breast, his arme,
And nobly helpt him to his tent: his seruants seeing his harme,
Dispread Ox-hides vpon the earth, whereon Machaon lay:
Patroclus cut out the sharpe shaft, and clearely washt away
With luke-warme water the blacke blood: then twixt his hands he brusde
A sharpe and mitigatorie roote: which when he had infusde
Into the greene well-cleansed wound, the paines he felt before
Were well, and instantly allaid, the wound did bleed no more.
The end of the eleuenth Boooke.


THe Troians at the trench, their powres engage,
Though greeted by a bird, of bad presage.
In fiue parts they diuide, their powre, to skale,
And Prince Sarpedon forceth downe the pale;
Great Hector from the Ports, teares out a stone,
And with so dead a strength, he sets it gone
At those brode gates the Grecians made to g [...]ard
Their tents and ships: that, broken, and vnbard,
They yeeld way to his powre; when all contend
To reach the ships: which all at last ascend.
Another Argument.
My, workes the Troians all the grace,
And doth the Grecian Fort deface.
PAtroclus, thus emploid in cure, of hurt Eurypilus;
Both hosts are all for other wounds, doubly contentious;
One, all wayes labouring to expell; the other to inuade:
Nor could the brode dike of the Grecks, nor that strong wall they made
To guard their fleete, be long vnrac't; because it was not raisd,
By graue direction of the Gods; nor were their Deities praisd
(When they begun) with Hecatombes, that then they might be sure
(Their strength being season'd wel with heauēs) it should haue force t'endure;
And so, the safeguard of their fleete, and all their treasure there
Infallibly had bene confirm'd; when now, their bulwarks were
Not onely without powre of checke, to their assaulting foe
(Euen now, as soone as they were built) but apt to ouerthrow:
Such, as in verie little time, shall burie all their sight
And thought, that euer they were made: as long as the despight
Of great Aeacides held vp, and Hector went not downe:
And that by those two meanes stood safe, king Priams sacred towne:
So long their rampire had some vse, (though now it gaue some way:)
But when Troyes best men sufferd Fate, and many Greeks did pay
Deare for their sufferance; then the rest, home to their countrie turnd,
The tenth yeare of their warres at Troy, and Troy was sackt and burnd.
And then the Gods fell to their Fort: then they their powres imploy
To ruine their worke, and left lesse, of that then they, of Troy.
Neptun [...] and Phoeb [...] o [...]er­turne the Gre­cian rampire.
Neptune and Phoebus tumbl'd downe, from the Idalian hils,
An inundation of all floods, that thence the brode sea fils
[Page 160]On their huge rampire; in one glut, all these together rorde,
Rhesus, Heptaporus, Rhodius, Scamander, (the adorde)
The names of the riuers about Troy.
Caresus, Simois, Grenicus, Aesepus: of them all,
Apollo open'd the rough mouths; and made their lustie fall
Rauish the dustie champian, where, many a helme and shield,
And halfe-god race of men were strew'd: and that all these might yeeld
Full tribute to the heauenly worke: Neptune and Phoebus wun
Ioue to vnburthen the blacke wombes, of clouds (fild by the Sun)
And poure them into all their streames, that quickly they might send
The huge wall swimming to the Sea. Nine dayes their lights did spend
To nights, in tempests; and when all, their vtmost depth had made,
Ioue, Phoebus, Neptune, all came downe, and all in state did wade
To ruine of that impious fort: Great Neptune went before,
Wrought with his trident, and the stones, trunkes, rootes of trees he tore
Out of the rampire: tost them all, into the Hellespont;
Euen all the prowd toile of the Greeks, with which they durst confront
The to-be-shunned Deities: and not a stone remaind,
Of all their huge foundations, all with the earth were plaind.
Which done; againe the Gods turnd backe, the siluer flowing floods,
By that vast channell, through whose vaults, they pourd abrode their broods,
And couerd all the ample shore, againe with dustie sand:
And this the end was of that wall, where now so many a hand
Was emptied of stones and darts, contending to inuade;
Where Clamor spent so high a throate; and where the fell blowes made
The new-built woodden turrets grone. And here the Greeks were pent,
Tam'd with the Iron whip of Ioue: that terrors vehement
Shooke ouer them by Hectors hand, who was (in euerie thought)
The terror-maister of the field, and like a whirlewind fought;
Hector like a whirlwind, and Lion.
As fresh, as in his morns first charge. And as a sauage Bore
Or Lion, hunted long; at last, with hounds and hunters store,
Is compast round; they charge him close: and stand (as in a towre
They had inchac't him) pouring on, of darts an Iron showre:
His glorious heart yet, nought appald, and forcing forth his way:
Here ouerthrowes a troope, and there; a running ring doth stay
His vtter passage: when againe, that stay he ouerthrowes,
And then the whole field frees his rage: so Hector wearies blowes,
Runs out his charge vpon the Fort: and all his force would force
To passe the dike. Which being so deepe, they could not get their horse
To venter on: but trample, snore, and on the verie brinke,
To neigh with spirit, yet still stand off: nor would a humane thinke
The passage safe; or if it were, twas lesse safe for retreate,
The dike being euerie where so deep; and (where twas least deep) set
With stakes exceeding thicke, sharpe, strong, that horse could neuer passe;
Much lesse their chariots, after them: yet for the foote there was
Some hopefull seruice, which they wisht. Polydamas then spake;
Hector, and all our friends of Troy, we indiscreetly make
Polyd [...] s [...]d c [...]nsell to He­ctor.
Offer of passage with our horse: ye see the stakes, the wall,
Impossible for horse to take: nor can men fight at all,
[Page 161]The place being streight, and much more apt, to let vs take our bane,
Then giue the enemie: and yet, if Ioue decree the wane
Of Grecian glory vtterly: and so bereaue their hearts,
That we may freely charge them thus, and then, will take our parts:
I would with all speed, wish th'assault: that vgly shame might shed
(Thus farre from home) these Grecians bloods. But if they once turne head,
And sallie on vs from their fleet, when in so deepe a dike
We shall lie struggling; not a man, of all our hoast is like
To liue, and carrie backe the newes: and therefore, be it thus:
Here leaue we horse, kept by our men, and all on foot let vs
Hold close together, and attend, the grace of Hectors guide;
And then they shall not beare our charge, our conquest shall be did▪
In their liues purples. This aduice, pleasd Hector, for twas sound:
Who first obeyd it, and full arm'd, betooke him to the ground:
And then all left their chariots, when he was seene to leade;
Rushing about him, and gaue vp, each chariot and steed
To their directors to be kept, in all procinct of warre:
There, and on that side of the dike. And thus the rest prepare
Their onset: In fiue regiments, they all their powre diuide:
Each regiment allow'd three Chiefes; of all which, euen the pride,
Seru'd in great Hectors Regiment: for all were set on fire
(Their passage beaten through the wall) with hazardous desire,
That they might once, but fight at fleete. With Hector, Captaines were,
Polydamas, and Cebriones, who was his chariotere:
But Hector found that place a worse. Chiefes of the second band,
Were Paris, and Alcathous, Agenor. The command
The third strong Phalanx had, was giuen, to th'Augure Hellenus;
Deiphobus, that God-like man, and mightie Asius;
Euen Asius Hyrtacides, that from Arisba rode
The huge bay horse, and had his house, where riuer Selleës flowde.
The fourth charge, good Aeneas led, and with him were combinde
Archelochus, and Acamas (Antenors dearest kinde)
And excellent at euerie fight. The fifth braue companie,
Sarpedon had to charge; who chusde, for his commands supply,
Asteropoeus great in armes, and Glaucus; for both these
Were best of all men, but himselfe: but he was fellowlesse.
Thus fitted with their well wrought shields, downe the steepe dike they go;
And (thirstie of the walls assault) beleeue in ouerthrow:
Not doubting but with headlong fals, to tumble downe the Greeks,
From their blacke nauie: in which trust, all on; and no man seeks
To crosse Polydamas aduice, with any other course,
But Asius Hyrtacides, who (prowd of his bay horse)
Would not forsake them; nor his man, that was their manager,
(Foole that he was) but all to fleete: and little knew how neare
An ill death sat him, and a sure; and that he neuer more
Must looke on loftie Ilion: but lookes, and all, before,
Put on th'all-couering mist of Fate; that then did hang vpon
The lance of great
Idomen [...].
Deucalides: he fatally rusht on
[Page 162]The left hand way; by which the Greeks, with horse and chariot,
Came vsually from field to fleet: close to the gates he got,
Which both vnbard and ope he found; that so the easier might
An entrie be for any friend, that was behind in flight;
Yet not much easier for a foe: because there was a guard
Maintaind vpon it, past his thought; who still put for it hard,
Eagerly showting: and with him, were fiue more friends of name
That would not leaue him, though none else, would hunt that way for fame
(In their free choice) but he himselfe. Orestes, Iamenus,
And Acamas, Asiades, Thoon, O [...]nomaus,
Were those that followed Asius: within the gates they found
Two eminently valorous, that from the race renownd
Of the right valiant Lapithes, deriu'd their high descent.
Fierce Leonteus was the one, like Mars in detriment;
S [...]ch maketh Virgil Panda­rus and Bitias.
The other mightie Polepaet, the great Pirithous sonne.
These stood within the loftie gates, and nothing more did shun,
The charge of Asius and his friends, then two high hill-bred Okes,
Well rooted in the binding earth, obey the airie strokes
Of wind and weather, standing firme, gainst euerie seasons spight:
Yet they poure on continued showts, and beare their shields vpright:
When in the meane space Polypaet, and Leonteus cheard
Their souldiers to the fleets defence: but when the rest had heard
The Troians in attempt to skale, Clamor and flight did flow
Amongst the Grecians: and then (the rest dismaid) these two
Met Asius entring; thrust him backe, and fought before their doores:
Nor far'd they then like Okes, that stood, but as a brace of Bores
Coucht in their owne bred hill, that heare, a sort of hunters showt
And hounds in hote traile coming on; then from their dens breake out,
Trauerse their force, and suffer not, in wildnesse of their way,
About them any plant to stand: but thickets, offering stay,
Breake through, and [...]end vp by the roots; whet gnashes into aire,
Which Tumult fils, with showts, hounds, horns, and all the hote affaire
Beates at their bosomes: so their armes, rung with assailing blowes;
And so they stird them in repulse, right well assur'd that those
Who were within, and on the wall, would adde their parts; who knew
They now fought for their tents, fleet, liues, and fame; and therefore threw
Stones from the wals and towres, as thicke, as when a drift wind shakes
Blacke-clouds in peeces, and plucks snow, in great and plumie flakes
From their soft bosomes, till the ground, be wholly cloth'd in white;
So earth was hid with stones and darts: darts from the Troian fight,
Stones from the Greeks, that on the helms, and bossie Troian shields
Kept such a rapping, it amaz'd, great Asius, who now yeelds
Sighes, beates his thighes: and in a rage, his fault to Ioue applies.
O Ioue (said he) now cleare thou shew'st, thou art a friend to lies;
Asi [...] neare his d [...]ath blames [...] for it.
Pretending, in the flight of Greece, the making of it good,
To all their ruines: which I thought, could neuer be withstood,
Yet they, as yellow Waspes, or Bees (that hauing made their nest
Apta ad rem comparatio.
The gasping Cranny of a hill) when for a hunters feast,
[Page 163]Hunters come hote and hungrie in; and dig for honny Comes:
They flie vpon them, strike and sting: and from their hollow homes
Will not be beaten, but defend, their labours fruite, and brood:
No more will these be from their port, but either lose their blood
(Although but two, against all vs) or be our prisoners made;
All this, to do his action grace, could not firme Ioue perswade,
Who for the generall counsell stood; and (gainst his singular braue)
Bestow'd on Hector that daies fame. Yet he, and these behaue
Themselues thus nobly at this port: but how at other ports,
And all alongst the stony wall, sole force, gainst force and forts,
Rag'd in contention twixt both hoasts: it were no easie thing,
(Had I the bosome of a God) to tune to life, and sing.
The Troians fought not of themselues, a fire from heauen was throwne
That ran amongst them, through the wall, meere added to their owne.
The Greeks held not their owne: weake griefe, went with her witherd hand,
And dipt it deepely in their spirits; since they could not command
Their forces to abide the field, whom harsh Necessitie
( [...]o saue those ships should bring them home) and their good forts supply
Draue to th'expulsiue fight they made; and this might stoope them more
Then Need it selfe could eleuate: for euen Gods did deplore
Their dire estates, and all the Gods, that were their aids in war:
Who (though they could not cleare their plights) yet were their friends thus far,
Still to vphold the better sort: for then did Polepaet passe
A lance at Damasus, whose helme, was made with cheekes of brasse,
Yet had not proofe enough; the pyle, draue through it, and his skull;
His braine in blood drownd; and the man, so late so spiritfull,
Fell now quite spirit-lesse to earth. So emptied he the veines
Of Pylon, and Ormenus liues: and then Leonteus gaines
The lifes end of Hippomachus, Antimachus-his sonne;
His lance fell at his girdle stead, and with his end, begun
Another end: Leonteus, left him, and through the prease
(His keene sword drawne) ran desperatly, vpon Antiphates;
And liuelesse tumbled him to earth. Nor could all these liues quench
His fierie spirit, that his flame, in Menons blood did drench,
And rag'd vp, euen to Iamens, and yong Orestes life;
All heapt together, made their peace, in that red field of strife.
Whose faire armes while the victors [...]poild; the youth of Ilion
(Of which thereseru'd the most and best) still boldly built vpon
The wisedome of Polydamas, and Hectors matchlesse strength;
And follow'd, fild with wondrous spirit; with wish, and hope at length
(The Greeks wall wun) to fire their fleet. But (hauing past the dike,
And willing now, to passe the wall) this prodigie did strike
Their hearts with some deliberate stay: A high-flowne-Eagle sorde
On their troopes left hand, and sustaind, a Dragon all engorde,
In her strong seres, of wondrous sise, and yet had no such checke
In life and spirit, but still she fought; and turning backe her necke
So stung the Eagles gorge, that downe, she cast her feruent prey,
Amongst the multitude; and tooke, vpon the winds, her way;
[Page 164]Crying with anguish. When they saw, a branded Serpent sprawle
So full amongst them; from aboue, and from Ioues fowle let fall:
They tooke it an ostent from him; stood frighted; and their cause
Polydamas thought iust, and spake; Hector, you know, applause
Polydamas to Hector.
Of humour hath bene farre from me; nor fits it, or in warre,
Or in affaires of Court, a man, imploid in publicke care,
To blanch things further then their truth, or flatter any powre:
And therefore, for that simple course, your strength hath oft bene sowre
To me in counsels: yet againe, what shewes in my thoughts best,
I must discouer: let vs ceasse, and make their flight our rest
For this dayes honor; and not now, attempt the Grecian fleet;
For this (I feare) will be th'euent; the prodigie doth meet
So full with our affaire in hand. As this high flying fowle,
Vpon the left wing of our host, (implying our controwle)
Houerd aboue vs; and did trusse, within her golden seres
A Serpent so embrew'd, and bigge, which yet (in all her feares)
Kept life, and feruent spirit to fight, and wrought her owne release;
Nor did the Eagles Airie, feed: So though we thus farre prease
Vpon the Grecians; and perhaps, may ouerrune their wall,
Our high minds aiming at their fleet; and that we much appall
Their trussed spirits; yet are they, so Serpent-like disposd
That they willl fight, though in our seres; and will at length be losd
With all our outcries; and the life, of many a Troian breast,
Shall with the Eagle flie, before, we carrie to our nest
Them, or their nauie: thus expounds, the Augure this ostent;
Whose depth he knowes; & these should feare. Hector, with countenance bent
Thus answerd him: Polydamas, your depth in augurie
Hector to Po­lydamas.
I like not; and know passing well, thou dost not satisfie
Thy selfe in this opinion: or if thou think'st it true,
Thy thoughts, the Gods blind; to aduise, and vrge that as our due,
That breakes our duties; and to [...]oue, whose vow and signe to me
Is past directly for our speed: yet light-wingd birds must be
(By thy aduice) our Oracles, whose feathers little stay
My serious actions. What care I, if this, or th'other way
Their wild wings sway them: if the right, on which the Sunne doth rise,
Or, to the left hand, where he sets? Tis Ioues high counsell flies
With those wings, that shall beare vp vs: Ioues, that both earth and heauen,
Both men and Gods sustaines and rules: One augurie is giuen
To order all men, best of all; fight for thy countries right.
But why fearst thou our further charge? for though the dangerous fight
Strew all men he [...]e about the fleet, yet thou needst neuer feare
To beare their Fates; thy warie heart, will neuer trust thee, where
An enemies looke is; and yet fight: for, if thou dar'st abstaine,
Or whisper into any eare, an abstinence so vaine
As thou aduisest: neuer feare, that any foe shall take
Thy life from thee, for tis this lance. This said, all forwards make,
Himselfe the first: yet before him, exulting Clamor flew;
And thunder-louing-Iupiter, from loftie Ida blew
[Page 165]A storme that vsherd their assault, and made them charge like him:
It draue directly on the fleet, a dust so fierce and dim,
That it amaz'd the Grecians: but was a grace diuine,
To Hector and his following troopes, who wholly did encline
To him, being now in grace with Ioue: and so put boldly on
To raze the rampire: in whose height, they fiercely set vpon
The Parrapets, and puld them downe, rac't euery formost fight;
And all the Butteresses of stone, that held their towers vpright;
They tore away, with Crowes of Iron; and hop't to ruine all.
The Greeks yet stood, and still repaird, the forefights of their wall
With hides of Oxen, and from thence, they pourd downe stones in showres
Vpon the vnderminers heads. Within the formost towres,
Both the Aiaces had command; who answer'd euerie part,
Th'assaulters, and their souldiers; represt, and put in heart:
Repairing valour as their wall: spake some faire, some reprou'd,
Who euer made not good his place: and thus they all sorts mou'd;
O countrimen, now need in aid, would haue excesse be spent:
The excellent must be admir'd; the meanest excellent;
The worst, do well: in changing warre, all should not be alike,
Nor any idle: which to know, fits all, lest Hector strike
Your minds with frights, as eares with threats; forward be all your hands,
Vrge one another: this doubt downe, that now betwixt vs stands,
Ioue will go with vs to their wals. To this effect, alow'd
Spake both the Princes: and as high (with this) th'expulsion flow'd.
And as in winter time, when Ioue, his cold-sharpe iauelines throwes
Amongst vs mortals; and is mou'd, to white earth with his snowes:
(The winds asleepe) he freely poures, till highest Prominents,
Hill tops, low meddowes, and the fields, that crowne with most contents
The toiles of men: sea ports, and shores, are hid, and euerie place,
But floods (that snowes faire tender flakes, as their owne brood, embrace:)
So both fides couerd earth with stones, so both for life contend,
To shew their sharpnesse: through the wall, vprore stood vp an end.
Nor had great Hector and his friends, the rampire ouerrun,
If heauens great Counsellour, high Ioue, had not inflam'd his sonne
Sarpedon (like the forrests king, when he on Oxen flies)
Against the Grecians: his round targe, he to his arme applies
Brasse-leau'd without: and all within, thicke Oxe-hides quilted hard:
The verge naild round with rods of gold, and with two darts prepard;
He leades his people: as ye see, a mountaine Lion fare,
Long kept from prey: in forcing which, his high mind makes him dare,
Assault vpon the whole full fold: though guarded neuer so
With well-arm'd men, and eager dogs; away he will not go,
But venture on, and either snatch, a prey, or be a prey:
So far'd diuine Sarpedons mind, resolu'd to force his way
Sarpedons [...] to Glaucus, ne­uer equalled by [...]y (in this kind) of all [...] [...]aue written.
Through all the fore-fights, and the wall: yet since he did not see
Others as great as he, in name, as great in mind as he:
He spake to Glaucus: Glaucus, say, why are we honord more
Then other men of Lycia, in place? with greater store
[Page 166]Of meates and cups? with goodlier roofes? delightsome gardens? walks?
More lands, and better? so much wealth, that Court and countrie talks
Of vs, and our possessions; and euery way we go,
Gaze on vs as we were their Gods? this where we dwell, is so:
The shores of Xanthus ring of this; and shall not we exceed,
As much in merit, as in noise? Come, be we great in deed
As well as looke; shine not in gold, but in the flames of fight;
That so our neat-arm'd-Lycians, may say; See, these are right
Our kings, our Rulers; these deserue, to eate, and drinke the best;
These gouerne not ingloriously: these, thus exceed the rest,
Do more then they command to do. O friend, if keeping backe
Would keepe backe age from vs, and death; and that we might not wracke
In this lifes humane sea at all: but that deferring now
We shund death euer; nor would I, halfe this vaine valour show,
Nor glorifie a folly so, to wish thee to aduance:
Bur since we must go, though not here; and that, besides the chance
Proposd now, there are infinite fates, of other sort in death,
Which (neither to be fled nor scap't) a man must sinke beneath:
Come, trie we, if this sort be ours: and either render thus,
Glorie to others, or make them, resigne the like to vs.
This motion, Glaucus shifted not, but (without words) obeyd;
Sarpedon and Glaucus charge together.
Fore-right went both, a mightie troope, of Lycians followed.
Which, by Menestheus obseru'd; his haire stood vp on end,
For at the towre where he had charge, he saw Calamitie bend
Her horrid browes in their approch. He threw his looks about
The whole fights neare, to see what Chiefe, might helpe the miserie out
Of his poore souldiers, and beheld, where both th'Aiaces fought,
And Teucer, newly come from fleete: whom it would profit nought
To call, since Tumult on their helmes, shields, and vpon the ports
L [...]id such lowde claps; for euerie way, defences of all sorts
Were adding, as Troy tooke away; and Clamor flew so high
Her wings strooke heauen, and drownd all voice. The two Dukes yet so nigh
And at the offer of assault; he to th'Aiaces sent
Thoos the herald, with this charge: Run to the regiment
T [...]oos sent to the A [...]aces for aide by Menestheus.
Of both th'Aiaces, and call Both, for both were better here,
Since here will slaughter, instantly; be more enforc't then there.
The Lycian Captaines this way make, who in the fights of stand,
Haue often shew'd much excellence: yet if laborious hand
Be there more needfull then I hope, at least afford vs some,
Let Aiax Telamonius, and th'Archer Teucer come.
The Herald hasted, and arriu'd; and both th'Aiaces told,
That Peteus noble sonne desir'd, their little labour would
Employ it selfe in succouring him. Both their supplies were best,
Since death assaild his quarter most: for on it fiercely prest
The well-prou'd mightie Lycian Chiefs. Yet if the seruice there
Allowd not both, he praid that one, part of his charge would beare,
And that was Aiax Telamon, with whom he wisht would come,
The Archer Teucer. Telamon, left instantly his roome
[Page 167]To strong Lycomedes, and will'd, Aiax Oiliades
With him to make vp his supply, and fill with courages
The Grecian hearts till his returne, which should be instantly
When he had well relieu'd his friend. With this, the companie
Of Teucer he tooke to his aide: Teucer, that did descend
(As Aiax did) from Telamon: with these two did attend
Pandion, that bo [...]e Teucers bow. When to Menestheus towre
They came, alongst the wall; they found, him, and his heartned powre
Toyling in making strong their fort. The Lycian Princes set
Blacke whirlwind-like, with both their powers, vpon the Parapet.
Aiax, and all, resisted them. Clamor amongst them rose:
The slaughter, Aiax led; who first, the last deare sight did close
Of strong Epicles, that was friend, to Ioues great Lycian sonne.
Amongst the high munition heape, a mightie marble stone
Lay highest, neare the Pinnacle; a stone of such a paise,
That one of this times strongest men, with both hands, could not raise:
Yet this did Aiax rowse, and throw; and all in sherds did driue
Epicles foure-topt caske and skull; who (as ye see one diue
In some deepe riuer) left his height; life left his bones withall.
Teucer shot Glaucus (rushing vp, yet higher on the wall)
Glaucus woun­ded by Teucer.
Where naked he discernd his arme, and made him steale retreat
From that hote seruice; lest some Greeke, with an insulting threat,
(Beholding it) might fright the rest. Sarpedon much was grieu'd,
At Glaucus parting, yet fought on; and his great heart relieu'd
Sarpedon reuen­geth Glaucus.
A little with Alcmaons blood, surnam'd Thestorides,
Whose life he hurld out with his lance; which following through the prease,
He drew from him. Downe from the towre, Alcmaon dead it strooke;
His faire armes ringing out his death. Then fierce Sarpedon tooke
In his strong hand the battlement, and downe he tore it quite:
The wall stript naked, and brode way, for entrie and full fight,
He made the many. Against him, Aiax and Teucer made;
Teucer, the rich belt on his breast, did with a shaft inuade:
But Iupiter auerted death; who would not see his sonne
Die at the tailes of th'Achiue ships. Aiax did fetch his run,
And (with his lance) strooke through the targe, of that braue Lycian king;
Yet kept he it from further passe; nor did it any thing
Dismay his mind, although his men, stood off from that high way,
His valour made them; which he kept, and hop't that stormie day
Should euer make his glorie cleare. His mens fault thus he blam'd;
O Lycians, why are your hote spirits, so quickly disinflam'd?
Sarpedon to hi [...] souldiers.
Suppose me ablest of you all: tis hard for me alone,
To ruine such a wall as this; and make Confusion,
Way to their Nau [...]e; lend your hands. What many can dispatch
One cannot thinke: the noble worke, of many, hath no match.
The wise kings iust rebuke did strike, a reuerence to his will
Through all his souldiers; all stood in; and gainst all th'Achiues still
Made strong their Squadrons; insomuch, that to the aduerse side
The worke shewd mightie; and the wall, when twas within des [...]ride,
[Page 168]No easie seruice; yet the Greeks, could neither free their wall,
Of these braue Lycians, that held firme, the place they first did skale:
Nor could the Lycians from their fort, the sturdie Grecians driue,
Nor reach their fleet. But as two men, about the limits striue
Admiranda & pene inimitabi­lis comparatio (saith Spond.) and yet in the explication of it, he thinkes all su­per [...] but three words, [...], exi­guo in loco: lea­uing out other words more ex­pressiue with his old rule, vno pe­de, &c.
Of land that toucheth in a field; their measures in their hands,
They mete their parts out curiously, and either stiffely stands,
That so farre is his right in law; both hugely set on fire
About a passing little ground: so greedily aspire
Both these foes, to their seuerall ends; and all exhaust their most
About the verie battlements (for yet no more was lost.)
With sword, and fire they vext for them, their targes hugely round,
With Oxehides lin'd; and bucklers light, and many a ghastly wound
The sterne steele gaue, for that one prise; whereof though some receiu'd
Their portions on their naked backs; yet others were bereau'd
Of braue liues, face-turnd, through their shields: towres, bulwarks euery where
Were freckled with the blood of men; nor yet the Greeks did beare
A simile su [...]i­or to the other, in which, com­paring mightiest things with mea [...]est, & the mea [...]est illustrating the mightiest: both meeting in one end of this lifes preseruatiō, and credit: our Hom. is beyond comparison and admiration. Hector to the Tro [...]ans.
Base back-turnd faces; nor their foes, would therefore be outfac't.
But as a Spinster poore and iust, ye sometimes see strait lac't
About the weighing of her web, who (carefull) hauing charge,
For which, she would prouide some meanes, is loth to be too large
In giuing, or in taking weight; but euer with her hand,
Is doing with the weights and wooll, till Both in iust paise stand:
So euenly stood it with these foes, till Ioue to Hector gaue
The turning of the skoles; who first, against the rampire draue;
And spake so lowd that all might heare: O stand not at the pale
(Braue Troian friends) but mend your hands: vp, and breake through the wall,
And make a bonfire of their fleet. All heard, and all in heapes
Got [...]kaling ladders, and aloft. In meane space, Hector leapes
Vpon the port, from whose out-part, he tore a massie stone
Thicke downwards, vpward edg'd; it was so huge an one
That two vast
[...], duo v [...]ri [...].
yoemen of most strength (such as these times beget)
Could not from earth lift to a Cart: yet he did brandish it,
Alone (Saturnius made it light:) and swinging it as nought,
He came before the plankie gates, that all for strength were wrought,
And kept the Port: two fold they were, and with two rafters bard;
High, and strong lockt: he raisd the stone, bent to the hurle so hard,
And made it with so maine a strength, that all the gates did cracke;
The rafters left them, and the folds one from another brake:
The hinges peece-meale flew, and through, the feruent little rocke
Thundred a passage; with his weight, th'inwall his breast did knocke:
And in rusht Hector, fierce and grimme, as any stormie night;
His brasse armes, round about his breast, reflected terrible light.
Each arme held vp, held each a dart: his presence cald vp all
The dreadfull spirits his Being held, that to the threatned wall
None but the Gods might checke his way: his eyes were furnaces;
And thus he look't backe, cald in all: all fir'd their courages,
And in they flow'd: the Grecians fled, their fleet now, and their freight
Askt all their rescue: Greece went downe, Tumult was at his height.
The end of the twelfth Booke.


NEptune (in pittie of the Greeks hard plight)
Like Calchas, both th' Aiaces, doth excite
And others; to repell, the charging foe.
Idomeneus, brauely doth bestow
His kingly forces; and doth sacrifice
Othryoneus to the Destinies;
With diuers other. Faire Deiphobus,
And his prophetique brother Hellenus
Are wounded. But the great Priamides,
(Gathering his forces) hartens their addresse
Against the enemie; and then, the field,
A mightie death, on either side doth yeeld.
Another Argument.
The Greeks with Troyes bold powre dismaide,
Are chear'd by Neptunes secret aide.
IOue helping Hector, and his host; thus close to th' Achiue flee [...],
He let thē then their own strēgths try; & season there their sweet
With ceaslesse toils, and grieuances. For now he turnd his face,
Lookt down, & viewd the far-off land, of welrode mē in Thrace.
Of the renown'd amilk-nourisht men, the Hippemolgians,
Long-liu'd; most iust, and innocent. And close-fought Mysians:
Nor turnd he any more to Troy, his euer-shining eyes:
Because he thought, not any one, of all the Deities;
(When his care left th'indifferent field) would aide on either side.
But this securitie in Ioue, the great Sea-Rector spide,
Who sate aloft, on th'vtmost top, of shadie Samothrace,
And viewd the fight. His chosen seate, stood in so braue a place,
Neptunes pro­spect.
That Priams cittie, th'Achiue ships, all Ida did appeare,
To his full view; who from the sea, was therefore seated there.
He tooke much ruth, to see the Greeks, by Troy, sustaine such ill,
And (mightily incenst with Ioue) stoopt strait from that steepe hill;
That shooke as he flew off: so hard, his parting prest the height.
The woods, and all the great hils neare, trembled beneath the weight
Of his immortall mouing feet: three steps he onely tooke,
Before he far-off Aegas reacht; but with the fourth, it shooke
With his drad entrie. In the depth, of those seas, he did hold
His bright and glorious pallace built, of neuer-rusting gold;
And there arriu'd, he put in Coach, his brazen-footed steeds,
[Page 170]All golden man'd, and pac't with wings; and all in golden weeds
The horse of Neptune.
He cloth'd himselfe. The golden scourge, (most elegantly done)
He tooke, and mounted to his seate: and then the God begun
To driue his chariot through the waues. From whirlepits euery way
The whales exulted vnder him, and knew their king: the Sea
For ioy did open; and his horse, so swift, and lightly flew:
The vnder-axeltree of Brasse, no drop of water drew.
And thus, these deathlesse Coursers brought, their king to th' Achiu [...] ships.
Twixt th'Imber Cliffs, and Tenedos, a certaine Cauerne creepes
Into the deepe seas gulphie breast, and there th'earth-shaker staid
His forward steeds: tooke them from coach, and heauenly fodder laid
In reach before them. Their brasse houes, he gi [...] with giues of gold
Not to be broken, nor dissolu'd; to make them firmely hold
A fit attendance on their king. Who went to th' Achiue host,
Nept une goes to the Greekes.
Which (like to tempests, or wild flames) the clustring Troians tost;
Insatiably valourous, in Hectors like command;
High founding, and resounding shouts: for Hope chear'd euery hand
To make the Greek fleete now their prise, and all the Greeks destroy.
But Neptune (circler of the earth) with fresh heart did employ
The Grecian hands. In strength of voice, and body, he did take
Calchas resemblance, and (of all) th' Aiaces first bespake;
Who of themselues were free enough: Aiaces? you alone
Neptun [...] to the two A [...]aces.
Sustaine the common good of Greece, in euer putting on
The memorie of Fortitude: and flying shamefull Flight.
Elsewhere, the desperate hands of Troy, could giue me no affright,
The braue Greeks haue withstood their worst: but this our mightie wall
Being thus transcended by their powre; graue Feare doth much appall
My carefull spirits, lest we feele, some fatall mischiefe here;
Where Hector raging like a flame, doth in his charge appeare,
And boasts himselfe the best Gods sonne. Be you conceited so,
And fire so, more then humane spirits; that God may seeme to do
In your deeds: and with such thoughts chear'd, others to such exhort,
And such resistance: these great minds, will in as great a sort,
Strengthen your bodies, and force checke, to all great Hectors charge,
Though nereso spirit-like; and though Ioue still, (past himselfe) enlarge
His sacred actions. Thus he toucht, with his forckt scepters point
The brests of both; fild both their spirits, and made vp euery ioynt
With powre responsiue: when hawk-like, swift, and set sharpe to flie,
That fiercely stooping from a rocke, inaccessible, and hie,
Cuts through a field, and sets a fowle, (not being of her kind)
Hard, and gets ground still: Neptune so, left these two; eithers mind
Beyond themselues raisd. Of both which, Oileus first discern'd
The masking Deitie: and said, Aiax? some God hath warn'd
Aiax Oileus to Aiax Telamo­ [...]ius.
Our powres to fight, and saue our fleet. He put on him the hew
Of th'Augure Calchas: by his pace (in leauing vs) I knew
(Without all question) twas a God: the Gods are easly knowne:
And in my tender brest I feele, a greater spirit blowne,
To execute affaires of fight: I find my hands so free
[Page 171]To all high motion; and my feete, seeme featherd vnder me.
The two [...] to [...] [...].
This, Telamonius thus receiu'd: So, to my thoughts, my hands
Burne with desire to tosse my lance; each foote beneath me stands
Bare on bright fire, to vse his speed: my heart is raisd so hie,
That to encounter Hectors selfe, I long insatiately.
While these thus talkt, as, ouer-ioyd, with studie for the fight,
(Which God had stird vp in their spirits) the same God did excite
The Greekes that were behind at fleet, refreshing their free hearts
And ioynts; being euen dissolu'd with toyle: and (seeing the desprate parts
Playd by the Troians, past their wall) Griefe strooke them; and their eyes
Sweat teares from vnder their sad lids: their instant destinies
Neuer supposing they could scape. But Neptune stepping in,
With ease stird vp the able troopes; and did at first begin
With Teucer, and Peneleus; th'Heroe Leitus;
Deipirus, Meriones, and yong Antilochus;
All expert in the deeds of armes: O youths of Greece (said he)
Nept [...] to the Greekes.
What change is this? In your braue fight, I onely lookt to see
Our fleets whole safetie; and if you, neglect the harmefull field;
Now shines the day, when Greece to Troy, must all her honours yeeld.
O griefe! so great a miracle, and horrible to sight,
As now I see; I neuer thought, could haue prophan'd the light:
The Troians braue vs at our ships, that haue bene heretofore,
Like faint and fearefull Deare in woods; distracted euermore
With euerie sound: and yet scape not, but proue the torne-vp fare
Of Lynces, Wolues, and Leopards; as neuer borne to warre:
Nor durst these Troians at first siege, in any least degree,
Expect your strength; or stand one shocke, of Grecian Chiualrie.
Yet now, farre from their walles they dare, fight at our fleet maintaine;
All by our Generals cowardise, that doth infect his men;
Who (still at ods with him) for that, will needs themselues neglect;
And suffer Slaughter in their ships. Suppose there was defect
(Beyond all question) in our king, to wrong Aeacides;
And he, for his particular wreake, from all assistance cease:
We must not ceasse t'assist our selues. Forgiue our Generall then;
Good minded men apt to for­giue.
And quickly too: apt to forgiue, are all good minded men.
Yet you (quite voide of their good minds) giue good, in you quite lost,
For ill in others: though ye be, the worthiest of your host.
As old as I am, I would scorne, to fight with one that flies,
Or leaues the fight, as you do now. The Generall slothfull lies,
And you (though sloughtfull to) maintaine, with him, a fight of splene.
Out, out, I hate ye from my heart; ye rotten minded men.
In this, ye adde an ill thats worse, then all your sloths dislikes.
But as I know, to all your hearts, my reprehension strikes;
So thither let iust shame strike to; for while you stand still here,
A mightie fight swarms at your fleete, great Hector rageth there,
Hath burst the long barre and the gates. Thus Neptune rowsd these men;
b And round about th'Aiaces did, their Phalanxes maintaine,
Their station firme; whom Mars himselfe, (had he amongst them gone)
[Page 172]Could not disparage; nor Ioues Maide, that sets men fiercer on:
For now the best were chosen out, and they receiu'd th'aduance
Of Hector and his men so full, that lance, was lin'd with lance;
Shields, thickned with opposed shields; targets to targets nail'd:
Helmes stucke to helmes; and man to man, grew; they so close assail'd:
Plum'd caskes, were hang'd in eithers plumes: all ioyn'd so close their stands;
Their lances stood, thrust out so thicke, by such all-daring hands.
All bent their firme brests to the point; and made sad fight their ioy
Of both: Troy all in heapes strooke first, and Hector first of Troy.
And as a round peece of a rocke, which with a winters flood
Is from his top torne; when a showre, powr'd from a bursten cloud,
Hath broke the naturall bond it held, within the rough steepe rocke;
And iumping, it flies downe the woods, resounding euerie shocke;
And on, vncheckt, it headlong leapes, till in a plaine it stay:
And then (though neuer so impeld) it stirs not any way.
So Hector, hereto throated threats, to go to sea in blood,
And reach the Grecian ships and tents; without being once withstood:
But when he fell into the strengths, the Grecians did maintaine,
And that they fought vpon the square, he stood as fetterd then.
And so, the aduerse sons of Greece, laid on with swords and darts,
(Whose both ends hurt) that they repeld, his worst; and he conuerts
His threats, by all meanes, to retreats; yet, made as he retir'd
Onely t'encourage those behind; and thus those men inspir'd:
Troians? Dardanians? Lycians? all warlike friends, stand close;
Hector to his friends.
The Greeks can neuer beare me long, though towre-like they oppose;
This lance (be sure) will be their spoile: if, euen the best of Gods,
(High-thundring Iunos husband) stirres, my spirite with true abodes.
With this, all strengths and minds he mou'd; but yong Deiphobus,
(Old Priams sonne) amongst them all, was chiefly vertuous.
D [...]obus his [...]alor.
He bore before him his round shield; tript lightly through the prease,
At all parts couerd with his shield: And him Meriones
Charg'd with a glittring dart, that tooke, his bul-hide orbie shield,
Yet pierc't it not, but in the top, it selfe did peecemeale yeeld.
Deiphobus thrust forth his targe, and fear'd the broken ends
Of strong Meriones his lance, who now turnd to his friends;
The great Heroe, scorning much, by such a chance to part
With lance and conquest: forth he went, to fetch another dart
Left at his tent. The rest fought on, the Clamor heightned there
Was most vnmeasur'd; Teucer first, did flesh the Massacre,
Teu [...]ers [...]alor.
And slue a goodly man at armes, the souldier Imbrius,
The sonne of Mentor, rich in horse; he dwelt at Pedasus
Before the sonnes of Greece sieg'd Troy; from whence he married
Medesicasté, one that sprung, of Priams bastard bed.
But when the Greeke ships, (double oar'd) arriu'd at Ilion,
To Ilion he returnd, and prou'd, beyond comparison
Amongst the Troians; he was lodg'd, with Priam, who held deare
His naturall sonnes no more then him; yet him, beneath the eare
The sonne of Telamon attain'd, and drew his lance. He fell
[Page 173]As when, an Ash on some hils top, (it selfe topt wondrous well)
The steele hewes downe, and he presents, his young leaues to the soyle:
So fell he, and his faire armes gron'd; which Teucer long'd to spoyle,
And in he ranne; and Hector in, who sent a shining lance
At Teucer; who (beholding it) slipt by, and gaue it chance
On Actors sonne Amphimachus, whose breast it strooke; and in
Flew Hector, at his sounding fall, with full intent to win
The tempting helmet from his head; but Aiax with a dart,
Reacht Hector at his rushing in, yet toucht not any part
About his bodie; it was hid, quite through with horrid brasse;
The bosse yet of his targe it tooke, whose firme stuffe staid the passe,
And he turnd safe from both the trunks: both which the Grecians bore
From off the field; Amphimachus, Menestheus did restore,
And Stichius, to th'Achaian strength: th'Aiaces (that were pleasd
Still most, with most hote seruices) on Troian Imbrius seasd:
And, as from sharply-bitten hounds, a brace of Lions force
A new slaine Goate; and through the woods, beare in their iawes the corse
Aloft, lift vp into the aire: so, vp, into the skies
Bore both th'Aiaces, Imbrius; and made his armes their pri [...]e.
Yet (not content) Oileades, enrag'd, to see there dead
His much belou'd Amphimachus; he hewd off Imbrius head,
Which (swinging round) bowle like he tost, amongst the Troian prease,
And full at Hectors feete it fell. Amphimachus decease
(Being nephew to the God of waues) much vext the Deities mind;
And to the ships and tents he marcht: yet more, to make inclinde
The Grecians, to the Troian bane. In hasting to which end,
Idomen [...]us met with him, returning from a friend,
Whose hamme late hurt, his men brought off; and hauing giuen command
To his Physitians for his cure, (much fir'd to put his hand
To Troyes repulse) he left his tent. Him (like Andremons sonne,
Prince Thoas, that in Pleuron rulde, and lo [...]rie Calidon,
Th'Aetolian powres; and like a God, was of his subiects lou'd)
Neptune encountred: and but thus, his forward spirit mou'd.
Idomeneus, Prince of Crete? O whither now are fled
Neptu [...]e to Ido­ [...]en
Those threats in thee, with which the rest, the Troians menaced?
O Thoas (he replide) no on [...], of all our host, stands now
In any question of reproofe (as I am let to know)
And why is my intelligence false? We all know how to fight,
And (Feare disanimating none) all do our knowledge right.
Nor can our harmes accuse our sloth; not one from worke we misse:
The great God onely workes our ill, whose pleasure now it is,
That farre from home, in hostile fields, and with inglorious fate,
Some Greeks should perish. But do thou, O Thoas (that of late
Hast prou'd a souldier, and was wont, where thou hast Sloth beheld,
To chide it, and exhort to paines) now hate to be repeld,
And set on all men. He replied, I would to heauen, that he
Who euer this day doth abstaine, from battell willinglie,
May neuer turne his face from Troy, but here become the prey
[Page 174]And skorne of dogs. Come then, take armes, and let our kind assay
Ioyne both our forces: though but two, yet being both combinde,
The worke of many single hands, we may performe; we finde
That Vertue coaugmented thriues, in men of little minde:
But we, haue singly, matcht the great. This said, the God again
(With all his conflicts) visited, the ventrous fight of men.
The king turnd to his tent; rich armes, put on his brest, and toooke
Two darts in hand, and forth he flew; his haste on made him looke
Much like a fierie Meteor, with which, Ioues sulphrie hand
Opes heauen, and hurles about the aire, bright flashes, showing aland
Abodes; that euer run before, tempest, and plagues to men:
So, in his swift pace, shew'd his armes: he was encountred then
By his good friend Meriones, yet neare his tent; to whom
Thus spake the powre of Idomen: What reason makes thee come,
(Thou sonne of Molus, my most lou'd) thus leauing fight alone?
Is't for some wound? the Iauelins head, (still sticking in the bone)
Desir'st thou ease of? Bring'st thou newes? or what is it that brings
Thy presence hither? Be assur'd, my spirite needs no stings
To this hote conflict. Of my selfe, thou seest I come; and loth
For any tents loue, to deserue, the hatefull taint of Sloth.
He answerd, Onely for a dart, he that retreat did make,
(Were any left him at his tent:) for, that he had, he brake
On proud Deiphobus his shield. Is one dart all? (said he)
Take one and twentie, if thou like, for in my tent they be;
They stand there shining by the walls: I tooke them as my prise
From those false Troians I haue slaine. And this is not the guise
Of one that loues his tent, or fights, afarre off with his foe:
But since I loue fight, therefore doth, my martiall starre bestow
(Besides those darts) helmes, targets bost, and corslets, bright as day.
So I (said Merion) at my tent, and sable barke, may say,
I many Troian spoiles retaine: but now, not neare they be,
To serue me for my present vse; and therefore aske I thee.
Not that I lacke a fortitude, to store me with my owne:
For euer in the formost fights, that render men renowne,
I fight, when any fight doth stirre: and this perhaps, may well
Be hid to others, but thou know'st, and I to thee appeale.
I know (replide the king) how much, thou weigh'st in euerie worth,
What needst thou therefore vtter this? If we should now chuse forth
The worthiest men for ambushes, in all our fleet and host:
(For ambushes are seruices, that trie mens vertues most;
Since there, the fearefull and the firme, will, as they are, appeare:
The fearefull altering still his hue, and rests not any where;
Nor is his spirit capable, of th'ambush constancie,
But riseth, changeth still his place, and croucheth curiously
On his bent hanches; halfe his height, scarce seene aboue the ground,
For feare to be seene, yet must see: his heart with many a bound,
Offring to leape out of his breast, and (euer fearing death)
The coldnesse of it makes him gnash, and halfe shakes out his teeth.
[Page 175]Where men of valour, neither feare, nor euer change their lookes,
From lodging th'ambush till it rise: buut since there must be strokes,
Wish to be quickly in their midst:) thy strength and hand in these,
Who should reproue? For if, farre off, or fighting in the prease,
Thou shouldst be wounded, I am sure, the dart that gaue the wound
Should not be drawne out of thy backe, or make thy necke the ground;
But meete thy bellie, or thy breast; in thrusting further yet
When thou art furthest, till the first, and before him thou get.
Buton; like children, let not vs, stand bragging thus, but do;
Lest some heare, and past measure chide, that we stand still and wooe.
Go, chuse a better dart, and make, Mars yeeld a better chance.
This said, Mars-swift Meriones, with haste, a brazen lance
Tooke from his tent; and ouertooke (most carefull of the wars)
Idomeneus. And such two, in field, as harmfull Mars,
And Terror, his beloued sonne, that without terror fights;
And is of such strength, that in warre, the frighter he affrights;
When, out of Thrace, they both take armes, against th'Ephyran bands;
Or gainst the great-soul'd Phlegians: nor fauour their owne hands,
But giue the grace to others still. In such sort to the fight,
Marcht these two managers of men; in armours full of light.
And first spake Merion: On which part, (sonne of Deucalion)
Serues thy mind to inuade the fight? is't best to set vpon
The Troians in our battels aide, the right or left-hand wing,
For all parts I suppose employd. To this the Cretan king,
Thus answerd: In our nauies midst, are others that assist,
The two Aiaces, Teucer too; with shafts, the expertest
Of all the Grecians, and though small, is great in fights of stand.
And these (though huge he be of strengh) will serue to fill the hand
Of Hectors selfe, that Priamist, that studier for blowes:
It shall be cald a deed of height, for him (euen suffring throwes
For knocks still) to out labour them: and (bettring their tough hands)
Enflame our fleet: if Ioue himselfe, cast not his fier-brands
Amongst our nauie; that affaire, no man can bring to field:
Great Aiax Telamonius, to none aliue will yeeld,
That yeelds to death; and whose life takes, Ceres nutritions
That can be cut with any iron, or pasht with mightie stones.
Not to Aeacides himselfe, he yeelds for combats set,
Though cleare he must giue place for pace, and free swinge of his feete.
Since then, the battell (being our place, of most care) is made good
By his high valour; let our aid, see all powres be withstood,
That charge the left wing: and to that, let vs direct our course,
Where quickly, feele we this hote foe, or make him feele our force.
This orderd; swift-Meriones, went, and forewent his king;
Till both arriu'd, where one enioynd: when in the Greeks left wing,
The Troians saw the Cretan king, like fire in fortitude;
And his attendant in bright armes, so gloriously indude,
Both chearing the sinister troopes: all at the king addrest,
And so the skirmish at their sternes, on both parts were increast:
[Page 176]That, as from hollow bustling winds, engenderd stormes arise,
When dust doth chiefly clog the waies, which vp into the skies
The wanton tempest rauisheth; begetting Night of Day;
So came together both the foes: both Iusted to assay,
And worke with quicke steele, eithers death. Mans fierce Corruptresse Fight
Set vp her bristles in the field, with lances long and light,
Which thicke, fell foule on eithers face: the splendor of the steele,
In new skowrd curets, radiant caskes, and burnisht shields, did seele
Th'assailers eyes vp. He sustaind, a huge spirit that was glad
To see that labour, or in soule, that stood not stricken sad.
Thus these two disagreeing Gods, old Saturns mightie sonnes,
Afflicted these heroique men, with huge oppressions.
Ioue honouring Aeacides, (to let the Greeks still trie
Their want without him) would bestow, (yet still) the victorie
On Hector, and the Troian powre; yet for Aeacides,
And honor of his mother Que [...]e, great Goddesse of the seas,
He would not let proude Ilion see, the Grecians quite destroid:
And therefore, from the hoarie deepe, he sufferd so imploid
Great Neptune in the Grecian aid; who grieu'd for them, and storm'd
Extremely at his brother Ioue. Yet both, one Goddesse form'd,
And one soile bred: but Iupiter, precedence tooke in birth,
And had more
The Empire of Ioue exceeded Neptunes (saith Plut. vpon this place) because he was more an­ci [...]nt, and excel­lent in knowledg and wisedom [...]. And vpon this verse, viz. [...], &c. sets downe this his most worthy to be noted opinion: viz I thinke al­so that the bles­sednesse of eter­nall life, which God enioyes is this: that by any pastime he for­gets not notions presently appre­bended; for other wise the know­ledge & vnder­stāding of things taken away; Im­mortality shold not be lise, b [...]t Time, &c. Plut­de I side & Osi­ride.
knowledge: for which cause, the other came not forth
Of his wet kingdome, but with care, of not being seene t'excite
The Grecian host, and like a man, appeard, and made the fight.
So these Gods made mens valours great; but equald them with warre
As harmefull, as their hearts were good; and stretcht those chaines as farre
On both sides as their lims could beare: in which they were inuolu'd
Past breach, or loosing; that their knees, might therefore be dissolu'd.
Then, though a halfe-gray man he were, Cretes soueraigne did excite
The Greeks to blowes; and flew vpon, the Troians, euen to flight:
For he, in sight of all the host, Othryoneus slew,
That from Cabesus, with the fame, of those wa [...]es, thither drew
His new-come forces, and requir'd, without respect of dowre,
Cassandra, fair'st of Priams race; assuring with his powre,
A mightie labour: to expell, in their despite from Troy
The sons of Greece. The king did vow, (that done) he should enioy
His goodliest daughter. He, (in trust, of that faire purchase) fought,
And at him threw the Cretan king, a al [...]nce, that singl'd out
This great assumer; whom it strooke, iust in his nauils stead;
His brazen curets helping nought, resignd him to the dead.
Then did the conquerour exclaime, and thus insulted then:
Othryoneus, I will praise, beyond all mortall men,
Thy liuing vertues; if thou wilt, now perfect the braue vow
Thou mad'st to Priam, for the wife, he promisd to bestow.
And where he should haue kept his word, there we assure thee here,
To giue thee for thy Princely wife, the fairest, and most deare,
Idomens insul­tation on Othry­ [...]ncus.
Of our great Generals femall race, which from his Argiue hall,
We all will waite vpon to Troy; if with our aids, and all,
[Page 177]Thou wilt but race this well-built towne. Come therefore, follow me,
That in our ships, we may conclude, this royall match with thee:
Ile be no iote worse then my word. With that he tooke his feete,
And dragg'd him through the feruent fight; In which, did Asius meete
The victor, to inflict reuenge. He came on foote before
His horse, that on his shoulders breath'd; so closely euermore
His coachman led them to his Lord: who held a huge desire
To strike the King, but he strooke first; and vnderneath his chin,
Asius slaine.
At his throats height, through th'other side, his cager lance draue in;
And downe he busl'd, like an Oake, a Poplar, or a Pine,
Hewne downe for shipwood, and so lay: his fall did so decline
The spirit of his chariotere; that lest he should incense
The victor to empaire his spoile, he durst not driue from thence
His horse and chariot: and so pleasd, with that respectiue part
Antilochus slaughters the chariotere of Asius.
Antilochus, that for his feare, he reacht him with a dart,
About his bellies midst; and downe, his sad corse fell beneath
The richly-builded chariot, there labouring out his breath.
The horse Antilochus tooke off; when, (grieu'd for this euent)
Deiphobus drew passing neare, and at the victor sent
Dei [...]hobus at Antilochus, and kils Hyps [...]nor.
A shining Iauelin; which he saw, and shund; with gathring round
His body, in his all-round shield; at whose top, with a sound,
It ouerflew; yet seising there, it did not idlely flie
From him t [...]at wing'd it; his strong hand, still draue it mortally
On Prince ▪ Hypsenor; it did pierce, his liuer, vnderneath
The veines it passeth: his shrunke knees, submitted him to death.
And then did lou'd-Deiphobus, miraculously vant:
Now Asius lies not vnreueng'd, nor doth his spirit want
Deiphobu [...] hi [...] Braue.
The ioy I wish it; though it be, now entring the strong gate
Of mightie Pluto: since this hand, hath sent him downe a mate.
This glorie in him grieu'd the Greeks, and chiefly the great mind
Of martiall Antilochus; whom, (though to griefe inclind)
He left not yet his friend, but ran, and hid him with his shield;
And to him came two louely friends, that freed him from the field:
Mecisteus, sonne of Echius; and the right nobly borne
Alastor, bearing him to fle [...]t, and did extremely mourne.
Idomeneus suncke not yet, but held his nerues entire;
His mind much lesse deficient, being fed with firme desire
To hide more Troians in dim night, or sinke himselfe, in guard
Of his lou'd countrimen. And then, Alcathous prepar'd
Worke for his valour; offring fate, his owne destruction.
A great Heroe, and had grace, to be the loued sonne
Of Aesietes, sonne in law, to Prince Aeneas Sire;
Hippodamia marrying: who most enflam'd the fire
Of her deare parents loue; and tooke, precedence in her birth,
Of all their daughters; and as much, exceeded in her worth
(For beautie answerd with her mind; and both, with housewiferie)
All the faire beautie of young Dames, that vsde her companie;
And therefore (being the worthiest Dame) the worthiest man did wed
[Page 178]Of ample Troy. Him Neptune stoopt, beneath the royall force
Of Idomen; his sparkling eyes, deluding; and the course
Of his illustrous lineaments, so, out of nature bound,
That backe, nor forward, he could stirre: but (as he grew to ground
Stood like a pillar, or high tree, and neither mou'd, nor fear'd:
When strait the royall Cretans dart, in his mid breast appear'd;
It brake the curets that were proofe, to euerie other dart,
Yet now they cleft and rung; the lance, stucke shaking in his heart:
His heart with panting made it shake. But Mars did now remit
The greatnesse of it, and the king, now quitting the bragge fit
Of glorie in Deiphobus, thus terribly exclam'd:
Deiphobus, now may we thinke, that we are euenly fam'd,
Idomen [...] to Deiphobus.
That three for one haue sent to Dis. But come, change blowes with me,
Thy vaunts for him thou slew'st were vaine: Come wretch, that thou maist see
What issue loue hath; Ioue begot, Minos, the strength of Crete:
Minos begot Deucalion; Deucalion did beget
Me Idomen now Cretas king, that here my ships haue brought,
To bringthy selfe, thy father, friends, all Ilions pompe to nought.
Deiphobus at two wayes stood, in doubt to call some one
(With some retreat) to be his aide, or trie the chance alone.
At last, the first seem'd best to him; and backe he went to call,
Anchises sonne to friend; who stood, in troope the last of all,
Where still he seru'd: which made him still, incense against the king,
Aeneas angrie being euer dis­graced by Priā.
That, being amongst his best, their Peere, he grac't not any thing
His wrong'd deserts. Deiphobus, spake to him, standing neare:
Aeneas? Prince of Troians? if any touch appeare
To him Deipho­bus.
Of glorie in thee: thou must now, assist thy sisters Lord,
And one, that to thy tendrest youth, did carefull guard afford,
Alcathous, whom Cretas king, hath chiefly slaine to thee;
His right most challenging thy hand: come therefore follow me.
This much excited his good mind, and set his heart on fire,
Against the Cretan: who child-like, dissolu'd not in his ire,
But stood him firme: As when, in hils, a strength-relying Bore,
Alone, and hearing hunters come (whom Tumult flies before)
Vp thrusts his bristles, whets his tusks, sets fire on his red eyes,
And in his braue-prepar'd repulse, doth dogs and men despise.
So stood the famous for his lance; nor shund the coming charge
That resolute Aeneas brought; yet (since the ods was large)
He cald, with good right, to his aide, war-skild Ascalaphus,
Idomeneus cals his friends to aid
Aphareus, Meriones, the strong Deipyrus,
And Nestors honorable sonne: Come neare, my friends (said he)
And adde your aids to me alone: Feare taints me worthilie,
Though firme I stand, and shew it not: Aeneas great in fight,
And one, that beares youth in his flowre, (that beares the greatest might
Aeneas yet a youth as Virgil makes him.
Comes on, with aime, direct at me: had I his youthfull lim
To beare my mind, he should yeeld Fame, or I would yeeld it him.
This said, all held, in many soules, one readie helpfull mind,
Clapt shields and shoulders, and stood close. Aeneas (not inclind
[Page 179]With more presumption then the king) cald aid as well as he:
Diuine Agenor; Hellens loue; who followd instantly,
And all their forces following them: as after Bellwethers
The whole flocks follow to their drinke; which sight the shepheard cheres.
Nor was Aeneas ioy lesse mou'd, to see such troopes attend
His honord person; and all these, fought close about his friend.
But two of them, past all the rest, had strong desire to shed
The blood of either; Idomen, and Cythereas seed.
Aene [...] and Ido­mene [...] in con­flict.
Aeneas first bestowd his lance, which th'other seeing, shund;
And that (throwne from an idle hand) stucke trembling in the ground.
But Idomens (discharg'd at him) had no such vaine successe,
Which Oenomaus entrailes found, in which it did impresse
His sharpe pile to his fall: his palms, tore his returning earth.
Idomeneus strait steptin, and pluckt his Iauelin forth,
But could not spoile his goodly armes, they prest him so with darts.
And now the long toile of the fight, had spent his vigorous parts,
And made them lesse apt to auoid, the foe that should aduance;
Or (when himselfe aduanc't againe) to run and fetch his lance.
And therefore in stiffe fights of stand, he spent the cruell day:
When (coming softly from the slaine) Deiphobus gaue way
To his brght Iauelin at the king, whom he could neuer brooke;
But then he lost his enuie too: his lance yet, deadly, tooke
Ascalaphus the sonne of Mars slai [...]e by [...]
Ascalaphus, the sonne of Mars; quite through his shoulder flew
The violent head, and downe he fell. Nor yet by all meanes knew
Wide throated Mars, his sonne was falne: but in Olympus top
Sad canapied with golden clouds. Ioues counsell had shut vp
Both him, and all the other Gods, from that times equall taske,
Which now about Ascalaphus, Strife set; his shining caske
Deiphobus had forc't from him: but instantly leapt in
Mars-swift Meriones, and strooke, with his long Iauelin,
Deiphobus woū ­ded by Merid­nes.
The right arme of Deiphobus, which made his hand let fall
The sharp-topt helmet; the prest earth, resounding there withall.
When, Vulture-like, Meriones, rusht in againe, and drew
(From out the low part of his arme) his Iauelin, and then flew
Backe to his friends. Deiphobus (faint with the bloods excesse
Falne from his wound) was carefully, conuaid out of the preasse
By his kind brother, by both [...]ides, (Polites) till they gat
His horse and chariot, that were still, set fit for his retreate;
And bore him now to Ilion. The rest, fought fiercely on,
And set a mightie fight on foote. When next, Anchises sonne,
Aphareus Caletorides (that tan vpon him) st [...]oke
Iust in the throate with his keene lance, and strait his head forsooke
His vpright cariage; and his shield, his helme, and all with him,
Fell to the earth: where ruinous death, made prise of euerie lim.
Antilochus (discouering well, that Thoons heart tooke checke)
Let flie, and cut the hollow veine, that runs vp to his necke,
Along his backe part, quite in twaine: downe in the dust he fell,
Vpwards, and with extended hands, bad all the world farewell.
[Page 180] Antilochus rushtnimbly in; and (looking round) made prise
Of his faire armes; in which affaire, his round set enemies
Let flie their lances; thundering, on his aduanced targe,
But could not get his flesh: the God, that shakes the earth, tooke charge
Of Nestors sonne, and kept him safe: who neuer was away,
But still amongst the thickest foes, his busie lance did play;
Obseruing euer when he might, far-off, or neare, offend;
And watching Asius sonne, in prease, he spide him, and did send
(Close coming on) a dart at him, that smote in midst his shield;
In which, the sharpe head of the lance, the blew-hair'd God made yeeld,
Not pleasd to yeeld his pupils life; in whose shield, halfe the dart
Stucke like a trunchion, burnd with fire; on earth lay th'other part.
He seeing no better end of all, retir'd; in feare of worse;
But him, Meriones pursude; and his lance foundfull course
To th'others life: it wounded him; betwixt the priuie parts
And nauill; where (to wretched men, that wars most violent smarts
Must vndergo) wounds chiefly vexe. His dart, Meriones
Pursude, and Adamas so striu'd, with it, and his misease,
As doth a Bullocke puffe and storme; whom, in disdained bands,
The vpland heardsmen striue to cast: so (falne beneath the hands
Of his sterne foe) Asiades, did struggle, pant, and raue,
But no long time; for when the lance, was pluckt out, vp he gaue
His tortur'd soule. Then Troys turne came; when with a Thracian sword
The temples of Deipyrus, did Hellenus afford
So huge a blow; it strooke all light, out of his cloudie eyes,
And cleft his helmet; which a Greeke, (there fighting) made his prise,
(It fell so full beneath his feet.) Atrides grieu'd to see
That sight; and (threatning) shooke a lance, at Hellenus; and he
A bow, halfe drew, at him; at once, out flew both shaft and lance:
The shaft, Atrides curets strooke, and farre away did glance:
Atrides dart, of Hellenus, the thrust out bow-hand strooke,
Hellenus woun­ded.
And through the hand, stucke in the bow; Agenors hand did plucke
From forth the nailed prisoner, the Iauelin quickly out;
And fairely with a little wooll, enwrapping round about
The wounded hand; within c a scarffe, he bore it; which his Squire
Had readie for him: yet the wound, would needs he should retire.
Pysander to reuenge his hurt, right on the King ran he;
A bloodie fate suggested him, to let him runne on thee
Menelaus, that he might, by thee, in dangerous warre,
Be done to death. Both coming on, Atrides lance did erre:
Pisander strooke Atrides shield, that brake at point, the dart
Not running through; yet he reioyc't; as playing a victors part.
Atrides (drawing his faire sword) vpon Pisander flew:
Pisander, from beneath his shield, his goodly weapon drew;
Two-edg'd, with right sharpe steele, and long; the handle Oliue tree,
Well polisht; and to blowes they go; vpon the top strooke he
Atrides horse-hair'd-featherd helme; Atrides, on his brow
(Aboue th'extreme part of his nose) laid such a heauie blow,
[Page 181]That all the bones crasht vnder it, and out his eyes did drop
Before his feete, in bloodie dust; he after, and shrunke vp
His dying bodie: which the foote, of his triumphing foe
Opened; and stood vpon his breast, and off his armes did go:
This insultation vsde the while: c At length forsake our fleete,
[...] most ridi [...] ­lous insulta­tion.
(Thus ye false Troians) to whom warre, neuer enough is sweet:
Nor want ye more impieties; with which ye haue abusde
Me, ( [...]e bold dogs) that your chiefe friends, so honourably vsde:
Nor feare you hospitable, Ioue, that lets such thunders go:
But build vpon't, he will vnbuild, your towres, that clamber so;
For rauishing my goods, and wife, in flowre of all her yeares,
And without cause; nay when that faire, and liberall hand of hers
Had vsde you so most louingly; and now againe ye would,
Cast fire into our fleet, and kill, our Princes if ye could.
Go too, one day you will be curb'd (though neuer so ye thirst
Rude warre) by warre. O Father Ioue, they say thou art the first
In wisedome, of all Gods and men; yet all this comes from thee;
And still thou gratifiest these men, how lewd so ere they be;
Though neuer they be cloid with sinnes: nor can be satiate
(As good men should) with this vile warre. Satie [...]ie of state,
Satietie of sleepe and loue, Satietie of ease,
Of musicke, dancing, can find place; yet harsh warre still must please
Past all these pleasures, euen past these. They will be cloyd with these
Before their warre ioyes: neuer warre, giues [...] satieties.
This said, the bloody armes were off, and to his souldiers throwne,
He mixing in first fight againe: and then Harpalion,
(Kind King Pylemens sonne) gaue charge; who, to those warres of Troy,
His loued father followed; nor euer did enioy
His countries sight againe; he strooke, the targe of A [...]reus sonne
Full in the midst, his iauelins steele; yet had no powre to runne
The target through: nor had himselfe, the heart to fetch his lance,
But tooke him to his strength, and cast, on euery side a glance,
[...] [...] Harpalion.
Lest any his deare sides should dart: but Merion as he fled,
Sent after him a brazen lance, that ranne his eager head,
Through his right hippe, and all along, the bladders region,
Beneath the bone; it settl'd him, and [...]et his spirit gone,
Amongst the hands of his best friends; and like a worme he lay,
Stretcht on the earth; which his blacke blood, embrewd and flow'd away,
His corse the Paphlagonians, did sadly waite vpon
(Repo [...]d in his rich chariot) to sacred Ilion.
The king his father following, dissolu'd in kindly teares,
And no wreake sought for his slaine [...]onne. But, at his slaughterers
Incensed Paris spent a lance (since he had bene a guest,
To many Paphlagonians) and through the preasse it prest.
There was a certaine Augures sonne, that did for wealth excell,
And yet was honest; he was borne, and did at C [...]th dwell:
Who (though he knew his harmefull fate) would needs his ship ascend▪
His father (Polyidus) oft, would tell him, that his end
[Page 182]Would either seise him at his house, vpon a sharpe disease;
Or else amongst the Grecian ships, by Troians slaine. Both these
Together he desir'd to shun; but the disease (at last,
And lingring death in it) he left, and warres quicke stroke embrac't:
The lance betwixt his eare and cheeke, ran in; and dra [...]e the mind
Of both those bitter fortunes out: Night strooke his whole powres blind.
Thus fought they like the spirit of fire, nor Ioue-lou'd Hector knew
How in the fleets left wing, the Greekes, his downe-put souldiers slew
Almost to victorie: the God, that shakes the earth, so well
Helpt with his owne strength, and the Greeks, so fiercely did impell.
Yet Hector made the first place good, where both the ports and wall,
(The thicke rancke of the Greeke shields broke) he enterd, and did skall,
Where on the gray seas shore, were drawne (the wall being there but sleight,)
Protesilaus ships, and those, of Ai [...]x, where the fight
Of men and horse were sharpest set. There the Boeotian band,
Long-rob'd Iaones, Locrians, and (braue men of their hands)
By I [...]ons (for Io­ [...]ians) he intends the Athenians.
The Phthian, and Epeian troopes, did spritefully assaile,
The God-like Hector rushing in; and yet could not preuaile
To his repulse, though choicest men, of Athens, there made head:
Amongst whom, was Menesthius Chiefe; whom Phid [...]as followed:
The names of t [...]e Captaines at the fight at the wall, and their souldiers.
Stichius, and Bias, huge in strength. Th'Epeian troopes were led
By Meges, and Philides cares, Amphion, Dracius.
Before the Ph [...]hians, Medon marcht, and Meneptolemus;
And these (with the Boeotian powres) bore vp the fleets defence.
Oileus, by his brothers side, stood close, and would not thence
For any moment of that time: but as through fallow fields,
Simile, wherein the two A [...]aces are compared to two draught [...]xen.
Blacke Oxen draw a well-ioyn'd plough, and either, euenly yeelds
His thriftie labour; all heads coucht, so close to earth, they plow
The fallow with their hornes, till out, the sweate begins to flow;
The stretcht yokes cracke, and yet at last, the furrow forth is driuen:
So toughly stood these to their taske, and made their worke as euen.
But Aiax Telamonius, had many helpfull men,
That when sweate ran about his knees, and labour flow'd, would then
Helpe beare his mightie seuen-fold shield: when swift Oileades
The Locrians left, and would not make, those murthrous fights of prease,
The Locrians which Oileus A­iax led, were all Archers.
Because they wore no bright steele caskes, nor bristl'd plumes for show,
Round shields, nor darts of solid Ash; but with the trustie bow,
And iackes, welld quilted with soft wooll, they came to Troy, and were
(In their fit place) as confident, as those that fought so neare;
And reacht their foes so thicke with shafts, that these were they that brake
The Troian orders first; and then, the braue arm'd men did make
Good worke with th [...]ir close fights before. Behind whom, hauing sho [...],
The Locrians hid still; and their foes, all thought of fight forgot;
With shewes of those farre striking shafts, their eyes were troubled so:
And then, assur'dly, from the ships, and tents, th'insulting foe,
Had miserably fled to Troy, had not Polydamas
Thus spoke to Hector. Hector still, impossible tis to passe
Polyd [...] to [...].
Good counsell vpon you: but say, some God prefers thy deeds:
[Page 183]In counsels wouldst thou passe vs too? In all things none exceeds.
[...] ad­ [...]ice to [...].
To some, God giues the powre of warre; to some the sl [...]ight to dance;
To some, the art of instruments; some doth for voice aduance:
And that far-seeing God grants some, th [...] wisedome of the minde,
Which no man can keepe to himselfe: that (though but few can [...]inde)
Doth profite many, that preserues, the publique weale and sta [...]:
And that, who hath, he best can prise: but, for me, Ile relate
Onely my censure what's our best. The verie crowne of warre
Doth burne about thee; yet our men, when they haue reach [...] thus farre,
Suppose their valours crownd, and ceasse. A few still stir their fe [...],
And so a few with many fight; sperst thinly through the fleet▪
Retire then, leaue speech to the route, and all thy Princes call;
That, here, in counsels of most weight, we may resolue of all.
If hauing likelihood to beleeue, that God wil conquest giue,
We shall charge through; or with this grace, make our retreate, and liue:
For (I must needs affirme) I feare, the debt of yesterday
(Since warre is such a God of change) the Grecians now will pay.
And since th'insatiate man of warre, remaines at fleet, if there
We tempt his safetie: no howre more, [...]is hote soule can forbeare.
This sound stuffe Hector lik't, approu'd, iumpt from his chariot,
And said; Polydamas? make good, this place, and suffer not
One Prince to passe it; I myselfe, will there go, where you see
Those friends in skirmish; and returne (when they haue heard from me,
Hector for his goodly forme compared to a hill of snow.
Command, that your aduice obeys) with vtmost speed: this said,
With day-bright armes, white plume, white skarffe, his goodly lims arraid,
He parted from them, like a hill, remouing, all of snow:
And to the Troian Peres and Chiefes, he flew; to let them know
The Counsell of Polydamas. All turnd, and did reioyce;
To haste to Panthus gentle sonne, being cald by Hectors voyce.
Who (through the forefights making way) lookt for Deiophobus;
King Hellenus, Asiades, Hyrtasian Asius:
Of whom, some were not to be found, vnhurt, or vndeceast;
Some onely hurt, and gone from field. As further he addrest,
He found within the fights left wing, the faire-hair'd Hellens loue,
By all meanes mouing men to blowes; which could by no meanes moue
Hectors forbeareance; his friends misse, so put his powres in storme:
Hector chide [...] Paris.
But thus in wonted terms he chid: You, with the finest forme,
Impostor, womans man: Where are (in your care markt) all these?
Deiphobus, king Hellenus, Asius Hyrtacides?
Othryoneus, Acamas? now haughtie Ilion
Shakes to his lowest groundworke: now, iust ruine fals vpon
Thy head, past rescue. He replyed; Hector, why chid'st thou now
When I am guiltlesse? other times, there are for ease I know,
Then these; for she that brought thee forth, not vtterly left me
Without some portion of thy spirit, to make me brother thee.
But since thou first brought'st in thy force, to this our nauall fight:
I, and my friends, haue ceaslesse fought, to do thy seruice right.
But all those friends thou seek'st are slaine, exeepting Hellen [...],
[Page 184](Who parted wounded in his hand) and so Deiphobus;
Ioue yet auerted death from them. And now leade thou as farre
As thy great heart affects; all we, will second any warre
That thou endurest: And I hope, my owne strength is not lost,
Though least, Ile fight it to his best; nor further fights the most.
This calm'd hote Hectors spleene; and both, turnd where they saw the face
Of warre most fierce: and that was, where, their friends made good the place
About renowm'd Polydamas, and God-like Polyphet,
Palmus, Ascanius; Morus, that, Hippotion did beget;
And from Ascanias wealthie fields, but euen the day before
Arriu'd at Troy; that with their aide, they kindly might restore
Some kindnesse they receiu'd from thence: and in fierce fight with these,
Phalces and tall Orthaus stood, and bold Cebriones.
And then the doubt that in aduice, Polydamas disclosd,
To fight or flie, Ioue tooke away, and all to fight disposd.
And as the floods of troubled aire, to pitchie stormes increase
That after thunder sweepes the fields, and rauish vp the seas,
Encountring with abhorred roares, when the engrossed waues
Boile into foame; and endlesly, one after other raues:
So rank't and guarded, th'Ilians marcht; some now, more now, and then
The Troian host, and Hector glo­rified.
More vpon more, in shining steele; now Captaines, then their men.
And Hector, like man▪ killing Mars, aduanc't before them all,
His huge round target before him, through thickn'd, like a wall,
With hides well coucht, with store of brasse; and on his temples shin'd
His bright helme, on which danc't his plume: and in this horrid kind,
(All hid within his worldlike shield) he euerie troope assaid
For entrie; that in his despite, stood firme, and vndismaid.
Which when he saw, and kept more off; Aiax came stalking then,
And thus prouokt him: O good man, why fright'st thou thus our men?
Come nearer; not Arts want in warre, makes vs thus nauie-bound,
Aiax his speech to Hector, Scop­t [...]cè.
But Ioues direct scourge; his arm'd hand, makes our hands giue you ground:
Yet thou hop'st (of thy selfe) our spoile: but we haue likewise hands
To hold our owne, as you to spoile: and ere thy countermands
Stand good against our ransackt fleete; your hugely-peopl'd towne
Our hands shall take in; and her towres, from all their heights pull downe.
And I must tell thee, time drawes on, when, flying, thou shalt crie
To Ioue, and all the Gods, to make, thy faire-man'd horses flie
More swift then Falkons; that their hoofes, may rouse the dust, and beare
Thy bodie, hid, to Ilion. This said, his bold words were
Confirm'd, as soone as spoke; Ioues bird, the high flowne Eagle tooke
The right hand of their host, whose wings, high acclamations strooke,
From foorth the glad breasts of the Greeks. Then Hector made replie:
Vaine-spoken man, and glorious; what hast thou said? would I
Hector to Aiax.
As surely were the sonne of Ioue, and of great Iuno borne;
Adorn'd like Pallas, and the God, that lifts to earth the Morne;
As this day shall bring harmefull light, to all your host; and thou,
(If thou dar'st stand this lance) the earth, before the ships shalt strow,
Thy bosome torne vp; and the dogs, with all the fowle of Troy,
[Page 185]Be satiate with thy fat, and flesh▪ This said, with showting ioy
His first troopes follow'd; and the last, their showts with showts repeld:
Greece answerd all, nor could her spirits, from all shew rest conceald.
And to so infinite a height, all acclamations stroue,
They reacht the splendors, stucke about, the vnreacht throne of Ioue.


a [...], &c. illustrium Hippemolgorum: [...], Lacte Vescentium, &c. Laurentius Valla, and Eobanus Hessus, (who I thinke tran­slated Homer into Hexameters out of Vallas prose) take [...], the Epithete to [...], for a nation so called, and [...], translates, vt quae sine vllis diuitijs, equino victitat lacte; intending gens Agauorum: which he takes for those iust men of life likewise, which Homer commends: vtterly mista­king [...] signifying preclarus, or illustris, whose genitiue case plurall is vsed here: and the word, Epithete to [...]; together signifying, Illustrium Hippemol­gorum, and they being bred, and continually fed with milke (which the next word [...] signifies) Homer cals most iust, long-liued & innocēt, in the words [...], signifying longaeuus; ab [...] epitatico, & [...] vita. But of some inops, being a compound ex [...] priuat. & [...] victus: and frō thence had Val­la his interpretation: vt quae sine vllis diuitijs, but where is equino lacte? But not to shew their errors, or that I vnderstand how others take this place different from my translation, I vse this note, so much as to intimate what Homer would haue no­ted, and doth teach; that men brought vp with that gentle, and soft-spirit-begetting­milk, are long liued, & in nature most iust and innocent. Which kind of food, the most ingenious and graue Plutarch, in his oration, De esu carnium, seems to prefer before the foode of flesh: where he saith, By this meanes also, Tyrants laide the foundations of their homicides: for, (as amongst the Athenians) first, they put to death the most no­torious or vilest Sycophant Epitedeius; so the second and third: then being accusto­med to blood, they slue good, like bad: as Niceratus, the Emperour Theramenes, Polemarchus the Philosopher, &c. So at the first, men killed some harmfull beast or o­ther, then some kind of fowle, some fish; till taught by these, and stirred vp with the lust of their pallats, they proceeded to slaughter of the laborious Ox, the man clothing, or adorning sheepe, the house guarding cocke, &c. and by little and little cloyed with these: warre, and the foode of men, men fell to, &c.

[...], &c. Circum autem Aiaces, &c. To iudgement of this place Spondanus calleth all sound iudgements, to condemnation of one Panaedes a Iudge of games on Olympus: whose brother Amphidamas being dead, Gamnictor his son celebrated his funerals, calling all the most excellent to contention, not onely for strength and swif [...]nesse, but in learning likewise, and force of wisedome. To this ge­nerall co [...]tention came Homer, and Hesiodus: who casting downe verses on both parts, and of all measures, (Homer by all consents questionlesse obtaining the gar­land.) Panaedes bade both recite briefly their best: for which Hesiodus cited these verses: which as well as I could, in haste, I haue translated out of the beginning of his second Booke of workes and dayes.

When Atlas birth, (the Pleiades) arise,
Haruest begin; plow, when they leaue the skies.
Twise twentie nights, and daies, these hide their heads:
The yeare then turning, leaue againe their beds,
And shew when first to whet the haruest steele.
[Page 186]This likewise is the fields law, where men dwell
Neare Neptunes Empire: and where farre away,
The winding vallies, flie the flowing sea,
And men inhabite the fat region.
There, naked plow, sow naked, nak't cut downe;
If Ceres labours thou wilt timely vse,
That timely fruits, and timely reuenewes,
Serue thee at all parts, lest at any, Need
Send thee to others grudging dores to feed, &c.

These verses (howsoeuer Spondanus stands for Homers) in respect of the peace and thrift they represent; are like enough to carrie it for Hesiodus, euen in these times iudgements. Homers verses are these.

—Thus Neptune rowsd these men;
And round about th' Aiaces did, their Phalanxes maintaine,
Their station firme; whom Mars himselfe, (had he amongst them gone)
Could not disparage; nor Ioues Maide, that sets men fiercer on.
For now the best were chosen out, and they receiu'd th'aduance
Of Hector and his men so full, that lance, was lin'd with lance;
Shields, thickned with opposed shields; targets to targets nail'd:
Helmes stucke to helmes; and man to man, grew; they so close assail'd:
Plum'd caskes, were hang'd in eithers plumes: all ioyn'd so close their stands;
Their lances stood, thrust home so thicke, by such all-daring hands.
All bent their firme breasts to the point; and made sad fight their ioy
Of both: Troy all in heapes strooke first, and Hector first of Troy.
And as a round peece of a rocke, &c.

Which martiall verses, though they are as high as may be for their place, and end of our Homer: are yet infinitely short of his best in a thousand other places. Nor thinke I the contention at any part true; Homer being affirmed by good Authors, to be a hun­dred yeares before Hesiodus: and by al others much the older, Hesiodus being neare in blood to him. And this, for some varietie in your delight, I thought not amisse to insert here.

c [...], the Commentors translate in this place, funda, most vntruly: there being no slings spoken of in all these Iliads; nor any such seruice vsed in all these wars, which in my last annotation in this booke will appearemcre apparent. But here, and in this place, to translate the word funda (though most commonly it signifieth so much) is most ridiculous. [...] likewise signifying, ornamentum quoddam muliebre: which therefore I translate a skarffe: a fitter thing to hang his arme in then a sling; and likely that his Squire carried about him, either as a fauour of his owne mistresse, or his maisters, or for eithers ornament: skarffs being no vnusuall weare for souldiers.

d [...], &c. Relinquetis demum sic, &c. At length for sake our fleete, &c. Now come we to the continuance (with cleare notes) of Menelaus ridic [...]lous character. This verie beginning of h [...] insultation, (in the maner of it) preparing it, and the simply vttered vpbraids of the Troians following, confirming it most ing [...] ­niously. First, that the Troians rauished his wife in the flowre of her yeares, calling her [...], which Spondanus translateth virginē vxorem, being here to be translated iuuenilē vxorem: [...] signifying iuuenilis: but they will haue it virgi­nem; because Homer must be taxed, with ignorance of what the next age after Troys siege reuealed of the age before; in which Theseus is remembred first to haue rauish [...] [Page 187] Hellen; and that by Theseus, Iphigenia was begotten of her: which being granted, maketh much against Homer (if yòu marke at) for making Menelaus thinke yet, he maried her a virgin (if Spondanus translation should passe.) First, no man being so simple to thinke, that the Poet thinketh alwaies as he maketh others speake: and next, it being no verie strange, or rare credulitie, in men, to beleeue they marrie maids when they do not. Much more such a man made for the purpose as M [...]laus, whose good husbandly imagination of his wiues maidenhead at their mariage, I hope answe­reth at full the most foolish taxation of Homers ignorance: in which a man [...]ay wonder at these learned Criticks ouerlearnednesse: and what ropes of sand they make with their kinde of intelligencing knowledge. I meane, in such as abuse the name of Criticks, as many versers do, of Poets: the rest, for their industries, I reuerence. But all this time, I lose my collection of Menelaus sillie and ridiculous vpbraids here gi­uen to the Troians. First, (as aboue said) for rauishing his wife in the flowre of her yeares: when should a man play such a part but then? though in deed poore Menelaus had the more wrong or losse in it, and yet Paris the more reason. He addeth then, and without cause or iniurie, a most sharp one in Homer, and in Menelaus as much ridi­culous: as though louers looked for more cause in their loue-suits, then the beauties of their beloued: or that men were made cuckolds only for spite, or reuenge of some wrong precedent. But indeed, Menelaus true simplicitie in this, to thinke harmes should not be done without harmes foregoing (no not in these vnsmarting harmes) maketh hi [...] well deserue his Epithete [...]. Yet further see how his pure imbecillitie preuaileth: and how by a thred Homer cutteth him out here, [...], postquam amicè tractati fuistis apud ipsam, after ye had bene kindly entertaind at her hands, I hope you will thinke nothing could encourage them more then that. See how he speaketh against her in taking her part: and how ingeniously Homer giueth him still some colour of reason for his senslesnesse, which colour yet, is enough to deceiue our Commentors: they finde not yet the tame figure of our horned. But, they and all Translators, still force his speeches to the best part. Yet further then make we our dissection. And now (saith our Simplician) you would againe shew your iniquities, euen to the casting of pernicious fire into our fleete, and killing our Princes if you could. Would any man thinke this in an Enemie? and such an Enemie as the Troians? Chide Enemies in armes, for offering to hurt their Enemies? Would you haue yet plainer this good Kings simplicity? But his slaughters sometimes, and wise words, are those mists our Homer casteth before the eyes of his Readers, that hindereth their prospects, to his more constant and predominant softnesse and sim­plicitie. Which he doth, imagining his vnderstanding Readers eyes more sharpe, then not to see peruially through them. And yet, would not haue these great ones themselues neede so subtle flatteries: but that euerie shadow of their worth might remoue all the substance of their worthlesnesse. I am weary with beating this thin thicket for a wood­cocke, and yet, lest it proue still too thicke for our sanguine and gentle complexions to shine through, in the next words of his lame reproofe, he crieth out against Iupiter, saying, [...]. Profectò, te aiunt sapientia (vel circa mentem) superare caeteros homines atque Deos: wherein he affirmeth, that men say so, building (poore man) euen that vnknowne secret to himselfe, vpon others, & now, I hope, sheweth himselfe emptie enough. But, lest you should say I striue to illu­strate the Sun, and make cleare a thing plaine, heare how darke, and perplext a rid­dle it sheweth yet to our good Spondanus, being an excellent scholler, and Homers Commentor. Whose words vpon this speech, are these: Facundiam Menelai cum a­cumine, [Page 188] antea praedicauit Homerus (intending in Antenors speech, lib. 3. vnt [...] which I pray you turne) cuius hîc luculentum exemplum habes. Vehemens au­tem est eius hoc loco oratio, vt qui iniuriarum sibi à Troianis in vxoris raptu il­latarum recordetur, qua praesens eorundem in Graecos impetus exacerbauit. Primùm itaque in Troianos inuehitur, & eorum furorem tandem aliquando cohibitum iri comminatur. Deindè, per Apostrophem, ad Iouem conqueri­tur, de inexplebili pugnandi ardore, quibus Troiani vehementer inflammantur. Would any man beleeue this serious blindnes in so great a scholler? Nor is he alone s [...] taken in his eyes, but al the rest, of our most prophaned and holy Homers Traducers.

c [...], &c. Et benè torta ouis lana (or rather, benè torto ouis flore.) Definitio fundae (saith Spondanus) vel potius periphrastica descriptio. The definition, or rather paraphrasticall description of a sling: a most vnsufferable exposition: not a sling being to be heard of (as I before affirmed) in all the seruices exprest in these Iliads. It is therefore the true periphrasis of a light kind of armor called a iacke, that all our archers vsed to serue in of old: and were euer quilted with wooll: and (because [...] signifieth as well qui facili motu versatur & circuma­gitur, as well as, benè vel pulchré tortus) for their lightnesse and aptnesse to be worne, partaketh with the word in that signification. Besides, note the words that fol­low, which are: [...], & Metri causa vsurpatur [...] [...], &c. frequenter iacientes, and à tergo iacientes, shooting, striking, or wounding so thicke, and at the backes of the armed men; not hurling: here being no talke of any stones, but onely [...], conturbabant enim sagittae. And when saw any man slings lined with w [...]ll? to keepe their stones warme? or to dull their deliuerie? and I am sure they hurled not shafts out of them? The agreement of the Greekes with our English, as well in all other their greatest vertues, as this skill with their bowes: other places of these Annotations shall clearely demonstrate; and giue (in my conceipt) no little honour to our Countrie.

The end of the thirteenth Booke.


ATrides, to behold the skirmish, brings
Old Nestor▪ and the other [...]ounded kings.
Iuno (receiuing of the Cyprian Dame
Her Ceston, whence her sweet enticements came)
Descends to Somnus, and gets him to bind
The powres of Ioue with sleepe, to free her mind.
Neptune assists the Greeks, and of the foe,
Slaughter inflicts a mightie ouer throw.
Aiax, so sore, strikes Hector with a stone,
It makes him spit blood, and his sense sets gone.
Another Argument.
In [...] with sleepe, and bed, heauens Queene,
Euen Ioue himselfe, makes ouerseene.
NOt wine, nor feasts, could lay their soft chaines on old Nestors [...]are
This first verse (after the first foure syllables) is to be read [...] one of our Tens.
To this high Clamor; who requir'd, Machaons thoughts to beare
His care in part, about the cause; for me thinke still (said he)
The crie increases. I must needs, the watch towre mount to see
Which way the flood of warre doth driue. Still drinke thou wine, and eate
Till faire-hair'd Hecamed hath giuen, a little water heate,
To cleanse the quitture from thy wound. This said, the goodly shield
Of war-like Thrasimed, his sonne, (who had his owne in field)
He tooke; snatcht vp a mightie lance; and so stept forth to view
Cause of that Clamor. Instantly, th'vnworthy cause he knew,
The Grecians wholly put in rout; the Troians rowting still,
Close at the Greeks backs, their wall rac't: the old man mournd this ill;
And as when, with vnwieldie waues, the great Sea forefeeles winds,
Simil [...].
That both waies murmure, and no way, her certaine current finds,
But pants and swels confusedly; here goes, and there will stay,
Till on it, ai [...]e casts one firme winde, and then it rolles away:
So stood old Nestor in debate, two thoughts at once on wing
In his discourse; if first to take, direct course to the King,
Or to the multitude in fight. At last, he did conclude
To visite Agamemnon first: meane time both hosts imbrewd
Their steele in one anothers blood, nought wrought their healths but harmes:
Swords, huge stones, double-headed darts, still thumping on their armes.
And now the Ioue-kept Kings, whose wounds, were yet in cure, did meet
Old Nestor, Diomed, Ithacus, and Atreus sonne, from fleet,
[Page 190]Bent for the fight, which was farre off, the ships being drawne to shore
Agamemnon, Vlysses, and Di­omed wounded, go towards▪ the [...].
On heapes at first, till all theire stems, a wall was raisd before;
Which (though not great) it yet suffisd, to hide them, though their men
Were something streighted; for whose scope, in forme of battel then,
They drew them through the spacious shore, one by another still;
Till all the bosome of the Strand, their sable bulks did fill:
Euen till they tooke vp all the space, twixt both the Promontori [...].
These kings (like Nestor) in desire, to know for what those cries
Became so violent; came along (all leaning on their da [...]ts)
To see, though not of powre to fight; sad, and suspicious hearts
Agamemnon to Nestor.
Distempring them, and (meeting now, Nestor) the king in feare
Cried out, O Nestor our renowne? why shewes thy presence here?
The harmefull fight abandoned? now Hector will make good,
The threatning vow he made, (I feare) that till he had our blood,
And fir'd our fleet, he neuer more, would turne to Ilion.
Nor is it long, I see, before, his whole will, will be done.
O Gods, I now see all the Greeks, put on Achilles ire,
Against my honour; no meane left, to keepe our fleet from fire.
He answerd; Tis an euident truth, not Ioue himselfe can now,
Nestor to Aga­ [...]emnon.
(With all the thunder in his hands) preuent our ouerthrow.
The wall we thought inuincible, and trusted more then Ioue;
Is scal'd, rac't, enterd, and our powres, (driuen vp) past breathing, proue
A most ineuitable fight: both slaughters so commixt,
That for your life, you cannot put, your diligent'st thought betwixt
The Greeks and Troians; and as close, their throates cleaue to the skie.
Consult we then (if that will serue;) for fight, aduise not I;
It fits not wounded men to fight. Atrides answerd him,
If such a wall, as cost the Greeks, so many a tired lim,
And such a dike be past, and rac't, that (as your selfe said well)
Agamemnons replie to Nestor, [...]rging flight.
We all esteemd inuincible, and would, past doubt repell
The world, from both our fleete and vs: it doth directly show,
That here Ioue vowes our shames, and deaths. I euermore did know
His hand from ours, when he helpt vs: and now I see as cleare
That (like the blessed Gods) he holds, our hated enemies deare;
Supports their armes, and pinnions ours. Conclude then, tis in vaine
To striue with him. Our ships drawne vp, now let vs lanch againe,
And keepe at anchor, till calme Night; that then (perhaps) our foes
May calme their stormes, and in that time, our scape we may dispose:
‘It is not any shame to flie, from ill, although by night:’
‘Knowne ill, he better does that flies, then he it takes in fight.’
Vlysses frown'd on him, and said; Accurst, why talk'st thou thus?
Vlysses bitter answer to Aga­ [...]mnon.
Would thou hadst led some babarous host, and not commanded vs
Whom Ioue made souldiers from our youth, that age might scorne to flie
From any charge it vndertakes; and euery dazeled eye
The honord hand of warre might close. Thus wouldst thou leaue this towne
For which our many miseries felt, entitle it our owne?
Peace, lest some other Greeke giue eare, and heare a sentence such
As no mans pallate should prophane; at least, that knew how much
[Page 191]His owne right weigh'd, and being a Prince, and such a Prince as beares
Rule of so many Greeks as thou. This counsell lothes mine eares;
Let others toyle in fight and cries, and we so light of heeles
Vpon their verie noise, aud grones, to hoise away our keeeles.
Thus we should fit the wish of Troy, that being something neare
The victorie, we giue it cleare: and we were sure to beare
A slaughter to the vtmost man: for no man will sustaine
A stroke, the fleete gone; but at that, looke still, and wish him slaine:
And therefore (Prince ofa men) be sure, thy censure is vnfit.
O Ithacus (replied the King) thy bitter termes haue smit
My heart in sunder. At no hand, gainst any Princes will
Do I command this; would to God, that any man of skill,
[...] to Vlysses.
To giue a better counsell would; or old, or younger man:
My voice should gladly go with his. Then Diom [...]d began.
The man not farre is, nor shall aske, much labour to bring in,
Diomed to Aga­ [...]non and the rest.
That willingly would speake his thoughts, if spoken, they might win
Fit eare; and suffer no empaire, that I discouer them,
Being yongest of you: since, my Sire, that heir'd a Diadem,
May make my speech to Diadems, decent enough, though he
Lies in his sepulcher at Thebes. I bost this pedigree, b
Diom [...]ds pod [...] ­gree.
Portheus, three famous sonnes begot, that in high Calidon,
And Pleuron kept, with state of kings, their habitation.
Agrius, Melas, and [...]he third, the horseman Oeneus,
My fathers father, t [...]at exceld, in actions generous,
The other two: but these kept home, my father being driuen
With wandring, and aduentrous spirits; for so the king of heauen,
And th'other Gods, set downe their willes: and he to Argos came,
Where he begun the world, and dwelt; there marying a dame,
One of Adrastus femall race. He kept a royall house,
For he had great demeanes, good land, and (being industrious)
He planted many orchard grounds, about his house; and bred
Great store of sheepe. Besides all this, he was well qualited,
And past all Argiues for his speare: and these digressiue things
Are such as you may well endure; since (being deriu'd from kings,
And kings not poore, nor vertulesse) you cannot hold me base,
Nor scorne my words: which oft (though true) in meane men, meet disgrace.
How euer; they are these in short. Let vs be seene at fight,
And yeeld to strong Necessitie, though wounded; that our sight
May set those men on, that of late, haue to Ac [...]illes spleene
Bene too indulgent, and left blowes: but be we onely seene
Not come within the reach of darts; lest wound, on wound we lay:
(Which reuerend Nestors speech implide) and so farre him obay.
This counsell gladly all obseru'd; went on, A [...]des led;
Nor Neptune this aduantage lost, but closely followed;
And like an aged man appear'd, t' A [...]ides; whose right hand
[...] appears lik [...] an aged [...] to [...].
He seisd, and said; Atrides, this, doth passing [...]tly stand
With sterne Achilles wreakfull spirit; that he can stand a sterne
His ship; and both in fight and death, the Greci [...] [...] discerne:
[Page 192]Since, not in his breast glowes one sparke, of any humane mind;
But, be that his owne bane; let God, by that losse make him find
Neptune to A­gam [...]non.
How vile a thing he is: for know, the blest Gods haue not giuen
Thee euer ouer; but perhaps, the Troians may from heauen
Receiue that iustice. Nay tis sure, and thou shalt see their fals:
Your fleete soone freed; and for fights here, they glad to take their wals.
This said, he made knowne who he was, and parted with a crie,
As if ten thousand men had ioynd, in battaile then; so hie
His throate flew through the host: and so, this great earth-shaking God
Chear'd vp the Greeke hearts, that they wisht, their paines no period.
Saturnia from Olympus top, saw her great brother there,
And her great husbands brother too, exciting euery where
The glorious spirits of the Greeks; which, as she ioy'd to see:
So (on the fountfull Idas top) Ioues sight did disagree
With her contentment; since she fear'd, that his hand would descend,
And checke the sea-Gods practises. And this she did contend
How to preuent; which thus seem'd best: To decke her curiously,
Iu [...]o prepares her selfe to de­ceiue Ioue.
And visite the Idalian hill, that so the Lightners eye
She might enamour with her lookes, and his high temples steepe
(Euen to his wisedome) in the kind, and golden iuyce of sleepe.
So tooke she chamber, which her sonne, the God of ferrary,
With firme doores made, being ioyned close, and with a priuie key,
That no God could command but Ioue; where (enterd) she made fast
The shining gates; and then vpon, her louely bodie cast
Ambrosia, that first made it cleare; and after, laid on it
An odorous, rich, and sacred oyle, that was so wondrous sweet,
Te [...]hyomenon [...]guentum.
That, euer, when it was but toucht, it sweetn'd heauen and earth.
Her body being cleansd with this, her Tresses she let forth,
And comb'd, (her combe dipt in the oyle) then wrapt them vp in cutles:
And thus (het deathlesse head adornd) a heauenly veile she hurles
On her white shoulders; wrought by her, that rules in housewiferies,
Who woue it full of antique workes, of most diuine deuice.
And this, with goodly clasps of gold, she fastn'd to her breast:
Then with a girdle (whose rich sphere, a hunderd studs imprest)
She girt her small wast. In her eares (tenderly pierc't) she wore
Pearles, great, and orient: on her head, a wreath not worne before
Cast beames out like the Sunne. At last, she to her feete did tie
Faire shoes; and thus entire attir'd, she shin'd in open skie:
Cald the faire Paphian Queene apart, from th'other Gods, and said;
Lou'd daughter? should I aske a grace, should I, or be obeyd?
I [...]o to Venus.
Or wouldst thou crosse me? being incenst, since I crosse thee, and take
The Greeks part, thy hand helping Troy? She answerd, That shall make
V [...]us to Iu [...].
No difference in a different cause: aske (ancient Deitie)
What most contents thee; my mind stands, inclin'd as liberally,
To grant it, as thine owne to aske; prouided that it be
A fauour fit, and in my powre. She (giuen deceiptfully)
Thus said; Then giue me those two powres, with which both men and Gods
Thou vanquishest, Loue, and Desire, For now, the periods
[Page 193]Of all the many-feeding earth, and the originall
Of all the gods, Oceanus; and Thetis, whom we call
Our mother, I am going to greet: they nurst me in their court,
And brought me vp; receiuing me, in most respectfull sort
From Phaea; when Ioue vnder earth, and the vnfruitfull seas
Cast Saturne. These I go to see, intending to appease
Iarres growne betwixt them, hauing long, abstaind from speech and bed;
Which iarres, could I so reconcile, that, in their angers stead
I could place loue; and so renew, their first societie;
I should their best lou'd be esteem'd, and honord endlesly.
She answerd, Tis not fit, nor iust, thy will should be denied,
Venus to Iuno.
Whom Ioue, in his embraces holds. This spoken, she vntied,
And from her odorous bosome tooke, her Ceston; in whose sphere
Were all enticements to delight, all Loues; all Longings were,
Kind conference; Faire speech, whose powre, the wisest doth enflame:
This, she resigning to her hands, thus vrg'd her by her name.
Receiue this bridle, thus faire wrought; and put it twixt thy brests:
Where all things, to be done, are done; and whatsoeuer rests
In thy desire, returne with it. The great-eyd Iuno smild,
And put it twixt her brests. Loues Queene, thus cunningly beguild,
To Ioues court flew. Saturnia, (straight stooping from heauens height)
Pieria, and Emathia, (those countries of delight)
Soone reacht, and to the snowy mounts, where Thracian souldiers dwell,
(Approaching) past their tops vntoucht. From Athos then she fell,
Past all the brode sea; and arriu'd, in Lemnos, at the towres,
Of god-like Thoas; where she met, the Prince of all mens powres,
Deaths brother, Sleepe; whose hand she tooke, and said; Thou king of men,
Iuno to Somn [...].
Prince of the Gods too: if before, thou heardst my suites: againe
Giue helpefull eare, and through all times, Ile offer thanks to thee.
Lay slumber on Ioues fierie eyes: that I may comfort me
With his embraces. For which grace, Ile grace thee with a throne
Incorruptible, all of gold, and elegantly done
By Mulciber: to which, he forg'd, a footestoole for the ease
Of thy soft feete; when wine, and feasts, thy golden humours please.
Sweet Sleepe replyed; Saturnia, there liues not any god
Somn [...] to Iuno.
(Besides Ioue) but I would becalme: I, if it were the flood
That fathers all the Deities, the great Ocean [...]s.
But Ioue we dare not come more neare, then he commandeth vs.
Now you command me, as you did, when Ioues great minded sonne,
Alcides (hauing sackt the towne, of stubborne Ilion)
Tooke saile from thence; when by your charge; I pour'd about Ioues mind
A pleasing slumber; calming him, till thou drau'st vp the wind,
In all his cruelties, to sea; that set his sonne ashore,
In Cous, farre from all his friends; which (waking) vext so sore
The supreme godhead, that he cast, the gods about the skie,
And me (aboue them all) he fought: whom he had vtterly
Hurld from the sparkling firmament; if all-gods- [...]aming Night,
(Whom, flying, I besought for aid) had sufferd his despight,
[Page 194]And not preseru'd me: but his wrath, with my offence dispenc't,
For feare t'offend her; and so ceast, though neuer so incenst:
And now another such escape, you wish I should prepare.
She answerd; What hath thy deepe rest, to do with his deepe care▪
Iuno to Som [...].
As though Ioues loue to Ilion, in all degrees were such,
As twas to Hercules, his sonne? and so would storme as much
For their displeasure, as for his? away, I will remoue
Thy feare, with giuing thee the dame, that thou didst euer loue;
One of th [...] faire young Graces borne, diuine Pasithae.
This started Somnus into ioy; who answerd, Sweare to me,
By those inuiolable springs, that feed the Stygian lake:
With one hand touch the nourishing earth; and in the other, take
The marble sea; that all the gods, of the infernall state,
Which circle Saturne, may to vs, be witnesses; and rate
What thou hast vow'd: that with all truth, thou wilt bestow on me,
The dame (I grant) I euer lou'd, diuine Pasithae.
She swore, as he enioyn'd in all, and strengthend all his ioyes,
The oath of Iuno to Som [...].
By naming all th'infernall gods, surnam'd the Titanois.
The oath thus taken, both tooke way, and made their quicke repaire
To Ida, from the towne, and Ile, all hid in liquid aire.
At Lecton first, they left the sea; and there, the land they trod▪
The fountfull nurse of sauages, with all her woods did nod,
Beneath their feete: there Somnus staid, lest Ioues bright eye should see;
And yet (that he might see to Ioue) he climb'd the goodliest tree
Somnus climes a [...] tree.
That all th'Idalian mountaine bred, and crownd her progenie:
A firre it was, that shot past aire, and kist the burning skie.
There sate he hid in his darke armes, and in the shape, withall,
Of that continuall prating bird, whom all the Deities call
Chalcis; but men Cymmindis name. Saturnia tript apace
Vp to the top of Gargarus, and shewd her heauenly face
To Iupiter; who saw, and lou'd; and with as hote a fire,
(Being curious in her tempting view) as when with first desire
(The pleasure of it being stolne) they mixt, in loue and bed.
And (gazing on her still) he said: Saturnia, what hath bred
This haste in thee, from our high court? and whither tends thy gate?
[...] to Iuno:
That voide of horse and chariot, fit for thy soueraigne state,
Thou lackiest here? Her studied fraude, replyed; My iourney now
[...] answer.
Leaues state, and labours to do good. And where, in right I owe
All kindnesse to the Sire of gods; and our good mother Queene,
That nurst, and kept me curiously, in court, (since both haue bene
Long time at discord) my desire, is to attone their hearts;
And therefore go I now to see, those earths extremest parts;
For whose farre-seate, I spar'd my horse, the skaking of this hill,
And left them at the foote of it: for they must taste their fill
Of trauaile with me; that must draw, my coach, through earth and seas;
Whose farre-intended reach, respect, and care not to displease
Thy graces: made me not attempt, without thy gracious leaue.
The cloud-compelling god, her guile, in this sort did receiue;
[Page 195] Iuno, thou shalt haue after leaue, but ere so farre thou stray,
[...] [...] with his [...] to Iuno.
Conuert we our kind thoughts to loue; that now, doth euery way
Circle, with victorie, my powers: nor yet with any dame;
(Woman, or goddesse) did his fires, my bosome so enflame
As now, with thee: not when it lou'd, the parts so generous
Ixions wife had, that brought foorth, the wise Pyrithous;
Nor when the louely dame, Acrisius daughter stird
My amorous powres, that Perseus bore, to all men else preferd;
Nor when the dame that Phenix got, surprisd me with her sight;
Who, the diuine-soul'd Rhadamanth, and Minos brought to light;
Nor Semele, that bore to me, the ioy of mortall men,
The sprightly Bacchus; Nor the dame, that Thebes renowned then,
Alcmena, that bore Hercules; Latona, so renownd;
Queene Ceres, with the golden haire; nor thy faire eyes did wound,
My entrailes to such depth as now, with thirst of amorous ease.
The cunning dame seem'd much incenst, and said, what words are these,
Iunos [...] [...] to Ioue in satisfying his [...].
Vnsufferable Saturns sonne? What? here? in Idas height?
Desir'st thou this? how fits it vs? or what if in the sight
Of any god, thy will were pleasd? that he, the rest might bring
To witnesse thy incontinence; t'were a dishonourd thing.
I would not shew my face in heauen, and rise from such a bed.
But if loue be so deare to thee, thou hast a chamber sted,
Which Vulcan purposely contriu'd, with all fit secrecie:
There sleepe at pleasure. He replyed; I feare not if the eye
[...] to [...].
Of either god, or man obserue; so thicke a cloude of gold
Ile cast about vs, that the Sunne, (who furthest can behold)
Shall neuer find vs. This resolu'd, into his kind embrace,
He tooke his wife: beneath them both, faire Tellus strewd the place
The bed of [...] and Iuno.
With fresh-sprung herbes, so soft, and thicke, that vp aloft it bore
Their heauenly bodies: with his leaues, did deawy Latus store
Th'Elysian mountaine; Saffron flowres, and Hyacinths helpt make
The sacred bed; and there they slept: when sodainly there brake,
A golden vapour out of aire, whence shining dewes did fall;
In which they wrapt them close, and slept, till Ioue was tam'd withall.
Meane space flew Somnus to the ships, found Neptune out, and said,
[...] to [...].
Now, chearfully assist the Greeks, and giue them glorious head;
At least, a little, while Ioue sleepes; of whom through euery limme,
I pour'd darke sleepe; Saturnias loue, hath so [...] him.
This newes made Neptune more secure, in giuing Grecians heart;
And through the first fights, thus he stird, the men of most desert.
Yet, Grecians: shall we put our ships, and conquest in the hands,
[...] to the [...].
Of Priams Hector, by our sloth? he thinks so, and commands,
With pride according; all because, Achilles keepes away.
Alas, as we were nought but him? we little need to stay▪
On his assistance, if we would, our owne strengths call to field,
And mutually maintaine repulse. Come on then, all men yeeld
To what I order; we that bea [...]e, best armes in all our host;
Whose heads sustaine the brightest helms; whose hands are bristl'd most
[Page 196]With longest lances, let vs on: But stay, Ile leade you all;
No [...] thinke I, but great Hectors spirits, will suffer some apall,
Though they be neuer so inspir'd: the ablest of vs then,
That on our shoulders worst shields beare, exchange with worser men
That fight with better. This proposd, all heard it, and obeyd:
The kings (euen those that sufferd wounds, Vlysses, Diomed,
And Agamemnon) heplt t'instruct, the complete army thus;
To good, gaue good armes; worse, to worse; yet none were mutinous.
Thus (arm'd with order) forth they flew, the great Earth-shaker led;
Neptune leades the Greekes.
A long sword in his sinowy hand, which when he brandished,
It lighten'd still: there was no law, for him, and it; poore men
Must quake before them. These thus man'd, illustrous Hector then
His hoast brought vp. The blew-hair'd god, and he, stretcht through the prease
A greiuous fight: when to the ships, and tents of Gre [...]ce, the seas
Brake loose, and rag'd. But when they ioynd, the dreadfull Clamor rose
To such a height; as not the sea, when vp, the North-spirit blowes
Her raging billowes; bellowes so, against the beaten shore:
Nor such a rustling keeps a fire, driuen with violent blore,
Through woods that grow against a hill: nor so the feruent strokes
Of almost-bursting winds resound, against a groue of Okes;
As did the clamor of these hoasts, when both the battels closd.
Of all which, noble Hector first, at A [...]ax breast disposd
H [...]tor at Aiax.
His iauelin, since so right on him, the great-soul'd souldier bore;
Nor mist it, but the bawdricks both, that his brode bosome wore,
To hang his shield and sword, it strooke; both which, his flesh preseru'd:
Hector (disdaining that his lance, had thus, as good as sweru'd)
Trode to his strength; but going off, great Aiax with a stone,
Ai [...]x at Hector.
(One, of the many props for ships, that there lay trampl'd on)
Strooke his brode breast, aboue his shield, iust vnderneath his throte;
And shooke him peecemeale. When the stone, sprung backe againe & smo [...]e
(cEarth, like a whirlewind gathering dust, with whirring fiercely round,
For feruour of his vnspent strength, in setling on the ground:
And, as when Ioues bolt, by the rootes, rends from the earth an Oke;
His sulphure casting with the blow, a strong, vnsauoury smoke;
And on the falne plant none dare looke, but with amazed eyes,
(Ioues thunder being no laughing game) so bowd strong Hectors<